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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, April 23, 1902, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026897/1902-04-23/ed-1/seq-4/

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SEW BANE CROOKS LEFT
THE BURGLAR'S INGENUITY DROVE
- HIM CUT OF BUSINESS.
Mechanical Devices Outwit Skill - Com
pelted Now lo Go Back lo and Follow
Petty Th icvi nC-The Modern Safe? IV Ul
resist Dynamite-The Electrical Alarm.
The modern burglar alana not only
renders it utterly impossible for one
to disturb a vault protected with it
without detection, but it also gives a
signal at the first attempt to raise a
window, file a bar or enter a door.
So thoroughly does it protect the de
positories of great wealth that it has
defied all of the wonderful skill of
the cracksman, until today the few
living experts of that class of crooks
are found either in abject poverty or
devoting the genius which brought
them millions twenty years ago to
the practice of crime of the most petty
character. One can scarcely fail to
notice the utter absence of great bank
robberies during the past five or ten
years. A few have been successfully
performed in that time, but with one
single exception the money was ob
tained during banking hours from the
cashier as he glanced down the bar
rel of a six-shooter. The exception
was when a stranger engaged a bank
cashier in conversation while he
hooked out a roll of bills with the aid
of a piece of wire from under the offi
cial's nose.
The electrical burglar alarm of to
day, the great modern safes, which
will even resist dynamite, are the re
sult of a series of bank robberies ex
tending over a period of twenty or
thirty years, -which were conceived
and successfully carried out by a band
of criminals, many of whom are alive
today. Strange as it may seem, these
men have driven themselves out of
business. The almost fabulous wealth
?which they stole made the invention
of mechanical devices which would
outwit their skill necessary, and they
came in the course of time, until today
a robbery like that of the Manhattan
bank or one like that of the Ocean
bank in New York city, where over
a million dollars in money and securi
ties were carried away, is wholly im
possible without collusion with the
custodians of the vaults. Even then
it is doubtful if on:* could be success
fully carried out, no matter how
.much care was employed, for experi
ments have shown that even the men
who safeguard the vaults af the great
banks of the country, by surrounding
them with a network of wires, cannot
go through these silent guardians
without giving an alarm.
Twenty years ago a bank robbery
with proceeds up in the hundreds of
thousands was possible, but could only
bo successfully carried out by men of
brains and skill, who had the patience
to study their enterprise veli before
entering upon it. Bank officials were
not one whit less vigilant in- those
days than they are now, but the brain
of the crook had gone ahead of the
brain of the honest man, a condition
hard to understand today, when the
very reverse is the fact. Few people
have any idea of the amount of study
put into a job by the cracksman be
fore any real attempt to realize is
made. One of the best living illus
trations of the old school of crooks
is Maximilian Schoenbein, better
known to the police of the world as
"Count" Max Shinburn. After defy
ing the vault and safe makers of the
world and looting banks in this coun
try and abroad for an aggregate gain
fell a victim to modern science. He j
was released not long ago from the
Clinton, N. Y., prison, after a five
years' term for robbing the Middle
burg bank, penniless, gray with age,
broken in. health and spirit. The sto
ry of the man's life is like a romance,
and is full of chapters which one finds
It hard to believe. In his prime he
?was truly the greatest criminal in the
world. Ruloff, the butcher, who
fought his way to freedom scores of
times over the bodies of his own vic
tims, excelled him in daring perhaps,
but no criminal that ever lived had
his mechanical genius.
S?inburn is a German, was taught
the trade of a machinist and lock
smith by his father, came to this
country before he was seventeen years
oIdr and had launched on a career of
crime before he was eighteen. He
had wonderful skill as a locksmith
v-:up by two noted crimi
ueorge Bliss and "Fairy" Mc
. V, iiu?i he met in a New York
fJiA w They used him in
robbing a New Jersey bank, and the
success of the venture was due pri
marily to his skill. He progressed
rapidly, and as his ability became
known in the "crook" world his ser
vices were in constant demand. He
probably engaged in twenty robberies
before his name became known to the
authorities. He had scarcely attained
his majority when he was planning
" out big robberies for himself. At that
time the o:ily safe in general use in
banks and business houses in this
country was that made by ?e Lilly
company. Shinburn figured that a
man who could master the secret of
the Lilly combination lock could loot
every Lilly safe in the country
He decided to go and work for'the
Lilly company. Bliss and McGuire
agreed to keep him in funds while he
studied. Such an expert machinist as
Shinburn had no difficulty in getting
the job he wanted. It took him over
a year to obtain all the knowledge he
needed for the successful consumma
tion of the series of robberies he had
planned, but he kept at work with pa
tience. The most important discovery
he "made at the time was that a per
son with acute hearing could, by put
ting his ear near the lock of a Lilly
safe and turning the dial, discover
at what numbers the tumblers
dropped into place. He made a care
ful study of difficult combinations,
*and is credited with a discovery that
is alleged to have driven the Lilly
safe out of the market He removed
the combination from a safe and then
placed an impressionable piece of pa
per under it. Then he turned the dial
slowly and found that whenever a
combination number was reached the
impression on the paper .became more
distinct. By using a miscroscope
Shinburn was able to tell what the
combination numbers were. With this
mas9 of valuable information Shin
burn and his associates plundered
* Lilly safes all over the country, finally
driving the Lilly company out of busi
ness. Time and again the man was
? arrested, and several convictions are
on record against him, but no prison
was ever Btrong enough to hold him
for long. With the police of the coun
try after him, Shinburn went to New
York*city and invested a large sum
of money in the stock market. Ho
was warned to fly, as the authorities
were closing in on him, but he calmly
waited to see how his investment
would turn ont. A sudden rise in the
market brought him a fortune, and
with over a million dollars of stolen
money he sailed for Belgium, with
which country the United States had
no extradition treaty at that time. He
purchased the title and estate of a
decrepit nobleman and blossomed
forth as Count Shir: urn. He spent
thousands of dollars on entertain
ments, the magnitud*? of his opera
tions on the bourse staggered the na
tive speculators, and his enormous
winings and losings were commented
on all over Europe. For fifteen years
he kept up this gait; then came a
series of misfortunes, and the great
bank burglar was penniless once
more.
. He went to Paris, met some fugitive
American crooks there and planned
the robbery of the Provincial bank at'
Vivieres, Belgium. The merest acci
dent in the.world resulted in the ar
rest of Shinburn and his pals; he was
sent to jail for five years, but escaped
in a month. Some of the big jobs
that Shinburn engaged in were the
robbery of the Lehigh and Wilkes
barre Coal company's office at White
haven, Pa., of $70,000 in cash by tun
neling his way to the vault from an
adjoining building; the robbery of the
Walpole, N. H., bank of $50,000; thc
robbery of the St. Albans, Vt., bank
of $20,000; the robbery of thc Ocean
bank on Greenwich street, New York,
o' $1,000,000 in money and securities;
the robbery of the West Maryland
bank of $25,000, and a score of others.
Shinburn has shot a dozen men, been
shot several times himself, and has
broken jail fully a dozen times. It
was over five years ago that Shinburn,
an old man then, ran up against mod
ern science. It was at the Middle
burg, N. Y.; bank. He and his asso
ciates fought their way to the door3
of the vault and had blown away ev
evry obstacle with nitro-glycerine be
fore they realized that they had set
off a burglar alarm. Shinburn escaped
on a handcar, but was arrested later
In New York city.
Chauncey Johnson, a man who stole
over $2,000,000 in his time, died pen
niless not "long ago while serving a
term in prison for stealing a pocket
book from a woman in a New York
city book store. He took the pocket
book because he was in genuine need.
In his time he was one of the most
skilful and successful thieves in the
country, but the field for his peculiar
talents had disappeared. He stole
$100,000 from the Hatter's bank at
Bethel, Conn., and $400,000 from the
Marine National bank. In 1863 he
walked Into a Philadelphia bank and
with a long steel wire hauled $14,000
out through the paying teller's win
dow right under the official's nose.
He took it in three packages and
wasn't detected until he had the third
package almost out. In 1867 . he
walked into August Belmont's office at
Wall and William streets, New York,
sauntered past clerks and office boys,
reached Mr. Belmont's desk, took $25,
000 worth of government bonds from
lt, put them in his pocket and walked
out again. A month after this he
walked into the office of the Adams
Express company in New York just
as the cashier was leaving his cage
to go to luncheon. He slid in the cage
as the cashier went out, put on the
latter's office hat and duster, and
while pretending to work over some
books, rifled the cash drawer and safe
of $10,000. He walked into a New
York bank one morning and notified
the bookkeeper that he had been dis
charged and that he (Johnson) had
been employed in his place. While
the indignant bookkeeper went to see?,
the president about the matter ijjtfS
similar exhibition of nerve Johnson
robbed a number of hotel safes while
the clerks were on duty but a few
feet away. But his face became
known, and it finally became a police
custom to arrest him every time he
appeared on the street. Prisen life
had robbed him of his wonderful
nerve, and he deseen Jed tb the petty
crimes of the street, pocket picking,
etc. An almost similar case is that
of Edward Rice, better known as Big
Fd Rice. He was last arrested for
stealing a pocketbook from a woman
In a 23d street car in New York city.
Once or twice before that he had been
accused ol picking pockets, Tiut the
crimes could not be fastened on him.
When convicted of the street car rob
bery Rice broke down and confessed
that he had turned pickpocket be
cause there was nothing else for him
to do. The only money he had for
over a year was whaf he could raise
by pawning the scarfpins, watches
and articles of jewelry" he had stolen
from men and women in street
crowds. This confession from a man
who, with his associates, had stolen
millions in his time was interesting.
Next to Shinburn he was regarded as
the most dangerous bank robber in
the country.
Around the country today there are
probably a score of other crooks who
thrived and made fortunes by their
nerve and skill in the :>a'my days
of the cracksman. But their day has
passed, and every year two or three
of them are picked up for some triflng
crime that fifteen or twenty years ago
they would have scorned to thin.? of
committing. Electricity and the mod
ern safe have driven them to the wall.
Gradually they are dying off.-Wash
ington Star.
Tho Episcopal Temper Tried.
A certain bishop, remarkable for hts
precise and dignified bearing, was
once sitting in thc studio of an emi
nent artist as a living model for his
own portrait. Perfect silerce reigned
for a whole hour, while the knight of
the palate diligently went on with his
work. At last the Bishop, becoming
weary of the dreary monotony, ven
tured to remark:
"How are you getting on?"
Absent-mindedly the artist replied:
"Move your head a little that way
and shut your mouth!"
His lordship, annoyed at the appar
ent discourtesy, then said:
"May I ask you why you address mo
In this manner?"
Still absorbed in his work, the artist
unconcernedly answered:
"I want to take off a little of your
cheek."-Tid-Bits.
A Keal Philosopher.
A Battersea workingman was once
possessed of a notoriously bad tem
pered wife, who did not scruple, when
the flt seized her, to lay violent hands
upon her patient spouse. One fine
day he was observed by a friend, who
saw him entering a crockery shop lad
en with an armful of cups and sau
cers.
"Hello, John!" he cried. "Selling up
your home?"
"No," responded John, "but I really
couldn't stand the expense any longer.
These here ones break into little bits
at once when my wife throws 'em at
me, and so I'm going to change them
for thicker!"-London Answers.
It's all well enough to take things
Into your own hands, provided they -
don't belong to someone else;
AT A FANCY BALL.
She-What are you?
He-I'm an executioner, Henry the
Eighth period. What do you repre
sent?
Sho-I'm Anne Boleyn.
He-Well, let's go down to sup
per.-Puck.
PROBLEMATICAL.
Clara-' How long will your engage
ment to him last?"
Maud-"Why I don't know how
much money he has saved up."-De
troit Free Press.
Cuba's First President.
Although it bas been stated that the Cu
bans are incapable of governing themselves,
yet they have selected their first president,
who is a great favorite with the people A
favorite medicine with the American people
is Hosteler's Stomach Bitters, because it ls
an ideal remedy for headache, indigestion,
dyspepsia, constipation and biliousness. It
is also an excellent medicine for spring fever,
la grippe and malaria. Don't fail to try it,
but be sure to get the genuine.
The fly .agaric, a 6ort of fungus, is so
called because steeped in milk it is used to
kill flies.
Kow Jersey Skin Troubles
Can't resist Tetterine. "I have been troubled
with Eczema four years. Tetterine has dono
mo so much good that I gladly recommend
it. Send another box."-W. C. Fuller, Semi
nole Cottage, Sea Cliff. N. J. 50c. a box by
mall from J.T. Shuptrine, Savannah, Ga., if
your druggist don't keep it.
Boston, one of the richest cities in the
country, has a municipal debt o? $50,000,
000.
Tyncr's Dyspopsin Remedy Cures Irrcgu"
lar ilcart Action. At Druggists, 50 cents.
The jailer should not bc known by the
company he kecp3.
STATE OF OHIO, CITY OF TOLEDO, I
LUCAS Coron. I SSM
FRANS J. CHENEY, mako oath that he ie the
senior partner of tho firm of F. J. CHENEY &
Co., doing business in tho City of Toledo,
County and Stato aforesaid, and that said
firm will pay the sum of ONE HUNCHED DOL
I.AKS for each and ever}- case of CATAnnn that
cannot bo curod by tho uso of HALL'S
CAT A;, v. :I CUBE. FltANK J. -CHENEY.
Sworn to before mo and subscribed in my
, . presence, this 6th day of December,
j SEAL. [ A. D-, 1S3?. A. \V. GLEASON,
' -M- ' Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Curo is taken internally, and
acts directly on tho blood and mucous sur
faces of the system. Send for testimonials,
free. F. J. CHENEY & Co., Toledo, O.
Sold'by Drugglsts,75c.
Hall's Family Pills are thc best.
A man may be too poor to hire a lawyer
and at the same time can afford to keep
his own counsel.
Patience and Perseverance.
Three million packages of Putnam Fade
less Dyes are put up every year. To do this
necessitates the handlist "of ono hundred
thousand pounds o' dye stuff.
The packages are filled by dipping the dye
stuff up with a large wooden spoon and plac
ing in au envelope. Five ear loads of dye
.stuff handled with a wooden spoon! This ls
accomplished every year by tho dozens of
young ladies emoloyed by the Putnam Fade
less Dye Co., Unionvllle; Mo.
The population of thc Philippines is
stated at 10,000,000.
Earliest Russian Millet.
Will you be short of hay? If so, plant a
plenty of this prodigally prolific millet. 5 to
8 tons of rich hay per acre. Price, 50 lbs.,
11.90 ; 100 lbs., ?S!00; low freights. John A.
Salzer Seed Co., La Cresta, Wis. A
It's funny how many men there are try
ing to get rid of a "good thing."
Ke?t For the Horrels.
No matter what alls you, headache to <* can
cer.you wlllnevcrgot well until your bowell
are put right. CASCASETS help nature,j
you without a grioo or pain, prq?_
natural movements, cost yoiMua^Rf?nts to
start getting your ho^hhjjB^**^CASCAKETS
Candy Cathiirtlc.Xhe^lrSme, put up in metal
boxes, evpry tobJ?f has c. C. C. stamped on
it. De\w??-?f imitations.
TO baker who mixes his dough properly
fas a soft thins of it.
FITS permanently cured. Xo fits or nervous
ness after first day's us;, of Dr. Kline's Great
NerveF.estoror.S2trial bottle and troatiso?rej
Dr. It. H. KLINE, Ltd., 931 Arch St., Phlla., Pa.
One million miles is thc "length" o? an
American locomotive's life.
PUTNAM FADELESS DYES aro fast to sun
light, washing and rubbing. Sold by all
druggists.
A London physician advises a quiet sea
voyage for insomnia.
Piso's Cure is tho best medicino wo ever used
for all affections of throat and lungs.-Wa.
O. ENLSLEY, Vanburon, Ind., Feb. 10, 1900.
South African diamond mines yield over
?40,0u0,000 annually.
H
" I was very poorly and could
hardly get about the house. I was
tired out all the time. Then I tried
Ayer's Sarsaparilla, and it only
took two bottles to make me feel
perfectly well."-Mrs. N. S. Swin
ney, Princeton, Mo.
Tired when you go to
bed, tired when you get
up, tired ail the time,
why ? Your blood is im
pure, that's the reason,
iou are living on the
border line of nerve ex
haustion. Take Ayer's
Sarsaparilla and be
quickly cured. KS:
4
Ask Tour doctor what lin tlilnlo of Aver'a
Bnrmpftriltn. He know? all armut tim guinn
nlil f-unity mortie!"". Follow Iiis .l?vico and
we will he s:>tinli-<i.
J. C. AVKit Co.. Lowell, Mass.
aEBBBSPMMWraPWeaaBc j.^.'gaactEia?
My family physician told me to
try Riparia Tabules, as he had
found them of great benefit in sev
eral obstinate cases of indigestion
and dyspepsia. I felt better within
a day, and was soon greatly relieved.
I have always been subject to bad
sick headache until I began taking
the Tabules, and you don't know
what a relief it is to be entirely
free from these.
At druggists.
The Five-Cent packet is enough for An
ordinary occasion. The family bottle,
60 cents, contains a supply for a yeur.
WE PAY R. fi. FARE AND UNDER $5,000
Deposit, Ouarnntee
200 MUCK SCHOLARSHIPS. IIOAUD AT
COST. Writ?- Quick to OA.-ALA,
nUSINKSS COI.LKtiK, MACON, GA.
ne
Cures |;
Headaches, g
I LaGrippe, Colds, etc. |
Sj Money bnck If lt fnlls. 15&2T.C.All DniRStores [g
(Til O f^PCV NFW DISCOVERY; (t'vrs ?
\3 tfv \Jf 1^ W5 ? quick re'ifcf ond cures worri
cnMii- B ?k Ct testimonia B and IO ?In.V?* Irnitmrnt j
Free? H. a. OKEEH'I buns, BoxB, At ania, Qa>
Wife of ?ho Chinase Interpreter.
In a certain sense the most promi
nent American woman in the diplo
matic colony at Washington at the
present time is Mrs. Yung Kwai, the
wife of the interpreter of the Chinese
legation. Mrs. Yung Kwai is a New
England woman, and she and her hus
band were very devoted lovers, corre
sponding daily\during the years of
separation after their engagement.
They have a family of several chil
dren, and Mrs. Yung Kwai may fre
quently be seen spinning along thc
road to her suburban home at Cleve
land Park, near Washington, in an
automobile filled to overflowing v/ith
black-eyed youngsters.-Thc Criterion.
Tim Up-to-Unto J?nby.
It isn't correct any mere to have
things daintily pretty for the new
born baby just in order io have them
daintily pretty. It is no longer the
proper thing to swathe the little body
in yards and yards ci muslin and laco
and put bim to bed in billows of iown
and silk perfumed with rose or violet.
Up-to-date mothers no longer vie with
each other on the point of delicate
elaboration. Trtey do not vie at all
any more. Their ono object is to
make everything as sanitary and com
fortable as possible for thc new-com
er. Sometimes they give a sigh for
the pretty bow or frill of lace, but
after all, everything in the new fash
ion looks so clean and sensible and
wholesome they come to see the other
was only a perverted taste, and take
no pleasure in it. Things have ad
vanced in the last few years. The
nursery is one of them.-Marsha
Ilouk, in Woman's Home Companion.
A Society ?f Krisen?.
In dress and many other things tho
world apes the fashions of Paris, but
coiffures aro usually dictated in Vi
enna. In the Austrian capital there
is annually a hair-dressing contest, at
which thc society cf frlseurs distrib
utes prizes for art and taste.
Just now the candidates for the hon
ors In the Vienna congress show a
tendency to revive thc coiffures of
the renaissance, though they are less
capricious in arrangement. Two prin
cipal prizes were given to the court
friseur, Herr Janik, and to Conrad
Horaczek. One was for what was
called coiffure Elizabeth and the oth
er the coiffure princcessc De Lam
balle.
The coiffure Elizabeth is an elabor
ate affair to wincn a large jeweled
comb and bouquet of roses is added
in order to make it the more con
spicuous. The coiffure Princesse DeJ.
Lamballe reminds one qf^thj^svrt^ers
at the court of Lojtjg?5vIV of France,
when paint ajjfliabwdcr were the car
^dinaj."t^?*^(]u?sites even for those
^ho were blessed with natural beauty.
Not one of the contestants darci to
exhibit tho modest hairdress of the
old Germans, like that cf Marguerite
in "Faust." or any of the subdued
but pretty modes prevalent in the
northern country. The introduction
of these gorgeous coiffures means a
boom for the dealers in human hair
in Southern France, who have sup
plied thc civilized world for many de
cades with the shorn locks of the pro
vincial maidens. Few women are for
tunate in the possession of enough
hair to comply with the new modes.
One of the features of the friseur
congress of Vienna is that the friseurs
do their work in thc presence of the
judges and visitors, tho, competition
lasting two days.
Stylo? in Collar* nnd Stocks.
The general preference at present
seems to be In favor of high, close
stock? for outdoor wear, and flat, easy
collars for the house gowns and silk
waists. At the neckwear departments
of the big drygoods houses they sell
examples of this latter model out of
heavy yellow Irish, Dutch or Italian
lace, in combination with velvet or
mirror velveteen; and from France
they are sending over delicate lawn
and linen flat collars, with white em
broidery around thc edges and on the
points. These are fastened with big
old-fashioned cameo or seed pearl
brooches.
Should a woman prefer something
quite as airy though less severe than
a perfectly flat collar she can do no
better than wear one of the new
tucked silk muslin collars, the pat
tern of which only came into being
a short time ago. Tho band of mus
lin that clasps the neck is tucked to
give it stiffness and body, and the tie
ends are tucked almost to their tips,
where they are finished with rows of
hemstitching or a broad hem, briar
stitched down. In some oases a single
thickness of colored liberfy silk is
tacked on the inside of the neckband,
and often enough of cafe au lait mus
lin is employed Instead of the ivory
vmite.
Instead of French knots, once so
popular in the decoration of fancy
neckties, the humor now is for pret
tily beaded or pearl sprinkled stocks,
and for some of the fashionable new
spring tailor dresses the most won
derful adjustable jewelled collars of
leather have been introduced. A
beautifully dressed suede or glace kid
is used for this purpose. The collar
is cut from one strip of delicate skin,
t rimmed with flat cabochon, turquoise,
pearls or steel beads, lined with a soft
satin, and is hooked on with any gown
with which it will harmonize.
Women faithful to the stiff linen
collar wear starched Roman bands,
such as the clergy use, and with this
a broad folded bunting tie of thc rich
est, softest bird's-eye silk. This is,
however, rarely seen, save In the
make-up of a smart automobiling cos
tume, when the tie is red or mat new
shade of haberdashery blue known as
Irish eyes.-New York Sun.
Fnvinc Hie <*hil?lrcn.
One of the most interesting and
valuable forms of "child saving" work
is that done by the Illinois State
Training School for Girls. It ls in
Geneva, Ul., one hour's ride from Chi
cago, and was established lo take
young girls from vicious lives and
reform (hem.
The school is divided into six "fam
ilies," each of which has a dormitory,
assembly room, kitchen, dining room
and laundry. The head of each family
is called the mother, and is selected
for her tact and kindliness as much
as for hor ability to train the girls in
the duties required. Each girl is
drilled in baking, cooking, washing,
ironing and sewing. They also milk
?Tjwe and make their own butter
It is proposed to establish a dress
making and cutung department in the
institution, for many of the girls have
a liking for sewing, although they did
not know how to take a stitch when
they came into thc home.
In addition to this training the girls
receive a common school education in
the branches of reading, writing and
arithmetic.
It is not all work at the school,
however. The grounds are ample and
beautiful, and the girls go out ever?'
day, while for rainy days they have
two large playrooms. Part of their
work, even, is regarded as play by
them, as they thoroughly enjoy the
gardening, sewing and cooking. Un
der the training of a skilled gardener
they grow most of the vegetables used
in the school, and have the finest
flower garden in the locality. The
vegetables and fruits not needed for
.summer consumption they can and
preserve for winter.
Ten and eighteen years of age arc
the limits of commitment, and a girl
committed to the school remains in
Its custody until she is twenty-one.
After a year's residence she may be
placed with a private family, from
which she reports from time to time.
Her earnings are sent to the institu
tion, and thc money is banked and
held in trust for lier, necessary ex
penses being deducted. Every child
of the school receives a bankbook for
this purpose. From such earnings one
of tho girls nov/ has $12!) to her cremt,
and the aggregate runs into hundreds
of dollars.
In almost every case absolute re
form is effected, and many of thc girls
are respectably and happily married.
M Untitled INmrli Worn.
There is no doubt about feminine
enthusiasm over thc earring. Pro
digious pearl buttons are, with the
exception of a few novel shapes, the
kind to wear, and their vogue is very
largely due to the fact that a pair
of truly magnificent Torty-dollar pearl
ear studs could really not be identi
fied from a pair worth four or forty
thousand unless a jewel expert is
called in to pass upon the compara
tive merits. This was illustrated the
other day when thc custom house offi
cers seized a brace of splendid pink
heads that had not been declared,
and the jeweler who examined them
at first pronounced them genuine, so
admirable was their make. Until very
recently the fashion in ear studs de
manded that the pair of pearls should
first-of all be of unusual size, then as
nearly as possible perfect spheres, and
finallly exact mates in color.
It fell to thc lot of a doting young
husband to change this mode. His
wife.; birthday was due about Thanks
giving time, and on discreetly inquir
ing her preferences as to a suitable
gift he was told that nothing short
of a pair of pearl car studs bigger
than any her friends had would just
fill the aching void in her jewel box.
He wrote and telegraphedand.- t?te^~
phoned, and cabled. JD-^T' way doting
American h.ugbSnds have, and his or
deiv--tf?s for a pair of the biggest
?pearls in the market. A Nev/ York
dealer got one in Paris and one in
London, and both were guaranteed to
be as big as ordinary gooseberries.
There proved, however, to have been
a little hitch in the instructions, that
nevertheless had been interpreted lit
erally as to size, for one pearl was as
black as London soot and the other
as white as snow. There was no
(Joubt about their size, though, and
the wife, rather than hurt the feel
ings of her faitnful knight, put the
?i?icniatohod pearla in her little pink
ears and went to a dinner of excep
tional splendor.
The next morning she woke up and
found herself as a leader of fashion,
and since that dinner party the womev
with "mated pearls," as they arc
called, have been negotiating ex
changes at their jeweler's or among
them.-elves. Mated pearls .ire not "in
It" with mismatched pairs, and though
a black and white bead are at the top
of the list, a green and a pink, a white
and a yellow, are acceptable seconds
in style.-Chicago Record-Herald.
Lace mitts are still good form, anl
they can be found in black and white
and in different lengths.
A hat made of strings of pearls in
terwoven with bands of lace is one
of the striking creations for the
spring.
The new parasols are very beau'i
ful. Those in black and white take
thc lead, though many are gay with
flower designs in all the bright natu
ral colors.
Loops of narrow velvet ribbon al
most long enough to reach the shoul
der add a smart touch to many of the
new spring hats. Ribbons in two col
ors are usually employed to carry out
this idea with the best effect.
A handsome parasol is of white silk,
covered with black chiffon, put on
plain, and then in the centre of each
gore there is a medallion of blacK
lace. A narrow border ol* heavy white
lace further carries out the scheme of
black and white.
A charming evening gown for a
young girl is of rich miroir satin,
veiled with either white, gold or col
ored net, showing a delicate design,
of lace or ribbon applique in a floral
design alternating with ro.>?s or cam
ellias sewn on in a studied careless
ness.
Modish separate skirts are effec
tively trimmed with folds of moira
extending from the waist line to the
head of the flounce. One Idea ls to
set a fold on either side of thc seams
an laid very flat. Then the flounce is
finished with bands of thc same mate
rial, running horizontally and widen
ing toward the back.
Lace still continues fashionable, and
for street and evening wear is held
in highest favor. Tambour lace, relic
of several decades ago, occupies an
important place on the list, although
lt is not truly lace-that is, needle
made lace-as it ls worked with a sort
of crochet hook, with the net
stretched on the frame. The pat
terns, however, arc very effective.
Some of the new little frocks which
are made up for small girls op." the
full length of the frort t and a lit'ie lo
one side. The waist is made with the
little straight stock and dicky effect
with trimmings ol' Hamburg and
broad lapels turning back at tuc front,
the one at the right being carried
over a little and thc end forming tho
beginning of thc opening. Tho skirt
is simply made, gored in thc front,
and "Mthout a gather, the fullness of
the back being given by two rather
broad box plaits which begin under
the collar, wnicn is sailorlike in the
back and are carried the full length
ol the skirt
SCIENCE AND INDUSTFlT.
A Vienna medical paper states that
an Austrian scientist has discovered
that a cold in the head is due to tho
presence in tho membrane of a special
bacillus which be has called the mioro
cocus caparrhalis.
Mr. Berislawski, a Russian mining
engineer, has recently discovered ex
tensive deposits of ozokerite (mineral
wax) in tile extreme north of Fin?an J.
The deposits are situated along the
bed of the Kemiokin river, and the
ozokerite is said to be extremely rich
in paraffin.
Subterranean lakes have recently
been discovered in the Eucla district,
Australia. They lie about 30 feet be
low thc s.irface and contain an abund
ant provision of potable water. This
discovery is of great practical impor
tance to this especially arid district. It
is of scientific value also, as it affords
an explanation of the disappearance of
certain rivers.
Thc famous London medical jour
nal, the Lancet, is authority for the
statement that thc essential oil that
forms the base of all perfumes is a
powerful antiseptic, and possesses dis
infecting properties equal to those of
carbolic acid. A perfumed handker
chief, therefore, may not only please
the sense of smeil, but prove a guard
against infection, and thc large num.
ber of people that dislike perfumes
and think the use of them "vulgar."
may become reconciled to their use,
at least by other people, when they
hear what science has said about
them.
The United States collier Sterling
was thc first boat to he raised by the
new fioating dock at Algiers, near New
v. ricans. It took just 35 minutes to
fill the pontoons and side walls to
sink the dock to a 19-foot depth. At
first the stLiicture, went down slowly,
but after it Lad gone down till the
water was above the tops of thc gang
way openings in thc sides of the de
scent into the sandy water was no
ticed very appreciably. The dock was
sent down 20 feet 6 inches aft and 21
feet forward from the tops of the keel
and bilge blocks to the level of the
water over the lower deck. The Ster
ling entered Uo dock drawing 15 feet
forward and 10 feet G inches aft. Ex
actly one hour after the actual pump
ing started the dock's lower deck was
clear of the water and the Sterling
was safely lifted high and dry. Naval
Constructors H. G., Gilmore and J. G.
Tawresey, United States navy, super
intended the (.ocking. which was suc
cessful in every particular.
One of the largest._e4eetrical con
cerns ri C^-rMjrjrTias for the past
thijui-ycars been experimenting with a
HsTslem of purifying water by means of
ozone. Experience gained during this
time has demonstrated that such a
system is eminently successful, the
only question being in its commercial
possibilities. The cost of treating one
cubic meter, or about 35 cubic feet of
water, however, is only 1 1-4 cents. In
the system experimented with the wa
ter is first cleaned by a quick filter,
thc object being to remove the sus
pended dirt. This water is then passed
through brick towers, filled with gra
vel,. During its percolation through
the gravel it is subjected to the action
of the ozone, which is allowed to en
ter the bottom of the brick tower, the
water flowing in from the top. Bac
teriological^- considered, the system
is a pronounced success, as in e" j
case the germs present have b .a re
duced to far below the number permis
sible in practice, namely, 100 germs
pt- cubic centimetre. Where the
ra tr water contained as many as 100,
OlC to 600,000 germs per cubic centi
metre, it was sometimes completely
sterilized and in all cases the germs
were reduced to from 2 to 9 per cubic
centimetre.
Etalon for (ho Preservation of Hrnlth.
Tho following 10 rules have been
compiled by a committee of eminent
physicians as the best to follow for
the preservation of health: 1-Don't
leave your rooms in the morning with
an empty stomach. 2-Never expose
yourself to cold air immediately after
you have partaken of a warm liquid
of any kind. 3-Don't leave your
abode in cold weather without warm
wraps around your shoulders and
breast. 4-Begin respiration in the
cold by breathing through the nose.
This will give the air a chance to get
'warm before reaching the lungs. 5
Never place your back near a heated
oven nor against a wall, warm or cold.
0-Don't, stand before an open window
in a railway carriage, nor take a drive
in an open carriage, after violent phy
sical exercise. 7-Don't remain mo
tionless in a cold room, and do not
stand in an open space, on ice or
snow. S-Talk only when you must
for the old pharse, "Speech is silver,
silence is gold," holds good even in
hygiene. 9-Don't put off your regu
lar bath. "When the skin is not kept
fresh and soft thc cold draws th?
pores together, and you are rendered
susceptible lo pulmonary troubles of
all kinds. 10-Don't retire with cold
or wet feet. Nothing prevents sleep
with so much certainty as the neglect
of your pedal extremities.
Turk's Way to Prevent Firo9.
Primitive in his opinion of every
thing modern or progressive, the un
speakable Turk has a hazy idea of
even the origin of a fire, to say noth
ing of the most effective means of
staying its progress when once under
way. Of late, there have been many
serious fires in Constantinople, and
the sultan, having taken cognizance
of the fact, issued instructions to the
police that they must see that the
number of fires is materially reduced.
After due deliberation and many
conferences, the officials for the police
department concluded that the prin
cipal cause of fires was Insurance,
and that in order to remove the danger
insurance must be stopped. To carry
out this dejision, poiice officers make
a house to house visit in the poorer
quarters of thc city and inform the
luckless house-holder that, unless
he brings the next day a letter from
the company showing that he has had
his policy cancelled, he will bc im
prisoned. Untie? the circumstances,
many of thc pojrcr people annul their
insurance. As an alternative to can
cellation, the police agree to accept
a guarantee of several thousands that
no fire shall break out in the house in
question, or any of thc six adjoining
one?.-Municipal Journal and Engi
neer.
Tommy and Hi? Me,
Tommy-Ma, may I have Jimmy
Briggs over to play on Saturday?
Mrs. V->SS-N?. y?u make too much
noise. You'd better go down to his
house and play.-Tid-Bits,
A SENSITIB SOUL.
"I suppose even you have said things
you regretted," said the man with a
hasty temper.
"That isn't the point at all," answer
ed Mr. Meekton. "I have been trying
to figure out whether I ever said any
thing that I didn't regret."-Washing
ton Star.
THE GILT-EDGED CHECK.
Husband-Why did you r^aw your
money out of one bank and ? ut it in
another?
Wife-Well, the other bank's checks
are too lovely for anything. They are
bound in Russia and have gilt edges.
New York World.
Mrs. Francis Podm
T. U., Saranac Lak<
Her Health to Lydia
table Compound. Re
" DEAR MRS. PINKHAM : - For
was born I felt a peculiar weakness,
before, with severe pains in thc ova
" I tried the doctor's medicine;
wasted. A friend who had been ctr
Pinkham's Vegetable Comjx
so, also your Sanative Wash, and
such relief before. Within six wee
felt young and strong and happy 01
" This is several years ago, bu
Compound is my only medicine.
doses brings instant relief."-MRS.
$5000 FORFEIT IF THE ABO\
"When women are troubled witl
menstruation, weakness, leucorrhoea
womb, that bearing-down feeling, inf
bloating (or flatulence), general debi
tration, or arc besot with such symplr
excitability, irritability, nervousncs
gone" and "want-to-be-left-alone"
they should remember there is one
Pinkhjtfi?*? Vepreta?H*e~<^?*?f?n7iT
Kefuse to buy any other medicine, f<
STRAIGHT
Excel and outsell all other corsets
on thc market. This speaks C
volumes for their merits. Ask
your dealer about them, c
Royal Worcester
Corset Co.
Worcoster, Mass.
CARTRIDGES IN
from .22 to .50 loaded with eithi
always give entire satisfaction. 1
modern manner, by exact machin
THEY SHOOT WHERE YOU H OU
\ ?3
m??m . . ._
* ' (>%, rcmovcs from the soil
u ffiS? Iarac quantities of
Poi
Thc fertilizer ap
plied, must furnish
enough Potash, or thc
land will lose its pro
ducing power.
Read carefully our books
ou crops-lett frit.
GERMAN' KALI WORKS,
.i 93 Nassau St., New York.
TO
Confederate Veterans
AND THEIR FRIENDS.
Wo offer you tho SIIOKTKST KO UTK
through tho MEMPHIS fiATKWAV. trnv
oralng tho points from which tho cheapest side
tilpa cnn bo nmilo lo HOT SPRINGSnnd points
In OKLAHOMA und INDIAN TERRITORIES
SI1JH TlllP io OKLAHOMA CITY UTI '
Koinrn, 83.Co. SIDE TMP to li
srUINGS niul Itetnrn, 81.23. SPECI
.I RAINS nnd FREE CHAIR CARS. S'
OVERS AT ALL POINTS GOING nnd
TURNING. TICKETS ON SALE APRIL
to Suth. INCLUSIVE. FINAL RETURN LI.V
MAY 15th. For further Information ndrti
W, T. SAUNDERS, General Agent Pass-in
Department Fiisco System, Atlanta, Ga.
DID YOU EVER
Consider the Insult offered the intelligence of
thinking people when the claim ls mndo Hint
nur one r?nicdy will cure nil discuses? No.
well, think of lt nnd send for our book tplllng
all about '26 Special Remedies for special dis
eased conditions, and our Family Medicine
Cases. A postnl card will secure, tho hooli
.and fi sample of Dr. Johnson's "After Dinner
PHI." Agents wanted. Tue Home Heinedv
Co , Austell Building. Atlanta. Ga.
250
FREE SCHOLARSHIPS
Applvntonco to THE LANIER SOUTHERN
BUSINESS i OLLEGE, Mh.-on. Ga. Bookkeep.
In c. Bunking, PonmRn?hlp, Shorthand. Type
writing. Telegraphy, Mathematics, Grammar
nnd Business Correspondence thoroughly
taught. Board $8 to $10 per month.
?J?? PISO liS'iG DRE- F O
GUHtS WhtRE Alt clac rAllb,
Best Coutih Syrup. Tastes Good. Uso
in time. Sold by druggists.
SUM^TION?
JURES RHEUMATISM AND CATARRH.'
To Provo It-Medicine Free!
Botanic Blood Balm (B. B. B.) kill;- the
Jolson in tho blood which causes rhouma
ism (bone pain?, swollen joints, sere mus
des, aches and pains) and catarrh (bad
ireath, deafness, hawking, spitting, ringing
n the ears), thus making a permanent cure
ifter all elso fails. Thousands cured. Xany
uttered from 80 to 40 years, yet B. B. B.
:ured them. Druggists $1 per large bot
le. , To prove It cures, sample of B. B. B.
ent free by writing Blood Balm Co., 12 .
Mitchell St., Atlanta, Ga. Describe trouble
ind free medical advice given. B. B. B*
icnt at once prepaid.
The Mackenzie Eivcr is 2500 miles in
ength, and drains an area equal to one
lalf of thc United States.
ore, President W. C.
New York, Owes
E. Pinkham's Vege
?ad Her Letter.
several years after my last child
, such as I never had experienced
rics and frequent headaches,
j and found it money worse than
red through the use of Lydia E.
juiid advised mc to try it.^ I did
I must say I never experienced
:ks I was like another woman. I
ice more.
t Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
If I ever feel' bad or tired a few
FRANCIS PODMORE^
TS LETTER IS NOT GENUINE.
i irregular, suppressed or painful
, displacement or ulceration of the
lamination of the ovaries, backache,
lity, indigestion, and nervous pros
mis as dizziness, faintness, lassitude,
s, sleeplessness, melancholy, "all
feelings, blues and hopelessness,
tried and tn^j^^r-Ly?i?v'E?,--'
?* nt'"^?i?cc removes such troubles,
ar you need thc best.
ALL CALIBERS
;r Black or Smokeless Powder
They are made and loaded in
cry operated by skilled experts.
0 ? ALWAYS ASK FOR THEM
Ol ami 53 S. Forsyth St., Atlanta, Ga.
ALL KINDS OF
MACHINERY
Reliable Frick Engines. Boilers,
all Sizes. Wheal Separators,
all Sizes.
BEST IMPROVED SAW MILL ON EARTH.
Large Engines and Boilers supplied
promptly. Shingle Mills, Corn Mills,
Circular Saws, Saw Teeth, Patent
Dogs, Steam Governors. Full line En
gines and Mill Supplies. Send for
free Catalogue.
?50 Kinds for 06c.
It ls a fart that Raiser*! rcgetaWe and flower
Meda arc found in more gardens ^ "
) uixl on more farms l lian uny <>tl:rr 4
In America. There ts reston for this.
Wc own and operate over WKW acre? for
the production of mr choice i
In all ICO kinds j-oslrircly famishing
bushels of charmine Honers and
lots and lots of clralce TesciaMes,/
toifcther with onr creal catalogue/
telllntr nil aliont Teoslnto and Pea
Oat and Hromr.!> and Speltz, onion
seed at eic. a pound, etc., all only
for 1 tlc. In stamps. Write to-day.
10HN A. SALZER SEED CO..
Li Crosse, Wis.
E.-J. Vawter's Carnations are the Best
CHOICE Fruin tho ramona "Vawte?
ii imDMU Carnation Field*," Ocean
ARNAT10NS cutting*, propagated with
out artiflclal heat, rent postpaid, 0:1 receipt
of price. 5 Cnrnntloii Planta for 25c) 5
Prlncoof IValcM VIoletkfor2/5c:3 Cann?
Bulhsfor25< j 3 < ul hi I.Mj Bulbil for 25c
Ordere filled In rotation. OrdsrLCW. Address Oc?ui
PJLMC FLORAL CO., (Inc.], OCKJUC .' ARK. Ciuromsru.
Men!ion this Paper
In writing to advertiser*
ANT .'ointe u-1902.
AYES WAI
RED SEAL CATALOG

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