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(?tttni gtwajaptt U&ni?h (tafe EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 28, 1914 SAFEGUARD PRIMARY. Senator B. E. Nicholson Work mg For Honest Primary. Amends Fti'tl Introduced Last Session. The following i* the text of Sena tor Ni eh ol son's bill for safeguard ing primary elections in South Car olina: Be it enacted by the General As sembly of the State of South Carolina: SECTION 1. That Chapter Xiii of Volume I, Code of Laws of South Carolina, 1912, relating to primary elections be amended by adding thereto additional sections, to be known as Seel ions 282a, 282b, 282c, 282d, 282f, 282s:, 282h, 252i. The additional sections lo read as follows: Sec. 282a. In oacb year, five months before the first primary of anv primary election held by any political party, organization or as sociation for the purpose of choos ing candidates for office, it shall be the duty of the members and officers of each club to provide for the en rollment, in alphabetical order, of all persons who are entitled to vote at such club in the primary elec tions of such political party, organi zation, or association as herein after provided. All persons who are qualified to vote in such primary elections nuder the con stitution and rules of such politi cal party, organization or associa tion, and who are bons, fide citizens of this State, and who have been residtnts of this State for one year, and of the county six months, and of the township or ward three months before first primary election of such party, organization or asso ciation of any year in which an elec tion shall be held, shall be entitled to be enrolled on ?uch club roll: Provided, That each such voter ap rVr'^r fr,- enrollment on any such club roll shall take an oath that he is duly qualified to vote in said elec tion under the constitution and rules of such party, organization or asso ciation, and under the provisions ot' this Chapter, and that he has not enrolled as a member of any club, and state his age and place of resi dence, and in a city where the houses are numbered, the number of the residence in which he re side", and if the houses are not numbere 1, he shall state the str-et and block on which he resides, and shall, on complying with said term.'?, be enrolled. Sec. 282b. In each year, thirty days before the first primary elec tion of any political party, organi zation or association, it shall b? the duty ol the officers having charsre of the enrollniHin of the vo ters at each of the clubs or pre cincts to make out a copy of tbt club roll of such precinct and U certify under oath before a notan public, or other officer authorized to administer oaths under the lawt of this State, that the same is i true and correct copy of the dui; roll of such club, and shall file sue! certified copy with the Clerk o' Court of the county in which stud precinct is located, and the earn? ?hall be kept of record in his of lice. Sec. 282c. No person shall be al lowed to vote at auy primary elec tion whose name is not enrolled or the club roll of the precinct when he is entitled to vote under the constitution and rules of such po litical party, organization or associ ation, in accordance with the pro visions of this Chapter, at leas thirty days before the first priman election of such party, organization or association in eaoh year in whicl an election shall be held. Sec. 282d. Any person applyinj for enrollment on the club roll o any club 42 or precinct of any po Htical party, organization, or asso ciation, who shall be refused en rollment, shall have the right to ap peal to any Circuit Judge in th Circuit where he, such voter, re sides, or to any Justice of the Su preme Court from the action of th officers of such club: Provided That the notice and grounds of ar peal be served on one of the officer of such club within five days alte the action of sa^d club in refusinj to enroll such voter, and this a*, peal shall be heard within ten day from the date of the service of sucl notice and thu time r.i.d place the hearing of said appeal shall fixed and designated in such tice; and such person, or the i cers or members of such club, si have the right to appeal to the preme Court of South <~!arol from the decision of the Judgi Justice who hears the same: P vided, That in the event the tion of the club or precinct in fusing to enroll such person be versed by the Judge or Justice w hean* the appeal, then the name such person shall be placed on i roli of such club and he shall entitled to vote as a member of sc club pending the final decision the Supreme Court. Sec. 282e. All personB enroll atanyclub or precinct und-jr 1 constitution and rules of suoh p ty, organization or association, a the provisions of this Chapter sh be entitled to vote at all of the y mary elections of such party, i ganization upon presenting hims at the precinct or club at which is enrolled and taking the oath ai complying with the rules of BU partv, organization or associatir Sec. 282f. Ail existing club ro are hereby declared null and vo and before any act may be do each club shall be reorganized a a chairman and secretary electt The County Executive Commit! and the officers of the clubs as present constituted in the vario counties shall have ai thority to A in order to carry out any of t provisions of this enactment, pei ing the appointment or election their successors. The secretary each club shall open a book for t purpose of enrolling vot?is ti months before the first prima election Notice shall be given 1 the Committee of the names of t Secretaries and where the boo j will be opened. Sec 232g. That an executi committee of every such politic party, organization shall be pro> ded by such political party, orgar zation or association, for each cou ty of the .State, ?o be., composed \ one member for each club or pr ci net, and a chairman to be elerU under the constitution and rules i such party, organization or associ tion; and it shall be the duty of ti executive committee to meet at tl courthouse in the respective cou ties thirty days before the first pr mary in each election year. Ar the said committee shall have a cess to the club rolls filed in tl office of the Clerk of Court, ai: shall have power to bear object i Ol on the part ol' any citizen to any < i saul dui) rolls, and if there sha be found on said club rolls tl names of any persons nut enlitlt to vote in any ot the precincts, au if shall be found that the names ( ? any persons entitled to vote hal ; been omitted, the said comrnitlt Bhal 1 havj the power to correct tl ? club rolls, and to strike from c . add to them all such names aftt > giving the persons and officers t the clubs affected five days' notii I to show cause why the same shoul ? not be done: Provided, The cou i mittee shall notify the persons a > lecied and the officers of any clu i or precinct of any change made i f tiie club roll within Jive days' then j after, and the persons stricken fror i said club rolls or the officers c - such club shall have the same righ and method of appeal from the ai tion of the executive committee a . is provided in Section 282d of thi , Act. > Sec. 282h. Any person violatin . the provisions of this Act otht than swearing falsely shall be gui - ty of a misdemeanor and fined no - over five hundred ($50u) dollars, o t imprisoned not over six (6) month* : or both, at the discretion of th i Court. Any person swearing falst i ly in any of the matters pertainini to primary elections shall be guilt, y of perjury, and punished as nov f 'provided bylaw for perjury. Tb* " officers and manigera of all club? . and members of the State an< . County Executive Committees o . political parties, organizations o 3 associations, are hereby authorize? j. to administer oaths in all matten . relating to such primary elections g and to swear falsely before any o them touching such matters shal be perjury. The said managers shal H be sworn to conduct the electioi ,. fairly and legally, and each vote r shall be sworn as to his right to vot< (. and that he has not voted before a " Maid election. b Sec. 282i. This Act is not in tended and shall not be construed to prevent any political party, or ganization or association from pre scribing and requiring any addi tional requirements and safeguards for the conduct of its primary elec tions, and ?hall not be deemed or construed to repeal or affect the provisions of Section* 283. 284 and 285 of Chaper XIII of Volume I of Code of Laws of South Carolina, 1912, or any Act not inconsistent j with the terms hereof. Longstreet at Chickamauga. All the blood shed by Longstreet's corps was not poured out on the Potomac, Sharpsburg and Gettys burg. On September 20, 1863 two mighty armies met in fiercest con flict on a stream near the Georgia and Tennessee line under the brow of Lookout mountain called Chicka mauga. a name antedating history, and called by the red man "Stream ol death." It may be that prophetic ken revealed to the red man, as ^e drank of its cooling waters or rested in its grateful shade, that the white ineu who were to drive him from his home aud possess his land, would on its banks and amid its waters meet in deadly conflict and stain its current with the flow of blood. Gen. Lee ordered Gen. Long street of the army of northern Vir ginia, on the banks of the Rappo hannock, ,to take (his) the first ar my corps and move by rail with all possible haste to Chickamauga to reinforce Ger?. Bragg, who waa being hard pressed there. About the middle of September we left the beautiful Rappohannock. Hood's divisiott and three other brigades landed in time to be in the battle of tho 19th, two brigades of Ac Lane's division Kershaw's S. C. Humphrey's Mississippi came in on the 19th about dark, marched to the Chickamauga creek and biv ouacked for the night on its bloody banks. The curtain of night slowly descended, the powder blackened, bayonets and flags over the hostile -lines, were but dimly seen. The rug??? after thu battle no one but a 60idier can realize the import of those four words. One hour after dark the re morseless war-god relaxed his hold on the two armies. who?e blood had been flowing >ince carly morning growing faint, bleeding and panting heavily, and silence reigned again in the shell shivered forest, but the gray and blue forms in the bushes didn't move. Sunday morning Sep tember 20, at 9 o'clock as the church bells of Chattanooga sum moned :ts children to Sunday school, the signal guns sounded through the forest at Chickamauga calling the bleeding annies again to battle. Here Gen. Longstreet com manded the left wing, and opened the battle and led in the van. Hood's division of Longstreet's corps broke thc federal lines at the beginning capturing their battery, later in the day, Longstreet drove his column like a wedge into the union center, ripping aounder the steady Hue of the federal division. It has been stated that the federal line had nev er been broken until this battle. (I do not vouch for that.) I am free to bay, and justice requires it to be stated here, that no officer or body of men of the saaie number could have contributed more to the tri umph of the Confederates than did Gen. Longstreet and the brave men who followed him from Virginia. The praises of Longstreet and his meu were freely proclaimed by the army of Tennessee. In writing these letters it is not roy intention to give the details of the battle, but simply in defense of Gen. Long street, to let the world know that he was ready to go anywhere in thick of the fight, and he alwayi held his ground, and wi.h bim it was war to the knife. At the end of the two day's battle which han scarcely a parallel, as the two wjugs of the Confederate army met on the field their battle flags waved triumphantly above every gory aere of it and their ringing shouts rolled through Chickamauga's forest and rose to heaven a mighty anthem ol praise and gratitude to God for th* victory. Thus ended one of lin bloodiest and most stubbornly con tested battles of the war. Aud with out hesitation or mental reservation Gen. Longstreet never did dis obey one single order of hil chief. My next will bo Longstree at Knoxville Tenn. J. Russell Wright. JOHNSTON LETTER. Mary Ann Buie Chapter Hon or Lee and Jackson- "Re ciprocity Day" to be Observed. The members of the Mary Ann Buie chapter D. of C., paid honor to/tbe memory of two of the south's great chieftains, Gen. R. E. Lee ar i Gen. T. J. Jackson, by com rn^moraling their birthdays in a dual celebration on Tuesday, the 20.thvthis day being chosen as it wiii a happy medium between the 19?h and 21st The celebration was held in the home of Mrs. Octavia Rushton, and the exercises were in charge of the chapter historian, Mes. O. D. Black, who presided and aiTang?d the program, which was ns foliows/ "Life of Gen. Lee," Mrs. John Mebley; piano solo, ''Gen. Lee's grand march," Mi>*8 Hettie Waters; ''Life of Gen. Jack son," Miss Zena Payne; vocal solo, ,cThe sword of Lee," Miss Clara S-iwyer; "Gen. Lee's sword," Mrs. Octavia Rushton; "Incidents in the life of Lee," Mrs. A. W. Goodyear; piano solo, Miss Gladys Sawyer; "Homage to Lee," Mrs. W. E. La Grone; "Statue in the hall of fame," Mrs. T. I). Lott; vocal solo, "Stonewall Jackson's prayer," Mra. James . White; "Last words of Jackson," Mrs. E. E. Audrews. After the program the hostess serv ed dainty refreshments and a half bour was spent socially. Mrs. Bou knight, of Gainesville, Fla., and Mr. and Mrs. Grady Ha zel, of Salada, visited in the home of Mr. J. W. Marsh last week. Mrs. W. J-. Hatcher went to At lanta last week to attend the bed side of her father who was critical ly ill. . .'? Mrs. Page and little daughter h.'iye been guests of relatives in Au g?tfttai'v'i ' - Miss Hallie. White ' ?pent last ' --4^'_a;t' Saluda wi th relati ves. r.r ?'. ?'s ?ifJre-'wi.-.Jn-j rvn?l Aiken to visit her aunt, Mrs. Mc Cartha. Mrs. Frances H. Williams was hostess fora very pleasant party on Wednesday afternoon, trie affair l?c-ing in compliment to Miss Ruth ?raith, of Tenille, Ga., who is visit ing in the home. The rooms were attractive in vases of blooming !l ?wers and pot plants, and the good cheer and cosiness thal abounded .wis delightful in contrant to the ?l?ments outside. Progressive games occupied an hour or more, and be :'jre departure, refreshments, in ! TO courses were served. Mr. and Mrs. George Merchant, ? ? Greenwood, were guests iii the i. jme of Mr. H. C. Bailey. Dr. and Mrs. Horace Wright ii ive returned to Georgetown after ; visit to relatives. Miss Lena Stevens of Meeting S.reet was a visitor bere during last week. A very delightful evening was spent in the home of Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Crouch, on Thursday when 'dins Elise Crouch entertained for li -sr friend, Miss Ruth Smith. The ?.?..ene was a bright and animated une, with the prettily dressed young women, fragrant flowers and many (Sparkling lights. After mattie had I' 'en enjoyed in the music room, fcveral tables of progressive cards were played and at the conclusion tlie prize was given to Miss Gladys Sawyer and the honoree was pre sented with a box of bonbons. Dur ing the latter part of the evening, a salad course, followed by sweets, was served. Mr. Leon Stansell, of Greenville, md Mr. Crouch, of Trenton, havi purchased the stock of goods of the ti rm of the late A. C. M obley & Son, and atan early date they will move here to begin business. Mr. and Mrs. Lake Smith, with their two Utils children, have been spending a few days in the hom? of the latter's father, Mr. Pope Perry, and are now domiciled in their new home a few miles from town. Miss Alice Schumpert of Vidalia Ga., is the guest of her aunt, MTB. (T. G. Waters. Miss Wardlaw Stansell has beet visiting friends here. Miwses Elizabeth and Polly Good year spent last week in August; with relatives. Mr. Clarence M obley has gon* lo Orangeburg to visit his sister Mrs. M. T. Siftly. Mr. Ralph Walker of Appleton vipited friends ?here during the week. "Reciprocity Day" will be ob served on February 10, by the New Century Club and to this will be invited representatives from all lo cal organizations, and also repre sentatives from sister towns. Rev. G. A. Wright, who has been critically ill during the past week, suffering from a stroke of paralysis, is thought to be some better. Dr. Harden, of Newberry, who was bis physician when he resided there, has been with him and also Mr. Level, of Newberry, visited him. Dr. A. T. King will fill the pul pit of the Philippi Baptist church on 4th Sunday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock. Monument to M K e Meriwether Proposed. Col. J. P. DeLauirhter, a mem ber of the house has introduced the following j^iint resolution which provides for an appropriation for erecting a monument to McKie Meriwether who lost his life in the Hamburg riot in 1876: "Be it resolved, by the general issembly of the Sute of South Carolina: "Section 1. That the sum of $400 be, and is hereby, appropria ted for the purpose of erecting a monument to the memory of McKie Meriwether, who was killed while serving under Gen. Butler in 1876 in what is known as the Hamburg riot. "Sec. 2. That a commission, con sisting of G. W. Medlock, W. H. Hammond, J- A. Butler, George Adams and J. ^ McKie, is hereby designated to award the contract forbid monument, and supervise the erection of same at the grave of the said McKie Meriwether. Woman's Christian Temper ance Union. Frances* Willard memorial meet ':. .; ;).' the h orr-." of Mri; J. W, Stewart Monday afternooV'Februa ry 2. at 3:30 o'clock. Minutes. Singing, Crusade hymn. Crusade Psalm. No. 146, in con cert. "Quiz for Frances K. Willard Memorial Fund Day." Answered by Mrs. J. W. Peak (the India..), Mrs. W. L. Dunovant (the colored people), Mir- U\ A. Hart (the I foreign vote) and Mrs. W. E. Lott (the stranger). White Ribbon rally song. Some personal recollections of Frances Willard, Mrs. D. B. Hol lingsworth. Vocal quartette. Resume of Frances Willard's life hv Anna A. Gordon, Mrs. Mamie Tillman. Each member who attends is ask ed to bring a contribution for the memorial fund. The meeting will be one of importance and every mern her is urged to be present. An Appeal From Supt. Lyon. Edgefield, S. C., Jan^ 27, 1914. Editor Edgefield Advertiser: Will you please give Bpacs in your pap?r for the following no tice: We are trying to build up a Li brary t? be used by the pupils of the Public and High School of Edgefield. The teachers are now at work trying to secure fonds with which to purchase books. Perhaps some people in Edgefield Town and Dis'rict might have a volume which they have read and do not care to place in their own Library, or perhaps some might be glai to present tne school with several volumes. The Superinten dent or any of the teachers will gladly receive books from any one desiring to present them to the school. You may send the books to school by the children from y Dur home, or let us know and we will call for them. These books will be carefully catalogued and placed in the School Library. One of the teachers will act as Librarian and the books will be used by the pu pils of the school from year to vear. We hope by ti is method to be able to collect a considerable number of volumes and thus add materially to our Library. Vtiry respectfully, T. J. Lyon, Superintendent. Don't Burn the Stalks andi Straw. Many times bave we oalled atten tion to the folly of burning stalks and straw, and we expect to do so many times in the future; for we believe the fact cannot be too strong ly impressed that these mater i air ire rich in humus'and plant food.! md that to burn them is equivalen to burning barn yard manures o: ?ivan commercial fertilizers. It is idle to say that the limit ot huming trash, straw and stalks on cultivated land is not common; we know better. Take a trip between now and the first of April any where through the South Atlantic and Gulf States, and almost every oth er farm as the bright February and March days come on, will be mark ed by columns of blue smoke that denote the "cleaning up", of the l ind, preparatory to planting. Long windrows of corn and cotton stalks a d grass have been dragged to gether preparatory to burning, I leaving the earth almost as bare as a j floor. Let's figuro a little on what we lose by such practices. Chemists have found by analysis that where 300 pounds of lint cotton is produc ed the leaves, burs, roots aud stems contain about 23 pounds nf nitro gen, worth at current retail prices, $4.60. Nitrogen ii by far the most expensive fertilizing element we have to buy and it also is the ele ment of value that is lost when the material is bun;ed. Again, take the case of corn-stalks. Where 40 bushels pf corn has been grown there will be about 16 pounds of nitrogen in the stalks and fodder. This too, worth $3.20 isloatwhen the stalks are burned. Summarizing a bit, let ns Bte how much the two-horse farmer, for'instance, the man with 20 acres each of cotton and corn, loses when he burns the stalks and trash off his entire 40 acree; Wc will as sume that be makes 200 pounds of lint and 20 bushels of corn to the acre-a 6ge average for the stalk ' . . . .'. fi r. ? Iiis cotio? stalks, leaves and burs, he would lose a fraction more than $'30 from the 20 acres; while from this 20 acres of corn, burning the stalks and fodder, the loss .vould amount to To this $92 loss of nitrogen must he added the loss of vegetable mali or-humus-so much needed, and which, if plowed under vould be as valuable in increasing fields as the nitrogen destroyed, lu other words. BUCII a farmer I loses almost $200 a year by such oracliees; hut, to be conserva re, let us cut it in two, and say $100. We don't know how many Pro gressive Farmer readers this hits not many, we hope. Hut the fact rennins that we are usiug fire too carelessly and generally on our farms. A far better practice is to plow under early everything small er than actual log?. Wh?n our lands are crying for humns and plant food, what shall we call the mai. who burns the ^<ltiivalent of several tons of cot tonseed meal? Surely not a far mer.-Progressive Faimer. Friendly Condemnation Pro ceedings From the standpoint of sterling men who compose it, probably the strongest jury ever drawn in this county is that which is to sit in the consent condemnation proceedings which involve two or three aores of land lying along the Savannah riv er. Tne Georgia-Carolina Power Company is one party and the Croft HFtate is the other party to the suit. The jury is composed of M. B. Hamilton, B. J. Harrison, G. M. Smith, J. W. Mundy, 1. A. Webb, J. II. Reel, W. L. Danovant, H. VV. Quarles, L. Y. Bryan, J. K. Allen, B. J. Day and J. W. Hardy. These men convened in the court house this morning and elected Mr. G. M. Smith foreman. To-morrow, ,?cc jmpauied by Clerk of Court W. B. Cogburn and the attorneys in the case, the juiy will go to Augusta and from thence up the river by boU to the point where the land is located. A price has been agreed upon for the small area of land hut as there are minor children interest ed,formal condemnation proceedi.igs had to be taken in ord? r to contorna tc the law in such cases.