OCR Interpretation

Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, December 20, 1922, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026897/1922-12-20/ed-1/seq-2/

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pallete That Begin Laying Early in
Desirable Additions
? (Prepared br the United States Department
pf Agriculture.)
The Improvident man who sold his
?heating stove in July because the cir
jcus was near and the winter far ?ff
?differs only in the degree of his short
j sightedness from the poultry raiser
?who waits until spring to select the
?breeding stock that Is to be used to
?replenish his flock. This important
?work of picking out the superior birds
?must be done In the fall to get the
'best results, says the United States
?Department of Agriculture, for lt is
?then that the greatest contrast be
i tween the profitable birds and the poor
-ones shows up. Of course the culling
?out of the poor layers should go on
jail through the summer and fall, but
iat last the top-notchers should be
??elected as foundation for the coming
?flock, which ought to be better each
Never Use Immature Pullets.
One good rule to follow is to keep
?the pullets out of the breeding flock
; until they are fully matured. An im
! mature bird may be a good layer and
?may be from the best slock, but still
?lt is undesirable. Eggs from pullets
?not yet fully developed will not pro
iduce as large or as strong chicks as
[those from older hens or fully grown
j pullets. There ls no difficulty in know
ilng when a bird is mature enough to
be used as a breeder, as at that time
ithe eggs laid will have reached the
?size of the average produced by the
?general run of hens in the flock.
Vrame Dullets always lay a rather
. quently -"they" mase- up anouurr grwap
i that should be used In forming the
j breeding flock next spring. Leg bands
;may be used to distinguish these prof
itable birds, or, better, the early mol
fters may be marketed so that they
'will no longer have an opportunity to
?keep down the average egg production
?of the flock.
The general-purpose breeds, which
! Include the Plymouth Rocks, Rhode Is
lland Reds, and Wyandottes, as a rule
;are not profitable after the second
?year. It is therefore advisable to cull
. out all of the older birds of this class.
Of these, the late molters are the
?ones to select for breeders, just as in
the case of fowls of any other breed.
But the Selection of birds on the
?basis of age and time of molting is
not all the preparation that need be
made for raising the foundation for
the new flock. The health and thrift
,of the fowls must be looked after
I carefully during the winter. After
?selecting the breeding birds the poul
try house needs close attention. Keep
jlngNlt In sanitary condition is one of
the Important points ; ' also the com
' fort of the house, which is closely con
; nected with the health of the birds, j
Fowls are very sensitive to moisture
: conditions, and these should be con
i trolled carefully by ventilation. When
?moisture from the fowls gathers on
I the ceiling and walls there is apt to
(be trouble soon. In cold weather this
I moisture may collect in the form of
; frost, but the beat from the sun in j
! the middle of the day will melt the
frost, and the water, dripping down,
will make the litter wet. Hens are a
good deal like sheep in their sensitive*
.? ness to wet feet, either in the house
or when outside, and they cannot be
kept in. good health on damp litter.
A sick hen is* a hard proposition to
deal with if you expect to get out with
j a profit on her. It is a lot cheaper to,
depend on dry litter than on medicines
: to cure colds and roup. Roup is the
? sequel of colds, and when It gets Into
j a flock, as one poultryman puts it,
you are on the rocks.
Plenty of fresh air in the house Is a
; well-re cognized preventive of colds in
; humans, and it is just as efficacious
.'in the case of poultry. The open front
?house with cloth curtains is the most
'practical means for the average flock
owner to keep ther house thoroughly
aired, and the fowls will not suffer
from the cold if the building has been
properly planned ; also the egg produc-1
tlon will keep up. By going into the
house frequently In changing winter
weather it will be easy to judge of the
condition of the atmosphere and bring
it to normal by adjustments of cur
tains and windows. Moisture can be
;kept from accumulating by opening np
Fall Mature Quickest and Wilt Make
to Breeding Flock.
the house for a thorough ventilation
on sunny days.
The most successful houses, as found
by the experiences of hundreds of
poultry raisers and by experiments of
the Department of Agriculture and
State experiment stations, are from
16 to 20 feet deep If the open-front
plan is followed. From this point the
nearer toward the front the fowls are
moved the few?r eggs are produced. In
smaller houses the relative proportion
of openings tn the front of the house
must be reduced during the winter
months In order to keep the fowls
comfortable. Open fronts or openings
covered with cotton cloth are most
practical In deep houses.
Government Expert in Europe
Searching for Information.
Doctor Stakman, Minnesota Patholo
gist, Visiting Various European
Countries, Making Detailed
Study of the Disease.
(Prepared by the United States Department
of Agriculture.)
In the hope of finding facts that will
be of value in fighting the stem rust
of wheat in this country, Dr. C. E.
Stakman, agent of the United States
- -* A ....I ^.ni hinA ariA riot li
lted the principal wheat-growing re
gions, he found no stem rust on wheat,
eats, barley or rye. Although there
were many barberries, few of them
showed any signs of tliis rust, but in
Spain plant pathologists informed him
that the common barberry and an in
digenous species are responsible for
the early appearance cf stein rust in
the spring.
Doctor Stakman reports great inter
est In breeding and sel2ction of wheat
varieties resistant to this disease and
emphasizes particularly the work of
several eminent French investigators.
While traveling through France,
Spain and Italy he found little stem
rust, but this little was always asso
ciated with barberry bushes. The con
sensus of opinion in th-sse countries Is.
that, although stem rust does occur re
mote from the barberry, it develops
later in the crop season and causes
very much less damage than in those
sections where the shrub Is common.
There Are 1,960 Projects Dealing With
Agronomy Being Worked
Out by Experts.
The state agricultural experiment
stations are studying 4,770 specific
problems relating to the agricultural
Industry of the country, according to
a compilation of project subjects re
cently made by the United States De
partment of Agriculture. Broadly
grouped, there are 1.960 projects deal
ing with agronomy subjects, including
field crops, soils and fertilizers, or
about one-third of the total; 932 bo
tanical and horticultural problems are
under investigation ; animal-Industry
subjects, Including dairying and dalry
products, comprise about one-eighth ,
of the total, leaving three-eighths of '.
the projects for all other subjects.
Aged Live Stock Owner Sorry He Did
Not Begin With Purebred Cows
Years Ago.
"If I had started with a few pure
bred cows 30 years ago I would have
something that I would be proud of
now rather than a lot of nondescript ;
animals." This remark -was made to
a representative of the United States ,
Department of Agriculture by a live
stock owner seventy-five years old. 1
That even this age Is not too late to
make a beginning is shown by the
fact that he is a believer in purebred
sires and his herd, though not pure
bred, contains some grade Heisteln
More Livestock, Not Less
It is still teing repeated that those
who give information to the farmers
regarding methods of fighting the
boll weevil, are advising that they
quit growing cotton and substitute
other crops, livestock, for instance.
Of course no one having the kind
of knowledge entitling him to offer
information to the farmer has ever
done anything of the kind, but it
would perhaps be too much to ask
those who think rt popular to criti
cize experimenters and teachers of
a better agriculture to stop their false
statements, lit would deprive them of
the only thing they know to say, that
they think would be popular. The
writer has recently been asked:
"Why do you advise people to stop
growing cotton and go into the live
stock business when you surely know
that it is even more difficult for large
numbers of them to grow livestock
under their conditions than to grow
cotton under boll weevil condition^."
The only answer possible is, that
we haven't done it. But if we had ad
vised some to do that sort of 'th||g,
and they had accepted our adyjce,
they would not now be in any w^fee
condition. In fact, the man who stops
growing cottonentirely after the sec
ond year of boll weevil invasions-is
certain to come out better than the
non-resident landowner who contin
ues to 1xy to grow cotton with negro
tenants and without white supervi
sion, in the old way and un der the
old system of cotton as the only mon
ey crop. But that is not telling him
to stop growing cotton and go into
producing livestock.
We have told the average cotton
farmer, not after the boll weevils
broke him but before they came, to
increase his livestock production. We
here at this time and place repeat the
statement, not as advice, but as fac?,
that the man who finds and learns
how to produce anoth?r money crop
before the weevils reach him, and re
duces cotton acreage when the wee
vils begin to do damage, comes out
better than the man who goes on put
ting all his land in cotton in the old
way and depends on cotton as his
only money crop. We have stated
time and again that it was not a sub
stitution for cotton that the South
needed, but an additional source of in
come and a system of farming that
_1 J?__i. 1_? '-Ol
under boll weevil conditions and at
the same time build up the fertility
of these soils. But when we say that,
we are not advising the cotton farmer
to quit growing cotton, and try to at
once make himself a great breeder of
purebred livestock of himself. Some
seem to think that to "produce more
livestock" one must breed purebreds
fer breeding purpos?s. That is the
last kind of livestock production the
average cotton farmer should go into.
It may be true that most cotton
farmers will make as great a failure
with livestock as in trying to produce
cotton under boll weevil conditions,
but that merely means that they are
likely to fail with both. Such farmers
should not try to grow livestock be
yond their own farm needs, but
should find some other crop to take
the place of cotton on their poorest
lands, rather than go on with cotton
as the only crop, at least until they
have learned how to grow cptton in
spite of the boll weevils.
Successful livestick production is
not easy. The cotton farmer cannot
go into it and make it successful af
ter he has bankrupted himself trying
to grow cotton under boll weevil con
ditions. I
But there is no other real obstacle
to the making of some sort of live- J
stock production a source of addi- j
tional revenue and an economical i
means of increasing soil fertility, ex
eept the lack of a will to do so.
The South should not quit the
growing of cotton to produce live
stock, but we should produce more
livestock as an additional source of
revenue, and produce more livetock
as an economical means of enabling^,
us to produce more cotton on less
acres.-Progressive Farmer.
Trespass Notice.
Notice is hereby given that hunt
ing and all manner of trespassing
upon my land is prohibited and the
law will be enforced against all per
sons who fail to heed this notice.
This is meant for everybody, without
any exception.
Mrs. M. J. NORRIS.
fJR.ftlNti'S NEH tlESCOVEfitt
???I Surely Stoo Tua! Co?t?.
H. C. VI
A Jewelry Gift is not only ls
dim its memory nor fade its
simplest Jewelry Gifts you
;] Mesh Bag, Pencil, Toilet J
VVatch, Dinner Ring, Ear O
ments, Vases, Clocks.
Scarf Pin, Belt Buckle, Pent
Pocket Comb, Military Brus
Silver Spoon, Gold Locket,
The Fee System Again.
In a letter to the editor of The
News, not intended for publication, a
constructive citizen of the upper
section of Greenville county writes:
"One thing I think the legislature
should do immediately after it meets
is to put all county officers or. a sal
ary. I suppose it is not known how'
much some of them under the system
get, but I have been told that there
is at least one of them who receives
some $8,000 a year."
The fallacies and inequalities of
the fee system are notorious, having
been fully divulged during the long
period which the system has been un
der fire. This letter points out one of
the discrediting features of the sys
tem, the objections of a more se
rious nature. The fee system is un
businesslike and antiquated and in
piogressive states has been discarded
for years. It perpetrates glaring in
equalities, rewarding certain officers
richly and others, equally as imDor
_w...j mu coun
ties, Anderson and Spartanburg, took
the progressive step and placed offi
cers on a definite salary basis. Now
that economy is the keynote in coun
ty government it becomes more im
portant than ever that other counties
follow them, or else that the fee sys
tem of remuneration be abandoned
throughout the state by a single
stroke. The public can be of assist
ance in bringing about this reform by
doing as the writer of the above let
ter has done by making . its voice
heard in the matter.-Greenville
Inviting a New War.
Hugo Stinnes, the "German Rock
efeller," says that there will be war
eventually if France seizes the Ruhr
in January, as she is preparing to do,
in default of German reparation pay
ments. And though Stinnes is a very
much interested party, he is probably
right about it.
Germany may deserve such inva
sion. It would be a small penalty for
her sins co commission in the war and
of omission since. But Germany does
not see it that way, and will not. A
French army on German territory
would be a red rag to Germans.
Working and paying at the muzzle of
French guns would not have a paci
fying effect on the German popula
tion. If the Franch did succeed in col
lecting their debt by such means,
they would have to spend what they
collected for new armament, to pro
tect themselves against Germany in
the future.
1 It is a fair debt, moderate enough
when everything is considered. But
how to collect it is a baffling prob
lem. It is the newest of war prob
lems, in this industrial age. You may
defeat an enemy, when he attacks
you, but you can't make him pay.
It begins to look as if the Christian
formula, of loving your enemy and
forgiving him his# debts, were the only
logical and safe way, after all. It may
be necessary to do good to them that
hate you, for your own good, ma
terial as well as spiritual.
If France, by her present policy,
drives the Germans to new hatred
and desire for revenge, then sooner
or later there will be another war,
and perhaps the Germans will defeat i
isting but of ever-increasing int
beauty. Your children's chi
select this Christmast. Gifts
tions for Gifts Tha
: Diamonds, Necklace, Thii
irticles, Dress Pin Sets.
Pearls Beads, Bar Pins, La1
Tnaments, Vanity Case, Manic
Silverware, Candle Sticks, Ph
.^igar Cutter, Match Box, Tie
jil, Signet Ring, Watch Fob,
Cuff Links, Tie Cksp, Wat
hes, Set Ring, Vest Chain,
by Ring, Baby Necklace, Bab
Silver Fork, Silver Cup.
----?.1 -
France, and then in their turn fail to
collect what they think France owes
them.-Greenville News.
617 Broad St.
Telephone 679 Augusta, Ga.
Notice of Final Discharge.
To All Whom These Presents May
Concern :
Whereas, A. S. J. Miller as Execu
tor of the last will T???/,?. Miiior.
at my office at Edgefield Court
House, South Carolina, on the 13th
day of January, 1923 at ll o'clock
a. m., why said order of discharge
should not be granted.
J. P. C., E. C.,'S. C.
December 7th, 1922.
We Can Give Yoi
on Mill Work am
Large stock of Rough and D
Corner Roberts and Du
Wholesale Grocer
Com, Oats, 1
Kinds o
Gloria Flour and Dai
Our Le
Corner Cumming an
On Georgia I
?W See our representative
; THONE - 953
;rinsic value. Time cannot
Idren will cherish even the
of Jewelry are "GIFTS
t Last
nble, Brooch, Jewel Box,
falliere, Bracelet, Bracelet
ure Set.
it ure Frames, Table Orna
? Clasp, Lodge Emblems,
Watch Chain.
ch, Knife, Fountain Pen,
y Bracelet, Baby Pin Set,'
Summons For Relief.
(Complaint not served.)
The State of South Carolina
County of Edgefield
Court of Common Pleas.
The Bank of Johnston, Plaintiffs
Against B. W. Wright, J. F. Wright
and B. C. Wright, Defendants.
To the Defendants above named:
You are hereby .summoned and
required to answer the complaint in
this action which is filed in the of
fice of the Clerk of the Court of
Common Pleas, for the said county,
and to serve a copy of your answer
to the said complaint on the sub
scribers at their office at Edgefield,
?South Carolina, within twenty days
after the service hereof, exclusive, of
the day of such service; and if you
fai1 to answer the complaint within
k*y time aforesaid, the plaintiff in this
action will apply to the court for the
?relief demanded in the complaint.
Plaintiff's Attorneys.
Dated Nov. 28, 1922. -
P. L. COGBURN (Seal)
Clerk C. C. P., E. Co., S. C.
To the above named Defendants:
You will take notice that the origi
nal summons and complaint in the
above stated cause are now on file in
the office of the Clerk of the Court,
of Common Pleas and General Ses
si ons, in and for the county of Edge
field and State aforesaid.
Plaintiff's Attorneys.
ii Prompt Service
i Interior Finish
reseed Lumber on hand for
Lumber Co.
gas Sta., Augusta, Ga,
s and Dealers in
flay and all
f Feeds
i Patch Horse Feed
id Fenwick Streets
h R. Tracks
a, Ga.
V C. E. May.

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