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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, December 01, 1897, Image 1

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LOAN and .
Organized 1870.
Oldest Sarins?
Itank in Eastern
Largest Savins?
Capital in City.
1> a y s Interest
and Compounds
every 6 months.
VOL. LXII. NO. 48.
itt ~ A Ha.
Line of Goods, viz: Dress Goods, Domestic Goods, Calicos, Percales, No
tions and Fancy Articles.
The Seamless Ladies' Black Hose, 10c.
Ladies Hemstitched Handkerchiefs, 5c; Cambrio Handkerchiefs-, 5Uc
lull stock Gcate', Boys' and Children's Ready-made Clothings Hats and Cap.?.
! SHOES ! SHOKS! SHOKS! finora* !
From 25c. Per Pair to $5.00,
Good Jeans at wholesale prices by the piece
Tw^w W??* *T?Ur busiuess> ?ad *o Set and keep it wc must sell you the
.?est goods for the least money. . *
SEND_. "
??And Give Them an Education.
sr?oo\U8?n?pUanj?dna-of g?tRfc25c- Nicer ones at 50c. np.
St? Poff Umbrellas warranted to turu rain, good article/at
oOc. Better ones 7oc. and ?1. SEE THE3I.
MONDAY,3 SEPTEMBER 13th, 1897.
E. C DENNIS, Instructor.
Latin, Greek, Higher Mathematics, English, and usual branches. SI
dents prepared for college or business.
Intermediate and Primary Departments,
Miss Elise Cannie and Miss Sudie Davis. Teachers.
Careful and thorough instruction in usual English branches.
Tuition SI.00 to $3.00 per month. Ten per cent discount where thrc<
more come from one family. Students from abroad can secure good hoar*
reasonable rates.
For further information apply to
IKSd^^^E*c! O. Dennis.
:E?X??XXO?:?P> ?,x
o o ? ?
Over One Acre Under Gla?
us and Illustrated Catalogue will be mailed free. Address
?F? Berckmans,
Established 1856. AUGUSTA, OA. Fruitlanrt Nu
?^*No agents connected with our establishment.
Sui aii Alista Golton Hiss ant Pi
i nMD?8)n f IRON WOP.KS AND SU i
LUinunBlII \ CO fi) PA fl Y
{Sf Get enr Fric?s before yon bay.
A few weeks ago there was launched I
from the yards of the Columbian Iron I
"Works, of Baltimore, the Argonaut, a
queer looking submarine craft, which
goes on wheels like a wagon.
This vessel, which is the invention
of a Baltimorean, Simon Lake; is, as
far as* intentions and appearance are
concerned, unique: It u intended for
commercial work, including the ex
ploration of the bottom of river?j
lak?svbays ?ud evan seas, foi- treasure
se?kiug and other purposes of a kin
dred character.
The vessel presents a curious ap
pearance. The cigar-shaped hull has
two big iron wheels attached to it near
the bow. These wheels are about as
large as an ordinary cartwheel, and
are of solid metal. The edges of the
wheels are corrugated and cogged like
those of a cogwheel. A smaller wheel
of a similar character is attached to
the boat at thc stern. The wheels are
intended to enable the vessel to run
along over the bottoms of rivers and
other bodies of water, the propeller of
the vessel supplying the necessary mo
tive pDwer. The boat will be so ar
ranged that the divers can come in and
go out of the vessel while she is on
the bottoms of rivers.
The Argonaut, says the New York
Journal, is thirty-six feet long ami
nine fee; iu diametcr,built of steel and
strongly ribbed, to resist the water
pressure She is propelled along the
bottom by an electric motor taking
current from a powerful storage bat
A strong electric searchlight is lo
cated in the bow, capable of lighting
up a pathway iu front of the craft as
she moves along the bed of the ocean;
Lenses are also arranged to project
beam of light to either side of th
boat, so that objects may be seen i
tbo vicinity of the vessel as she passe
Her speed is estimated to be abov
eight miles au hour on the surface an
about live miles on the bottom. St
.will have au electric storage capacil
for a run of about 2000 miles. Tl
crew will cousist of a captain, an e
giueer and four divers. It is claimi
that one mau can handle her if necc
When not engaged in saving val
ables from wrecks along thc coast, s
is to mu on the surface of the sea wi
her string of barges like a tugboat a
her tow. She is also to sink hers
and barges to thc bottom of the co
and run over the hard sands as if i
were a locomotive with a train of cr
The inventor of the craft propo
to look for some of the 2000 ves;
sunk and the $100,000,000 lost au
ally at sea. The boat may also beu
in laying foundations for piers, lif
houses, bridges, docks, break wat
etc. She may also make journeys am
beds of coral and sponge for bush
purposes, or to take down seien
and pleasure parties for an in
view of old Neptune. The boat i:
be able to descend to a depth of^
feet or more, and is to bo sun!
raised at the will of the operator,
The Argonaut will make her
trip.in the Chesapeake Bay du
the next few weeks. Probably
first vessel that the inventor wi!
tempt to find is the New Era v
went down off Asbtiry Park, N. J
1852, -with 200 passengers and a
amount of specie aboard.
Another queer craft which ele
ityhas made possible, and whicl
ventor Knapp, who constructed i
lieves will revolutionize the spe
oceau travel, was recently launel
Toronto. It is called the roller
and is certainly a novelty, thotl|
exactly the first of its kind.
Owing to the strange nature
craft a large crowd gathered to !
mas3 of steel drop, or rather rc
to the water. No doubt many c
expected to see the boat disapp
of sight below the waves, but
they wore disappointed. Prepi
to the launching the hugo L
cylindrical steel rested on stock
ten feet back from tho edge
slip, and in order to launch hei
well greased with soft soap, we
from the stocks to the edge
water. When all was ready
were removed until the cylin
held by but a single support, i
given signal this was knocke
Slowly the cylinder started ch
soapy'incline, and then, movii
tie faster, it leaped into thew;
a great splash. The waves i
leaped high on the opposite s:
slip and the crowd there i
freely sprinkled. Over and
craft rolled until she touched
posite side of the slip, and
was quiet on the water it was
ehe drew but a little over tw
The craft just launched is !
nhip. Mr. Knapp's ideal fo
ger service wonld be about 1
diameter and nearly SOO feet
engines that would make C(
tiona a minute, The trial b
twenty-two feet in diameter and 100
feet long, and tapers to fifteen feet, so
that each end is kept well out of the
water. As it is a passenger boat it
will be the strangest ever floated. The j
passengers will be on ? platform bn
the insid?, swinging frbni the shaft,1
With the wheels of the engine gravitat
ing against the inside of the cylinder;
The paddles which willprbpei the snip
will be fastened in rows on the out
side of the cylinder.-New York Jour
American Pi o due ts In Encl an rt.
United States Consul Lathrop, at
Bristol, in a report to the State De
partment, gives some information con
cerning United States products in
England. He says"the United States,
Canada and Denmark supply Eng
land with bacon. The United States
enjoys more than half the trade, send
ing, in 1890, 2,751,518 hundred
weights of 112 pounds. During the
first six months of 1897 there was a
large increase in the shipments from
this country, amounting to 1,830,162
hundred weights. The report notes
that there is a scarcity of pigs in Eng
land and in Denmark, and says the
United States and Canada are expect
ed to keep up tho increased ship
Leather is a product which has
made an appreciable advauce in Eng
land. The colored leathers of Chi
cago and Milwaukee have been more
largely sold. The goat dud sheep
leather from Philadelphia and Penn
sylvania districts have also found an
eulargad marketj almost entirely at
the expense of the German ?nd French
manufacturers; Thero has also been
? o//er
} to
c or
. the
it at
., in
i In
t, he
ed of
led at
? boat
;h not
of the
?ll, in
ti them
car out
in this
?ulk of
;s about
of the
: slides,
?re built
. of the
der was
md at a
d away,
awn the
ag a Ht
titi with
t caused
ide of the
vas very
over the
the op
Tlien all
o feet oi
but a trial
r passen
50 feet in
long, with
)0 r?volu
oat is only
an improvement in fancy leathon
from Newark, N. J.
Sketch of the Career of tho Great Ku
niau Novelist anti Social Kcformcr.
Count Lyof Nickol aivitch. Tolstc
tho most prominent of tho Bussi:
novelists, is also a social reforme
His great ancestor wa3 Peter Tolstc
thc friend of Peter the Great. T
author of "Anna Karenina" is n<
uearly seventy. "Anna Karenina
pronounced Tolstoi's masterpiece.
Luna herself George Meredith sr
she is the most perfectly depicted
male character in all fiction. Tols
believes in the literalness of 1
words of Jesus. He holds that '
only rule of life is the precise liv
up to the maxims of the Sermon
the Mount, As a youth Tolstoi
feuded the University of Kazan, i
at tho ago of twenty-three he ente
the army and went with his brothe
the Caucasus. He fought in the '
mean War, and at its close resig
his commission and devoted hin
to literature. One of his ear
works, "War aud Peace," is most
praised by Bussians. It deals
tho invasion of Bussia by Napol
Since he brought ont "Anna Karen
in 187G Tolstoi has given himsel
to social problems, with the hop
supplying mankind with a b
moral and religious philosophy
that which now obtsinH in t;
"Kreutzer Sonata" appeavec
presenting s certain theory
which BO shocked some
pindana iii America that it waa
'r?led" by the authorities. In 189.2
Cotfc Tolstoi finished his autobio
gr?jy, which, with his diaries, he do
poisid with the Eumyanzoff Museum.
A Emily's Long and Novel Journey
_.j Across tho Continent.
?iouse on wheels is on its way to
NetfTbrk City, While at Morrisville,
the owner, M. 'E. A. Laskey,
san-?e had traveled from Port Ange
le.} Wash. A cyclometer attached to
a vheel gave the distance covered as
6311 miles.
. "he house is occupied by a man and
wiis aud five children, two of whom
were born ou the road. Tho house is
tvrdvo feet long and six feet high and
is/entirely home-made. Inside are a
folding table, a camp stove, a high
ctyair, rockiug chair, folding bed and
oilier conveniences.
. Tho family left Port Angeles on
March 22, 1894, and has been on th
road ever since.
Florida Coys Ilnvo Fun With Huge Sc
Florida boys have one kind of e:
citing sport which the young folks <
more northern lands know 1
about. It consists in catching
huge sea turtles which frequent
bays along the Southern coasti
Florida. The turtles, from whic
made the green turtle soup so fare
to restaurant fare, are confined h?
world, fishermen in huge pens o
in 1890, crawls," consisting of fenc
morals ing from the shove out into
eminent When the fisherman wants r
e for market one of the boys, -whose
ainy brown body is stripped bare,
tanda in tho prow of the boat as it
i pushed from the shore. He watches
itently, and presently he sees one of
tie big turtles taking a nap on the
leal white sand of the bottom. Ho
ives quickly, and, swimming down
rom behind, seizes the turtle firmly
J the shell. Of course the turtle
rakes up and like a bucking broncho i
begins to dash and plunge wildly
about, seeking to throw its plucky
rider. Not succeeding in this, it darts
quickly to the surface, where the boy
gets his first breath; Then down
again it goes tearing through tho
water and beating the foam with its
flippers. But its rider never lets go
for a moment, and presently tho great
turtle grows exhausted, and the boy,
by hiting on the front end of the
shell iorcea it to the boat, where it is
quickly loaded aboard and taken away
to market. It is great sport, and the
boys enjoy it as much as our Western
boys like a lively young pony to ride.
Canvas Covering to Prevent thc Animal's
Feet From Getting Sorti.
They do many strange things in Ne
braska, but tho latest and strangest is
puttiug shoes ou bird-dogs; Colonel
Robert Coffin, a veteran sportsman of
Randolph, is responsible for "the inno
_Npw_hnndjeds of dogs in all
3 have been'trained
field while ha'nt
_ day's pursuit of game shod w:
somethiug more durable than wi
nature provided. Heretofore it 1
been almost impossible to hunt w
the same dogs more than two con
cutive days. Their feet would beco
too sore.
The way Colonel Coffin overci
this difficulty was to fit his dogs v
canvas shoes that covered the :
closely and were tied snugly at
ankles. Great difficulty was iom\(
teaching the dogs to wear the si
and hunt. Now all old huntsmei
Nebraska equip their hunters .
these canvas shoes.
The Birds' Balance of Power.
In a receut lecture Professor
men Stone, of Philadelphia, cited i
facts to show that birds are nat
great check on the excess of in
and that they keep the balanci
tween plants and insect life,
thousand caterpillars, it has be<
timated, could destroy every
of grass on an aero of culti
ground. In thirty days from th<
it is hatched an ordinary catei
increases 10,000 times in bull
tho food it lives and grows on is
table. The insect population
singlo cherry tree infested wi
hides was calculated by a prov
entomologist at no less than T
OOO! The bird population of
vated couutry districts has beei
mated at from 700 to 1000 per
mile. This is small compare
the number of insects, yet i
bird consumes hundreds of
everj day the latter are pr<
from becoming the scourgi
would be but for their feathe
ernies.-Youth's Companion.
The Pickpocket Got Hold of a
Ex-Bepresentative Harvey
of Sumner County, is a snal
and usually carries around wit
his pocket a live bull sm
which he makes lots of fun.
pocket "touched" Horner a
cus at Wichita Monday and 1
to get his hand iuto the pock
the snake was kept. The sh?
him scream and Horner hele
til the police arrived.-Kai
A Wonderful Bridge.
In the Forth Bridge tl
horizontal pull of 10,000 to
chief spaus, aud a weight c
tons on their bases. Hali
British ircnclatls might be 1
? them without causing ai
When to Beware of Hot Water.
Do not put hot water or any kind of
rater upon woolens that have had
iquid grease spilled upon them. First
jprinkle buckwheat or rye flour over
;he place and let it absorb the grease,
brush off tho flour, and apply then
fresh flour until all the grease is ab
Bags For Silverware.
In making bags or cases for silver
ware an unbleached material should
be employed. Sulphur is generally
used in the bleaching processes and it
tends to blacken and tarnish silver.
Rubber in any form is another thing
that should never be kept near silver,
ware. Silver is best wrapped in blue
white or pink soft tissue paper, and
unbleached cotton or flannel bags.
To Steam Velvet.
To remove creases from velvet is
quite easy when one knows the secret.
Take a very hot iron, perferably one
with a removable handle, and set it ru
a table with the smoothing eurface up.
Wring out in cold water a double
thickness <5i soft muslin and the pile
will'rise gradually as the steam pene:
trates the material. This treatment
is also useful to ?"ive a new and fresh
appearance to slightly worn velvet.
Effective Dish Washer.
A whisk broom is a more effective
dish washer than the mop made of
cords and sold by house furnishers.
; lu every kitchen there should be two
brooms of different sizes, kept perfect
ly clean by rinsing them under run
ning water aftor every using, hanging
them over the sink to drain and dry.
Once or twice a week they should be
j dipped in a hot -jlution of washing
; soda and water, and they will last long
j and keep clean and sweet.
School, Lunches,
j Seo to it that the lunch basket is
j made attractive and that its contents
are bountiful. This means much to
the sensitive boy or girl who must
open tho basket or pail, with dozens
of curious eyes watching the opera
, tion. Uso paper napkins, which are
i very cheap, if you do not want to risk
1 linen ones.
Wrap bread, meat and cake in par
affin paper to keep moist. The same
paper may be used two or three times.
Put in plenty of bread and butter,
cut neatly, the buttered sides togeth
er. Sponge cake, graham wafers,
cream gingerbread, oatmeal crackers,
figs, apples, dates and oranges are
much to bc preferred to rich pastry,
pickles, confectionery, etc.
Put in a small cup of jelly occasion
'.pple a-ucl sago, jelly mirv be
uteri for a Mit jelij, orV&'te^
1?re is a
us on the
I 100,000
a dozen
mug upon
av undue
Apple Fritters.--One pint
milk, two teaspoonfuls soda, salt, two
eggs and flour for a not too stiff batter.
Pare and core six large apples, chop
them very fine and mix in batter. Fry
in lard, and serve with sirup or sauce.
Poached Eggs With Tomato Sauce
_Poach six eggs in usual mauncr,
place on buttered toast and p^"v ovei
tomato sauce. This makes a .ost de
lightful and savory breakf; t dish
Half a pint of the sauce w .1 be re
quired for six eggs.
Chicken a la Marengo-Cut th
chicken up in joints and roll well i
flour. Fry the pieces in cocoanut bu
ter, season while cooking, and as soo
as done place in a hot dish in tb
shape of a pyramid. Make a thic
gravy in the pan with the remainir
butter and pour over the chicke
Border with parsley.
Economy Pudding.-Take ono quii
of bread crumbs, one egg, ons tc
spoonful of baking powder, two cu
fuis of sugar, and one teaspoonful ea
of ground cloves, ginger and nutme
Soak the crusts and stale bits of bre
in cold water until soft, squeeze o'
and beat up with the other ingredien
If desired, one tablespoonf?! of di
ping or butter and any kind of dr
fruit may be added, first chopping ?
flouring the fruit. Put in a two-qu
bucket well greased, aud boil in ake
two and one-half or three hours.
Sweet Potato Salad.-Boil and p
three large sweet potatoes, cut i
half-inch dice, mix with two stalk!
chopped celery and pour over
French dressing made as follows:
into a soup plate one saltspoonfi
salt and one of pepper. Add tl
tablespoonfuls of olive oil and stir
til the salt is all dissolved, then
the vinegar, two tablespoonfuls,^;
gree3, and a teaspoonful of onion j
Mix well with the salad and !
stand in a cold place for two hi
Serve on lettuce leaves, or with ?
nish of pickled onions and parsley
Iced Stuffed Tomatoes.-Scald
peel six small tomatoes. Cut o
stem end in a slice and scoop ot
seeds before standing the tomate
ice for two hours. When ret
serve, chop one small new c
a bunch of cress, and a small
parsley rather fine. Pour ove
mixture a dressing made from
teaspoonful of salt, one teasp
pepper and three tablespoonful
oil beaten together with one
spoonful vinegar, and fill it in
mato shells. Serve each on a I
leaf "heaped round with fiuely-c
A Word Curiosity.
If your tongue be in good co
for doing a little acrobatic wc
reading the following word ci
aloud. It may be familiar to i
you, for it is one of the treasui
we dug out of an old scrap-boo
If you stick a stick across a stick,
Or stick a cross across a stick,
Or cross a stick across a stick,
Or stick a cross across a cross,
Or cross a cross across a stick,
Or cross a cross across a cross,
Or stick a cross stick across a stie
Or stick a crossed stick across a
Or cross a crossed stick across a c
Or cross a crossed stick across a s
Or cross a crossed stick across t
Would that bo an acrostic
Fifteen j cars ago thu Diamc
near Helena, Mont., was bi
niuety cents. The purchase
forSSOOO. Receutly a Scotch
paid SI,800, OOO for the mine
Johnson s \*niu nun *
ver Tonic, is a ONE-DAY
Cure, It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever ia
24 Hours.
ame Skill No Longer Required in Mak
ing Famous Straw Hats.
A strike in the gentle, smiling valley
>f the Arno, says a Rome correspond
ent of the Pall Mall Gazette, hs3 drawn
ttention to the straw-plait industry
here. It is one that is greatly affected
>y change of fashions, and has its pe
iods of prosperity and depression.
The days have gone by when tha prop*,
?rty about Florence was divided
imong a few manufacturers of straw
lats (what the English call Leghorns),
svho when marrying their daughters
5ave them a dot of several thousand
3f scudi, (each scud! being worth four
shillings), and a straw hat. the strands
of which, less than a millimetre Sn
width, were made of straws so fine
that, after being woven, a magnifying
glass was needed to distinguish them.
Now rich travelers travelling through
Florence go no more to the Via Porta
Rossa to pay 100 francesconi (?22 for
a straw -at to take home as a present.
Fashion has transformed the Flor
ence straw industry. The profit now
comes from the quantity, not the qual
ity; and consequently the hand work
at one time sought after and well paid
has gradually decreased in price until ' "
the wages cf the workers are Infamous.
When the wholesale price of a hat, all
made and sewed, ls a penny or two
an ri there are those at even a lower
price-it is easy to imagine what com
pensation the straw-workers get for
the twenty-five to thirty-five yards of
made strands which are necessary for
one .tat.
The skill formerly required in the
plaiting is, however, no longer requir
ed. Once it was an art, now every one
can do it-the boys and gins who
drive the cattle Lo pasture, tho women
at home, beggars, all those who have
j nothing else to do. In the mouutains
J thc men who break stones have been
seen at straw-plaiting in their few
leisure moments, and even men who
drive coal carts. This "vulgarization"
and overproduction will, in the end,
be the death of the industry. There
have been immense exportations,- es- .
peciilly to America, and, consequent
ly, an overstocked market; and until
some means are found of diminishing
the production the industry will go
from bad to worse, with the gravest
consequences to those who liv9 by it.
exporters who buy the
which raises the duty on workea
from 25 to 35 per cent of its value. Be
sides the Italian productions have to
struggle, in America, against the com
petition. Increasing day by day, of the
Japanese and Chinese straw. The out
look is indeed dark, for no matter
how thr? poor Florentine straw-plaiters
protest and strike, they hava no rem
ertv. It is n question of overproduc
tion for a constantly diminishing mar
ket. _
Johnson's Chill and Fe
ver Tonic is a ONE-DAY
Cure. It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever in
24 Hours.
Fa*.alit/ From Anaesthesia.
The consensus of opinion xmong Eu
ropean physicians of eminence as to
the comparative fatality attending the
use of chloroform and ether, and the
specific characteristics of each, in
practice, may be expressed tlrus: First
- The usc of any anaesthesia is attend
ed with an appreciable risk, and no
care will prevent an occasional loss
of life. Second - Chloroform acts
much more promptly and much more
powerfully than ether, both upon the
respiratory centers and the heart.
Third--Th*? action of chloroform ?3
much more persistent and permanent
than that of ether. Fourth-Chloro
form is capable of causing death either
by primarily arresting the respiration
or by primarily stopping the heart, but
commonly both respiration and car
diac functions are abolished at or
about the same time. Fifth-Ether
usually acts very much more powtr
fully upon the respiration than upon
the circulation, though occasionally,
and especially when the heart is fee
ble, ether is capable of acting as a
cardiac paralyzant, and may produce
death by cardiac arrest at a time when
the respirations are fully maintained.
Sixth-Chloroform kills, as near as
can be made out, proportionately, four
or five times as frequently as does
ether. It is regarded, finally, as doubt
ful whether one-third of the deaths
from anaesthesia are reported.-New
York Tribune._
Quinine and other fe
ver medicines take from 5
to IO days to cure fever.
Johnson's Chill and Fever
Tonic cures.in ONE DAY.
"Where's Brown, the scorcher?"
"Laid up."
"What's the matter ? Wagon ?
"Excavation ?"
. "No."
"Trolley car ?"
"No. Another scorcher."
"Oho ! Then it's really something
serious, isn't it ?"_
Why take Johnson's
Chill & Fever Tonic?
Because it cures the
most stubborn case
of Fever in ONE DAY,

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