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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, August 04, 1909, Image 1

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- y0L 74s EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, A?GUST 4th, 1909. - _ N0-21 .
Second Annual
ter?st pf Good
tendance. }
Encouraged by the. phen
success of the meeting th;
held at Harmony last year
interest of temperance anc
citizenship, and realizing hov
" andlasting have ' been the I
derived from that meeting,
by common consent been ag
make this picnic an animal oc<
I And much to the gratifican'
the promoters of the under
Jthe meeting of last week easi
passed from every standpoii
initial meeting of a year ago
attendance was a third larger,
conservatively estimated at up
of 4,000. Bearden's brass barn
better suited to outdoor pei
' ance than the orchestra of last
The addresses were made by
of the ablest men that' the co
" affords. The deportment/ c
great throng was nothing shi
tbs ideal. Not a word was ul
nor an-act committed by ai
that marred even in the slig
degree the harmony and pleasi
the day.
As was referred to by the s
" ers, one should need no more
vincing evidence of the val
probibitio?i, or of the wisdom
v^played by the people of this cc
in voting out liquor, than thc
". feet order that prevailed at Ila
ny last Thursday. Instead of d
der existing, a spirit of coi
ffife-rgood fellowship seemed to peru
i the atmosphere. The tone and s
v of the meeting were exceedi
Rev. B. J. Guess'acted as c
ruan.-of the meeting, and callee
on Rev. T. >P. Burgess tO'op?ii
exercises with prayer. At th
jSf?.' quest of the chairman, Judge J.
DeVore introduced Dr. S. C. Mi
ell, president of the South Caro
University, as the first speaker.
^ VT: S. C. mitchelL
Dr. Mitchells subject was "C
Spirit." In the outset he than
everyman and woman who h:
part in making such a meeting
sible. He said, that South Caro,
is more thoroughly alive than c
before. As he travels up and dc
the state he sees unmistakable
dence of progress, not ephenn
but permanent progress. The pee
are back of the good roads mc
ment that will ultimately x carr
good road to every farmer's dc
rural telephones are forming a 1
work over the state; rural free
livery mail service is being extei
ed; interurban railway lines
being built; the rural schools ;
being improved, and demonstrat
farms are giving, a new iinpe
to agricultural pursuits. Said
"God speed the things that are
foot to help the farmer, the bai
bone of the country."
Concerning education, Dr. Mitt
ell said that the man or woman w
si loyal to the neighborhood schoo!
'. the best friend of education. Next
loyalty must cone the hi<
school, and that if they are loyal
these they will likewise be loyal
the higher institutions. He realiz
what it is for a youth to strugg
for an education. His father was
Confederate soldier from Mississi
pi, and owing to the ravages >
I war Dr. Mitchell was out of scho
? between the years of 10 and 1
He'was inspired as a young ma
H by being presented with a book c
a train by a gentleman, the title (
I which was, "Friend, Go up higher.
These words had been ringing i
Eg his ears all down through the year
? Dr. Mitchell said concerning th
"Civic Spirit," whether it be ten
R perance, improved schools, bette
roads, better mail facilities, mor
I rapid means of communication, in
I proved "agricultural conditions, al
? mean "Go up higher."
Bj Here in the South we have thre
H great institutions: 1st the Home
K and to these "sweet homes noted f o
their purity and out of which mer
I and women . who rule tin
B country have come," Dr. ^Mitchel
H * paid a very beautiful tribute. Th<
H second is the church, and the speak
I er said it is the churches perchec
M upon the hills that have led in civil
life. They are free from politics anc
H beckon the people up higher. Th<
SB third institution is the state. Dr
H Mitchell said "I want to labor tc
Ul strengthen these great institutions.'
SK He next ??poke at length of thc
H community life. Whereas before
the war"there were large planta"
Bj lions-he himself having been
I reared on one containing 4,500
ting Held in The In
zenship. Large At
Able Addresses,
er Prevailed.
acres -these have been cut up and
sold to smaller farmers, i-nd pros
perous communities now e::ist
good schools, churches, good roads,
Dr. Mitchell stated that eight
yokes of oxen could not draw him
in politics, but whenever it becomes
necessary for him to spej\k upon
moral questions he asks that he bo
given the privilege to do so.
Dr. H. M. Du?ose.
The second speaker, Dr. H. M.
DuBose, of Nashville, was intro
duced in a most happy manner by
Rev. L. D. Gillespie. Dr. D iBose
is a minister, author, and editor of
Epworth Era* He has been invited
to deliver several addresses in .South
Carolina. On this occasion Dr.
DuBose said among other things:
The call for my personal service
in the prohibition campaign in
?South Carolina has been to me a
pleasing preference. The holiest
traditions of my family are con
nected with the soil of the Palmet
to state. Upon my own cradle shone
a distant star, and the crown of
manhood came to me upon tr. far
away shore; but South .Carolina
is the birthplace of my sires, and
the memories of my childhood were
taught tb inshrine it as 'the land of
evervjand the best.'
Zealous Co-operation.
"And now the movement to free
South Carolina from the cune of
the liquor traffic shall have not only
my prayerful sympathy, but my
most zealous and industrious, co
operation. .
"The subject assigned me for
discussion to-day-'prohibition and
good citizenship'-is a happy com
bination of high and endearing
ideals. It is that marriage of vise
and purposeful thoughts in our
civilization destined to issue in the
liberation and crowning of ir an
"There is a widespread and will
ful ignorance concerning the pur
poses and ends of prohibition as an
instrument of government, and, as
suredly, the great ignorance abroad
as to the true standards and du) ies
of citizenship.
"I may very profitably divide my
discourse into two principal parts.
In the first of these I shall consider
the claims of prohibition as a prrne
doctrine of government. In the sec
ond I shall^show how it is incum
bent upon all good citizens to sup
port and defend prohibition as a mat
ter of private conscience and of
public fealty. /
Great Fundamental.
"In the present state of hunun
government the prohibition hi
\ rapacity, vice and social evil js a
fundamental in the making of Both
constitution and statutes.
I "The true liberty of mankind is
, not that which is expressed in/writ
! ter laws, but that which is ?bpve
and beyond laws. Laws are enacted
I not to create liberty, but to protect
and to preserv e liberty. TJe body
of our statute;; is, thereforeyprohihi
? tive-a sword "against evil-/oers and
the combinations of evil lien. This
stay of the sword is to /create op.
Dr. S. C.
portunity and to protect the heri
tage of freedom. Prohibition thus
becomes the hand-maid of authority,
and the protectress of liberty.
Against true liberty law has, and
can have, no function.
"The history of human liberty
effectually establishes this claim of
prohibition to be a fundamental.
From Runnymede to Liberty Hall
the history of human liberation has
been a story of the inhibitions
placed on the agressions of power,
the" abuses of privilege and the evils
of license. The voice of those
sterri old barons at Runnymede was
'King John shall not!' The Declara
tion of Independence was the voice
of a new born nation against the
license and usurpations of George
Liberty and Freedom?
"The article of confederation
of 1777 and the constitution of
1787 are the eloquence of those age
long restrictions by means of which
liberty and freedom expect to main
tain themselves in a triumphant
' If a more transcendent, proof of
the claims of prohibition as a fun
damental of government is demand
ed, it will be found in the deca
logue-the law of the ancient king
dom of God. Its diapason is one
loud 'Thou shalt not'-not the
spirit only, but the very voice and
form of prohibition.
Curse of Rum
, The modern Christian crusade
against the curse of rum, and the
effort to destroy its reign by stat
utes of prohibition, is not only in
the line of the advance of secular
freedom, but is also in line with
the. advance of the kingdom of
God. As the fierce inhibitions of
Sinai were finally succeeded by the
octave harmonies of the se rmon on
the Mount, so we may hope that
some day the stern statutes of pro
hibition against the liquor traffic
may pass into that happy unity of
public opinion which will make in
? c
on Tl
And also a d
Music on both o
Burbecue dim
the publie is
The Confederate
_to be pr<
h ib hive statutes unnecessary.
Prohibition ;JZet ised.
"Prohibition's that principle of
law which has opera??^r.'to:develop
the sense of individuality in men.
It is a false belief that -license,
which many have, mistaken . for
liberty is friendly,, even .necessary,
to the development of ' the sense
Dr. H.
and power of ?erson?liiry in men.
On the contrary^ it is license that
arrests the march of mindaud soul
on the way to their crowning, and
that sinks them to the . level of
slavery and inertia in the sodden
mass of weaklings and incompe
"It is only by discipline^
draw out their strongea^j
approve their higuest se
the truest form of disci
self-denial and self-r
come of the inhibitions
er law.
''There, can be no h
standard of manhood
ship except as meri' awake; with in
themselves to the sense of. individ
uality and personal responsibility
in all matters of private ^iflp?
action. This awakening .ea^n^ome
only as the individual is rjj^^Hgfc
by both his own and the"' ;
inhibition of what i&'eviffijBW
"Prohibition, is therefore,'srnih
discipline and Restriction i
tlie public upon itself us the.mdi
vidual /man...should .1
but the extension "'of rprh
science and discipline to the body
of society, that is to the' state, to
maintains Order.
"The principle of prohibition has
created, and still maintains,' the or"
der of human society.
"Not license-not false liberty
but restriction and repression have
made a social fabric possible. Not
the states in which men have been
least restricted in following their
own inclinations or appetites have
longest survived, but those whose
people have been held and compelled
by their own laws to follow an
ideal set above the debaucheries of
the herd.
"Herbert Spencer and other mas
ters of sociology have shown how
society inevitably rests upon those
laws which restrain the selfish; the
lawless and rapacious elements of j
society from infringing or destroy
ing the rights of the other! elements
of the body. And this is. precisely
the ground upon which the statutes
prohibiting the liquor traffic come
in. There is no longer patience to
hear an argument denying the evils
of the traffic. Only fools, sodden
f ?,
give a pier
hursday, Augus
lance in the Ed:
ise Thursday ni
ccasions will be furn
chestra, of Augusta, (
1er will be served at (
; cordially inyil
Veterans and Newspape
Bsent as guests of the i
inebriates and sordidly selfish'men
either make or listen to these argu
mente. The only q?estiorf now
' worthy the thought *of sane and
honest men is how best to repress
and'destroy the curse. Society de
? mauds its extirpation and demands
it as a measure in which its life and
ita soundness are involved.
"The principle of prohibition has
made possible a strong and healthy
public opinion.
Public Opinion.
"in that remarkable book by Am
bassador James Bryce, 'The Ameri
can Commonwealth,' much is made
of American public opinion. The
author discovers that the most
American thing in America is pub
lic opinion. It is bold, authoritative
and is trusted and feared by rulers
? and law-makers. And what is most
worthy of note here is that this virile
public opinion is treated as the off
spring of that constitution which
bristles throughout its momentous
provisions with terms of limitation
and prohibition.
Practical Claim.
'And here perhaps ;at last is
grounded the strongest practical
claim of the cause of statutory pro
hibition-namely in the fact that
public opinion needs to be rescued
I from the degradation of the. drink
trafile. The brewer and the distiller
in national politics, and the saloon
keeper in local politics, mean a
dabauched public opinion and an
enslaved suffrage. The gin maker
and. the gin seller must be abated
in order to save the nation from a
a gin-bought ballot. The trafile is
lawless, corrupting, and the society
which has commenced with it must
become inevitably corrupted. So
long as a liquor license is issued in
any commonwealth, the type of pub
lic thought in that commonwealth
must reflect the degradation of the
public act.
Good Citizenship.
"I am now to consider the prohi
bition of the liquor trafile in its re
lations to good citizenship. But>
first, mays.I not briefly sketch the
.portrait of a good citizen of an en
iiglif-?iScr-sf?t??- A very ancient pic
ture of such a citizen was this: 'A
Hon. M. U Smith.
man who feared God and eschewed
evil.' That can hardly be improved,
though I venture to add this touch:
'A good citizen is one who in serv
ing the state, offers worship to God
and service to his fellowmen--one
who carries into his every action a
dc at
Ul I ll
gefield Opera
ished by Beaden's
Ja. I
Centre Spring.
Led to attend.
)Y Men are invited
I _
; New Company Cap
dred Thousand E
Ordered. Cott(
larged, Open
love of the truth and a reverence
for his conscience, as for his God.1
"From such citizens the cause o?
prohibition can'expect only support.
It is from the selfish, the unthink
ing, the lawless and the degraded
that it expects opposition.
"It must follow from all this that
the good citizen espouses the cause
of prohibition as an answer to his
own sense of honor.
Carmack's Courage.
"Every true man, every worthy
citizen of the south has an immor
tal example of honor in the courage
of the martyred Carmack. Tennes
see has given no greater boon to
this nation, to civilization, than the
example of this nation-mourned
man, who gave up even life to fol
low his honor as ^ man against men.
"Assuredly the good citizen, must
espouse the cause of prohibition as
a means of service to his fellowmen.
"To those who count national
greai less or private fortune in ton
nage and bank clearances and whose
ideal of personal' good is the right
to indulge their appetite unrestrain
ed, this sentiment of brotherhood
obligation counts for little. But to
those who think of the nation as a
family and the social body as in
stinct with the sensibilities of a
brotherhood, the thought is an over
mastering one. Whoever he be who
has lost the word, 'I am my brother's
keeper,' is unworthy the namtof
citizen, and has forfeited the right
to invoke, or use the power of the
ballot. The man who cari get his
consent to vote for tjie rum traffic
has parted with his sense of loyalty,
He is an Ishmaelite.
"Every good citizen must give in
his allegiance against license in any
form as his response to the highest
appeal of patriotism.
True Patriots.
"No man is a true patriot who
does not wish for his country the
best-deliverance from every evil
and the laygest guarantee of repose
and prosperity. Surely the record
in many states and in multitudes of
cities in this land is sufficient to
convince every unbiased citizen of
South Carolina that 'the highest
moral, political, social and financial
well-being of his state demands that
the course of the dispensary-the
devil's own substitute for the sa
loon-be swept from the soil.
Tennessee's Example.
"The state of Tennessee particu
larly sends greetings to her sister
state of South Carolina and chal
lenges her to join the new Con
federacy of Prohibition. Twenty
four days under its benign infiu
ence and restraints have exhibited
wonders in the volunteer state. The
national holiday-which came four
days after the application of the
state-wide law-and which witness
es an : orgy of drunkenness and
crime, was all but barren of police
experiences. Sixteen days after pro
hibition the city station house of
Nashville was without a prisoner
a thing which has not happened bji
fore in the history of the city.
Crimes traceable to drunkenness
have fallen off in this town 75 per
cent. Houses 'heretofore disgraced
as saloons are. now being occupied
by legitimate business and trades.
The most notorious whiskey house
in the state has become a savings
bank-a pean of economic triumph
over the despoiler. But the history
has but begun to be written. The
glory of the south is its primacy in
this greatest moral reform of the
ages. What does South Carolina
Hon. IK. L. Smith.
The first speaker of the afternoon
was a distinguished young South
Carolinian, Hon. Mendel L. Smith,
of Camden, who was introduced by
Mr. A. S. Tompkins in his inimita
ble manner. Mr. Smith esteemed it
a great privilege to appear before so
largejand so representative* body of
citizens of Edgefield county, a
county that has not only furnished
gallant soldiers and illustrious
statesmen but votes-in 1876. Mr.
Smith in the outset called attention
to the fact that not an artist, musi
cian, sculptor, poet, or author of
very great renown has been pro
duced within the past twenty-five
years. Everything, said he, that is
now produced is for the marget.
The speaker said that the two
great evils of the day are intemper
ance and divorce. He thanked God
that South Carolina has no divorec
italized at Two Hun
lollars. New Gins \
)n Mill to be EIH
ation Oct, 15th
The cotton mill village is already
i beginning to take on new life. Mr.
? B. F. Zimmerman, who is' to have
entire charge as manager, arrived
yesterday to remain permanently.
He will bring his family about the
first of jSeptember.
Mr. Zimmerman told The Ad
Advertiser's representative that an
order has been placed for six im
proved Pratt gins to take the place
of the old ones in the ginnery. He
says that there is no doubt about
the new plant being ready when the
season opens. If there is any delay
in filling the order, Mr. Zimmerman
will have the gins shipped by ex
press. The superintendent of the
oil mill, Mr, Arthur Childers, will
arrive next week, and Mr. L. .L.
Clippard, the cotton mill superin
tendent, will reach Edgefield within
a few days.
Mr. Zimmerman stated that it is
the purpose of the management to ;
have the cotton mill in full opera
tion by October the 15th. An addi- ^
tion of 100 feet will be made to the
present cotton .mill building, ex
tending toward the street. Orders
have been placed for 5,000 addi
tional spindles, which with the
spindles that are already in the
mill, will supply sufficient yarn dur
ing the day run for the looms. Mr.
Zimmerman says operating a cot- ,
ton mill at night is unprofitable.Not ,
a single mill an the entire Piedmont
section runs' a single spindle at
night. Probably the running at
night has had something to do with _
the failure of the Edgefield mill. \ ?
The new company that purchased
the mill, headed . by Mr. Lewis
: parker, of - Greenville, Tl?s^een
capitalized at ?S'00,000" and' wili -' -
be known as the Beaver Dam Mills.
The petitioners in the application
for a charter are L. W. Parker, E.
A. Smyth, W. E. Beattie, of Green
ville; B. f. Zimmerman and W. L.
Marchant, of Greer; B. F. Taylor,
of Columbia, and W. W. Adams,
J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford 7
ano B. E. Nicholson of Edgefield.
law. The people cast their, ballots
for prohibition in |l892 in order to
rid themselves of the evils of liquor
but the state dispensary was given
them as a substitute, and as soon as
the corruption of the dispensary was
brought to the attention of the peo
ple they killed^ it. The dispensary
system is a mistake in human gov
ernment. To the saloon . there at
tached an odium that the stamp of
the state could not wipe out. The
state could not/elevate the liquor
business, consequently honest men
could not be secured to manage its
affairs. We now have a system-the
county dispensaries-that is subject
to all of the weakness and every in
firmity of the old mother dispensa
ry. Experience has shown that we
were unwise in adopting the dis^
pensary as a solution of the whis
key question. Then, let's away with .
the proprietorship of the liquor
Mr.Smith showed very conclusively
how farm labor has been demoraliz
ed by liquor, citing instances of
greatly improved agricultural con
ditions resulting from the removal
of the dispensary.
He next referred with telling
effect to the dishonesty and crime
that is abroad in the state. In South
Carolina there were 240 homicides
in 1908, while in prohibition Maine
there were only three. This should
cause the people of the Palmetto
state to hang their heads in shame.
The speaker urged every citizen
to be the centre of a wholesome in
fluence that will go out for the bet
terment of conditions, the elevation
of our citizenship.
Mr. Smith easily ranks among
the ablest men of the younger genera
tion in public life in the state, and >
this visit has made for fhim many
friends among our people.
Gapt. Claude E. Sawyer.
Rev. B. J. Guess next intreduced
Capt. Claude E. Sawyer, of Aiken,
who had accepted ans invitation to
address this meeting, along with
the other distinguished speakers.
Capt. Sawyer said he is endeavoring
to have Aiken follow the example
of the old mother county in voting
out liquor. He was greatly pleased
with the very respectful attention
and with the splendid order that
prevailed throughout the day. This
of itself was one of the fruits of
prohibition and showed that the '\
(Continued on the Fourth Page.)

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