OCR Interpretation

Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, August 19, 1914, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026897/1914-08-19/ed-1/seq-6/

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Champion Shir
Abundant dally exercise, or light,
steady work carefully given, clean,
sound grain and hay, and a roomy
box stall at night are what the brood
mare most needs as foaling time ap
proaches. Dr. A. S. Alexander of the
"Wisconsin college of agriculture ad
vises the feeding of sound, whole oats,
bran, and mixed or timothy hay to the
brood mare. There is much danger in
feeding moldy or otherwise damaged
grain, hay or straw and all woody and
.weather fodder. Hay or grain in
fested with ergot is especially danger
ous. Pregnant marcs should also be
kept away from corn fields. Plenty of
pure, fresh water should be supplied
them at all times.
The best possible care and atten
tion should be given to the handling
of mares previous to foaling. In
working them all jerking, severe pull
Government Experiments Frove That
rt ls More Efficient Than Paris
Green and Will Not Injure or
Burn the Crop.
Tobacco growers in Kentucky. Ten
nessee and adjoining states are ad
vised by government specialists to use
arsenate of lead in freeing their crops
of hornwcrms-the greatest pest that
the grower in the dark-tobacco dis
tricts has to face. Arsenate of lead is
said to be both effective and safer than
paris green, which has been u^ed ex
tensively against the pests^for some
years. With it there is no risk of
burning the tobacco and this alone, in
the opinion of the United States de
partment of agriculture, makes its use
advisable despite the somewhat' in
creased expense. In addition it ap
pears, unlike paris green, to have no
Injurious effect upon the operator.
Until recent years it was customary
to pick off the hornworms by hand
"hand worming" as the work was
called. As labor grew scarcer and less
effective, however, this methcd became
too expensive and growers were com
pelled to employ an insecticide. Of
those first employed paris green proved
the most satisfactory-or rather the
least unsatisfactory, for it frequently
causes a considerable loss. In 1012.
tor example, in several fields in Ten
nessee it was estimated that the dam
age done by paris green ranged from
10 to 25 per cent cf the gross value of
the crop. Exceptional cases are on
record where the damage has run as
high as 50 per cent. Arsenate of lead
causes none of this damage, according
to statements in Farmers' Bulletin
CPS, "Arsenate of Lead as an Insecti
cide Against the Tobacco Hornworms
In the Dark-Tobacco Districts," just
published by the "nited States depart
ment of agriculture. On one occasion
four acres of Kentucky tobacco were
treated with an application of GJ/i
. rounds per acre of powdered arsenate
of '.ead at a time when the worms av
eraged two a plant. Two days later
only four live worms were found in the
entire field. Weather conditions un
doubtedly contributed to establish this
extraordinary result, but they d? not
account for the fact that there was no
Injury to the tobacco from poison
burn. The crop was well advanced
and at a stage when paris green burn
ls very common.
To secure the best results arsenate
of lead should be mixed with some
form of carrier. A number of experi
ments indicate that the most satisfac
tory carr'er is finely-sifted, freshly
burned wood ashes, of which a quan
tity at least equal to that of the poison
should be used. The two should be
mixed very thoroughly and then ap
plied when there is no breeze and the
dew is still upon the tobacco. A dust
gun more powerful than the hand
power ones now In general use is
requisite if the application is to be
even, thorough and therefore effective.
The cost of this treatment depends,
-of course, upon the condition of the
crop. It is estimated, however, that
in years when worms are plentiful
band worming costs* from six to ten
dollars an acre. Paris green will do
the same amount of work for not more
tban two dollars an acre and arsenate
e Brood Mare.
ing and wading through deep snow
or over manure piles or marshy
ground should be avoided because of
the resultant strain upon their bodies.
Undue excitement Induced by shouts
and applications of the whip should
also be tabooed at this critical
Doctor Alexander recommends that
as foaling time approaches the grain
ration be decreased and such laxative
I foods as bran and oats be increased,
as constipation .is dangerous. The use
' of a roomy box stall is imperative. In
such a stall the mare will escape drop
: sical swellings of the abdomen and
? udder, and will not be so likely to be
: come "cast.*' After foaling mares
; should be allowed to go from ten to
! fifteen days before again resuming
i work, and when work is resumed it
I should be light at first.
j of lead at a cost of from three to five
j dollars an acre. From three and one
! half to five pounds of the latter should
be used at each application, net includ
ing, of course, the weight of the car
rier. Since powdered arsenate of
Iei'd retails at approximately 25 cents
a pound, the cost of each application
will range from SS cents to $1.25, or
less if the material is purchased in
large quantities exclusive, of the cost
of the carrier, labor and other factors.
This may seem expensive, but it must
be remembered, the bulletin points out.
that arsenate of lead is rf commended
not for its cheapness but because it is
certain not to injure the tobacco. In
some years one application may be suf
ficient: in others two or even three
may be necessary. The number o'
eggs and young worms that appear on
the plants will decide this.
Although the arsenate can be ap
plied as a water spray in the propor
tion of three or four pounds to 100 gal
lons of water, the powdered form is
the one recommended by the govern
ment experts. It is important, more
over, that there should be a large per
centage of arsenic oxid in the poison.
In order to obtain this the customer
should insist upon what is known as
the diplumbic and not the triplumbic
form of arsenate of lead. For his
guidance the bulletin lays down the
following rule:
"In order to be sure of receiving the
diplumbic form, demand that the man
ufacturer and dealer guarantee that
the arsenate of lead you buy contains
at least 30 per cent of arsenic oxid
(As 2?5) in which not more than one
per cent is free or water-soluble."
It is necessary to have a small per
centage of free or water-soluble arsenic
in order to insure against burning the
Contrivance S^cwn in Illustration Will
Greatly Assist Farmer Having a
Large Acreage.
With tho use of the weeding cart
shown it is not necessary for the gar
dener to get down on his knees to pull
weeds cut of tim growing plant rows.
The plan shews its construction. It is
Weeding end Picking Cart.
also useful in picking green beans,
writes A. S- Thomas of Arnherstberg,
Ont., in Popular .Mechanics. For weed
ing I use wheels 12 inches in diame
ter, and for picking IS inches, on the
rear axle. A canopy or umbrella can
be attached for use in the sunshine.
Good Orchard Crops.
There is no reason why certain
crops cannot be grown to advantage
In young orchards. Soy beana, for
example, may be grown successfully
and they will benefit the trees and
decrease the cost of bringing an
orchard into bearing. Some vegetable
growers use different kinds of beans
and peas and claim both of these
crops are excellent for young orchards.
Destroying Slags and Snails.
One of the best means of destroying
snails and slugs in the garden ls to
dust the plants with lime. Salt strewn
along rne edges of beds will also keep
them from the plant?.
Growing 2nd Mature Animals Can Use
Considerable Rough Feed and
Fer?.ge to Advantage.
(By W. M. KELLY.)
On account cf having a comparative
ly small stomach, the pig is an animal
especially adapted to the consuming of
concentrated foods. The growing pig
and the mature breeding animal eau
use considerable rough feed and for
age to advantage.
For the best results, the growing
pig must not be confined to forage
crops and roughage^'alone; and the
fattening hog, although it can use
a hide bulky and ' uucculent food,
should be fed largely upon concen
trated feed.
The legumes, alfalfa, rape, rye,
sorghum, millet, are carbonaceous
feeds. Bluegrass contains less pro
tein than the former, but more than
the latter crops, consequently, If we
are feeding pigs on pasture, we must
plan to feed* protein feeds if they have
carbonaceous forage and pasture, and
carbonaceous feeds if they have pro
teinaceous pasture and forage crops.
Pigs that have the run of alfalfa and
clover make the best 'gains if fed a
little corn and some of the nitrogenous
feeds like oil-meal, skim-milk, or wheat
middlings. However, it is usually
wore profitable to depend upon the
clover and alfalfa pasture and not feed
the more expensive feeds.
!f w;> hava our rigs well-developed
ou forage and protein feeds they will
be in condition to finish on corn alone
tile last two months. \V. M. K.
Principles to Be Followed Are Use of
Pure-Bred Sire and Feed and Care
of Mare and Foal.
The principles to be fellowed by
fanners in improving their horse
stock are: The use of sound, pure
Pure-Bred Stallion.
bred sires of a particular breed, the
use of sound mares, the feeding and
care of the mare and foal and thc
working of the stallions regularly. Doc
tor Alexander of the Wisconsin experi
ment station further urges the home
production of pure-bred stallions to
replace the grades, mongrels and
scrubs too often used at present.
He urges that grade horses replace
scrubs in farm teams. The organiza
tion of community associations will
greatly facilitate the promotion of
horse-breeding and thc encouragement
0 the industry may be furthered by
prizes at county fairs for pure-bred
stallions, marcs and colts.
Chance Fro;n Grass to Alfalfa, Corn,
Earley, Ensilage, Etc., Must Be
Made Gradually.
A sm.'dl percentage of loss in lambs
in the feed lot is to be expected, bul
this loss in seme instances is f -
greater than it should be. When
range Iambs are placed on a fatteninc,
ration the change of feed is so sudden
that dietic disturbances cause a gen
eral disorder and several dead cheep
are found in the ;>?.::.?; each morning.
This invariably leads to the suspicion
that they are dying of some infectious
In some cases the ration is not well
balanced to secure the best gains and
the conditions of care and handling
might be better, but these things will
account for only a nominal loss.
The change from grass to alfalfa,
corn, barley, molasses and straw, en
silage, etc., must be made gradually
and herein lies the secret of the heavy
losses of lambs in the food lots in the
early fall. The desire to get the
Iambs on a fattening ration as early
as possible and failing to appreciate
the danger of too heavy feeding and
change of ration has helped to make
lamb feedinc an unprofitable business
in some instances. A sudden change
of feed or overfeeding must be guard
ed agair.st in the domestic animals;
especially Is this true with the horse
*nd sheep.
To Head-Off
a Headache
Nothing is Better than
Dr. Miles' Anti-Pain Pills
They Give Relief Without
Bad After-Effect*
"I can say that Dr. Mlle?* Rem
edios liavc boen a godsend to mo
and my family. I used to have
such terrible headaches I would al
most be v.'.ld for dnys at a time. I
began using Dr. Miles' Anti-Pain
Pills and never have those ht*A
acheS any more. I e:'.n speak hig?iiy
of Dr. Miles' Nervine also for ft
curod one of my children of a terrible
nervous disorder. I can always
Fpeak a good word for your Rem
edies and have recommended them
to a pood many of my friends who
have been well pleased with thom."
MRS. GEO. 11. BRYAN, '
a Janesville, Iowa.
For Sala by All Druggist!.
25 Coses, 25 Cents.
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
jj Make the Old Suits
Look New'
We are loiter prepared
than ever to do iirM-elass
work it. denim g and press
ing ol all kinds. Make your
old ?.ants or mit new by let
ing us clean and pi cse (hom.
Ladies skirts and snits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
isfaction guaranteed.
Edge fie ld Pressing
Miss Myrtle Cothrum,
of Russe?ville, Ala., says:
"For nearly a year, I suf
fered with terrible back
ache, pains in my limbs,
and my head ached nearly
all the time. Our family
doctor treated me, but
only gave me temporary
relief. I was certainly in
bad health. My school
teache Ivised me to
The Woman's Tonic
I took two bottles, in all,
and was cured. I shall
always praise Cardui to
sick and suffering wo
men." If you suffer from
pains peculiar to weak
women, such as head
ache, backache, or other
symptoms of womanly
trouble, or if you merely
need a tonic for that tired,
nervous, worn-out feel
ing, try Cardui. i
Mr. Stock Owner!
We carry in stock all the
Boyd's Remedies
which are guaranteed to do the
work claimed for them or pur
chase price will be refunded.
Boyd'r. Sure Pop Colic Cure. large . 51.00
Boyd's Sure Pop Colic Cure, smaH , .50
Boyd's Sure Pop Fever & Coufrh Cure .50
Boyd's Sure Pop Purgative.50
Boyd's Sure Pop Eye Remedy ... .50
Boyd's Sure Pop Hoot Liquid ... .25
Boyd's Sure Pop Magnetic Ointment . .25
Boyd's Liniment, small.25
Boyd's Liniment, medium.50
Boyd's Liniment, large.1.00
Boyd's Worm and Condition Po. ami.. .25
Boyd's Worm and Condition Po. med . .50
Boyd's Worm and Condition Po. Ige. 1.00
For Sale by
G. T. Ouzts,
Kirksey, S. C.
We >e)l the celebrated Buist gar
Jen seed and have just rece ived a
fresh shipment of turnip seeded' ll
kinds, Mich as ruta ba^a, seven top,
white globe, aberdeen, etc. Cc mein
I and let us supply you.
Penn & Holstein.
15.00 Flannel suits at -SS.00. We
are determined to give the best
value in Augusta for the money.
Palm Beach suits *?.?0, ?8.0O
F G Mertins, Augusta. Ga.
That's an advantage when you
have to heat something quickly
the night.
heats instantly without smoke or smell.
It has all the convenience of gas and
costs less for fuel than any other stove.
It is the best oil-burning device yet pro- ;
duced for cooking purposes.
The New Perfection No. 5 has the|
new Fireless Cooking Oven, which j
roasts and bakes perfectly-slow, fast or
fireless cooking, to suit every need. "
New Perfection Stoves are also made in
1, 2, 3, and 4-burner sizes. No. 5 stove
includes broiler and toaster. These'
utensils can be obtained separately for
the smaller sizes. Sad-iron heater and
cook-book free with every stove.
At dealers everywhere, or write direct
for catalogue.
Washington, D. C. (New Jersey) Charlotte, N. C
Norfolk. Va. BALTIMORE Charlestown,W.Va.
Richmond. Va. Charleston. S. C
fa .'ja, , naaanaBBMBB BBBB32HBB
i The Equitabl
i Life Assurance Society
i i
Offers beyond a reasonable doubt the
fi best insurance that eau he obtained. Be
I fore taking out insurance with some
I other company. Let me show von my ?
I 20 Pay Life, paid up in 15 84 years.
Dividends declared after the first year.
V /
increasing yearly.
Don't fail to ?'et the best when you
insure. Therefore, you had better see
an Equitable policy.
H Ulf Ki t?? ff^Ti^Jljnn ff -1 KBflrL?'
Ashby W. Davenport,
Equitable Life Assurance Agent
Edgefield, S. C.

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