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MILEAGE OF CONCRETE ROADS
Growth In Popularity Indicated by
Rapid Increase, in Recent Years
in United States.
The mileage of concrete pavements
in the United States has increased
rapidly, and it ls likely to continue
to increase, according to a new bulle
tin of the United States department
ot agriculture. This bulletin gives
tile estimated amount of concrete
parement in the United States in 1914
as 19,200,000 square yards; in 1909 it
was only 364,000 square yards.
The principal advantage of concrete
pavements which have led to this in
crease in popularity are said to be:
1. Durability under ordinary traffic
2. A smooth, even surface offering
little resistance, v
3. Absence of dust and ease with
which it may be cleaned:
4. Comparatively small cost of
maintenance until renewals are neces
5. Availability as a base for another
type of surface if desirable.
6. Attractive appearance.
In commenting upon these advan
tages the bulletin states that the dur
ability of concrete roads has not yet
been provec? by actual practice, be
cause there are no very old pave
ments as yet in existence, but frbm
the condition of those which have un
dergone several years' service it
seems probable that they will be
found to wear well.
The disadvantages of concrete as i
a road surface aro:
li Its noise under horse traffic.
2. The wearing of the necessary
Joints in the pavement, and the tend
ency to crack, with its consequent
3. The difficulty of repairs when
these become necessary. '
In the past efforts have frequently
been made to overcome these objec
tions to a certain C agree by covering
the concrete pavement with a bitumi
nous wearing surface. At the present
time, thc specialists In the department !
hold that this cannot be economically I
New Jersey State Road, Bituminous
justified, although it is possible that
tature investigation may change the
situation in this respect. In the pres
ent s^ate of road science, however, it
seems that where traffic conditions
are such that a bituminous surface
on a concrete road i3 practicable a
bituminous-surface macadam road
would be equally practicable and cer
tainly cheaper. Where traffic is too
heavy for macadam road the bitu
minous surface is likely to give way
and the uneven manner in which it
fails tends to produce excessive wear
on portions of the concrete.
For a successful concrete road, hard
ness, toughness and uniformity are
the most essential qualities. These
can be secured to a great extent by
care in the selection of the constitu
ent materials and the proportions in
which they are mixed. Sample speci
fications are included in the bulletin,
No. 249, "Portland Cement Concrete
Pavements for Country Roads."
These specifications are believed to
typify tba best engineering practice
as it has been developed up to this
time. They cover such points as ma
terials, grading, subgrade and con
Good Roads Appreciated.
. "Motor car3," said Mr. Chuggins,
;*Tiave done more than anything else
?to make people appreciate good
: "But your machine is constantly
(!>reaking down, regardless of the
"Yes. But lt's a great comfort not
ito have to climb around in a mud
hole while I am fixing it."
Farmer Saves His Horses.
In considering roads, remember that
no town looks so geed to the farmer
that he will-kill his horse to get there.
Improve RuraJ Conditions.
' dood roads will impxoye every con
dition of rural life; and they will
cost you no more than poor roads ara
coating you "now.
Increases Farm Value.
-The better the roads to a farmer's
residence, the closer it brings his farm
to town, thereby Increasing the. value
of the farm.
' If the roads around a town are bad?
itt might aa well be on an island.
REPAIRING THE FENCE
By JOHN DARLING.
"Sayl" shouted a tramp over the
gate ot the Mortimer place.
Miss Nellie Mortimer sat on tho
veranda reading a book.
"Say! I say!"
The girl shook her head to signify
that there was nothing doing in his
"Oh, I'm not after a hand-out"
"Then go an!"
"And I don't want to do that until
I have told you that there is a hog
in the side garden out there, and that
he is rooting up things for fair!"
"The hog again!" exclaimed Miss
Nellie as she started up.
"Yes'm-same hog!" grinned the
"But he must be driven out at once.
If you will d:.Tve him out, I'll-"
"Oh, no, l??issy"" interrupted the
tramp as he began moving away, "you
can't play that on me."
Mr. Mortimer had an interest in a
business in the city and spent most
of his time there. On this morning
no one was at home except herself
and the cook, and as for the latter
she was fat and lame. .That hog must
go out, however.
Miss Nell; 3 drove him down the
road and' found the place he had
broken in, and then it was hammer
and nails and a couple of boards. She
had got all the materials on the spot i
when a young man came along on
foot. She recalled that she had seen
Wm pass in an auto an hour before,
and was wondering if he had met
with an accident, when he halted and
raised his ca...
"Had a break-down and am walking
She wanted to ask him why be
didn't walk on then, but she spotted
that hog coming back and uttered
.a muttered threat instead. This
caused him to notice the materials
and the hole in the fence, and he
"Ah, I see! The beast has been
in the garden, and you are going
to secure the fence against him. I
have read that few women could drive
"I have read that same thing of
"Here is the chance to test the mat
He reached for a board and knelt
down and held it against the fence
for her and smiled in a superior way
and in anticipation. That smile set
tled the matter. Miss Nellie picked
up hammer and nails and began driv
There was a smash and a yell!
The hammer had missed the nail and
hit the thumb!
"I didn't do it!" he protested.
"But if you hadn't been here and
looking on it wouldn't have hap
"Nonsense! Didn't I say that a
woman couldn't drive a nail without
mashing her thumb?"
"And didn't I say that a man couldn't?
You pick up that hammer and try it!"
The board was held in place while
the nail was neatly driven, and the
young mau turned to Miss Nellie with
that superior smile.
"Go ahead!" she ordered. "There's
three more nails to be driven yet."
He started on the second. There
was a smash and a howl. It was more
than a howl. It was language-lots
of language. For a moment the vic
tim thought himself far from the
haunts of men (and women), but then
he calmed down and said:
"I sincerely beg your pardon."
"It was unfair of you, when you
knew I couldn't' do the same thing.
How bad is it?"
He held out his hand for inspec
tion. The blood had already begun
to settle under the nail.
"And yours?" he asked.
It was as bad, and the girl's face
had become very pale with the pain
of it. At that moment the cook came1
limping out to see what had happened,
and they held out their bruised
thumbs to her.
"Great cats and dogs!" she ex
claimed. "Why both of you will sure
ly lose your thumbnail?, anyhow, and
it will be a miracle if you ere not dis
figured for life!"
The "mashed" took seats on the
veranda and held' on to their thumbs,
while the cook brought out bandages
and ointments by the handful.
"Why did you go and do it?" asked
the woman as the last thumb was
"If this gentleman hadn't come
along and butted in-" began Miss
Nellie, when she was interrupted:
"Whose name is Earl Bell. Excuse
me that I haven't given it befoie.
1 believe this is Miss Mortimer?"
"And I believe that pesky hog has
got back into the garden again! Per
haps you have also read that no wom
an can drive a hog?"
"If I ever find one I'll-111 admire
"Well, I want you to show me that
a man can. I'll stay here and watch."
When that hog found that he had
a man to deal with he quit his job and
made for the fence, and - then the
young man left. Did he ever return?
Read what the cook said the other
"Oh, yes, he returned and returned
and returned, and he's returning yet,
and if that hog don't bring about a
marriage and a wedding trip, then ni
never go by signs again!"
(Copyright, by the McClure Newspaper
START TRAINING BULL EARLY
inserting Nose Ring Is Simple and
Metal Does Not Rust.
A bull's training must be started
early. A light weight ring should be
inserted in his nose when he is from
nine to twelve months old, but under
no circumstances should he be led by
the ring until three or four months
after so that the nose can heal up
Inserting the nose ring is e. simple
and short operation when properly
done. First tie the bull securely to a
post by the head and horns, then take
a common trocar and cannula, well
sterilized, and pu?h it through the
thinnest part of the membrane that
separates the nostrils, withdraw the
trocar, leaving the cannula in the open
ing. Put one end of the opened ring
in the pointed end of the cannula and
then carefully withdraw cannula,
which brings the ring into the open
ing and after closing ring and putting,
in the screw, the job is done. Before
the operation, the ring should be ex
A Shorthorn Bull.
amined and all rough edges carefully,'
filed down so there is nothing to irri- .
tate :he nose and keep it raw and i
When the animal is about two to ;
two and one-half years old, the light
ring should be removed and a good
heavy ring inserted. Iron rings should .
not be used as they rust and keep the
bull's nose raw and sore. The best
are made of brass or bronze composi
tion metal and do not rust.
In tying up the bull by the nose,
one should be careful to avoid fris&i
ening him, causing him to jump back
and slit the ring out of his nose. .It
is safest to pass the tie chain through
j the nose ring and then up and around
i his horns and when he jerks back most
I of the strain comes on the horns and
not at the nose. ,
? PROPER TOOLS FOR DAIRYING
I Manure Spreader Is One of Most
Profitable Implements-Silo Is
Regarded as Essential.
It is impossible to give a specific ;
J answer to the question as to what tools I
; a dairyman should possess. Much de- j <
j pends upon a man's pocketbook and ,
the possibility of his changing work
With neighbors to get the use of their
tools, and upon labor conditions in
general. For Instance, a manure
spreader is one of the most prolltable
Implements for a farmer with any
amount of dressing to distribute. Yet
it is possible to handle the manure in
the old way if a man simply cannot
buy a spreader.
If you are dairying you ought to
have a silo, and that means a silage
cutter and an engine, unless you can
arrange with a neighbor to do the
work. If you raise potatoes in any
quantity a planter, sprayer, and sure
ly a digger, will perform the work
most economically. Yet it is possible
to get along without these. Of course, i
you would not expect to compete very
successfully with growers who have
such improved machinery. This class
of tools is in use only a portion of the
year, and it ties up your capital to your
disadvantage if you have but little to
begin with. There are certain things
that every farmer is expected to have,
such as wagons, plows, harrows, mow
ing machine, hayrake, etc. j
FEED CALVES IN STANCHIONS j
Discourages Desire to Suck One An- .
other's Ears-Wooden Device Is
There are several good reasons for
feeding calves ' in stanchions. The
calves can be fed their milk, then
their grain, and after they have eaten
the grain they will lose their desire
to suck one another's earB.??. A
stanchion made of wood will be entire
ly satisfactory. It should be made
from 3 to Zy2 feet high and 18 to 24 ,
inches from center to center, with the
neck space 4 to 5 inches wide, lt is
built in the same manner as the old
style rigid stanchion. The calf should
be fastened while eating, but loosened
from the stanchions after it has eaten
its grain. The calf puns and stanchions
should be built in the south side of the
barn, where plenty of sunshine and
light cw. be had. There is no disin
fectant that will take the place o?
New Through Sleeping Car.
Between . Aiken and New York,
Washington, Baltimore, Phil
adelphia, effective November
23, 1915 on the Augusta Spe
cial Via Southern Railway.
Lv Aiken 1:45 p m
Lv Treeton 2:25 pm
Ar Washing 7:00 a tn
Ar Baltimore 8:32 a m
Ar Philadelphia 10:50 a m
, Ar New York 12:57 p. m
Drawing Room, State Roora and
Open Section Steel Electric Lighted
Sleeping Cars? Dining Car Service
For All Meals. For nervations
&nd information, applv to
J. A. TOWNSEND,
Ticket Agent, EdgetiVld, S. C.
No doubt you are, If
you suffer from any of the
numerous ailments to
which au women are sub
ject. Headache, back
ache, sideache, nervous
ness, weak, tired feeling,
are some ot the symp
toms, and you must rid
?rourself of mern in order
ofeel well. Thousands
of women, who have
been benefited by this
remedy, urge you to
The Woman's Tonic
Mrs. Sylvania Woods,
of Oifton Mills, Ky., says
"Before taking Car dui,
I was, at times, so weak I
could hardly walk, ana
the pain in my back and
head nearly killed me.
After taking three bottles
of Cardul, the pains dis
appeared. Now I feel as
well as lever did. Every
suffering woman should
try Carita." Getabottle
Make the Old Suits
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Speci.il attention giv^n to La
dios' Silk Wai?** nnd Skirts.
Edge?eld Pressing Club
WALLACE HARRIS, PROP.
Ask yonr Drn^nt for CHf-CTTES-TER'S
?iAMOND Ii KA I" fl PILJ.s, for twenty-fire
years regarded aa Bcsc.Safest, Always ?diable.
30LD BY kll DRUGGISTS
TRIED EVERYWHERE SS
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kind9.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
We have the agency for Ford auto
mobiles for the western part of Edge
lield county. There is no better car on
he market for the money. The Ford
owners who have thoroughly tested
?hese cars will tell you that. Ii you
want a car, drop us a card and we will
sall on you and demonstrate the Ford
. F. RUSH & CO.
PLUM BRANCH, S. C.
1 SITTE Rd AND SID NE Y?
Th? create?t thing
in modern feeding
is MOLASSES. It cota
down th? feed bill and build? ap the stock.
HORSE AND MULE MOLASSES FEED
It's something the horses and moles like-gives them an
appetite-starts the saliva running and aids digestion.
Far superior to an all grain feed. Give your horses and
mules a treat, and at the same time save money.
Our RED SHIRT (first grade) Horse and Mule Molasses Feed
contains Corn, Oats, Ground Alfalfa, made appetizing with salt
and pure cane molasses, and analyzes as follows:
Protein 10%: Fat 3<7fe; Fibre 12%; Carbohydrate? 57%
PIEDMONT HORSE & MULE MOLASSES FEED ^t?%?lsV^%;
12% ; Carbohydrate? 657o.
jsWAMP FOX HORSE & MULE MOLASSES FEED Fa??"d^
PERFECTION HORSE & MULE FEED ffiffi^
Protein 12%; Fat 3%: Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates 57%. This i? composed of straight
Crain and ground Alfalfa Meal. J
RED SHIRT DAIRY FEED
First Grade: A balanced ration containing Molasses. Cattle are very fond of it- 5
keeps them in good condition. Increases the flow and enriches the quality of the milk ?
at a reduced cost of feeding. Contains ground Corn, C. S. Meal, Wheat Middling, i
Ground Alfalfa, Pure Cane Molasses and Salt. Analyzes: Protein 15%; Fat 3%;
Fibre 12%; Carbohydrate? C0%.
REDMONT DAIRY-FEED gf?ft"; Protein Fat Ffl>w
Dm CHIPT Hfifi FFFT) A combination of Digestive Tankage. Ground Corn, Ric? ;
ftCUOniTtl HUH rest/ Bcreenings ; yery fattening. Keeps the hogs in good "ondition. J
We manufseture also RED SHIRT Scratch Feed and RED SHIRT Baby Chick Feed. ?7
rSEYEN EGGS A WEE1T HEN MASH gSsTcV?,^
Bice, Cottonseed Meal, COT,- Peas, Meat Meal and Linseed Meal. Analysis:
Protein 18%; Fat 4%; Fibre 12%; Carbohydrate? 40%.
A? shown on the bags in our ad. nearly all of car feed is made from Carol'na
products, eren to the baw and twine. Wc are, therefore, in the market
for Oats, Corn, Wheat, Alfalfa Hay and any other kind of Hay.
We also carry a full stork of GRAIN1, EAT
Our feeds as shown above are mired
on scientific principles to furnish the
greatest nourishment at the lowest
cost. Let us shown you her to
cut your feed bills down. Write
us fer prices, cte
Molony & Carier Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
S lv$/j| m lp yk MM mwS B"
CcwrteM 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Co-No. 44
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
.BANK OF EDGE FIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard. Plaident; B. E. Nicholson, Vi ce-President;
E. J. Mirr.s, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thoa. K. R?.ins'ord, John Ransford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, E. J. Wims, J. H. Alien.
\ZOV r.ccd this prr.cticr.1, e;:
voa own cr iatend to p!.".n!: a f
matlon that will save you time, Ia ?or an
naiuo and address on tbe coupon-or on
We trill frladly rcr.il yon r. i"s cop7
of our New C?talo;;-an ll ::?3 In. ?.?.-.cl:
that is simply packed with hims that
will enable you to secure bumper crops
cf finest frui:-and cell them nt t?p
n:r.rk?i prices. "?he whole book ls fiiic-d
with facts that will hrerest and Instruct
you-facts about how fruit-;rrower3
Stark Bro9s Karaencs ai Louisiana, Mo.
P-ad it and lenm about the new fruit
tr e triumph of fiiarlc Ero's Iqmr On
tury o? Succcs3 -the "Doubio-Lifo"
pert information. Whether
uv: trees or-c tli'jr.sand, it is infor
ii morey. Get it! Simply send us your
a pon?ai, if you prefer.
crver"'.vhe:-o are jrcttfnjr prodisinus
crop ; ari? larirecas:i profits from crops
cf yopnz, teri cy, gnttiim Stark Bro's
tree;-facts t;:.it eirrpha,size the truth
of elie axium "S'ark Trees Bear Fruir."
Beautiful lifc-sizc.n?itaral-coi' r phi tos
cf leading frnk': tlir^a^Ii the book.
S?ud for your ccp/ today to
Grimes Golden-the tree development
that resists "collai- rot." Get tba New
Y .cts about "L:rur!c Delicious," Stark
Eariy Elberta, and all tho latest
reaches, i?tarh Cro's-srrown. J. H. K r.le
Peaches, Bloc Lincoln Pear. St.'.rk
Montmorency Cherry, Mammoth (Jy-ld
Y. i~: ri nd .-i!; rfc > other famous Stark
Bro's fruit?.benL- mad ornamentals. .
GclJ&zr Nev Catalog <. Sfark
Fi?llZ 11 11 2 ??*es-Sricd Bro'?
* r ' f.-oT? cover to c1
cover with bvcrHfal p'10
rojirap.is. Ma I ? : the
coupon or a 'pt*, cl.
.r , r. vt BIKU T.u at on?
beariniry^nrnauie jprxy-ru:-.;,:. your Net
oed address. A> C.iUi!^. ?rliirvr jus
_ _ _ bow.?ru?t-?rrowun ar
I expect to plar.t.
ST.'} TT.o at once.