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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, December 09, 1909, Christmas Number, Image 11

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026897/1909-12-09/ed-1/seq-11/

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Artificial Flowers For Corsage.
Ohe of the pretty and attractive
fads in Paris which is fast gaining
hold here is the wearing of artificial
flowers for corsage decorations. This
is not for the evening, but for daily
use. The flowers are wonderfully
natural, and really look as though
they had just been plucked in the
garden or the greenhouse. There
are lovely orchids, with a few sprays
of maidenhair fern interspersed
Clusters of bluets, with a few of the
long, swordlike leaves, make up an
other stunning bouquet. Gardenias
are used singly or in bunches of
three. Carnations of all colc-s and
of the big variety are used singly; so
are roses. And so might be enum
erated the entire list of the florists'
shojs. The flower must be selected
to harmonize with the color of the
costume or with the hat, and there
fore the modish woman has half a
dozen different kinds of corsage bou
quets. The real beauty lie3 in their
freshness, and so soon as they show
the least signs of wear others must
be purchased to replace the old and
faded ones. Indeed, the up-to-date
woman looks upon the present of a
box containing half a dozen bouquets
of artificial flowers with as much
favor as she has always regarded the
finest and freshest of the greenhouse
variety.-New York Tribune.
For Elderly Women.
It can be admitted that there are
not as many fashions for elderly
women as there are for the younger
ones, yet the fashions for the former
are exclusive and carefully mads.
Eonnets for elderly women are fre
quently made of Neapolitan braids or
plaques, crushed and folded into
shape over a fitted wire frame.
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Cream of Asparagus S
asparagus into half-inch 1
in three cups of salted w
. drain through a colander,
that all the juice may ex
and keep it hot while y<
tablespoonful of butter ai.
a quart of milk. Stir un
liquor slowly with a cupf <
tender. Have ready bea^
hot soup gradually upon
to the fire for just half a i
Among the-serious considerations for i
elderly wowen are the necks. There '
is no comfort in a high-bone stock,
and the stiff collar cannot be consid
ered. Very soft Spanish lace for thc
lowered neck lins is a delight to tbs
elderly woman, who must have ease
and comfort. One of the latest crea
tions is a soft lace stock, which will
take the place of the more youthful
arrangements. The stocks are tolded
ones around the neck and tied in
front over a pleated jabot of net.
The duchess lace ties are arranged
la the same way, or in soft folds with
a V shape at the throat. For ths
elderly woman folded tulle is also a
very pretty finish and one very much
worn at the present tims. The white
lace cap is one of the prettiest crea
tions, and is usually a very small af
fair, frilled and beribboned with
white, black or lavender.
Caps look very well on snow white
hair and they must sometimes be
worn when the hair is quite thin.
The latest night caps have lace
rosettes above each string. They are
made of pure whits muslin and are
worn a great deal by elderly women
who cling to the old-time custom of
wearing the night head-dress,-Wash
ington Herald.
Good Taste in Veils.
"The mission of the veil is to keep
the hair in order and to enhance the
brilliancy of the complexion," says
the Woman's Home Companion. "It
should not be striking In itself. Heav
ily-spotted nets and lace veils ot con
spicuous pattern should be for this
reason tabooed. They are trying to
rise above their sphere, trying to be
something on their own account, and
so they conceal the face, and Inci
dentally ruin the eyes.
"Nevertheless, lt ls the veil with
the large, conspicuous mesh that
fashion is specially favoring in Paris
and New York just now.
"For th? perfect complexion the
best veil is perhaps the plain, fairly
large mesh net which is hardly no
ticeable and only serves to keep the
hair in place. Most of us, however,
require in the hard light of out of
doors some simple beautifier, and for
us the spots and lines of the patterned
nets are a boon.
"The most generally becoming veil
has a black figure on a white ground:
the white net coming close to the skin
heightens Its fairness, while the black
spots accentuate its brilliancy. A veil
of this type is becoming according to
the size and arrangement of its spots.
The black chenille dots with a gen
erous space between act like the old
fashioned 'mouche,' the touch of
black court plaster at the side of the
cain or near the outer corner of the
pye, so much affected by the clever
^beauties of the time of Marie An
toinette. When these spots come
closely together the white spaces aro
uot sufficiently large to do their work
and the effectiveness of the spots 13
almost, if not entirely, nullified."
Good Words For Co-Educntion.
The less of home life is ono of the
principal charges brought against our
s present system of education, says one
\- . luthority on co-education. "In the
Did family life, now, sad enough to
?ay, a thing of the past,- where chil
Iren met together as brothers and
sisters of a large family, womanhood
had its chance.
"Now, when the only child becomes
less and less of a'rarity, the putting
together of boys and girls while they
are little, In circumstances where by
natural, wholesome degrees they may
live out natural, wholesome lives
this association becomes even more a
"We separate them rigidly from
each other while they are young: we
separate them during all the time
when association with each other
would bring everything of good in
each to the other, and we throw
them together again at an age when,
by the very force of this unnatural
separation, they have learned to look
upon each other wrongly and falsely.
"What I see as a danger to certain
young woman of to-day is a growing
aversion from the consideration of
falling in love and of marriage, which
seems to me to be .a very unfortu
nate characteristic. '
"The modern girl who takes life,
and especially her school lifo, seri
ously issues forth from her scrool
with a supreme contempt of young
men; she won't look at anyone under
fifty. Young men as wo genera!'.?
see them may not be very much to
look at. but at any rate they arr. the
natural companions of young women,
and more and more the seriously ed
ucated girl of to-day is getting to de
spise the idea of marriage as some
thing beneath contempt.
"I subm?; that this is a very great
pity, and here again one feels that
ignorance must be at the back of the
contempt. A girl with a lot of broth
ers-that is. if she is given any
chance of making their acquaintance
by meeting them at home-is never
contemptuous of lads and young men.
!oap.-Cut the stalks of a bunch of
engths. and boil slowly for an hour
ater. When the stalks are tender,
pressing an? rubbing the asparagus
ade. Return, the liquid to the fire
JU cook together .in. a saucepan a
d one of flour, and pour upon them
til smooth, and add the asparagus
il or asparagus tips, already boiled
5n the yolks of two eggs, pour the
these, stirring all the tims; return
aiinute, season to taste, and serve.
Separate girls from their natural
counterparts, boys, and you make
them hard and they lose that gentle,
potential motherliness, which the
world and men can ill do without."
-Philadelphia Record.
There is a passion for jeweled em
Many of the tailored pockets are
mero shams.
All the grays arc to bc very fash
Fall tones generally are soft, dull
and faded.
Small buttons are moro used than
large ones.
. Hats that are turned down are
less in evidence.
Patent leather hats ure being used
for motoring.
Green belts arc stylish as well as
green parasols.
None of the new coats shows any
flare at the hips.
Pockets in motoring coats and
ulsters are large.
Close-fitting styles will continue
throughout the season.
Some long coats of the most elab
orate nature are seen.
Faded reds are in again for coat
suits on younger woman.
Colored embroidery enters into
much of the new neckwear.
Silk serge and some of the heavier
ottoman weaves in ?ilk are to be made
up in dressy street costumes.
Light blue chiffon broadcloth is used for
this charming gown cf modified princess
type. The bolero is embroidered in iri
descent beads, and a touch of gold, as is
also the band on the skirt.
Mousqueta:re sleeves and yoke of deep
ecree chiffon cloth.
The gown could be carried out on the
lame lines, much less elaborately, if desired
Household Affairs
Mal ting is Effective.
Wl.ea the floor is in poor condition
and must be covered, if there are no
rugs for it entirely plain matting is
not to be despised. It wears better
than many of the "fillings." that show
soil as well as every particle of dust.
When it becomes necessary to cleanse
the matting lt should bo done with
salt water, instead of soap.-Indian?
apo!is News.
Seedless Grapes.
Many people forego the pleasure of
ealing grapes on account of the seeds.
Grape seeds are injurious and it cer
tainly is no little trouble to extract
them from thc fruit when eating.
Seedless grapes are delicious. They
are about the size cf a gooseberry and
are white. When served they should
be thoroughly iced.-Nev/ Haven
Cleaning Silver.
Buy an alumnium pan for eighty
cents and boil in this any piece of
silver that is in nesd of polishing.
After boiling twenty minutes take the
silver out, wipe thoroughly, then rub
with a piece of cheese cloth, and no
matter how black the silver was it
will be as bright as new. A small
piece of aluminum ware, a cup or
plate, put in the water with thc sil
ver, will answer (he same purpose if
one does not care to purchase thc
pan. The result wiil hardly he be
lieved uutil tried.-Boston Post.
.Tussed TInrc.
Skin a bare, wino it carefully, but
do not wash lt. Let the blood from
the upper part of tho body run into a
basin, with the liver, lungs and heart.,
and s^t it aside. Cut off the head,
shoulders, legs and chop the back
into three or four pieces; put them
into a jar with one or two onion?, five
cloves, a bunch of herbs an.i a bay j
leaf, peppercorns and salt and a bit
each of celery and lemon rind. Cover !
with water, cover tightly and let it
stew in a large saucepan of water till
tender (from three to four hours).
Take the blood, mix ii with flour and
water and a spoonful of vinegar;
bring it slowly, while stirring contin
uously, almost to tho boil; then strain j
lt into the jar. Parboil the heart and |
liver, grate or pound them; add thi3
to some forcemeat, which malcc ini;o
balls: fry and use them as a garnish
for the hare when dished. Serve thc
pieces of hara on a very hot dish; ,
strain thc gravy over'and hand red
currant Jelly in a glass dish.-Wash? j
A Charming Baby Basket.
A fascinating baby basket just
made for a young mother was of
wicker, shallow and oblong. It was
lined with mercerized saline, pink, of
high luster, and covered with Paris
muslin, which is as dainty looking 33
organdy and much more durable.
Tho pink lining was put in plain,
but thc musiin was gathered slightly ?
at top and bottom cf tho sides, the
bottom being piala. Double strips of
inch-wide Valenciennes insertion were
arranged acro?s the bottom to form a
diamond. ?. 1
Along each tide were pockets of
the musiin gathered at thc top on au
elastic and edged with narrow lace.
The fronts of the pockets as weil as
the long pincushion across one end
and the equally long, stiffened cover
with leaves of flannel underneath to
hold safety pins at the other end,
were also stripped with insertion in
diamond effect. !
Where each pocket and cushion
joined the basket the sewing was con
cealed under fluffy rosettes 0! pink
baby ribbon. ]
The ruffle that fell over thc side3
was made of straight strips of the
Paris muslin, with an inch-wide hem
at the bottom, and above it eighth cf
an inch tucks a half-inch apart, with
baby ribbon sewed between each tuc?-.
Tho ribbon was put on plain, though
it would have been equally pretty if a
width wider ribbon was used and
gathered at the upper edge.-New
York Times,
Creamed Beets.-Cut boiled b'eets
in thin slices or into dice shape. Heat
them in the saucepan with cream to
cover and add one teaspoon of vine
gar and a little sugar and salt. Have
just cream enough io moisten tho
Currant Sherbert.-One pint of
currant juice, one pint cf water, one
pint cf sugar, whites of two eggs,
i Boil the juice, water and sugar.
! Skim thoroughly and pour it while
hot into the eggs, beaten until foamy.
Beat it well and when cool freeze.
Pot Pie.-Cut veal, beef or chickeu
into pieces. Put into bolling water
enough to cover. Boil an hour and
season to taste. Make a batter of
two beaten eggs, two cupfuls of milk,
a teaspoon of baking powder and flour
to make a batter. Drop in separate
spoonfuls while boiling and cook five
minutes or longer. Sarve at once.
White Fruit Cafca.-One cup cf
butter, two cups of ??hite sugar, one
cup of milk, two and one-half cups cf
of flour. T lites of seven eggs, two
teaspoonfuls cf baiting powder, one
pouud of ?eedlec.'j raisins, ene pound
0? figs, ono of dat?3 and blanched
almond:, one-quarter cf a pound of
citron. Cut td! fine, Cour well. Bake
Peanut Candy.-Three-quarters of
cup of brown sugar, two tablespoon
fuls of vinegar, ofnc-r.uarter cup cf
white sugar, two ir.Mcspoonfulo of
water, one-quaric".1 cup c." molasses,
butter the eire cf an egg, vanilla to
taste. Stir as litric ar. possible, and
boil uni il it hardens in cold water.
Cover tho bottom of r. buttered tin
with chopped peanuts and pour the
candy over them.
Pnzc Boston Animal Causs3 n
Sensation With His Pst in Nev/
A two-thousand-dollar Boston bull
dog tenderly "carrying a large Teddy
bear by the nape of the neck and ap
parently trying to keep bruin from
soiling his feet on the pavement was
a sight that attracted the attention of
pedestrians in Canal Street, Nev/ Or
leans, a short time ago, and finally
led a reporter to unearth an interest
ing story. It is of a dog's pitiful and
touching devotion to the toy.
On account of the canine's unusual
viciousness and the great number of
battles he has won, his mistrr Miss
Phyllis Gilmore, gave him name
of Ferocious.
As Miss Gilmore, Fe- JS and the
Teddy bear entered lobby of a
hotel, in an effor' escape the at
tention of the gathering crowd that
had followed from Canal street, a
score of the curious stood on the
pavement and peered in to see what
disposition Ferocious would make of
his strange burden.
They were soon rewarded by see
ing the canine prize winner walk
straightway to the mo3t comfortable
looking chair in the lobby and care
fully place his pet thereon, in a sit
ting posture. He then backed away
a few feet and, crouching upon his
great haunches, gazed intently in the
glass eyes of his Teddy, all thc while
keeping up a low whining, as if try
ing to inquire why his pet did not
romp with him.
When asked for an explanation of
the dog's unusual actions Miss Gil
more said:
"The truth of thc matter is that
the affection that Ferocious shows his
Teddy is a really wonderful tiling. It
is the case of a dog's remarkable
depth of devotion and still more re
markable memory.
"When Ferocious was a pup and
hardly able to waddle I owned a cub
bear, in the same state of infancy,
j As the two grew up they became fast
j friends and would romp together all
j day. But about thirteen months ago
the little bear died and Ferocious has
; not been the same dog until last
"I had him out in Canal street for
a walk when suddenly I saw him
dart for a show window and try to
lunge through it. He seemed wild
with joy and I could not understand
his antics until I saw that tho win
dow contained a Teddy bear about
the same size and color of his old
playmate. I bought him the little
stuffed animal and he has since re
gained his old spirit.
"Do you know," continued Miss
Gilmore, ^J,_really believe that Fero
cious thinks ho has found his pup
hood companion. When I feed him
he takes Teddy by the neck and
pokes his nose into his food, as if
trying to make it share his meals.
When I make him go to his box at
night he will not sleep unless I let
him rest his head or paws upon his
New York to Hare a News Telephons
The Telephone Newspaper Com
pany cf America is the name of a firm
just incorporated under thc laws of
the State of New York, with a capi
tal cf $100,000 to furnish all those
who win subscribe to a service which
it will inaugurate with general nows
as fall as a daily newspaper now
Thc company is headed by Manly
M. Gillam, advertising counsel of the
New York Herald, as president, and
associated with him are William H.
Alexander and Cornelius Belassa. lt
is expected that everything will be in
readiness to start the service within
a year. All news of general interest
will be covered, including political
happenings, baseball scores by inn
ings and a score of like branches
will go right into the subscriber's
home by wire.
While this will be thc first attempt
at conducting a telephone newspaper
in this country, the plan has met with
more or less success in a number of
European cities, Paris, London, Vien
na and Budapest among them.
The lines on which those in Europe
have been operated will be followed
In this country under thc direction of
Mr. Belassa, who has been identified
with such ventures in Budapest and
Vienna, and who owns the transmit
ting and receiving patents.
The cervico, according to Mr. Gil
lam, besides supplying its subscrib
ers with every branch of news, as an
added inducement will furnish on the
evenings of the grand opera season a
special vocal and instrumental musi
cal service.
So far as recorded, bloodhounds
! have captured nothing since they al
lowed Eliza to get away across the
floating ice. Indeed, Eliza's was
about the closest call recorded. But
the records, perhaps, arc prejudiced.
' At any rate, the New York Central
I Railroad has invested in eight blood
j hounds, to be used in protecting its
! property and trailing thieves. Of
course, the clogs haven't caught any
I thing, as yet, but the fact that they
, have become the property of a vast
transportation company should im
prove their standing in the canjue
world, and serve as vindication until
they do.-Atchison Globe.
Two Million Miles by Kail.
A locomotive of the London &
Northwestern Railroad, named
Charles Dickens, has the distinction
of having traveled nearly two million
one hundred thousand mlleg In haul
ing expre?* trains, a feat, lt la
thought, unique In the annals of rail
roading. Thc" Charles Dickens, built
rt Crewe, waa put into service Febru
ary 6, 1S?2, and until a year or two
ago was still one of the fastest loco
motives on thc road and in excellent
condition.-New York Tribune.
Ono of thc leaders in New York
City's business world, who is also a
conspicuous philanthropist, writes
from a vacation resort, where he
v/ent to rest: "There is no rest in the
country for a man who receives
Just you learn to sav "No,"
Young man, and then
You won't always be saying
"Never again."
-Louisville Courier-Journal.
"She's not like other girls."
"Do you mean she has hips'
Louisville Courier-Journal. ,
"Well, summer has gone at last."
"Has, eh?" responded the perspir
Ins citizen. "I hadn't missed it."-*
Philadelphia Ledger.
Little Johnny-"Say, mister!"
"Who crossed your eye? instead 0/
?lotting them?"-Puck.
Bounder - "What became of you
fast night, old man?"
Rounder - "I spent the evening
with you, old chap."-Ideas.
Tramp - "Say, mister, I haven't
a ad a bite all day."
Dejected Augler - "Same here.
Where did you ??h?"-Boston Tran
Knicker - "The Government has
ieen after the railroads for years."
Eocker-"And yet hasn't succeed
ed in opening a car window."-New
York Sun.
"Why won't you go to the picnic?"
"Aw, I'm tea tired. Let's soak a
'ev/ sandwiches in lemonade and eat
'em on the kitchen floor."-Washing?
Lon Herald.
Mrs. Bryde-"Lock, dearie, there's
a fly in the preserves I made this
Bryde-"Peor thing! I bet it's
the worst jam he ever got into!"-?
"Love is the wine of life," quoted
/he Wise Guy.
"And marriage is the morning af?
ter," added the Simple Mug.-Phila<
Celphia Record.
Romeo was swearing by the moon.
"Too inconstant," murmured Ju
/iet; "it has a man in it."
Chagrined, he switched to Halley'?
comet instead.-New York Sun.
"See here, sir! Where have yoi
"My dear, I will give you full par
ticulars In due time. I have the data,
but it has been entrusted to a friend.''
-Louisville Courier-Journal.
"Ever try this keep a-smiling prop
"Tried it once, but with poor suc
cess. Unfortunately, I started the ex
periment on a day that the boss felt
grouchy." - Louisville Courier-Jour
"So you think that the danger of
Arctic expeditions has increased?"
"Yes," answered the explorer.
"Nev/ perils confront us. We will
now have to take chances on the riv
als who may be laying for one anoth
er with snowballs molded around
"I'm sorry," said the able actor,
"but lil have to refuse your liberal
offer to appear as the villain in your
"What's the trouble?" asked the
"My doctor has absolutely forbid
den me to smoke cigarettes.'"-Wash
ington Star.
Hazel Nut cf the Northwest.
The crop of hazel nuts in Clark
County for this year hits been enor
mous. Every bush is laden with nuts
and all the boys and girls are storing
large quantities for winter use. One
family has the banner pick of four
bushels of shelled nuts in one day.
Tnat the cultivated hazel nut, or
Albert, is admirably adapted to this
climate has been demonstrated by a
number 0! growers, among them .Ino.
E. Norellus, of Kauffman avenue ex
tension, who has teven acres cf trees
In excellent condition. There aro 300
trees to the acre, planted ten feet
apart. The culture ia profitable to
the grower, 53 the nuts bring fourteen
and fifteen cents a pound.
The trees bear a few nuts the first
'.rear, the crop Increasing yearly until
the ten-year-old trees are bearing
about ten pounds o? mus. At a mar
ket price of fifteen cents, SOO trees
to an acre and ten pounds to the tree,
the net sum of $450 an acre can bi
realized.-Vancouver Ccrrespondenct
of the Portland Oregonlnu.
Ripening ol' Cream.
The ripening of cream for churning
ls caused by a certain ciass of bacteria
which usually get into the milk from
the cir. They are? also transmitted
from tho churn aud milk "vessels.
Also the proper ripening of cream
depends upon thc temperature upon
which it is held. If the cream is hold
at tco low a temperature the bacteria
are held i:i check and hence cannot
work .normally. ' Often Interfering
species of bacteria get into the milk
and cream and destroy thc effect of
those that cause proper cream ripen
ing.-Farmers' Home Journal.
Please tell me how to harvest and
thresh buckwheat. I have about six
acres and want to save che seed. Can
it be threshed with the common wheat
separator, anti can you cut it with the
usual wheat binder?
A. T., Sullivan County.
Answer-Buckwheat may be cut
wjih a machine, but ought not to be
put in largo bundles cr tied tightly.
lt should bc cut in tho morning when
damp to prevent shattering tho seed,
lt is bciter to let it lia a few days in
the swath, then set it up without
binding, merely twisting the heads to
gether, so as to make it stand till you
PVC ready to thresh. Thresh with
machine and bo careful that it does
not mold.-Indiana Farmer.
?quab*IXouse ami Flying Shed.
This is a pigeon-house and flying
pen for squab-raising. Thc house is
twelve feet wide and thirty-six fest
long, divided into three rooms twelve
by twelve feel, and an alleyway four
feet wide.
The nests somewhat resemble a
grocery shelving. The partitions are
about ten inches on the centre and
the shelves, ten inches between all,
and movable to facilitate cleaning.
to ti
The fiying pen is covered with a
medium-mesh chicken-wire. Each
pen and corresponding part of the
house has room enough for sixty or
sixty-five pairs of pigeons.
The house should be set up on posts
to keep out rats and mice, and the
walls should be shingle-sided. The
windows shown between the flying
pen and tho nesting rooms have only
one glass in each place, and need be
only one sash wide.
A house of this size eau be built
for about $200.-J. C. Shawver,
Blaine, Wash.
Canada Blue Grass.
An Inquiry comes from E. T. H., of
Henry County, regarding English
blue grass. Wc presume Canada blue
grass ls Intended, as this grass is an
importation from Europe. It is a
close relation to our Kentucky blue
grass, and is quite common in thc
Eastern States. It is more slender in
stem than thc common blue grass,
and like this grass does best on good
clay soils, where it makes a closer
turf and withstands drought better
than the Kentucky. It is very valu
able as pasture for dairy cattle. The
seed should bs sown, eight to ten
pounds to the acre, mixed with other
kinds of grass seed. Sow very early
in spring, so that the melting snow3
may cover ir. Es sure that the seed
ts fresh and ?ound.-indiana Farmer.
Pasture For Sheep.
A sheep grower says that from
May to September sheep should have
Dlue grass or clover pasture or some
other good grass. Stubble fields, corn
fields and aftermaths should furnish
the pasture for the balance of the sea
Eon. Nine or ten ewes averaging 100
pounds can feed on one acre of gop.d
grass pasture.
From September 1 until the flock
goes to winter quarters rape sown
two or three pounds per acre in grain
at seeding cr corn at last cultivation
will furnish excellent feed for the
Lambs may bs turned into thc corn
fields by August 10 lo 20. They will
cat thc lower leaves and weeds that,
may bs present, not touching the ears.
This is cheap pasture euri unless used
in this way is wasted.
By thus using tho waste and catch
crop?, and raising plenty of pasture
thc cost of pesiure for SI?O?P is ridicu
lously low,-Indian^ Farmer-.
Si\ 1 kto??Mfichhie Y.:;p?rlcnco*
The WUccnsln station baa made
extended tests with a milking ma
chine on its dairy herd, and says that
a careful study and results cf using
the machine, as well as reports from
many dairymen using it ia that Slats,
are favorable. Here aro its conclu
sions after all this experience. Tho
bulletin says:
Experience with machine-milking
will lead to the conclusion that tho
adoption of machine-milking with thc
prosent development of the machine,
can only he recommended under con
ditions where the farmer is able to
give personal attention to the opera
tion of the machine, or has reliable,
intelligent help, who can and will fol
low the directions of thc manufactur
ers 33 to care of the machine, manip
ulation of the "Uder, stripping the
cows, etc. Where such ?3 the case we
can recommend the milking-machine
for tho general dairy farmer who has
a largo herd, or for farmers owning
smaller herds, e. g., thirty head or
perhaps les?, who will be able to at
tend to the milking of the herd alone
or with the help of a boy by means of
the machine, end thus avoid keeping
extra help for this purpose. We "do
not feel perfectly safe lu recommend
ing the milking-machine for p?re
bred herds, where the maintenance or
the development of a maximum dairy
production in the cows ls of vital in .
portr.nce, although we believe that
uuder favorable conditions it may
also prove of value in such herds.
The success of machine-milking
will depend largely upon che man op
erating the machine and on his atti
tude toward machine-milking. If the
machine is given a rair trial a\d the
directions of the manufacturers are
carefully followed, machine-milking
will, as a general rule, be a success,
at least to the extent of approximat
ing the results obtained by good
hand-milkers and perhaps evin im
proving on those secured by general
farm help.
The experiences of practical farm
ers and the results of careful, exhaus
tive trials agree in showing that so
far as the machine itself is concerned
the problem of mechanical milking
may now be considered solved, al
though minor improvements in the
present machine are needed and will
doubtless bc made before loug.
Properly cared for and handled the
milking-machine will prove a valu
able aid in the solution of the hired
help problem on many dairy farms,
and will become an important factor
in the further development of our
dairy industry.
Water Gaps.
The fencing of branches and creeks
than run through farms has alwa3"S
been, and I suppose always will be, a
vexing question for the farmer to
meet. He wants a gate or gap that is
inexpensive, strong and lasting. Whe?
we think of the damage done near!*
every year to bridges and water gaj)??
by high water we see the necessity cl
studying this question very closely.
Three points must be taken into con
sideration in the construction of wat
er gaps, nameiy, that after the wate?
gets to a certain height it will either
go over, around or under the obstruc
tion in its way. We must so arrange
them that there will be as little as
possible in the way of the water to
check it: also taking into considera
tion the fact that during times of high
water a great amount of driftwood
and other trash will be carried down,
by the water to dam up and overflow
your field above.
I will give a way that has beer:
tried successfully in this locality t<?
meet the water gap question. For tho
smaller streams a post is set on each
side of the stream in line with the
fence. These posts should be placed
deep In the ground, when the water
is low. They need be no more than
ten or twelve inches in diameter. Dig
the bole some three feet in diameter
and fill in around the post with con
crete. Take the bark off the post so
the concrete will adhere to lt. Bore
two holes through each post, on?-near
top and the other near the bottom.
Take an eye made of Iron, wi h one
end bent to make an eye that will
take an Inch rod and the other end
cut a screw for tap; place one of these
in each hole and screw up tightly.
Then get an Inch rod with a loop to
the upper end; just supposing your
two posts are twenty-four feet apart
take fourteen-foot rails or poles and
bore an inch hole in the upper eye,
then through the holes in the rails,
using washer made of short blocks
of wood ne ct to each rail to hold
them the proper distance apart. Now
slip your rod into the lower eye. K
is necessary for the two eyes to be
far enough from the post that the
ends of the rails will not strike the
post and keen them from swinging,
the other side being fixed in a similar
manner. Thc loose ends are laid to
gether like a rail fence, being placed
down stream. During a time of high
water the rails' will be pushed down
stream and around against each bank,
allowing the water to pass through;
after the water goes down sufficiently
lay up the rails and your gap is a3
good as ever.
For larger streams another form of
gap is sometimes used. Take two
logs, the first one place in a ditch or
trench that has been dug across the
bottom of the stream; the ends of this
log should extend into the bank on
each side. Place the other log EIX or
eight feet below the first and twelve
cr fifteen inches higher than it. Thia
log should extend well into the banks,
since it does not touch the grouud
except at th? ends. A post set on
each side of the stream just below
this log will help to bold it in posi
tion. Spike poles on these logs about
three Inches a:5?rt, the upper ends
extending Into tho bottom of the
creek far enough co that no drift can
catch on them, l?o careful not to get
tho lower end too high or lt will
catch, the drift wood.-The Indiana
A Question to Bc Considered.
"Do you consider iJagiarism per
missible under any circumstances?"
'.Well." answered Senator Sor
ghum, "it's pretty hard when you find
yourself compelled to make a choice
be iv. een being intercaiiug or orig
inal."-Washington Star.

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