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The Edgefield Advertiser,
REPLANTING THE CORN CROP
Objection IE That Young Plant ls So
Far Behind in Size to Interfere
(By WALTER B. LEUTZ.)
I can recall as many as ten seasons
in which I have replanted cori., and
in only two instances have 1 found that
it paid me to replant. I really be
lieve I would have made more corn
without the replanting in several in
My success during the two years
mentioned was due to using an early
variety from the north in replanting.
Usually all the corn thr.t is coming
up will be up in two weeks, and if one
uses an extra early variety for re
planting, the crop and replant will
silk and tassel, at the same time in
suring proper fertilization of both.
If one waits three weeks or longer
as ls often the case, and then uses the
same variety of seed for replanting
as was used for the first planting he
will likely have fodder, but no corn
for his pains.
Some of the greatest objections to
replanting are that the young corn is
so far behind in size at the second
and third cultivation that it not only
does not have the proper culture, but
Interferes with the work of cultivat
ing the larger stalks.
Probably most farmers put too
much seed on the ground to begin
with, and if one has as much as
three-fourths of a stand, it will in
many instances make au much as a
fuli stand ; if the season ehould be dry
or the land thin, the salks next these
missing hills will always be larger
AB a rule I don't believe replanting,
as generally followed, pays, and the
farmer should be sure that his seed
is good and the land in as good con
dition as possible before planting:
then there will be less complaint of
I have replanted corn after the sec
ond plowing, but used field peas to
supply the missing hills. Planted this
way the vines will make a large
growth, several bushels of seed may
be harvested and the land and corn
POPULAR BREEDS OF POULTRY
Wyandottes and Plymouth Rocks Head
the List. With Rhode Island Reds
Of the entire list of breeds, none
meet the demands of Americans so
much as do our American varieties,
and in this class the most popular ure
the Wyandottes and the Plymouth
Rocks, with Rhode Island Reds closely
following. Also our American strain of
Light Erahraas and the Leghorns. The
Br. _jjas belong to the Asiatic class as
a breed, but the Light Brahma as bred
Buff Plymouth Rock Hen.
by our people i6 eo different from that
bred in Englana. that one would hard
ly suppose them to be of the same
family. It is also so of the White Leg
horns. The Leghorns belong to the
Mediterranean class, but there is such
a change in the present day Leghorn
o the bird introduced years ago, that
we feel we own the breed.
Where Flies Propagate.
The manure heap is where flies
propagate. The female fly lays about
130 eggs, and these eggs hatch in
about one-third of a clay. The larval
stage is three days, the pupa stage five
days, and the fly rounds to the full
adult fly in about ten days. There
may be twelve broods in a summer.
The first thing to do is to Bee that the
manure is well screened, and for this
purpose the best material is a light
cheesecloth. A shovelful of cblo
inated lime should be thickly dusted,
quite often, over the manure every
It is not advisable to plant a solid
block of 100 trees of one variety un
lesB there are other trees in the im
mediate vicinity. Some varieties are
self-fertile, and will give satisfactory
results if planted alone; but it is al
ways safer to provide for cross fertili
zation. In large orchards every
third or fourth row should be of a
different variety. Two or three vari
eties are enough for a commercial
orchard, however, and it Is seldom ad
visable to plant more.
Fresh Air and Sunshine.
Fresh air and sunshine are impor
tant as well as food. Hens kept in a
close, stuffy house without sufficient
air and sunshine never lay the maxi
mum number of eggs.
European Beet Culture.
Europe has almost 5,000,000 acres
devoted to beet culture. The quantity
and quality have greatly increased
and improved in ten years.
SHEEP REQUIRE MUCH SALT
Beet Method ls to Keep Substance
Before Animals at All Times
Only Mineral Neec-td.
Sheep on pasture are often neglect
ed as far as salting is concerned. They
are either salted irregularly or not at
all. When salt is not supplied to
them in sufficient quantities they
crave lt intensely, and, as has been
demonstrated by experiments, will not
make the gains nor grow the wool
they will if properly salted, says the
National Stockman. Salt is often con
sidered a seasoning for the food of
animals and not an essential. It is
the only mineral which ordinarily
needs to be supplied to livestock. No
sheep can do its best without enough
Salting every few days is sufficient
for the needs of the sheep, but it is
not as good a method as keeping salt
before the sheep all the time, as
when a rush of work comes or a vis
iting time comes salting the sheep is
one of the things neglected. When
salt is given after a period of neglect
Ihe Eheep are so eager for lt that they
take too much and large quantities of
water are needed to wash it out of
.the system, some of this being drawn
from the tissues of the body to the
detriment of the sheep.
VALUE OF FARMYARD MANURE
There Are Various Losses in Quan
tity Which Constituents Suffer
Before Reaching Fields. '
(Ry R. G. WEATHERSTON IS.)
Remember that the constituents of
animal excrement are in the condi
tion of greatest value as manure at
the time when they leave the animals:
after mixing with litter and piled in
the barnyard their value is greatly
During the fermentation of the
manure with the straw and refuse cf
tb-; atablo and barnyard, the constitu
ents enter into new combination (he
ammonia produced, which contains the
nitrogen combines vith the humic
acids formed from the decomposing
litter, forming insoluble compound!1.
Thus they are iiot so Quickly available
to the plants as the criginal excre
There are also various losses in
quantity which the constituents may
surfer before they reach the land. In
the yard much urine may run to
waste. Ammonia will disappear as
gas in the ?stable during the decompo
sition of the urine, and further loss
of nitrogen may occur in the barn
USEFUL ARTICLES FOR BARM
Scoop Illustrated Made of Old Gallon
Can-Convenient Size for Bran
or Mill-feed Bin.
Half-galion, gallon and two-gallon
cans, such as those in which varnish,
oils, paints and maple syrup are put
up-any of these may be made into
useful articles lor house or barn.
The scoop illustrated is made of an
nil can that bolds one gallon. This is
a convenient size lor the bran or mill
feed bin, but for the oats bin I want
Grain Scoop Easily Made.
one made of a two-gallon can cut in
the same shape. The dotted lines next
to the handle show the position of an
inch board that should fit the bottom
of the can real tight, so that the can
may be tacked to this piece of wood
and the handle is fastened to the
scoop by a large wood screw running
through the bottom of the can into
the end of the handle. Do not use
these scoops in the salt barrel, as tho
salt will soon rust them HO they will
be unfit for use. For the salt barn !
a scoop may be made of wood by nail
ing four pieces of boards together and
cutting to a shape similar to the
scoop shown in the drawing.
This plaut which can be grown in
almost any garden makes a delicious
change in the vegetable dishes for the
table. The plant is perennial but de
clines rapidly and should be reset
every three years.
It is propagated from seed and the
suckers are set out producing edible
heads the second year. The heads are
from three to four inches in diameter
und are ready to cut for the table just
before they open.
For picking the heads are often
taken when about half grown. The
leaves are sometimes blanched and
eaten and these form the salad plants
which are seen on the market.
Weaning a Kid.
When one has sale for their goat's
milk the kids should be taken from
the mother immediately and led from
a bottle because cow's milk is cheaper
than goat's milk. Dilute the cow's
milk, sweeten slightly and the little
fellow will soon learn to like it. Give
a kid the bottle six or seven times a
day and in four months wean him.
Have Object In Mating.
When mares are bred much will bo
gained If they are mated with soriio
general object in view-that the colt
shall be a draft horse, saddle boise,
farm horse or something definite.
Candidate For Cotton Weigher.
I hereby announce that I am a
candi Jaie for re-election to the po
sition of public cotton weigher for
the town of Edgefield, and promise
the people that if given the place
again, I will endeavor to du n?y
duty as conscientiously in the fu
ture as in the past.
J. G. Byrd.
Landreth's 6eed hive been known
for years by the title, Seed which
Succeed. They eueoeed because
they are vital. They succeed be
cause they have quality. Let us
have your orders for anvthins: you
need in garden seed. Mail or. der?
will have our prompt attention
W. E. Lynch & Co.
Dr. King's New Life Pills will
relieve constipation promptly and
.ret your bowels in healthy condi
tion again. John Supsic, of Sanbury,
Pa., says: "They are the best pills
I ever used, and I advine everyone
to use them for constipation, indi
gestion and liver complaint." Will
help you. Price 26c. Recommended
by Penn & Holsten., W E Lynda
Seed irish Potatoes.
We are now prepared to fill your
order for seed Irish potatoes such as
Bliss Triumph, Irish Cobbler,
etc., of all kinds. We sell only the
Eastern grown potatoes that are
thoroughly reliable in every respect.
Penn & Holstein.
Notice, Bridge Contractors
The county board of commission
ers of Edsretield county, S. C., will
receive bids at their office at Edge
ficld, S. C. on June 7, 1913 at ll
o'clock a. m. for furnishing to
Edgetield county one steel span 125
feet long with roadway 12 feet in
clear, the bidder to furnish bridge
complete f. o. b. car at Parksville,
S. C.. except floor, which is to be
supplied by county. The bridge is
to rest on concrete piers built by
county. Bidders are tc submit draw
ing and specifications of bridge
offered, and the successful bidder
must bond to comply with contract.
Commissioners reserve right to re
ject any and all bids.
A. A. Edmunds,
N. L. Broadwater.
County Board of Commissioners of
Edgefield county, S. C.
Notice of Final Discharge.
To All Whom These Presents May
Whereas, Mrs. Julia R. Adams
has made application unto this
Court for Final Discharge as Ex
.cuirix in re the Estate of J. W.
Adams deceased, on this the 15th
day of April, 1913.
These Are Therefore, to cite any
incl all kindred, creditors, or par
ties interested, to show cause be
fore me at my office at Edgefield
Court House, South Carolina, on
he 19th day of May, 1913 at II
. 'clock a. m., why said order of
Discharge should uot be granted.
W T. Kinnaird,
J. P. C., fi. C., S. C.
April I?th. 1913.
SCHOLARSHIP and ENTRANCE
The examination for the award
of vacant scholarships in Winthrop
College and fur the admission of
new students will be held at the
County Court House on Friday,
July 4, at 9 a. m. Applicants
must be not less than sixteen years
of age. When Scbo'arships are
vacant after July 4 they will be
awarded to those making the high
est avenge at this examination, pro
vided they meet the conditions gov
erning the award. Applicants
for Scholarships should write to
President .Johnson before the ex
amination for ?Scholarship examina
Scholarships are won h ?jil 00 and
free tuition. Tht- next session
will open September 17, 1913. For
further information arni catalogue,
address Pre*. 1). B. Johnson, Rock
Hill, S. C.
Notice of Dissolution.
The firm of S. T. Hughes <fc Son
is this day dissolved by S. T.
Hughes Sr., purchasing entire inter
est of S. T. Hughes Jr., in stock of
merchandise, accounts, and notes
of said firm. S. T. Hughes Sr., as
suming all obligations uf the firm.
S. T. Hughes, Sr,
S. T. Hughes, Jr.
Trenton, S. C.