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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, August 11, 1909, Image 5

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Believes It To Bs A Since
Thc Republican Party
^Washington, Special.-President
Tait Thursday gave out a statement
embodying his views of the hew tariff
-act, which he designates officially as
h. the "P?yne bill," in accordance with
past custom of giving . first recogni
tion to theVframer of the measure in
i the House W Representatives.
The statement in full follows:
"I have signed the Payne tariff
bill because I believe it to be the re
,; ?ult of a sincere effort on the part
of the Republican party to make a
. downward revision, and to comply
I with the promises of the platforto as
they have been generally understood,
and as I interpreted them in the cam
} paign before election.
I , "The bill is not a perfect tariff bill,
* or a complete compliance with the
I promises made, strictly interpreted.
I but a fulfillment, free from criticism
I* in respect to a subject matter in
\% volving many schedules and thou
sands of articles, could not be expect
ed. It suffices to say that except
with regard to whiskey, liquors and
wines, and in regard to silks and as
to some high class cottons-all of
which may be treated as luxuries and
proper subjects of a revenue tariff
3 there have been very few increases
H in rates.
'"There have been a great number
of real decreases in rates and they,
constitute a sufficient amount to jus- ?
tify the statement that his bill is a
substantial downward revision, and a
j" .reduction of excessive rates.
"This is not a free-trade bill. It
was not intended to be. The Repub
lican party did not promise to make a
free-trade bill.
"Ii promised to make the rates
protective, but to reduce them when
ttey exceed the difference between
the cost of production abroad and
here, making allowance for the ehest
er normal profit on active invest
ments here. I believe that while this
excess has not been reduced in a
number of cases, in a great majority,
the rates are such as are necessary to
protect American industries, but arc
Richmond, Ya., Special.-With re
turns from the Democratic primary
still incomplete, indications Friday
were that Judge William Hodges
Mann, of Nottoway, has been nomi
nated for. Governor over Harry St.
George Tucker, of Rockbridge, by a
majority of from. 3,000 to 5,000.
J. Taylor Ellysin, the present Lieu
tenant Governor, has been renomi
nated without doubt and Samuel Wil
liams is the party's choice for Attor
ney . General. Indications Friday
night pointed strongly to the defeat of
G. W. Koiner, the incumbent, for the
nomination for Commissioner of Ag
riculture, by J. T. Brown. The early
returns were favorable to Kaiser.
There is no significance in the nomi
nations +':>r- the House of Deelgates (
on the liquor/ question as this issue did
not' enter into the contests in the var
,. Asheville, Special.-The Southern
Soft Yarn Spinners' Association,
with representatives from Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina, Geor
gia, Alabama and Tennessee, met in
special session Friday afternoon at
the Battery Park Hotel here for the
consideration of the conditions in the
soft yarn business. The members
were in executive session for about
four hours. J. P. McRae, of Laurin
burg, president, presided, and Robert
Chapman, acted as secretary.
At the end of the executive session
the members would not give out to
the press what was done in the meet
$1,000,000 ESSON GRANITE
Salisbury, Special.-The Esson
Granite Company, the million dollar
concern recently organised with large
quarries at Granite Quary this coun
ty, and headquarters in this city, is
in the hands of Mr. George R. Collins,
an experienced granite man of this
city, as receiver, he being named at
Asheville Thursday and he gave bond
in the sum of $25,000 with Charles J.
Columbia, S. C., Special.-Presi
dent Thomas F. Parker, of the Mona
ghan Mills, Greenville, is prosecut
ing an investigation in to the hook
worm disease among his serveral hun
dred employes through a bright and
capable young physician, the results
of which will doubtless be of great in
terest to mill managers and othe^
employers of labor that comes largely i
from the small farms in this and .?
er Southern States,
i While in Greenville a few daysi
ago the writer had a talk with the I
Montgomery, Ala., Special.-The
Carmichael prohibition bill, far more
drastic than the present statutory
State-wide prohibition law, which
passed the Senate Friday afternoon
by a vote of 28 to 2, and which now
awaits only the signature of Ala
bama's prohibition executive before
becoming the law, has already scored
a far-reaching effect so far as the
operation of locker clubs and near
beer saloons are concerned. From all
Philadelphia, Pa., Special.-"This
is a declaration of war. My life is
openly staked on the result, for I am
prepared to meet you any time and
place you may name. The weapons I
shall use are dynamite and other high
Thus wrote Agram E. Eby, mayor
and referee in -bankruptcy in Burt
ville, Va., to the president of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, Philadelphia,
"op July 23/' naming $45,000 as the
?re Effort On Thc Part Of
For A Downward Re<
i Tax Just ftlsasurs.
low enough in case of abnormal in
crease of demand, and raising of
prices, to permit the possibility of the
importation of the foreign article and
thus to prevent excessive prices.
"The power granted to the Execu
tive under the maximum and mini
mum clause may be exercised to se
cure the removal of obstacles which
have been interposed by foreign gov
ernments in the way of undue and
unfair discrimination against Ameri
can merchandise and products.
"The Philippine tariff section I
Lave struggled to secure for ten years
last past, and it gratifies me exceed
ingly by my signature to give it the
effect of law. I am sure it will great
ly increase the trade between the
two countries, and it will do much to
build up the Philippines in a health
ful prosperity.
"The administrative clauses o*! the
bill and the customs court are admir
ably adapted to secure a more uni
form and a more speedy final con
"The authority to the President
to use agents to assist him in the ap
plication of the maximum and min
imum section of the statute, and" to
enable officials to administer the law,
gives "a wide latitude for the acqui
sition, under circumstances favorable
tc its truth, of information in respect
tc the price and cost of production of
goods at home and abroad, which will
throw much light on the operation
oi the present tariff anl be of pri
mary importance as officially collect
?e data upon which future executive
action and executive recommendation
miy be based.
"The incorporation tax is a just
ar d equitable excise measure, which,
it is hoped, will produce a sufficient
amount to prevent a deficit and which
inridentally will secure valuable sta
tistics and information concerting
the many corporations of the cour.try
and will constitute an important irtep
toward that degree of publicity and
regulation, which the tendency in cor
porate enterprises in the last twenty
years has shown to be necessary.*'
ions districts, lt is predicted by
Democratic leaders that if, a State
wide prohibition measure is offered
in either branch of the Assembly it
will be defeated although not a dc zen
of the Democratic nominees are
pledged either way.
Judge Mann had the support of the
anti-saloon league during his cam
paign although both he and his op
ponent went before the voters as fa
voring local option. Judge Mann in
dicated, however, that he would sign
a State-wide prohibition bill if pass
ed by the Legislature,
Tucker on the other hf
thit he would veto sud
M\ Tucker made a str
reason of a larger persoi
having scarcely any
wi ile Judge Mann's fore
or??an iz'ed, _
ing, other than to say tuc memi-cia
feel sure that in a reasonabley sb ort
time the chaotic conditions which
have prevailed in the soft yarn busi
ness for the last year and a "half mil
soon be a thing of the past. "With
thu tariff question now out of the
wt.y, they look for an increasing de
mi nd for yarn and that soon the price
of yarn will be in accord with the
price of cotton, instead of on the
low parity at which it has been sell
ing for some time past.
Some of the members advised a
dosing of mills for a while or curtail
ment for the present
Harris, late Republican candidate :or
Governor, as surety. The receivership
resulted owing to the death of Mr.
Herbert C. Hammond, of Canada,
who was largely interested and whose
estate is said to be worth $5,000,000.
That this step will not hinder the op
erations at the works is good news
hers. It is expected that the receiv
ership will be of shqrt duration. .
young physician, who modestly in
sisted that his name be not used as
he had not had enough of expreier.ee
to warrant his being set up as an ex
pert, and was shown a number of pa
tients being treated for the disease.
The most striking an interesting as
well as encouraging feature of the
work going on at Greenville, as it oc
curred to the interviewer, was the
rapid response of the patients to
treatment anl the assurances from the
medical men that the worst cai.es
could be entirely freed from the dis
ease within a few weeks.
parts of the State come reports that
with the news of the passage of the
Carmichael bili near-beer saloons, a^id
clubs wherein liquors have been dis
pensed to members under the locker
system, were dismantled and the State
is almost as dry as it will ever be.
In Montgomery even social clubs of
the highest class have been closed and
early in the afternoon the njar-bcer
men began the removal of alf drink
ables from their places.
ransom for the safety of the railroad,
its steamships and the traveling pub
lic and otherwise thereatening the
Pernsylvania Railroad. Following a
carefully laid plot of the Federal
po..al detectives, Eby was arrested in
this city last week while in company
of Oswalk J. Derousse, chief clerk to
Mr. McRae, who acted for the lattar,
inveigling Mayor Eby to this city.
He waa given a hearing by U. S.
Commissioner Craig and held in $10,
000 bail for September term of court.
Trusted Oficial of Anderson Textile
Concern Charged With Breach of
Trust and Misappropriation of $50,
000 of the Milt's Money-Books
Found in a Chaotic Condition.
Anderson, S. C., Special.-Secre
tary and Assitant Cashier Calhoun
Harris., of the Orr Cotton Miiis. was
arrested Tuesday morning on a war
rant secured by President J. D. Ham
mett charging breach of trust, it be
ing alleged that he misappropriated
$50,000, or more of the eompany
Tuesday night he was quartede un
der guard in a room at Chiquola Hotel
and refused to give out any'statement
otherwise than that he has not mis
appropriated one dollar of the com
pany's and that everything will be
found all right when the expert ac
countants get through with auditing
the books. He admits that his books
are tangled up and that they have
been so for some time. He also ad
mits that he has made false entries
to force balances at different times.
The first intimation of a shortage
came on Tuesday of last week. About
two weeks ago two accountants of
the American Audit Company came
to Anderson to audit the books of the
mills as is customary about once a
year. After working for a few days
the experts found one or two items
which did not appear correct. Ou
further examination it appeared that
Mr. Harris was short in his accounts
$50,000. When his attention was call
ed to it he said the showing was cor
rect but claimed that it was due to
clerical errors. He also said hat the
errors had existed for several years;
that he had made repeated efforts to
find the mistakes but jad been un
able to do so. President Hammett,
and the directors questioned Mr. Har
ris closely and were disposed to be
lieve him when he insisted that the
shortage was due to clerical errors.
As the investigation proceeded, how
ever, .many false entries were found
and many things appeared which did
not tend to help Mr. Harris from sus
Kimball Admits Crime.
Southern Pines, N. C., Special.
George A. Kimball, cashier of the Cit
izens' Bank, arrived Monday night
from Maine. He collapsed almost im
mediately upon reaching the house.
Tuesday he was able to get up and
tvas taken to the bank, where he
simply threw up his hands and said:
"I did it and that is all there is to
.i." He also said that in addition t?
the $15,000, another $1,100 had been
iaken, making the total shortage $16,
100. His arrest followed.
G. S. Burleigh, A. S. Newcomb, and "
Mrs. Tarbell furnished $3,000 bond
for his appearance at court on the
16th instant.
He has turned overdo the bank of
ici?is his property valued at some
?5,000; his wife has given up all her
private property, valued at about $1,
500, and this, with the $3,000 bond
from -1
nain m ? e? juco river caused a sad
accident Tuesday afternoon at An
drew's ferry, northeast of Wades
boro. Three men lost their lives and
several others had narrow escapes.
H. A. Little, of Rockingham, for
merly Representative from Richmond
county, and his uncle, S. P. Myers,
of Memphis, Tenn., were en route
home from Norwood and attempted to
cross the river at the ferry. The boat
was in charge of Jule Snuggs, ferry
man, and Oscar Coalson. While ia
mid-stream one of the chains attach
ed to the cable slipped and the boat
was capsized and immediately sank.
Little and Myers were in a buggy
drawn by two horses. SSnuggs, the
ferryman, was drowned, and Coalson
caught a snag, keeping his head above
the water. Harley Tomlinson and
Frank Foust were on the river hank
and immediately went to the rescue
of Coalson in a row boat. This boat
was also cpasized and Oscar Coalson
and Harley Towlinson were drowned.
Mr. Little was swept down the
river for almost a mile and finally
swam to the shore.
No Ciao to Kidnapers.
St. Louis, Special-After more
than 24 hours of unremitting search,
the St. Louis police Tuesday had
gamed no tangible clue to the where
abouts of the kidnapers of Grace and
Alfonso Viviano, who were lured
from their home Monday. The dis
tracted relatives of the missing child
ren are now reported to be willing to
pay the ransom of $25,000 demanded
by the abductors. The police have
arrested Joseph Pa?rano, his wife and
his mother-in-law. Rosa Dragota. The
women were released later, brt Pag
ano is still in custody.
Pronounce Thaw Insane.
"White Plains, N. J., Special-Three
of those medical men known as alien
ists, who have become such a familiar
part of modern criminal court pro
cedure, united in the Supreme Court
Tuesday to make it unpleasant for
Harry'K. Thaw. All three testified
that he was insane. Dr. Baker said
that in his opinion Thaw was not only
insane now, but a dangerous person
to be at large.
All Danger of Race Riot Passed.
FariJ1. - , Special.-All danger
of a race rkrt here appeared to have
passed. Several automobile parties
from Rome, Ga., arrived to investi
gate and to offer their services in
case trouble should , develop. The
Perkins brothers, who led the negroes
in the attack on Harper Wright, have
not been captured. Charles Minson,
a member of the negro mob that as
saulted young Wright, was tried
Tuesday morning and heavily fined.
Senate Amendments Practi
cally Stand.
Bates Compared With. Paine Bill
and Also With Dingley Bill-Sates
Raised Where Protection Was In
sufficient and Lowered Where Pro
Washington, Special-Practically
all the administrative features of the
tariff bill which were jjdopted in the
Senate were accepted by the con
ferees. They, include a new maxi
mum and minimum feature, a corpor
ation tax law, instead of the inheri
tance tax adopted by the House, au
thorization for a hoed issue to rais?
money to build the Panama Canal,
and numerous other matters.
Maximum and Minimum.
The maximum and minimum pro
vision prescribes duties in accordance
with the rates named in the dutiable
list until March 31, 1910, when 25
per cent, ad valorem is. to be added
automatically, as the maximum duty.
The President is authorized to apply
the minimum rates, however, to im
ports from a country which gives its
best rates to the products of the
United States, and is made the judge
as to whether ? foreign country ac
cords to the United States treatment
which is reciprocal and equivalent.
When he finds'that this condition
exists he is to issue ? proclamation
putting in effect the minimum rates,
and until the time of th proclamation
the maximum rates will apply.
Abrogation of Treaties.
The President is empowered to ab
rogate those reciprocity treaties
which can be terminated by diplo
matic action. It is made his duty to
give ten days' notice after the bill
becomes a law of his intention to
bring those treaties'1o an end.
Trade With Philippines.
The Philippine free trade provis
ion, which was considerably elabo
rated by the Senate, provides for the
free importation of all articles "the
growth or product of' or manufac
tured in the Philippine Islands from
material the growth or product of
the Philippine Islands or the United
States, or both, or which do not con
tain foreign materials to the value
of more than 20 per cent, of their
total value." Rice is the only excep
tion to the free provisions, but re
strictions are placed upon sugar and
tobacco. The free importation of
sugar is limited to 300,000 tons a
year. On wrapper and filler tobacco
when mixed, the annual limitation
is 300.000 pounds; on filler tobacco,
1,000,000 pounds, anil on cigars, 150,
Tax on Tobacco.
The intern a 1 m von??
_E_~ FIJ. anting iarmers tue
free sale of leaf tobacco places a re
striction on the retail dealer which
requires him to record every sale
amounting to two pounds or more to
one person in one day. A number of
other ironclad requirements included
in the redraft of this section, as
adopted by the conference committee,
are intended to prevent any frauds
upon the internal revenues and at
the same time give as much of a local
market as possible to the tobacco
Corporation Tax.
Every corporation, joint stock com
pany, or association organized for
profit, and every insurance company
is required to pay annually an ex
cise tax of 1 per cent, upon its net
income over and above $5,000. This
feature was put into the bill to raise
additional revenues to apply on the
Treasury deficit.
It is estimated that $20,000,000 to
$30,000,000 a year will be collected
under this new form of Federal tax
The Metal Schedule.
Probably thc most marked reduc
tions throughout any schedule in the
bill as a result of the action of the
two houses and of thc conference
committtec, are found in the metal
schedule. Beginning with a decrease
in the rate of iron ore of 40 to 15
cents per ton, there is a general re
duction throughout that portion of
the bill, pig iron going down from
$4 to $2.50 per ton. and scrap iron
from $4 to $1. The reduction on
roany of the items in this schedule
amounts to about 50 per cent... and
'his reduction induces steel rails
There is an increase on structural
steel ready for use, and also a alight
increase on razors, nippers a-ad pliers,
and on such new metals as tungsten.
Lumber and Cotton.
Rough lumber goes down from $2
to $1.25 per 1,C00 feet, with a corre
sponding reduction in the differential
on dressed lumber.
The entire cotton schedule was re
censtructcd, and the phraseology
changed in the hope of preventing
reductions through decisions by t he
courts, such as j have characterized
the administration of the Dingley
law during lafteV days.
In many instances the rates En
tended to be imposed by the Dingley
law were cut by these decisions, the
reductions in some instances being
from 60 per cent, to 8 per cent., ad
valorem. It is] estimated that the
rates fixed by .the bill are about 3
per cent, higher upon an average
than those collected on cottons last
year. The rates on cotton hosiery
are generally increased.
In the much-contested watter of
the rate -on gloves, thc high protec
tionists fail; to score.
Winns and Liquors.
Sugar and tobacco duties remais
?ubstantially as they are under the
Dingley law.
There is a uniform increase on
spirits, wines and liquors of 15 per.
There is an increase in lemons,
figs, almonds and pineapples
Common ' window glass bf the
lower sizes, in which the imports are
heavy, is given a reduction, and
where changes were made in the
chemical schedule there was a gen
eral decrease except upon such ar
ticles as fancj' soaps and perfumes,
which were increased.
Wood Pulp and Print Paper.
The publishers win their fight for
lower wood pulp and print paper, the
rate' on the ordinary new print paper
being fixed at $3.75 per ton instead
of $6, as under the Dingley law, and
on the higher grades of print paper
at $3.75 instead of $8. Mechanically
ground wood pulp is to come in free
of duty instead of paying 1-12 of a
cent a pound as under the Dingley
law, but provision is made for a coun
tervailing duty in case it becomes
necessary to protect this country
against Canada's inhibitations upon
the exportations ,of woods to the
United States.
Hides and Leather Goods.
Hides of cattle come in free, and
there is a corresponding reduction on
leather and leather goods. The House
rates are practically retained on sole
leather, leather for uppers, boots and
shoes and harness, but the free hide
provision is based on the condition
that on and after October 1, 1909,
sole leather from the hides that are
to be admitted free will pay a duty
of 5 per cent.; grain, buff and split
leather, 71-2 per cent.; boots and
shoes, the upper leather of which is
made from ?UPU hides, 10 per cent.,
and harness a?d saddlery, 20 per
This schedule of rates will result
in a reduction of 15 per cent, on
boots and shoes, 20 per cent, on har
ness and saddlery, 15 per cent, on
sole leather and 121-2 per cent, on
leather for uppers, ii made of th?
hides that are put on the free list
by the provision.
Bituminous coal is reduced from
67 cents to 45 cents a ton.
Daniel Wins Fight.
Binding twine is retained on the
free list. Cotton ties are made duti
able at three-tenths of a cent per
pound and cotton bagging at six
tenths of-a cent per square yard. On
quebracho, the tanning extract for a
stiff dut yon which Senator Daniel
made such a strenuous fight, the
House rates of one-half and three
quarters of a cent per pound are re
tained, which is almost all that the
Virginia Senator asked.
Payne's Analysis.
Mr. Payne's statement in the
House included an analysis of the
bill, showing both the increase and
the decreases, but this detailed pre
sentation was preceded by a general
summary, in which he- undertook to
show th*? -?"
upon which duties have been raised,
and also the articles upon which
duties have been lowered by the bill
as finally reported from the confer
ence committee* This had been done
because comparisons have been made
based upon the amount of importa
tions, he said.
"Duties," he continued, "hace
been lowered where they were too
high under the present law, some
times prohibitive in character, and
for that reason the importations were
comparatively small. On the other
hand, they have been raised in some
instances where the tariff was insuf
ficient for protection and the impor
tations were verv great."
Relating to Chemicals.
Taking up the schedules in their
order, he gave, first, the increases
and then the decreases. The figures,
in all cases, were comparisons with
the Dingley law. In Schedule A, re
lating to chemicals, he gave the in
crease as follows:
Liquid anhydrous ammonia from
25 per cent, ad valorem to 5 cents
per pound.
Manufactures of collodion ineres
ed 5 per cent.
Coca leaves increased 5 cents per
Fancy soaps increased from 15
cents pound to 50 per cent, ad va
The Kst of decreases in this sched
ule was much longer, the principal
items being as follows:
Boracic acid from 5 to 2 cents per
Chromic acid and lactic acid from
3 to 2 cents per pound.
Salicylic acid from 10 to 5 cents
per pound.
Tannie acid or tannin from 50 to
35 cents per pound.
Sulphate of ammonia from 3-10
cent per pound to the free list.
Borax from 5 to 2 cents per pouud.
Borate of lime and other borate
material from 4 to 2 cents per pou^l.
Chloroform from 20 to 10 cc*
per pound.
Copperas from 1-4 cent to 15-100
of 1 cent per pound.
Ioiloform from $1 to 75 cents per
Licorice from 41-2 to 21-2 cents 1
per pound.
Cottonseed oil and colton oil from
the dutiable to the free list.
Flaxseed, linseed and poppyseed
oil from 20 to 15 cents per gallon.
Peppermint oil from 50 to25 cents
p?r gallon.
Ocher and ochcry earths, sienna
and sienna earthc, and limber and
r.mbcr earths, if ground in oil, or
water, from 1 1-2 to 1 cent per,
Varnishes from 35 per cent, to 25
per cent, ad valorem.
Methylated and spirit varnishes
from $1.32 per gallon and 35 per
cent, ad valorem to 35 cents per gal
lon and 35 per cent, ad valorem.
Princess Cantacuzene of St. Peters
burg, who was Miss Julia Dent Grant
of this city, has come into posses
sion of the smallest watch in the
world. It was made for 'the last Em
press of Brazil on her direct order to
W. Gogelln, one of the most fam
ous of all Geneva watchmakers. Goge
lin spent three years at the tas?, and
permanently weakene*.! his eyes strain
ing to flt the watch together. He re
ceived $25,000, which he held to be
a small price. The watch is exactly
one-filfth of an inch in diameter and
is set In a circle of small diamonds
in a gold ring. It is wound with an
old-fashioned key and keeps excellent
time. The Princess is said to have
bought the watch for less than its
original value, although several Eu
ropean museoiims were in the market
for it.-New York Press.
K">-I"I"I"I"l"i-T-M-l-i'I"I'M'M 1
President. Cashier
CAPITAL $250,000.03.
Surplus & Profits $190,000.00.
The business of ocr out-of-town friends
receives the same cans?o! attention aa that
of our local depositors. The accounts ot
careful consewative people solicited.
H-M'H Il-M-M'l'Hl'MtM
un 11 M 1111 yu HM/
The Planter's Loan
and Savings Bank
Augusta, Ca?
Pays Interest on Deposits,
J* Accounts Solicited.
fi 'I i i ^^^H?'^H4'^l?'H"H'^
1 now represent a strong
line of Fire Insurance
Companies and oan insure
your property.
Your patronage will be
Agent, Edge
1 E. J? ft
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gi? Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belt?
and Pipes. WOOD S ATVS
Gins and Press Repairs.
17 tO 20
$14 95
14 29
*5 99
16 37
16 77
17 18
17 62
18 08
18 57
19 08
22 io
^Seld, S. C.
i. H. a
cn fines
are so prac
tical and so
simple that wheo
you start them they
mn until you step
them whether you are
watching or not New
out of repair; dontwastefoeL
Cali on us and we wu! gladly
explain the good points of the
I. H. ?. engfo*. f i? f

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