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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, January 11, 1922, Image 1

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\\ eek of Prayer, Interes ting
Debate at High School.
Miss Sawyer Enter
tains at Bridge.
The week, of prayer was observed
here during the past week by the-W.
M. JJ', of the. Baptist church arie, ju
nior, organization each had a nieetr
irig.- Each afternoon a beautiful and
uplifting prograrii was rendered, dif
ferent members taking -a part each
? afternoon, a special feature- being the
gospal message in song. Everyone
was greatly blessed and helped by
these seasons of prayer, the keynote
of all being the advancement.- of
of God's Kingdom. . .
The friends of-Dr. John. W. Mob
ley of Milledge, Ga., will regret to
know that his health is impaired and
he is not able to be as' actively en
gaged as formerly.
Miss Anna Huiet of Greenwood,
is visiting her sister, Mrs. Mary Wa
Mr. Frank Bland went to Knox
ville, Tenn., the first of last week to
see the new firm for which he will
travel during the coming year.
Mesdames Wifburne and M. M.
Coleman of Aiken are guests of Mrs.
W. E. LaGrone.
Dr. and Mrs. Horace Wright have
.burned to Georgetown after a visit
to relatives.
The friends of Mrs. Mary Hamil
ton will be glad to know, that she. is ,
now able to be up again, after being ;
confined to her room for two months
or more.
Mrs. : Eugene Kn'eece and children
of Ridge Spring: are guests of the
former's parents, Mr. and Mrs. M. W.
Clark. -
Rev. W. S.. Brooke spent Tuesday
and Wednesday in Columbia attend
ing the State Baptist Board meeting.
Mrs. W. J. Hatcher also attended,
the women of the state- meeting lat.
the same time. It ivas a pleasure to
' 'this boeV to have their state W. M.
U. president, Mrs. J. D. Chapman
present. Owing to the death of her
husband, she was not present at the
annual state meeting in November.
Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Bradfield are
at home from a visit to relatives in
Charlotte, N. C.
Miss Blanche Sawyer has gone to
Darlington, where she has accepted a
Mrs. John Milne and son have ar
rived from Cleveland, Tenn., and will
visit relatives.
Miss Louise Boyd, who is now
teaching at Graniteville, S. C., has
been for a visit to Mrs. Walter Saw
Mrs. Tom Willis of Wilhston has
been spending the past two weeks
here in the home of her father, Mr.
J. W. Sawyer.
Mrs. John Wright has gone to Co
lumbia to spend a while with rela
Mrs. Walter Sawyer entertained
the members of the Narcosa club in
a most delightful manner, on New
Year's day and every one had a hap
py time.
Johnston is soon to have a "Piggly
Wiggly Store.
The annual report of the Baptist
Sunday school, as read Sunday show
ed a flourishing school. There are
441 enrolled and the average attend
ance was good. During the year the
class collections amounted to $604.
76. There were four who did not miss
a single Sunday: Misses Grace Tur
ner, Grace Ellen Cassells, Mr. Avery
Bland and James Nixon Dobey.
There were several that had missed
only one Sunday, and in each in
stance they were providentially kept
from attending. - The superintend
ent urged for the coming year a larg
er per cent of attendance, and urged
the bringing in of those who should
be enrolled.
Mr. and Mr?. Will Mobley and Miss
Carrie Mobley and Mr. Hodges Mob
ley of Thomson, Ga., visited Mrs. A.
P. Lewis for the week end.
Mrs. Moses Mobley of Columbia
is visiting her daughter, Mrs. W. C.
Little Natalie Compton who has
been so ill with typhoid fever, is now
The Woodrow Wilson of the high
school has on a very interesting meet
ing for the last of the week. There
will b?: a debate with the following
query: "Which was the greater, Co
-?ttmbus for discovering America, c
Washington^ or. def ending it?" ,
?^-l?'aj^f^'.'^e^?ing toole ->plae
last .Wednesday'in, the home* "-of '31:
and Mrs,.' Newton; 'Broadwater, a
which time their daughter, -Marni
.Warren-Broadwater became the brid
of Mr. MaxeycHeyward Stewart;
The. spacious-rooms were, most ai
tistically decorated and in the parlo
wherevthe marriage took^place, ther
was a lovely archway of smylax .an<
white roses, under which the h?pp;
pair plighted their troth. There wer
nb attendants, and only the two fam
Hies- were, present. -
Mrs,-W, ?. Ouzts met the>-guest
and carried them to the parlor. A
high noon the ceremony was perform
ed by Rev. W. S. Brooke.
The bride was very attractive an(
winsome in a coat suit of m idnighl
blue tricotine with all details in har
mony, and she carried a bouquet ol
bride's roses showered with swan
sonia. After heart; v congratulations
and good wishes, all were invited inte
the dining room where an eleganl
wedding repast was served, that was
lovely in all its appointments, there
being several courses. The center
piece of the table was a bride's cake,
Later the couple left for northern
points and upon their return will be
at home at Ridgeway, the home of the
groom. The bride is the only daught
er and it is a source of regret to all
her friends here that now she will
make her home elsewhere, for by her
pleasant manner, none, knew her but
to love her." ..
"There will be a basket ball game
here Friday afternoon between the
local team and that of Ridge Spring.
. The. dwelling of - Mr. Harry -C.
Strother that is occupied by the fam
ily of-Mr. Eugene ' Thraflkill caught
oh fire one day of the-past week. The
fire was discovered on the roof, and
it is supposed that a spark fell from
the chimney, and the. wind fanned it
into a flame. Mr.. Wallie Tur nervio
happened' to ste it just as'it was
blazing, mounted a ladder and soon
had the fire extinguished. Then the
fire engine came to the scene, but too
late to get to see how it worked.
Mr. Mark Toney has been spending
a few days in Columbia.
Mrs. Ben Wright and Miss Florence
Wright have decided to go to Green
wood to make .their home for the win
ter, the latter having accepted a po
sition there.
Mr. Elliot Lewis was quite sick du
ring the past week, but is now able to
be up.
Miss Hortense Padgett s; ent the
week-end here with relatives.
Miss Maude Sawyer entertained
the bridge club on Wednesday after
noon and the twelve members and
visitors spent two very pleasant
hours. The highest score was made
by Miss Frances Turner, who receiv
ed the prize, and Mrs. Wilburne, af
ter cutting, was presented with the
visitor's prize. A dainty salad course
was served.
Mrs. Taylor Goodwyn of Green
wood is the guest of her parents, Mr.
and Mrs. O. S. Wertz.
Mr. and Mrs. Wallace Turner and
Billie and Mr. and Mrs. Harry C.
Strother, Harry and Josephine, spent
part of theweek at Chappell.
Mrs. Thomas Mitchell of Leesville,
has been spending a while in the
home of her father, Mr. J. H. White.
Mr. and Mrs. Claude Hart and lit
tle son, Walker, are guests of Mrs.
Victoria Hart.
Misses Elliot and Conya Hardy,
who hold positions in Washington,
D. C., were welcome visitors here re
cently. Mr. George Hardy of Ala
bama and Mr. and Mrs. Eric Hardy
and family of Augusta were also vis
iting the home folks at the same time
sa a happy family reunion was held.
Always Send Name.
The Advertiser received the
"News from Choty" this week, con
taining much that we would .have
been glad to publish, but as the letter
was not accompanied by the name of
the writer we had to leave it out.
Will people never learn that news
papers do not publish letters or com
munications of any character that are
not accompanied by the name of the
writer? The name will not be publish
ed, if so- requested, but it rrust al
ways accompany the communication.1
Beautiful Marriage pf
John M. Mays and Mrs.
Mary Ellen Heriot. ; '
A; wedding- of much.-inter??t,^J^I
??dgsfie?d .county, on account -of -ihe
prominence and pop.u?2rity':-'$i^the
groom.- was that . of-J&r.: J.?ha.' M/^jfe
to Mrs, Mary.'{EU?h:-yH?ri?t.;?>^^
took place at Aiken, S.'C.;;Tue?^af^
?January IO, Eather L.' E. Fbrd^v-j??
Mary of-Help church, performing.}^
At" eleven' o'clock in the.in?rh.iv?'j
the wedding party left the hpme^ft
Mrs. .Heriot and proceeded to' thatsc-X
Mr. and-Mrs. Nelson Johnson on P,aj?<
avenue, these' being very close' frien'u .}j
of the-bride who had asked'that thv!
wedding take/ place there. The wid e ?J
halls and spacious parlors had -be?i?
thrown en suite for the occasion, arie?
were beautifully decorated witib
palms,1, ferns and royal poinsettia?^
Lighted candles threw a soft-light
over the scene while low, sweet musi<ri
came from the orchestra benind--tfc|^
palms. )
Mrs. Mary Ellen Owens' of'August?
ta, Ga., attended the bride as matron ?
of honor, while Major W. A. Collett*
was best man. Father Forde read the;?
ceremony in a most impressive man- ;
ner. After receiving the congratula-^:
tions and good wishes of their friends j;
Mr. and Mrs. Mays led the way to the f
dining room where an elegant six.;jj
course luncheon was served. , 0
Afterward the . happy couple re.-':1
turned to .their home on lower Parle..!.
avenue, from whence in a short while'],
they proceeded on their way. towards
.Mrs. Mays was attired in'a hand--.'
some, costume of gray, and earried a
beautiful bride's bouquet, :which she
threw-f rpm the. high stairway to the
ladies-in the hali below. Mrs. Annie:
Richardsdn made the lucky catch.
A more beautiful wedding has sel*,.
dom been seen. Nor has there'been a j '
bride'lcd to the altar who. vas fol- {?
lowed" by more goad wi/-,^ .fcpj^.....'.
Tvrii'?^'c 'ho.--i -of S? miring arici'loviri'l
friends. On all sides were heard ex
pressions of the esteem and affection
of those who know her.
Mr. and Mrs. Mays will make their
home in Aiken. Present from Edge
field were Col. P. B. Mayson, J. W.
Kemp, Col. and Mrs. S. B. Mays, W.
H. and J. M. Mays, Jr., Maj. W. A.
Collett and Mrs. Lemie Talbert.
Supt. T. A. Hightower, Mr. M. B.
Tucker, bookkeeper, and Mrs. R. M.
Scurry, assistant bookkeeper at the
Addison Mills. The smiles on their
faces show that the salaries of these
employees are large enough to pay
their grocery bills-Builders, by
Lockwood, Greene & Co., Boston.
You- can't tell by this picture
whether May Reeves, nurse and ser
vice manager at Addison Mills, has
her sleeves rolled up just to show
how easy it is to do gardening in a
nurse's uniform without getting it
soiled or whether she has just come
out of the kitchen where she had
been washing the dinner dishes.
Builders, Lockwood, Greene & Co.,
The Development of the T?
tile Industry in South
By M. B. Tucker, Office Manager
the Addison Mills.
South Carolina may owe much
its statesmen, but you will agree J
ter you have read this article by J
Tucker that it owes even more
those business men of vision w
worked so hard and overcame
many obstacles to establish the ci
ton manufacturing industry in t
South.-Editor's Note.
South Carolina holds the envi?t
distinction of being the leading te
tile manufacturing state in the Sout
and the second in the Union, excee
ed only by Massachusetts.
The first cotton mill in the sta
was built in 1845 by William Grej
at Graniteville, Aiken county, ai
contained 9,000 spindles and 3(
looms. He was the nephew of Jacc
Gregg, who had in 1810 establishc
the first cotton mill in the South ne*
Monticello, Georgia. Gregg was
man of keen intellect and foresigh
his wisdom being shown in a collei
tion of essays on "Domestic Indu
try," which sets forth the possibil
ties and advantages of cotton mani
facturing in the South which is stril
ingly uncanny. Just prior to writin
?hese essays he had visited the mani
facturing districts of the norther
\ The vein of practical good sense o
these essays is shown in the preface
jvhen he refers to his visit to north
ern factories, as follows: "When
jraw bags of our cotton arrive i:
jhose mountainous districts, wlhici
3ad been packed in the interior o
louth Carolina, and wagoned ove
Miserable, bad roads (in some in
stances one hundred miles) to Ham
|.'urg or Columbia; thence transport
ra 136 miles by railroad to Charles
ion, where it is sold, after being sub
r?jtted to the charge of drayage
wharfaro. commissions, and perhap
^C-;-;thpn- Snipped; : \ Now |or!
to undergo' similar ch1*r"ge?,~>.vhe?
it is purchased by one of those manu
facturers and again reshipped ti
Hartford, an \ from the last namoi
place, making a dangerous and diffi
cult passage up the Connecticut river
is landed, and again hauled in wag
ons some thirty or forty miles, ove:
mountainous roads, and having reach
ed its final destination (at double it!
original cost, is manufactured inte
coarse cloth. Going over the sam?
ground again, it reaches New York
where it is reshipped to Charleston
and finds its way back again into the
interior of our state. I repeat, wher
I saw these things, and knowing, as
I do, the rich resources of South Car
olina, and the facility with which cot
ton could be turned into cloth by la
bor around us, which might be ap
plied to it without detriment to othei
pursuits-could it be expected thai
I write without using strong terms?"
In this remarkable memoir are ex
pressed the very reasons why South
Carolina has reached the present im
portant place in thc textile industry.
Would it not be splendid if William
Gregg could come back to see South
Carolina in 1921, only seventy-six
years later, with its 300 cotton mills,
containing 5,000,000 spindles, con
suming nearly a million bales of cot
ton annually, an investment of one
hundred and forty million dollars, an
annual output in finished products
valued at a quarter of a billion dol
lars, these mills employing 60,000
people, who receive a payroll of $70,
000,000 annually?
A retrospective glance shows very
little progress toward developing the
industry before the Civil War, owing
to the difficulties of transportation,
marketing and financing, there being
only five mills in the state in 1860.
During the war and the following re
construction period, a state of forced
lethargy prevailed untli. about 1880.
Then with the renaissance of the
South, politically and economicallv,
there began an earnest and active pe
riod of building mills, which contin
ues unabated up to the present. Du
ring this period of great development,
there lived one outstanding figure, to
whose labors may be attributed, a
large portion of its success. This man
was D. A. Tompkins, whose life's ef
fort was nothing short of a
Gospel of Industrial Expansion.
His birthplace was Edgefield county
where stands today one of the mills
which he built and operated. This
mill is today none other than the Ad
dison Mills at Edgefield, operated b
Mr. Tompkins was a pioneer, a ma
of far-sighted vision and of sufficier
executive ability to practicalize hi
ideas. He felt that the South woul
never become really great so lon
as it continued merely to produce cot
ton and raw materials. This he preac
ed without ceasing, pointing out als
that in the South there was sufficien
labor ordinarily loafing to furnish ;
million workers who could operat
the whole 30,000,000 spindles requir
ed to work up a ten million bale ero]
of cotton. His influence is no bette:
revealed than in the fact that he or
ganized, built as engineer, and fur
nished with machinery, nearly a hun
dred cotton mills, not to mention hil
activities in other lines of industry
In addition he established the Clem
son Textile school, and in the milli
fostered education and encourag?e
help to become more enlightened anc
skilled. Through his efforts and en
thusiasm, the impetus was addec
which led South Carolina and the
whole South to push forward the ex
pansion of its industrial program tc
the important position it today holds,
Having considered the actual build
ing of mills, or the external develop
ment, no account would be complete
without telling briefly of the inter
nal, especially as to the improvement
in working conditions in comparative
ly recent years. It has been said that
the fundametnal principle of all la
bor legislation is the conservation of
the human resources. From the won
dreful changes which have been
wrought in working conditions in the
mills of t'.e state in the past twenty
years, it is evident that the mill op
erators have realized the principle,
and applied it, without legislation.
It is a well known fact that the av
erage mill village of this state, twen
ty years ago. had very small tene
ment houses of the roughest lumber
and cheapest .-.obstruction, with no
rn od orp. - con vt n lences-Working., hours
w?reXun^'mj^,..vmges).,v?^.;: isw,
children under tw'elve^yvars- -o?d^Kgre
employed wit! .^restriction. Even
in 1900 we firi? chere were 726 chil
dren at work in the mills of the state
under twelve years of age. Today no
child may be employed under four
teen years old, and then only eight
hours a day, and with the provision
that the child shall attend school for
at least three months during the year.
Formerly little or no recreation was
provided for employees. The refor
mation however, has completely
changed working and living condi
It is thc rule now, rather than the
exception, that all mills in the state
have splendid modern cottages or
bungalows, equipped with electric
lights, waterworks and bathrooms.
Each house has a garden plot and
flower yard. Pasturage and stables
for cows are provided. In addition
we find that every advantage for the
entertainment and enlightenment of
the operatives is provided, such as
churches, schools, community house-.
kindergarten, nursery, dispensary and
store, where goods may be bought at
lowest prices. A trained nurse and
welfare worker are employed, and op
eratives are covered with insurance,
premiums: n which are paid entirely
by the mills.
These things are not done by the
mills in a spirit that is paternalistic,
but the keen sighted business men
who operate the mills, have realized
that to educate, enlighten and make
comfortable its people, is a most
splendid business asset, in that it en
courages the employees to a respon
sive attitude, and promotes a feeling
of mutual dependence between em
ployer and employed. This condition
has given South Sarolina an absolute
freedom from strikes and labor
To recapitulate in closing, is it not
proven that South Carolina well de
serves the eminent place she holds?
Has not the development of her tex
tile industry verified the claims of
the two pioneers whose activities and
influence have been described? With
an abundance of raw cotton produc
ed in her fields, plenty of labor, low
freight rates and resulting saving in
transportation charges, -coal near at
hand at low freight rates, unlimited
water power and fine harbors, South
Carolina looms up today not only as
the leader in the South, but soon and
deservedly the leader in the textile in
dustry in the whole United States. In
Supervisor Edmunds Doing;
Good Work on Martin.
Town Road. Meeting
at Peace Haven.
It has been some time since I have
seen any news from our city in the
paper, so thought I would write a lit
tle of the whereabouts.
We are beginning to have, real
winter time now. A good deal of
rain and cold weather.
Our roads are likely to get bad
now, but we have had fine roads all
of the fall from our little city to Au
gusta. We will have to hand it to our
supervisor, nov/ he is giving us some
good roads and doing some fine work:
on the old Martin Town road. We
are getting our just dues on this side
of the county at last.
Master Ernest Miller, Jr., is a wel
come visitor in the home of Mr. andi
Mrs. E. J. Miller.
We are glad to know that Mrs. E.
H. Prescott is steadily improving.
Dr. G. B. Adams of New Orleans,
La., has been visiting his parents
Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Adams, during
the holidays.
Miss Maggie Zeigler and Mr. Hutto
of Bamberg, S. C., have been visit
ing Miss Martha Hammond.
Mr. Fred L. Adams was home for
the holidays and has returned to the
University of South Carolina to re
sume his studies.
Miss Ellie Mathis has returned to
her school where she is teaching in
York county.
Mrs. 0. P. Reece of Belvedere,
C., spent the week-end with her pa
rents, Mr. and Mrs. D. T. Mathis.
Our pastor, Mr. W. R. Barnes has
left us to gc to a new field. We hope,
and pray for his success in his new
field and we also hope and pray we
can get another good pastor in the
near future.
Mr. and Mrs. D. T. Mathis, Jr., and.,
little Norma spent., th* wt?k-^r?i4.with .
^fieir "pave-il-, : 'iou ?-icv'S.
Mathis, Sr!.
Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Adams made a
visit this week to see their son and his.
wife, Mr. and Mrs. S. T. Adams, of
the Meriwether community. Mrs
Adams has been sick for some time.
We are glad to know she is improv
Collier school will start this week
with Miss Morgan as the principal,
and Miss Carroll as assistant.
Our weekly prayer meetings which
we have every Wednesday night was
had a fine program, and were glad to
conducted by Mr. J. M. Miller. We
see Mr. Miller up and about his busi
ness again.
Program Woman's Mission So
ciety, Baptist Church.
To be held Friday, January 13?
19^2 at 3:30 o'clock.
Subject: Expanding the Foreign
Mission Horizon.
Hymn : "We Praise Thee ,Oh God."
Sentence Prayers.
Scripture Lesson: Dawn, Gen.
1:3; Morning, Ex. 24:12; Noontide?.
Luke 2:32.
Slogan: Proverbs 4:18.
Hymn: "The Light of the World
is Jesus."
" Prayer: Mrs. Geo. F. Mims.
Talk: "Paul the Foreign Mission
ary," Mrs. T. H. Rainsford.
Vocal Duet: "Doing His Wi?."
Talk: "The Work of William Ca
rey," John Nixon Jr., R. A.
Prayer of Thanksgiving for the
Pioneer Foreign Missionaries: Mrs
Chalmers Hughes.
Talk: "The Story .of Ann Hassel
tine Judson," Elizabeth Lott, G. A.
Poem: "Where Thou Hast Trod we
Follow on," Mrs. M. B. Tucker.
Prayer for Loyalty to Campaign
Ideals, Mrs. W. E. Lott.
Watchword, Phil. 4:13.
Hymn for the year.
recent years a number of large corpo
rations have -uccceded a portion; of
the original stockholders, some of
whom have suffered the fate that
comes to many who take risks for the
public good. It is not doubted that as
soon os the present period of read
justment is past, the state's industry
will be expanded f arther and come
into its own, the leadership, which it
so well deserves.-"Builders," pub
lished by Lockwood, Greene and Co*

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