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HOW SUCCESS MAY
A well-fed, well-nourished herd of J
Icy of this farmer ls not to push his coi
matter of feed, simply to increase tei
result is, he has bred a fine herd of str
deal of milk, and whose calves are moe
(By E. J. MILLER.)
Two young farmers, McDonougb
county, Illinois-"book farmers" both
-one of them a graduate from the
Illinois College of Agriculture and the
other having attended some short
courses at the college for five years
-were left with an 80-acre farm on
which was an orchard of 175 apple
trees, about 200 cherry and plum trees.
The orchard was badly run down,
but has been brought up to pretty
nearly full bearing during the past
five years. The farm was used for
general crops, mostly corn, and ten
acres in pasture.
Three years ago these young men
concluded to go Into dairying on a
concentrated scale, using their knowl
edge gained at the agricultural col
lege and from their observation of the
work along these lines done by some
of their relations in Wisconsin.
They plowed up most of the pasture
and put it into soiling crops with
which to feed their cows during the
?ummer. In June there were 20 calves
to ba accounted for, and this entire
bunch of stock was fed from April 15
to September 15 on the following
One and one-half acres of fall rye;
Tour acres of oats, sowed at intervals
pf two weeks apart; two and one-half
acres of millet; one acre of early sor
ghum; one-half acre of late sorghum,
?nd one and one-half acres of corn.
The ll acres lasted until new silage
was ready. They have one silo which
holds about 40 tons, and win erect
another this year of equal capacity.
The sorghum and corn are run
through a cutter before being fed. The
milk flow was k?pt up during the en
"SALSIFY IS A NEI
One of the Best of Winter
(By EBEN E. REX FORD.)
Salsify, sometimes called vegetable
oyster, is one of the neglected vege
tables. True, it ls grown in a good
many gardens, and we frequently see
it on sale in the windows of vegeta
ble dealers in the cities in the win
But the fact that so few grow lt in
the country for home use, fully wan
rants one in calling ii a neglected
I presume that the neglect is due
to a lack of knowledge of the merits
of the plant I feel sure that famili
arity with it on the part of th?? house
wife would soon make it a standby in
the family menu, and that it would
.take its place with the parsnip and
the beet in the list of the desirable
I have to admit that I prefer It to
?the oyster, whose flavor lt has a hint
of with all the disagreeable features
of the bivalve flavor left out of IL
It can be cooked in many ways. As
a soup, served with croutons of bread
or with crackers, lt is delicious. Fried
.either by itself or in a batter it is
.quite as appetizing as the real oyster
when cooked in that way. Boiled.
Warm hoghouses are cheaper than
?ora, and cold takes off fat
It ls none too soon to begin to think
about putting up a silo for next fall.
. . .
As the Iambs grow and require more
milk, increase the grain with judg
. . .
Remember that lime ls essential ta
jrrowing legumes. And without its use
you will'be sadly disappointed in re
BE MADE IN DAIRYING !
lerseys on a Kentucky farm- The pol
e's beyond the danger-point In the
nporarily his milk production. The
ong cows able to produce a great
leis of vigor.
tire Bummer, although pastures in that
locality were dry as a bone by August
10. This herd of cows and calves
would have tared badly on 50 acres
of pasture, in fact, it ls doubtful if
the animals could have been brought
through the summer on pasture alone,
to say nothing of keeping up the milk
Of course, it took some extra work
to cut up the crops the entire summer,
but the experiment is accounted entire
ly successful, for it showed that theru
was a saving of at least 40 acres of
ground. It is not hard to estimate the
returns for the work of cutting and
feeding the soiling crops on this place
when you take into consideration the
many possibilities of 40 acres of land
For instance, If only six dollars net
per acre could be obtained from this
land, the' owners of the farm earned
$234 by feeding the cows soiling
crops. No grain was fed at all during
the summer, but each cow produced
an average of fivo pounds per week,
and this found a ready market in the
county seat town at from one to three
cents above the highest retail Btore
In addition to the advantage of this
method of soiling which enables the
young men to keep a larger herd of
cows than by the old-fashioned pas
ture system, it also enables them to
retain for the farm the fertility, most
of which had been hitherto lost.
The extra work of cutting and feed
ing the soiling crops made some
pretty busy times during the fruit
harvest, but this lasted only a few
days at a time, and was Quickly
sliced lengthwise when tender, and
fried in butter, like the parsnip, it
soon becomes a favorite. The cook
books of recent compilation give reci
pes for its preparation that will en
able the housewife to add it to the
home bill of fare, and greatly to her
satisfaction, since she is always on
the look out for "something new"
which will enable her to furnish va
riety in the food she prepares for her
Especially is salsify a valuable ad
dition to our somewhat limited list
of winter vegetables, because it ean
be dug In the fall and stored In the
cellar, just as the parsnip, or it can
be left in the ground over winter and
dug in the spring, when lt will be
found deliciously fresh and of AB?
The culture of this plant io of tb?
simplest. It takes a rich garden loam,
made mellow to the depth of a foot
and a half. Sow lt in rows for con
venience in cultivating, and keep
dow,, the weeds. If the seedlings
stand too thick in the rows, thin them
out so that the plants will b?3 at least
two inches apart. Sow early In the
The main factors in making good
butter are clean cream and proper rip
Do not neglect the garden. It 1B
one of tlie greatest money-savers on
. . .
Beet greens are extremely edible at
eight vi-eeks of age. even If the rrots
are only nubbins.
. . .
Clean up the garden, remove sad
burn all v/eeds and trash. They har
bor Insects through the winter.
. . .
Alfalfa and red clover ar? excellent
f.heep pastures. These not only feed
the sheep, but greatly improve the
FOR QUINCE PRESERVE
THI8 FRUIT REQUIRES ESPECIAL
Natural Quality Requires That They
Should Be Bolled and Steamed
Before They Are Put Into
Just as soon as quinces turn yellow
they are ready for preserving. It
might be said at the start that quinces
require boiling or steaming before be
ing put into the sirup, differing from
the usual order of preserving.
This is because they are a very
hr rd fruit, and the hot sugar only
luids to make them harder. To pro
:nf>a: I'..:1, core, and quarter the
i. . . drooping into cold water to
preser. th* esler. Put skins and
cores into ?rep?rate v essel.
When all are i. neared put two lay
ers or so into the kettle an I < >ver
with cold water. Cook over a alow
tire until tender. Take out carefully,
and when all are cooked, strain the
water and allow three-quarters of a
pound of sugar to one pint of juice.
Cook for ten minutes, skimming
until the sirup is clear, then put in as
much fruit as it will cover. Simmer
very gently for half an hour, or if
the quinces turn red before this they
are ready to be removed to the jars.
Let the sirup cook a little longer, then
pour over the fruit and seal the jars.
Quinces Preserved With Apples.
Sweet apples should be used. ' The
two fruits make a delicious preserve,
and will cost lesB than the quinces
alone. The proportions are one-third
of quartered appless to two-thirds of
quince. The appless will take less
time to cook than the quinces, both in
the water and in the sirup. In tilling
the jars, put alternate layers of the
fruit and pour boiling sirup over, seal
ing at once.
Quinces With Cider and Molasses.
This is a favorite southern recipe. The
fruit is to be pared, cored and halved,
then boiled in sweet cider until tender.
Take out and add to the liquid one
quart of molasses and one pound of
sugar to five pounds of quinces.
Beat up the white of an egg and put
into the sirup to clear it, bringing to
a boil and skimming until quite
clear. Take off the fire, and wher.
half cold put in the fruit and boil
for fifteen minutes. More cider may
be added if necessary. A little green
ginger boiled in the sirup is an im
Quince Marmalade-Cores, peel and
imperfect fruit can be mads into a
marmalade or a cheese. After thor
oughly cooking the fruit, strain
through a sieve and allow three-quar
ters of a pound of sugar to one pound
of fruit Boil, stirring constantly un
til smooth and firm, then pack y^o j
jars. A little orange peel chopped fine '
will add to the flavor.
Quince Cheese.-This is made by
cooking the marmalade until lt ls very
thick. If packed into small jars it
can be turfed out and may be cut like
Quince Water Ice.-To make thte un
usual confection, pare and cut into
thin slices three large quinces. Cover
with four cupfuls of water and one
of sugar. Bring all to a boll, keeping
a*, that temperature for fifteen min
utes. Strain and put into the freezer.
Take about a pound and a half of
tripe, wash and boil it in milk and
water for an hour. Cut into two ob
long pieces of equal size. Spread on
the fat side of one piece some good
veal force meat and lay upon it the
other pieca, the flat inside inwards.
Roll and Bkewer the tripe securely, tie
it round with a thin string. Place in
the roasting pan, dredge with flour
and baste liberally. When done
enough, serve on a hot dish and gar
nish with sliced lemon. Send melted
butter to table In a tureen. Time to
roast, half an hour or more. Sufficient
for three or four persons.
Get a can of ?ny preferred fish, as
salmon, crab, lobster or shrimps. Open
and place in a bowl for an hour or so
before using. Make a sauce by cook
ing together equal quantiti ia (about
one tablespoonful) of butter and flour
until they reach the bubb'ing point,
then pour In a cupful of milk and stir
until the seauce ls smooth, whits and
thick. Now add the fish and season
with pepper and salt When the Ash
lc thorouhgly heated through, stir in
& little lemon juice and serra at
Run one pound of lean beef through
the meat chopper, add one naif pint of
dry bread crumbs, a level teaspoonful
of salt, a dash of pepper, a little
minced onion. If liked, and one egg:
mix these ingredients thoroughly and
shape into a roll about six or eight
inches long and three inches in diam
eter; wrap in a piece of oiled paper;
put into the baking pan, add one-half
cup of water and bake 45 minutes,
basting over the paper occasionally.
Pour Into a small bowl one tea
spoonful salt, one-eighth teaspoonful
pepper, one teaspoonful Worcester
shire sauce, If desired; one-third cup
ful oil and two tablespoonfuls of vine
gar. Beat well with an eggbeater and
pour Immediately over the salad.
Two e/rgs, one cup sugar, one-half
cup butter, one-half cup cold water,
two eups flour, one teaspoon cream of
tartar, one-half teaspoon of soda;
flavor to taste.
Free Flower Seed
i Hastings' Catalogue
Tells You About lt
If you are engaged in farming, or
If you plant only vegetables or flow
ers, you cannot afford to be without
the big catalogue published fresh and
new every year by the great South
ern seed house, H. G. Hastings & com
pany of Atlanta, Ga., and sent abso
lutely free, postage paid, to all who
write for it, mentioning the name of
In this catalogue we tell you of a
splendid offer of free flower seed to
all our customers, five magnificent
varieties that mean beauty about your
home and a pleasure to wives and
daughters that nothing else can give.
This catalogue tells you, too, about
our big cash prize offer to the Corn
Club boys of your state. It tells all
about our fine yielding varieties of
corn and cotton-the kind we grow
on our own 3.200 acre farm. It tells
about the best seeds of all kinds for
planting in the South. It should be
in every Southern home. Write to
day and let us send it to you.
H. G. HASTINGS & CO.,
Corn Yielded 214
Bushels on I Acre
If you are going to plant corn this
spring, either to fill your own crib or
to enter the corn club contests, the
corn to plant is Hastings' Prolific.
Official United States govern
ment records show this corn has
yielded more per acre than any other
corn planted in the South. Hastings'
Prolific won the Georgia record with
214 bushels to one acre; the Missis
sippi record with 225 bushels; the Ar
kansas record with 172 2-3; the Flor
ida record, 129 1-4. Hastings' Prolific
has won five-sixthB of the corn club
prizes in Georgia. It has won
high yield per acre records in every
Southern state, three years out of
This corn produces a grain and for
age of the finest quality. It is the
corn that it will pay you best to plant
year in and year out
Prices: Packet, 10 cents; 1-2 pint,
20 cents: pint, 30 cents; quart, 50
cents, postpaid. Peck, not prepaid,
$1; bushel, $3.50. Order today. Write
at once for our big free catalogue.
It is full of valuable agricultural in
formation and Is a good book to have
on the farra. H. G. HASTINGS &
CO., Atlanta, Ga.-Advt
" WRITTEN SO YOU CAN UNDERSTAND IT**
AGREAT Coar?raed Storr of thc Wor; d'o
Procre? which y ou may begin reading
at any time, and which will hold your
interest forerer. You are living in the best
year, of the most wonderful age, of what is
doubtless the greatest world in the universe.
A resident ex Mars would gladly pay -
ttl t\f\f\ FOR ONE YEAR'S
to thismagaxine.ra order to keep informed of
our progress in Engineering and Mechanics.
Are you reading it ? Two millions of your
neighbors are, and it is the favorite maga
zine in thousands of the best American
bornes. It appeals to all classes-old and
young -men and women.
Th? "Shop Notes" Department (20 pages)
pl vos easy ways to do adage? how to niuke
useful arUoles for home and shop, repairs, oto.
" Amateur Mechanics "(10 popCB ) telle how to
make Mission furniture, wireless outfits, boats
englues, magic, and aU the things a bo; loves)
SI.50 PER YEAR. SINGLE COPIES IS CENTS
Aftk your NowmUaler to obow you one or
WRITE FOR FREE SAMPLE COPY TODAY
POPULAR MECHANICS CO.
318 W. Washington SL, CHICAGO
King of Externals
Stands supreme under
every test. Feel se
cure, keep Gowans in
the home. Gowans al
ways conquers^ Croup
and Pneumonia and
your doctor assents.
Gowans Preparation waa used on
my child when it waa desperately
iii with Pneumonia. Immetliately
after the second af>plkation my
physician called and f?nefing so
great an improvement onlered its
continuance. The child recovered
rapidly. G.J.ri ECK L Ii,Dnig(iist,
924 Bast St. Allegheny, Pa.
BUY TO-DAY! HAYE IT IN THE HOME
AU DrnsBi'ta SI. 50c. 2Se.
GOWAN MEDICAL CO.. .
Buiranlttd. ind mont; rthinded sr roar tfnigjlit
R 65 YEARS
A rivons tending a .ketch mid description may
qnicklv ascertain our opinion free wnctlior an
invention u probably patentable. Communie?.
Uot?i nt rielly oontkleiitln.!. HANDBOOK on Poic?te
sent free. (?Ino? Been ey for securing patenta.
Patents taken through Munn A Co. reeelro
special notice, wit hout ooaree. In tue
A handsomely ll In? tratad weakly. I.srsreet oJp
enlallon of any adenine Journal. Toras. 93 a
year : f oar months, IL Bold ky all newsdealers.
mers all over the
South are satisfied
with results obtained
from our fertilizers.
Ask our agent.
We selected and registered
this trade-mar!: and it ap
pears on the bags of all our
fertilizers. It is your guar
antee of 100% quality and
protection against inferior
This Giant Lizard-a land animal,
weighing 25 to 3C too?, lived ?a
South Carolin- during the forma
tion cf our ; josphate beda.
. CHARLESTON, S.C.
Perkins Sash and Dcor
High Grade Millwork
Hardwood work a Specialty
Rough and Finishing Work.
Estimates on Request.
Deep Plowing Season
We have and still arriving a full line of
Oliver turn plows,
Repairs of all kinds, such as points, bolts^ extra
wings, extra land bides, extra handles.
Jones & Son.
Wholesale and Retail
Tin plate, galvanised corrugated iron shingles, rubber roofing,
etc. Galvanised iron cornice and sheet metal work, skylights, etc.
Stoves, ranges, mantels, tiling, grates, paints, oils, varnishes, etc.
1009 Broad St, AUGUSTA, GA
Grow More Cotton to the Acre.
Plant Simpkins' Prolifie S^ed.
The earliest Cotton in the World. Ninety days from
planting to bale. Very prolific and a good linter.
We sell the only genuine- Mr. Simpkins' own s -ed- di
rect from his farm.
Price $1.25 per bushel. 25 bushels at $1.15
LIBERAL DISCOUNT IF ORDERED BEFORE
On every order sent us before Jan. 1st take 10c off this
prioe. Ordei now-the time is short.
W. H. MIXS0N SEED CO., - CHARLESTON
Sol? Distributora for South Carolina