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TURNING SILAGE INTO BEEF
lt Cannot Be Considered as Substi tute rb*- Other Necessary Materi * als in Animal's Ration. The word ''silage" at one time sug gested only brimming milk pails and big milk checks. Nowadays it is as well a big factor in putting the fin ishing touches on choice sirloin beef. Silos are common in the beef feed ing sections of Wisconsin. The main reason for feeding silage to beef cat , tie is economy of production. It can not be considered as a substitute for other necessary materials in the ra tion, according to J. L. Tormey, Col lege of Agriculture, University of Wis consin, who gives a few suggestions as to the feeding of silage for beef production under local conditions. "Clover or alfalfa hay should be fed along with the silage in the win ter. If clover or alfalfa hay is not obtainable, use timothy or mixed hay. In addition to the corn silage and hay allowance, about three or four pounds of cottonseed meal for each 1,000 pounds of live weight of the animal should be fed dally. "Two-year-old steers weighing about 1,000 pounds may he started on about 20 to 25 pounds of silage, 6 to 8 pounds of clover or alfalfa hay, and 5 to 6 pounds of a mixture consisting of six parts of corn to one part cottonseed meal by weight daily. In a period of two weeks the cattle may be brought up to full rations, if care fully watched. At this time they will eat about 15 to 20 pounds of silage, 5 to G pounds of hay and 12 to 14 pounds of grain mixture daily. "As cottonseed meal is rather high priced this year, wheat bran or glu ten feed may be used instead with al most as good results and at a saving in cost of production." OIL ON THE TROUBLED HOGS Solution of Dipping Problem Solved Much Added to the Generai Health of the Animals. Oiling hogs when and where the j hog desires has been found to be the i proper solution of the dipping prob- | lem and adds much to the general ! health of the hog. We have presented several of these devices for oiling J hogs to our readers, all of which are | Automatic Hog Oiler. being manufactured in increasing ? numbers to meet the popular demand for something of the kind. Here is one that works on a little different principle than the others. As the hog rotates the barrel of the cylindri cal stem the knobs hit the trip and a 1 little oil is released to run down to j the hog's hide. The slope of and angle at which the "post" stands makes it possible for the hog to get oil on any part of its body-top, bottom, sides or ends.-Farming Business. BUILDING D0G-PR00F FENCE ! Most Economically Constructed by Setting Posts Ten Feet Apart Put Barbed Wire First. A dog-proof fence can be economic filly built in the following manner: Posts are set ten to twelve feet apart and a barbed wire is first stapled to them right on the surface of the ground. Three inches above this is placed a pansl of close-woven wire, 3G inches high, and about this two strands cf ordinary barbed wire. Care should be taken to see that there are no openings between the ground and the lowest barbed wire. An inclosure mad? ia this manner, into which sheep may be turned at night, is inexpensive, and dogs will not go through it. Most of the damage by dogs is done at night. New Feed for Stock. The stock melon, which is a cross between citron and watermelon, is being fed to stock in the Kansas and Oklahoma experiment stations for ex perimental purposes. The fruit has somewhat the appearance of a water melon. The flesh is solid and lacks sweetness. Prevention ls Cheapest. Have little bedding in the pen at farrowing. Wait until the pigs get large enough to take caro of them selves beiore bedding heavily. Have the pen ??ry and clean and keep it thus, "lake lib?rai use of the well known disinfectants. Prevention is cheaper tLan cure. HIS VISION OF FUTURE CITY French Architect Sees Great Change? to Be Brought About in the Years to Come. At a recent gathering of world-re nowned architects Edouard Henard, architect for the city of Paris, pre sented a paper which included a num ber of novel suggestions as to the re quirements in the city plan of the fu ture. He predicted that public service within the next quarter of a century will include many details not yet even under consideration. Mose of these are to he supplied by tube and pro vision for a perfect network of serv ice tubes must be made in city plan ning. They would seriously interfere with present arrangements. Vacuum cleaning may be one of these and it will require a pipe from every house for the pneumatic dust removal which will be regarded as an essential part of public health work. As the uses of cold air increase, oth er tubes will supply it to lower the temperature as desired and for the distribution of fresh air from the sea or the mountains. Mr. Henard empha sized the feasibility of this fresh air supply a? a health measure, because of the fact that a meter of fresh air 'from a nearby street contained 6,000 disease germs, while the same amount from the mountains or the sea need contain almost none. As coal oil is largely used for fuel purposes in Paris and is productive of less smoke and dust than other fuels, he suggests the possibility of an oil pipe service for all residences similar to the gas pipes now in use. The old idea that the street should be level with the ground may in fu ture be considered erroneous. It should be sufficiently above the sur face it is held, to give room for all these service utilities between it and the ground. The adjacent houses should have basement floors. The sidewalks and roadways should be built like continuous substantial bridges, which after proper construc tion, would not need to be meddled with except for repairs They should be supported by walls of masonry par allel to the adjacent houses and on a level with the second story. Such a plan would make the modern city street two storied, the upper part for pedestrians and light weight vehicles, the lower for service and heavy traffic. This arrangement has already been introduced in Chicago for traffic between the railway sta tions and certain private warehouses. Re-enforced concrete roots, Mr. He nard holds, will provide gardens and also landing places for the aeroplanes which will come into more general use. Garages and hangars will be available below the surface and great elevators will lift these machines from their subterranean quarters as desired. The beginning of these innovations is said to be already in sight. At least one large American hotel has already provided a roof landing for aeroplanes. New York has now a public play ground and garden built upon bridge trestling fifty feet from '.ie ground. BEST TREES FOR THE STREET Selection Should by No Means Bc Al lowed to Be a Mere Matter of Haphazard. As to the planting of street trees it is well before coning to any definite decision to study the special situation carefully and to consult a reliable nur seryman and then plant with a fixed determination to gh'e each tree every possible chance to make good, which means protection from insects, giving water when needed, insisting that drivers do not leave their horses near the trees where they can gnaw the bark, and last but not least, seeing that the trees have an occasional prun ing. The following is a list of th3 best standard street trees: Rock and Norway Maples, the foliage turning a rich gold and crimson in tho au tum ; American Ash, which has beau tiful compound foliage, dark green above and lighter beneath, and turns from green to. yellow and then to a purplish tint in the autumn; English Elm, which is very ornamental and re tains its leaves longer than any other variety in tue autumn, but which! should be protected by spraying from : the gypcy moth and elm beetles; j American Linden, which Howers in ! Juiy, but as tho blossoms arc small ? the falling petals do not litter the j ground; Ginkgo, a Japanese tree, grow ing to a height of some forty to sixty feet and robust enough to endure gen eral city planting; Sycamore and Ori ental Plane, the latter a rapid grower and singularly free from insects. Thc Blue Gum tree may be also added to the list in southern climates. Many Mislaid Articles. Protectors against rain seem to be the most easily forgotten impedimenta that the traveler carries. During a re cent week 157 articles were left in trains of the Chicago & Northwestern railway. Of these, 34 were umbrellas and 15 were raincoats. These articles were probably carried by unusually forehanded travelers, but doubtless the cJour!d cleared off and the careful citizens became preoccupied in fair weather thoughts. SPRAYING FOR CODLING MOTH Insect That Causes Wormy Apple* May .Be Controlled by Application of Arsenate of Lead., . (By LEONARD HASEMAN, University^ of Missouri, Collego o? Agriculture.) u The codling moth is the insect that usually causes wormy apples. /.The adults appear in spring about the time the apple trees are in'bloom, and they remain for several weeks. They deposit their eggs on the snjpoth Fig. 1-Sprayed Tree Bore Four B?r^ j reis of Apples, 87.3 Per cent Mar ketable. surfaces of the leaves near the fruit and at times on the stems of the young fruit. The eggs hatch in a few days and the larvae of this first brood usually crawl to the blossom end of the apple and eat their way In. When the larva (worm) is full grown it eat3 its way out of the apple and goes into the pupa stage under any kind of rub bish or rough bark. The adult emerges, giving us the second brood, beginning about six or seven weeks after the bloom falls. i The best spray for codling moth is arsenate of lead. Arsenate of lead paste should be used at a strength of about two and one-half pounds to 50 gallons of water. Since the insect eats its way into the blossom end, it is very important that the calyx (blos som end) he filled with the poison. \ The parts of the calyx close over the calyx tube about seven days aftervUhe bloom falls, so it is very important i that the calyx tube be fl?od with the | I spray before this time since it would not penetrate afterwards. The thor- , oughness of this spraying will largoly determine the effectiveness of our sea- I j son's work. In some states a single very thorough spraying is all that is used on the apple orchard in one sea- j ; son, though it has been found in this j ; section that two or three sprayings Fig. 2-Unsprayed Tree Bore One Bar- j rel of Fruit, 12.7 per Cent Market- j able-Note Scanty Foliage. will better control the codling moth. The first one is given as mentioned j above within seven days after the bloom falls; the second in about two or three weeks and the third usually early in July, or about six or seven weeks after the bloom falls. TO DESTROY GRAPE INSECTS Flea-Beetle and Leaf-Hopper as Adults Spend the Winter Under Old Trash and Fallen Leaves. Several grape insects winter among the fallen grape leaves in trash in vineyards and much may be done to destroy them if the trash be raked together and burned. Such work will be of value against the grape-berry moth and the grape ieaf folder, which hibernate in the pupal condition in the fallen grape leaves. The grapevine flea-beetle and the grape leaf-hopper spend the winter as adults under trash of ?all kinds in and about vineyards, and the destruction of trash as indicated will expose them to adverse climatic conditions. HOW TO CURE COLDS Avoid exposure and drafts. Ea right. Take Dr. Kind's New Dis covery. It is prepared frum Pin? Tar, bealiug balms and mild laxa uves. Dr. King's New Discovery kills and expels the cold germs, soothes the irritated throat and al lays inflammation, li h-als th( .iiui'uu? in eui b ra ne. Sea ri ii as you \yili,you cannot hud -a belter vougl ?ind cold n'medy. Its use id yean is a guara t i of satisfaction. A all Drill?LM>t<. 2 What Splendid Light the RAYO Gives! ITS glow is so soft and bright that you can read all evening without tiring your eyes. The Lamp is the most popular kerosene lamp ever made. -because it gives a clear, powerful, mellow light -because it is easy to clean and light -because it is durable, good looking and economical Use Aladdin Security Oil or Diamond White Oil to obtain best results in OH Stoves, Lampsand Heaters, The Rayo is only one of our many products that bring comfort and economy to the farm. Matchless Liquid Gloss Standard Hand Separator Oil Parowax Eureka Harness Oil Mica Axle Grease If your dealer does not carry these, write to our nearest station. STANDARD OIL COMPANY iNew Jersey) BALTIMORE Washington. D. C. Charlotte. N. C Norfolk. Va. Charleston. W. Va. Richmond. Va. Charleston, S. G. Make the Old Suits Look New Wy art- Inlier prepared than ever to do first-class work in cleaning and press ing or all kinds. Make your (dd pants or MUl new by let ing us clean anti press them. Ladies skirts and suits al so cleaned and pressed. Sat isfaction guaranteed. Speeiil attention, tiv TI to La dies' Silk Waists mid Skirts. Edgefield Pressing Club WALLACE HARRIS, PROP. SHEPPARD BUILDING How To Give Quinine To Children FEBRILINBis the trade-mark name given to ai improved Quinine, ft is a Tasteless Syrup, plea: ant to take and does not disturb the stomach Children take it and never know it is Quinine Also especially adapted to adults who canno take ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate no: cause nervousness nor ringing: in the head. Tr; it the next time you need Quinine for any pur pose. Ask for 2-ounce original package. Thi ?ame F EB RI LINE is blown in bottle. 25 cenU Whenever You Need a General Toni? Take Grove's The Old Standard Grove's Tastelesi chill Tonic is equally valuable as f General Tonic because it contains the well known tonic properties of QUININE and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drive.? out Malaria, Enriches the Blood ant Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents. Cos7rieht 1909, by C. E. Zimmcman Co --rio. 44 F all the unhappy homes, not one in a hundred has a bank account arid not one home in a hundred who has a bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy matter to start a bank account. BANK OF EDGEFIELD OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President E. J. Minis, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier. DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen. J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas. FARMERS. MERCHANTS, BUILDERS, If you are going to build, remodel or repair, we invile your inquiries. COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY. We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures, pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber, lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling and siding. Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane. Woodard Lumber Co. AUGUSTA, jGEORGIA. Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets, Our Motto: ? TMIIW-HT"IP'" ,L-"'!U ? -M^MM-iii ^mMWh VOTAN TEA The Tea of Marked Distinctiveness A reason for it being handled by us \ exclusively Penn & Holstein THE FARMERS BANK OF EDGEFIELD, S. C. Capital and Surplus Profits.$120,000.00 Total Assets Over.$403,000.00 STATE, COUNTY AND TOWN DEPOSITORY Does a General Banking- Business. Offers its Services to You as a Safe Guardian and Depository for Your Money. Invest in One of Our Certificates of/Deposits Bearing Intereit. It is a better investment for you than a mortgage of real estate. You do not have to consult an attorney about titles. It does not shrink in value like lands and houses. You do not have to insure against fire. Finally you do not have to employ an attorney to foreclose to get your money. You can get your interest and principal the day it falls due. Safety is the First Consideration in Placing Your Earnings. FARM LOANSI Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty. ? . . ; ?i Your farm land accepted as security WITHOUT ENDORSER or other COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in de nominations of Three Hundred and up. Established 1892. JAS. FRANK & SON, Augusta, Ga.