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THE HOME GARDEN
Suggestions For its Success
Clemson College.-The far-reaching
ralue of the garden in our notional
food supply makes it imperative that
all gardeners, large or small, pl.in a
careful rotative system to use wisely
all garden space that C?:II he worked.
The actual need under normal condi
tions:, combined with the present food
shortage, demand.; that we produce a
larger garden crop than ever. Ordi
narily, tim ; average Southern garden
ls a spring, or cne-season producer,
few vegetables being available after
this period. Therefore, great care ar.d
judgment should he exercised in mak
ing consecutive plantings of our more
common vegetables, to furnish a sea
sonal supply with the necessary can
Tte fundamental principles in good
gardening are: (a) site and soil selec
tion (b) advanced planning; (c) deep
and thorough preparation of the soil;
(d) judicious liberal application of fer
tilizers; (e) careful selection and lib
eral planting of seed; (f) thorough
cultivation; and (g) insect and dis
SITE AND SOIL SELECTION: Or
dinarily the site and soil conduisis,
especially of the city and urban gar
dens, are pre-determined by the loca
tion of the borne and the lack of gar
den space; but. conditions permitting,
tho rite should be a southern, eastern,
or southeastern exposure, and sh-mid
have ample sunlight "and a well-drain
ed, easily tilled soil.
GARDEN PLANNING: Advanced
?planning should include every detail
of the garden, and cannot be too
Strongly emphasized. Tlie method of
cultivation is usually determined by
the size and shape of plot. The one
fourth acre or larger garden gives op
portunity for horse cultivation: the
one-eighth acre or smaller plot, for
hand cultivation. Those, vegetables
that can be dried, stored or canned,
.should have preference over short-sea
son vegetables, such as lettuce, rad
ishes and mustard. Under present
^conditions, the chief purpose of the
gardener should be to produce as
much rei'I food as possible.
SOIL PREPARATION : Deep and
thorough working of the soil prepar
atory to planting is of vital impor
tance in growing any crop, and most
especially is true of the garden crops.
?Garden soils should Jhe thoroughly
turned or spaded, followed by consecu
tive harrowing or raking, until thc
.seed bed is thoroughly pulverized.
?Best of judgment must he exercised
not to cultivate the soil when it is too
wet. or tue texture will be greatly in
jured and its value as a garden soil
. decreased. ,^. .-a?,iui srp.r^
"?? both commercial fertilizers
barnyard manures should i>? giv
en. The animal manure will assure
vorable to the growth of most vege
tables. A fertilizer containing S per
cent available phosphoric acid, 4 per
cent nitrogen and no potash, applied
at tho rate of SOO to 1,000 pounds per
.acre, will give good results when the
physical condition of the garden soil
'has been corrected by tho addition of
'barnyard manure. If woods soil, rich
in organic matter, is used" instead nf
?manure, we suggest the use of a com
plete fertilizer analyzing. S per cent
available phosphoric acid. 4 per cert
nitrogen and 4 per cent potash, ap
plied at the rate of SOO to 1.G00 pound9
iper acre. If no organic mat'er is a/id
,ed. the S-4-4 fertilizer imouKl be ap
plied at the rate of 1,200 to -'.OOO
ipounds per acre.
Fertilizers, applied either in th? drill
.or broadcast should be thoroughly
(mixed with the soil, to prevent tho
sends or plants from being seriously
. injure-l by burn in cr.
REED SELECTION AND PLANT
i TNG: The use of scant quantities . i
.cheap, poorly sel^et^d seed often
jcauses a great reduction or an entir.i
[failure in a crop. The necessary sup
?ply of well polorteil. standard grows
.seerl should be purchased at an earl?
j dat?? from a reputable seed dealer.
CrT.TTVATrOV. AND CON! I'OT 1
(OF PESTS: Frequent and thqr;.ur!i
lenitiva)i'm should be practiced. .S! ;;l
i low cultivation should be given ap
(soon after each rain as soil condition!
I will permit.
The expense of preventing and con
(trolling insects and di^oa^es is small
^.compared with the value of thc gai*
?den er -.p.
r REFERENCE?? For planting char
land for further information writ?
?the Extension Sendee. Clemson Col
liege, S. C.. for Extens'on Bulletin 42
?"Home Gardening in Routh Carolina.'
'? For disease and insect control writ?
?for Farmers Bulletin No. S5R, Uniter]
.States Department, of Agriculture
.'"Control of Pir.oase'; and Insect Ene
(mies of the Home Vegetable Garden.'
* The Cotton Boll Weevil will d tes
i mine ia each county in South Caro
?lina, as it becomes mies!T!. Ihos*
[farmers who are MEN. Men who hav?
?d?termination, courage, - and confi
.deive in the fart that we must no1
iexnert to receive something for noth
I lng. To grow a cotton crop under b'o?
(weevil conditions requires YVOE?\
. first, last and all the year.
Tt costs about as mneh to raise r
;Snn-?mmd scrub as it does to raise r
?1,000-pound well-bred ri^or.
f Th^re ?s nothing better than al fal ti
'hay for balancing a ration.
j A dairy cow requires an ounce o
?.salt a day. m
GOOD WORK OF A ROAD DRAG
Implement Should Be Used Properly at
Right Time-Repair All Ruts and
After two days of rain, says a writer
In Hoard's Dairyman, we took an
ejght-mile drive out into the country
to buy some pigs. One piece of road
was like a city boulevard, only better.
Despite its being only a gravel road
there was little mud or water, and one
would have thought that there had
been only rain enough to settle the
dust instead of the big rainstorm. We
inquired and found that two neighbors
had made it a practice to alternate In
going over this road with a road drag
after every rain. Just beyond, we came
'o a piece of road muddy, slippery and
full of chuck holes that sent us up a
mile for every mile covered.
.The only difference between these
two pieces of road was a road drag
and an hour's time spent when field
work could not be done. We estimate
that it took twice as much gasoline lo
cover the undrngged road. Multiply
our experience by the dozens of teams
and autos going over this muddy road,
and then compute the expense of fail
ure to use the road drag that was
doubtless rotting away in some fence
We do not nor '.ave in mind the de
mands of the good roads extremist, but
are considering what may be done and
what should be done with the common
dirt road. It does more harm than
good, as n general rule, to plow up the
sod on the sides of the traveled track
and pile it up in big lumps in the cen
ter of thc track, leaving them there to
be broken up by passing vehicles, and
the loosened dirt wa. icd away by the
rain er blown away by the wind. ?Koon
nil the sod, grass roots and other
Perspective View of Split-Log Drag.
trash out of the road bcd. It merely
decays and makes ready for a splendid
hole to form.
Whatever is worth doing at all is
worth doing well. No part of a re
paired highway should be left until its
surface has been thoroughly and even
ly compacted and shaped to let all tho
water run off. And when, as will most
always happen, rms and depressions
make their appearance, they should be
j smoothed down, filled, and well com
pacted so that water may net remain
! In them to soften the ground and per
mit further damage by the traffic."
When using the road drag, use il
properly at the right time. Don'J: go
out when the mad is too wet or too
dry. Take it when the mud will make
a good mortar and" will puddle down
like the lit tl? girl's mud cakes or the
i mason's mortar.
MACADAM ROAD PROVED BEST
There Are Several Varieties, Changed
to Suit Localities and Circum
For over a century now the macadam
road has ben; m use and has proved
itself to be the best all-round road
that can bo built. In fact, so good ls lt
that all military roads in tho war aroa
in France are of this type. There are
several varieties of it, changed to suit!
localities and circumstances. The regu
lar water-bound macadam is, with
out doubt, the best and safest foi
horses. But we cannot build for horses
alone, it is necessary to preserve thc
broken stone road against the auto
mobile tires, otherwise the road SUP
face would soon go to pieces.
Inadequate Roads Costly.
Both town and country lose money
because of our very inadequate roads.
Rape Good Hog Pasture.
Rape is a profitable crop for pro
viding fall pasture for hogs where
farmers harvest corn by hogging II
Er.?ak '.and Befcr? Freezes.
It wjii pay gci.crally to break thc
lah-: before freezes so the weeds and
other vegetation ron y be turned whil(
Why Colds are Dangerous.
You are often told to "beware of
a cold," but why? We will tell you:
Every cold weakens the lungs, lowers
the vitality and paves the way for the
more serious diseases. People who
contract pneumonia, first take cold.
The longer a cold hangs on, the great
er the danger, especially from the
germ diseases, as a cold prepares thc
system for thu reception and devel
opment of the germs of consumption,
diphtheria, scarlet fever and whoop
ing cough. The quicker you get rid
of your cold, the less the danger of
contracting one of these diseases.
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy has a
great reputation as a cure for colds
; and can be depended upon. It is
: pleasant to take.
v/hen you refinish furniture
and woodwork yourself with
ry gjt A* ^ ^mm n
TsTO matter how badly
scratched your doors,
floors or furniture, you can
easily restore them with'one
coat of Pee Gee RE-NU-LAC.
The cost is small, the results
It comes in all sizes, from
15c up. Made in 20 Natural
Wood and Enamel Colors.
White Gold and Silver.
PEASLEE-GAULBEItT CO., lac
W. E. LYNCH & CO.,
Edgefield, S. C.
sk) ' ;
y\ : ?.? . v:-.
ing in Pc
better if it's
TP. A CF. NAP.K
OEDEB NOW AND AVOID DISAPPOINTMENT
F. S. ROYSTER GUANO CO.
Norfolk? Va., Baltimore, Bid., Toledo, 0., Tarboro, N. C.
Charlotte, N. C., Columbia, S. C., Spartanburg, S. C.
Atlanta, Ga., Macon, Ga., Columbus, Ga.
......-_ . .... ...rrnTr., ?
ri -"7?. m r?,
7 : : ; v %? ll
(Red Steer Brands)
.,iw?s Tfeelr Quality ira th*
/ liave maintained highest rank for many years,
customers say they are the best- In materials
xi care in manufacture- In crop results.
sure you get the best-SWIFT'S.
nulas for any crop on any soil
believe that most soils are becoming sadly lack
>tash. We can supply any desired percentage of
or and ears are not normal yet Order Swiff s
ir s early and be sure of your supply.
It Pays io Use Them99
Manufactured by! .
iwipi AgMjj em.m . " i if
?& WW &$L\ E <&?i? ?-^J w isse*.-j ? ja u. U\? ?j ?
? . Tl ^ %
Safes OfSfets CK?ll.???^ 5. - <
Facis! i?s: OTmisgton, C. Gre ; : s^oro> L-L >?J* Oolamhls, S- C.
Chester, >.?, ?a
Edgefield Mercantile Company
Agents, Edgefield, S. C.
? !. ..;