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QUEER LINGO OF
! Sheep and Hogs 'Also Come in
for Their Share of Weird,
and Slangy Expressions.
SUM" CALF UNMARKETABLE
"Butcher Hogs" Are Most Popular
and,. Must Be of Right Weight and
Quality-"Mutton Sheep" Are
Fat Ewes and Wethers.
In the marketing of cattle, sheep
and hogs; often queer "terms are used.
Reporting the markets daily causes
many a weird terni to be coined mid
V_ eventually adopted into the language.
Here are given a number of common
terms used in the course of live stock
marketing. Even their users, in some
instances, will be enlightened as to
the full meaning:
Cattle Terms and Classes.
"Beef cattle" are the heavier, older,
heifers or bulls, largely .boughs by
the bigger, slaughterers.
"Butcher cattle" are usually trim
. weight stock, either cows, or steers
i or heifers, carrying good flesh weigh
ing 550 to 1050 pounds and highly
desirable for the city butcher trade.
"Prime finished" beeves are those
that have been made strictly fat, gen
erally of 6 to 12 months liberal feed
,on grain, cake, molasses or other i ried
rations. "Ripe" is a similar term.
"Fancy" beeves are those that have
the prime or ripe finish referred to
above and in addition carry full
quality due to being high grade or
pure bred stock.
"Good," "fair," "medium," "plain,"
/'common" and "inferior" are terms
applied to livestock in varying de
grees of flesh, condition and quality
as they range down the line under
the grade of prime.
"Corn fed" beeves usually refer to
cattle that have had two to three
Prime Finished Beeves. I
months or longer ration of ger.-, T? j
. "I, :r. f d catt-*: . .is?'.* i... t
i. ?!:..(] fr-.s?T: IV: three mOUtilS
(time varying) oi fairly generous ra
"Warmed up cattle" are those that
ba>c been fed for a very brief period,
generally three to- six weeks-time
"Grassers" are cattle, presumably
fitted for market on the range or pas
"Canners" are poor thin animals,
furnishing only low grade meat suited
only for marketing in the form of
"Cutters" are animals one grade bet
,ter than canners, but yet not carrying
enough flesh to class as beef types.
"Scalawags," "shells," etc., refer to.
"Heretics" is a term mostly applied
ito inbred southern cattle between the
veal and yearling stage, weighing gen
erally 150 to 300 pounds.
"Slunk" Is a prematurely born calf
"Yearlings" refer to cattle beyond the
calf and under the two year class.
"Heavy yearlings" (southern) are
stock generally weighing 275 to per
haps 450 pounds.
"Light yearlings" (southern) are oat
tie generally weighing 150 to 275
"Muley" cattle are those that are
"Dogey" catie are fine boned, trim
southwestern stock, usually susceptible j
to quick finish on feed.
A "quinine" ?teer in the trade par
lauce is a poor, inferior animal having
every appearance of-disease, usually
"Sausage" or "bologna" bulls are
: those not carrying flesh enough to be
1 classed as beef types. -t ,
"Stocker" cattle are those suited tc
i go back to the country primarily for
further growth before being ready for
? feeding. Weights vary as to condl
j tions, often reaching up to 850 pounds.
"Feeder" cattle are those with suffi
cient growth and flesh to make them
sultsbls for placing immediately in the
feedlots. Weights usually 850 pounds
IMPORTANT-Dehorned cattle as
a rule outsell those with horns. Cattle
shruld be dehorned or horn tipped be
fore put on feed, so buyers urge.
"Top" is the day's extreme high price
for carload lots.
"Bulk" ls a term meaning the pre
ponderance of sales for the day or
"Dockage" is a specified weight de
ducted from sows and stags originally
used for breeding purposes and are
coarse and rough-on sows dock ls
40 pounds, on stags 70 pounds.
"Prime heavy" hogs weighing 300 to
400 pounds, prime condition, form and
quality. Usually 10 months to IS
mohths and are heavier as well cs old
er than the majority of the hogs mar
"Medium heavy"-Good hogs weigh
ing 240 to 300 lbs. Both the prime
heavy and medium her, ry hog depends
largely for outlet up .u the packer.
Most popular (n fall and winter.
"Butcher hogs"-Most popular class
on the market. Must be of right weight
fer the butcher block from 190 to 270
pounds in . most eases, (although at
times lighter or hecvler)-of good qual
ity and proper condition. Nothing
grading less than a good hog has a
place in this class.
"Shipping hog."-Shipper is a hog of
good form, condition and quality used
to supply order trade. The require
ments vary, but for the most part call
for animal weighing 175 to 200 pounds.
"Lights" are hogs weighing 160 to
190 pounds, consisting principally of
young light weight barrows or clear
sows, graded good, common and In
"Light-lights" weigh from 130 to 160
pounds; graded good, common and in
"Pigs" are graded as choice, good
and common, and are subdivided as
follows. Strong weights, 130 to 150
pounds; medium, 110 to 125 pounds;
light, 90 to 110 pounds.
"Pewees" young small n!<rs from 60
to SO poiin^ . . ii !
gt* .."i i p .,, .. .Iiitn tni? heavier j
"P'>u..:\ w. >.!.?..;: l': 1
'V rely soo::. MC- j
. . thanksgiving or Christ
"Roughs" are throw-outs too com
mon to grade, lack condition, form
"Stags" are male hogs castrated af
ter maturity. As they are wasty in
dressing dockge of 70 Rounds ls im
"Boars" are not usually,, marketed
until their days qf service are over and
therefore old and coarse. As most
stockmen have found from experience
that it does not pay to send boars, very
few of them come to market. They
sell for much lower price than stags.
"Mixed packers"-This class In
volves the heavy hogs that do no" have
the quality to grade as prime stock and
the lighter weights that are noi: good
enough for butchers or shippers. In
short, lt takes In all of the throw-outs
of the aforementioned classes, except
those too coarse.
"Singer"-A hog of narrow back and
straight belly, particularly used for its
lean bacon. Weight 160 to 200 pounds
largely, although there is no standard
weight. Must be of good quality, not
necessarily fat, popular in Canada and
England but not common In this coun
"Trimmed lamb"-One that has been
castrated. Such sell to best advantage
on the market, ?
"Culls" are Inferior grade lambs or
sheep thrown out of consignment by
buyers and sola" at a lower price than
the remainder of the lot.
"Skip"-A light, trashy, common
lamb. The plainest grade of cull lamb.
"Mutton sheep" are fat ewes or
ewes and wethers mixed used for
killing. Wethers are often sold sep
arate as such.
"Choppers" are aged ewes in medium
flesh, not good enough to grade as fat.
A Heavy Yearling.
"Canners" are very .thin sheep,
which as the name Implies ars used for
"Docked Iamb'-One that has had
Its tall cut off. Many lambs come to
market with their tails badly gummed
up, whleh hurts the sale. AU stockmen
are coi.j?equently urged lo adopt the
practico of decking their lambs whet
Hymns Taken From Rev. A. T.
Allen's Calendar of Last
Come, Thou Almighty King,
Help us Thy name to sing;
Help us to praise:
Father, all glorious,
O'er all victorious,
Come and reign over us,
Ancient of Days.
Come, Thou Incarnate Word,
Gird on Thy mighty sword,
Our prayer attend:
Come, and Thy people bless,
And give Thy W^rd success,
Spirit of holiness,
On us descend.
To the great One in Three,
Eternal praises be
His sov'reign majesty
May we in glory see,
And to eternity,
Love and adore.
From ev'ry stormy wind that blows *
From ev'ry swelling tide of woes,
There is a calmea sure retreat,
'Tis found beneath the mercy seat.
There is a place where Jesus sheds.
The oil of gladness on our heads,
A place than all besides more
It is the blood-bought mercy seat.
There i* a sc?ne where spirits
blend, . '
) Where friend holds fellowship with
Tho' sundered far, by faith they
Around one common mercy seat.
Nearer, my God, to Thee,
Nearer to Thee;
Even though it be a cross
That raiseth me;
Still all my song shall be,
Nearer, my God, to Thee,
Nearer, my God, to Thee,
Nearer to Thee;
Though like the wanderer,
The sun gone down,
Darkness be over me,
My rest a stone;
v!i' " 'Tl
Nearer, my oort, to ih?
. wy Cor. L'hce,
'.. - ..rer tn '.. ...
There lee the way appear,
Steps unto Heav'n:
All that Thou sendest me,
In mercy given:
Angels to beckon me,
Nearer, my God, to Thee,
Nearer, my God, to Thee,
Nearer to Thee;
Day is dying in the west,
Heaven is blessing earth with rest,
Wait and worship while the night
Sets her evening lamps alight
Through all the sky!
Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of Hosts
Heav'n and earth are full of Thee
Heav'n and earth are praising Thee _*
O Lord, Most High!
O worship the King all glorious
And gratefully sing His wonderful
Our Shield and Defender, the An
cient of Days,
Pavillioned in splendor and girded
O tell of His might, and sing of
Whose robe is light, whose canopy
His chariots of wrath the deep
thunder clouds form,
And dark is His path on the wings
of the storm.
Thy bountiful care what tongue
It breathes in the air, it shines in
It streams from the hillsides, it
descends to the plain,
And sweetly distills in the dew and
Amazing grace how sweet the
That saved a wretch like me!
I once was lost, but now am found,
Was blind, but now I see.
'Twas grace that taugh my heart
to fear, / /
And grace my fears removed;
How precious did that grace ap
The hour I first believed.
Thru many dangers, toils and
I have already come;
'Tis grace that brought me safe
thus far, j
And grace will lead me home.
Yes, when this heart and flesh shall
And mortal life shall cease,
I shall possess within the vail,
A life of joy and peace.
Proprietors Twenty-six Cafes
Taken Into Custody in '
New York, April 9.-Disguised as
tourists, their motor car covered with
mud and dirt and their faces smeared
with mud, Izzy Einstein and Moe
Smith, New York's prohibition agents
today raided nearly two score cafes,
arresting 26 proprietors and employ
ees and seizing liquor valued by them
Seven nationalities were represent
ed in the list'of prisoners, who were
' rounded up after several hours' work.
The biggest haul was made in a
former saloon at 3335 Amsterdam
Izzy and Moe breezed into the
place this morning: "Did you enjoy
that speech last night" asked Izzy of
Moe as they approached the bar.
"I did not ,replied Moe disgusted
ly. "There was too much prohibition
in it" I . '
"What will you have, boys? asked
the proprietor, smiling.
"A little hooch," naively replied
The proprietor poured the liquor
in a glass and the two agents poured
it into -tubes which they carried in
their vest pockets. The owner, stun
ned and surprised, then was placed
/ Search of the place, Einstein said,
revealed 55 cases of champagne and
other imported wines, several cases
of gin and whiskey and scores of bot
tles of assorted liquor. Before pro
ceeding to the Bronx, Einstein and
Smith changed their disguises, as
suming that of coach drivers, high
hats and all.
"I don't like these Sunday funer
als," complained Izzy, as they walked
into the first Bronx saloon.
"Neither do I," replied Moe, "I
hate to work on Sunday."
The bartender, who served them
with liquor, agreed with them, say
ing "I'd like to go to the polo grounds
this afternoon, but the boss won't let
me off." \
"Sure he will," replied Izzy,
"Come along with, me"-and he flash
ed his shield. A summons was left for
They had no difficulty, the agents
said in getting liquor except in one
place, -where the bartender who was
serving near-beer, told them to "beat
it" and picked up an empty bottle.
Izzy and Moe walked, out satisfied,
they said, that there was no chance
o-f getting anything "on the bartend
' - 1 " * ?lid:
To Eliminate Empty Phrase i.
The committee on the revision of
the prayer book of the Protestant
Episcopal church recommends the
elimination in the marriage ceremony
of the promise by the woman "to
obey" and the pledge of the man
"with all my worldy goods I thee en
dow," and to disinterested outsiders
it seems that the commission reasons
well. Time long ago passed when a
wife obeyed her husband unless she
.. . so disposed and, as for the
pledge respecting worldly goods, it
lost its meaning and sanction even
A result of the retention of empty
phrases in the rite has been to bring
those parts of it that are beautiful
and solemn and ought to be binding
into disrespect. Perhaps at the mo
ment of taking the marriage vows
most men and women are impressed
with them but, before and after, they
speak^of them flippantly' This would
not be or it would be in smaller de
gree if the~rite contained no empty
The proposal of the commission is,
one infers, to leave no vow in the
marriage ceremony that does not
conform to the ideas of Christian
marriage that are now generally ac
cepted. That implies that the church
expects and demands of persons call
ing upon it to sanction a marriage, to
take with the utmost seriousness the
obligations of the marriage relation
ship as defined by it.
The Episcopal church has set itself
firmly against the severance of the
marriage bond except in circumstanc
es extraordinary and its practice in
discountenancing divorce steadily
grows more rigid. It behooves, there
fore, this church in particular to
leave nothing in its marriage rite that
would subject it to the attacks of
fault-finders or furnish a pretext to
anyone who has been married by it
to repudiate .it.-The State.
Eggs for Hatching.
Wyckoff and Tom Barron
strain White Leghorns, "the
best layers." $1.50 per setting
f. o. b. Edge?eld, $1.75 by
Mrs. Geo. F. Mims,
Edgefield, S. C.
Ih a new package that fits the pocket
At ? price that fits the pocket-book
The same unmatched blend of
TURKISH. VIRGINIA and BURLEY Tobaccos
? Guaranteed by
+ 111 FIFTH AVE.
"jj HEW YORK CITY
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