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Swme Experiences With Hairy
Vetch. "Some experiences with hairy ?etch" was the subject of a paper read by P. N. Lott, d?monstration agent for Edgefield county, at the recent meeting of the agents at Clemson college. His paper follows: There are many things in life that astonish the thinking man. The greatest of all "in the industrial world, is that agriculture, the moth er of all the sciences, should be treated in 6uch a slipshod way, be ginning as it did, and continuing through the ages. The great Cre ator commanded Adam to till the soil. Cain was a farmer, and w<s suspect a sorry one; for, what he brought to the Lord must have been very inferior stuff, else the Lord, in love and justice to man would not nave rebuked him. This one state ment in holy writ leads to conclude that butchery and starvation of the soil are a sin, for again we read in Lev., 25th chapter, that God, from Sinai, commanded Moses to estab lish a law that land should have a rest every seven years and that nothing must be taken from it dur ing that year. One of the first of the many things to be considered is soil build ing. Our record eau not be main tained, and advancement attained unless we have a foundation. All, therefore, depends upon the proper ?are of the soil. Time has struck for abandonment of soil robbery. I believe God knew what he was do ing when he made the many hun dred leguminous plants, and that they were for a special purpose, namely, to increase the fertility of tlie earth. The thinking man alwayB does things that are the most practicable and remunerative, hence our plant ing the legumes are of the greatest ?tility. Peas and beans' for sum mer, and vetches and dovers for winter. We all know the value of eow peas and the bean family. But as my subject is winter cover crops and hairy vetch, I shall proceed to .give my experience along that line. I consider hairy vetch the greatest annual leguminous plant that we ?an BOW, either by itself or with grain. I have tested vetch stubble with stable manure both on cotton and corn. The cotton yield in seed cotton was about 300 pounds per acre more, aud corn about 6even bushels more. TY>H was a one year tes^r My opinion, vfefax - ix ?wx tio-;-in.; ?-. f^?satjCL.' y^oiajWJSafe ju stating !pounds of^ vetch, feed sown to fhe acre on welfl?ocu?ated soil -^-?S^iT?TTi 'more than ten two-horse loads of well trodden suhle manure. I am not prepared to state the re ?ults of turning while green, 25 pounds of vetch ?eed and a bushel -*>f rye or wheat per acre, but I am confident thac it ?6 greater than ?tubble, because of the fact that we get a great quantity of green hu jung which is a very important fac tor in soil fertility. I prefer vetch and wheat cut for forage. Two to ?bree and one-half tons of dry hay to the acre can be made and gotten ?ut of the land in time for either ?orn or cotton. If sown the middle .f September it can be cut April 20 ?*9T May 1. For years my best crops of cotton and corn have been made on vetch stubble-plots that pro duce $00 worth of hay per acre and from 1,800 to 2,400 pounds seed ?otton and 50 to 60 bushels of corn. It is often inconvenient to sow vetch in all your growing cotton and wherever it cannot be done I would suggest sowing a bushel of rye for green humus. This growing win ter crop does not only hold the soil, but catches the escaping nitrogen *eu8 gases, and when plowed under returns about $10 per acre lo the fertility of the soil. Wherever the winter cover crops are left off the land deteriorates not less than $3 and possibly $5 per acre. As to how 1 arrived at the above conclu- j ?ion, the winter covered plot with the same amount of fertilizers pro duced between $10 and $12 more. Where it was not put on I had to ?se $3 to $5 more guano to get the ?ame crop that I did the year before. How, in conclusion, I would state that if the farmer lived closer to ?atare, knew more of nature, adopt ed nature's plan for building and maintaining soil fertility and de-j pended less on commercial fertiliz iTrs, we would not only have more J money but be happier. If every farmer in South Carolina would <dre?8 his farm in a robe of green for winter comfort and food for | simmer crops, we would not only bave the most progressive, but the most beautiful State in the Union. -The State. Full line of household paints ia .all colors in cans from halp-pints io gallons. j Timmons & Morgan. Excursion Fare? Southern Rail way. Pr. m er C irrier of the South from Edgefield, S. C: Asheville, N. C. and return $6. CO, account Southern Appalachian good roads association, Oct? 22-23, 1913. TicketB on sale Oct. 19, 20, 21 and 22 final limit returning Nov. 3, 1913. Augusta, Ga. and return $1.20, Georgia-Carol i na Fair, Nov. 5-15 1813- Tickets on sale Nov. 5 to 14 inclusive with final limit returning Nov. 17, 1?18. Augusta, Ga. and return $1.20, Ne gro Fair Association, Nov. 18-21, 1913. Tickets on sale Nov. 17 to 20 inclusive with final limit returning Nov. 23,1913. Batesburg, S. C., and return $1.15, account Tri-County Fair Oct. 15 17, 1913. Tickets on sale Oct. 14 to 17 inclusive with final limit returning Oct. 19, 1913. Chicago, 111., and return $30.50, account National Dairy Show Oct. 23-Nov. 1,1913. Tickets on sale Oct. 26-27 and 28 with final limit returning Nov. 3, 1913. Kuoxville, Tenn, and return $10.50 account National Conservation Exposition Sept.-Nov. I, 1913. Tickets on sale Aug. 30 to Nov. 1, 1913 with final limit returning ten days from date of sale not exceeding Nov. 3, 1913. Exten sions. Knoxville, Tenn, and return $7.20 Account National Conservation Exposition. Tickets sold Tues days and Thursdays of each week commencing Sept. 2 and ending Oct. 30, final limit five days irom date of sale not exceeding Nov. 3, 1913. Coach Excursion only. Mobile, Ala. and return $16.15, account Southern Commercial Congress Oct. 27-29, 1913. Tick els on sale Oct. 24-25 and 26 good returning Nov. 5, 1913. Extensions. New Orleans, La. and return $20.35 United Daughters of the Confed eracy Nov. 11-15, 1913. Ticket* on sale Nov. 8, 9, 10 and ll final limit Nov. .19, 1913. Exten sions. New York, N. Y. and return $33.15 World's Woman's Christian Tem perance Union, Oct. 23-28, 1913 Tickets on sale Oct. 20, 21 and 22 with final limit re turning Nov 10, 1913. Nashville, Tenn, and return $20.6? Southern Educational Associa tion, Oct. 30-Nov. 1, 1913. Tick ets on sale Oct. 28 and 29 witl .final lit^t;. returning Nov. 5 ?Hp^>3n8i Dry-r arming Con Pppess and International ?Soil Pro j ducts-Expjo8|^n^0^j2Jl^0^1 101?. TieieTsTon sale Oct. 18 tc 21 inclusive with final limit re turning Nov. 6, 1813. Through Pullman sleeping car seivicj or through trains, dining car Bervice etc. Convenient local train service. For detailed infor mation, call on nearest ticket agenl or, W. E. McGhee, AGPA., Columbia, S. C. Magruder Dent, DPA., Augusta, Ga. H. F. Cary, GPA., S. H. Hardwick, PTM., Washington, D. C. Game Wardens' Day at the State Fair. County Wardens will meet at State Fair Auditorium Thursday October 30, according to an an nouncement made from the Chief Game Wardens office. Mr. A. A. Richardson is making plans for a meeting of the Game Wardens of the State on Thursday of Fair week in Columbia, in the audito rium at the fair grounds. Hon. Ben F. Taylor, Secretary of the Audubon Society, wiil speak on that occasion anc Attoruey Gen erul Peeples will speak on the legal side of the game laws of the State. There are several other speakers of State wide prominence invited and will probably make an address at the meeting which is to start at 10 o'clock on the morning of the 30th. This will bethe first annual meeting of this kind and Chief Game War den Richardson hopes this meeting will havethe effect of better interpre tation and enforcement of the game laws, and that his 65 Game War dens will after conferring with one another be better fitted for attend ing to their duties on a higher and better basis. Yours very truly, A. A. Richardson, Chief Game Warden. A Marvelous Escape. My little bey had a marvelous escape, writes P F Bastiaras of Prince Albert, Cape of Good Hope, "lt occurred in the middle of the night, lld got a very severe attack of croup. AH luck would have it, I had a large hoi tie of Chamberlain's cough remedy in the house. After following the directions for an hour and twenty minutes he was through all danger." Sold by all dealers. Light Saw, Lathe and Shin gle Mills, Engines, Boilers, S upplies and repairs, Porta qle , Steam and Gasoline En gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts and Pipes. WOOD SAWS; and SPLITTERS Gins and Press Repairs. Try LOMBARD, AUGUST*.. GA. jj ?i Lumber For Sale. My saw mill is located five miles north of Edgefield in a_ fine body of native forest pine Bills for sawing so licited. Will deliver lumber in Edgefield. Price reason* able. R. T. Hill. HOTEL ANSLEY ATLANTA* CA. Open June 30, 1913 The South's finest and most modern hotel. Fireproof. 306 rooms. Rooms with running water j ate ?o?etjl. mm Hooma wifhprh per day and up. -Finest. Rathskellar, Caf? and 4?riscafc^-Ttifi?a?-Rooms 1h "the South. J. B. POUND, Pres. J. F. LETTON, Mgr. . *THAS. G. DAY, Ass't Mg?. I The Old Standard Grove's T Valuable as a General Tonic Drives Out Malaria, Enricl the Whole System. For G Yon know what you are taking when as the f?rmala is printed on every label tonic properties of QUININE and IRO? tonic and is in Ta3teless Form. It has Weakness, general debility and loss of Mothers and Pale, Sickly Children. Relieves nervous depression and low sp purifies the blood. A True Tonic and Su No family should be without it. Guarani J. C. LEB, President FARMERS, MERCH If you are going to b we invite your inquiries. COMPLETE HOUSE I We manufacture and c1 stairs, interior trim, sto pews, pulpits, etc., roug lath, pine and cypress sh and siding. Distributing agents foi Estimates cheerfully a Woodard I AUGUSTA, Corner Roberts ai Our Mot ?Jj "Curcdw Mrs. Jay McGee, of Steph enville, Texas, writes: "For nine (9) years, I suffered with womanly trouble. 1 had ter rible headaches, and pains ra my back, etc. lt seemed as il 1 would die, I suffered so. At last, 1 decided to try Cardui, the woman's tonic, and ii helped me right away. The full treatment not only helped me, but it cured me." TAKE Cardui The Woman's Tonic Cardin* helps women in time of greatest need, because it contains ingredients which act specifically, yet gently, on the weakened womanly organs. So, if you fee! discouraged, blue, out-of-scrts, unable to do your household work, on account of your condition, stop worrying and give Cardui a trial. It has helped thousands of women,-why not you? Try Cardui. ?-71 ; GOWANS : [Kingof Externals1 i i i Sells itself wherever \ ?introduced Imitators1 have tried to imitate, | and substitution has been* attempted. But once GOWANS always Gowans for inflammation and congestion. It gives us pleasure to recom mend Gowans Preparation for Inflammation, especially of the throat and chest, We have sold Gowans Preparation for many years and never had a complaint. BURLINGTON DRUG CO., - Burlington, Ji.?,, GOWAN MEDICAL CO.. " V ? For Weakness and Loss of Appetite The Old Standard general strengthening tonic, GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC, drives out Malaria and builds up thc system. A true tonic ipH ?iire Appetizer. For adults and children. 60c. asteless chill Tonic is Equally because it Acts on the Liver, ?es the Blood and Builds up rown People and Children. you take Grove's Tasteless chill Tonic showing that it contains the well known J. It is as strong as the strongest bitter no equal for Malaria, Chills and Fever, appetite. Gives life and vigor to Nursing Removes Biliousness without purging, ?irits. Arouses the liver to action and re Appetizer. A Complete Strengthener. :eed by your Druggist. We mean it. 50c. F. E. Gibson, Sec. and.Treas. ANTS, BUILDERS, tiild, remodel or repair, JILLS A SPECIALTY. leal in doors, sash, blinds re fronts and fixtures, fh and dressed lumber, ingles, flooring, ceiling * Flintkote roofing md carefully mane. .umber Co. GEORGIA. nd Du^as Streets, x Quality 'tU. Service Ready for Fall Shoppers We desire to announce to our Edgerield friends that we are ready for them to call and inspect our fall ??tock. While in the Northern markets during: the summer our buyers bought very largely for every de partment. Our Try goods department is filled with all of the new fabrics and w qa ves. All of the popular shades in dress goods of all kinds now on display. We are also headquarters for staple merchandise. Our shoe department is brim full of the best that the leading manufacturers make. All of the popular leathers in the new shapes. We can shoe the whole family for a reasonable sum. See our clothing before you buy. We can fit any size boy or man in the most stylish garments that are made. Our prices are very low too, Miliinery department:-This has always been one the leading ler.tures of our store. Nothing; in Augus ta can surpass us. We have the nobby ready-to-wear hats and snapes that can be trimmed, Augusta Bee Hive 916 and 918 Broad St., Augusta, Ga. Abe Cohen, Proprietor. Monuments and Tombstones. I represent the Spartanburg Marble and Granite works in this section and shall be pleased to show you designs and quote prices on all kinds of work. Write me a card if you are interested and I will call to see you. John R. Tompkins, Edgefield, S. Carolina Barrett & Company -Cotton Factors Your cotton solicited It will receive our personal attention. Augusta, Ga. 8 No matter what your walk in life, or what your station may be, you have an opportu nity to be the possessor of a bank account, and it only re mani? for you to realize the importance of this one thing, to render you indedendent. OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, Pres.; B. E. Nicholson-? Vice pros.; E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, assistant Cashier DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, J. Wm. Thurmond, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, J. H. Allen r Furniture, Furniture When in need of any kind of furniture call on us. We carry a full assortment of bed room suits, tables, rockers? dining chairs, springs, mattresses, etc. Be sure to see us before making your purchases. Jones & Son.