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GOVERNOlfS MESSAGE. !
Gen'lemen of the Senate ami house of Ihpresenfatiit: Allow to mo to congratulate you upon assembling again, uudvr the most auspicious circumstances, to legislate upon tlic affairs of South Carolina, ami l?v the enactment of new laws, ami the estal.lishmen t of fresh precedents for her future cOrcrnment, i" promote her moral ami social welfaie, improve ami tlevelop her internal rest urces, ami to increase her commercial and political importance ninong neighboring Slates ami nations. Whilst the Constitution, under whoso provisions you are here assembled, imposes upon you that highest of all social re spousibilities, the task to provide for the welfare of the peoplo of the commonwealth upon mo devolve* the subordinate obligation to lay before you, from time to time, in formation of its condition, and to make Mie.lt recommendations as 1 shall judge necessary and expedient. The absence of a comprehensive political experience enables me but imperfectly to moot all the re piiroinents of such a duty. In inviting therefore, your co-operation to the recom mend at ions which I shall make, your wisdom and experience will carry into effect those which are advantageous; and for the rest that is demanded by the wants of the State, a safer reliance cannot be placed than in that patriotism and enlightened view of public policy, which nil tier all circumstances, cither in peace or in times of trial, have characterized your legislation. The year which is past has been one of signal prosperity to the State. Not on ly lias it been characterized by an unusual degree of health, but every department of industry exists in a condition of thrift and prosperity. Although the growers of cotton are tint reaping as large a yield for their labor as they at one peri >d anticipate 1. vet the present fair price for theic staple and a comparative freedom from det>t place the planters iti a condition of greater independence than tliev have enjoyed at any previous time. Their property, both real and pers >nal, is greatly increased in value, and fresh sources of revenue > re opened to then-., hy new, convenient, and more expeditious means of communication with the metropolis and other market towns. Improved modes of tillage and the importation from abroad of fertilizers for their Ian Is arc adding each year largo nmoti.r.* :<> the income <>f the SSttte, and are fast laying the foundation of a steady improvement and permanent wealth. If possible, the results of the year's labor among the tide*water planters arc even more fluttering. Tne seaam has been free front Hood or nnnsual gales, and the summer rants have placed at their disposal an abundance of fresh water for the luxuriant growth of the grain. The harvest has been heavy, and the prices which their grain crop at pros out commands, make it the most prosper ous of all the agricultural interests of the State?as indeed it usually is in the ah senee of those cal l initios which sometimes , . affect it. In addition to these facts, in this summary of the condition of the State the City of Charleston, exempt as it has been during the summer from every sort of epidemic, and presenting in its bills of mortality a condition of health which will compare favorably with those of any city upon the continent, has had a tide of commerce poured into her lap, which she has never before received. Both the domestic and foreign importations into the city have been effected to an extent nearly as great as in the entire business season of oilier years. Railroads leading into the interior, and into regions beyond theStafe limits, which have hitherto been in the progress of const ruction, are now performing their proper funeiioa, and conferring i. i > ?*. nicir c.\|>ecuM IH IH'IIIS. I til."', le^'llll'l' vriili lliogreat lie.-i'tli of the the city, has brought to her market new and va!u d?ie customers, and the daily increasing facilities by iail, to points still more distant, will, at no remote period, convert the present confines of the city, into the more oxtended limits of a great ntetrop > :s. The subjects to which I shall chiefly call your attention, ate the fmanc< * of tite State, the condi ion of the Rlu * Ridge Railroad enterprise, popular education, and subjects connected therewith, the condition of the Asylum for the Insane, the construction of a new Capitol, the noestion of boundary between Georgia .and S mth Carolina, t! e laws regarding colored seamen, and to ono of the articles of the consular convention l?etween the Government of the United States and bis M tjo sty the Kinnerorof the French. 9r * * Undoubtedly the most important measure which I shall bring to yourc msidera-' tion is the reformation of the present system of public instruction in the State. It", as lias been frequently stated, edu cation is the cheap defence of nations, and the permanence of republican institutions - depends upon the enliglu inent of their citizens, you have but little security for the wr.tsneritv and loionh...- ?' _ I" " ""*J I a/il %J 11J' ' \ j I FJucalion hah been provided by t!ie I.cgishituru but 1??r one class of tho citizens of tho State, which Is tho wealthy class. For i ho middle arid poorer classes of society it has done nothing, since unorganized system has Wen adopted lor that purpose. You have appropriated seventy-live thousand dollars annually to Free Schools, hut under t.he present luodo of applying it, that libeiality is really tho profusion of the prodigal, rather than the jitdic'on* generosity which confers real benefit.? The few who aro educated at the public expense in those excellent and truly useful institutions, the Arsenal and Citadel ieinies, form almost the onlv execution to tho truth of this remark. No Htate eate boast of nobler institutions than ?he South Carolina College and Military Schools. One has already conferred tin told benefit* on the State. In it have boon nurtured for half a century most of i tho character and genius of South Carolina, and it is now sust initig her reputation for scholarship and intellect. The others are dispensing such scientific and practiS?| cal hnowUdge as becomes more sensibly felt each ?h feeding day. lioth ought to reeeivo a* every way worthy, a contintiation of your care and benefactions. But *till thaw i? wftotiof * py*t?n> of public in?trucii >n, whi li will u.iuoito bettor, ?nd <% of all classes of her population. It sliou not bo an eleemosynary proffer to tlio whose pride and ignorai?c make the either reject the gift, or receive it witho benelit or gratitude; hut ra'her a foil tain flowing for all, at which they tin | freely partake. Upon the same scho forms and by the same masters should I taught the elements of education to i the youths of the State ; and let tho whose tastes or means enable them tc i so, j'lirsi!" th"se o.lier avenues ot knoi ledge which will lead them to a more ai bilious eminence and a wider tield of d plav. Hut let the basis of the educalii of the young ol the State ho laid in h primary schools. This will afford th I patronage which is necessary for tho su I poit of anv system. It will he not do immediately ; but l?y pursuing a ju< lions design, to ho carried into effect capable individuals, this end will be id mutely accomplished. Such, a design does not preclude the i istence ot private schools, Kxtciid instil lion, and the more instruction will he i ipiired. l'ierce this harrier ol prejudi and ignorance, which refuses all approa to the adoption of better views of pub instruction, and for one school already ? lahlishcd, fifty w ill spring into cxisten Ten years ago, twenty thousand adul besides children were unable to read a write in South Carolina. Has our fi school svstelll (listH'lle.l ?n? ?>t" this iirri. - i J ? 'b'" unco. Are there no lensonable fears be entertained that tlio number has i creased since that period } Are genet tiuns to come and go, a: d still see no ii jiroveinent in the education ofthe hutnl portion of your population ? If no ehnn is effected with increasing commerce, \vi 1,300 miles of railroad, with your mad nerv, with your merchants, engineers, ni chinHts ami meeliauics and your l'armc A reformation in public instruction, any be made, cannot bo e flee ted direel j by your agents. I recommend to you t establishment of a Hoard of Klucalk land the appointment of a Cotnmissior of Public Instruction, w hose duty it sh j be to gatlter facts with regard to thisSl> I and thoroiiehly inform hitiisuif upon I systems of such other governments as i ucate their people best, and report the l suit of his labors to the Hoard of Ov?t missioners, who together shall digest plan to be submitted to you for ratith ton or rejection. Pay them either by appropriation, or by a per centuge fiv the free school fund. The Hoard, I suggest, shall be appoi ed by you ; the Commissioners of Pub Ins. ruction to be chosen by I lie Trust* ofthe South Carolina College, by a with tin; consent of the Executive. Accompanying this communication i: letter, from the President of the Sou Carolina College upon the subject of Pit lie Education, which contains views so wi considered and able, as to induce mc lay it before you, with the hope that v< will give it such attention as the inipt tance of the subject demands. * * ' * * * I I shall now proceed to lay before y< I a subject whirli *.vill engage your jug<l meat as well as interest your sympathi ! Undoubtedly anions the lirst duties government are to legislate for the set ritv of life and proper y, and the prot? lion of morals. Next in order ta the c neat ion of all classes of citizens. T third is to make provision for those wi by natural or other infirinalivcs are un bio to care properly for themselves the atl'airs of 1 fe. Among all nations t performance of this latter obligation is gmled as the highest ev idence of enligl meiit and civilization. Those who re: ceted by their fellow men by reason , their superiority of intellect to provide I nil tlicir social and political wants, oug ] surety to he such as are most regardful I the condiiion of that class of society fro whom the light of intelligence and reas< ; has been removed, and who are alreai ! the most happy of mankind, j In llie year 1821, when the A?ylu \ for the Insauo of this Slate was est a lished, the arrangements made for its i | mates were far in advance of any siinil institution, not only in this country but ' Kurope. In it the system of coercion w aboiiilied to a greater exton' than any ot J er similar establishment; the person comforts of the patients more amply pr v;d? d for; and the whole system, as ft merly adopted in the Hicetre and Salj tri. re, where the insane were regarded j condemned felons or brutes,, was super; : tied by a more gentle and Immune iremeat. Hut since that period, whilst tl I institution, from the character ofihebuil ing erected for the accommodation of, 1 tients, together with its unfavorable lot ! lion and the limited exit nt of the groun i about it, lias from necessity remain stationary, others, both in this count and in Kurope, liavo left it f.?r behind the improvements which science *nd t I periencu have suggested ; and they tic I present us in turn examples from wlii our own system can be greatly amende I have made it a portion of my pn < lie duty to examine into tlie condition (lie Suite Asylum for lunatics, and tlio t I suit of my observation lias been to recoi I mend to you a thorough! change from i the present arrangements. Provision made only for 120 patients?ngair about 400 lunatics, which are estimati i as the number in the State. The accoi mod nions, therefore, are too small; ai thodntie- of legidaliou upon litis subjc will bo but nnperfecjy discharged as lot as there remains a single lunatic with her limits unprovided for. The situation within the corporate limits of the town i Columbia, exposing the inmates, witlio the possibility of avoiding the difficult to all '.he noise and bustle which preva in a city, thus defeating very often all tl regulations for their perfect repose by tl I Physician and Superintendent. A loc lion in the country, surrounded by a far and gardens, with other conveniences air and exercise, are regarded asindispe vablo to a lil*Ot>er Irnutin?n? r?f mala/It ' of the mind. TntM advantage* Cftnni bo lia?l in it* present |K>sition,nor can lli? ever be a sufficient increase of accotnod tion from the limited extent of thegrouw as will inert with the present wants, ftt lose for those in the future. * The construction of the edifice is a tog ether defective. The population witl in /ire so thrown together as to prevet any thing like ft olnssification of the p ti< fl's. The r-fined and sensitive, mot i* \ ' aQ1, f IJty ' '> V f Id | alive perhaps to uncongenial nssociatioi se than persons of sound mind, am from u Ui i cesaitv mnd? to associate to some exte ut with those who by their misfortunes ha u- descended to the lowest thoughts Hi iv habits possible for huiuaii beings; so tli ol from this cause many patients of the fori be ; er class arc under the necessity of bei ill : provided for by their friends without t so [ State, institutions w liich aro more ju< lo i eiously arranged. The basement, whi ?- was intended lor patients of a certain d< u- ; cription, and which perhaps is one of t is- i structure, from its excessive dampness a in i wretched ventilation is totally unfitted er habitation. Thedomitories also, or rati at calls, for they can hardly be dignili p- with a name implying convenience a no comfort, are not large enough for a pers ii- in health, still less arc they adapted to by 1 class whs, from one of the peculiarities ti- i their disease, require a greater amount pure air. Their dimensions are six f IX- by eigbt, and ten feet in lnght, affordi ic- , only 361 mbic feet of air, which by p re- sons scientifically and practically ucqtiai cc ; ed with the treatment of insanity is ch ' garded as but little tucra than h lie enough. ds- From the confined limits of the grou ce. & the necessity for fresh air and ex ere ts, ' for the inmates of the Asylum, pcrmissi nd j has been given to a portion of them ce | w ane on me public highway ami in t ir- I street under careful restrictions; tut ru to i liberty lias always been attended w in- j results so unpleasant and injurious, tl a- ' the authorities have been forced to tin in- i their movement to circumscribed con >le ' of a single acre of ground, where 1 go ; natients are assembled, and so shut in th | building and wall as aiinost to exclu lii- . from them the mire air of heaven, a ia- | nine iruin uieir mow us nine skv. rs? I The institution has been mangled, if ' my opinion, with great judgement a Lly ability. 1 believe that nobody of Kegel ho i" auv Asylum are more able or enligl in, ened in their views tl nit those who p ier side over the n flairs of this. 1 believ all them to he active and benevolent in t ite | discharge of their duties. So also wi he ; the Physician and Superintendent. Th d- ! make t ie best use of the means and n re- | pliances which :uo afforded llieiu. li in- j under more favorable legislation at yc a ! hands .hey can achieve more. It is , :a- ascertained fact that, in a properly c< an structed building, located in the counti mi ' with suffteieiit area of ground about i and other advantages known to scienti .t- I men, the rale of cure is about fifty to six lie per cent. Under circumstances the i >cs verse of these, the rate is only about ! rid per cent. Is not ibis then an occasi f. r the exereNe of your beneficent ai s a j liberal interposition? th I 1 stihn it t?you, therefore, the propria b- j of removing the Asylum to some com ell i nieiit Jc healthy country location neart to town, and give to the insane a habitnti on 1 constructed upon newer and letter pri >r- c'j>les, which shall he to them a cotnfoi ' able and agreeable residence, where tin ! happiness and health can he promoted I mi In proper classification with other grc |e.- id vantages. Kimble them to enjoy t es. | fresh air, the sky, and the reerea'ums of be derived from the cultivation of trr u- I ami flowers, and to see nature in I *e j thousand pleasant for;,is. Enable th d- guardians rr? induce them to take an i lie | trost in sariounding agreeable ohjev lio i Slid i.iseiisihly to woo their minds frc ia- the contemplation of the secret sources in their own excited fancies, and he proit he ling their innocent and admissible pie; iv- urea prevent them from brooding in lioj ,t- less despondency upon that chaos of ide; sc- which momentary gleams of iiitclligcn of j only serve to make mure terrible [br ! them. lit During the pint year the sunt of *3' of i 000 was appropriate ! to \?>u to cnlnr in the Asylum. A ]K>rtiou, I believe nix >ii *13 ,000 has been expended in pruvidi !v temporary accomodations without t walls. A moderate appreciation by t m SLvUi nnimullv \iilli tlm ? ?. ..I.. -.I,. ,,, | - f vmw mi in (III V'lIU^ ,b- | the hands of the Regents,will in the coui i>. j of ii few yearn erect new ami impaov :ir buildings, in a situation better adapted in the ends in view. When such a in as | building has been inadc to progress h- i wards completion, the State can l>c reft ml ' *ie<l to tin: extent of a portion of ilsouil o- by the sale of the present Asylum p ,r. petty which is valuable, anil beeoutii >f more so daily, with the increase in t as value of real estate in the town, it-. At your Inst session an appropriation ?t- Fifty Thousand Dollars was made t*<>r i ,1s continuation of the const ruction of t | new Capitol, and during the past year t >:i> j work has progressed to an extent co a- 1 menaurate with the amount apprnpriati ,'a , I he plans have all been perfected by t L./| i skill of a competent architect, who Ii rv Iso the supervision with the Commissi in of the whole work. Ample nod com x nient. arrangements are made for nil t >w departments of the State Government, a e|t the building, when completed, will Ik* o ?d. of the most elegant, commodious a lb- desirable in the Union. Every improi of tnont which modern skill has devised h re- been incorporated in the plans. T n- granite of which it is cotistructe 1 i? fom (til in great abundance convenient to the hoi is If completed upon tiio plans already < mt terinined upon, (at a 'cost in my judja ed ment by no means unreasonable,) this i ii- ifice will be fresh in its massive strong h) and beauty when many generations sh; ct have passed away, and will remain I !g ages a monument of your taste, 8tn in pride, and liberality. I recommend su in J iibernl appropriation* na will warrant of Hctivo ami cnergolic prosecution oft ,,t work, ami insure iu early completion. V 0*000 ils JOHN L. MANNING, lie Novkmukii 28, 1' 63. a- Local an a Chops.?Tito Kichtnoi m (Minliaon Parish) Journal of (lie 111 of uaa the following concerning tlio crops n- that aociion of the 8late: "A recent tr ca through thin and some of lite neighborii r?t parishes, has convinced ua that the cn re in thia portion of the State will fall co a- aiderably below what we had previous Is anticipated. While some few of o H planters will make an average crop, mm j the largest number will fall greatly I ^ hind. In this Parish, many of them w r,t finish pickittg before the end of Utisjnon a- and nearly all a w'eek later."?AtMhrih re Courier. i is, | List of Appointments ie-, OF S. C. CONFERENCE. nt vt? Ciiaklkston Dist.?II. A. C. Wulkei nd P. K. iRt Chabliston.?Trinity : II. C. Parson* id- Cumberland : J. T. Wightman, am ng Whiteford Smith. Im Bethel : Joseph Cross. i)|. St James: A. McCorqundale. ch Cooper River Circuit.?D. J. Simmon* L-s- Cypress.?WAV. Flem ning, W. 11 uttc lie \\ alterboro.?W. P. Mouzcn, 1 to b nd supplied. for Orangeburg.?W. II. Law ton, J. S. Ei ler vin. ed Black swamp.?M. A. McKibben, I ml I >. Boy den, on Cooper River Mission.?Abner Ervin, ii St. Andrews.?[I To bo supplied.] of Bon Pon.?W. C. Kirk land, of Round O.?P. A. M. Williams, out Aslicpoo.?P. G. Bowman, ng Combahce.?J. It. Coburn. 11. A. Bium er- Savannah River.?J. D. W. Crook, J nt- S. Conner. re- katee.?[1 To be supplied.] alf Kdi Mo and Jahossce.?C. Wilson. Beaufort.?G. W. Moore, C. O. La )d, motto. ise Georgetown Dist.?Charles Belts, P. I on Georgetown Stn.?C. II. Pritchard. to Black River Circuit.? II. E. Ogbun he W.W . Jones. oh Cotiwayboro.?D. McDonnel, R. \\ itii Burgess. iat Marion.?R. P. Franks, L. M. llamci nit Bennetville.?L. M. Little. rts Darlington.?S. Jones, J. T. Dubose, 70 Marion Station.?J. Stacv, by Cheraw.?J. W. Miller, d"0 Santee Mission.?M. Kadv, G. W.Stoke nd ndp t.?Thos. Mitchcl, Black River and Pee Dee.?J. L. Sim in ford, 1>. A. Ogburne. no B'ack Mi.igo.?Joseph Parker, its Wnccsmaw.?M. L. Banks, W. Cai lit- *on. re- Societv llill?I. P. Hughes. ...I i v Ul >- ? V . ?? ?? *. ItWOM* |ie Lilarty Chapel Mission.?A. P. Murlii ill, Coi.cmma I)ist.?W. Crook, 1*. K. ,.y Coluiubiii, Washington street.?C. Mui ip. cbisoii :ut *' Maiioii street?W. E. Boone. ?ur " Circuit.?.1. A. Minic't. :U1 Barnwell.?A. M. Chreitzborg. hi Chester?J. Fleming. rv, Fairfield?Williamson Smitli. j*it Lexington?A. B. McGilvnry, E. A fic Trice. ;tv Suinptcr?S. II. Brown. J. Santce?J. T. Kilgo. 22 Congaroe Mission?X. Talloy. ?n Graniteville and Aiken?C. MeLeod. nd Upper Santee?A. 1\ Avnnt, 1 to b supplied. ty Winnsboro and Chester Station?D. J ?. Meynardie. he Sumtcrvillc?F. A. Moral. i?n Cii aklottk Dihtkict?1 >. Derrick, 1 in- E. rt- Charlotte Circuit?.1. M. Bfadlv, I rir Mav. l>v lLnnc.15.ter? A. J. Caulheit. at P'c.'usant Grove?W. C.Clarke, ''.fc Concord?P. F. Kistler. to Alberinnrle?W. M. Fosterling, es Wadeshoro?J. \V. J. Harris, A. I icr Smitli. oil Chesterfield?D. \V. Seale. in- Charlotte Station?J. A. Mood. Is, Catiiden?Wm. Martin, mi Wadeshoro?W. W. Mood, of Watgree Mission?S. W. Capers, K. I 10- Capers. is- Longtown?J. A. Porter. >o- j Landsford?T. A..Johnson. as, I Si'aiitanbcko District?II. II. Dr ec ; rant, P. E. to Spartanburg Circuit?A. G. Stacy. liutherford?J. II. Uobinson, 1 to h 0,- supplied. go L neolnton?If. M. M?kk'. ml 1 lallas?dohu Finger, ng C i'.awl a- -S. Scarhrougl. lie Shelbv?D. D. lU ?r?_ lie Morganton?A. W. Walker, in McDowell?G. W. Ivy. r*e Lenore?W. S. Haltom. ed Yorkvillc?11. S. Abernntliv. to Stiurtanburur Station?W. A. Gam< u\v well. to- Yorkvillc?J. W. North, in South Mountain Mitsion?H. G. Jonci ay CoKMBrnr Di>th:ct?S. Leard, 1*. I ro- " Circuit?J. W. Kelly, ug Edgefield?M. Puckett, G. \V. Creigli he j ton. Abbeville?J. H. Zimmerman, of! Pendleton?T. Kaysor, 1 to be siij lie I plied. lie ! Pickens?W. A. Clarke. lie j Greenville?\V. C. Patterson. in- Lauren*?K. J. Herd. vl.! Union?W. A. Mc wain, A. II. Lestci he Newberry?S. Townseiul, 1 to be huj in* plie?l. on Mount Try on?W, II. Currie. e- Abbeville Station?C. S. Walker, he Greenville?O. A. Darby, ml New berry?J. 11. Picket, ne JoliHiKer, Mission?A. II. Harmon, ud Missionary to China?Charles Tayloi *c- B. Jenkins. as Editor of S. C. Advocate?W. M lie Wierhtmnn. nd j Prof, in N.C, University?A. M.Ship) rk. | J'resident of C. K. College?T. It. Wals Is- Cokcsbiiry School?Jus. W. Wighl :? man. d- I a-ft without an appointment on accoun th ! of ill health?J.S. Munds. American Ingenuity. vh Matters tlint nlmoit think. Among th 1,11 multitud'imiis objects in tho patent olli?',u I at Washington, and which M uvideno what akin van do, ia an invention th* ph lc* up pina front a confused heap, turn them all around with their head* up, an< sticks them in paper in regular rows.? Anothei machine goes through the whol process of rigs* making, taking in tobac eo leaves and turning out the perfec >? article. Ono machine cuts cheese, an 'P other scours knives and forks, anothe W blacks boots, another rocks the cradle; an< ?P seven or eight take fa washing and ironin) n* Another patent ia for a machine thn 'T counts the passengers in an omnibus an< ur takes their fare; when a fat man gets in i'h it counts two, and changes double. Ther is a variety of funs that load thsmselvei ill also a fish-line that adjusts its own bait tb and a rat-trap that kills and throws awaj ,A the rat, then ba'U and sets itseIC mm and stands in the corner for another. SSaSfei*' wStS* -. " fa. LEGISLATURE OF 8. CAROLINA. Friday, December 3, 1853. IN SENATE. ' The Senate mot. Petition# were preset ^ ted by the following member# : Messrs.Witherspoon, Ingram, Moses, Cnlhom Moorman, Carn, Porter, Carew, Marshal Bull, and others. ^ A message was recoived from the Govt J nor, enclosing an invitation to attend th exercises of the South Carolina College o .. the 5th instant, and a communication rch tive to iAixembourg claims. Head and ri J. fcrred. A resolution from tho House, repealing provision requiring publishers to furnis printed copies of advertisements, &c? in rei deling accounts against the State, was n jcctcd. | A report from a committee appointed t [ examine into the affairs of the Branch Ban at Camden, was made, and ordered to b printed. The resolution ottered yesterday by M - : Porter, directing the Governor to present j sword or some other suitable testimonial ( '* j respect to Captain Duncan N. Ingraham, ( | tho United States Navy, as a suitable tribut , from his native State for gallant and titer , j torous conduct in the case of Koszta, wt taken up. After a brief allusion to the ii r eidents connected with this interestingaflai by the author of the resolutions, and sow appropriate and patriotic remarks upon th ' subject, the resolution was unanimously tu i opted, and sent to the House for its nntioi '* I Mr. Mazyck offered a resolution, whitwas adopted, calling upon the Committc i nC Agriculture, to inform the Senate, firi j the number ef subscribers to the stock < I the Hlue Ridge Railroad, with the amont I of stock taken by them ; the number of sill ' scribers in Georgia to said road, and the i amount of stock. Secondly, the amount < i. strek taken in the Knowillc and ("hurlesto i j Railroad ; how much by individuals, nil r- 1 how much by counties towns, and otlu | public bodies; the precise terms-condition <ic., agreed upon for constructing tho roa< with the names and resitloncc of the contrni tors; location and estimated eost of tli road; whether any survey has been made t k avoid mountain tunneling; the length ? survey for the road; beyond tho States < Sou'.h Carolina, North Carlina Georgia an Tennessee: whether the road has been ? definitely located as to ascertain tho nurnlx of cubic feet ef excavation, 5. C., nud h 41 whom such location has been in-.Je; r.;,u t I furnish the fact* and d'te upon which th j Governor make* bis statement in referrenc i to this v'ork u, nis iate annual message, an , | by W iiotn inch estimates have been ina<! and furnished, y Mr. Marshall, from the committee I whom the subject had been referred, repo ted against reducing the salary of the Adji bint General to 8500, anil prop >sing tl wnbstiti tion of $1,500. Also, reported favor of paving John J. Bowman $105 f< a horse lost in the Florida war. l?cidovc Also, reported favorably upon a bill orgai ixing certain ride companies in Charleston Mr. Cannon gave notice of intention l iutroduce a bill concerning the in*pecti? ' of llour in Charleston. Also, a bill mnkir it peremptory on judges to grant bail in ec tain cases. Mr. DeTroville gave notice of intcntii 1- to introduce a bill to provide for the moi prompt administration of justice. The following bills were introduced: v By Mr. Marshall, to alter the sitting 1 the courts of the western district; and t transfer the courts of the Spartanburg di triet to the northern district. By Mr. I'ortcr, to enlarge the powers 1 the City Council of Charleston, Sio., to r new and nmend the charter of tho 8ta Bank ; to incorporate the Ceutral Bank < Charleston. * By Mr. H.irllce, to charter a company t construct a railroad Irein the junction oftli Camden and Columbia branches of ll V South Carolina Raiiioad to Hamburg. These bills were severally referred to a) propriate committees. i no oenaic uinua w un the House in It election of a Treasurer for tlio Lower L t. vision, and certain Commissioners in Equ t) ; after which it adjourned to Id o'cloe to-morrow. r> IN TUB HOUSE OF REPRESENTA TIVE8. The Ilonsr met. A numl?erof petitini were presented an J referred. A message wan received from the I*o< nor, enclosing an invitation to attend tit annual exercises of the State College, Ai Head and referred. r? Mr. Charles, from a special joint cpn uiiltce Hp|M>intcd nt tlie I ;st session. ma< ' a report in r*-ji??rtl to the affairs ot tl Branch Hank at Camden. Read and r *? ferred ' Mr. Cross n, from committee to whoi '* was referred a |>etil?on from the llet?eriiia Society of Columbia, asking nn act of ii 'I corporation, rejtoried favorably thercoi Laid over. Mr. Tillinghast, from committee mad a report on the subject of grants of vocai lands. e Mr. McGowan presented the nnnual r< e |kmt of the Greenville and Columbia K?i e road Company. Referred, it The following bills were introduced; ? Hy Mr. Muilius, to construct a rnilron el from the Camden and Columbia hranc - to Hamburg. To regulate the diatriht e tion of the appropriation* to free school By. Mr. Owens, providing for the if i speotion of lumber in Charleston, i- By Mr. Hampton, for the formation < r the Columbia and Hamburg Railroa j Company. f By Mr. Rice, to exempt a eeruin i t mount of property from execution an i sale. ' By Mr. Clawson, to amend an act 1 6 repeal all a<ta and parte of acta authori ' tng onlinariea to taae poaeeesion of an i, administer derelict estates. f By Mr. Anderson, to amend the eh* I ter of the Lea reusable Railroad Compaaj The House nnited in an election ofth f' . . ' HHEc. , ~ d&BBBA following; officer* : Treasurer of the Lov er Division, Commissioner* in Equity f< the Districts of Anderson, Marion, Che terfield, Marlboro, Lancaster, Beaufor and Spartanburg; and for Master i i- Equity for Charleston District, and f< _ Register in Equity for Charleston Di lt trict. I At a subsequent period the vote f< Treasurer of the Lower Division was ni nounccd, and Mr. W. J. Laval was d clared duly elected. No report of tl other v..tea was made. Thq following notices of intention to ii J" troduce bills were given : Ry Mr. Hampton, to incorporate tl Columbia Iron Manufacturing Compnn * Ry Mr. O'Rrvan, to sell the poor lam h of St. Rartholouiew's Parish. i. Ry Mr. Owens, to amend the law r u- luting to suits between landlords ar tenants. Q Ry Mr. Hunt, for the more pcrfe k ndininistration of justice. Ry Mr. Mullen, to establish a brano ,c of the Rank of South Carolina, at Marir I Court House. r- ! Ry Mr. Leitner, to convert the Ar* a nal, near Charleston, into a militai )f school. >f Ry Mr. Mitchell, to amend the Consl tc tution of this Statu in relation to nisi nor of electing public officers by tl 1S j Legislature. Ry Mr. Tillinghast, to charter the Cha lestou and Savannah Railroad Con r' pany. Adjourned to 12 o'clock to-morrow. ie a? I- Wofford Coli.kok.?We hear fro a- the South Carolina Conference, now region nt Newberry, under the control ? which hodv this new Institution is plac< *t 1 r that the follow ing Roard of Professors h; >r 0 ^ been elected: w ! Rev. W. M. Wight man, D. D., Pre ir I Jei.t. if James II. Carlisle, K*?p, of Culuniti n Professor of Mathamatics. d l\?tri?-k Duncan, A. a!., of Kandol| r i M.icon College, Professor of Anciel * Literature. '' V'urrcn Dupre, A. M., Professor Chemistry, Mineralogy, Ac. ll?v. A. M. Sliipp, A. M., Professor ,f English Literature. ,f The Conference was ptogressiug hsrii d otiioudy with its labor*, and was \v?. o attended. g.? say .t the Carolinian. v I America* Imkht.nck ik Spasm .0 American Countries.?It is (says tl ie Washington Star) the settled conviction 1 !e those in authority here, we apprchen ,j that the governments ami people of Soul lo America lire rapidly becoming anxious f. the extension of commercial relations wil the United States, ami indeed, any hi 0 every possible increase of aft?orintion wil r~ us likely t<? indontify them with u> ino "* immediately in interests. This state ,f things is believed to be tho result of tl in Autei icanizalion of Texas and Californi r which in spite of the national infltie? ?e* r. our Mexican war upon the min is of tl n. Spanish American race, so plainly tel L tlie tale of the bettor economy, publ to and private of the laws nml institutions ( our countiy. Indeed, even in tho boa of Mexico, tho sentiment to whieh v refer nbnve is undoubtedly spreadu r" among all class*-* of the people. Tho result of this growing feeling en ,n hardly fail to manifest itself shortly in oi re commercial and diplomatic transactio j with South America, where wo shou rightfully I nvc inueli more extendi ?f markets tlum at present. s- Foreign News. ^ j.' Hostilities have commenced?Uood h e teen wliesl-?the bull of a general Europ t(, an war has teen set in motion, and it [>f beyond the reach of human kind to 11 vine where it will stop, or what will I o i tiie tinal result. All Kiimpf has be? ic looking on with almost breathless an 10 ielv, l>nl now (lie spell U broken, hi ohcIi kingdom in.ist 11 ant en to take tl 'J* place assigned it in the blooody ?1 ran now to be enacted upon the vast llient l( of Europe. j. Thus far the 'l urkn have tlio best oft! k game, which may fire thin to deeds of ft nobler daring. The force* whicli tl Sultan can bring into llie field are mu< more formidable than was at first ant it pnted, and it tnay require something mo than a mere pleasure excursion to drii is 1 theni trom the high and menacing poi v- tion they have now taken. i6 An ahla correspondent of a Frcnc ' ? Journal, writing from Constantitinp! f estimates the Turkish army in Kuro|ie i |e 130.000 men awl the Russia force i i?* v?ino 10,00() short of that figure. Thei e- is, then, no great disparity in the Ian forces. The combined Turkish and Kgvj II lisn ficeu amount to 46 vessels, while th 1. Russians, at last accounts had hut 2", a. What part France ami England will tak i* yet uncertain. Hut if Russia goes la IC yi'wl the l'rincipalitiea, and nttacka Cot ,l *untin(?j)l?*, tli? mutter will no longer I f_ doubtful--France and England will bot I- be compelled to act, and a general an protracted Enrr?|>ean war will be the cot sequence. The rourae of Aoatria ? jt *(i uncertain; it ie scarcely to be eupfkoet r however, that abu wilt deeert her ol a. friead and ally. She dare not even if eh t- would. It ia atill the opinion of aotiu that a general European war will be avonl ?l. No viaible panic in the markets ha d yet appeared. The money market, botl of France and England, remain Arm. W '* hope the ctfuaiou of blood may be apare d and that t>*sce may yet rule 'beyond tb water.? VorkvilU Rtmrdy. ? ? m ?a j llooa^?Tkere waa a large drove ( bogapee?ed lliroagh our village on tb ?8tb. The drovers demanded 4 l?leeat M gross. The genera I opinion, However i r. that tho price trill be isdesed aiejget* ,? I below 4 HounP&tmm r From th4 Mercur y * >r To the Ladies of^he Booth. T t? A descendant of Virginia, and now * ^ , in daughter of Carolina; moved by feelings s of reverence for departed greatness and goodness, by patriotism and a aenae of it national, and above all,-of Southern honor i- ventures to appeal to you in behalf of the 1 e* "home and grave" of Washington. ' Ladle* of the South, ofa region of warm *J generous, enthusiastic hearts, wliore there " still lingers some unselfish love of country's jf, ,c honor, somechivalric feelings yet untouch- Mb Y cd hy that "national spirit," so rapidly oversliudiug the moral of our beloveds**^* , e- land?a moral blight, fatal to man,s no id blest attribute', and which love of monay and speculation alone s?mmiis to survive,? cl to you we turn, you, who retain some j reverence for tlio noble ilend, rome ndtni,n ration and remembrance of exalted worthr and service even whero they nre no morol A Of you we ask: Will you, can you, look t r-N 011 passively and l?ehold the home ami * [j. grave of the matchless Patriot, who it so" * a- cnmplctely identified with your land, sold k ic as a ]>ossevson to speculative lnachanist*. I without such a feeling of indignation ^ firing your souls as shall cause you to* ^ rush with one heart and spirit to the res- / cue! 4 Ladies of the Rout, can you be still with closed miiiU and purses, while tlio world 1,1 cries "Shame upon Ameri ??," and suffer Mount Vernon, with all its sacred assoc:- & ations, to become, as is spoken of ami probable, the seat of matiufaclurcrcs and 7l nianufactorh-s; nois and smoke, and the sl "busy hum of men," destroying all san> , tity and rejHwe around the tomb of your * la own "word*?" Oh, it cannot be j?ossiblet I What, such sacrilege, such desecration, w hi'e you have the hearts to feel the shame | and the power to prevent it? Never; . j Forbid it, shades of the dead, that the t * j rilgrams of the shrine of true patriotism ^ ! should find the forgotten, nnd surrounded * ' j by blackoning smoke ami deafening ma- > ehinery, where money, iiu ovy, only money , * II * ever enters the thought, ami gold, only # gold, moves the heart or moves the arm! Once our Congressional II dls were the ) |e resort of wisdom, integrity and patriotism: J i,f wheic enlightened hnada ami upright i >1, minds sought to fulfil their ofH ial obli- * 1 \ ''' gat ions, by comprehending and faithful* J? ly executing the "glorious code of laws" ?| which liound u? into one common country lb and h!so by vicing with chcIi otlicr, who ^ i ic ! should adJ moat to that country's weal ' ' at home, and glory abroad. Hill all seems , I J # j changed. Wasliiugton, and hi* |irijanp!cs j ,,l and his spirit, nppoar no longer to infill- A j ir : cnee the City which lanrsbis n iim-V O! t lij '* ! who that hare a spark of pa'riotism. but. Uj. j must tnouru such early degeneracy, when, rJ they see who fill our legislative hall-, amf x to crowd our political Metropolis Who can ig restrain a pang of slmme, when tiiev !* - I iiol.l I lie annual rush tliiili?*r of joliWr* and Imuntv-seekers, of office aspirations ii r * l|s and trucklers, of party corrupter* and corrupted?mII collecting like * flock of sd vultures to their prey? powling and polluting the grave and high pur|?o*es of legislation. I.'I'Iioh of the South! shoal,! we Appeal ? nit to *acli a* this to protect the grave of ' * Washington froin the grasp of the specuit Intor and worldling! And should we nj |j. i [real either to r through your Kenan*"* m |k> ! and Representative*? What h ire they "* ii ( done, or would or could d<?, in that m, %. i philic air. ni I No; it is to von, mother* a".! il iugh10 . tors of the South, that appeal can l?o in ' made with a hopeful confidence, ft i* 10 1 woman** office to l?e a vestal; and oven I the "fire of liherty'* may ueed the care of ie her devotion, and the purity of her guardill Unship. Your hearts are fresh, reverie entisl, and aniin tied hy lively MUsihilf;b tie* and elevating purposes. With you, :i- therefore, patriot ism has not yet become ft re name. And should there ever lw ngain >c "time* to try men's sonl*/* there will be ii- found among and of you, a* of old, heroine*, superior to fear and selfish con* >h adoration, acting foe country and ita V, It Helieiing this, o.ic <4 your country* it women feels euilsohlcned to appenl in the . ' name of the mother of Washington, nn<f \ d of Southern feeling and honor, to nil thai >. in sympathetic jind generous in your na* lure, to exert itself, and by y>ur combined 1. effort now, in village an I country, town 0 anil city, the means may be raised from v the mitea yf thouaanda of gentle hearts, ' i* upon whom his name has yet a mughi e spell, which will suffice to securo and o? b tain hia home and grave as a sacreil spot * d for all coming time, t- A spontaneous work like thra would bo rt such a monument of lore and gratitude, 1, as has nerer yet been reared to purest 4 patriot or mortal man; and while it would e save American honor from a blot in the >, eyes of a gasing word, it would furnish I- a shrine where at least the mothers of the * land and their indignant children, might ^ make their offerings in the eauee el the ?j |y v wgninj m mCW CV^lRl II fe known lo yon that Con gram 1>m virtually declined to purahato and pro- , 4 nerve Mount Vernon m behalf of tba 4 nation. Yet there b wow nbtwUy fer , 'J immediate action, as scheme* are on Ami ,t <br Ha purcha* l.y Northam capita!, ami r, it? derotk* to nrmy-mnking verpoer.