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DOUBLE LOAD ON GOOD ROAD
Farmers Haul Two Wagons Hitched
Together to End of Improved High
way-Single on Poor Road.
(From the United States Department of
To see what really happen? at the
end of the good road, a public road
specialist of the department recently
had observations made in different sec
tions of the country. The observers
noted many country-bound teamsters
who drove two loaded wagons, hitched
.one behind the other, to the end of
the good road, and then found it nec
essary to leave one wagon by the road
side to be returned for later, while all
the power of their teams was devoted
to hauling a single wagon over the un
Farmers bound for the market fre
quently were seen to haul wood and
similar products to the beginning of
the good road, there dumping them,
and returning for a second load. When
this arrived, the two loads were con
solidated and easily hauled by a single
team the remaining distance to market
over the improved highway.
In one section of the country where
oxen are still used teamsters were ob
served to bring their loads over the
dirt roads with two or three yokes of
oxen. When the beginning of the good j
roads was reached, the teamsters
would unhitch the extra animals and
finish their journey with a single yoke.
EXCESS WATER HURTS ROADS
Cold Weather Does Not Cause Injury,
No Matter Whether Road ls
Earth, Gravel of Macadam.
Water, not cold, is the cause of the
deterioration of roads in winter. Cold
weather does not in itself injure roads
no matter whether they are earth,
gravel or macadam. In fact an earth
road will stand more traffic when it is
solidly frozen than at any other time.
Excess water, however, is always de
trimental to a highway. When cold
weather turns this water into ice, the
damage that it does is greatly in
creased. Ice occupies considerably
more space than the water from which
it is formed, and every person who
has lived in a cold climate is familiar
with the powerful bursting effect of
water when left to freeze in ft co: -
fined vessel. The same action takes
place when a wet road freezes to any
considerable depth. It simply bursts
or, as we generally term it in road I
parlance, the road heaves. Later, when I
the frost leaves, the road is disinter- j
grated ard ruts badly. If this process |
is repeated a number of times during ?
the winter, a gravel or macadam road
may be practically destroyed while an
earth road may become entirely im
A dry road will not heave. Rock,
gravel, sand and even clay when per
fectly dry contract slightly on freez
ins. In order to expand on freezing,
these materials must contain or be
mixed with water, and the more water
they contain the greater the expan
sion which takes place. But so long
as the road remains frozen, the dam
age does not become apparent. Hence
the frequent and erroneous idea that it
is the thaw which injures tht road.
The injury was done when thu water
in the road froze and the particles of
the road surface-broken stone, sand, I
still fine particles of earth or clay- |
were pushed apart by the expanding
power of the freezing water. The
thaw merely allows the ice to melt and
assume its original volume as water.
The remedy is self-evident. Keep
the water out of the road. The time
to begin preventive measures is before
the rains begin. If the road goes into
the winter thoroughly dry with the sur
face and drainage In good condition,
the chances are extremely favorable
that it will come out all right the fol
KEEPING UP DIRT HIGHWAYS
Farmers Can Have Good Roads by
Grading to Drain Off Rainfall and
Keep Surface Smooth.
We all want good roads and when
we find out what is the really perma
nent highway we will want that also
in line with the modern idea of build
ing for keeps.
In the meant imo farmers can have
good dirt roads by grading to drain
off the rainfall, and by dragging to
keep the surface smooth and iKird.
The Road Scraper.
Whore is your road scraper? llave
it ready to use on Hu; roads after
every rain. Persuade your neighbor
to do the same.
Increase School Attendance.
Figures show that school attendance
increases importantly wherever coun
try roads aro improved.
".epenses for 1S14.
In 101-1 the United States expended
for mad work a quarter of a billion
THE CROSS-EYED GOOK
Mr. and "Mrs. Brooks had been mar
ried only a few months, but already
they had had nine cooks, and most of
the time had been without a servant
at all. After each and every departure
of the presiding dames of the culinary
department of the Brooks household,
Mrs. Brooks declared that she was sick
and tired of fooling with them, and
that thereafter she would do all the
cooking with her own fair hands. Mrs.
Brooks was long on enthusiasm, but a
trille short on experience and skill,
and after a week or two of wheat
cakes with all the taste and juciness
of asbestos, chops with all the endur
ance and elasticity of rope-ends, and
coffee that tasted like a chill tonic,
Mr. Brooks was wont to declare that
she was simply wearing herself to a
frazzle; that he wasn't going to have
it any longer, and that a cook must be
immediately signed up.
It was ou the first evening after they
had moved into a new flat, and just
ofter Mr. Brooks had taken a stand of
this sort that Mrs. Brooks announced
that she had that day engaged a new
cook, who had promised to appear on
the following morning.
On his return home from the office
the following evening, instead of Mrs.
Brooks, he met at the door of the
flat an apparition (hat made him give
a perceptible start before he could
control himself. It was a huge, bony,
white-turbaned negress, with a com
plexion of Stygian blackness and the
cross-eyedest pair of cross-eyes that
Brooks had ever seen In a human be
He walked back into the flat won
dering where his wife could be. That
person came bouncing in almost at
that instant, explaining that she had
just run out for some flowers, the oc
casion being one that seemed to call
for some celebration. "Have you seen
her?" she demanded.
"Oh, it's a her, is it?" said Mr.
Brooks. "I'm glad you told me or I
might not have known. Yes, I have
seen her, and I am still a trifle weak
from the shock."
"What is the name of this ill-favored
daughter of Ham?"
"Gwendolyn," replied Mrs. Brooks.
"Gwendolyn," repeated her husband,
sinking weakly down upon a couch.
It was a very agreeable odor that
smote Mr. Brook's nostrils as he lifted
the cover from Gwendolyn's dishes.
Aud they proved to be no false her
alds. Not many times in his life had
he sat down to so satisfying a meal,
he soon found himself saying. Sipping
a cup of delicious coffee. Mr. Brooks
lit a cigar, pushed his chair back from
the table, and forthwith pronounced
the gargoyllan Gwendolyn the original
pearl of great price. Mr. Brooks, in
fact, was so pleased and satisfied that
he could not resist the temptation to
tease his young wife a little.
"I might have known, though," he
said gloomily, "that there would be
some thorn to the rose. How could
you have deliberately invited bad luck
by bringing a cross-eyed negro into
the flat just as we have moved into
Mrs. Brooks looked up in alarm. Her
eyes widened. "Why, really, are they
bad luck?" she inquired anxiously.
"Are they bad luck?" he repeated
solemnly. "Do you mean to tell me
that you've lived almost twenty-two
years and never heard that about a
cross-eyed negro. Why, my dear child,
they're almost tho worst luck there ls."
"How dreadful!" exclaimed Mrs.
Brooks, looking as if some horrible ca
lamity had already befallen. "What
are we going to do about it?"
"Nothing," said Mr. Brooks. "We'll
just stand pat. You see it may be
years and years before this bad luck
haiipens, so there's no use worrying
Meals at the Brooks flat continued
to be enjoyable. Gwendulyn remained
gloomy and silent, hut she proved her
self a born cook, and Brooks wended
his way homeward every evening with
great satisfaction in the thought of the
dinner that was waiting him.
It was a month or two after Gwendo
lyn's initial triumph that Mr. Brooks
went home one evening and found his
wife cooking dinner and also herself
in the kitchen. She explained that it
was Gwendolyn's afternoon off.
It was after her husband had eaten
bravely through the meal that Mrs.
Brooks gathered herself together and
suddenly burst out:
"John, just now I told you only a
half truth. It is the cook's day off, but
she isn't coming back any more."
"What?" almost shrieked Mr.
Broncs. "What has happened?"
"I've discharged her," said Mrs.
Brooks almost tearfully.
"Discharged her!" shouted Mr.
Bro'KS. "What does all this mean?"
"Well, you see, Harry, it was like
this." began Mrs. Brooks tremblingly.
"I was feeling lonesome today while
you were gone, and I picked up a novel
telling about a young bride who lost
her busband on their honeymoon, and
it was so sad I cried and cried. And
then the hoirible thought came to me
-what if you should die! Then I re
membered what you said about cross*
j eyed negroes bringing bad luck. Gwen
j dolyn was working in the kitchen and
the awful thought came to me that if
you died it would be because of her,
and I would lose my mind and go star
? ?rig mad thinking how it was mc that
' brought her imo the house. The
(-.bought preyed on me till I couldn't
Stund it any longer, so I just went in
j nfi? discharged her.**
Mr. Brooks saide hack into his chair
in dumb stupefaction and then with a
I .suppressed groan he, metaphorically
! speaking, fainted dt-ad away.
Aliens From Christ Are Without
Hope and Without God in the
'Te were at that time separate
from Christ, alienated from the com
monwealth of Israel, and strangers
from the covenants of the promise,
having no hope, and without God in
the world."-Ephesians 2:12, R. V.
These words describe the appalling
condition of the Ephesians before they
were saved, but I wish to impress upon
you just three words in this dark pic
ture: "Having no hope." Better be
without anything else than be without
hope. We may be in great present dis
tress, but if we have a good and sure
hope for the future, it matters little.
We muy have great present prosperity,
but if we have no good hope for the
future, it is of little worth.
There are three classes who have no
First of all, the man who denies or
doubts the existence of a personal
God, a wise, mighty loving Ruler of
the universe, has no hope. Man's only
rational foundation for hope for the
future Is the existence of an intelli
gent, beneficent and omnipotent God,
ruling nature and the affairs of men.
The man who denies the truth of
the Bible has no hope.
The only conception of God that
gives a man a good basis for expecta
tion for the life that now is or the life
which is to come is found in the Bible.
The man who believes in the Bible
but does not accept and confess the
Christ the Bible presents as his own
personal Saviour and Master, has no
hope. Have you accepted the Christ
of the Bible as your own personal
Savior, and are you confessing him be
fore the world as your Lord, and are
you proving that to be an honest con
fession by doing as he says? The
Bible holds out absolutely no hope to
any except those who accept tho Sa
vior whom it is its main purpose to re
Have No Hope.
We see, thea, that the atheist and
the agnostic have no hope; that the
infidel and skeptic have no hope ; that
the orthodox believer in the'Bible who
rejects Christ as a personal Savior and
Lord has no hope. In what sense have
they no hope?
They have no hope for the life that
now is, no well-founded and sure ex
pectation of blessedness for the life
that now is. In the first place, they
have no guarantee of continued pros
perity. They may be very prosperous
today, they may have perfect health,
a comfortable income, hosts of friends,
every earthly thing that heart would
desire; but unless they are right with
God unless they have accepted his
Son Jesus Christ and therefore have
a right to claim the promise of the
Bible as their own, there ls absolutely
no guarantee that these tirings which
they now possess will continue to be
theirs 24 hours. A thousand things
may occur to change it all.
Life ls So Uncertain.
It takes but one little snip of the
shears of fate to sever the cord of life.
Of course, if a man is a true Christian
this fact has no terrors for him; for
what men call death is simply depart
ing to be with Christ, "which is very
far better." No man out of Christ has
a good hupe for the next ten minutes.
But infinitely worse than this is the
fact that they have no hope for the
life that is to come. This earthly life
is but a brief span at the very long
But eternity is long; how it stretches
out! The farther we look ahead the
longer lt stretches out. It ls an awful
thing to have no hope for eternity.
The man out of Christ has no hope of
blessedness after death. No, there is
no light in the grave for the Christless
man. There is no hope of glad reunion
with friends who have gone or who
may go. The believer loses his
friends, but he does not sorrow as
those who have no hope.
Which Will You Take?
Friends, which do you prefer, the
no hope of one who is out of Christ,
or the glorious hope of the one who
has received Christ as his Savior, sur
rendered to him as his Lord and Mas
ter, and confessed him as such before
the world? You have your choice.
Everyone has his choice. Which will
you take?-Rev. R. A. Torrey, D.D.
What Fear Means.
There will be no fear In heaven.
God will be reigning there; and wher
ever he reigns fear cannot exist. Fear
is distrust of him: and that means,
even though we do not realize it at the
time, the doubting ot God's faithful
ness and sufficiency, and the disputing
of his reign in our hearts. So that
fear is not only dangerous, it is in
itself disaster. The saying, "I feared
a fear, and lt came to pass," ls often
sadly true in the Christian life. If
we fear that we may fail before temp
tation, we have already failed in the
sin of distrust: and further failure
before the coming temptation is guar
anteed-unless we trust Christ as our
life and let his perfect love cast out
God the Supreme Nurturer.
It lies in the nature of God ti? com- j
mu?iente his own perfection to his
creatures. Such a God is a God of
self-imparting love, who can never be
satisfied with giving uni il he has given
di he has and all h.- is. Hence he is
the supreme nurturer, and the goal
?f creation is a community of souls In
vhom he has perfected his own image.
Susan- E. Blow.
The spring sea
replenish your w
We can clothe ye
facturers and job
you get it here y
\ What about a
and color? We
Try a pair of
for the money.
Large stock of
to select from.
See our stock
line ev.er shown i
There aro so many things-best I
things-that can only come when youth ?
ls past that lt may well happen to I
many of us to find ourselves happier I
and happier to the last.-Eliot.
At this season of the year when ?
canned fruit is disappearing as well
as the jams and |
jellies, we are j
forced to think j
about dried fruits. |
In preparing dried
fruit it is well to
remember that It
needs a good soak
ing to restore the
moisture lost by
drying. No amount of cooking will
soften the fruit as soaking overnight
will do. Dates and figs are so rich
In sugar that they do not need soak
ing as a rule.
A most delicious marmalade may be
made of the fresh orange, grapefruit,
and lemon, using one of each sliced as
fine as possible, discarding the seeds.
Cover the sliced fruit with three
quarts of cold water and let it stand
overnight, or better 24 hours. Then
simmer for an hour and a half and
again let stand overnight. The nest
day add five pounds of light brown
sugar and cook slowly until the fruit
ls clear. Turn into glasses and cover
ns for ordinary jelly.
Spiced Prunes.-Soak a pound of
large prunes overnight in water to
cover. In the morning stew in the
same wnter until soft, adding a two
inch stick of cinnamon, the grated
rind of half a lemon, six cloves; while
the fruit is still hot add a half a cup
ful each of vinegar and sugar. Chill
Prune and Apple Roly-Poly.-Roll
out a rich pastry very thin, heap on
it two cupfuls of finely chopped apples
and a cupful of drained, stoned, and
slightly chopped, stewed prunes. Roll
up and place in n deep saucepan; cov
er with boiling water, a cupful of
brown sugar and two tablespoonfuls
of butter. Bake ono hour and serve
with whipped cream and the sauce in
which it was cooked.
Cranberries are also delicious, spiced
as one does other fruit. To three
quarts of berries use three and a half
pounds of brown sugar, two cupfuls
of vinegar, a tablespoonful of allspice,
a teaspoonful of cloves and a three
inch stick of cinnamon. The vinegar,
if very acid, should be diluted. The
spices may lie removed before putting
in the glasses If desired.
DON'T LET Y0?R COUGH HANG ON
A cony h til at racks and weakens
is dangerous, it undermines your
health and thrives on neglect. Re
lieve it at. once with Dr. King's
New Discovery. This soothing
balsam remedy heals the throar,
loosens the phlegm, its antiseptic
properties kill the germ and the
cold is quickly broken up. Chil
dren and grown-ups alike find Dr.
King's New Discovery pleasant to
take as well as effective. Have a
bottle handy in your medicine chest
for grippe. croii!> and all bronchial
affections. At druggists, 50u. 3
Whenever Yon Need a General Tonic
The Oki Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic equal y valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic propertiesof QUININE j
and IRON. It actsou tl . Uver, Drives
out Malaria, IC uri elie:; the Blood and
Suilds up the Whole System. 50 cents,
ear for Men
son is upon us. No
ardrope with light
)u from head to foo
ight early from the
hers. We buy only i
ou know the quality
new spring suit of
have a large assoi
We also sell the Sel:
' Underwear, Hosier
of New Spring Ha'
}RN & MU
F. E. GIBSON, President L.
If you are going to bu:
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE B
We manufacture and de
stairs, interior trim, stor
pews, pulpits, etc., rougl
lath, pine and cypress shir
Distributing agents for
Estimates cheerfully ar
Corner Roberts an
tual Insurance Associ
O rgan i zed 3180-2.
Property Insured $2,500,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the un
dersigned for any information you
may desire about our plan of insur
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM or LIGHT
and do so cheaper than any Com
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to yon that ours is the safest
and cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties
of Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Laurens and Edgefield.
The officers are: Gen. J. Frasei
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.
J. R. Blako, Gen. Agt., Secy. &
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
A. O. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
J. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
Corn, Oats, '.
Corner Cumming ar
On Georgia 1
8 YOUR PATRON,
?ii ????1?" Sec our representatn
w is the time to
t in dependable
J leading manu
re best, so when
i is dependable,
the latest style
.tment to select
y and Neckwear
A.NSING B. LEE, Sec. and Treas.
ild, remodel or repair,
ILLS A SPECIALTY.
:al in doors, sash, blinds
e fronts and fixtures,
i and dressed lumber,
igles, flooring, ceiling
id carefully mane.
a Dugas Streets,
Jno. H. Childs, Bradley, S. C.
A. W. Youngblood, Hodges, S. C.
S. P. Merrah, Willington, S. C.
L.N. Ci nun herlain, McCormick, S. C.
R. II. Nicholson, Edge?ield, S. C.
F.L.Timmerman, Pln't. Lane, S. C.
J. C. Martin, Princeton, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE, Gen. Agt.
Greenwood, ?S. C.
Jan. 1st, li) 17.
AND LIVE STOCK
Your business will be given
careful attention and appreciated
J. T. E
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
V? BITTERS AND KIDNEYS
BROS. & CO.
s and Dealers in
Hay and all
id Fenwick Streets
R. R. Tracks
.-. V. E. May.