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RED SPIDER PEST
IDEAL SPRAYING OUTF
iirepired by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Diminutive mites, known as red
spiders, which gather on cotton leaves
io multitudes and suck the plant
juicts, constitute one of the little un
'ersrood but serious pests in cotton
i-owing regions of .the southeastern
states, according to a recent study
male by the United States department
of Agriculture. Because ot the small
ness of the insects and the effects of
their attacks on the appearance of the
leaves, many planters believe that the
spider-Infested fields are suffering from
ni?t. The removal of the juices from
Vtfe leaves causes them first to redden
or turn a rusty yellow over the entire
surface, and ultimately to dry up lind
drop. As a result of the loss of foliage,
the plants shed many bolls sud the
yields from the affected fields are
therefore mater.*illy reduced.
To prevent injury to cotton from
this cause the department of agricul-.
ture, recommends, hi Farmers' Bulle
tin 73T), by E. A. McGregor, the de
struction of all weeds around the farm
*> '< Ak s - ? 3?\ - \
'?f~ .. ? '
Example of Spider's Work.
during the winter and early spring, the
spraying of certam cultivated plants
around dwellings, the' maintenance of
0 finely pulverized surface soil in the
cotton field, the destruction by plow
ing up and buming of plants or areas
that become Infested early, and finally*
spraying If the infestation becomes
The red spider may ravage cotton
fields at any time from the middle of
June to the middle of September. Cer
tain fields are infested while others in
the Immediate vicinity remain quite
free. The total extent of the Injury,
however, is likely to be very serious.
HORSES DO NOT SWEAT
Unfortunate Condition Renders
Many Animals Useless.
Hot Sun Beating Upon Skin Prevents
Glands From Performing Func
tions-Give Water and Rest
(By W. H. DALRYMPLE. Louisiana Ex
The veterinary department receives
frequent inquiries, during the summer
months, concealing horses that do not
seem to sweat when at work, either in
the field or on the road. This is an
unfortunate condition which renders
many a good animal more or less use
less while it lasts, hut one that little
can be done for, so long as the cause
is present, viz., the rays of the hot
summer sun beating down upon the ex
Of course r-11 horses do not suffer In
this way, and it is probable, we think,
shut native-born animals are much
less susceptible than those from other ?
sections of the country.
Authorities name this condition
"thermotnxlc neurosis," which means,
when translated, interference with the
heat-regulating apparatus through
temporary paralysis of the nerve sup
ply to the sweat glands. Or, in other
.words, the hot sun beating upon the
skin prevents the sweat glands from
performing their function, resulting In
the dryness of the skin. On the other
hand, it may be observed, in the same
animal, that the parts of the skin pro
tected by the harness will be found to
be moist from perspiration ; and on
cloudy days, when the sun has been
obscured, sweating may be found more
or less general.
The sun, therefore, ls the active
cause of this condition; and while lt
mny be possible to relieve it, tempor
arily. hy? treatment, as soon as the ani
mal Is again exposed to the heat rays
of thc sun, lt Is liable to a recurrence
of the trouble.
Knowing the cause of this condition,
therefore, the most reasonable method
of treatment, In animals that are foin
IT FOR LARGE AREA.
In 1012, for example, two-fifths of the
cotton crop in South Carolina was
damaged by this insect.
The great mass of red spiders pass
the ^vlnter on wild plants. With the
first warm days in the spring they be
gin to multiply with great rapidity
and it becomes necessary for them to
seek new feeding grounds. They at
tack whatever weeds and garden plants
they may meet and ultimately find their
way Into the cotton fields. In the late
fall when cotton is no longer available
for them, the spiders migrate again to
the wild plants which are frequently
found in the borders of fields, and it
has been ascertained that in many
cases they infest violet beds. Alto-!
gether, this insect has been found1
breeding on nearly 200 species of J
plants, the most common of which aro ;
cotton, cultivated violet, sow thistle, j
hollyhock, dahlia, garden beans, corn, |
tomato, onion, carnation, sweet p?a,
hedge / nettle, nasturtium, morning
glory, clover, wild vetch, Ironweed. I
Jerusalem oak, wild geranium, evening .
primrose, pokeweed and strawberry.
Immunity From Pest.
Many of these plants are useless
weeds which can well be destroyed.
Where this has been done in and
around cotton fields. It has been found :
: in several instances that complete im- j
rnunity from the pest has been en
I Joyed the following season. Many1
j cases of cotton infestation, from the
! red spider, however, can be traced to
j cultivated plants In nearby dooryards,
i Such plants should be examined close*
j ly and, sprayed as soon as they show
any signs of infestation. The govern
ment investigators have tested a large
number of spray combinations in their
work against the red spider and have
found that the following are thorough
ly satisfactory: I
(1) potassium sulphide, (1 ounce to 2
gallons of water) ; (2) lime-sulphur
(homemade or commercial) ; (3) kero
sene emulsion (prepared according to
usual formula) ; (4) flour-paste solu- ;
rion (1 gallon of stock paste to 12 gal
lons of water). Any one of these!
sprays if properly applied will kill all |
the mites, but a second spraying one
week later is necessary to kill the in
sects thut were in the egg stage at the
first spraying. It is also of the utmost |
importance to remember that the mire :
spends its life on the under side of the j
leaves. The entire under side of eve?y |
leaf of an infested plant, therefore,
must be hit by the spray in order ta j
accomplish the desired result. Ar- j
senical sprays are of no use ugainst i
pelled to work, would be to use them < ]
as carefully as possible; water them I j
frequently and permit them to rest at ! |
frequent intervals during the hot 11
weather. I !
The rapid breathing seen in this ?
condition is due to the lungs having 1
to do double work on account of the I
inactivity of the skin and not being ^
able to throw off its usual share of
As soon ns the cooler wenther sets
in tlie trouble generally ceases.
CEMENT TUE FOR DRAINAGE
They Have Advantage Where Fire Clay
ls Not Obtainable-Best Mix
ture for Small Pieces.
During the last decade cement tile
have come to be used extensively for
drainage purposes. They have an ad
vantage where fire clay is not obtain^
uble within a reasonable distance. The
mixture which is found most satisfac
tory for smaller sizes is four parts
of clean, shurp sand to one of cement-.
For larger sizes, a slightly rich mix
ture is preferred. Cemeut tile should
be made of a,uniform, first-class mix
ture, should be well cured uud should
be dense. Such tile should be care
fully cured and if well made will last
Where freight is an Important item ?
the farmer should choose whatever he t
can secure the cheapest, whether red [
or cement tile, provided he can get t
good, strong tile and get the breakage 0
refunded. Certain alkali salts cause
cement to deteriorate and In Irrigat- z
ed districts some precautions should '
be taken to determine the character j
of alkali before cement tile can be r
safely used. p
WORK HORSES NEED WATER
While Animal Is Working Water in %
Small Quantities Will Not Hurt
Him In Any Way.
Water your horse as often as possi
ble. So long as a horse is working,
water in small quantities will not hurt
him. But let bim drink only a few
swallows If he ls going to stand still.
Do not fall to water him at night
after he has eaten bia hay.
Bank of Parksville
Capital $18,000 00
Pays Five Per Cent, oi im?
Certificates of Deposits
We have all the resources of
this biff country behind us to
lend yon money to the extent of
We are Conservative
We are Safe
I (Hipest Awawty,
? ?iven fcfr
I at tire Panama
I Pacific Exposition!
I Was granted fo
Superiority of Educational Merit
This new creation answers with
final authority all kinds of puzzling
questions such as "How is Przemysl
pronounced?" "Where is Flan
ders f " "What is a continuous voy
age?" "Wh&lis^howitzer?" "What
is white coal?" "How is skat pro
nounced?" and thousands of others.
More than 400,000 Vocabulary Terras.
30,000 Geographical Subjects. 12,000
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trations. 2700 Pages. .The only diction
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The County Treasurer's office will be
open for the purpose of receiving taxes
fi om the 15th day of October, 1916, to
the 15th day of March, 1917.
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October, 1916,
md Decemher 31st, 1916.
That when taxes charged shall not be
paid by December31st, 1916, the County
Auditor shall proceed to add a penalty
if one per cent, for January, and if
taxes are not paid on or before Feb
mary 1st, 1917, the County Auditor
ivill proceed to add two per cent., and
.ive per cent, from the 1st of March to
the 15th of March, af ter which time all
jnpaid tAxes "yvi J i be Collected by the
The tax levies for the year 1916 are
For State purposes
" Ordinary County
" Constitutional School Tax
" Bacon School District
" Flat Kock '
" Oak Grove
" Red Hill
" School Building
'* Elmwood No. 8
" Elmwood No. 9
" Elmwood No. 30
. . Elmwood L. C.
" M en we tlier (Gregg)
" Wards i
" Blocker R. R. (portion)
" Elmwood R. R. (portion) .
" Johnston R. R.
" Pickens R. R.
'* Wise R. R.
" Corporatons and;'R. R.
All the male citizens between the
tges of 21 years and 60 years, except
hose exempt by law, are liable to a
joli tax of One Dollar each. A capita
ion tax of 5D cents each is to be pa<d
m all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male citi
ens between the ages of 18 and 55
rears must pay $2.00 commutation tax
.r work six days on the public roads.
is this is optional with the individual,
io commutation tax is included in the
troperty tax. So ask for road tax re
eipt when you desire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MIMS,
Co Treas. E. C.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
On Wedni lays.
Every home is constantly needing new furniture, and this is the best season
to supply that need. We buy all or our furniture from the factory in car lots,
hence we buy to the best possible advantage and give our customers the'benefit
of the low prices thus secured.
It matters not what you want, whether bed-room
suit, parlor suit, dining-room set, wardrobe, hat
rack, table, rockers or chairs, come in and let us
We extend a special invitation to our Edgefieid friends to call when in the
? . /
Our farmer friends are invited to call at our store on upper Broad for their
hardware and plantation supplies.
E. M. Andrews
? 972 and 1289 Broad St. Augusta, Georgia
We have ?cone direct to the manufacturers and have made large purchases
for every department of our store and we were never better prepared to sup
ply the needs of the people along ali lines.
In Furniture we have a full line of Bed Room Suits, Sideboards, Hat
racks, Extra Bureaus, Rockers and Chairs of all kinds and grades. If you
v need anything in Furniture see us before buying.
We carry a full stock of Trunks from thc smallest to the largest and from
the .cheapest to the best. We also have a complete assortuic?l of Suitcases,
'Hand-bags, etc. Come in to see them*.
Now is the time to discard your old, burned-out stove and buy a good
stove or range. We carry a large slock at reasonable price*. Also see our
Our vehicle has always been one ot our strongest departments. We car
ry a large stock of Buggies, giving our patrons a large and varied assortment
of grades and styles, color of trimmings, etc. if you need anew buggy take
a look through our stock. We can please you in quality, sjyle and price. We
also carry one of the very best farm wagons on the market. Scores and
scores of farmers in Edgefieid county have tested them thoroughly to their sat
isfaction. All sizes always on hand.
If in need of anything in our Undertaking Department, let serve you.
We also carry a full assortment of Coffins and Caskets. Our hearse responds
promptly to all calls, day or night.
Wecarry our large stock of Groceries and plantation supplies on our first
. floor. We buy in large quantities at the lowest possible price and make close
prices to our patrons. 1
e solicit a share of your patronage.