Newspaper Page Text
^ ^ Oldest Newspaperlu South Carolina.
=^==========!==-. EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 17th, 1909.__^_N0" 3'
YOL. 74. ' '_J--I ?
FOR FERTILIZER BUYERS
Advantage of Mixing Fertilizers j
on the Farm. Don't Buy
For the benefit of our readers whol
are farmers we copy the following]
, excellent article from the Union f
Time's, it having been written by.
Mr. J. J. Littlejohn, who is doubtless
a kinsman of Edgefield's Rev. J. T.
'As i;he time has come for our far
mer friends and brothers to pur-1
chase their fertilizers for the com
ing crop I feel it my duty to advise
against the purchase of ' low grade
goods commonly known as standard
or 8.75 2-3 as 'tis quite possible to
put a large amount of whajtis known
as "filler .in this .grade and which fil:
1er is of no more value than so much ?
sand. Why should a farmer haul
800 pounds of this worthless stuff 10 j
miles and pay for putting it down
when h.2 has plenty of sand in the
branches through'the farm that will
do as well? If he wishes to put
$100 in guano to the horse why not
buy high grade and use less of it and
get same results with, less labor.
"For several years I have , mixed
my own fertilizer. My soil is very
stiff red., with red clay foundation.
My experience teaches me that: this
soil needs phosphoric acid arid pot
ash mainly, therefore I use 1375 lbs.
16 per cent, acid-phosphate, 125 lbs.
48 per cent nitrate of potash and 500
pounds/8 per cent, cottonseed meal.
I. have l:ound results very satisfac-1
tory, having grown last year on my
farm 226 bales of cotton, 450 lbs.
each, on 235 acres, with 19 plows,)
besides 2300 bushels corn, 29,592
bundles fodder, 50 tons pea vine hay j
1200 bushels red rustproof oat) and
100 tons cotton seed. I did not I
have nipre than 500 acres under cul
tivation and used 90 tons of guano.
Fm sure that the proper thing lo do
ia not cut the guano bill, rather in- j
crease it, but reduce'eotton acreage
25 to 33 1-3 per cent., plant more
corn and try to make 50 bushel J per
acre. I am Belling corn at ' $1 per j
bushel and there is more profit in
uat this price at 50 bushels per j
a) there is in 12 cents
?rs; sn ou ia
ley buy does not contain
anything" jbut valuable ingredients.
I believe that if we would adopt the
system of sowing 1-3 oats, 1-3 corn
and 1-3 cotton, changing the crop
each year, putting peas in the corn
and after oats, thereby getting two \
crops of pea vines that in ten years
? time we can be growing 50 bushels
pats, 50 bushels corn and 1 1-2 bales
cotton per acre, and instead of bring
ing damaged corn from the West
(thereby contracting pellagra) South
Carolina should grow everything of J
this nature at home and in ten years j
should be a corn exporting ' state, j
Think of what the result would be
of 10,000 bushels of corn, 10,000
bushels of oats, and 300 bale3 of cots
ton, all off of 600 acres.
'/ "We are simply in our A. B. C's
as farmers. Let ris wake up and get
to farming intelligently. The same
rule will apply to the one horse man.
I'm sure that two-thirds of the land
of Union county will produce 50
bushels per acre, after a pea vine crop
if broken 10 inches in the. fall and
the use of say 600 lbs. of commer
cial fertilizer and the proper cultiva
tion and application of the same."
Too Many Eggs.
Mr. J. K. Allen, the Meeting
Street fancier who will bear off
some of the prizes at the county
fair, told the writer on Friday last
that he believes in early chickens
but that some persons make the mis
take of putting too many eggs'un
der hens during winter. He put
eleven eggs under. ? hen, and re
cently took her off with eleven
strong little chicks, while a neigh
bor put seventeen under her hen
and not a single one hatched. The
eleven eggs were well covered, but
at times some of the seventeen' eggs
were exposed, and in moving them
about the hen.- doubtless caused .all
of the egg3 to be exposed to the
cold at some time during the set
ting period. The number of eggs to
be placed undera sitting hen should
be determined by the season of the
year and the size of the hen.
Harry was walking with another
boy when he was joined by a friend
a year or so older" and inclined tc
"Introduce me, Harry," the new
coraei whispered pompously.
Harry twisted, reddened and at
last turned to his companion with,
"Jim, have you ever seen Gilberl
"No," the other boy answered.
"Well," Harry blurted out red
dening still more and jerking on<
thumb over his shoulder toward th?
newcomer, "that's him!"-iippin
For The Little Girls.
Through letters and'through pa
trons and trustees in person we
still hear good reports from the
work done recently by Miss Mary
T. "Nance. Some school buildings
are already being improved, and
local taxation for the purpose of
establishing' High Schools is being
agitated in several districts. Indeed
there lias been an awakening and
quickening all along the line asa
result of Miss Nance's visit. Know
ing that hundreds of little girls,
wbfrse hearts she completely won,
would like to have a picture of Miss
Nance for their scrap books, we
have, without her knowledge, pro
cured a cut of Miss Nance which is
Lyceum at Trenton.
The first attraction of Trenton's
lyceum course will be given in thc
Wise hall to-morrow, Thursday
evening. Let Edgefield be"well rep
resented in the large audience , that
will assemble to hear Hon.J|Oseph G.
Camp,who is known as "The Orator
of the South." He is said to be equal
to Bob Taylor and to surpass John
Templa Graves. Every uody is en
tertained and edified by eloquence
and oratory. Go to hear Mr. Campy
_.t Take Home Paper.
A score or more of young girls at
Beaverville, Ind., have , formed a
league tb promote refinement
among young men and, among other
tilings, have resolved to marry no
man who drinks, smokes or chews
and who does not. take the home
paper. Drinking is considered the
chief evil, smoking and chewing
come next, while the young women
assert that when a man does not
take the home paper it is evidence
of a want of intelligence and that
he will prove too stingy to provide
for a family, educate his children
and encourage institutions of learn
ing in the community.-American
We have i
in this lo' of
Berea School Will Continue.
Through the kindness of Mrs.
Lemuel Barling, the Berea school
will continue until the close of the
session, she having tendered the use
of a house on her farm near the
church. At a meeting of the patrons
and trustees last week action look
ing to the erection of a new build
ing was taken. The patrons of the
9chool will haul the material and
do a large portion of the work with
out compensation, which will enable
them to erect a comfortabl e build
ing at a minimum of cost.
Through the efforts of Mrs. "Wal
ter Nicholson the sum of $4:2.80 has
been raised on the building fund.
The trustees and patrons of the
school greatly appreciate the liber
al response from the people of Edge
field. By request we publish here
with the names of the contributors
to the- building fund of the Berea
Miss MaryT. Nance,
J. L. Mims,
W. L. Nicholson,
J. N. Fair,
Jerome P. Timmerman,
J. D. Allen,
P. L. Cogburn,
A. E. Padgett,
R. L. Dunovant
May <fc Prescott
B. L. Minis,
J. R. Timmerman,
A. S. Tompkins,
W. A. Byrd,
J. W. Peak,
W. ?. Lynch & Co,
William H. Brunson,
B. B. Jones,
H. C. Watson,
Dr. W. Luther Jones,
Joe Eve Mims,
T. P. Lyon,
A. R. Nicholson,
W. H. Harling,
D. E. Nicholson,
J. E. Hart,
W. A, Hart,
W. B. Cogbnm,
W. L. Dunovant,
. J; D. Plolstein,
J. R. Blocker,
Dr. A. H. Corley,
W. B. Penn,
HV. W. Adams,
W. S. Adams,
James G. Hilton, Jr.
R. N. Broadwater,
C. E. May
W. B. Posey,
L. B. Jones,
J. W. Thurmond,
J. F. Boone,
B. E. Nicholson,
W. W. Sheppard,
E. J. Norris,
F. L. Timmerman,
n transit a solid
forty buggies v,
? Run-abouts wi
Fudge DeVbreYj Good Work in
The favorable impression that
Fudge De Yore has made upon those
who have business with . the Court
>f General Sessions w.as further en
?anced yesterday, when several
jtiff sentences were imposed by him,
md the community will heartily ap
prove of Judge iDeVore's actions,
because the sentences are believed
to be just, and /Jbecause they Wyill
probably clo more-to stop crimes in
the city of^Charletitoh than anything
that has been done in a number of
rears. Ten years'?for-'high way rob
bery and larceny^' fifteen years on
three indictments, .one charging as
sault and battery-?nd the other two
charging housebreaking and larce
ny, two years i^r housebreaking
md larceny, and two years for lar
ceny of a bicycler-were among the
sentences miposecftA Besides senten
cing prisoners .w&o^n?d been con
victed: during.the?|week, three cases
were disposed ofi^esterday by the
petit jury and fiwraases were report
id on by the grantljui'y.
After the tr??l:^pury' cases had
been disposed of'-'Jftr the day and
the jurors had^ften discharged.
Judge DeVore called up the prison
3rs tor sentence., ?j|f??n Miller, Jerry
Townsend andvyToseph Reid were
the first who fac?d^un. Miller had
been convicted pf ?patching a Jiand
satchel from OflicipBaker, who was
walking on th??ai||?t dressed as a
woman. Towrise^Rhad been con
victed of taking&a silver watch
from Henry Haljvand Reid was
convicted of ...snatching a hand
satchel containira|^ 812;50 from
Carrie Xoisette.^jBefore imposing
sentence Judge.-Jjfeyore made a
few remarks to ta$? : prisoners. He
said that lit was his. firm intention
to do all in his prover to stop crime
in Charleston, anora starter he was
going to send the prisoners away
for a long term, s&that they would
be out of the way. "Of all the
thieves," he said%$$be highway rob
ber is the lowest, arid you men, who
do not work yu^r^^s, but who go
about taking away the property of
others, will have to learn that you ?
will not be tolorafed here-7' He then
sentenced the prison <;rs to serve ten
years - eitdi ii;',;nu labor -rn-the
State Penitentiary or on the county
chain gang.-News and Courier.
Hurrah for Judge DeVore! The
people of Charleston should rise up
and call him blessed. . Had the cir
cuit judges taken a firm stand in
the suppression of the criminal class
several years ago, that city would
not be so thoroughly infested with
Enter the Corn Growers' Contest.
L. H. Harling,
J. J. Penn,
J. W. Cartledge,
\MSEY & JOh
I ear of the C<
re have all sty
th rubber tires,
BARN YARD MANURE.
Valuable Paper by Dr. Seaman
A. Knapp Published in Far
mers' Union Sun.
Commercial fertilizers have prov
en themselves of great value and are
destined to play an even greater part
in our farm economy, but it is only
when used as supplements to the
home product that this will be so.
It is only when used with green ma
nure and barn yard manure that the
most permanent improvements can
be accomplished. It, therefore, be
hooves the farmers of the South to
give more attention to the conserva
tion of farm manure. The small
value frequently realized from the
use of barn yarJ manure arises from
the fact that it was not properly
saved and handled, and the manure
had lost the greater part of its plant
food. ' If the manure is allowed to
heat, a forge quantity of nitrogen
is driven off into the atmosphere.
On the other hand, if the manure
is left exposed to the elements, the
water from rains easily and rapidly
leaches out the soluble plant food.
So, in order to get the most valuable
manure, these,sources of loss must
be avoided. There are several ways
of - accomplishing this. Probably
the best plan, where-it is practicable,
is to haul the manure direct to the
land and plow it in. Again, espec
ially with horse manure, etc., it is
good to allow the manure to remain
in the stable, using plenty of litter.
The animals tramp it down, thus ex
cluding ?ir, and as it is kept dry, it
will keep with practically no loss.
The litter used in bedding is not
only of value itself as a fertilizer,
but serves to absorb all liquids and
prevent their loss. If not practica
ble to pursue either of these meth
ods, then a cheap shed can be# pro
vided and the manure stored in it
until ready for nser There is one
precaution that must be observed
wh?n the shed is used, and especial
ly if the droppings from the horses
predominate. Under these circum
stances.the manure is apt to heat.
This should be avoided by dampen
; Commercial fertilizers do not add
fermentation, and' do riot coiTed
mechanical defects of the soil. A
ton of well preserved manure from a
well fed horse contains about 9.8
pound of nitrogen, 5.2 pounds ol
phosphoric acid, 9.'G pounds of pot
ash-plant food that would cost $2.
21 bought as commercial fertilizer.
A horse weighing 1,000 pounds will
produce about twelve tons of, ma
nure per year, and this manure is
consequently Worth 7.6c per day, or
about $27 per year. The manure
from the average cow is worth 6.5c
per day or S23.20 per year.
Fresh oat meal and shreded
les, including* (
at pri?es to su
U. D.? C. Raised Large Sum, In
jury by a Run Away
Miss Ruth Cooner was the guest
of Miss Lillie LaGrone during last
Mr. Jule Cullum and Miss Hor
tense Landrum visited Miss Dosia
Wertz this week.
Miss Harriet Toney will leave
soon for Florida for a visit to Miss
Misses Earline Allen and Rhett
Warren spent a few days of the past
week at the home of Mr. M. T.
Mrs. C. F. Pechman left on Mon
day for Orangeburg to attend the
State Inter-denominational Sunday
school convention which convenes
there this week. She goes as.a dele
gate from the Methodist Sunday
On last Sunday morning at the
Baptist church, Mr. M. R. Wright
was elected assistant superintendent
of the Sunday school, and Mr. T.
R. Denny who has been filling this
place will take charge of the class
of the late Mr. Robert Turner.
One day last wegk, while Mr.
Key, who works at the marble yard,
was melting some lead a large piece
of it spattered into his face, over
one eye and adhered. He was car
read to Drs. Allen and Walker, and
the lead had to be cut from his face
probably causing the loss of one
Mrs. Mattie Toney, of Granite
ville, has been visiting relatives
I On Sunday af ternoon, while Prof.
W. C. Zeigler was out driving with
his family, the horse ran against a
hitching post and turned the buggy J
over. Mrs. Zeigler suffered a few
bruises, and the children were un
hurt. Pref. Zeigler's foot caught in
the wheel and he was dragged a
few yards, but the horse being a j
gentle one, he was able to make it ]
stop. They were very fortunate in
escaping a serious accident. }
The play-The Uijion ?Qepot- j
was quite a success an?Ltbe treasnry .
of the Daughters, of tba Confedera- .
cv was increased by something .over
j "Peter", said Mrs. Pneurich, "I
;. want you to have that roof taken off
our garage and one of a different
. ' kind put on." !
I "What for?" demanded Mr. Pneu
rich. "What's the matter with it?"
I "I heard an architect say the oth
er day that it's a hip roof. Every
body knows that hips are out of !
' style now."
Now is the time to prepare for an ((
early spring garden. We can sup
ply you with all kinds of seed fresh 1
from the celebrated Buist seed
Penn & Holstein. J
it every purse.
You Stand by
Your Borne Town
When you buy from a town, mer
When you patronize a town tailor.
When you employ a town dentist.
When you encourage a town enter
When you speak the town's praises.
When you subscril>e for the town'*
Some citizens fail in some of these
duties. A few fail in all of them.
HOW ABOUT YOU?
Red Hill Sunday School Re
organized, W. O. W. "Goat"
Yesterday was the only Sunday
in the month on which we
have no preaching service but nofc
withstanding the fact that no ser
mon was preached the day was very
interestingly, and/enjoyably spent
by our church going people, who
In.the- . morning the Sunday
scit?^vab^'^ MT. c."
E. Quarks' who:'-hW8?rveo^-ii^?aith
fully for years was re-elected su
perintendent and Mr. R.' M. John
son, one of our stand-bys, was elect
ed secretary and treasurer. Mr. J.H.>
Bussey was re-elected as Bible class
teacher which position he has filled
for years and we hope he will be
spared to ,us for many years to
come. Mrs. J. T. Littlejohn and
Bub John Quarles were asked to
continue as teachers of the primary
After Sunday school the Sunbeam
society met with good attendance
md interested members.
In the afternoon the B. Y. P. IT.
had an exceptionably interesting
meeting. Our young people have be
jome enthusiastic about their work
md numbers of them are coming
forward as public workers.
The valentine party at Mr. Gus
Wash's and the valentine and
'tackle" party given by Miss Alma
Hammond were both attended by
people from our town and a pleas
int time was spent at both places is
Just think! it is only a few more
lays before those oysters are to be
iere. Be sure to come if it does not
rain, and if it rains come anyway.
We are expecting a great time here
Saturday afternoon not only oyster
sating but as there are four men to
ride the W. O. W. "goat" at the
regular afternoon meeting and such
3ccasions as this are looked for
ward to by those who have already
Our last meeting was very inter
esting, (though no one "rode the
?oat") as the Sovereigns are be
coming more interested^in each oth
er and the progress of our town and
Etre realizing that they should take
an interest in such things.
The ladies are looking forward
to Saturday, as it. is the day for
them tb re-organize a "W. O. W.
Things are coming to pass in our
town and when dreams come
true" still greater things will have
been accomplished. Such is the de
On Monday last Mr. J. R. Scurry,
as administrator, made an inven
tory of the stock of iherchandise be
longing to the estate of the late B.
T. Scurry for the purpose of having
it appraised. The board of apprais
ers consisted of Mr. H. W. Dobey,
Dr. J. G. Edwards and Mr. J.
Dorn. Afcer being advertised ac
cording to law, the stock will be
sold either at retail or as a whole.
Enter The Advertiser's
Corn Growers Contest.