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Established 1335. i J. L?. M IMS .... EDITOR . TERMS: , > ONE YEAR ----- $1.50 SIX MONTHS - .- .75 WfiDNESDAS, OCT 13, 1909 fThe bounds ol a man's knowl edge are easily concealed ?be., has ?bat prudence.-GOLD-. SMITH. Plant Winter Covering Crops. By all means plant a ?winter cov ering crop: npon your land. - When we consider the intelligence of the average farmer, it is surprising how few realize the importance of such a crop. It-seems that y the agitation of this important matter will haye to continue for several years before the great mashes of farmers are awakened to its importance; such . was the case when the .agitation of the question of deep plowing began At first the average farmer paid lit tie heed to the agitation by the agri cultural ^papers and press generally. Finally, one or two in each neigh borhood deepened their soil and pro vided for storing winter rains by us ? ing two-borse plows. Others saw the good results of "the "experiment" and began to plow deeper also, while now there can scarcely be found a farmer who does not own on e or more two-horse plows. Winter covering crops not only : increase the fertility, particularly -when legumes are planted, but they prevent washing and increase the supply of hunius or vegetable matter. If you feel that you cannot afford to experiment with vetch and clover, , by all means sow rye. Unless the legumes are sown ai; once it will be too late, bat rye can be sown at any time during October-the ear- j lier the better, however. Edgefield Oil Mill Operates as ?n Independent Mill :. Without intending to criticise or lind fault with any individual or set of individuals, The Advertiser feels j constrained for the public good to call attention to certain conditions that exist in Edgefield, . as seen by one on^.the outside. .4 It will be remembered that in <;..; years gone by-no criticism of> any past administration of the mill be- j ing intended--if was alleged, time and time again, that the Edgefield oil mill was in combination or .acted in collusion with other milln to keep the price of cotton seed below* that paid in'other to*wns in this section. In fact, the writer distinctlyte-.J calls one occasion when the small townson the Augusta and Knox-, ville road paid more for seed, with the freight added, than was " ' ing paid by the mill and other buyers here at JSdgefield. . We do not charge that a combination ever ex isted, but the farmers and others entertained the belief that the price of seed was, during a large portion of the time, controlled by agree-x ment or through concert of action on the part of the mills that bought seed on the Edgefield market. It is currently believed that the, policy, of?he large wealthy compa ... nies ojrnibga number of mills has been to whip the local pr indepen dent mills into line, or declare war, ~u?on them and drive them out of business. Then, with the small or local mill closed down, the Targe mills can buy seed practically at their own price. We understand j that Aiken has had such an expe ^ rience. An independent mill was op erated in the town of Aiken years several years ago but finally had to succumb, discontinuing operation 'Altogether. ? ^The Edgefield oil mill was sold last summer, and, under the new management, entered the seed mark et at the-opening of the presept sea as an independent mill. While we do not know who brought it about, yet j it is true that what is commonly known as a seed "war" has been pre cipitated.^ The price of seed has been several cents per bushel higher on the Edgefield market than has prevailed in most of the towns in this section. It is not only the cur rent belief,, but circumstances point to the fact that the high prices are maintaired r\t this particular point by some^of the larger mills in ord c. to make the Edgefield mill suffer. A certain mill declined.'!*) pay 33 cents per bushel for seed in Aiken last week and purchased them in Edgefield the same day at 39 cents, with freight rates to the two points j practically the same. Why this dif fer?nce, if it is not to embarrass tbe * Edgefield .mill? .furthermore, when foreign mill's offer 40 cents per bush el on the Edgefield market, if they raise the price in order to "get the seed, why is it that' they. do. not buy all of the seed offered them? In view of all these facts, it looks strange, to say the least of it, that a mill will decline to buy '' d at 33 cents in^?iken and pay -ont* in Edgefield the same da\.. ~gain, is it not an unusual condition ^ that will cause a mill or mills to fix the price of seed at forty cents and then re fuse to buy all of the seed offered them? In writing this we have not been actuated, by selfish motives, for The Advertiser does not own a dollar of the stock.of theridgefield oil mill. It seems to be a clear case of the strong endeavoring to crush the weak, and when the Edgefi?ld ?t?ill suffers, adopting as it has a very, generous policy in dealing with its patrons, the farmers of this vicinity will suffer also. It is true that far mer? aro now reaping tempoiary benefit from, the seed "war," but suppose the local mill does not hold out against^the mills that are ' fight ing it, or ?nally.c?os?s down; then farmers will have to' accept what ever p. ice is offered for their seed or haul them a greater distance to an other market. IncreaBeVYcur Herd of Cattle. One of the most imperative needs of the average Southern farm is in creased fertility of the soil. With land :in its present run-down, impov erished condition, a farmer feels compelled to cultivate a large ania, and as labor is the. most expensive item in mi .kin g a crop, the results obtained from the "unproductive lands cost too much. Increased.fer tility and the cultivation of a smaller area, thereby reducing the cost of labor to a minimum? will contribute much toward making the Southern farmer independent. One of the most eff?ctive as well as one of the*'most economic ways of permanently enriching: sjjSH is by a liberal application of "btrfn yard manure. In other words, keep a large number x>f cattl? and <make your fertilizers during the winter months. Cattle will not only decrease the fertilizer bill but/will give th e farmer something to . sell- during the entire year. When we see u prosperous farmer' bring, sev- . ;eral beef ^cattle to Edgefield aocl convert them into cash We wonder why a greater number do not like wise diversify their farming inter ests. t / The following article along this, same line' is reproduced from the Farmer's Union Sun, which excel lent agricultural journal should be in every farmer's home in the coun ty: "There is no questioning the fact that no farm management can retain its equilibrium wiihout cattle. Whether it he dairy cattle or those of a beef breed must be settled by the environment of the farm, and the taste of the owner, but cattle it must be. The matter .of proportion and the exact niche they will fit in to is the one that taxes the thinking power. It quite frequently trans pires that for a series of years the cattle on a farm are its best profita ble products. Yet in the long rUn practical economy and final summing kup of results effectually settle the question of permanent cattle keep ing? A speaker at a recent public meet ing brought out one of. the strong est arguments when he said: "The great source and means of maintain ing the fertility of'lands, according to the world's experience in agricul ture, is by the handling of live stock. No other means has been demonstrated to be so effective, and this is the method adopted in Eng land and on the Continent. How eve* that may be the condition of sentiment among farmers now is not such that a margin based merely upon maintaining the fertility of the fai m will appeal very strongly to them: we don't yet fully appreciate the importance of that matter." You 1 cannot get away from that. It's a Top Notch Doer. Great deeds compel regard. The world crowns its doers. That's why : the American people have crowned ' Dr. Ring's New Discovery the King i of throat and lung remedies, Every ; atom is a health force. It kills germs colds and la grippe. It heals cough racked membranes and coughing stops. Sore, irfamed bronchial ' tubes and lungs are cured and hem orrhages ceased. Dr. Geo. More, Black Jack, N. C., writes "it cured " me of lurj trouble, pronounced hopeless by all doctors."50c, $1.00. Trial bottle :?ree. Guaranteed by: W. E. Lynch & Co. and Penn & Holstein. Fly nets in leather or cotton for horses. RAMSEY & JOXES. . Qneen of The Carnival, Vote for your choice for the queen )f the Carnival and help to seleot. :he most fitting young lady for it. The ladies desire to secure a queen for the carnival, and they adopted ?he following- plan of voting for her: There is a voting box under the management of Mr. W. B. Penn at'the drug store of Messrs. Penn & Holstein. Tickets haV? been printed for the parp?se as follows: For Queen of mhe Carnival. Miss-1-*-1 ?Votes These tickets can be procured from Dr. Penn. Each vote will cost ten cents, and any man may cast as many Votes'as he desires by pay ing for them and putting the number of votes on his ticket: Those who live at a distance, and who desire to vote, can mail Dr. Penn ?. check or post office order lor as* many votas as he desires and he will fill oat a ticket f-1* the amount and putit in the box. The nomination of young ladies is] open tc th? county, as is the vot ing. . The names of the young ladies in the race viii be posted and publish ed so that the public will know how to vote. The polls will close On the evening 6f October the 24th at ten o'clock'. At'three p. m. on October the 13th; 16th, and 20th, the votes will be counted and the results posted in front'of the store >o% .^Messrs. Penn <fe Holstein ?? that" ii will be known how the race is progressing. Dire Distress. Is Near a'; Hand to Hundreds of Ed gefiel d Readers. Don't neglect ar* aching back. Backache is the kidneys' cry for | help. Neglect hurrying to their aid Means that urinary troubles follow quickly $K Dire distress, diabetes, Bright's disease. ' Profit by a sufferer's 'experience Mrs. Wesley Royal, Upio? Street' Aiken, S. C., says: "I have used Dean's Kidney pills iviid can say that I have been greatly benefited. I suffered a great deal for several years from kidney complaint and, at J times there was dull ache across my back couple 1 with headaches. Since iising Doan's. kidney Pills 11 have | felt a great deal better and hav? been given great confidence iu their cura tive powers." j For sale by all .dealers,. Price 50c. Foster-Milburn Co., Bu.ffalo, Ni Y. sole agents for the UniteVi States; | Remember the rame-1-Doan's and t$ke. no other. } " .< Full'.-assoirtment of'.. fresh fancy] crackers, and cakes. B. Timraons. New crop onion sets at B. Timmons.. ? ' fi Notice of Law Partnership. The undersigned have farmed a copartnership for the practice of their profession under the firm name of Thurmond and Nicholson to be-j gin October 1, 1909. For the pri ent, and uniil suitable arrangement*] can be made f or offices, each mem ber of theifirm will retain his present | offices. All business entrusted to us will receive promp: and careful attention. J. W. THURMOND, B. E. NICHOLSON, Edgefield, & C., Oct. 1, 1909, 'WVWWWWWWVWVWWVWWi There is no better buggy on the market for the money than the Hackney buggy. A car of 40 bug gies just received. ^^^msev^J^ne^v i Beautiful iron and enameled beds, just what you need. "P* Ramsey & Jones. * Large stock of handsome iron and enameled beds to select from, with springs to fit. Edenfield Mercantile Co | Large assortment of window shades. Ramsev & Jones. Do you not need a cook stove? We have a largo assortment of all sizes and prices. Come in to see, them. Edgefield Mercantile Co School Books We have just received a full sup ply of text bdoks that are used .at the S. C. C. I. aad in the public seools of the county. Let us supply you. Penn & Holstein, Successors to G. L. Penn & Son. Surveying. Prompt and careful attention given to all call* Terms rea sonable and satisfaction guar anteed. Phone or address J.H. GOTRTNEY, Trenton' S. C.? Master's" Sale. STATE OE-BOUTH CAROLINA : EDGEFIELD COUNTY, ? Court of C< ? ^ on Pleas. ? Mary Swearing ..^ as Administra trix of J..,T? S.wearingen .against ? H. F,-Cooper. Pursuant to tlie* decree in this cause I will offer for sale at public outcry to the highest bidder before ?he Court House, town of Edgefield arid State of South Carolina on sales day in November, 1909, the same be ing.the.first day bf said month, be tween the legal hours of sale the fol lowing described, realty to. wit: ? Ail that^tracl; of land", ?ituate, ly ing and being iii the State and Coun ty aforesaid, containing four hun dred arid twenty;iiye (42?) acres more or. less, bounded as follows: North by lands of J. D. Timmer man arid S^ M. Dorn, east by lands of J. W. Mundy, south 'by lands of the Budwell esfcite and Dr.' H. A.. Shaw, west by/lands of Emma Ro per, Susie Lundy known as a part of the Freeman Roper place. ? TTe^ wf Sale: bn? half cash the balance on-a credit of'oneyear with interest from day of s&le, purchaser to give bond and a mortgage of the premises sold to secure the payment of thc credit portion, or all -cash at the purchaser's option. Purchaser to pay for papers. W. F. ROATH,') Master E. C., S. C.' . Oct. 5, 1909. 4t Master's Sale. STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, EDGEFIELD COUNT^, Court of Common Pleas, Mrs. JEmilv^E. Johnson, et al, . . /against . Mrs. Carrie Prince, et al. ' . Pursuant to the decree -in this cause, I will offer for sale at public outcry to the highest bidder, before; the Court House, town of Edgefield and State of South Carolina, on sales day in November 1901), the same be ing the 1st day of said month, be tween the legal hours of sale^the fol lowing described'real ty to wit: ^ All that tract or parcel of land situate HI Comity of Edgefield arid State of South Carolina, containing thirty nine and one half (39?) acres more^irjess, afldi denominated tract No. 3/and /bounded north by B. F. Glanton, East by Mrs. lernest John son, South by.B. F. .Glan'ton, and west by B. F. Glanton; . r Terms of Sale: On?.half cash and' th.e balance,oji a cr?dit of; one year, with infenfe?t from the'vday of sale. Purchaser to give.$bn?/ and' mort gage; to-secure the:'p^m?nt. of the pr?ditp^?ti'o^i; or all ?tabl?t: the pur chaser's io^ition. '. Termsrmnst be complied with, or satisfaction given to Master or he is authorized' M-resell ^itj?in -an hour thereafter. * Purchaser must pay for" papers. . W. F. ROATH, * . Master, E. C., S. C. Oct's; 1909. 4t. Master's Sale. ; Tl^O^F SOU^H, CAROLINA, ^D|?EFIEI^?COU^Y, Co?rtj?f C?mnaon Pleas, Willie ?.^Morton, as administra trix of *T. M. Morton in her own right, !L against ; J,'J?. Jenningp, ?tal. Pursuant to the decree in this cause, I will offer for sale at public outcry to the highest bidder, before the court house, town of' Edgefield ar d State of South Carolina,on sales .day in November, '1909, the same being 1st day of said month,between the legal hours of sale, the following described realty to wit: All that tract or parcel of land,' situate lying andi-being in1 Hibler Township, in said county and state, containing one hundred and ninety si.> (196) acres, more or less, and bounded by land of A. B. Barden: on the north, by land of T. W. Mor ton on the east, land of W. S. Ridle hoover on the south, and Stevens j Creek on the west. Terms of Sale: One half cash and the balance on a credit of one year,. with iitferest?? rom the day of sale, Purchaser to give bond a mortgage of the premises sold to secure the payment of credit portion, or all cash at the purchaser's option Terms of sale must be complied with c r Master is authorized to re sell the same day. Purchaser to pay for papers. W. F. ROATH. Master E. C. S. C. Oct. 5, 1909. 4t. V. A. HEMSTREET & BRO. HUNTERS* SUPPLIES, PARKER, SAUER, FOX, REMINGTON And Other Guns. SKILLED REPAIRING. 655 Broad St., - Augusta, Ga' Below Ga. R. R. Bank J TheJSedJRoek of Success -.Jj^jn' a-kejefc clear, brain, backed inimitable- will and > resistless jinery. Such -power comes from the splendid health that Dr. King's New Life Pills impart. They vitalize evergy organand build up brain and body.. J. A. Harmon, Lizemore, W. -Va., writes: "They are the best pills j I ever used." 25c at W. E. Lynch & Co. and Penn & Holstrn. ' ' See our line of hay forks and carriers, sickle grinders. Prices right. Stewart.^ .Kernaghan. '? We can save you money on musi: car p?tram^ents. " Large stock of stringed instruments to select from. K i '" RAMSEY & Joras. American Lady corsets, a shape for. eyery .figure at Rives Bros. . . Just received another large ship ment of-(Cartwright metal shingles, will last a life-time. > Stewart & Kernaghan School Supplies Large lot of. pens, pencils, tablets and.writing m?tef?al pf all kirds fjf everything tnax the school boys and girls need. B. Tirnraons. Five-pound .., bucket very fiue roasted coffee and china cup fQr $1.00 at B. Timmons. Just received fresh shipment of Leggett'? Premium cheese. Every housewife in this vicinity knows of its superior quality. Penn Sc Holstein, Successors to G . L. Penn & Son. The Corner Store's air . :j1 OJ H Only two weeks to the opening of Edg?fielcVs Great Fair. lg it not time you were thinking of what you are going/to wear? We have anticipated your wants and were never better prepared to meet the dcmiands of our-ever growing business. It goes without con ? tradiction you will find here the most complete as -^sortroent of costume wearables, viz.: for Dresses, Goats, Evening Capes, Waists together with novelty trimmings to match. We say without fear of dispute we carry the largest assortment of stylish Tailored . Suits and Ladies'Headwear shown in any ?? town of this size. In fact we hazard nothing in saying the showing would do credit to a . small city store. All we ask to convince you is a visit of leisure through our costume and millinery parlor, in the annex. Gome to The Fait. Bring all the children,our guest room is at your disposal. 'Twill be our pleasure, to see you. The Corner Store, W, H. Turner, Proprietor. y." ; ?it tl. (?SI i?-ii'? ? >./? art bi? our next week's specials. ? FURNITURE g HOUSE FURNISHINGS. We desire to thank the the liberal patronage ac we shall endeavor to me future. ii We have*' the largest Stoves, Mattresses, Spri Rockers, Winclb'w Shad ever shown. people cf Edgefield for corded us in the past and rit a continuance in the* stock of Furniture, ngs, Wardrobes, Tables j es, etc., that : we have i Oak Bed Room Suits $11 up. Kitchen Chairs from 39c up. Iron Beds $2.00 up. All^ve ask is for you to call OP tis. We are in a position to make prices- right. Call when you are in the city. i E. M. ANDREWS FURNITURE CO., 972 Broad Street, - Augusta, Ga.