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IpCondcoted by the Woman's Christian
Temperance Union.) ALCOHOL BRINGS ONLY HARM German Ministry of Education Dis courages Use of Wine, Beer and Brandy by Children. The German ministry of education recently approved the following notice to be distributed by the board of health : Give your children not a drop of 'wine! Not a drop of beer! Not a drop of brandy! Why! Because alcohol of any kind, even in the smallest quantity, brings only harm. 1. Alcohol checks bodily ajad men tal development. 2. Alcohol leads quickly to exhaus tion and makes heaviness and inat tention in school. 3. Alcohol causes disobedience to parents. 4. Alcohol develops sleeplessness and early nervousness. 5. Alcohol endangers the mortality of children. 6. . Alcohol weakens the resisting power of the body and thereby leads to the development of all kinds of dis eases. 7. Alcohol prolongs the duration of every Illness. S. Alcohol continually awakens re newed thirst, and on that account leads easily to habits of drinking. INJURY WROUGHT BY ALCOHOL Same Effects and Conditions as Pro ckiced by Vitiated Air-Interferes With Repair of Tissues, Many of you have been in a close room, and after a time you have felt a sense of suffocation; yonr face has got flushed and you have felt a head ache coming OB. and you have felt a lassitude which is very characteristic of the want of fresh air, or the condi tion produced by fresh air ia r. ?-jom. Alcohol produces exaetly the same conditions, exactly the same effects; It produces exactly the same lassi tade. First o: all it produces a feel ing of well-being because it impairs sensation, but after a tiree it induces a condition of lassitude, the face be comes flushed, the head very often aches simply because alcohol is act ing In the same way that the bad air nt a room acts. It Interferes with the repair of the tissues, thus getting rid of the waste of the tissues and the work of the tissues.-Dr. Sims Wood head. ALCOHOL KILLS BY INCHES Moderate Drinker Destroys One-Third of "White Bodyguard"-Suscep tible to Disease. Physiology shows Just how alcohol Mils "by inches," or more accurately speaking, by millimeters. In one mil limeter of blood a total abstainer will Lave about 75,000 "little white sol diers," (leucocytes or white corpus cles), a moderate drinker only 50,000, for defense against the army of mi crobes, germs and parasites, armed with poisoned arrows, that every hour rush into our mouths, and enter every scratch or wound or other broken place in our wall of flesh. Alcohol bums up one-third of the "white body guard" in the moderate drinker. Mr. Edison's Attitude. "I am a total abstainer from alco holic liquors." said Thomas A. Edison. "I alwaye- felt I had a better use for mv hp?d." Not long ago a W. C. T. U. woman noticing Mr. Edison's pictured face in connection with an advertisement of whisky, wrote to thc "Wizard of Menlo Park" In regard to the matter. She received a prompt response from one of his representatives, saying. "The ?se of Mr. Edison's name and picture in connection with the advertisement to which you refer ls entirely unau ?iorized, and further ts highly objec tionable to Mr. Edison." Beer-Made Flesh ls Diseased. Do not forget that the fat caused by beer drinking is a sign of disease be cause, as ls well known, beer prevents the oxidation of those substances which form superflour fat In the body. Physicians nearly all agree that sick ness ls far more dangerous to beer drlnken: than to non-drinkers, and that serious accidents are usually fa tal to them. Aims of W. C. T. U. The Woman's Christian Temperance Union ls not only anti-saloon but ant! brewery, anti-distillery, anti any form of alcoholic liquor making or liquor selling for -beverage purposes. The "trade" hates and fears a law that closes the saloons. It hates and fears still more the law that closes the sa loon, tho brewery and Uie distillery. -Lillian M. N. Stevens. To Be and to Do. There are no timeB in life when opportunity, the chance to be and to do. gathers so richlv about the soul a3 when It has to suffer. Then every thing depends on whether the man tums to the lower or the*h5t;b.c!r helps If he resorts to mere experience and tricks, the opportunity ls lost; fce comes out no richer or greater; nay. he comes out harder pyorer. smaller, for his pain. But If he turns to God. the hour of suffering I** the turning point of bis life.-Phillips Brooks, LEAR?JlNG TEXTURE OF SOILS One May L<-arr? How Much Water Different Kinds of Sol? WiU Hold by Simple Test. If anyone wishes to prove to him self how mu.;h more water some Boils will hold than others, let him take three tomato cans of the same size. With a nail punda a half dozen holes In the bottom of each. Then fill all three cans, one with sand, one with still day and the other with a rich loam soil well filled with heraus If such soil as the last cannot be had, then fill the can with the dark, rich top soil from the woods lot, after scraping away the leaves and other ooaree materials. Pack the soil in all of them down solid, and put In all they will hold. Pot these cans of soil in Borne place where they will dry out thoroughly. A good place, is in the kitchen behind the stove. When they are ali well dried, pour a half pint of water slowly over the top of each can of BO?L Repeat this, putting tho same amount of water on each soil, until the water begins to trickle, from the boles in the bottom of the cans. The water will begin to run from the can containing sand first, and ii this can be placed so that the water can be caught and measured it can be told how much lees water this sand will hold than the clay soil, and by the sair.^ method it may be seen how much more water the soil full of hu mus will hold than even a heavy clay soil devoid of humus. FATTEN SHEEP FOR MARKET Cull Animais Can Be Prepared Ear lier in Season by Taming Them Into Rape as Pasture. All old and such young ewes as the owner does not desire to keep should be culled out to fatten a short time before the ram is turned in with the breeding ewes. The cull sheep can be fattened earlier in the season by turn ing them into a rape field as pasture, but If you put off too late special food ?B required. In pure-bred flocks the ewes are often kept until they die of old age, as their lambs are worth more than they are, but in a graded flock it does not pay to keep ewes that do not bave Bound mouths. An old ewe is likely to prove unsatisfactory. In selecting rama the aim should b? to select those that are Btrong in thc points in which the ewes are weak. For instance, ewes that have an open coat and are narrow breasted should j be bred to rams that are strong on those points. By this method a very uniform flock can be established in a very few years. It is a good idea to turn the ram with the ewes in the evening after he has been fed and take him out in the morning before being fed. A ram should be well fed. Bran, oats, roots of vegetables, make a good ration with clover as rough age. QU?TE USEFUL WAGON BRAKE Attached to Any Stationary Part of Vehicle, lt Will Effectively Hold on Steep Grade. While traveling through the moun tains with a horse and carriage, i found the brake shown in the illus tration exceedingly useful, writes W. C. Thompson of Millington, N. J., in the Popular Mechanics. It is con structed as follows: The base is made of an Iron wagon tire, 28 inches long and three and one-half inches wide, with a slight carve on the front so that it will not catch in stones or A Wagon Brake. other obstacles which are firmly set in the roadbed. The sides are mada cf one-inch square hickory sticks bolt ed to tile base with three bolts for (ach guide, the rear ends being curved to allow the wheel to enter easily, and a hole is punched in tho front for a rope or chain, the other end of which is attached to any stationary part of the wagen. If tho wheel is allowed to rest in the center of the brake it will effectively hold the wagon on a steep grade. Rape Seeding. J .In seeding rape broadcast from three to five pounds of seed are re quired to the acre. If sown in drills I from one to two pounds of seed are j sufficient The quality and condition of the soil will give the exact I amount, lighter seed being used on I rich and clean ground. The condition of the seed bed should be fine, firm and moist. , A light top dressing of manure may be applied and the crop responds very , readily to such treatment As a soil ing crop, it is desired to secure ali the I growth possible, so the more perfect I we can make the conditions the . greater will bo the r?fcults. Keep Poultry Heathy. Pure air, pure water and pure food, as well as thorough cleanliness, are all essential to the chick SU'B health. The fowl's power to resist disease is due to these. High Egg Fertility. In order to secure a high per cent of fertility in the eggs that are to be hatched, it is necessary that the stock be properly bred, reared, housed, fed and mated. Copyright 1909, br C.. E. Zjmmwmaa Co.--No. IO No matter what your walk in life, or what your station may be, you have an opportu nity to be the possessor of a bank account, and it only re mains for you to realize the importance of this one thing, to render you independent OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, Pres.; W. W. Adam?, Viee pres.; E, J. ?liras, Cashier; J. II. Allen, assistant Cashier DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, W. W. Adams, J. Wm. Thurmond, Thos. H. Rainsford, J. M. Cobb, B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, W. E. Prescott. -FOR 1913?? We desire to notify pur farmer friends that we are ready to supply them with fertilizers in all of the popular brands and iormulas. We sell the cel ebrated brands ^ Bradley, Baldwin and Etiwan These goods h ive been used by farmers of this county for man}- years and have given satirstaction. We also have contracted for a large supply of ingredients for mixing fertilizers at home. Bear in mind thar we can fill vour orders for any kind of plant food, the dependable kind. Come in to see us. W. W. Adams & Co. aves Expensive Trips rWAS NECESSARY for the Attorney to have a personal talk with a client in a distant city. The journey would seriously interfere with several important engagements made for that day. He used the Long Distance Bell Telephone, had a satisfactory talk with his distant client and was able to keep all his engagements at home. The Long Distance Bell Telephone increases che efficiency of business men ,/ho adapt it to their needs. It can serve you with equal satisfaction and economy. Ey the way, have yon a Bell Telephone? SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY gagg FAULTY FEET OF THE HORSE I important That Draft Animal Should Be Able to Walk Fast Without Tiring-Few Essentials* A draft horse does most of bis hard work at the walking galt. It is, there lore, important that he should be able to walk fast without tiring. He should be able to walk four miles an hour with a load. If his feet are deformed In any way, whether it be by disease or hereditary, he cannot do his best work. The soles of the feet should turn up and show the shoes plainly as the horse moves away from the observer. The feet should be lifted quickly and evenly and be set down squarely and firmly. The hoofs should be ample in size. Bound, smooth and symmetrical in shape. The hoof is a continuation of the skin of tho parts above. The color of the skin decides the color of the hoof. Color counts for little, how ever, if tho hoofs are of poor shape and texture. The horn should ba smooth, waxy-looking and free trom cracks or ridges, and the coronets should be open, prominent and wide at the heels. The sole should be slight, ly copped, not flat or bulging; the frog large, elastic, healthy and with out a deep cleft; the bars prominent. Poor fore feet are one of the com monest and most serious faults in draft horses. SECURING STAND OF ALFALFA Seven-Acre Reid on Ohio University | Farm Presents Argument in Favor of Spring Seeding. A seven-acre field of alfalfa on the Ohio State university farm, at Colum bus, presents a good argument in favor of spring seeding, with oats as a nurse crop. This field was seeded j April ll, at a rate of fifteen pounds i of alfalfa and a bushel of oats per acre, both iown in the grain drill at the same operation. On July 1& the oats were cut lor hay, making a yield j of a- little over a ton and a half per j acre. j By September 10 the alfalfa wis; ready for the first cutting, and tba ' yield of field-cured hay on the seven ? acres was 18,380 pounds, or a little ' over nine tons. It is rather unusual to secure a crop of hay the first season after seeding, but good seed prepara tion and favorable weather conditions last summer are partly accountable! for this excellent stand. The field, which is level and well drained,?was in potatoes in 1910. That j fall it was Bown to rye, which waB ? plowed under the following spring and the land planted to corn. Jn the fall this corn ground was plowed with a deep tilling machine and left for the winter. In April it was thoroughly disked and harrowed before the alfalfa and oats were sown. GOOD PORTABLE EGG TESTEP Electric Flash Lamp Contained in Re flector Causes Strong Illumination of Its interior. A 6raall electric flash lamp contained in a reflector is the basis of a patent recently Issued to William D. Bixler of Fort Worth, Tex., upon a portable egg tester made as shown in the illus tration, says Popular Electricity. An Portable Egg Tester. egg is lightly crowded into the open ing of the reflector and thia action closes a spring contact that completes the circuit of the lamp and two dry cells which furnish the current Th6 reflector causes a strong illumination of the egg's interior which decides its future. Silage for Horses. The Pennsylvania station' experi mented with feeding horses silage, and here is what Prof. Cochel says of ?ceding it. to draft horses: Silage, which is made from mature corn, is free from mold, has not been exposed to air too long before feed ing, and is properly supplemented with other feeds which will make up the deficiency in protein, can be ??d to horses with safety when care is used to have them become gradually accustomed to it Horses fed silage as a portion of their ration consumed less grain, made their gains at lesser cost per pound, were sleeker and better fin ished than when fed on rationB not containing silage. Keep Chicks Quiet Keeping the egg chamber darkened during the hatching will tend to keep the chicks quiet, as they would be un der the broody hen. If the front of tho incubator is of glass it may let out too much heat and also encour age tlie chickB to pick up tho lighte r portions of their droppings. Keep Out the Wind. The doors to the farrowing-houFS should be placed in the center with a ving at the edge in order to prevent the wind from blowing on the sow and the young pigs. LD friends are tho blessing of one'f= later years. .Half a word conveys one's meaning. They have memory of thc sam>i events; fina have the same mode of thinking. -Horace Walpole. HOU8EHOLD CONVENIENCES. Many people have large, useful trays, but they are never used except on state occasions, while every day weary steps are taken which might be divided by ten if one used some uten sil for removing dishes and food from the table to the pantry. A wire dish tray ls convenient and light If one does not care to use a tray, the dishes may be piled into it and quick ly removed. I:! one was handy with tools, the handy man could make, with little ex pense, a wheeled tray which could hold the entire meal, and remove it in an other trip. The small wheels from a go-cart are used on home-made trays. Tho use of paper or wooden plates in the kitchen for much of the left over food are light and easy to handle, and not expensive to replace when soiled. Paper of all kinds in the kitchen saves the table, saves dish washing, and is an all-'round step saver. A roll of paper toweling to use for greasy dishes, wiping knives of groase and acid, wiping out greasy plates, is in valuable. Manila paper may be used for many purposes as work savers. Use it for a molding board or for crumbing croquettes, then the soiled paper cnn be burned, where a board would have to be washed. A bottle of kerosene near the sink to wipe it out, will ?ave much scour ing. When cooking a salad dressing or a whit? sauce, a custard or many veg etable-, prepare more than is needed for the time being. It takes but little more fuel and time to practice this economy. If one has a table covered with zinc in the kitchen it will save much clean ing, and is indeed a joy forever. Keep small squares of cheese cloth to wipe tlie meat before cooking. These may then be dried and burned. These small bits are nice for use in straining soups, fats or vinegar. ARGE was his bounty and his soul sincere; Heaven did a recompense so largely send He gave to misery (all he had) a toar, He gained from heaven ('twas all he wished) a friend. -Charles Lamb. INVALID COOKERY. In cooking eggs for those who are ill, it is of utmost importance that they should not be toughened. They may be cooked from the very soft to the hard stage by using the simple method of boiling water. Al low a pint to an egg. cover the dish and keep in a warm place. If wanted hard, leave the egg thirty minutes; if wanted soft, take out in eight to ten minutes; if liked medium, take out at the end of fifteen minutes. Egg baked in cream is a very ap petizing manner of cooking an egg. Place a tablespoonful of cream in a small ramekin, drop in the egg, sea son with butter and salt and set in the oven long enough to coddle the egg. Peat the white of an erg until stiff, scascn with salt and drop the white on a pieeo 01 buttered toast, making a nest, then place the yolk in the cen ter and season. Put into the oven for a few minutes to just set the egg. Shi-red Egg.-Mix together an eighth of a cup of bread crumbs and a half tablespoonful of butter; stir un? til well mixed. Cover the bottom of an egg shirrer or ramekin with the buttered crumbs, break in an egg. cprinkle with salt, cover with more crumbs, and set in the oven to cook until the white is set Coddled Egg.-Scald a third of a cup of milk, add ono egg beaten slightly, cook over hot water, stirring constantly, until a soft, creamy con sistency, then season with salt and a dash of cayenne. Serve with toast points or fingers. Sometimes dainty bread and butter sandwiches will be eaten with relish when bread with butter would be re fused. His Ore Request. "Do you want your wife to vote?" "7 do." replied the man. who has a high idea of civic responsibility. "All I ask of her is that ?he won't say 'What a bother!* when election hap pens to come on the same day with one of her bridge parties." Woman's View. Nell-They say every man has his price. Belle-Well, mighty few of them are worth lt.-Philadelphia Record.