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NO REMEDY FOR BLACKHEAD
Experts of Rhode Island Experiment I Station Make Recommendations for Preventing Disease. (By MILLIGAN C. KILPATRICK. Poul try Department. Ohio State University.) No remedy or satisfactory method of prevention of blackhead has been discovered, although the disease has been carefully studied for years. Doc tors Cole and Hadley of the Rhode Is land experiment station make the fol lowing recommendations: 1. Protect the yards and flocks which may have the good fortune to bs uninfected with the blackhead or Bronze Turkeys on Massachusetts Farm. ganism by a thorough examination of all new stock whether turkeys, fowls, geese or other domestic birds. 2. Keep the turkeys on grounds which are as fresh as can be ob tained and, above all, keep them Iso lated from fowls and other domestic birds. Keep every turkey in the flock pindar close observation In orde^r to separate and at once isolate any bird which gives evidence of the disease. To facilitate such observations lt is helpful to leg-band each individual and to record its weight from time to time. 4. If it is known that blackhead is present in any of the poultry, that yard and house should be kept free from sparrows, rats and mice, which are carriers of the organism which causes the disease. 5. In fattening turkeys for the mar ket, increase the rations gradually. Overfeeding or a sudden increase in the ration will not cause blackhead, but frequently causes death of birds in which blackhead is present. 6. The bodies of all birds which have died of blackhead should be burned or buried immediately. On most farms, it is out of the Question to put into practice all of these recommendations, especially those in regard to the isolation of the flock. The general practice is to allow the turkeys to mingle with the other fowls. Unless these recommen dations can be rather closely fol lowed, however, it is not advisable tc attempt to raise turkeys after the disease has once made its appear ance. The turkeys in your flock -which do not appear to be infected may become chronic carriers of the (disease. If it is necessary for you ito rear turkeys next season on ground -which has been occupied by fowls or lay diseased turkeys, you are very like ly to experience the same trouble. MAKE FIGHT AGAINST MITES Liberal Use of Lice Powder ls Always ? Jn Order-Dust Bath ls Essen tial to All Fowls. The free use of an effective lice powder is always in order. A dust bath is very essential in rid ding the fowls of lice. In applying powder hold the fowl by the feet, head down, and work the powder well down in the feathers. The free use of kerosene on the roosts and in the cracks will exter minate mites. Whitewash is very effective against vermin. Feed for Pullets. If the pullets begin to lay and then shut off after the laying of a small egg or two, take notice as to whether you are feeding them enough. Pul lets must be fed heavily to keep up regular laying in winter. After they begin laying they seldom put on too much fat. Make the Hens Scratch. When fowls are kept In confinement, all grain rhould be scattered in litter to kosp chem scratching for a living. They will produce more eggs and keep healthier. GROWS RICHER EVERY YEAR United States Swells Its Coffers With Every Twelve Months That Pass Into Oblivion. In the past sixty-3ve years the na tional wealth of the United States has increased 2,258 per cent, from $7,136, 000,000 in 1850 to $187,730,000,000 in 1912. Theoretically, every man, wom an and child in the country is worth $1,965. In 1850 the per capita of wealth was only $308, so every Ameri can's theoretical equity in the coun try's wealth is six times as great as sixty-five years ago. More than 7.5 per cent of the na tional wealth, or about $12,314,000,000, is real estate and is exempted from taxation. This includes public works and property used for religious and charitable purposes. Of the present national wealth, $98,363,000,000 is in taxed real prop erty and improvements; $16,149,000, 000 represents railroads and their equipments; $14,694,000,000 i3 in manufactured products; $8,468,000,000 is in furniture, vehicles and the like; $238,000,000 is in live stock and $6, 091,000,000 in manufacturing machin ery, tools and implements. The richest state is New York with $25,011,000,000 of property wealth. Then comes Illinois with $15,484,000, 000, and Pennsylvania with $15,458, 000,000. Britain's national wealth was esti mated a year ago at $108,280,000,000, and Germany's In 1908 at $77,864 000, 000. MANY WIRELESS STATIONS Germany Prepared for Emergencies That Would Arise in the Day of Conflict. Part of German preparedness for "the Day" was the erection of a world wide system o' high-power wireless stations. When the war started there were in operation German wireless stations in Europe, Africa, America and the South seas. Many have been dismantled by the allies, but the three greatest still remain and serve to keep Germany in communication with the outside world, even though the cables be cut The three greatest stations are at Nauen, Germany; Sayville, L. I., and "somewhere" rn Spain. The French claim that there is a German wireless station in every state in the Unicn. Outside of the Sayville station there are known to be four high-power sta tions in Mexico and ten in South America, the latter having added ma terially in the exploits of the German sea raiders in both the Pacific and the Atlantic. The Spanish, Sayville and Nauen stations are probably the most power ful in the world. They are each sup posed to have a constant transmit ting power of 6,000 miles, ocasionally raised to 7,200 miles. Thte waves ate so powerful that they temporarily par alyze other aerial communications. Waterproofing French Uniforms. In the rainy season, which lasts well into the summer in parts of France and Belgium, the French army author ities faced the necessity of providing an inexpensive and effective means of waterproofing the uniforms of their soldiers. A chemist came to their rescue with the information that the fat extracted from wool while in the process of cleaning it for manufacture would serve their purpose. Experiments proved that the chem ist was right. The waterproofing is done by reducing the wool fat to a liquid by the use of a solvent and di luting it with benzine or naphtha. The garment is soaked in this solution for a few minutes. It dries in a short time. Neither the color of the article nor the fabric is impaired by the treat ment. Cheapest Commodities. There are many opinions, but, next to human life, opinions are the cheapest commodities of these times. As it now stands, human life is the cheapest and the least regarded thing in the world -not only human life as it exists, but human life in the future. Both are held in careless disregard. A rifle has more value than the man who shoots it A high explosive shell 1B worth a hamlet. A battery of guns ls more treasured than a village. "The most important man in the world," said a Russian cabinet min ister to me, "ls the man who can make or supply munitions of war."-Samuel j G. Blythe in the Saturday Evening Post Spoiling Milk. Careless housewives often spoil milk that is delivered to them in prime condition by letting it stand for a long time on the dining table or in a hot kitchen; under such con ditions it spoils quickly. Keep the milk covered so that it cannot be pol luted either hy the filthy fly or by dirt falling into it Growing Russia. From the foundation of the Rus sian Empire at Moscow, about 1500, says Dr. Nansen in his recent book, entitled "Through Siberia, the Land of the Future," Russia has grown at the average rate of 55 square miles a day or 20,000 square miles a year -a territorial increase that is almost without parallel. You Don't Just Like lt After you've worked outdoors long er and harder than ever before to make the whole place more attractive lt isr.'f; iunny to have someone ask, "How'd you get taaned up so, pla? lng tennis?"-Boston Globe. $300,000,000 LOSS IS SEEN Two Million Miles of Unimproved Highways in United States-Farm ers Blamed for Condition. "There aro 6,500,000 farmers in the United States, the most of whom raise something for the market," says the American Highway association. "They have been described by Dr. T. N. Carver, the Harvard university ex pert in economics who was engaged last year by the department of agri culture to draw plans for the organi zation of a rural community, as tem peramentally an independent, head strong, individualistic class, and, therefore, difficult to organize. That they are 'difficult to organize' is evi denced by "he fact that there are 2,000,000 miles of unimproved public roads in the United States over which they must haul their products to mar ket at a loss of approximately $300, 000,000 every year, or about the total assessed value of property, real and personal, in South Carolina. That they are 'independent' of good roads to their own great loss is evidenced hy the enormous waste of both money and muscle in trying to do business without good roads and their appar ent lack of interest in compelling their representatives in legislatures and congress to provide highways for their service. "Good roads are equally necessary to 'both the production and distribu tion of farm products.' 'They are pre requisite,' says Mr. Houston, secre tary of agriculture, in his last annual report, 'not only to economical produc tion and distribution, but to the pro motion of the broader life of commu nities. The great need, obviously, is for roads which will get products from the farm to the nearest railway sta tion, enabling the farmer to haul when ' he cannot sow or reap, and to haul at j a lower rate, to transport his children I to consolidated schools and to enjoy 1 comfortably his social enterprises.' There can be, indeed, no such thing as I community life without good roads. To I assure such life there must be ease of communication and transportation, and, as Doctor Carver expressed it, 'as the characteristic evils of urban life grow out of congestion, so do the characteristic evils of rural life grow out of isolation. Except for a few rare souls, isolation means stagnation.' "As a rule, town schools are better . than country schools because the ' means of transportation, or the streets and roads, are better in the towns ' than in the country. On the so-called 1 great highway between Washington and Richmond there is a stretch of about fifteen miles on which in the fall and winter farm wagons and auto mobiles sink to the hubs and traffic is practically impossible, and this high way between the two capitals must be 1 judged by the soft and not the hard : Subgrade Prepared for Concrete Pave ment. spots. In regions where the roads i have been improved the farmers are ; the most prosperous and community life has been developed. In regions i where the roads have not been im ; proved the schools, the churches and all other civilizing agencies have run j down. "Withir the last few years there have been formed 12,000 or 15,000 as ! sociatiocs of one sort and another i among the farmers, fruit growers and others looking to the economic han dling of their business. But there can bc no adequate co-operation among farmers without the first essential of the best farming success-good public roads. Improved highways mean im proved farming, Increased values of farming lands, improved standards of farming products, improved hanking mean:, and facilities, improved country schools, churches and homes. Without improved public highways there will continue the fearful economic waste which has operated against the pros perity of the farmers and made them the prey of the combinations which have fattened on their spoil." Calf Must Have Roughage. Being a ruminant, the calf will not thrive unless supplied with some roughage, for the stomach needs bulky feeds to develop the capacity and to stait the secretion of the diges tive Juices. A Roup Preventive. We have no cure for roup, but here is a recipe for prevention: Clean quarters, which means free dom "som insect pests, clean floor, new earth if the floor is of dirt, regu lar cleaning, not necessarily daily. A. J. Ren J 4? R E E WEI We h ave the largest assortment of pres ents in every department that we have ever shown. We have ordered largely of Clocks. Watches, Gold and Silver Jewelry, Sterling Silverware, Cut Glass and China. Every de partment is filled. lt matters not what you want we have it or will order it out at once. Come in to see us. We have our entire stock marked very low, much lower than you find the same class of goods elsewhere. 70S Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia HEADQUAETEES FOE We announce to our Edgefield friends that we carry the largest stock of Fresh Fruits, Candies and miscella neous Table Delacacies in Augusta. Come in to see us when in the city California . Fruit. Store Corner Jackson and Ellis Sts. Augusta, Georgia B. B. RUSSELL, Jr R. E. ALLEN SHIP YOUR COTTON TO RUSSELL & ALLEN -(INCORPORATED) Cotton . Factors . and Commission Merchants fonded Warehouses. Liberal Advances Made on Cotton in Storage. AUGUSTA - -.GEORGIA One Experience Convinced Me of its Value "One of our sales men demonstrated the value of the Long Dis tance Telephone to us. He was at Huntsville, Ala.? and upon his own responsibility put in Long Distance calls for fifteen merchants within a radius of several, hundred miles. "In less than one hour he had sold 2100 barrels of flour at a total cost to us of less than six dollars. "Since then we have applied the Long Distance Bell Telephone to everyfeature of our business with most profitable results. The service is fine, the rates are reasonable and there is more satisfaction in one Long Distance Telephone talk than in half a doten letters'* SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY Box 42, Columbia, S. C. VOTAN The wondefully different coffee in the Hermetically Sealed Can SOLD BY Penn & Holstein Oui tar Store Bill Down ?sie Half Tens of thousands of fanners as well as town and city folks cut down their store bills one-half last year and saved money in spite of generally short crops and re duced wages. Absolutely n?T?ons of dollars were saved and countless families lived better llian ever before in the face of thc cotton crisis and general business depression. How were these burdensome store b?3 cut down? By the real money-saving power of good home gardens, rightly planted and kept planted and tended through the season. Hastings 1916 Seed Catalogue tells how to cut store bills down; tells about .gar den and farm seeds of kinds and a qual ity that cannot be bought from your mer chant or druggist. It's full of garden and farm information. It's free if you ask for it Write for it now. R G. HASTINGS CO., Atlanta, Ga.-(Advt.) I Auditor s Notice. All persons owning property of any kind whatsoever, or in any capacity, as husband, ??guardian, executor, ad ministrator or trustees are required to make returns of the same to the Audi tor under oath within the time men tioned below and the Auditor is requir ed by IHW to add a penalty of 50 per cent to all property that is not return on or before the 20th day of February in any, year. All male citizens between the ages of 21 and 60 years except those ex empt by law are deemed taxable polls. The 50 per cent penalty will be added for failure to make returns. For the convenience of tax payers, I or my representative will be at the following appointed places on the dates mentioned to receive tax returns: The office will be open to receive re turns from the first day of January till the 20th day of Feb. 1916, as prescrib ed by law. J. R. TIMMERMAN, Auditor, E. C. S. C. Dec. 8-1915. FIRE INSURAN E Go to see Harling & Byrd Before insuring elsewhere. We represent the best old line com panies Harting S: Byrd At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield Light Saw, Lathe and Shin gle Mills, Engines. Boilers, Supplies and Repairs, Porta ble, Steam and Gasoline En gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts and Pipes, WOOD SAWS and SPLITTERS. GINS and PRESS REPAIRS Try LOMBARD AUGUSTA, GA. Southern Railway Premier Carrier of the South Passenger train schedules, effec tive October 24, 1916. Trains arrive from No. Time 108 Augusta, Trenton 8:20 am 130 Columbia, Trenton 9:40 am 110 Aiken, Augusta 3:00 p m 106 Columbia, Angosta 8:30 pm Trains depart for No. Time 109 Trenton, Colombia ?r20 a m 129 Trenton, Aagweta 9:45 a m 131 Aug-Columbia-Aiken 11:45 a m 107 Augusta, Columbia 7:30 p m Schedules published only as in formation and are not guaranteed. For further information apply to J. A. Tows&htfU), ? Ticket Agent Edgefield S. C. A. H. Coriey, Surgeon Dentist Appointments at Trenton On Wednesdays. BITTERS I??