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I wish, I can, I will, are the three
trumpet notes to victory.
Happiness ls a fact, not an attain
ment, lt comes from within, not from
The wholesome cheese is a food m
itself and when combined with vege
tables makes a
move the heart
and outer leaves
from a small head
of cabbage. Cook
until tender in
boiling, salted water, uncovered.
Drain and cut down the sides, fill with
cheese sauce. Sprinkle with buttered
crumbs and brown in the oven.
Cheese Sauce.-Add a tablespoonful
of butter to two of flour and cook until
smooth, then add a cupful of milk, a
dash of red pepper, a half teaspoonful
of salt and a cupful of dry grated
cheese. Pour at once into and around
the cabbage. Do not cook after the
cheese is added or it will become
A cheese to be right for cooking,
such as rarebits, and fondues, should
be smooth and melt when pressed
against the roof of the mouth; feel
smooth and without grains.
Bean and Cheese Roast.-Put a can
of kidney beans through a meat grind
er. Add an eighth of a teaspoonful
each of mace and pepper, a teaspoon
ful of salt, half a clove of garlic, ?
cupful of grated cheese and half of
a green pepper, chopped; add bread
crumbs so that the mixture may be
formed into a roll. Bake in a mod
erate oven. Serve hot or cold. Fine
for a sandwich filling. If served hot,
horse-radish sauce is good.
Horse-Radisb Sauce.-Take a half
cupful of grated horse-radish root, one
and a half cupfuls of milk, two tea
spoonfuls of sugar and a third of a
cupful of soft bread crumbs; cook to
gether twenty minutes in a double
boiler, then add three tablespoonfuls
of butter, a half teaspoonful each of
salt and cinnamon. Serve hot
Cheese With Rice.-Take a cupful
of cooked rice, add a half teaspoonful
of salt, and a cupful and a third of
grated cheese, a half cupful of hot
milk, then add four egg yolks beaten
thick and fold in the stiffly-beaten
whites. Pour into a buttered baking
dish and bake in a moderate oven.
Serve as soon as firm.
There is no medicine equal to a mer
ry laugh-weil mixed with fresh air.
One secret of success-stick-to-it-ive
Tallow of beef or suet is too har?
to use for shortening in ! a general
way; but if tried
out and mixed with
equal quantities of
lard it will be soft
enough to use for
Cottonseed oil with
suet has been used
with good results,
pouring in equal quantities of the oil
when the fat is still hot. This fat is
especially good for deep frying.
A five or ten cent dish mop makes
a fine mop or duster to use to dust
down the hardwood stairs, or to clean
out the spiral springs of the bed.
Treat the mop to a bath of kerosene
and it will catch and hold the dust.
This same dish mop can be useful
in keeping the sink and bathtub
clean. Dip it in a cup of kerosene
and it will remove all the dirt quick
ly, doing away with the scouring proc
An ordinary carpet sweeper, if
dampened with water before using
will take up the dust with less dust
left in the air.
When washing windows add a little
ammonia to the water instead of soap,
the glass will be clearer.
Cellar or attic stairs which are dark
should have the top and bottom
stair painted white; this will prevent
A heavy piece of sheet iron on the
top of a gas stove will be found a
great convenience. Foods will sim
mer and plates and dishes may be
kept warm for serving.
When ink gets thick in the ink
well dilute with strong coffee instead
of water, the ink will be better.
Stick pins through the corkB of bot
tles containing poison and keep the
bottles by themselves, then they will
never be taken by mistake.
Soft corns may be permanently
cured by the use of talcum powder
and a small wedge of tissue paper ts
keep the toes apart. Moisture is the
caure- of soft corns.
Use a small blackboard eraser to
clean the stove. Dip it in parafln oil
and it will keep the stove clean and
A wire hairpin makes a fine cherry
pltter, a new one may be kept for
Just such purpose.
PLAN FOR HARD-SHELL EGGS
Mineral Elements Necessary Are
Available in Much Cheaper Form
Than in Feeding Grains.
The feeding of hens for the produc
tion of hard-shelled eggs, not easily
breakable in handling, is possible and
demands attention. Shells vary great
ly in strength. A strong, heavy shell
is not nearly so likely to be broken
by the jars, jolts and rough handling
incident to ordinary shipment as a
Chemical analysis shows that the
shell of the egg is largely carbonate
of lime, but that it also contains car
bonate of magnesia, mineral phosphate
and some organic matter. If strong
shells are to be produced, the mineral
elements must not be lacking. Grains
that are ordinarily fed do not con
tain these mineral elements in suffi
cient proportions, and an additional
and separate supply is necessary. For
tunately, these mineral elements are
available in much cheaper forms than
in grains. Lime is the principal in
gredient of oyster shells. Iron, mag
nesia and often phosphorus in many
kinds of artificial grit, may be pro
cured for about the same price, while
these elements in grain would cost at
least double these figures.
Bone meal contains phosphorus in
appreciable amounts, besides lime,
magnesia, etc, and while expensive, it
is effective in giving the shell an even
ness and fineness of texture which
adds much to its strength. It is, there
fore, often used as an ingredient for
dry mashes for laying flocks, usually
in amount varying from three to five
Eggs that won't break give the
poultryman greater profits than eggs
that will. Make your hens lay the non
FEATHER DUSTER AS BROODER
Feathers Are Arranged in Center of
Box to Take Place of Those of
the Mother Hen.
A very effective brooder can be
made of an old feather duster hung
in a box so that the tips of the feath
ers will come close to the bottom. The
brooder consists of a wood box a'DOUt
one foot high. This cover is removed,
and a hole out in the center to receive
the shank of the duster after cutting
Feather Duster Brooder.
its handle off, writes William T. Millab
or Roslindale, Mass., in Popular Me
chanics. This makes an excellent sub
stitute for the feathers of the 'nen.
Some finely cut hay, or sand, is placed
beneath so as to bring tho level up
sufficiently for the chicks to run
among the feathers. For ventilation,
bore some holes in the sides of the
box near the top and cut a small open
ing for an entrance. For convenience
in cleaning, the cover should be
WINTER FEED FOR THE HEMS
Warm, Soft Mashes Sometimes Have
Effect of Making Fowls I azy
Peed Sparingly in Morning.
Amateurs sometimes are puzzled to
know how much to feed when throw
ing grain in the litter and are prone
to overfeed, making it so easy for the
hens to fill their crops that they will
not work long. If a dry mash is kept
before the hens at all times, the
poultrykeeper may comfort himself
with the thought that his birds need
never go hungry even if they have
difficulty in finding the grain they
need to satisfy themselves.
The use of warm, soft mashes some
times has the effect of making hens
lazy. If a heavy feeding of mash is
given in the morning, the hens will
fill up on that and then stand around
for several hours. If the amount of
mash is made so small that their hun
ger is not satisfied, .no damage will
A mash at the close of day is not
advisable, but it may be given an hour
or two before roosting time and fol
lowed with a feeding of whole corn.
The corn will almost always be eaten,
in Bitte of the mash feed just con
suiid, and the hens will go to roost
wiUi full crops, the digestion of the
two kinds of feed taking a long time.
Demand for Hen Turkeys.
In marketing turkeys the hen tur
key is more in demand than the male
turkey. The market likes medium
sized turkeys. On some markets a 15
pound turkey or over must await spe-.
cial customers, but a 10-pound turkey
finds a ready buyer.
Cure Feather-Eating Habit.
A feather-eater is seldom a male
oird, but he suffers most from feather
eating hens. Burning the end of the
bill, a cruel method, is recommended
as a cure; also adding a teaspoonful
of salt to each two quarts of meat
CAUSES FOR SMALL LITTERS
One Reason Which Contributes to
Trouble More Than Any Other ls
Breeding Young Sows.
"Can you tell me why my brood
sows only bring between three and six
pigs per litter?"
Replying to this question Prof. G.
W. Barnes, live stock specialist of the
University of Arizona agricultural ex
tension service, says:
"If you have studied hog conditions
in the United States you will find that
about four pigs per litter is the aver
age; and I can point to you men in
Arizona who are actually raising for
market two and three pigs to the lit
Well-Developed Sow With Profitable
ter, yet the cost of maintenance of
the brood sow is practically the same
whether she brings two pigs or ten
pigs per litter, which means that the
farmers are losing a large percentage
of profit by keeping such brood sows
in their herds.
"There are several reasons why
brood sows bring small litters, and I
firmly believe that the one which con
tributes to the trouble more than any
other is the practice of breeding sows
too young. It is no uncommon thing
to find sows weighing less than one
hundred pounds with pigs. Usually
you find them with only two pigs. The
young sows which you intend to keep
for brood sows should never be bred
under nine months of age, and it is
much better to wait until they are
twelve or fourteen months old. Then
if they are not full developed, wait a
few months longer. Your brood sow
is good for six or eight years, and, if
by waiting a few months in the be
ginning before starting her on her life
work, you can increase the size of her
litters, you have certainly made good
wages for those months. Another
thing which contributes to no slight
extent to cause small litters is th?
lack of exercise.
WEANLING PIGS GROW FAST
Greatest Gains for Feed Consumed
Are Made In Early Life-Lard
Hogs Becoming Unpopular.
The prevalent opinion seems to be
that swine were designed to eat up
the corn crop and grow into 300
pound porkers. Under certain cir
cumstances there is a better profit in
celling weanlings than in feeding
'.hem up to tho usual market weights.
Exact trials at many experiment
ctations show that the greatest gains
for feed consumed are made in early
life and that as the animals grow old
er it takes more feed to produce a
pound of pork.
The sucking pig grows very fast
pad converts nearly all of its rations
tito meat. If the sow is fed liberally
she, too, will make some gains while
supporting her brood. The weanling
weighing 25 to 40 pounds is almost
clear gain and will often bring ten
cents a pound at this age.
On the same principle the 150-pound
pig will make more profitable re
turns on feed consumed than if left
until it weighs 250 pounds. There is
an increasing number of farmers who
prefer to sell light "bacon hogs" and
fewer who continue to feed "lard
hogs" up to the extra fat classes that
were popular a score of years ago.
GOOD VENTILATION FOR HOGS
Frequently When Shed ls Closed Ani
mals Become Heated and Must
Inhale Impure Air.
Of little less importance than the
ventilation of this year's crop of corn
Is that of securing proper ventilation
for the animals that eat it, according
to the Nebraska College of Agricul
ture. This ?B particularly true of
Frequently when the Bhea 1B closed
tightly the hogs will become heat
ed, as well as be obliged to Inhale
impure nir. Such hogs, on being ex
posed to cold air, are likely to be
come susceptible to disease, espe
cially pneumonia and so-called hog
Noose vs. Halter.
A rope with a noose In it is some
what cheaper to tie an animal with
than a good halter, but if the noose
happens to slip, or the animal gets
into some unusual position which
draws tho rope tight enough to choke
the animal to death, the halter proves
a whole lot cheaper in the end.
Dangers of Draft.
Drafts feel best when we are hot
and perspiring, just when they are
most dangerous and the result is
Neuralgia, Stiff Neck, Sore Muscles
or sometimes an attack of Rheuma
tism. In such cases apply Sloan's
Liniment. It stimulates circulation
to the sore and painful part. The
olood flows freely and in a short
lime the stiffness and pain leaves.
Those suffering from Neuralgia or
Neuralgic Headache will find one
or two applications of Sloan'? Lini
ment will give grateful relief. The
agonizing pain ?jives way to a ting
ling sensation of comfort and
warmth and quiet rest and sleep is
possible. Good for Neuritis too.
Price 25c. at your Druggist. 1
The re are considerable losses by
fire everywhere. Over six thousand
in ray agency during the three and a
half months of this year already.
Nearly all of this is in the country.
Have had several fires in town, but
having many people to bein extin
guish them my town losses have not
been over $500.00 this year. I now
have four good fire insurance com
panies, though they "dread the fire,"
and are careful and particular as to
what they insure.
What insurance they do permit
me to write, I know is good. These
companies are: The South Carolina
of Columbia, Southern Home of
.Charleston, Southern Stock Fire In
surance Company and Southern Un
derwriters of N. C. I have known
these old line companies for years
and know they are reliable. They
all write town property, and some
of them, write country property
where occupied by the owners,
where not mortgaged, and where the
stove flues are of brick laid FLAT,
and the dwollings have a value suf
ficient to warrant a thousand dollars
insurance or more-say worth >!2,000
and up. I could write all classes of
property in Mail Order companies,
but the brokers representing them
say they do not guarantee the pay
ment of policy in case of a fire.
Drop me a card.
E. J. NORRIS.
The PRUDENTIAL still has the
Strength of Gibraltar. In addition
lo their unusually low rates, they are
now making these rates still lower
by giving extra and free annual div
idends. Besides, they give free the
liability provision, which provides
that in case you are totally disabled
you are excused from paying tho
premiums, though your insurance
Do you know of anything on
earth as good as this for Life Insur
ance? No restrictions except sui
cide for the first year. No here
after except your death and the
company's check. I don't know of
anything in life insurance as good
We have a policy which pays
your beneficiary $25.00 per month
for twenty years, and one that pays
the same amount as long a benefi
ciary may live.
Drop rae a postal.
E. J. NORRIS, A?t
I desire to notify my friends and
the public generally that I am agent
for the National Monument, Tomb
stone and Mausoleum Company of
Canton, Ga., and solicit your orders.
This company is localed near the
marble * and granite quarries of
Georgia, and is in a position to
make very low prices on all classes
of work. I shall be glad to call
and see any one interested.
J. F. PARDUE,
Colliers, S. C.
April 12, 11)10.
SCHOLARSHIP and ENTRANCE
The examination for the award of
vacant scholarships in Winthrop
College and for the admission of
new students will be held at the
County Court House ou Friday,
July 7, at 9 a. m. Applicants must
not be less than sixteen years of
age. When Scholarships are va
cant after July 7 they will be award
ed to those making the highest
average at this examination, provi
ded they meet the conditions gov
erning the award. Applicants for
Scholarships should write to Presi
dent Johnson before the examina
tion for Scholarship examination
Scholarships are worth ?100 and
free tuition. The next session will
open September 20, 1916. For
further information and catalogue,
Address Pres. D. B. Johnson, Rock
Hill, S. C.
BITTERS) Family Medicine.
Corjri?ht 1909, bj C. E. Zimmerman Co--.No. 4*
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy, it seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard. President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
How to Grow E
of Superb Fruit
YOU need this practical, expert information. Whether
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with facts that will interest and in?truct of leading fruits nil through the book,
you-facts about bow fruit-growers Send for your copy today to
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Cash Counts With Us
We are showing an at 11 ac t i veil i n e of spring goods in
every department. Evervthingfis new-not a piece of
merchandise in the stock thatjis not fresh from the
See our beautiful wash broods for waists and dresses. All the
new weaves in the popular colors.
Our notion sto^k is up to the minute. Nothing has been omit
ted. Come in and let us show you.
We call especial attention to our Shoes, Slippers and Oxfords.
All of the late styles in the popular leathers, with prices very rea
Do not fail to come in to see us. We can save you
J. W. PEAK
THE FARMERS BANK OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits.$120,000.00
Total Assets Over.$400,000.00
STATE, COUNTY AND TOWN DEPOSITORY j
Does a General Banking Business. Offers its Services to You as a Safe I
Guardian and Depository for Your Money.
Invest in One of Our Certificates of Deposits Bearing Interest.
It is a better investment for you than a mortgage of real estate.
You do not have to consult an attorney about titles. It does not shrink
in value like lands and houses. You do not have to insure against fire.
Finally you do not have to employ an attorney to foreclose to get your
money. You can get your interest and principal the day it falls due.
Safety is the First Consideration in Placing Your Earnings.