Newspaper Page Text
MAINTAIN ROAD AFTER BUILT
Improper Methods Have Placed Eco
nomical Types in Disrepute,
Says Colorado Expert.
Prof. E. B. House of the Colorado
Agricultural College is a firm believer
hi the importance of maintaining a
road after it is built. He supplies the
following, takeu from The Engineer
ing News-Record, and says of it "it is
so true and hits the nail so squarely
that I quote it direct":
"The tendency in road improvement
ls to select types of roads which re
quire very little annual maintenance.
The general feeling among laymen
seems to be that when a road surface
requires some annual maintenance vo
keep it in good shape, lt is an expen
sive type and should be avoided. Yet,
if the interest on investment and the
repairs are taken into consideration,
the cheaper wearing surface may in
many cases prove to be the more sat
isfactory and economical.
"It Is not uncon.mon to see roads of
a good type constructed and then,
after they begin to show signs of wear,
to see them neglected entirely or some
method of repair or maintenance im
posed which hus been found by long
practice to be defective. When we see
mud holes in earth roads filled with
riprap, crushed stone or cinders, lt is
not the engineer's fault that an enor
mous price is paid for the repair mate
rial; the road engineer knows that
proper* drainage, and repairing with
earth from the side of the road, are
the economical methods of mainte
"Old gravel and macadam roads are
often repaired by filling ruts and de
pressions with inferior material that
ls readily displaced by traffic or
ground to dust. Bituminous surfaces
are often patched, If patched at nil,
with loose stone or gravel, and In some
Splendid Type of Road, Well Taken
cases with concrete. In a number of
streets and roads recently inspected,
brick was used to patch concrete sur
faces, and concrete used to patch brick
"Whon careless methods of this kind
are applied to the maintenance of
public highways, tiie result is that a
good type of road is made to appear
unsatisfactory and uneconomical, and
road improvement ie discouraged
particularly the cheaper types of im
provement, which in most localities are
the best if properly maintained. It is
the utter neglect of maintenance and
the many improper methods cf repair
that have molded public sentiment
against types of roads requiring an
nual maintenance, and have led road
promoters and officials to disregard
many economical types."
IMPROVED ROADS IN QUEBEC
In Five Years Government Spent $15,
774,369 for Development and
The development of good roads In
Quebec is a subject at pres??* i?:och
discussed from one end of the prov
ince to the other. In the five yenr.s
from 1911 to 1016 tl ? Quebec govern
ment spent $l.r>,774.3G9 for good roads.
The following figures show the num
ber of miles of roads systematically
maintained by the municipalities of
Quebec, with the aid of subsidies from
the government of the provinces: lu
1907, 1.000 miles; in 1909, 2.000 miles;
in 1911, 8,r>00 miles; in 1913, 15,000
miles; in 1916, 18.000 miles. Since
1911 more than 1,214 miles of mac
adam and 497 miles of gravel roads
have been made in Quebec.
Benefits of Good Roads.
Good roads bring automobilists.
They spend money. Good roads bring
trade and increase property values.
They attract homeseekers and indus
Do Not Build Roads.
Large appropriations and paper
plans for highway development do not
Slogan of "Good Roads."
From all sides echoes and re-echoes
Ihe slogan of "Good Roads."
SSS? e i- . a? saw
FREE HERD OF TUBERCULOSIS
estimated by Department of Agricul
ture That Disease Causes Annual
Loss of $25,000,000.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The 165 veterinarians of the United
States department of agriculture who
are in the field doing tuberculosis erad
ication work, together with an equal
number of state men, have tested ap
proximately 500 purebred herds and
found them free from the disease. The
owners of these herds have been given
an official certificate, stating that they
have tuberculosis-free accredited
herds. The veterinarians also have
given one test to 2,000 herds in prep
aration for the accredited list. The
Herd Affected With Tuberculosis.
owners of all these herds, together
with the breeds and number in each
herd, will be listed in a publication
soon to be issued by the department
Figures show that since July 1, 1918,
j 800 accredited herds and 1.000 herds
1 that have passed one test have been
added to the list. The veterinarians
now have under supervision 1,200
herds of purebred cattle and 600 herds
of grades which have shown by pre
vious tests that one or more animals
have tuberculosis. The publication
lists 1,100 owners of grade cattle
which have successfully passed the re
quirements for tuberculosis-free ac
credited herds. It is estimated that
this disease causes an annual loss of
SUITABLE SPRAY FOR FLIES
Mixture Suggested by Iowa State
College. Will Keep off Pestif
erous Little Insects.
The Iowa State College experiment
station suggests the following mixture
as being suitable for spraying dalry
cows for flies :
Four and one-half quarts of coal tar
dip, four and one-half quarts of fish
oil, three quarts of coal oil, three
quarts of whale oil, one and one-half |
quarts of oil of tar. Dissolve three1
pounds of laundry soap. In water, add!
the ingredients of the spray, and bring
the whole up to thirty gallons with
lukewarm soft water.
This spray will keep off the flies j
and prevent the coats of the animals
from becoming harsh. The cows should
be sprayed twice a day-In the morn
lng after milking and in the afternoon '
when in the barn for silage or preen
feed. With a portable cart, made
from a half-barrel hy attaching wheels ,
and a spray pump and nozzle, two men j
can spray forty cows In five minutes.
MUST REPAY GENEROUS FEED,
Cow ls Living Machine, Taking Raw
Materials and Working Them
Over Into Milk.
(Prepared by the United Stetes Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The cow must be regarded as a sort
of living machine. She takes the raw
materials given her In the form of food
and works them over into milk. If the
supply of proper materials is small, the
output will be small. The cow tnat will
not repay generous feeding should be
disposed of and one bought that will.
There are, of course, certain Inbred i
characteristics or natural qualities !
which even liberal feeding cannot
There's something to sell every day. !
* * *
Good silage will cut the feed bill
* * *
The cow with a good appetite is a
better producer than the finicky one.
? ? *
Cows fed well before being turned
on heavy green forage will not be
likely to bloat.
* * *
Sometimes one can fool a slow
milker Into "giving down" by feeding
her at milking time.
* * *
Cows will require attention in the
summer when the days are warm and
flies are troublesome.
* * *
Often old cows are offered for sale
at low prices but they are seldom a
good investment for the dairyman.
When it comes to safety of our depositor's money, that's
not only first with us, but also last and all the time.
Every dollar entrusted to our care is carefully guaran
teed. It is secure because not only kept in our fire-proof,
burglar-proof vaults but also because every dollar of our cap
ital and surplus is behind it. Every stockholder, director
and officer of the bank is personally liable. Our reputation
for years of conservative banking is a further guarantee.
With our depositor's funds, it's safety first, last and all the
The Bank of Trenton, S. C.
Oil Mills, Ginneries and Small Town
YOU DONJ WANT FIRES
No matter how much insurance you carry. We handle Childs' Un
derwriters' Approved- -
Hand Chemical Engines on Wheels
and Hand.Fire Extinguishers
Write for circulars and prices.
Columbia Supply Company
823 West Gervais St., Columbia, S. C.
OF ALL KINDS
We not only carry a supply of choice^ fresh meats and
fancy groceries, and can fill your orders on short notice,
but we are in the market for all kinds of country pro
duce. We will buy your hogs, cattle and hieles of all
kinds. Do not fail to see us before you sell.
We pay the highest market price for produce of all
kinds. We solicit a share of your business.
Rest White Pine Door9 1 3-8 2-SxG 8 with mortised lock and
hinges on all for $3.50.
Best White Pine Sash. 10-12 or 10-15, 12 lights, for $3.00.
Best White Lime at $2.25.
Heat Pat. Plaster at $1.00, sacks returned.
Best White packed Cement $1.00, nauks returned.
Kest Red Brick at 82.00; Salmon at Si.80, bats included.
Plaster Lathes at 86.00 per thousand.
Kuberoid Roofing of all kinds at prices to meet competition.
Cypress and Cedar Shingles and all kinds of building mate
rial carried in stoek.
E. S. JOHNSON.
Mr. S. B. Nicholson
wishes to announce
that he is with the
South Atlantic Realty Co.
with its home office in Greenwood, S. C., and NOT
with the Davis Realty Company.
! ATTENTION! f
Sale of kehuilt Automobiles
+ We have several Oldsmobiles, Chandlers and other makes that have *
+ been rebuilt and painted in our modern Service Station, that we are +
* going to sell at the lowest price that quality permits. .$.
J They are all Bargains *
% and are GUARANTEED %
I Weathers & Garrard |
% Courtesy and Service *
I We Do All Kinds of Machine Work. J
X AUGUSTA, .... GEORGIA %
Stewart 8? Kernaghan
has been called to the remar kable
fuel saving secured with Cole's
Original Hot Blast Heaters.
Coal prices are high-why be a slave to
an extravagant heating plant or stove that
is a demon for fuel.
Join now in the great army of
satisfied users who have found
relief from high fuel bills
with the great fuel saving
Burns cheapest coal clean and bright. Uses any fuel
Everybody is searchingfor a way to save fuel
and food Here's your opportunity to
cut your coal bills square in half and
gain a perfectly heated home as
well Investigate now. Our Store
is Fuel Savers Headquarters.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
Distributors of Marathon Tires and Tubes. None better, but our price
nj* Pannus SKITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
BARRETT & COMPANY
AND HIS BARBERS
FROM THE ALBION HOTEL
TO THE STAG
750 BROAD STREET
Where we will o pleased to see our MANY FRIENDS an I CUSTOMERS
TOM HJtRIS, E. M. HEATHCOCK, R. DUERRELL