Newspaper Page Text
News Note? of General Interest
Prom All Parts of the Stet?,.
DR. J. H. CARLISLE DEAD.
President Emeritus of Wofford Col
. lege Passes Away at Age of 84
Spartanburg, Special.-Dr. James
H. Carlisle, aged 84 years, president
emeritus of Wofford College and one
of the most prominent educators in
the South, died at his home here
Thursday morning at 7:30 o'clock.
The funeral was held Friday at 4 p.
m., in the College chapel and was at
tended by hundreds of prominent citi
zens from all sections of the State.
All schools and colleges in the city
were , closed and during hours of fu
neral all places of business were
The last time that Dr. Carlisle ap
peared in public was during the sum
mer school for teachers at Wofford
College, when it was the pleasure of
the teachers to hear an interesting
address on school life of long ago,
and on Washington's visit to South
Carolina after he had been elected
President of the United States. Prior
to this time he had not made an ad
dress in public for many months.
The commencement at Wofford last
June was the first commencement
missed by Dr. Carlisle for more than
two score of years. When he was
a member of the faculty he always
occupied a seat on the rostrum dur
, ing the commencement season, and
after he retired from the active pres?
idency of the college, he never miss
ed an exercise. Last June, however,
he was indisposed and it was impos
sible fdr him to attend any of the
exercises at the college.
Dr. Carlisle was president of Wof?
ford College from 1875 to 1902, when
he resigned and became president
emeritus. Following his resignation
Dr. H. N. Snyder was elected.
He was bern May 4, 1825.
' . Corn Prizes Awarded.
Bishopville, Special-The Lee coan
ty Boys' Corn Contest association,
organized under the bureau of plant
industry of the United State depart
ment of agriculture, held a meeting
here October 16, to award, the differ
-ont prizes offered, which were as fol
Best 10 ears of corn, prize of $105
won by L. W. Northcutt; second best
10 ears of corn, prize of $5, won by
E. Fulton Peebles; third best 10 ears
of corn, prize of $2.50, won by Eld
ridge H. Mixon. Best five ears of
?om, prize of $7.50, won by Eldridge
McCoy; second best five ears of corn,
^prize of $5, won by Thos. A DuBose;
third bsst five ears of corn, prize of
$2.50, won by Ethan Baker. Best ear
o? corn, first prize of $5, won by
Marant Truluck; second best ear of
?corny prize of $3, won by Lawton
Eeasley; third best ear of corn, prize
of $2, won by Walter Richburg.
There was also a prize of $3 offer
ed, to any boy cf the county regard
less .of being a member of the contest
association for the beat ear of corn,
which was won by Harvey Ford.
Two other prizes were also offered
for the best and second best ear of
the prolific variety with stalk, first
rize, $3 and second $2, won by
Henry Green and Ralph Green.
The association is composed of 27
hoys, of which number 14 entered the
Thirty-four boys entered the inde
pendent one ear contest.
The judges were: Ina W. Wilhams,
/Columbia; W. S. Wheeler, St. Charles
and L. L. Baker, Bishopville.
Much interest was taken in the ex
hibition as was shown by the attend
ance of about 300 people. After the
awarding of prizes, Mr. Williams lec
tured on the selection of seed.
Jury Gives Verdict Against Lancaster
Lancaster, Special.-The jury in
"the case of Mrs. Roma Stogner
against the town of Lancaster, suit
-?or damages for personal injury sus
tained by being thrown from a buggy
on the streets, returned a verdict
Tuesday night for. the plaintiff for
15212.50. The amount sued for was
$4,000. _ -
York Fanners Prosperous..
Yorkville, Special.-It is generally
.conceded that fewer farmers in this
.section are holding cotton this fall
ithan at any time since the war. Those
'who owe accounts ar. selling their cot
ton and paying up, and those who
liave no accounts are selling and
euther putting the money in the bank?
?or keeping it at home, but compara
tively speaking the large majority are v
.depositing it. most of them on certi
ficate. It is estimated that the depos
its in the eight banks of York county
at this time amounts to close around
32,000,000, the largest in the history
of the count v. :
To Establish Creamery at Marion.
Marion, Special.-The question of
establishing a creamery here is being
agitated by Messrs. Gibs and Sim
mons of the Elgin Creamery Com
vpuny of Elgin, 111. They propose to
put in a plant here to cost $0,000.
Several local business men have al
ready become interested ia-the pro
ject and subscribed stock. It is
thought that the required amount of
anoney will be raised.
Anthracnosea Pin gus in Seed That is
Destroying Millions of Value in the
Columbia, Special.-Startling in its
nature and of vital importance is the
announcement that comes from Clem
son College to the effect that the cot
ton anthracnose is causing a loss to
the State of nearly $5,000,000 annu
ally. More startling still is the state
ment that the disease is spreading
rapidly and that many of the farmers
of the State, in all sections, are losing
from one-fearth to one-half of their
i The announcement came in the na
ture of a letter from H. W. Barre, the
botanist at Clemson, to Commissioner
"Watson, who made a request for a re
port; on the investigation of the cot
ton anthracnose while on a recent vis
it to the institution.
During the past year the experi
ment station at Clemson has made a
thorough and exhaustive study of thu
ravages of the anthracnose and have
collected data of a conclusive and
convincing nature which shows that
something must be done to check it
and must he done at once.
'tin the majority of cases," says
the latter, "the original infection can
he traced to seed of some so-called
improved variety purchased from
seed houses or individual cotton
breeders. In a number of .cases an
thracnose has appeared this year
where cotton has not been planted be
fore.. The seed which were used in
planting the fields, when they could
be obtained, were found to contain
the anthracnose fungus. We have in
this way triiced a large number of
cases of anthracnose to various seed
The estimated annual loss in Geor
gia from anthracnose is estimated at
"The remedy," states the report,
"of course must be in the form of a
preventive. The seed are acting as a
distributing agent. This we are pre
paring to do and by co-operating with
the various other agricultural inter
ests of the State, we hope that some
plan can be perfected which will ac
complish this. First then we must in
duce the farmer to secure clean or
disease free seed."
Pine Yield of Corn.
Aiken, Special.-Recently J. A*.
Shuler, one of Aiken county's fore
most farmers, harvested three acres
of the finest corn ever grown here
abouts, and perhaps the equal of any
grown in the State. The three acres
netted 348 1-2 bushjj^ an average of
116 1--8 bushels to ?ST acre. In ad
dition to the corn narvested, 1,800
bundles of fodder were stripped from
the field, averaging 2 1-2 pounds each.
The land upon which this remarkable
yield was gathered is not extraordi
nary land but average rich upland,
and Mr| Shuler ascribes the magnifi
cent Veld, to the mode of cultivation
and fertilisation, exclusively. Similar,
land last year made ?.yield of about
25 bushels per acre. Mr. Shuler is so
enthusiastic over the field this year
that hei inteds to carry out the prin
ciple on a wider scale next year, and
perhaps plant the entire corn crop,
using the same methods and fevtlizer.
The land is now planted in peas, and
a yield of about 20 bushels is expect
ed. The pea crop was considerably
cut off by dry weather.
Anderson Will Pay $800 For Earle
Anderson, Special.-The case of
the city vs. B. P. Mauldin and F. G.
Brown, involving the strip of land on
Earle street in what is intended to be
the extension of Peoples street, will
not be tried at this term of the court.
An agreement has been reached be
tween the city and the present hold
ers of the property, fixing the value
of it at.$800. The city will take pos
session at once, and the Peoples street
bridg? over the railroad will now be
pushed to completion without delay.
K'egro Children Burned.
Newberry, Special.-Two children
of Belton Denebc, colored, living on
Mr. Jno. M. Ruber's plantation in No.
.1 township, this county, were burned
to death a few days ago. Denebo and
his wife had left their three children
alone in the house and during their
absence one of the children acciden
tally knocked over a kerosene lamp.
The oil caught fire and the flames
Bingham and Avant Guilty of Homi
Charleston, Special.-i' Guilty of
manslaughter" read the verdict re
turned at 4:15 o'clock Friday after
noon at Georgetown, S. C., in the trial
of Dr. G. C. Bigham and A. B. Avant,
charged with the killing of the young
wife of Dr. Bingham at Murrells in
let on this evening: of September 4. A\
motion for a new trial was overruled
and the judge sentenced the defend
ants to a. term of three and a half
years at hard labor in the peniten
tiary. The prisoners were admitted
to bail in the sum of $1,500 pending
an appeal to the Supreme Court.
Won" Blue Ribbons.
Lexington, Special. - Magistrate
Thos. L. Harman returned from
Batesburg Friday night, where he has
been exhibiting his fine thoroughbred
horses at the Tri-County fair. He
brought back many blue ribbons, win
ning a number of prizes. Mr. Har
man has a pair of country-raised 3
year-old colts that' are said to be as
fine as there are in the country. HR
expects to exhibit these atth^??j?^
THE HUNTING ?
A Pressing Problem That Most I
Aviator Has the Right of Wa
Ownership ol Which in Ev
Old Ro?an Law, Extern
New York City.-How high must
an aviator fly to be safe from the con
sequences of illegal trespass? and
a great many other questions, not
burning now but considered as soon
to be hot ones, were treated by Lyt
tleton Pox, a lawyer, ia an address to
members of the Aero Club of Amer
ica. The answer was that the aviator
would have to be out of sight He
must dodge the police.
The old Roman law which gives to
the owner of land absolute ownership
also of the air above it is responsible
for this. The law must bc changed,
ho added, or the courts wih be ruin
ously congested. As matters stand,
there having been no changes in tho
law for several hundred years, a man
in a flying machine has no rights that
a man with a plow is bound to re
spect. The question is how best to
bring the attention of the judicial
system to this unfair discrimination
against the flying portion of the race.
No man can fly as things now stand
without technically breaking the law,
unless he gets special privileges from
It ls a problem that bristles with
novelty, says Mr. Fox. In the event
of pedestrians being hit by ginger
pop bottles dropped by .the passing
aviator or by other objects, includ
ing the aviator himself, the man be
low would have redress at law. Mr.
Fox believes the Aero Club should
urge the Wright brothers, for in
stance, to consent to be sued by the
owner of land over which th?y have
flown (and thereby trespassed), so
as to bring the whole subject before
the courts for settlement. The ?ilt
should be.a friendly one, he sdkr, the
object being to modify, if possible,
the law of aerial trespass. Another
way might be to condemn the air by
legal procedure, and thus knock over
the historical fossil.
A discussion that followed the ad
dress of the evening resulted in the
members arriving at the firm belief
that the air should be considered a
highway, ami there was preliminary
talk concerning an attempt at legis
To avert suits for aerial trespass
Mr. Fox suggests that the State con
demn and buy a stratum of air as a
highway for flying machines. The
fact that Count Lambert in his flight
across Paris violated a police regula
tion forbidding aeroplaning over the
city shows that the French have al
ready applied the law to cover one
phase of the question. By leaving
the aerodrome for his Paris flight
Lambert incurred a penalty of $4;
COFFINS TOO CHEAP,
The Burial Casket Men Say Coi
Cincinnati, Ohio.-The burial cas
ket manufacturers and jobbers, in
convention here, are dissatisfied be
cause the cost of dying has not kept
pace with the increased cost of living.
They deprecate cut-rate funerals, and
are proposing to establish uniform
prices for the retail trade in coffins.
"We coffin makers want the under
takers to help us out more than they
do," said one delegate. "We want
the undertakers to make stiffer bills,
and then we can get more for our
goods. Why should we have to pay
double what we used to pay to live
and let people die cheaply? It Isn't
FOREGOES CLOISTER 1
Miss Swanson Discovers Him li
Seek to Procu
St. Louis.-Miss Elsie Swanson, of
St. Louis, renounced her aspiration to
become a nun because she believed
her duty was to search for her father,
whom she had not seen for eleven
years. She found him in the County
Jail at Joplin, a few minutes after he
was convicted of burglary and lar
ceny and sentenced to two years in
Swanson did not recognize his
daughter, but she picked him from a
crowd of prisoners in the main cell 1
Kentucky State Troops Guarding
the Burley Tobacco Region.
Lexington. Ky.-Night riders have
again become active in the Burley to
Governor Willson has ordered out
State troons and they are scattered in
the counties where night rider warn
ings have been given.
In Mason County warnings were
left at tho homes of Fred Adams and
Harry Allen, tjoth of whom were giv
five days tn which io pool their
?ns or suffer the consequences of
Stub Ends of News.
?d in a suit
ires of Unl
for E. H.
Annual Job? -v. -
>n by Godwin, in the Pittuburg Dispatch.
? THE AIR?
ie Settled at Once is Whether an
y O?er Private Property, the
ery Gase, According to the
ls Upward MeMtely.
at the Rheims meet an aviator was
Anea for reckless driving. *
The military airship will necessl
,tate new provisions in international
law to meet the new problems of in
ternational relations which it will
raise. Prance has now seven air
ships, Germany eleven and Italy five
In course of construction. Given a
fleet of Zeppelins arriving unan
nounced above a British port, will
the act constitute a cause of war?
If the aeroplane develops the power
to carry explosives for dropping on
an enemy's fleet, will the practice be
permitted under the rules of war?
The interesting fact in connection
with the suggested regulation of air
travel is that it is already made nec
essary by an invention only yesterday
in its Infancy which threatens a re
vision of the statute books along with
its revolution of traffic.
In advocating arrangements for a
test suit, Mr. Fox seems to believe
that atter the existing legal status of
an aerial trespasser has once been
clearly outlined the law may be ' so
modified that the air will be pro
nounced a public highway. Legisla
tion of that kind, however, would bo
unfortunate If it were not very accur
ately limited. There is a wide differ
ence between navigation of the sea
and navigation of the ali'. If a trans
atlantic steamship is badly handled
those who are on -board her may
suffer, and she may injure an
other craft which ls on the same
level. There ls practically no chance,
however, that she will hann anybody
or anything directly under her, at the
bottom of the ocean. She* can discard
ashes, ballast or any other material
without, fear of doini; mischief / If such
things are dropped from atv-airship,
there will always be a possibility of
danger-a" danger which is enhanced
by the temperamental characteristics
of those who engage in aerial naviga
tion for sport.
Editorially the New York iTimea
"Will the invasion of the jdr by
aeroplanes be repelled by suits for
"We think not. The first success
ful human flight made the air a high
way-a possibility not contemplated
in the Roman law. Besides, there can
be no effective possession of the upper
air by a land owner. Where posses
sion neither is nor has been, ?there
should be no ownership. At any rate,
this is. assumed in Germans and
Switzerland, which have passed] stat
utes establishing rules of the ^aerial
si of Dying Has Not Kebt face
Cost of Living. '
fair and it isn't logical. Therh are
too many undertakers. They are cut
ting each other's throats to get! busi
ness, and, what is more to the point,
they are cutting prices. Another
thing, the supply of coffins is greater
than the demand; that's what makes
'em so cheap.
"If a man wants a decent: burial he
ought to be made to pay a decent
price for it. It isn't as though it was
a steady drain on the family purse.
Coffins are bought only occasionally,
and when the occasion arises they
ought to be willing to do the thing
ro FIND LOST FATHER
_ i \
rt Jail as Burglar and Will Now
re His Parole.
room. Father and daughter wept In
each others', arms. She will now try
to obtain a parole for him, and as he
was convicted solely on his own j ad
mission of guilt it ls possible her plea
for clemency will be granted.
Miss Swanson, who is twenty-one
years old, is the ward of the Rev, C.
C. Stahlmann, who took her from the
custody of her father when she was
ten years old, Swanson having been
declared unfit to care for her. She
was educated in a convent here.
Bergen Connty, N. J., Begins Work
on $000,000 Improvement.
Hackensack.,N. J.-Bergen County
has received $37,920 from the ?uto
fees paid into the State fund, and to
thc Brewster Construction Company,
of Hackensack, was awarded four
contracts amounting to that sum for
work to be done on roads much trav
eled by New York autoists.
The Board of Freeholders at a re
cent meeting voted to establish a road
system that will cost about $000,000
and insure excellent roads in tie dis
trict close to New York.
The Field of Sports.
Frank Kramer defeated "Jack*
Clarke in straight heats In their
championship cycle race. .
Curtis Redden, captain of the 1903
Michigan eleven, arrived at Ann Ar
bor to assist "Hurry-Up" Yost in
Pat Dunne has been engagedjto act
as presiding judge at a meeting ?f
110 days to be h "ld at Tamp a, Fla.,
At West Pjint, N. Y" the polo team
of Squadron A, of New York, defeat
ed a picked team of army officers by
a score of 8 % to 7.
sai api ag?
r: Wliat Poor Hoads Cost.
It cost a little over a bi: li on dollars
to haul the Harm crops of America to
market last year. With good roads,
roads such as are to be found in some
parts of America and in all parts of
Prance, the marketing of the crops
would have cost $4 00,000,000. Six
hundred million dellars per year,
then, ls the price we pay in this land
of the free for having Impassable
roads. Did ever a nation spend so
much for so doubtful a luxury be
fore?. With American roads lying
open and fathomless before the eyes
of dur foreign critics, what mon
strous injustice it is to talk of Ameri
can dollar worship!
Most men of middle age can recall!
the annual picnic known as mending
the roads. Just why it got that name
no one has ever explained, for in prac
tically every case th 3 picnic left the
roads in worse condition than before.
I The law In many States prescribed
that each resident of a rural district
j must pay a certain road tax in labor
each year. The payment of this tax
was done under the supervision of a
local officer known ?is the pathmas
ter. The customary time of payment
was in the early summer, just before
haying time, when there wasn't much
else for the men and teams to do. The
neighborhood turned out with horses
and plows and harrows, ripped up
divers sections of highway which th?
year's travel had packed to a more or
less navigable condition, rounded
them up nicely ir the middle,
scratched them smooth with the har
rows. You were never expected to
work very hard at these festive occa
slons, and the pathmaster who in
sisted on real work soon found him?
self unpopular. It was just as well,
for since nobody had any real notion
of roadmaking, the more work the
And yet the roads of America are
vastly better than they jnce were,
and the improvement is going cn
apace. The United States Govern
ment is lending a hand by setting its
spare scientists to work teaching the
people of different regions how to
make the best roads at the least cost.
The States are doing vastly more.
New York in 1905 voted to spend
$50,000,000 on her highways, and
while no other State is Investing in
roads at that rate, all are doing some
thing. Cities are finding it good busi
ness to improve the roads leading out.
into the farming region; the farmers
are beginning to tax themselves in a
rational fashion for highway improve
ment, and many philanthropists have
passed by the conventional college
and library donation to spend their
surplus funds on good roads. Historic
mudholes are being slcwiy filled up,
stone and concrete are replacing the
crazy wooden bridges, and a hundred
Inventions have been made to help get
the best results for tte lowest ex
Some of these last deserve atten
tion. Macadam roads have long been
accepted as the standard of highway
construction. But macadam roads of
the old pattern, with crushed stone
eight inches thick, cost from $6000 to
$10,000 per mile. Now it has been
found that three or fou:- inches will
do quite as well, and the cost is cut
squarely in two. In some parts of
the central States, where crushed
stone is rare, it has been found that
the v^ry clay which makes the roads
almost, impassable is the oest of track
making material when burned. In
yet other regions the farmers have
discovered how to make good roads
by the simple expedient of rolling or
dragging them after eaci rain, and
in yet other places a mixture of sand
and clay, costing $300 or $400 per
mile, is found almost as good as the
It is well that the road-making ma
terials are abundant and -varied. For
there are roads enough in the United
States to reach eighty-six times
around the earth at tho equator
and nearly all those roads are bad.
The advocates of good highways will
find ample room for their missionary
enterprise for a generation to come.
.^-Rocky Mountain News.
One of the Beauties.
One of the beauties of the good
roads movement is its almost self
acting geometrical progression after
it has been once started intelligently.
One demonstration of the advantages
of Improved highways makes it much
easier for many other demonstrations
to be made. It looks as thou gh Louis
iana is to become one of the leaders
in the movement In the South.-Man?
Name Signs For Villages.
The office window suggestion
(writes a correspondent) that vil
lages should be labeled with their
names "fore and ait" is an excellent
one. As ? rule, the name of a village
is discoverable if you happen to see
the postofflce, which is usually labeled
"So-and-so postofflce," but, as often
as not, the postofflce is hidden in
creepers, or round a corner. In a
few districts the name of the place is
?marked. If I remember rightly, for
instance, some at least of the vil
lages between Canterbury and Whit
stable - where, as somebody re
marked, "they make the oysters"
have their names consciously stuck
up. If local councils won't do it,
surely every village has some mag
nanimous inhabitant with a paint pot
who would do it for mere honor and
Another. French Revolution.
France is not only ceasing to be
the most warlike, but the most ro
mantic of nations. Statistic!; of in
sanity in the Department of the
Seine, just published, show that
"shattered love" plays an ever-de
creasing part in causing madness, and
that drink and pecuniary reverses are
the chief causes now.-Boston Her*
Uncle Sam grew financially fat of!
of industrious inventors last year, the
records showing that revenues in
fees from this source were sufficient
to pay $1,887,443 in expenses for run
jning the United States patent office
and leave a surplus of $8&,476. This
startling fact is emphasized in the an
nual report of Edward B. Moore,
commissioner of patents. The total
number of applications of all kinds,
including inventions, designs, patents,
trade marks, labels, prints, etc., reach
An epoch^in steel manufacture was
marked last year when for the first
time in the history of steel making
. in the United States, the production ?
of open hearth steel passed that* of
Bessemer steel. The tonnage of both,
however, was much lower than in the
previous year. The United States
geological survey makes this comment
in its report on the production of ore,
pig iron and steel of 1908. The year
also marked a great depression in the
iron industry. Since the middle of
1908 it has been steadily but slowly
recovering. The demand for iron and
steel products, the report points out,
was reduced over 50 per cent as com
pared with the previous year.
?. Dana Durand, directo* of the
census, has forwarded a commission
as supervisor of the census to Eu
gene T. Long, of Hallettsville, Tex., j
for the ninth district of that State.
.For the purpose of affording
prompt relief to the needy storm suf
ferers at Key West, the army post at
that place is to issue rations for a
few days, the cost of which will be
borne by the American National Red |
Cross society. In the meantime the
organization has undertaken an in
vestigation on its own account and
one of ita experts, J. C. Logan of
. Atlanta, Ga., has been directed to
proceed immediately to the scene of
the disaster and report to Washing
ton the extent of relief and rehabili
Anticipating that proposed action
Wednesday in Chicago of attorneys
of Capt. Oberlin M. Carter, convict
ed of defalcation in connection with
government improvement of the har
bor at Savannah, Ga., to procure a
further allowance of counsel fees, to
be paid out of the Carter fund now
in the hands of the receiver, the Su
preme Court of the United States
Tuesday issued an order staying pro
ceedings in the United States circuit
court for the northern district of
Illinois so far as such an application
concerned. The fund consists of
money the government is attempting
to obtain from Carter on the claim
that it was procured through defal
The public health and marine hos
pital service has detailed Assistant
Surgeon General J. W. Kern and
Passed Asistant Surgeon C. H. La
viuder as its representatives at a con
ference on pellagra to he held at Col
umbia, S. Cy November 3 and 4.
Believeing that the time has come
for definite action looking to the con
servation of the nation's great natur
al resources, leaders in this movement
from all parts of the country will
gather in New Orleans on November
1, next, when the first important step
towards putting the principles of con
servation into practical effect will be
With the return of the President
next month interest will be revived
in the new Tariff law, particularly
with rgard to the application of the
new "maximum," or general tariff
rates, to those countries which he
may regard as possessing tariffs of a
discriminatory character against pro
ducers of the United States.
Nicaragua, not withstanding the
insurrection within her borders, is
fully carrying out with the United
States Government her agreement for
the settlement of the claim of the
George D. Emery Company in annul
ment of the latter's timber concession
in Nicaragua, and Monday night
made the first payment of $50,000 on
The use of the words "So help me
God ! ' at the end of oaths may be Dro
hibited in the courts of the District
of Columbia if Congress passes a law
which is now being drafted by the
commissioners of the District of Col
umbia. The bill under consideration
is similar to one enacted by the Mary
land Legislature and leaders of the
bench and bar in Washington are be
ing consulted as to the desirability
of recommending its enactment by
The reserve torpedo flotilla at the
Norfolk navy yard has been disband
ed. The torpedo boat Bailey, now at
the Norfolk navy yard, has been or
dered placed in commission for the
trip to the navy yard at Charleston.
On its arrival there the vessel will bo
placed in reserve and assigned to the
reserve torpedo flotilla at that yard.
The War Department has taken
steps to send the Thirty-sixth Com
pany, Coast Artillery corps, at Fort
Moultrie, S. C., to Fort Dupont, Del,
about November 10.
Before insuring elsewher
Old Line Companies.
hi The Farmers
"Cornwallis Is Taken," Bings Ont
Again-Memories Rekindled By
5,000 People Pmding Their Way to
the Secluded Spot.
Yorktown, Va., Sp?bial.-Quaint
old Yorktown, for the second time
within the period of its national fame
Tuesday commemorated with fitting;
ceremonies that glorious event in
American history with which its
name is identified. Here was laicl
one hundred and twenty-eight years
ago to a day the cornerstone of liber*
ty upon which a great action has been
, "Cornwallis is taken!" Those sim
ple words sent broadcast from hera
this date three years more than a
century and a quarter ago meant
that the burdensome yoke of British
rule had ^been cast off by the long?
suffering American colonists and that
a new republic, destined to become
powerful, had been born.
Yorktown today is a village of less
than one hundred peop2e. It is a?
though the stage setting for that
final drama of the Revolutionary wac
had been reserved as the actors left
it, a relic of antiquity as well as a
monument to American patriotism.
The descendants of the signers of
the Declaration of Independence and
an offspring of that organization, the>
Yorktown Historical Society bf thc*
United States recently decided to
hold an annual celebration here this
October 19 and henceforth on thia
date, and probably five thousand peo
ple responded ' . ?fe" ir appeal. Where
the fact iorictown is still witii
out r??: .Aoad communication is taker*
into consideration, the attendance;
To most people present the exer>
cises were the least part of the cele*
hration, although there was a parade
of - mounted horsemen and horse
women, led by the Fort Monroe bantt
and the soldiers and sailors, than ?
parade of the school children and-af
terwards public speaking from a
grandstand erected in front bf the
historic old Nelson mansion.
The parade began at 1 o'clock and
was full of inspiration. '. The school*
children of York county, who wera
grouped before the grandstand^ then
sang "America," after which Col.
Oswald Tilgham of Easton, Md., a
direct descendant of Lieut. Col. Tench1
Tilgham, aide-de-camp to General
Washington, who carried the famous0
massage "Cornwallis is taken" to
the Continental Congress La Philadel
phia, made an address. He also read
the correspondence between Washing
ton and Lord Cornwallis and the
terms bf capitulation.
Preparing to Sell Whitney Poweir
Asheville, N. C., Special.-In tho
United States circuit court; Tuesday
Judge Pritchard considered, a num*
ber of phases of the receivership mat
ter of the Whitney Company, the $10,
000,000? power company near Salis
bury, which on February 3, 1908, up?
on the complaint of A. O. Brown ?:
Co., of New York, was placed in thc?
i hands of John S. ? Hendeison an<$
Charles W. -Smith\as receivers.
In the suit of the Bankers Trusfr
Company of New York against the?
j Whitney and its subsidiary companies
which was filed Monday to foreclose
the $5,000,000 bond issue, which it
holds as trustee, Judge Pritchard
Tuesday named A. H. Price of Salis
bury as special master to take the
testimony, go over the accounts of tho
receivers, and inventory the property ,
I of the company, preparatory to a de- j
I cree of sale. He set the first Monday
in December as the date for the Whit
ney Company to answer the suit be
fore him. The' bill alleges that de
fault has been made in payment of
interest on bonds due May 1, and No
vember 1, 1908; and May 1, 1909,
amounting to approximately $450,000.
The property will probably be sold
within three months._
Seven Killed in Boiler Explosion. J,
El Dorado, Ark:, Special-Seven
employes were killed and three other
persons were severely injured when
a boiler of the plant of the Griffin
Saw Mill Company near El Dorado
exploded late Monday.
The steam register, it is said, fail
ed to indicate the overpressure, the
explodion, which could be heard for
several miles, following, wrecking a.
large section of the plant.
Rebel Movement Serious.
Bluefield, Nicaragua, Special-Gen
eral Estrada, the rebel leader, who
has proclaimed himself Provisional
President of Nicaragua, returned to
this city Tuesday after having estab
lished outposts to the north of Rama
and sent a detachment of 500 of his- .
best men to meet the expected ap
proach of the government forces.
President Zelay's army is report*
ed to be impeded bv heavy rain.
To Scale Mount McKinley,
Seattle, Wash., Special.-Steps aro
taking to organize 'a party ' of ama
teur mountain climbers' to scale
Mount McKinley, Alaska, the tallest
peak in North America. Asahel Cur
tis, an expert climber says: "The as
cent of Mount McKinley is feasible
if undertaken by a properly equipp
ed expedition. There must be at least
five experienced men. The route of
Dr. Frederick A. Cook is best, that
is, by steamer to Tionek on Cook in
let and then up the Sushitna river in
a power boat."
? & BYRD
e* We^reprcscnt the Bes*
Bank of Edgefield