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VOL. 74. EDGEF?ELD, S. C., WEDNS?l?Y, AUGUST 11th, 1909. NO. 28. EDUCATIONAL RALLY. Large Number of Teachers and Citizens Generally Assem bled to Hear the Splen did Addresses. No gathering has ever been held within the borders of the county that has contributed more to the up building of the schools and the ad vancement of the cause of educa tion than the rally that was held in the college auditorium Monday. The large attendance was very gratifying to the County Superintend ent of Education and the members of the County Board of Education. This large attendance, crowding the auditorium to its utmost capacity, was made possible through the kindly consideration of Judge Al drich in adjourning court until three o'clock in the afternoon, so as to enable the jurors, witnesses and court officials to attend. The first speaker was Cof. F. N. Iv. Bailey who had traveled all night in order to be present. Those who heard o*J Bailey's, address pronounced it ci?? ?f thc best that ho has ever made to ah Edgreneld audience. He laid great stress upon the common school. The second speaker was Prof. W. K. Fate, of Charleston, who is recognized as one of the foremost educators in the state. He has been superintendent of the public schools of Chariest m for several years. But having K n reared in the rural dis tricts of Tennessee, he knows tho .?iceds of the rural schools, audit as i. r the upbuilding of these ' schools that he made,.a very earnest plea. Owing to the usual press of busi ness on Monday morning, which was increased or augmented by the large crowd in attendance upon court, the writer was denied the privilege of hearing the two first speakers, also the major portion of Dr. H. N. Snyder's magnificent ad ?; dress. "We wish, however, to stress one point made near the close of Dr. Snyder's address, to wit: that the parents, should at all times and under all circumstances stand by the teacher and not take the part of the child in its fancied, wrongs and grievances. He said the teacher may Jb? gone when the next^ session comes but the child rem^a^mi the home, and if a b~" is 1 en to be lieve that whether right or wrong father and mother will take his part, then trouble has begun for those parents. Ninety-nine times out of a hundred the teacher is right and should receive the sympathy and co-operation of parents. At the conclusion of Dr. Sny der's address a recess of one hour was given for dinner. The ladies of the town had prepared delight ful refreshments in the form of sandwiches and ice tear After every body had been bountifully served, gallons upon gallons of the amber beverage and several large baskets of sandwiches were left. The music that was furnished by the band under the leadership of Rev. P. P. Blalock was thorougly enjo3*ed, adding much to tue pleas ure of the day. When the audience re-assembled Rev. T. P. Burgess in a most pleas ing manner introduced Hon. D. D. McColl, Jr., an able young lawyer and member of the House of Rep resentatives, from Bennettsville. In speaking of fhe^improvem?nt of the common schools, Mr. McColl said the chief foundation stone is the teacher, aud that the schools will grow and prosper in the proportion that the teacher brings the necessa ry qualifications for improvement. He next referred to the relative at tendance upon the public schools by the children of the two races, not for the purpose pf disturbing the relations between the races, but in order to show how indifferent and remiss many white parents are in the matter of m educating their chil dren. The record shows' that the .enrollment of negro children in the schools of Edgetield county is 4,840, while the enrollment of white children is onlj- 2,022.. The average attendance of negro children is 4,440 and the average attendance of the white children is 1,500. Only eight per cent of the former who enroll remain out of school, while 25 per cent of the latter do not at tend even after enrolling. Mr. McColl said the people of our county need to be aroused from their lethargy. While their rural schools need to be improved and should have their standards raised, yet the foregoing figures show that they are not availing themselves of the opportunities that they already have. Mr. McColl called attention to the fact that a great number of voters in the county are unable to read even in the ballots they cast, and very properly added that the taxpayers who have no children in the schools, but whose property is PELLAGRA INCREASING. Large Conference of Physicians Held at Abbeville Saturday to Study the New Dis ease. When the newly discovered dis ease, "pellagra," which possibly is only an old disease with anew name, was first discussed, the laity, and doubtless not a few of the medical fraternity, were disposed to4*eat it as a joke; but the disease has be come so widespread and so disastrous in its effects as to cause considerable alarm. Saturday las j; some seventy-odd physicians and??edica] students from different parts of the state had a conference in Abbeville for the pur pose of studying the, disease. Be sides considerable discussion, sever al valuable papers were read by phy sicians, giving their experience in treating the disease. ^.?\ Greenwood physician who has recently treated nine cases stated that the characteristic symptoms of pellagra are "discoloration of the skin on the hands, arms, neck, knees, and feet, and sometimes face and breast, that develo]) a. red blotchy appearance, then becoming da^k brown, while the skin assumes an erytheinatous condition, with ulcer ations. Accompanying this phenom enon there is a persistent dysentary that will not yield to the usual treat ment and causes emaciation of the patient. The mouth and other body orifices become sore and the tongue assumes a blistered appear ance with accompanying pain that extends backward into the throat and neck.'' One peculiarity of the pellagra is that the mind is affected, resulting in insanity as the disease progresses, i The mortality is generally about fifty per cent, being as high as sev ty-five per cent in some countries. Dr. IT. E. McConnell, of Chester, who was the fir.-t physician ? in this country to diagnose and name the disease, stated that about 75 per cent of his, patients are females but could^vje.ino reason why women are more^su^ceptible-than men. ' ' "As it is >generally belreveo that pellagra is caused by eating bread made from unsound corn, Dr. Mc Connell had the following to say: "If the dis?ase is due to eating bread, etc., made from musty meal, then we must see to it that our "johnny cakes and muffinn' are made from good sound meal like the kind our fathers were raised on. Meal from sound corn, that has stood in the field till frost, after the fodder has been pulled and was thoroughly, dry when harvested, and also selected-the best corn in the crib being put in a bin for meal and the rest fed to the stock. "I believe the Western plan of harvesting corn that is fast being adopted in the South, of cutting and shocking the corn just when the fodder is ripe and the grain still soft, has something to do witl: the development f the fungus tjiat pro duces the disease." taxed for the support of ,0'J schools, have a right to demai that the citizenship of the count^ Q ,ele-..'?t ed in order that the bal:' by' ay'?-* intelligently cast. We '. time Z citizens, better jurors, rv" ld hu who will speak the truth, mer ol telligent parents, all of which is'ti., aim we seek to accomplish through education. Mr. McColl commended the peo ple of Edgetield for having nine school districts in which a special tax is levied for the support of th e public schools but said that num ber should be increased. He de plored the fact that the average salary of the teachers in this county is only ?207. The splendid address of Mr. Mc Coll, so franghtjwith timely admo nitions and wise counsel, made an exceedingly favorable impression. Dr. C. E. Burts was next called upon, and in his forceful manner urged the'people to apply what they had learned from' the able speakers who had addressed them. He said holiness means wholeness, the de velopment of mind, body and soul, and that the tuan who neglects the jrablie school fails to do his duty as a Christian citizen. He predicted that this rally would mark the beginning of a revival of t^iuation in the county, and urged that every community in the county have an educational rally of its own. Dr. Burts was greatly pleased lihat every speaker who preceded "lim had laid great stress upon the com mon schools, the rural schools. He said the ideal community is one in which is found a prosperous church presided over by i Avise, consecrated pastor, with a com Tortable school house near by with well equipped teachers in charge. Tie orreat need of the country is better teachers and better support The South's Greatest "Captain ff Indus * try" at the Helm. the will be heard again in Edgefield, after a silence of Soon the hum of the spindle and the rattle . < than a year. The new company that recently purchased the old property and that "is soon to transform it into a new and enlarged plant, tcrTSe known as the Beaver Dam Mills, has Mr. Lewis^W. Parker, the South's greatest '^aptain of In dustry," as its moving spirit, and associated \vit.h' him are ; loom more Mr. Lewis, Jjjffiarker, cf Greenville. number of large and Tery wealthy cotton m^ijitacturers, who purpose making the Edgefield mill the fin;e^kbest eqip ped plant in this section of the state. The ir^&?ment of their money in Edgefield by these manufactur^sL,;.:togethe?r with the prospect of a greatly enlarged mill, ha?S^nya new impetus to business and portends that there is ab fifer,.bright er day not far distant for the old town. It means more than our people at first , real man of Mr. Parker's wealth and business pr^_ ly associated and vitally connected with om'tow ri. Mr. B. F. Zimmerman, who is to have the "management of the mill is a most affable and agreeable gentleman, hav ing during his short stay among us impressed' 'our people not only by his splendid business ability but with the fact that his dealings with them shall always be upon a broad^gener ous plane. to have a * - -""eicse MILITARY Pl THE EDGEFIELD I Will give a |?cn CENTRE SPRING ' Thursday, August > iee irt the Erfr CO i I lpn, ?< ie* ' anta" " I tion Investigation. Md, Special. - Mrs " of Portland. Ore., r,;?- Rosa Sutton Music eS-J? Wash er, 'id, to fight Buribbiofi dil The publie is Congress ?fte changes in the lea ? "Payne^ ??;.V and adjourns President signed promptly. Foreign The par of Ru ?f England mot a ?n Monday. m' ,Jpard a ship v;ewed the B 'ist comr. nth thc The ( Conf?d?ral4 V t?) be present a ed schools, consolidating small, weak schools wherever possible. Dr. Burts said that people can have better schools, and what they can have they ougltt to have. The distinguished speakers of the day were extended a rising vote of thanks for i eir magnificent ad dresses, the like of which is seldom heard anywhere. Mr. A. R. Nicholson, the County Superintendent of Education, and the members of th 1 county board of education were ci-umended very highly for the ettore put forth in the interest of the educational ral ly. The ladies of Edgefield were also commended for the delightful lunch which they very thoughtfully orovided. Don't Blame the Photographer. Irate Woman-"These photo graphs you mace of myself and hus band are not al all satisfactory and I refuse to accept them?" Photog raphs-" Wha's wrong with th em?' Irate Woman-Yhat's wrong! Why, my husband lodes like a baboon. Photographert"Well, that's no fault of mine, hadam. You should have thought (f that before you had him taken."-(jhicago Daily Niews. A Chriijian Warning. We deem it a solemn duty to warn young ouples either to avoid 39 cent hamrocks or else to bam g them very lor. REHOBOTH NEWS. Very Able Addresses at the W O. W. Picnic, Delightful "Measuring" Party. Meeting at Rehoboth. ' (Written for last wsek.) At this writing Monday afternoon ive are having a splendid season of rain which is very beneficial to the >Toung crops. The W. O. W. picnic at Li berty Sill last Thursday was a most en oyable gathering. The crowd was arge and good order prevailed. The limier was a most delightful one md the program was well carried rat. Prof. W. W. Fuller in a very ippropriate speech welcomed all 'isitors and also presided over the neeting. The first speaker intro hiced was one whom all delight ,o honor, the Hon. J. C. Sheppard, )f Edgefield, who stood in a few rand red yards of his old native lome and who as usual made an ex client speech. In his opening re narks he became reminiscent and ?poke of his boyhood days and paid i beautiful and touching tribute to lome of the heroes of the commun i y who had been called up higher md whose faces he sadly missed. Te also spoke of the great advance ni'iit of the American people in the ast century and of the confidence md brotherly feeling now existing, mcouraged largely by the great 'rateinal orders. The next speaker introduced was Elev. J. T. Littlejohn, of Red Hill, vlio has the happy faculty of making limself at home everywhere. He ipoke at some length of the great ?ood that has been accomplished jy the Woodmen of the World and )ther fraternal organizations. His ?peech was followed along the same ine by Rev. J. P. Dendy, of An lerson, who is the pastor of Betha ?y chut-ch. Rev. S. R. Bass of Mc cormick also made a capital speech. We feel that this gathering has , aeeu of great benefit to our camp md also to the surrounding com nunity in many respects. !Last Friday evening a large-. ?-rr.wd of young people and several Dicier ones enjoyed very-much th '; measuring party at the home of Mr. C. C. Burkhalter. The evening ?vas delightfully spent in playing carious games, also a flower contest ;vas very interesting to quite a num ber who took part. Mr. J. D. Hugh ?y and Miss Tillie Gilchrist won ?IFLES ic at , 19'lx jpera j Beaden's Evidently an Irish Lad. The grocer's boy was lumbering ip the kitchen stairway with his irms full of packages. "Boy" said the mistress of the louse, somewhat sharply, 'are your eet clean?" "Yes'm" he answered, still climb ng the stair.-- "It's only me shoes hat's dirty."-Chicago Tribune. Echo From the Home. Te: aei-Now Willie, can you neni . any creature that belongs a the .mite creation? Willie--Yes'm; Pa does,'cause na says so. PARKSVILLE PENCILINGS. Revival Services Close. Meeting at Modoc This Week. Lec ture by Japanese Stu dent, ; Our aeries of meetings closed Friday last. Bro. Geo. Wright, of Newberry, doing all the preaching after Monday. Rev. Mr. Wright, who is an Edgefield preacher, though he has been at Newbery 19 years which speaks volumes in it self is a good man, and a most ex cellent preacher. He is very conse crated, has a fine mind, has a pleas ing address, and a magnetic voice, and is easily among the best preach ers in the state. He preached the plain gospel truth with force and great clearness in the power bf the spirit-and love of the Master. There were no accessions, but we trust tho church was greatly benefitted and strengthened. Our pastor Rev. L. B. White commenced a meeting at Modoc yesterday, being assisted by Rev. Frank M. Hauser, of St. Matthews. Mr. Hauser is no stranger, having preached in protracted meetings at Modoc and Parksville a few years ago, to the delight of all our peo ple. Our meeting brought among us many interesting visitors but none gave us more pleasure than that of Mr. and Mrs. Ed Prince, of Cold Spring, and their beautiful little daughter, Fannie Bell. Fannie Bell is not only sweet and pretty, but she is exceedingly smart and inter esting for a child of her age. We hope they will come often. Miss Aleen Parks, of Augusta, the daughter of Mr. Felix Parks, has been ^visiting her cousin, Miss Sallie Parks. It was not only a treat to Miss Aleen to get to visit relatives, but to get to attend our meeting and hear such good preach ing was a greater one. Mr. and Mrs. John Brunson have just returned from a week's visit to their son, John Jr., over in Union, and Miss Virginia Stone and her son, Luther, to a visit to Mr. Stone's brother Jim in the eastern p?rt/of thev state of a week's dura tio: Miss May Bell, and your most ex cellent correspondent, Mr. John Hughey, all of Rehoboth, gladden ed us by a recent visit in attend ance upon our meeting. The B. Y. P. U. meeting last night was exceptionally good, the subject being Sonship-or depend ence upon God. Miss Addie Bell read an excellent paper on the Resurrection, and Miss Martha Dorn also read a beautiful paper on Heaven. The interest was good, and thc meeting helpful. It was announced last night that on Monday night August 9th, a Mr. Murata, a Japanese st?dent * Wofford college, would lecture in the Baptist church on ''manners and customs of Japan" illustrating said lecture by stereopticon views. Mr. Murata has had two years at Wofford, and is trying to make his expense? by a lecturing tour, and we 'jope all who can will help him by attending. The c )S are thought to be two weeks 1 and corn very sorry as n,ule. ? >rn in Washington town ey : * tter than any v here else >nty that I have observed. vi late and the yield depends seasons from now on un idle of September, but a r*an hardly be expected. MORE ANON. i beautiful box of flowers, mjoyable feature of the fe is acting the old maid by M ico vainc Talbert. Delightful re freshments were also served during the evening. The handsome sum of ?20.00 less the expense was realized, which will be used for missionary purposes. Last Saturday evening Mr. B. D. Seigler served ice cream in hon or of the visitors of the community among whom are the Misses Wil liams, Miss Mattie Stalnaker and Mrs. W. W. Fuller. Quite a number of the young people of the commu nity were present and enjoyed the afternoon very much. We are sorry [to report that Mr. 3. B. Strom is quite sick. Miss Weinona Strom is visiting Miss Lila Lanham, of the Republi can community this week. Miss Emmie Perrin, of Atlanta, is visiting her aunt, Mrs. Jennie Gilchrist. Miss Cathie Blake, formerly of Ninety Six, but nowr a trained nurse \t the Augusta hospital, visited Miss Tonnie and Miss Tillie Gilchrist last week. Misses Mamie Seigler, Kittie Lou Hughey, Louise and Gertrude Wil liams visited Mrs. John L. Talbert of McCormick, last Sunday and Monday. Miss Wilmoth Jackson will re JOHNSTON LETTER. Block of Beautiful New Brick Stores. Town Hall to be Built by Mr. Toney Turner. Many Visitors Mrs. Sammon, o?* Macon, Ga., is the guest of her daughter, Mrs. J. H. Wright. Mr. Cummings, of Georgetown, was here last week visiting friends. Mrs. Ida Stevens and Mr. Lewis Stevens visited relatives here last week. Rev. B. J. Guess has gone to Uope, S. C., to assist Rev. Harmon in a meeting. Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Hazel, of Spartanburg, arrived this week for i visit to friends and relatives. Misses Maggie Cummings and Ettie Smith, have gone to Aiken, to spend sometime with relatives. Mrs. Laura Waites has returned :rom Trenton, where she visited her Laughter, 'Mrs. Ollie Posey. Miss Sallie Milford has gone to Elendersonville, N. C., to spend :ier vacation. Mrs. H. C. Bailey and Miss Nel ie Vera, have gone to Columbia for i visit to relatives. Miss Myra Glenn, of Batesburg, s the guest of Mrs. J. A. Gibson. Mr. and Mrs. Hillary Crouch lave gone to the mountains to spend i while. \ . Main street presents a pleasing ippearance since the new brick ?tores have been completed. There ire only three more wooden build ngs on this block, and Mr. M. T. Furner has purchased two of them md later on will tear them dow md erect two modern and up-t late stores, titting up the upp story as a town hall. The- otb store is owned by Mr. Rufus De .ick who will also replace the woo m store with a brick structure. Grady Ryan, the three year-o mild of Ed Ryan, colored, was i jidentally shot and killed on Tut lay. A loaded gun had been plac m a chair and the child ran agair t, and as the gun fell to the flo t discharged, the contents enterii ;he left shoulder and thev heai ?using instant death. On last Monday afternoon duri] Lrain storm, lightning struck tl -evidence of Mr. D. R. Stroth? rhe bolt struck the corner of t louse .tearing off considerab ?vtather-boarding; from here t jolt passed through the hall tear! iway part of the rear door, a: loing some damage to the kitch< Mr. Strother and his family,were ;hc house, and were only sligh mocked. It is miraculous that nc )f them were killed, as the^c ,vere flying through the house. Rev. M. L. Lawson, pastor of t Baptist church, assisted in t neeting at Rocky Creek last wet.-,, md 6 new members were added to -he church roll as a result of the neeting. Owing to the excessive .ains, the last service was held on Wednesday afternoon. Rev. Law son will go up to Meeting Street on Monday and assist Rev. Heckle in ris meeting at Stevens Creek ?hurch. Miss Mamie Stansell entertained Arith an elaborate tea on Thursday ?vening in honor of her visitors, Misses Slator, of Orangeburg, Chil lers, of Laurens, and Mosely, of 3reer. Mr. Frank Bland, of Thompson, Sa., arrived last week for a visit. Miss Mary Spann Harrison was it home Friday evening to a few of 1er friends, and charmingly enter tained. Miss Sarah Stevens bas gone to Saluda to visit friends. Mr. Petigo Lowrey, of Big >eek, is here for a short visit. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Clark, of \iken, are guests this week at the lome of Mr. Syvian Sawyer. Mrs. Chas. King and children, of Savannah, are spending this month nth the former's sister, Mrs. W. r. Huiet. Misses An irina and Nina Ouzts ire at Asheville, N. C., for a few lays. Mr. P. B. Waters, Jr., is having umber laid for the re-modeling ol' lis dwelling in town, and when ?ompleted, will leave his farm near own to occupy this. Mrs. J. W. Payne, who has been nike sick for the past month is mich improved. Swift's Premium Hams and Geor gia Cane syrup at B. Timmons. urn to her home at Newport, S. C., o morrow, Tuesday. Mr. and Mrs. D. I. Morgan re amed from Glenn Springs last iaturday. Mr. Morjan is very much mproveci in health. Rev. J. T. Littlejohn will con luct a series of meetings at Reho )oth next week. SUBSCRIBER.