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L. C. HAYNK, Pres't F. G. FORD, Cashier.
Capital, ?250,000. Undivided Profits } ?110,000. Facilities ot our magnificent New Vnnlt [containing 410 Safety-Lock Boros. Differ ?ont Sizes are offered*to our patrons and the public at 53.00 to 810.00j>er annum. THE PLANTERS LOAN AND SAVINGS BANK, AUGUSTA, GA, Pays Interest oil Deposits. Accounts Solicited. |L. C. Hayne, President. Ciias, C. Howard, Cashier. THOS. J ADAMS PROPRIETOR. EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 20. 1901. Diamoru Watche.? Jewelry. f%? Our fall stock is now ready " Diamonds, Fine Jewelry, ^jj^ Siller Ware, Plated Ware, ^\ Give ns a call when in the city. * WM. SCHWEB BL Two S Jackson Street, Near 1 Fine ? LACES, BHBROIDERIES, HOSIEI AGENCY FOR JOUVIN'5 < CORSETS AND BUD MAIL ORDER EVE-Ry MAM HI By J. ?31711110 A 600-page Illustrated Book, containir faining to diseases of the human sysi cure with simplest of medicines. ! courtship and marriage; reariug sides valuable prescriptions, re facts in materia medica that e This most indispensable adjunct to e mailed, postpaid, to any address, Address, ATLANTA PUBLISHING ? CONGRESSIONAL TYPES. MEN WHO HAVE WON IN SPITE OF EVERY OBSTACLE. The Leaders in the House Havo Had to Fi?ht Their Wav-Richest Representa tive was a Mir^ Boy at Seventy-five Cents a Day. "The richest man in the House of Representatives at Washington is Connell, of Pennsylvania, who Las ac cumulated over $10,000.000, and who ?item. orincoAS?ttf ,?Scr. A d.ay- Connell is a coal operator -one of the largest in the United States. Fifty year's ago he was dirking In the mines as a driver-boy at v\ cents a day. Closely approach ing him are Levy, of New York? the owner of Monticello, who inherited his weath. and Sprague. of Massachusetts, who acquired his by marriage. Other rich men in the House, some of whom are in the millionaire class, are Sib ley, of Pennsylvania: Stewart, of Wis consin; Hitt. of Illinois; Cannon, of Illinois; Dalzell and Adams, of Penn sylvania; Ruppert, McClellan and William Astor Chandler, of New York; Babcock, of Wisconsin; Lovering, of Massachusetts; Wadsworth, of New York, and Burleigh, of Maine. It is safe to say that a groat majority of the members of the House have little besides their salaries..although there are few of them who could not earn more than their salaries if they were to retire from Congress and devote themselves to their profession. "With comparatively few exceptions, both Senators and Representatives started in life as poor boys. Perkins, of California, was a cabin boy, shipped before the mast when 12 years old, and followed the sea for 12 years. Stewart, of Nevada, was a stage-driv ^er. Thurston, of Nebraska, supported .'niself as a boy in Vermont by farm v.^~">und by driving teams. Neecl hamT^f California, was born in an emigrant wagon somewhere in Ne vada. He is one of the youngest members of tue House. Adamson, of Georgia, worked on a farm and hauled . goods and cotton. Lorimer, of Illi nois, who, while still under 40 years, is supreme in the Republican politics of Chicago, was a bootblack and car driver." Cusak, of Illinois, was a sign-painter. Smith, of Illinois, work ed his way through college from a blacksmith shop. Robinson, of In diana, was a newsboy, a.'.d worked in a shop from the time hu was fifteen till he was twenty. Haugen, of Iowa, began to earn his own living at 14, and when he was 18 had bought a farm. Hepburn, of Iowa, was a printer. So were Heatwole, of Minnesota; Young, of Pennsylvania, and Amos Cum mings, of New York. Weeks, of Michigan, had to buy books and study law through the intervals of teaching school. Brownlow, of Tennessee, earned his own living when ten years old. He was a tinner and a locomo tive engineer. De Graffenreid, of Tex as, was a brakeman. Otjen was fore man in a rolling mill. Mercer, of Nebraska, taught school, clerked in ? store, worked on a farm and edited a newspaper. Robinson, of Nebraska, worked as a mechanic in a hinge fac tory. Gardner, of New Jersey, was a waterman. Daly, of the same state, was a moulder by trade. Spaulding, of North Dakota, left home at eleven to earn his own living. Ryan, of Pennsylvania, was employed about the coal mines as a mule-driver. Graham, of Pennsylvania, was employed in a brass foundry and enlisted at 17. Breazeale, of Louisiana, clerked in a dry-goode store while studying law. Wheeler, of Kentucky, worked on a farm summers and attended school winters. Baker, of Maryland, work ed on a farm until he was 32. H. C. Smith, of Michigan, worked on a farm and in factories, and after he entered college did chores for farmers for his board, teaching school In vacation. William Alden Smith was a page in the Legislature. Tawney, of Minne sota, a leading member of the Ways for inspection. Watches, AV Cut Glass, Clocks, Sterling Fancy Goods, Etc, Write for our new Catalogne. /|\ P & CO., Jewelers. ?L?TS Stores, Broadway, Augusta, Oa. ?tock of RY, WHITE GOODS, LINENS, ETC. 3LOVE5, AMERICAN LADY TERICK'S PATTERNS. JS SOLICITED. S OW/N DOeTOK. ?n Ayers, M. D. ig valuable information por tera, showing how to treat and The book contains analysis of ; and management of children, be cipes, etc., with a full complement of veryone should know, very well-regulated household will b? on receipt of price, SIXTY CENTS. -irH ICC HO LOYD STRKET, lUUOC, ATLANTA, GA and Means Committee, was a black smith and machinist until he began to study law. Champ Clark worked as a hired farm hand, clerked in a country store, edited a country newspaper, and practiced law. So the list might be continued. The men who Lave made records In Congress have had to fight their way."-L. A. Coolidge, in Ainslee's. ADULTERATED MOLASSES. The B.'ame Placed Upon People who Wa: Cheap Coods. The fact of the matter is that all this cry about adulterated molasses has somewhat befogged the public on this interesting topic. They have come to believe that the molasses producers in Louisiana have ruined their indus try by adulterating their product with glucose, and even worse, by using hurtful chemicals. This is not the case at all. The producers, or planters, as they call them in this part of the world, still make the Simon- Turo ar ticle as of old. but as the supply of the tine old-time sugar house or kettle molasses is necessarily small, it is high priced, and the consuming public will not pay the price in competition with the fine-colored, adulterated, but cheaper article. Jobbers no longer de sire to handle the pure kettle molasses, because their customers will not pay the cost when they cnn buy the mixed article for almost half the price. Any one who is willing to pay the price can buy all the pure molasses he wants from first hands in New Orleans. There was a time when larpe quanti ties of rich kettle molasses were made in this state in the.old-style sugar houses. This rich molasses represent ed the waste of a considerable portion of the sugar product. The tendency in recent years has been to extract all the sugar possible from the, cane juice, and modern sugar factories extr:Vt such a large proportion of sugar that the molasses by-product is no longer the rich sugar-house article, except in the case of a few-old-fashioned factories where the kettle process is still in use. The great bulk of the moLisses now marketed from the plantations is a comparatively low grade by-product of indifferent color and inferior in sac charine strength. A very large pro portion of this molasses would not be acceptable to consumers in its crude or original state, hence the practice of mixing it with glucose to improve its appearance and render it merchant able commenced. This mixing of mo lasses is quite d's!?net from the cus tom of bleaching, in which t'.ie chemi cals are used, the deleterious effect of which has been much discussed. Molasses mixed with glucose, although it is certainly an inferior article com pared with pure sugar-house molasses or can syrup, is yet entirely wholesome. It is certainly a bad practice to sell a mixed article in lieu of a pure ar ticle; but in the case of molasses there need be no danger of being deceived. Ture molasses is very much more ex pensive than tho mixed article. The reason why it is difficult to obtain from the retailers is the unalterable ' propensity of the average American to discriminate in favor of the cheaper article, providing its appearance is sat isfactory. The average consumer will buy the mixed article every time In preference'' to the pure article. The mixing of molasses, has therefore been actually forced upon the distributors -first, by the altered system of manu facture on plantations, and, second, by the unwillingness of consumers to pay the price of the pure article.-New Orleans Picayune. Pretty Wives and Their Spouses. Every man with a pretty wife will 8ympa\hlze with our esteemed neigh bor, Mr. Ungericht, in his objection to social functions that involve promis cuous kissing of all the guests. The compensation a man in his position gets in such affairs is entirely inade quate-Indianapolis News. Italian macaroni is no longer made by hand, but by machinery. I Their Daugl BY EMMA "Your last day? Dear, dear, must you go today, Harvey?" said Mrs. See ly, looking across the breakfast table at her son, with affectionate concern. And her daughters Kitty and Mar gery echoed her words. "Couldn't you have got off for an other week?" said his father, break ing a hot roll carefully. "Now that you're partner, though-" "Now that I'm partner, it's hard work getting off," responded Harvey Seely. "It was all I could do-" He paused suddenly. "What was all you could do?" In quired Kitty. "Well," said Harvey, laying down his knife and fork, with a beaming smile, "here goes; Here's the news I've been saving up for you till the last, from a natural modesty. It was all I could do to get things arranged so that I could go on my wedding trip a month hence. I am going to be mar ried. Kitty's spoon fell into her saucer with a clatter, and Mr. Seely dropped his roll hastily. "Married!" said Margery breathless ly. Mrs. Seely alone remained calm. She rolled up her napkin, put it in its ring and looked at her son through her gold-bowed glasses composedly. She felt, however, that this was an important crisis. When Harvey-their only son-had, with commendable independence, left his pleasant home to "get a start" ia the neighboring city, they had ill expected great things of him. He would be rapidly successful; he would distinguish himself in the pro fession he had chosen and amass a for tune; and he would woo and win some sweet girl, with a long row f.'f ancestors-the Seelys, being them selves a good old family, were great respecters blue blood-a host of accomplishments and a heavy dowry. Their hopes had seemed likely to be fulfilled. Harvey had proved himself possessed of remarkable business qual ities; he had risen quickly, and had re cently exceeded their wildest ambi tions by being made a junior party Df his firm. All that now remained to be desire 1 was his safe conquest of the beautiful and aristocratic young person of thc;; dreams, with her many talents and substantial inheritance. It is not to be wondered at. there fore, that the girls were trembling with eagerness; that Mr. Seely fumbled with his watch chain in nervous sus pense, and that Mrs. Seely opened her lips twice before she found strength ti on: "Who is she?" "She is a Miss Dora Berdan at pres ent," said Harvey smilingly. "Berdan?" Mrs. Seely repeated, and raised her brows inquiringly. "I don't think I have heard of the family." "Not at all likely," Harvey rejoined. "They are quiet leople." "Berdan!" Mrs. Seely repeated, musingly. "No; I have not heard of them. Where do they live?" "In Weyman street," responded Harvey. Mrs. Seely fell back in- her chair with a little gasp; her husband turned a dismayed face upon his son; and Kitty and Margery gave little screams. "Weyman street! It was miles from the region of aristocracy; it was peopled with working girls, and seam stresses and small shopkepers: with street venders and old apple-wome 1 for all the Seelys knew. "Not Weyman street, Harvey?" said his father, appealingly. "Certainly; Weyman street," Har vey repeated. "But she is not-she cannot be of good family, living in Weyman street?" said Mrs. Seely, anxiously. "The family is quite respectable," her son responded, quietly. "Dora's mother is a widow. She sews for a 'or-p-goods house, and Dora has been assistant bookkeeper in our estab lishment; that is how I met her. Mrs. Seely groaned. "A bookkeeper-a seamstress!" she ejaculated. "Oh, Harvey, you couid not have done worse!" "A penniless girl!" said his father, solemnly. "And after all we have hoped for you! No; it could not be worse." "A common working-girl!" said Kitty, in a choking voice. "And everybody will know it! Oh, Harvey, it couldn't be worse!" The young man looked from one to another in astonished, hurt and half contemptuous silence. Margery turned to him, with a gen tle sympathy mingling with the dismay in her face. "Perhaps," she said, hopefully "perhaps there is something to make up? Perhaps she is a wonderful beauty, or a great genius, or some thing?" Harvey gave her a grateful smile. "I think her pretty, of course," he said. "But I suppose that's because I'm fond of her. I don't think she would be called a beauty. And as for genuis-she's very clever at accounts; but she doesn't sing, or paint, or any thing of that sort. She's never had the time or money for such things, poor girl!" But Margery had turned away with an impatient gesture. "There is nothing, then," she said, despairingly. "No; it couldn't be worse!" Harvey rose from his seat, with an energy which set thc bell in the castor jingling. "This is absurd" he sai'1 indignantly. "It is moro than absurd; it is unjust and narrow-minded. How sensible-pre sumably sensible people," Harvey corrected, rather bitterly, "can say, in regard to a person they have never seen, that 'it could not be worse/ is past my comprehension." "We will not talk of it," said Mrs. S?cly. holding up a restraining hand. "Discussion will not mend matters. And you are to be married next month?" i?er-in-Law. A. OPPER. "On the ninth/' Harvey rejoined. "Of course you will all be there?" he added, rather dubiously. "By no means!" said his father, shortly. "You could hardly expect it," said Mrs". Seely, reproachfully. "Very well; 'if Mohammed won't come-' You've heard the observa tion. We shall pay you a visit imme diately on our return from our wed ding tour, with your kind permission. You must know Dora." When he left the house, an hour later, he had the required permission. His mother and the girls had even" kissed him good-by, in an injured and reproachful way; and his father had shaken hands, coolly. But his ears still rang with that odious assertion, "It could not be worse!" and he was thoughtful all the way back to the city. n. The Seelys were in a state of sub dued excitement. Harvey's wedding tour was com pleted ; and they had received a tele gram that afternoon to the effect that he would be "on hand" tonight, with | his new wife. The dining-room table was set for dinner; and Mrs. Seely wandered from one end of it to the other, ner vously. Her husband sat under the chande lier with his evening newspaper; but he was not reading it. Kitty and Margery fluttered about uneasily, watching through the window for the carriage from the railroad station. "I hope." said Margery, with a ner vous attempt at cheerfulness, "that she will be barely decent-present able. Think of the people who will cail! I hope she won't be worse than we're preparod to see her." "She couldn't be," said Mrs. Seely, dismally. There was a roll of wheels, and the twinkle of the carriage-lamp at the door, and the bell rang sharply. Kitty and Margery clasped hands in sympathetic agitation; Mr. Seely dropped his newspaper and arose; and Mrs. Seely advanced toward the hall door with dignity. It opened wide before she could reach it. and Harvey entered, his face suffused with genial, blissful smiles. "This is my wife." he said, proudly. "My mother, Dora; my father; my sisters Kitty and Margery!" And, with a caressing touch, he took by the hand and led forward among them What? Mr. Seely gazed with startling eyes; Mrs. Seely dropped the hand she had i startup to hold tul, witt hop ftioo* growing ashy, and Kitty and Margery gasped. For what they saw was a woman of. apparently 40 years, with a face powdered and painted in the most un blushing manner, with thin gray hair crimped over a wrinkled forehead in a sickening affectation of youthfulness, and with a diminutive, gaily-trimmed bonnet perched thereon; with an af fected, mincing gait and a simpering smile. "This is my wife," Harvey repeated. "Have you no welcome for her?" The bride tittered. "Mebbe they think I ain't good enough for 'em. dear?" she observed, tartly. "Impossible, my pet," Harvey re sponded; and patted her falsely blooming cheek affectionately. "Be sides, if you were but a shadow-a caricature of your beautiful self, they would not have been surprised. They were prepared for the worst." He looked at his horrified relatives meaningly. The truth of his words flashed over them. Yes, they had all said, repeatedly, that "it could not be worse." But this wretched, wrinkled, bedizened creature-had they dreamed of this? Harvey watched them with an un disturbed smile-his father, turning away at last and rubbing his forehead with his handkerchief weakly; Mrs. Seely, gazing at her daughter-in-law with a dreadful fascination, and the girls, sinking into chairs in dismayed silence. "Well, mother." said Harvey, light ly, "of course a new addition to the family is an object of interest; but don't forget that I have an appetite, and getting murried has rather im proved it. Tak" off jour bonnet, my own. Here, Kitty!" Kitty came forward with a set face and tightly-closed lips, to receive the marvelous combination of beads and silk flowers held out to her with a disgusting air of sprightliness. She was afraid to trust herself to speak. Poor Mrs. Seely, sick at heart, had made her way to the bell and rang it, and dinner came down presently. "Turtle soup!" the bride observed, looking round the table with a girlish smile; "ain't nothing I admire so! Just pass that celery, father-in-law. Delicious! ain't it, darling?" "Extremely, my dear," said the bridegroom, complacently. Ignorant and vulgar! What dread ful things would they discover next? It was an evening they never for got. The unfortunate parents sat with pale faces and unsteady hands, star ing into their empty plates, or looking at each other with fresh horror at each simpering, senseless, ungram matical remark of their terrible daugh ter-in-law. Kitty and Margery excused them selves during the second course, and flew to their rooms to cry themselves to sleep, in an agony of dismay and mortification. "I shan't think of setting up," said the bride, rising from the table with an apologetic giggle, and with the last of her dessert held aloft. "I'm too wore out. If anybody calls-o' eourse everybody'll call-just tell 'em I'll see 'cm tomorrow. Come on, dear!" And she tripped up stairs, with a juvenile nod over her shoulder, and with her beaming young husband"fol lowing. Mrs. Seely wrung her hands despair* ingly. "We said it could not be worse," she said, faintly. "But this! How shall we endure it?" "I shall not endure it!" said her L?sband; his face had grown almost careworn during the last two hours. "I shall send them packing tomorrow, and if ever he enters my house again-" .He brought his hand down on the table threateningly. "But that will not help matters," said his ' wife, miserably. "He ls ruined; we are disgraced; and every body will know it. There was a silence. "I had pictured her to myself," said Mrs.. Seely, beginning to sob, "as a y?u'ng girl-a person of suitable ago for my poor, misguided hoy, decently educated, and at least a lady. And even then, when I did not doubt that lt-was such a one he had chosen, I thought myself the most unhappy creature in the world, because she had not wealth and an old name. Surely it is a judgment upon us. Oh, was there ever so dreadful a thing?" .?:*"P/obably not/' said her husband, grimly. It was a solemn group which waited in the dining-room, next morning, for the appearance of the newly-wedded couple. '..i?There were marks of a tossing night on every face-in troubled brows, swollen lids and pale cheeks and a general gloom prevailed. Mr. Seely stood in front of the fire place, watching the half-door with a st?rn ?ace. * He was master in his own house at least, and he was determined that lt should not be disgraced by his son's wife for another hour. "Please get them away before any body comes, papa!" said Kitty. "It wbiild be dreadful if anybody were to see her!" "Dreadful!" Margery echoed, with a groan. i There were footsteps on the stairs. Mrs. Seely turned with a shiver, and the girls caught their breath. % .[.The hall door opened. Tr?e waiting group looked up slow ly. Would she not be still more terri ble in the broad daylight-that artifi cial, simpering horror? ;But it was not the sight they were prepared to see which the open door disclosed; it was not a paint?d pow dered semblance of a woman who came in slowly, with a timid smile and downcast eyes. ? .* It was a slender, sweet-faced young lady, with shining brown hair crown ing a charming head, peachy cheeks, in which the color came and went, and soft, dark eyes, which studied the carpet In pretty timidity; with dainty, .suppered feet, and a lace-trimmed wrapper, fitting snugly to a perfect ,??rm. < "Good morning," she said, gently. ?iiLJfffl^ev^had followed ber closely._ "Well, Dora," he said, looking from ene to another of his speechless rela tives, quizzically, "they don't seem in clined to speak to you." But Margery had come toward her hastily, and seized both of her hands. "Was it you all thc time?" cried Margery, joyfully. "And the gray hair was false? and the wrinkles were put on, and all that dreadful powder? Oh, Harvey, how could you?" "I begged him not to." said the pretty bride, raising her dark eyes sweetly. "I told him it was cruel; and such a time as I had, saying all those shocking things he had taught me, and keeping my wig straight, and trying not to laugh! Shall you ever forget U3?" "Forgive you! Oh, my depr!" cried Mrs. Seely, incoherently. And she hurried forwaru, with a sob of Joy, and embraced her daugh ter-in-law wildly. "It was rather rough," said Harvey, gaily. "I felt like a villain when I saw the way you all took it. But you know what you said, every one of you-that it 'couldn't be worse.' I thought I'd demonstrate to you that It could. Dora is 19 instead of 40; she can speak correctly when she makes an effort; and I can heart ily recommend her for a 'willing and obliging,* good-tempered and thorough ly capable girl-the sweetest in the world." Mr. Seely left the fireplace and came' and clasped his daughter-in-law in his'?rms, with'a beaming face, and Kitty kissed her effusively. "It was a dreadful lesson," said Mrs. Seely, looking up with a tearful smile; "but I am afraid we needed it, my son."-Saturday Night. Musical Sounds from Sands. Perhaps the most interesting experi ence of musical sands is that recorded by Kinglake in his journey across the desert. He says: '*As I drooped my head under the sun's fire and closed my eyes against the glare that surrounded me, I slowly fell asleep-for how many minutes or moments I cannot tell; but after a while I was gently awakened by a peal of church bells-my native bells -the innocent bells of Marlen, that never before sent their music beyond the Blagdon hills! My first idea natur ally was that I still remained fast under the power of a dream. I roused myself and drew asido the silk that covered my eyes and plunged my bare face into the light. Then, at least, I was well enough awakened; but still those old Marlen bells rang on. not ringing for joy, but properly, prosily, steadily, merrily ringing for church. After a while the sound died away slowly." Kinglake thought he had been the victim of a hallucination; but it ls probable that he heard actual musical sounds, either Issuing from the rocks beneath thc sand, or caused by the friction of the particles of sand over which the travelers were walking; as in the case of a curious mountain which Darwin visited in Guiana. It is called by the natives El Bramador-01 the Bellower-because of the sound given forth when the sand covering it is put in motion.-Chambers' Jour nal. AV lion n M .-in ls Shocked. The average girl may not be sur prised when a man proposes to her, but it's, a terrible shock to the average man when the girl accepts.-New York Press. BUILDING THE CANADIAN PACIFIC. How Van Horne Met 200 Miles of Encl? neerhif* Impossibilities. "Students of latter day Canadian history like to dwell upon the Cana dian Pacific story. To them it means an epic of individual prowess, the wel fare of a strong man-strong mentally and physically-against almost insur mountable obstacles. "Within six weeks of his appoint ment William Van Horne made his presence felt. When the enemies of the road began to decry the building of the north shore section-that along the upper end of Lake Superior-Van Horne promptly advocated the reten tion of the original plan, and insisted that an all-Canadian line was abso lutely necessary. His opinions, back ed by the extraordinary influence he had ?lready commenced to exercise over his asecciates. were accepted, and he plunged into tbe work with all the strength of his iron nature. His first task was to attack the wilder ness on the north of Lake Superior. "Twelve thousand railroad navvies, and from 1500 to 2000 teams of horses were set to work, involving the use of a dozen steamers for the transport of material and provisions. It was a small army in number, but its mo tive, creation instead of extinction, made its work of wonderful interest. The problem boldly faced by the new general manager was one calculated to daunt the most venturesome and daring spirit. In his preliminary and personal survey he had found what he afterward characterized as 200 miles of engineering impossibilities. The country it was necessary to cross wa9 a waste of forest, rock and muskeg (bog), out of which almost every mile of road was hewn, blasted, or filled up, and in places the filling-up of muskegs proved to be a most difficult task. "There were moments during the work whei?even William Van Horne's stout heart almost failed him. Dis couraging reports from surveyers and engineers, the discovery of unexpected obstacles, and the varied phases of weather, rain following cold and floods followed rain, made the task hard beyond the comprehension of or dinary men. But there was that in the old Dutch stock of the Van Hornes, and perchance, in the Amer ican spirit of the Illinois-born man, which caused him to hammer away at the problem until he finally succeeded. It is well to say in passing, that if William Van Horne had accomplished nothing else, his victory over the en gineering difficulties afforded by the line along Lake Superior's north shore would give him fame enough for one man. While the work of constructing the Lake Superior north coast line was progressing other portions of the great systems were receiving the at tention of the tireless general man ager and his assistants. The Rocky mountains, that formidable barrier of interminable snow" peaks, had to "De pierced. "To those who have traveled over the Canadian Pacific from Montreal to Vancouver the feat of building even a single track railroad under such conditions and through such a mar velous country is almost past under standing. The obstacles presented along the north shore fade into insig nificance when compared with those encountered after entering the majes tic Rockies. Every conceivable en gineering problem was encountered and overcome. Trestles, bridges, cuts and fills without number were em . ployed, and to achieve all this money was spent with a liberal hand. I* ad ilk? campaigning in a hostile r untry. To .-out the forces of nature called for a fist army of men. and this army re quired a commissary corps as efficient as one accompanying a military body. Pick and shovel, dynamite and.blast ing powder, formed the weapons of offense; temporary rails and engines the transportation; great hordes of Chinese and Indians the rank and file; intrepid and skillful Canadian. Eng lish and American engineers the staff, and at the head of it all, the general-in-chief, was William Van Horne, the Illinois boy, who, 20 years before, had started in his railroad career as a cub telegraph operator." H. H. Lewis, in Ainslee's Magazine. Stumbled on the Phonograph. The phonograph is perhaps the most widely known of all Thomas Edi son's gifts to the world. He struck upon the idea as early as 1S77, and the first phonographs were put on the mar ket in 187S. The invention was the outgrowth of an accident. Mr. Edison had been experimenting for a long time with the telephone, his object being to discover a self-recording attachment He arranged a stylus connected with the disk of the telephone receiver, so that the point rested on a strip of tin foil, and made indentations on it corre sponding to the vibrations of the disk in the receiver. An accidental move ment of the indented foil under the stylus caused a momentary reproduc tion of the sounds. Mr. Edison at once recognized the importance of this, and set to work to avail himself of the suggestion, and before very long he had fashioned something-a very rude something, to be sure-but it bore in Its clumsy mechanism a prophecy of the dainty phonograph so widely known today.-Orange Chronicle. Tho Hird* of Zululand. The brothers Woodward, two well known Natal ornithologists, have re cently issued a valuable work on the birds of Natal and Zululand, and their account of bird life round St. Lucia Bay, in the Province of Zululand, is very interesting. Among the birds encountered were the Bateleur eagle, the standard winged nightjar, which is extremely rare in South Africa; both the pied and the brown-hooded kingfisher, and the lark-heeled cuckoo (which was remarkably tame, even coming to their tent to eat porridge thrown to it). Game birds, it seems, are very scarce, at St. Lucia; but Verreaux's guinea-fowl was abundant. Zululand has a mocking bird, scientifi cally known as Cossypha bicolor (noisy chat thrush), and the long tailed cormorant is not uncommon on the hedges of that large lagoon known as St. Lucia Bay.-Westminster Gazette. EYESIGHT OF SAVAGES. Ni) DOUBT THAT IT IS SUPERIOR TO THAT OF CIVILIZED MEN. lint Whether the Superiority Is Innate or the ICesult of Training Under n Wider Horizon Is Another Thing-Dif ferences Aro Not All on One Side. That men who can see well will learn to shoot better than men who do not see well is a fact so patent that we do not wonder Sir Redvers Bul ler's remark about the superior eye sight of the Boers attracted public at tention. He thinks, it is said, that the Boer has the "eyesight of a savage," and sees two miles further than the Englishman, and of course that fact, if it is proved, furnishes sufficient ex planation of many British mishaps in the South African campaign, and ac counts for losses of life which might otherwise be attributed to a reckless disregard of necessary precautions. But we do not quite understand the deduction so generally drawn from Sir Redvers' statement that savage eye sight is naturally better than the eye sight of civilised men. Why should it be better? There is no difference of structure in the eyeball, and the difference in health is rather in frvor of the civilized man. The latter no doubt very often loses something of the keenness of his sight from much reading and the -oe of artificial light, but Tommy Atkins is no philosopher, reads little more than the savage, and burns no midnight oil. The truth is the Boer, like the sav age, habitually trains his eye, as the sailor does, to look Into the far dis tance, and aco.uires from that train ing, and the habit of close attention to all signs of movement on the part of his quarry, a power of quick percep tion which seems to those without it almost miraculous. He sees game or an enemy minutes before Tommy can, just as the sailor sees a sail or a smoke minutes before a landsman can, but there is no difference of ori ginal or natural powers. Tommy could be trained, if we took sufficient trouble to train him and allowed suffi cient time, just as well as the Boer, and very often is trained when he is a gamekeeper, or in any other way de pendent upon the acuteness of his sight. Let any one who doubts this just take a walk with an ornitholo gist, and remark what the latter sees, and at what distance, when compared with himself. The matter is of some interest, not only because the private soldier has to be taught to shoot as well as any ene my, but because it bears upon the very large question whether civiliza tion necessarily diminishes the phy sical powers of the average human be ing. If it does, that is a great draw back to civilization, because it pre cludes the hope of man ever develop ing ? kind of aristocracy with tb? -powers of both body and mind in creased to a point far .beyond present experience. That is the dream, the rather lofty dream as it seems to us, ; of the dons who foster athletics as well as reading in their pupils; but if the reading spoils physical as much as it develops mental power, that is a dream impossible of realization. But does study necessarily have the effect of spoiling sinews? That it does so is a very natural idea, because the savage seems so much more agile, and ls. besides, trained by his mode of life, which the civilized man is not; but we do not know that there is any solid evidence for the notion. " big, black, bounding beggar," as Rudyard Kipling called him, can outrun the citizen, or outwalk him in a long march, or throw him in a wres tle for life, but the trained runner will outstrip the savage, the gamekeeper will walk with him till he drops from fatigue, and the Cumberland wrestler will like nothing better than to throw him over his head. The whole differ ence is that the savage is always, from the habits of his life, in a condition which the citizen only reaches after weeks of careful training have re stored him to the full exercise of his natural powers. Just give a savage who has never been accustomed to carry weight, say a red Indian of the North American forest, the weight to carry under which the British soldier habitually marches, and see which of them will give out first, though the savage has even then the advantage of having walked every day to his full power all his life. If it were not so, man as an animal would differ from all other animals, for it is notorious that no wild horse can keep pace with a racer and no wild dog can escape a hound. The Kanaka, it is true, of the South Seas, can usually swim much farther than any civilized man, but then what civilized man passes half his life in swimming in water just warm enough to give his lungs fair play? There is, we admit, one faculty in which the savage appears hopelessly to distance his rival. He retains, or appears to retain, the superior sense of smell, which belongs to so many animals, or perhaps, in different de grees, to all, detecting, for example, the odor of water or of land from a great distance; but then smell is the one sense which the civilized man, it may be from an instinct of self-de fence, never cultivates at all, but per mits to die unused. It is of course possible that in a clear, dry air like that of South Africa the eye acquires a certain keenness which is wanting to the eye used for generations to a humid atmosphere; but that, if it oc curs, is not due to any defect imposed by the conditions of civilization. It is more like the extra thickness of skull which enables the negro to resist the direct rays of an African sun without discomposure or brain disease. The truth is, we believe, that civil ized man when cultivated up to a cer tain point acquires a latent spite against civilization, as essentially based upon a system of rather weari some restrictions. He longs for more freedom, or, as he calls it, simplicity of life, and, being half inclined to revert to savagery, wishes to credit the savage with all the attractiveness he can. So strong was this feeling in the last century that the "state of na ture," which is really the state of tho brutes, was represented through an entire literature as worthy of admira tion. Serious thinkers, in France es pecially, actually believed in tho "noble" savage, and even in some in stances ventured to paint him as the "geltlest" of human beings. He is, as a matter of fact, neither gentle nor noble. Allowing, of course, for a very few individual exceptions, he is more capricious, revengeful, listful, and cruel than the lowest of the civilized tribes, with the addtion of a callous ness like that of Fiji King Thakom bau, who used to launch his new war boats by running them to the water over the bodies of his slaves, whom the weight of the boats disembowelled as they passed. He is usually treacher ous, partly, it may be, from incapacity for continuous thought, and always greedy, while he is almost without ex ception more inclined to drunkenness than the least abstinent of the civil ized races.-London Spectator. A RACE FOR A MINE. A Midwinter Dash to Locate the Xa 1 leur Mine. "An exciting race for a mine took place in February, 1896. For many yeai*s it had been known that the Col ville Indian reservation was rich in minerals, and prospectors had slipped in, eluding the vigilance of the Indian police, to explore the mountains in northern Washington. But long be fore white ..men had entered the In dians knew that the top of a low mountain near Oe^J^iojn/s border line was covered with bright-hJJJjj_ stones, so gaudy that many were car ried off and placed in the wigwams. The prospectors knew that these gay stones betokened the existence of cop per veins, and many a hungry eye was cast at that rock-strewn patch of ground before the government lifted the ban that kept out paleface in truders. "But congress passed a law opening part of the reservation to mineral lo cation. "Waiting for the president to sign the formal proclamation, two parties quietly entered the forbidden territory and camped alongside the promising vein. At Marcus, the nearest tele graph station, two young men waited with tense nerves for the first tick that would tell that the president had signed the proclamation. It was a cold, gray winter day, and the snow was piled high. Late in the afternoon the word came, and there was a simul taneous dash for the horses that were waiting outside. Then the race began. Plunging through drifts, tumbling down declines, toiling desperately up steep hills and bounding at full speed over the level stretches." these two horses bore their riders. Sometimes _u._o __J --">?moq the not wait a furtner mut, UUL U4W.^ tLz stakes that were to locate the La Fleur mine. "Then followed wordy disputes, fist fights and the flourishing of Winches ters, but before the mine was chris tened with blood, one party concluded to withdraw and fight its battle in the courts."-Eugene B. Palmer, in Ainslee's Magazine. QUAINT AND CURIOUS. It seems paradoxical to speak of be ing drowned in grain. But a man in Brooklyn a few days ago fell into an elevator chute and was soon sub merged, and before he could be dug out he was suffocated. In bread-making on an expensive scale less than a third of the time is now taken. One thousand pounds of dough for biscuits is rolled, cut and prepared for baking in three hours and 54 minutes, as against 54 hours by hand. There is in Paris a hotel which has 4000 employes. The smallest kettle in its kitchen contains 100 quarts and the largest 500. Each of 50 roasting pans is big enough for 300 cutlets. Every dish for baking potatoes holds 225 pounds. When omelets are on the bill of fare 7S00 eggs are used at once. For cooking alone GO cooks and IOU assistants are always at the ranges. At a gathering of old folks in the town of Claremont. Mass., the other day, the chairman called upon all present, who were over 70 years of age to arise, and 72 responded. He then asked all those who were over 80 to stand up, and there were 12 who had passed that limit. A similar call for all over the age of 90 brought four members of the gathering to their feet. Three weights not long ago found on the site of the ancient Forum at Rome supply an accurate record of the Roman standard for two centuries before our era. The weights, which are of dark groen marble with bronze handles, represent respectively 20, 30 and 100 Roman pounds, and show that the ancient Latin pound was exactly 325 grammes, or a little less than three-quarters of a pound avoirdupois. New Varieties of Apples. ? For all the great number of varie ties of apples that have been named and distributed very few in compari son have proved general favorites. There is still room at the top, as they say of the learned professions. Those who 'lave large apple orchards and have still a little ground to spare, might well let a dozen or two seed ling apples grow up to bear fruit. If they proved of less importance than others already thought worthy of a name, they could soon be turned into profit by top-grafting with desirable kinds.-Meehans' Monthly. When an Indian May Vote. An Indian may not vote as long as he remains a member of a tribe, but if he gives up his tribal relations and becomes a citizen he may vote under the same conditions as any other citi zen.