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??t?ci i>??2/ Balloons Haue Found Concern' ? ing the Upper Jlir | r:y J?. Lawrence Rotch X LTHOUGH a large number of ballons-sondes were dispatch ed from St. Louis in 1904'07 under the direction of tao writer (see Science, Vol. ?'7, p. 315) none had been em ployed in the eastern states until last year. In May and July, 1908, four- ballons-sondes were launched from Pitts field, Mass., with special precautions to limit the time they 1 remained in the air and so prevent them from drifting out to sea with the upper westerly wind. Three of the regis tering instruments have been returned to the Blue Hill ob servatory with good records. The first instrument sent up on May 7 was not found for ten months and the record, forming the subject of the present article, is very interesting "because it gives complete temperature data from the ground up to 17,700 meters, or eleven miles. This is G50 meters higher than the highest ascen sion frcm St. Louis, which, by a coincidence, was also the first one to be - made there, i On May 7 a general storm prevailed, so that the balloon, traveling from ?the east, was soon lost in the cloud and its subsequent drift could not be followed, but the resultant course was fifty-nine miles from the southwest, as determined by the place where the instrument fell two hoars later. At the ground the temperature was 4.5 degrees C., and this decreased as the balloon .rose to the base of the cloud, which itself was considerably warmer than the .underlying air. Above the cloud the temperature continued to fall with increasing rapid ity up to a height of 12,500 meters (nearly eight .mites), where the minimum of -54.5 degrees C. was registered. Here the great warm stratum was en tered and penetrated farther than ever before in this country, namely, to the "height of 17,700 metes, where the temperature was -4G.5 degrees C. An in crease of S.9 degrees occurred, however, in the first three thousand meters, for above 15,500 meters nearly isothermal conditions prevailed, confirming the "belief of Teisserene de Bort that what he calls the "stratosphere" is com posed of a lower inverting layer with isothermal conations above extending to an unknown height. In an ascension last November in Belgium, the rela tively warm stratum was found to extend from 12,900 meters to the enor mous height of 29,000 meters, or eighteeu miles, where there was still no in dication of its diminution.-.From Science, i j?? Success j& M ? By Frederick D. Underwood, President of (he 3 * Erie Railroad and its allied companies O man who has been successful, either wholly or in part, can blaze a path for others; notwithstanding the fact that iu most instances he would be glad to do it for the benefit of his immediate posterity, to say nothing of his friends. So much has been said to young men about what to'do in order to succeed that the subject must be tiresome. There are, I think, three essentials, generally speak ing: ABILITY, GOOD HEALTH, both mental and physical, and ENVIRONMENT. One who has talents to sell must be near a market. v The average American man and young man is a time waster; wasting time at both his work and his fun. As zn illustration, a man who runs to a "bulletin board in the street to read the news that he can soon read at his leisure in the paper is wasting time in one instance; and the man who wants to mob the umpire is wasting time and his fun. Impulsive ones are generally time wasters. You have only to listen to the average conversation in public to discover the fact that many .waste time in useless conversation. . Bad reading is a time waster. It is safe to say that the time so wasted ?would provide the wasters with an education, itself a liberal endowment. As to opportunity. A man needs to be the judge of his opportunity. Too many advise about it. Himself and one adviser-the man's own intellect and some one trusted friend afford a competent and safe jury to judge of oppor tunity. Briefly summarizing: The principal elements of success are industry, good address, a regard for the rights of cjthers, fend health to back them all tip, when the opportunity arrives. Civilization and the Hair Ty G. K- Chest?rtqn HERE was noticed in many newspapers of late an incident which is startlingly symbolic of the topsy-turvy state of civilization in which we have contrived to land ourselves. Some doctor or other in attendance on the compulsory schools of the poor took it into his head to tell all the little girls that they must have their hair cut off, because long bair was unhealthy. Normally speaking, to cut off the hair of all the girls you -can see is as nonsensical as to cut off all their ears, if we have really got into a social condition in which our little daughters must not have any curls, then the time has come not for doctors but for pikes and guillotines. If things are a? bad as that, it is no time for cutting off hair but for cutting off heads. The pedants of science have for some time been engaged in trying to abolish portions of the human mind. They are now going on apparently to abolish portions of the human body. Legs, I suppose, will go next; I can imagine a very strong scientific case against legs. The sociological authorities (before chopping a little boy's legs off) would explain earnestly and kindly to his mother how much she would save in shoe leather, how satisfactorily thc problem of corns would be solved, how there was now no danger of- treading on broken glass, how the boy would be less noisy about tie house, and how he could never stray into unsanitary houses or run away to sea.-London News. V Woman and the Occupations Ev Professor IV. / Thomas * >**?:-><">.:?* ?3? '!*.> .> ********** T is idle, indeed, to speak of tho exclusion of women from the occupations. They are entering them from the top and from tie bottpm. The ill-conditioned are being forced into them and the well-conditioned-those whom men have been educating while deploring the use of their education-are already entering them in considerable numbers at the top. And they are finding new and characterstic ways of giving to society that reserve of affection and nurture which they have heretofore reserved for the child and fhe home. In the year 1900 there were more than 5,000.000 women gainfully em ployed in the United States (as against 23,753,830 men), the rate of increase between 1890 and 1900 of the number of women so employed was much great--' er than the corresponding increase for the employment for men (for women 32.S percent; for men 21.9 percent), and the number of women gainfully em ployed increased more rapidly in the decade than the female population. So whether we wish it or not, the old order is already changing rapidly, it ls* too late to theorize on this point. It means simply that the old idea that all women should live on the activities of men and should limit their own in terests to the bearing and rearing of'children has gone to pieces.-American Magazine. Scctlsnd Making Big Guns". Messrs. Beardmore ? Co. arc manu facturing at their steel works in Glas gow a new type of medora naval gun to thc crder of the British Admiralty. The gun is nearing completion, and after the official tests will, it is un derstood, be placed aboard one of thc new Dreadnought battleships. The weapon is the first odern naval gun manufactured in Scotland, and Is ol' the latest type of 12-inch wire-wound. -London Telegraph. Not For Him. "You should have faith in human nature," said thc man of kindly in stincts. "Yes," sneered die Nev/ York offi ciai, "and lose my job as customs in spector."-Washington Star. There is an evident lack of harmony in the interests of landlord and ten ant in New York City, for there is a daily average cf 197 cases in the courts growing out of the relation. ! PALME??OJIAPPENiNGS 1 News Noies of Geaicr.il Interest j ? From All Parts of the State. STATE FAIR FINE. Fine Eacos and Exhibits of Great Variety. Columbia, Special.-The first day's racing was excellent and. measured up to the highest expectation. The start was prompt at the hour named,, and continued with practically no waits between heats while the trot ting and pacing events were on, but when the runs began tht delays abo began. "Twas ever thus. The con centrated essence of contrariness seems to have been developed in run ning horses, their owners and th? jockeys, against which the good genii, represented by the starter and thc judges can not avail. However, the crowd that graced the grandstand had dwindled to a few dozen by the time the ruuning raecs began, so that no harm was done to anybody's pa tience except to the race officials and they being inured, were able to stand the hardship. Two exhibits that attaractec much favorable comment at the Fair I grounds were those from Wnithrof j College and frmn Clemson. At both these institutions-one for the high er education of the girls of thc State and the other for the training of the boys-the industrial side o? their education was stressed. To bc able to do the material things of life is what is taught at these two col leges, and to the people, of the State the results of their efforts are ex hibited. In the sheep and goats departm?nt at the State fair there were some ver> attractive animals and in the list of tutries there were an unusually large number of this class of stock considered hi?h, breed. The author ities plan to gradually add to this | department as interest in stockrais- ' ing increases in this State. That ; the interest is increasing is shown by the large number who visited the stalls and obtained information on the value of high class stock. One of the interesting and at thc same time promising features of tho State- fair is that of the best farm display. The idea of the association is to encourage the raising of small crops and living on the farm ai much as possible. The association - offered two prizes, one of $75 and another of $50 for the largest variety ? of articles raised on one farm. There were four contestants for these prizes.. ( Messrs. C. Rodgers of Fountain Inn. ? S. L. Rawl of Lexington, S. B. Craw ford of Great Falls' and G. B. Wiu gard of Lexington. It is such exhibitions as tbssc ( farmers made that show in a meas ure the possibility of good farmer? * in this State. Here are just a few 1 of the articles that were shown ir one or two of the displays under thi-: * classification : Sausage, blackberry I jely, fig preserves, pear" preserves 1 lard, milk, cane sugar, cucumbei * pickles, peach custard, muscadine muscadine jelly, sour cucumber pickle * beet pickles, blackberry wine, tomate catsup, sweet pickled pears,, peacL ^ preserves, apple jelly, sweet pickled peaches, sweet pears, blackberry acid J Sorghum syrup, plums, dried apples gooseberry jelly, popcorn, sugar cain ) syrup, muscadine, dried pears gooseberries and okra. whorl le- ^ berries, peaches, red pepper cat sup, wine, bops, six to eight va- ' rict ies of apples, eggs, watermelons dish rag squash, several varities ol Irish potatoes, a number of varities c of sweet potatoes, mutton suet, bee! suet, eight lo ten varities of corn ? varities of cotton, rice, wheat, heh peppers, persimmon:?, canteloupes pecans, walnuts, pomegranates, hick ory nuts, soap, gherkin, turnips, r?d isher ons, wool, meal, sage, cane j r. i . varities of peanuts. Ir ( ono v.- me displays there are as many at 15 varieties of corn. The ossort mont of good things from boney tc r sage show what can he done on thc average farm in this Stale. Mr. Raw] r has a fine display of canned fruits ' that he raised and canned on hie place. Farnnm Will Give Bail. J Charleston, Special.-James S. Far- , num, who was indicted Tuesday af- * ternoon at Chester, was out of Char- 1 lesion on business and could not be seen Tuesday night for a statement. 1 B. A. Hagood, his counsel, said, how ever .that the information furnished ' was the first news that he had of the indictment of Farnum. Not having 1 seen the indictment, he was not pre pared to discuss if, but he presumed ! that the indi?/tment is similar to that ^ found in Richland. Mr. Hagood said that his client will be ready to fur- ' nish bond for his appearance im- . mediately. Chester's Jury Finds True Bills. % ? Chester, Special.-The grand jury found true bills against Jodie M-- ' Rawlinson, Joseph B. Wylie, John 1 Black, Janies S. Farnum, John T. ( Early, Moiton A. Goodman and H. Lee Solomons for conspiracy, and ; James S. Farnum for bribery. Bench w?rrents were issued for th? . arrest nf Rawlinson, Black, Farnum; and Solomons. Charleston Negro Capturos a Hydra. Charleston. Special. - Charles < Camphell, claiming to be a sober and . industrious negro farmer of Runny medc, on thc Ashley river, has a snake curiosity of no little interest; a young rattle snake with two per- , fectly developed and formed heads, each displaying a forked tongue ci lively characteristics. Thc attrac tively marked snake was confincl ( Tuesday in a small box. covered with ( a screen, r:nd the snake seemed' tc appreciate the attention he attracted GOL?MBIASIATE F?1S 1 Crowning Success Ends Wit] President Taft on Ground-Prem iums on Fine Exhibits. Columbia, Special.-The South Car dina State fair which was brough o a close Saturday reaching its eli uax in having the President of th? Jnitcd States as a guest of the city vas a success in every particular The attandance was good, the cn trie: rere liberal, the products aboundan md varied, the races excellent am he sports exciting. We give below a list of premium! von: ' Cattle Department. Devons-Bull, 3 years old and over r. C. McApee, Chester, first prize, T f. Kinard, Ninety-Six, second. Bull, 2 to 3 years old, T. J. Kinard irst and second prizes. Bull, 1 to 2 years old, T. J. Kinard, irst, E. G. Palmer, Ridgeway, second Bull calf, under 1 year and over S ?onths^ J. C. Mc?pee first and econd. Cow, 3 years old and over, T. J vinard first, R. B. Watson, Ridge Spring, second. Heifer, 2 to 3 years old, E. G. Palm r first, J. C. McApee, second. Heifer, 1 to 2 years old, E. C. Palm T first, T. J. Kinard, second. Heifer calf, under 1 year and ovei ! months, J. C. McApee first second Aged herd, T. J. Kinard. first. Young liArd, J. C. McApee, first. Durhams or Short Horn. Bull, 3 years old and over, J. 0, Darby, first, C. W. McCrecry, Colum na, second. Bull calf, under 1 year and over 2 nonths, J. 0. Darby first. Cow, 3 ye j? old and over, J. 0. Darby first and second. Heifer, 2 tb 3 years, J. 0. Darby irst and second. Hflifer, 1 to 2 years old, J. 0. Dar >y first and second. Heifer calf, under 1 year and over \ months, J. 0. Darby first and sec >nd. Aged herd, J. 0. Darby, first. Young herd, J. 0. Darby, first. Red Foiled-Bull, 3 years old and >ver, J. G. Sampson, Chester, first; fohn dareton, Greenville, second. Bull, 2 to 3 years old, R. M. Jen eins, St. Charles, first, J. M. Cureton, iceond. Bull, 1 to 2 years old, J. G. Simpson irst, J. M. Cureton. second. Bull "Mf, aander 1 year and over 1 jjonths, J. G. Simpson, first and sec aid. Cow, 3 years old and over, J. G. Simpson first, J. M. Cureton second. Heifer, 2 io 3 years old, J. G. Simp ion first and second. Heifer, 1 to 2 years old; J. G. Simp l?n, first and second. Heifer calf, under 1 year old and aver 2 months, J. G. Simpson, first, ?. M. Cureton second. Aged herd, J. G. Simpson first. Young herd, J. G. Simpson first. Herefords-Bull, 3 years old and aver, S. D. Cross first. Bull. 2 to 3 years old, S. D. Cross irst. Bull calf, under 1 year old, S. D. Cross first. ^Heifer calf, under 1 year old, S. D. ?ross first. Ayreshires-Bull, 3 years old and iver, J. C. Shannon, Blackstock, first, T. D. W. Watts, Laurens, second. Bulls, 2 to 3 years old, J. D. Watts irst and second. Bull, 1 to 2 years old, J. D'. W. JVatts first, J. C. Shannon second. Cow, 3 years and over, J. D. W. Yatts first and second. Heifer, 1 to 2 years cid, J. D. W. Yatta first and second. Heifer, 1 to 2 years old, J. D. W. Yalts first and second. Heifer Calf-Under 1 year old ). W. Watts first and second. Aged Herd-J. D. W. Watts first. Young Herd-J. D. W. Walts scc <nd. Jersey?-Bull. 3 years old and over, Taylor plantation; Columbia, first. T. P. Henderson, Pheonix, second. Bull-Two to 3 years old, Taylor )lantation daii*y, first and second. Bull-One to" 2 years old, T. P. ?enderson first, Taylor plantation lairy second. Bull Calf-Over 1 year and over 2 nonths. Taylor plantation dairy first, T. P. Henderson second. Cow-Three years old and over, Taylor plantation first, T. P. Hendcr >on second. Heifer-Two to 3 years old, B. Har ris, Pendelton, first; T. P. Henderson second. Heifer-One to 2 years old, T. P. Henderson first, Taylor plantation ?airy second. Heifer Calf-Under 1 year. Taylor E^antation diary first and second. Aged Herd-Taylor plantation 3rst. Young Herd-Taylor plantation Srst. Guernseys-Bull, 3 years old and aver. J. G. Mobley first, Alex Mc Donald, Blackstock, second. Bull-Two to three years old, John Gi. Mobley first, and second. Bull-One to 2 years old, John 0. Mobley first and second. Bull Calf-Under one year, John G. Mobley first and second. Coav-Three years old and over, Thomas "C. Sanders, Hagood, first; John G. Mobley second. Heifer-Two to 3 years old, John G. Mobley first and second. Bull-One lo 2 years old, John G. Mohlcy first and second. Bull Calf-Under 1 year, John 0. Mobley, first and second. Cow-Three years old and fver, Thomas C. Sanders, Hagocd, first; John G. Molloy second. Heifer-Two to 3 years old, John j. Mobley first and second. Heifer-One to 2 years cid. Alex McDonald first. John G. Mobley sec md. Heifer Calf-Under 1 year and aver 2 months, John G. Mobley fir-: md second. Aced Ii*rd-Jrhn G. Moblcv first. Yonns- HTM-John G. Mobley first. Holsrein-Fi'ir^iaHs-Bull, 3 venrs -ld and over, E. J. Zobel, Columbia, ?rsr. Bul!-Oro io 2 years cid, L. IT Cone!:, Hanley, first. i Swine Department. ESSEX. Boar over 2 years, J. C. Slinnn Blaekstock, first; Alex Hacdom Blackstock, second. Boar, 1 to 2 years old. L. I. Si del's, Ninety-Six. first; J. C. Shani: Blackstock, second. Bear, over 6 months and under months old, J. C. Shannon, first o second. Sow, over 2 years old, L. I. S; ders, first; J. C. Shannon, second Sow, 1 to 2 years old, J. C. Sh; non, first; L. I. Sanders, second. 'Sow, over 6 months and under J. C. Shannon, first; D. B. Smith, ( lumbia, second. Pair pigs, one each sex, under months old, J. C. Shannon, first; L Sanders, second. Display not less than 10 head, J. Shannon, first; L. I. Sanders, secoi " . . BERKSHIRE. Boar, 1 to 2 years, L. K. Cow Easlcy, first. Boar, over G months an dunder '. R. E. Shannon, first; B. I:.'arris, P( dleton, second. Sow, over 2 years old, L. K. Com first; R. E. Shannon, second. ? Sow, 1 to 2 years old, W. E. Chi man, first; R. E. Shannon, second. Sow, over 6 months and under ! R. E. Shannon, first and second. Pair pigs, one. each sex, under months, R. E. Shannon, first, and si ond. Display not less than 10 head, R. Shannon, first; R. B. Watson, Rid Spring, second. POLAND CHINA. Boar, over 2 years, S. GK Summe Cameron, first and second. Boar, I to 2 yea's, S. J. Summe first: E. J. Zobel, Columbia, second. Boai\ over G months and under ] L. K. Couch, first; S. J. Sumac second. Sow, over 2 years, L. K. COIK first ; S. J. Summers, second. Sow, 1 to 2 years, W. S. Dickc first; S. J. Sowers, second. Pair of pigs, one each ?ex, under months, L. X. Couch, f.rst; S. Summers, second. Display not less than 10 head, S. Summers, first; L. K. Couch, secon JERSEY D?ROC. Boar, over 2 years, G. W. Harmc Lexington, first; R. M. Jenkins, ? Charles, second. Sow, over 2 .years, R. M. Jenkir first ; G. W. Harmon, second. Exhibit one boar and ' four son over 6 months old, R. M. Jenkins fir; VICTORIA. Sow, over 2 years old.. W. E. Cha man, first and second. OPEN TO THE WORLD. In the open-to-the-world contest this department there were also n merous entries and the folowii prizes were awarded. BERKSHIRES. Best boar, over 2 years old, R. ' ?Shannon, Blackstcck, first: Leonai Tufts, Pinehurst, N. C., seemid. Boar, 1 to 2 years old, Leonai Tufts, first and second. Sow, over 2 years old, Leonai Tufts, first and second. Sow, 1 to 2 years old, W. E. Cha] man, first; Leonard Tufts, second. Pair pigs, one each sex, under months, R. E. Shannon, first; Leonai Tufts, second. Horse Department. Grcgory-Conder Mule Compan; Columbia, first; R. L. Hearn, Bishoj ville, second. Single harness stallion, open t world-Alex Fraser, C.lester, first; . S. Meyers, Morristown. Tenn., secom Best ponv. ridden bv girl over li under 16-Entry by J. D. Powell, C( lumbia, first. Pest horsemanship by lady-Mis Belvia McDavid, Columbia, first; cr try by J. D. Powell, second. Best combination golding or mar -Can ?liman & Harmon, first: Hyd rick Windsor. Columbia, second. Harness colt, open to world, foale in 1006 or 1907-W. W. McCutchet Wisncky, first; J. L. Martin, Fountai: Inn. second. Harness filly, open to world, foale in I90o or 1907-Wallace Moore Cheraw, first; Caughnian & Harmon second. Best matched geldings, opcr t world-John J. Seibels, Columbir first: Geo. T. Little, Camden, scconc Best pair matched mares, open t world-W. W. McCurchen, first; E G. Kaminer. Gadsden, second. Saddle gelding, open to world-A M. Owens. Winnsboro, first; Hydric Windsor, second. Single harness gelding or mare driven by lady-Entry bv Grcgorv Conder Mule company, first; I. ( Cress, Chester, second. Mules. Bf ules, best double team open to th world-Grcgcry-Conder Mule Corr pany. first; J. B. Ashlev, Honea Pat! second. Jack, three year sold and over-I L. W. Thomason, Fountain Inn, first Hevward Green. Columbia, second. Jack, 1 year old and under 2 Henry Savage, Mamden, first and sec ond. Mule colt, under 1 year-B. L. W Thomason, first; J. E. Rodgers, sec ond. Mare and mule cpl.r, under 1 year South Carolina owned-J. E. Rodgers first ; D. L. W. Thomason, second. Thc class nf best standard bre< stalion with four of his get was woi by Jim Kennedy, record 2:09 1-4 owned by Dr. J. E. Heise of Columbia Three of Kennedy's colts took firs ?md two s?vond prize?. Farm Products. The following prize winners wen announced : Best display farm products frorr one farm. S. L. RawLs, Lexington, first prize: C. rodgers, Fountain Inn second prise. Pest half bushel white Dent corr with twelve cars, W. IL Sloan. Little Mountain, fir*! ; G. E. Harmon, Lex ington, seemd. Rest hr If 1 nslicl yellow Dont cern. Forest E/earcr. Trmo, first: R. H Ca usine tin. Lexington, second. Pc*t fea!f f'ushel bread corn. R. II Cnughman. t?rsf. C. Rcd-cra, second. Test half IJKK'HI prc.Y?e corn, will I six stalks, p. T-. Sh-l!. Columbia [ first; O. E. Lbaier. Edgewald, see ! end. "Rest half bushel popcorn, J. E. Rodgers first, C. Rodgers, Fountain Inn, second. Best display varieties corn, half bushel each, C. Rodgers first. Geo. W. Harmon, Lexington, second. Best half bushel red wheat, C. Rod gers first, G. W. Harmou, second. Best half bushel barley, J. W. Dro ller, Batesburg, first; E. J. Nunua niiiker, Columbia, second. Best half bushel red cats, C. Rodg ers, first, E. J. Nunnamakcr second. Best half bushel white oats. H.' Ii. Eleazer, Irme, first; Forest Elcazcr, Irrao, second. Best half bushel rye, Geo. W. Har mon first ; G. E. Harmon, second. Best half bushel Spanish peanuts. B, S. Rawls, Lexington, first; G. W. Harmon second. Best half bushel parched peanuts, S. L. Hawls, Lexington, first; J. Wade Swygert, Columbia, second. Best half bushel black cowpeas, G. W. Harmon first; C. Rodgers second. Best entry Braham cowpeas,. E. F. Bookter, Columbia, first. Best half bushel clay cowpeas, G. W. Harmon first, G. E. Harmon sec ond. Best half bushel cowpeas, G. E. ' Eleazer first; G. W. Harmon second. Best half bushel whip-poor-will cowpeas, D. B. Shull, Columbia, first; J. H. Shull, New Brookland, second. Best half bushel cowpeas, J. TV. Swygert first, B. G. Gibson, New Brookland, second.' Best half bushel collection variety, G. W. Harmon first, G. E. Eleazer second. Best bushel sweet potatoes, any va riety, A. L. Smith, Lexington, first; D. B. Shuil, Columbia, second. Best bushel Irish potatoes, E. J. Nunnamakcr first, S. L. Rawls second. Best bushel rutabager turnips. G. B. Wingard, Lexington, first ; G. W. Har mon second. Best bushel roiurh leaf turnips, G. Wingard first, G. W. Harmon second. Best bushel stock beets, S. L. Rawls first,-C. E. Rodgers second. Best bushel artichokes. G. W. Har mon first. G. B. Wingard second. Best bale cowpca hav, H. H. Eleaz er first, T. P. Henderson second. Best bale clover hav, H. H. Eleaz er first, I). F. Eleazer second. Best bale native grass hav, C. E. Rodgers first, H. W. Sloan, Little Mountain, second. Best bale Bermuda grass hay, II. H. Eleazer first, Forst Eleazer second. Best bale German millett. David Eleazer first. C. Rodgers second. Best display six varieties sorghum, G. W. Harmon first Best half bushel water flowed gell seed rice with sheaf of same, J. W. j Dreher, Batsburg. first prize. Best half bushel upland rice with sheaf of same, G. E. Harmon first, G. W. Harmon second. Best bale upland cotton, J. Wade Swygert first, Forest Eleazer second. SOME GAMES AT STATE FAE* Basket Ball Easily Won. The Carolina basketball five fell an easy prey to the Davidson team Tues day at the fair grounds. The final score was $9 to 8 in favor of the Presbyterians, who made most of their points on fieiJ goals. Carolina's eight points were gained on foul goals. She failed to make a single goa5. fiom the field. In spite of the score the contest be tween the North and South Carolin ians Avas an intercstine; one. Thc field goal throwing of McDuffie and Miles was spectacular at times. They tossed the hall info the basket from seemingly impossible positions and did the star work for thc visitors. Capt. Mcclintock of Davidson made a field goal from near the middle of the field. Thc visitors were much Strong er on team work than Carolina. For the university the foul god throwing of Capt. While was the fea ture. Ile scored for Carolina seven om of a possible 13 times. The game was marred by rain and a rough fiel 1. During the second half the ball ?vao almost too slippery to field. Football a Tie. The Davidson-Citadel football game played on the Fair grounds Wednesday morning resulted in a tic score, 0 to 0. The game was playe-l to a stand still, neither side heine ahic to get the oval across the goal l:nes. The teams were well watched., as the final result showed. It was a case of Greek meet Greek, and the fight was fierce and furious all the time. Both teams showed a versatility of offensive play and wen strong on thc defence. Time af tc tiree each team resorted to thc kick to cain the required ten yards. The first few plays were rather rag ged, but thc teams soon ..ettie down t< steady work and many beautiful play: weer pulled off by beth sides. Thc Citadel team work was something good to see. They worked as on' mau, getting off thc piavs with snap and ginger. Thc ball was no soonei down than thc players got into mo tion. Davidson was no less nervy, bu! tho? were a little slower in gettin? off their plays. The trreat work cf Dunn. Elliott Pnden for Davidson was a feature o' the game, while Riddle. Nichols anc Duckett starred for the Citadel. How ever, it was not a game of stars, for eleven men on each side were work ing all thc time, and it is to the good team work of each that no score wa:r recorded on either side. The game was a medley of linc plunges, end runs, forward passes am1 punts. No one form was adhered ti by either side, though Davidso punted oftener, relying on her ends i recover. Dr. Langworthy. of the Dcpiirtmen' of Chemistry, is preparing to deal a body blow to tho "Fletcherizing" of food. He has called for voluteers fo a unique poison squad and desires young men who will submit to tests by tho calorimeter, which Dr. W. 0. A (water invented. From bbscvations taken by this instrument thc conclu sion has been reached bv Dr. Lang worthy that it is possible to masticate food too much, and to such an cx 'ent as to deprive the digestive or gans of certain of their functions. PIS. TAFT GREETED Columbia and Augusta Gav Him Glad hand. ?oLUMBIA LEADS IN V/ELCOML Banqueted Saturday Evening at Co?, lumbia and Takes Sabbath Best ai Augusta His Southern Home. umbia Saturday was filled with in terest. He was entertained at lunch eon in the chamber of the House of Representatives at the State Capital and remarked that South Carolina was the first State officially to greet him within the walls of its Capitol. The only other President ever to visit Columbia was Washington whose stay in the quaint old city is chronicled as having been an event in-179.1. Like President Taft, Washington was en tertained at luncheon in the State Capitol. The building which soused President Taft today, however, was not the same, though it is old enough to bear the scars of a bombardment from Sherman's army. Following the evacuation of Colum bia by Gen. Wade Hampton and -the - occupation by General Sherman, the entire business section of the city was burned. Consequently the President' Satur day looked upon a strange admixture of ante-bellum homes and skyscrapers indicative of modern progress. During his long automobile ride OUR PRESIDENT through the city, the President was taken past the old Baptist church where the secession convention as sembled. Through the misdirection | of a native a Methodist church was burned by the Northern array as the supposed place of the inception of the secession. The President also saw the palatial old Preston mansion ic which Sherman established his head quarters", and made a brief address to the students of the University of South Carolina on the old campus sur rounded by a hollow square of build ings which have know no outward . shange tince the days of the civil war. The many reminders of the cou?ict af the sixites caused the President to speak at the luncheon in his honor with a fervor on the subject of tlie> passing of all sectional feeling great er than he has displayed at any other city during his Southern trip. The President also made, a speech at the , State fair grounds. After spending the entire after noon in historic old Columbia, with its many reminders of the wi'hering blast of the civil war. Presid?ni'Taft . arrived in Augusta at 8:30 o'clock Saturday to rest until Monday when be resumed his journay to Washing ton. The President often speaks of Au- ? ?rusta as '/home" and his reception 'lere, as he rode through crowded and ' brilliantly illuminated streets leading from the train to the home of Major ? Joseph B. Cumming, whose house fuest he was. was in the nature of a homecoming celebration. Mr. Taft bas stated several times that he was & resident of Augusta when elected! President of the United States, that is when the electoral votes were cast at Washington. The Augusta people are proud to claim him as their owfi and hence the name of "Taft. Wil liam H., President of the United States, Terret cottage, Summerville. 'r appears in the current city directory It was from Augusta last winter that the President-elect went to Washing ton to take the oath of office. Mr. Taft had been looking forward to his visit to Augusta and the resi dents of the city made his .stay.as? pleasant as possible. They asked him to make only one speech during his two days in town. Saturday night 6a informal recepiion at the Cumming* home, left the President f?ree to-retire carly for a much needed long night'? rest. Sunday he attended services, at the Church of the Good Shepherd,. Episcopalian; lunched with Lando? A. Thomas and dined quietly at the Cumming's home in the evening. Mon day morning, bright and early, the President played golf on the links of the Country Club where he sprat so much time last winter when the snows drove him from Hot Springs tc* seek a warmer climate. Mortgage For $150,000,030; Norfolk, Va., Special-The Sea board Air Line Railway bas recordec in the office, of the Norfolk countvj court two mortgages aggregatin; .?150,000,000. The State taxes on lui morten cres were $8,220. One of tues mortgages* is for $25,000,000 cf?fiv per cent 40-year adjustment gol bonds. Thc ether mortgage is fo $125,000,000 refunding bonds, pr.yahl fifty years hence, and bearing in Lore! at the rate of four per cent.