L. C. HAYNK, Pres't F. G. FORD, Cashier.
Undivided Profits } ?110,000.
Facilities ot our magnificent New Vnnlt
[containing 410 Safety-Lock Boros. Differ
?ont Sizes are offered*to our patrons and
the public at 53.00 to 810.00j>er annum.
|L. C. Hayne,
Ciias, C. Howard,
THOS. J ADAMS PROPRIETOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 20. 1901.
f%? Our fall stock is now ready
" Diamonds, Fine Jewelry,
^jj^ Siller Ware, Plated Ware,
^\ Give ns a call when in the city.
* WM. SCHWEB
Jackson Street, Near 1
LACES, BHBROIDERIES, HOSIEI
AGENCY FOR JOUVIN'5 <
CORSETS AND BUD
EVE-Ry MAM HI
By J. ?31711110
A 600-page Illustrated Book, containir
faining to diseases of the human sysi
cure with simplest of medicines. !
courtship and marriage; reariug
sides valuable prescriptions, re
facts in materia medica that e
This most indispensable adjunct to e
mailed, postpaid, to any address,
ATLANTA PUBLISHING ?
MEN WHO HAVE WON IN SPITE
OF EVERY OBSTACLE.
The Leaders in the House Havo Had to
Fi?ht Their Wav-Richest Representa
tive was a Mir^ Boy at Seventy-five
Cents a Day.
"The richest man in the House of
Representatives at Washington is
Connell, of Pennsylvania, who Las ac
cumulated over $10,000.000, and who
?item. orincoAS?ttf ,?Scr.
A d.ay- Connell is a coal operator
-one of the largest in the United
States. Fifty year's ago he was
dirking In the mines as a driver-boy
at v\ cents a day. Closely approach
ing him are Levy, of New York? the
owner of Monticello, who inherited his
weath. and Sprague. of Massachusetts,
who acquired his by marriage. Other
rich men in the House, some of whom
are in the millionaire class, are Sib
ley, of Pennsylvania: Stewart, of Wis
consin; Hitt. of Illinois; Cannon, of
Illinois; Dalzell and Adams, of Penn
sylvania; Ruppert, McClellan and
William Astor Chandler, of New York;
Babcock, of Wisconsin; Lovering, of
Massachusetts; Wadsworth, of New
York, and Burleigh, of Maine. It is
safe to say that a groat majority of
the members of the House have little
besides their salaries..although there
are few of them who could not earn
more than their salaries if they were
to retire from Congress and devote
themselves to their profession.
"With comparatively few exceptions,
both Senators and Representatives
started in life as poor boys. Perkins,
of California, was a cabin boy, shipped
before the mast when 12 years old,
and followed the sea for 12 years.
Stewart, of Nevada, was a stage-driv
^er. Thurston, of Nebraska, supported
.'niself as a boy in Vermont by farm
v.^~">und by driving teams. Neecl
hamT^f California, was born in an
emigrant wagon somewhere in Ne
vada. He is one of the youngest
members of tue House. Adamson, of
Georgia, worked on a farm and hauled
. goods and cotton. Lorimer, of Illi
nois, who, while still under 40 years, is
supreme in the Republican politics of
Chicago, was a bootblack and car
driver." Cusak, of Illinois, was a
sign-painter. Smith, of Illinois, work
ed his way through college from a
blacksmith shop. Robinson, of In
diana, was a newsboy, a.'.d worked in
a shop from the time hu was fifteen
till he was twenty. Haugen, of Iowa,
began to earn his own living at 14, and
when he was 18 had bought a farm.
Hepburn, of Iowa, was a printer. So
were Heatwole, of Minnesota; Young,
of Pennsylvania, and Amos Cum
mings, of New York. Weeks, of
Michigan, had to buy books and study
law through the intervals of teaching
school. Brownlow, of Tennessee,
earned his own living when ten years
old. He was a tinner and a locomo
tive engineer. De Graffenreid, of Tex
as, was a brakeman. Otjen was fore
man in a rolling mill. Mercer, of
Nebraska, taught school, clerked in ?
store, worked on a farm and edited a
newspaper. Robinson, of Nebraska,
worked as a mechanic in a hinge fac
tory. Gardner, of New Jersey, was a
waterman. Daly, of the same state,
was a moulder by trade. Spaulding,
of North Dakota, left home at eleven
to earn his own living. Ryan, of
Pennsylvania, was employed about the
coal mines as a mule-driver. Graham,
of Pennsylvania, was employed in a
brass foundry and enlisted at 17.
Breazeale, of Louisiana, clerked in a
dry-goode store while studying law.
Wheeler, of Kentucky, worked on a
farm summers and attended school
winters. Baker, of Maryland, work
ed on a farm until he was 32. H. C.
Smith, of Michigan, worked on a farm
and in factories, and after he entered
college did chores for farmers for his
board, teaching school In vacation.
William Alden Smith was a page in
the Legislature. Tawney, of Minne
sota, a leading member of the Ways
for inspection. Watches, AV
Cut Glass, Clocks, Sterling
Fancy Goods, Etc,
Write for our new Catalogne. /|\
P & CO., Jewelers.
Broadway, Augusta, Oa.
RY, WHITE GOODS, LINENS, ETC.
3LOVE5, AMERICAN LADY
S OW/N DOeTOK.
?n Ayers, M. D.
ig valuable information por
tera, showing how to treat and
The book contains analysis of
; and management of children, be
cipes, etc., with a full complement of
veryone should know,
very well-regulated household will b?
on receipt of price, SIXTY CENTS.
-irH ICC HO LOYD STRKET,
lUUOC, ATLANTA, GA
and Means Committee, was a black
smith and machinist until he began to
study law. Champ Clark worked as a
hired farm hand, clerked in a country
store, edited a country newspaper,
and practiced law. So the list might
be continued. The men who Lave
made records In Congress have had to
fight their way."-L. A. Coolidge, in
The B.'ame Placed Upon People who Wa:
The fact of the matter is that all
this cry about adulterated molasses
has somewhat befogged the public on
this interesting topic. They have come
to believe that the molasses producers
in Louisiana have ruined their indus
try by adulterating their product with
glucose, and even worse, by using
hurtful chemicals. This is not the
case at all. The producers, or planters,
as they call them in this part of the
world, still make the Simon- Turo ar
ticle as of old. but as the supply of
the tine old-time sugar house or kettle
molasses is necessarily small, it is
high priced, and the consuming public
will not pay the price in competition
with the fine-colored, adulterated, but
cheaper article. Jobbers no longer de
sire to handle the pure kettle molasses,
because their customers will not pay
the cost when they cnn buy the mixed
article for almost half the price. Any
one who is willing to pay the price
can buy all the pure molasses he wants
from first hands in New Orleans.
There was a time when larpe quanti
ties of rich kettle molasses were made
in this state in the.old-style sugar
houses. This rich molasses represent
ed the waste of a considerable portion
of the sugar product. The tendency
in recent years has been to extract all
the sugar possible from the, cane juice,
and modern sugar factories extr:Vt
such a large proportion of sugar that
the molasses by-product is no longer
the rich sugar-house article, except
in the case of a few-old-fashioned
factories where the kettle process is
still in use.
The great bulk of the moLisses now
marketed from the plantations is a
comparatively low grade by-product of
indifferent color and inferior in sac
charine strength. A very large pro
portion of this molasses would not be
acceptable to consumers in its crude
or original state, hence the practice
of mixing it with glucose to improve
its appearance and render it merchant
able commenced. This mixing of mo
lasses is quite d's!?net from the cus
tom of bleaching, in which t'.ie chemi
cals are used, the deleterious effect
of which has been much discussed.
Molasses mixed with glucose, although
it is certainly an inferior article com
pared with pure sugar-house molasses
or can syrup, is yet entirely wholesome.
It is certainly a bad practice to sell
a mixed article in lieu of a pure ar
ticle; but in the case of molasses there
need be no danger of being deceived.
Ture molasses is very much more ex
pensive than tho mixed article. The
reason why it is difficult to obtain
from the retailers is the unalterable
' propensity of the average American
to discriminate in favor of the cheaper
article, providing its appearance is sat
isfactory. The average consumer will
buy the mixed article every time In
preference'' to the pure article. The
mixing of molasses, has therefore been
actually forced upon the distributors
-first, by the altered system of manu
facture on plantations, and, second, by
the unwillingness of consumers to pay
the price of the pure article.-New
Pretty Wives and Their Spouses.
Every man with a pretty wife will
8ympa\hlze with our esteemed neigh
bor, Mr. Ungericht, in his objection to
social functions that involve promis
cuous kissing of all the guests. The
compensation a man in his position
gets in such affairs is entirely inade
Italian macaroni is no longer made
by hand, but by machinery.
I Their Daugl
"Your last day? Dear, dear, must
you go today, Harvey?" said Mrs. See
ly, looking across the breakfast table
at her son, with affectionate concern.
And her daughters Kitty and Mar
gery echoed her words.
"Couldn't you have got off for an
other week?" said his father, break
ing a hot roll carefully. "Now that
you're partner, though-"
"Now that I'm partner, it's hard
work getting off," responded Harvey
Seely. "It was all I could do-"
He paused suddenly.
"What was all you could do?" In
"Well," said Harvey, laying down
his knife and fork, with a beaming
smile, "here goes; Here's the news
I've been saving up for you till the last,
from a natural modesty. It was all
I could do to get things arranged so
that I could go on my wedding trip a
month hence. I am going to be mar
Kitty's spoon fell into her saucer
with a clatter, and Mr. Seely dropped
his roll hastily.
"Married!" said Margery breathless
Mrs. Seely alone remained calm.
She rolled up her napkin, put it in
its ring and looked at her son through
her gold-bowed glasses composedly.
She felt, however, that this was an
When Harvey-their only son-had,
with commendable independence, left
his pleasant home to "get a start" ia
the neighboring city, they had ill
expected great things of him.
He would be rapidly successful; he
would distinguish himself in the pro
fession he had chosen and amass a for
tune; and he would woo and win
some sweet girl, with a long row f.'f
ancestors-the Seelys, being them
selves a good old family, were great
respecters blue blood-a host of
accomplishments and a heavy dowry.
Their hopes had seemed likely to be
fulfilled. Harvey had proved himself
possessed of remarkable business qual
ities; he had risen quickly, and had re
cently exceeded their wildest ambi
tions by being made a junior party Df
All that now remained to be desire 1
was his safe conquest of the beautiful
and aristocratic young person of thc;;
dreams, with her many talents and
It is not to be wondered at. there
fore, that the girls were trembling with
eagerness; that Mr. Seely fumbled
with his watch chain in nervous sus
pense, and that Mrs. Seely opened her
lips twice before she found strength
"Who is she?"
"She is a Miss Dora Berdan at pres
ent," said Harvey smilingly.
"Berdan?" Mrs. Seely repeated, and
raised her brows inquiringly. "I don't
think I have heard of the family."
"Not at all likely," Harvey rejoined.
"They are quiet leople."
"Berdan!" Mrs. Seely repeated,
musingly. "No; I have not heard of
them. Where do they live?"
"In Weyman street," responded
Mrs. Seely fell back in- her chair
with a little gasp; her husband turned
a dismayed face upon his son; and
Kitty and Margery gave little screams.
"Weyman street! It was miles from
the region of aristocracy; it was
peopled with working girls, and seam
stresses and small shopkepers: with
street venders and old apple-wome 1
for all the Seelys knew.
"Not Weyman street, Harvey?"
said his father, appealingly.
"Certainly; Weyman street," Har
"But she is not-she cannot be of
good family, living in Weyman
street?" said Mrs. Seely, anxiously.
"The family is quite respectable,"
her son responded, quietly. "Dora's
mother is a widow. She sews for a
'or-p-goods house, and Dora has been
assistant bookkeeper in our estab
lishment; that is how I met her.
Mrs. Seely groaned.
"A bookkeeper-a seamstress!" she
ejaculated. "Oh, Harvey, you couid
not have done worse!"
"A penniless girl!" said his father,
solemnly. "And after all we have
hoped for you! No; it could not be
"A common working-girl!" said
Kitty, in a choking voice. "And
everybody will know it! Oh, Harvey,
it couldn't be worse!"
The young man looked from one to
another in astonished, hurt and half
Margery turned to him, with a gen
tle sympathy mingling with the
dismay in her face.
"Perhaps," she said, hopefully
"perhaps there is something to make
up? Perhaps she is a wonderful
beauty, or a great genius, or some
Harvey gave her a grateful smile.
"I think her pretty, of course," he
said. "But I suppose that's because
I'm fond of her. I don't think she
would be called a beauty. And as for
genuis-she's very clever at accounts;
but she doesn't sing, or paint, or any
thing of that sort. She's never had
the time or money for such things,
But Margery had turned away with
an impatient gesture.
"There is nothing, then," she said,
despairingly. "No; it couldn't be
Harvey rose from his seat, with an
energy which set thc bell in the castor
"This is absurd" he sai'1 indignantly.
"It is moro than absurd; it is unjust
and narrow-minded. How sensible-pre
sumably sensible people," Harvey
corrected, rather bitterly, "can say, in
regard to a person they have never
seen, that 'it could not be worse/ is
past my comprehension."
"We will not talk of it," said Mrs.
S?cly. holding up a restraining hand.
"Discussion will not mend matters.
And you are to be married next
"On the ninth/' Harvey rejoined.
"Of course you will all be there?" he
added, rather dubiously.
"By no means!" said his father,
"You could hardly expect it," said
Mrs". Seely, reproachfully.
"Very well; 'if Mohammed won't
come-' You've heard the observa
tion. We shall pay you a visit imme
diately on our return from our wed
ding tour, with your kind permission.
You must know Dora."
When he left the house, an hour
later, he had the required permission.
His mother and the girls had even"
kissed him good-by, in an injured and
reproachful way; and his father had
shaken hands, coolly.
But his ears still rang with that
odious assertion, "It could not be
worse!" and he was thoughtful all the
way back to the city.
The Seelys were in a state of sub
Harvey's wedding tour was com
pleted ; and they had received a tele
gram that afternoon to the effect that
he would be "on hand" tonight, with |
his new wife.
The dining-room table was set for
dinner; and Mrs. Seely wandered
from one end of it to the other, ner
Her husband sat under the chande
lier with his evening newspaper; but
he was not reading it. Kitty and
Margery fluttered about uneasily,
watching through the window for the
carriage from the railroad station.
"I hope." said Margery, with a ner
vous attempt at cheerfulness, "that
she will be barely decent-present
able. Think of the people who will
cail! I hope she won't be worse than
we're preparod to see her."
"She couldn't be," said Mrs. Seely,
There was a roll of wheels, and the
twinkle of the carriage-lamp at the
door, and the bell rang sharply.
Kitty and Margery clasped hands in
sympathetic agitation; Mr. Seely
dropped his newspaper and arose; and
Mrs. Seely advanced toward the hall
door with dignity.
It opened wide before she could
reach it. and Harvey entered, his face
suffused with genial, blissful smiles.
"This is my wife." he said, proudly.
"My mother, Dora; my father; my
sisters Kitty and Margery!"
And, with a caressing touch, he
took by the hand and led forward
Mr. Seely gazed with startling eyes;
Mrs. Seely dropped the hand she had i
startup to hold tul, witt hop ftioo*
growing ashy, and Kitty and Margery
For what they saw was a woman of.
apparently 40 years, with a face
powdered and painted in the most un
blushing manner, with thin gray hair
crimped over a wrinkled forehead in
a sickening affectation of youthfulness,
and with a diminutive, gaily-trimmed
bonnet perched thereon; with an af
fected, mincing gait and a simpering
"This is my wife," Harvey repeated.
"Have you no welcome for her?"
The bride tittered.
"Mebbe they think I ain't good
enough for 'em. dear?" she observed,
"Impossible, my pet," Harvey re
sponded; and patted her falsely
blooming cheek affectionately. "Be
sides, if you were but a shadow-a
caricature of your beautiful self, they
would not have been surprised. They
were prepared for the worst."
He looked at his horrified relatives
The truth of his words flashed over
Yes, they had all said, repeatedly,
that "it could not be worse." But
this wretched, wrinkled, bedizened
creature-had they dreamed of this?
Harvey watched them with an un
disturbed smile-his father, turning
away at last and rubbing his forehead
with his handkerchief weakly; Mrs.
Seely, gazing at her daughter-in-law
with a dreadful fascination, and the
girls, sinking into chairs in dismayed
"Well, mother." said Harvey, light
ly, "of course a new addition to the
family is an object of interest; but
don't forget that I have an appetite,
and getting murried has rather im
proved it. Tak" off jour bonnet, my
own. Here, Kitty!"
Kitty came forward with a set face
and tightly-closed lips, to receive the
marvelous combination of beads and
silk flowers held out to her with a
disgusting air of sprightliness. She
was afraid to trust herself to speak.
Poor Mrs. Seely, sick at heart, had
made her way to the bell and rang it,
and dinner came down presently.
"Turtle soup!" the bride observed,
looking round the table with a girlish
smile; "ain't nothing I admire so!
Just pass that celery, father-in-law.
Delicious! ain't it, darling?"
"Extremely, my dear," said the
Ignorant and vulgar! What dread
ful things would they discover next?
It was an evening they never for
got. The unfortunate parents sat with
pale faces and unsteady hands, star
ing into their empty plates, or looking
at each other with fresh horror at
each simpering, senseless, ungram
matical remark of their terrible daugh
Kitty and Margery excused them
selves during the second course, and
flew to their rooms to cry themselves
to sleep, in an agony of dismay and
"I shan't think of setting up," said
the bride, rising from the table with
an apologetic giggle, and with the last
of her dessert held aloft. "I'm too
wore out. If anybody calls-o' eourse
everybody'll call-just tell 'em I'll see
'cm tomorrow. Come on, dear!"
And she tripped up stairs, with a
juvenile nod over her shoulder, and
with her beaming young husband"fol
Mrs. Seely wrung her hands despair*
"We said it could not be worse,"
she said, faintly. "But this! How
shall we endure it?"
"I shall not endure it!" said her
L?sband; his face had grown almost
careworn during the last two hours.
"I shall send them packing tomorrow,
and if ever he enters my house
.He brought his hand down on the
"But that will not help matters,"
said his ' wife, miserably. "He ls
ruined; we are disgraced; and every
body will know it.
There was a silence.
"I had pictured her to myself," said
Mrs.. Seely, beginning to sob, "as a
y?u'ng girl-a person of suitable ago
for my poor, misguided hoy, decently
educated, and at least a lady. And
even then, when I did not doubt that
lt-was such a one he had chosen, I
thought myself the most unhappy
creature in the world, because she
had not wealth and an old name.
Surely it is a judgment upon us. Oh,
was there ever so dreadful a thing?"
.?:*"P/obably not/' said her husband,
It was a solemn group which waited
in the dining-room, next morning, for
the appearance of the newly-wedded
'..i?There were marks of a tossing
night on every face-in troubled
brows, swollen lids and pale cheeks
and a general gloom prevailed.
Mr. Seely stood in front of the fire
place, watching the half-door with a
st?rn ?ace. * He was master in his own
house at least, and he was determined
that lt should not be disgraced by his
son's wife for another hour.
"Please get them away before any
body comes, papa!" said Kitty. "It
wbiild be dreadful if anybody were to
"Dreadful!" Margery echoed, with a
There were footsteps on the stairs.
Mrs. Seely turned with a shiver, and
the girls caught their breath.
% .[.The hall door opened.
Tr?e waiting group looked up slow
ly. Would she not be still more terri
ble in the broad daylight-that artifi
cial, simpering horror?
;But it was not the sight they were
prepared to see which the open door
disclosed; it was not a paint?d pow
dered semblance of a woman who
came in slowly, with a timid smile
and downcast eyes.
It was a slender, sweet-faced young
lady, with shining brown hair crown
ing a charming head, peachy cheeks,
in which the color came and went, and
soft, dark eyes, which studied the
carpet In pretty timidity; with dainty,
.suppered feet, and a lace-trimmed
wrapper, fitting snugly to a perfect
< "Good morning," she said, gently.
?iiLJfffl^ev^had followed ber closely._
"Well, Dora," he said, looking from
ene to another of his speechless rela
tives, quizzically, "they don't seem in
clined to speak to you."
But Margery had come toward her
hastily, and seized both of her hands.
"Was it you all thc time?" cried
Margery, joyfully. "And the gray
hair was false? and the wrinkles were
put on, and all that dreadful powder?
Oh, Harvey, how could you?"
"I begged him not to." said the
pretty bride, raising her dark eyes
sweetly. "I told him it was cruel;
and such a time as I had, saying all
those shocking things he had taught
me, and keeping my wig straight, and
trying not to laugh! Shall you ever
"Forgive you! Oh, my depr!" cried
Mrs. Seely, incoherently.
And she hurried forwaru, with a
sob of Joy, and embraced her daugh
"It was rather rough," said Harvey,
gaily. "I felt like a villain when I
saw the way you all took it. But
you know what you said, every one of
you-that it 'couldn't be worse.' I
thought I'd demonstrate to you that
It could. Dora is 19 instead of
40; she can speak correctly when
she makes an effort; and I can heart
ily recommend her for a 'willing and
obliging,* good-tempered and thorough
ly capable girl-the sweetest in the
Mr. Seely left the fireplace and
came' and clasped his daughter-in-law
in his'?rms, with'a beaming face, and
Kitty kissed her effusively.
"It was a dreadful lesson," said Mrs.
Seely, looking up with a tearful smile;
"but I am afraid we needed it, my
Musical Sounds from Sands.
Perhaps the most interesting experi
ence of musical sands is that recorded
by Kinglake in his journey across the
desert. He says: '*As I drooped my
head under the sun's fire and closed my
eyes against the glare that surrounded
me, I slowly fell asleep-for how many
minutes or moments I cannot tell; but
after a while I was gently awakened by
a peal of church bells-my native bells
-the innocent bells of Marlen, that
never before sent their music beyond
the Blagdon hills! My first idea natur
ally was that I still remained fast
under the power of a dream. I roused
myself and drew asido the silk that
covered my eyes and plunged my bare
face into the light. Then, at least, I
was well enough awakened; but still
those old Marlen bells rang on. not
ringing for joy, but properly, prosily,
steadily, merrily ringing for church.
After a while the sound died away
Kinglake thought he had been the
victim of a hallucination; but it ls
probable that he heard actual musical
sounds, either Issuing from the rocks
beneath thc sand, or caused by the
friction of the particles of sand over
which the travelers were walking; as
in the case of a curious mountain
which Darwin visited in Guiana. It is
called by the natives El Bramador-01
the Bellower-because of the sound
given forth when the sand covering
it is put in motion.-Chambers' Jour
AV lion n M .-in ls Shocked.
The average girl may not be sur
prised when a man proposes to her,
but it's, a terrible shock to the average
man when the girl accepts.-New
BUILDING THE CANADIAN PACIFIC.
How Van Horne Met 200 Miles of Encl?
"Students of latter day Canadian
history like to dwell upon the Cana
dian Pacific story. To them it means
an epic of individual prowess, the wel
fare of a strong man-strong mentally
and physically-against almost insur
"Within six weeks of his appoint
ment William Van Horne made his
presence felt. When the enemies of
the road began to decry the building
of the north shore section-that along
the upper end of Lake Superior-Van
Horne promptly advocated the reten
tion of the original plan, and insisted
that an all-Canadian line was abso
lutely necessary. His opinions, back
ed by the extraordinary influence he
had ?lready commenced to exercise
over his asecciates. were accepted,
and he plunged into tbe work with all
the strength of his iron nature. His
first task was to attack the wilder
ness on the north of Lake Superior.
"Twelve thousand railroad navvies,
and from 1500 to 2000 teams of horses
were set to work, involving the use
of a dozen steamers for the transport
of material and provisions. It was
a small army in number, but its mo
tive, creation instead of extinction,
made its work of wonderful interest.
The problem boldly faced by the new
general manager was one calculated
to daunt the most venturesome and
daring spirit. In his preliminary and
personal survey he had found what he
afterward characterized as 200 miles
of engineering impossibilities. The
country it was necessary to cross wa9
a waste of forest, rock and muskeg
(bog), out of which almost every mile
of road was hewn, blasted, or filled up,
and in places the filling-up of muskegs
proved to be a most difficult task.
"There were moments during the
work whei?even William Van Horne's
stout heart almost failed him. Dis
couraging reports from surveyers and
engineers, the discovery of unexpected
obstacles, and the varied phases of
weather, rain following cold and
floods followed rain, made the task
hard beyond the comprehension of or
dinary men. But there was that in
the old Dutch stock of the Van
Hornes, and perchance, in the Amer
ican spirit of the Illinois-born man,
which caused him to hammer away at
the problem until he finally succeeded.
It is well to say in passing, that if
William Van Horne had accomplished
nothing else, his victory over the en
gineering difficulties afforded by the
line along Lake Superior's north shore
would give him fame enough for one
man. While the work of constructing
the Lake Superior north coast line
was progressing other portions of the
great systems were receiving the at
tention of the tireless general man
ager and his assistants. The Rocky
mountains, that formidable barrier of
interminable snow" peaks, had to "De
"To those who have traveled over
the Canadian Pacific from Montreal
to Vancouver the feat of building even
a single track railroad under such
conditions and through such a mar
velous country is almost past under
standing. The obstacles presented
along the north shore fade into insig
nificance when compared with those
encountered after entering the majes
tic Rockies. Every conceivable en
gineering problem was encountered
and overcome. Trestles, bridges, cuts
and fills without number were em
. ployed, and to achieve all this money
was spent with a liberal hand. I* ad
ilk? campaigning in a hostile r untry.
To .-out the forces of nature called for
a fist army of men. and this army re
quired a commissary corps as efficient
as one accompanying a military body.
Pick and shovel, dynamite and.blast
ing powder, formed the weapons of
offense; temporary rails and engines
the transportation; great hordes of
Chinese and Indians the rank and file;
intrepid and skillful Canadian. Eng
lish and American engineers the
staff, and at the head of it all, the
general-in-chief, was William Van
Horne, the Illinois boy, who, 20 years
before, had started in his railroad
career as a cub telegraph operator."
H. H. Lewis, in Ainslee's Magazine.
Stumbled on the Phonograph.
The phonograph is perhaps the
most widely known of all Thomas Edi
son's gifts to the world. He struck
upon the idea as early as 1S77, and the
first phonographs were put on the mar
ket in 187S. The invention was the
outgrowth of an accident. Mr. Edison
had been experimenting for a long time
with the telephone, his object being to
discover a self-recording attachment
He arranged a stylus connected with
the disk of the telephone receiver, so
that the point rested on a strip of tin
foil, and made indentations on it corre
sponding to the vibrations of the disk
in the receiver. An accidental move
ment of the indented foil under the
stylus caused a momentary reproduc
tion of the sounds. Mr. Edison at
once recognized the importance of this,
and set to work to avail himself of the
suggestion, and before very long he
had fashioned something-a very rude
something, to be sure-but it bore in
Its clumsy mechanism a prophecy of
the dainty phonograph so widely
known today.-Orange Chronicle.
Tho Hird* of Zululand.
The brothers Woodward, two well
known Natal ornithologists, have re
cently issued a valuable work on the
birds of Natal and Zululand, and their
account of bird life round St. Lucia
Bay, in the Province of Zululand, is
very interesting. Among the birds
encountered were the Bateleur eagle,
the standard winged nightjar, which
is extremely rare in South Africa;
both the pied and the brown-hooded
kingfisher, and the lark-heeled cuckoo
(which was remarkably tame, even
coming to their tent to eat porridge
thrown to it). Game birds, it seems,
are very scarce, at St. Lucia; but
Verreaux's guinea-fowl was abundant.
Zululand has a mocking bird, scientifi
cally known as Cossypha bicolor
(noisy chat thrush), and the long
tailed cormorant is not uncommon on
the hedges of that large lagoon known
as St. Lucia Bay.-Westminster
EYESIGHT OF SAVAGES.
Ni) DOUBT THAT IT IS SUPERIOR TO
THAT OF CIVILIZED MEN.
lint Whether the Superiority Is Innate
or the ICesult of Training Under n
Wider Horizon Is Another Thing-Dif
ferences Aro Not All on One Side.
That men who can see well will
learn to shoot better than men who do
not see well is a fact so patent that
we do not wonder Sir Redvers Bul
ler's remark about the superior eye
sight of the Boers attracted public at
tention. He thinks, it is said, that the
Boer has the "eyesight of a savage,"
and sees two miles further than the
Englishman, and of course that fact,
if it is proved, furnishes sufficient ex
planation of many British mishaps in
the South African campaign, and ac
counts for losses of life which might
otherwise be attributed to a reckless
disregard of necessary precautions.
But we do not quite understand the
deduction so generally drawn from Sir
Redvers' statement that savage eye
sight is naturally better than the eye
sight of civilised men. Why should
it be better? There is no difference
of structure in the eyeball, and the
difference in health is rather in frvor
of the civilized man. The latter no
doubt very often loses something of
the keenness of his sight from much
reading and the -oe of artificial light,
but Tommy Atkins is no philosopher,
reads little more than the savage, and
burns no midnight oil.
The truth is the Boer, like the sav
age, habitually trains his eye, as the
sailor does, to look Into the far dis
tance, and aco.uires from that train
ing, and the habit of close attention to
all signs of movement on the part of
his quarry, a power of quick percep
tion which seems to those without it
almost miraculous. He sees game or
an enemy minutes before Tommy can,
just as the sailor sees a sail or a
smoke minutes before a landsman
can, but there is no difference of ori
ginal or natural powers. Tommy
could be trained, if we took sufficient
trouble to train him and allowed suffi
cient time, just as well as the Boer,
and very often is trained when he is a
gamekeeper, or in any other way de
pendent upon the acuteness of his
sight. Let any one who doubts this
just take a walk with an ornitholo
gist, and remark what the latter sees,
and at what distance, when compared
The matter is of some interest, not
only because the private soldier has to
be taught to shoot as well as any ene
my, but because it bears upon the
very large question whether civiliza
tion necessarily diminishes the phy
sical powers of the average human be
ing. If it does, that is a great draw
back to civilization, because it pre
cludes the hope of man ever develop
ing ? kind of aristocracy with tb?
-powers of both body and mind in
creased to a point far .beyond present
experience. That is the dream, the
rather lofty dream as it seems to us, ;
of the dons who foster athletics as
well as reading in their pupils; but if
the reading spoils physical as much
as it develops mental power, that is
a dream impossible of realization.
But does study necessarily have the
effect of spoiling sinews? That it
does so is a very natural idea, because
the savage seems so much more agile,
and ls. besides, trained by his mode of
life, which the civilized man is not;
but we do not know that there is any
solid evidence for the notion.
" big, black, bounding beggar,"
as Rudyard Kipling called him, can
outrun the citizen, or outwalk him in
a long march, or throw him in a wres
tle for life, but the trained runner will
outstrip the savage, the gamekeeper
will walk with him till he drops from
fatigue, and the Cumberland wrestler
will like nothing better than to throw
him over his head. The whole differ
ence is that the savage is always, from
the habits of his life, in a condition
which the citizen only reaches after
weeks of careful training have re
stored him to the full exercise of his
natural powers. Just give a savage
who has never been accustomed to
carry weight, say a red Indian of the
North American forest, the weight to
carry under which the British soldier
habitually marches, and see which of
them will give out first, though the
savage has even then the advantage of
having walked every day to his full
power all his life. If it were not so,
man as an animal would differ from all
other animals, for it is notorious that
no wild horse can keep pace with a
racer and no wild dog can escape a
hound. The Kanaka, it is true, of the
South Seas, can usually swim much
farther than any civilized man, but
then what civilized man passes half
his life in swimming in water just
warm enough to give his lungs fair
There is, we admit, one faculty in
which the savage appears hopelessly
to distance his rival. He retains, or
appears to retain, the superior sense
of smell, which belongs to so many
animals, or perhaps, in different de
grees, to all, detecting, for example,
the odor of water or of land from a
great distance; but then smell is the
one sense which the civilized man, it
may be from an instinct of self-de
fence, never cultivates at all, but per
mits to die unused. It is of course
possible that in a clear, dry air like
that of South Africa the eye acquires
a certain keenness which is wanting
to the eye used for generations to a
humid atmosphere; but that, if it oc
curs, is not due to any defect imposed
by the conditions of civilization. It is
more like the extra thickness of skull
which enables the negro to resist the
direct rays of an African sun without
discomposure or brain disease.
The truth is, we believe, that civil
ized man when cultivated up to a cer
tain point acquires a latent spite
against civilization, as essentially
based upon a system of rather weari
some restrictions. He longs for more
freedom, or, as he calls it, simplicity
of life, and, being half inclined to
revert to savagery, wishes to credit
the savage with all the attractiveness
he can. So strong was this feeling in
the last century that the "state of na
ture," which is really the state of tho
brutes, was represented through an
entire literature as worthy of admira
tion. Serious thinkers, in France es
pecially, actually believed in tho
"noble" savage, and even in some in
stances ventured to paint him as the
"geltlest" of human beings. He is, as
a matter of fact, neither gentle nor
noble. Allowing, of course, for a very
few individual exceptions, he is more
capricious, revengeful, listful, and
cruel than the lowest of the civilized
tribes, with the addtion of a callous
ness like that of Fiji King Thakom
bau, who used to launch his new war
boats by running them to the water
over the bodies of his slaves, whom
the weight of the boats disembowelled
as they passed. He is usually treacher
ous, partly, it may be, from incapacity
for continuous thought, and always
greedy, while he is almost without ex
ception more inclined to drunkenness
than the least abstinent of the civil
ized races.-London Spectator.
A RACE FOR A MINE.
A Midwinter Dash to Locate the Xa
1 leur Mine.
"An exciting race for a mine took
place in February, 1896. For many
yeai*s it had been known that the Col
ville Indian reservation was rich in
minerals, and prospectors had slipped
in, eluding the vigilance of the Indian
police, to explore the mountains in
northern Washington. But long be
fore white ..men had entered the In
dians knew that the top of a low
mountain near Oe^J^iojn/s border
line was covered with bright-hJJJjj_
stones, so gaudy that many were car
ried off and placed in the wigwams.
The prospectors knew that these gay
stones betokened the existence of cop
per veins, and many a hungry eye
was cast at that rock-strewn patch of
ground before the government lifted
the ban that kept out paleface in
"But congress passed a law opening
part of the reservation to mineral lo
"Waiting for the president to sign
the formal proclamation, two parties
quietly entered the forbidden territory
and camped alongside the promising
vein. At Marcus, the nearest tele
graph station, two young men waited
with tense nerves for the first tick
that would tell that the president had
signed the proclamation. It was a
cold, gray winter day, and the snow
was piled high. Late in the afternoon
the word came, and there was a simul
taneous dash for the horses that were
waiting outside. Then the race began.
Plunging through drifts, tumbling
down declines, toiling desperately up
steep hills and bounding at full speed
over the level stretches." these two
horses bore their riders. Sometimes
_u._o __J --">?moq the
not wait a furtner mut, UUL U4W.^ tLz
stakes that were to locate the La
"Then followed wordy disputes, fist
fights and the flourishing of Winches
ters, but before the mine was chris
tened with blood, one party concluded
to withdraw and fight its battle in
the courts."-Eugene B. Palmer, in
QUAINT AND CURIOUS.
It seems paradoxical to speak of be
ing drowned in grain. But a man in
Brooklyn a few days ago fell into an
elevator chute and was soon sub
merged, and before he could be dug
out he was suffocated.
In bread-making on an expensive
scale less than a third of the time is
now taken. One thousand pounds of
dough for biscuits is rolled, cut and
prepared for baking in three hours
and 54 minutes, as against 54 hours
There is in Paris a hotel which has
4000 employes. The smallest kettle
in its kitchen contains 100 quarts and
the largest 500. Each of 50 roasting
pans is big enough for 300 cutlets.
Every dish for baking potatoes holds
225 pounds. When omelets are on the
bill of fare 7S00 eggs are used at once.
For cooking alone GO cooks and IOU
assistants are always at the ranges.
At a gathering of old folks in the
town of Claremont. Mass., the other
day, the chairman called upon all
present, who were over 70 years of
age to arise, and 72 responded. He
then asked all those who were over
80 to stand up, and there were 12 who
had passed that limit. A similar call
for all over the age of 90 brought four
members of the gathering to their
Three weights not long ago found
on the site of the ancient Forum at
Rome supply an accurate record of
the Roman standard for two centuries
before our era. The weights, which
are of dark groen marble with bronze
handles, represent respectively 20, 30
and 100 Roman pounds, and show that
the ancient Latin pound was exactly
325 grammes, or a little less than
three-quarters of a pound avoirdupois.
New Varieties of Apples. ?
For all the great number of varie
ties of apples that have been named
and distributed very few in compari
son have proved general favorites.
There is still room at the top, as they
say of the learned professions. Those
who 'lave large apple orchards and
have still a little ground to spare,
might well let a dozen or two seed
ling apples grow up to bear fruit. If
they proved of less importance than
others already thought worthy of a
name, they could soon be turned into
profit by top-grafting with desirable
When an Indian May Vote.
An Indian may not vote as long as
he remains a member of a tribe, but
if he gives up his tribal relations and
becomes a citizen he may vote under
the same conditions as any other citi
xml | txt