OCR Interpretation

The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, September 20, 1865, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026909/1865-09-20/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

E- %m IF- -V p; IR I )
- - - - - - - -
__THE ___RH ___
-S A -F P -. . E E
voLME 1. NEWBERPY, s. C.. VEDNESDAY; SEPT. 20, *185.~ - .
At Wewberry C.,H.,
By THOS. F, &R. H. GR. E 8.
-Paymor' reqvired invariably in advance.)
&tisementsinsert,-d a*1,50 percsquare, for
first inmertion, $1 for each subseqtent insertion.
Alarr'age notices, Funeral invitafion Obituaries,
r.d Communications of personal interest charged
as adiertisements.
- Nickerson's Hotel,
TIE undersigned, having leased
BUILDING known as the "Colum
ia Female College," will open it as
FIRST-CLASS HOTRL, 'on September 7.
. , T. S. NICKERSON, Proprietor.
Aug. 23, 35-5t..
Of Newberry and S'Surrounding
Districts. -
'We have opened a full.assortment of
Boot Ad ho MateriM4s
as follows:
-Crimnping Roard, }en's R.and L-Lasts,
.SAing afts - Wonieus & 31isses do.
Peg do. Shoe Nails,
Ink in Plits, " Nipners,
- ('13amp WAb el, .. " ieers,v
3len's & Wo1n'S Sta.%mos, Evelet Plyers,
1 & M Pa.* P:g , Ca'st & Si'e Shoe Yniv s,
S 8 Fork Tick'a, leel B:d'q,
r.jZrage St:eks, Fmugliih LIslin L
.cortor Lace, - .k LLdITs,
Shoe :.. &.Sp'gr-Keys Coc4ineal Roans
Fege & Fore part Boot ALoki,
,ioe1,,oot Tree!a, p-linm
Gum Clwll, ' ' With Svrews,
Nhoe Threa~d. Shoe PT
Sh'oe Hammers, . 'hoe. RaWTp4,
S0ing Awls, - Eir * "pring Punhes,
Fo.t, .-snd-Paper,
- Jeristles, - ShoC .uck,
* i Jori. . - Memnre. S:rsps,
Buor Webb. ' S ; urnishers,
Ylake Gum Tra'. Evt.g,
Iels So. &C., in gre-t variety.
Aio z- sorment of
-FPerFon.-ridC0umilta -are solicitrd to give
,us a,v,:lbe l r aking their purchasea.
"og 3 i 4z.i S
~H E ST.OCK and FINTUPJES of a Whelesale
1. ;.nd RETAIL D) UGL ST'ORE, in the T.2n-.
of Newberrr, S. C., piom.inently situated, :md of
p,od patrozuagi,will be sold at a barga'n, if ap~
plied-for ,-onD.
Fidctory ressong assign.ed for seiling.' -
Address box 88,-New berry, S. C.
- tg-Charleston ourier and CoIlum Phocnix
copy 1 week. 7
-SEmruERa4, 1805~
7 HEREAS a seing conflict of jurisdiction
,having arisert betweeni the cliind u'1-l
itary autbetities of South Carolina, under the
Provisional Goyernment of the State'; and'
awhereas. Major-Gene.ral Gillmore, co.nituding
the Department of South Carolina, harirg sought
-an interview with me, .as Provisional Governor,
in the presence -of Najor-General 'Neade,' cemi
manding the Atlantic $tates ; and whereas all
matters giving rise to the seeming conffiet were~
adjusted and arranged writh the consent and ap
provrlof Majo-General Meade :
Now, therefore, I, -BEJAMIN FR A31PTON
PERRY4ovisiega4 overnor of the~ State of
Soiuth Carolida, do proelaim 'an'd makkt *known,
tilat the terniiof thi.g arrangen ent are as fol-1
lows i 'That ini AlVies where freedmen or.1
persqus.of color are 'concerned, the Courts of
the Provost Mjarahals'sh.all Fiaye exclusive cogni
ace to try and adj - themi, for the present ;
and that..algether -shall be heard and adju
divated by the civil eenrts, 'municipal authorites
and civil officers, under-end according to the
a Ih be o unie r W~viio Goven
inent, and all civil andinu*iipal officers be~ a1
-loved to Tesuime' their offiildiaaiids
charge them frealy without intenut oa. tit~
part of the- military authorides. 2hA t is fur
thier understood General Gilhauore -dill issue a.
uiilitary orderawd Governo*erry '7. ill .4 like
mianner issue his 'rca a, uansidag known
ethis arrangenntEavhui Wt cdhtinue till civil'
4aritv is en - l1y reitored.in thia State and
the Governmu reconstructid. -
-AndlIdo herebvccallupon-ali persons and ouy
- der them to sietly obey .and carry out the]
terms~ of this artingem4a
Doe in the-eity of Colaibia, the da. aei4b ear
aubove stael4 + Pf' =
By orde,of the Pro*liemeNieVernor.
-w. H. PE1Raa Private Secretary.
T~~ hei newspapeh'of -he- State will 'grve
three insadons Sep 53
I'wunar Ds' ter.
By J. 7 Petwion, E&g., ffrdzseago
~,HEREAS, John S. Renwmck hotsppBed
~X me. for jtA4tera of Adi' iat4n,On~ all
ind singular the fo snd wh~ti ig~hts
and credits of. lr- xea . Rewie lats.of
the district afo du4eUsd
These ar6 therefore to cite and acfnn4i;lR
and singular, tie kindred and creitori t. the
asid 4ee s,q baand'ap.cet before me. at.
our nextOrUry's Court fx the" mi4 ?M5ct,
to b2 boldesi .t Newberr Cort House, con the
22d day of Sept. inst, 'to shlew cause; if anIy
whys the- said Administrzion~ sturnld net be
- Gven under:a~y harD rh is ~Ith dazy pf .Sept.,
inteye for1rd n hasn ih
C0011nlission &Forward ill fl
TILL aut to the purchase and forward
ing ootton; &c., to Orangeburg Depot
aind to Augusta, Qai.
PAMILIES REMOVING to the low -country,
are inforned, that comfort.,ble Wagons wiU leavc
or about thc 10th awd 20th 15ptember, 2nd, 10th
and 201h of OcIobr, and every tenth day there
after. Engagements must be made in sdvance.
"THROUG H Trars.ortation," .for S-o-ks ol
Good', and .Family Supp.ies, to all DEPOTS on
the Greenville Road, can he hai, at low rates,
(to include It. R. freights, Wagon hire, Forward.
ing charges, &c.,) on application to Mr. H. B.
Olnev, No. I Vendue. Range, Charleston, or to
us here. Wu. A. COURENAY.
aug 30 3 4t . P. C. TRENHOLM.
-THE SUBSCRIBER All shortly open, at New
. berry Court louse, a complete assortment
of SCiOOL and other D(WKS, STATIOERY,
MUSIC, and all articles wquailY fonnd in a corn
plete ROOK STORE ; and lie, respectfully re
quests those reqiing- the above articles fo
wait and examiike ltii stock before purchnsing.
J. KNO'ELOCH, Agent.
Aug 30 36 tf -
Applications Jor Pardon and 4over9
' ~ met'Clahims
Am prepred to draw up applications for por.
don, in ca es rising und -r the exe* ions im
the amnesty prochimation ; obtain the Gover
nor's approval, and-lorward 1tem throngh the
proper+epartnie-.ts in Wasl0ir-ton, by a -distin
ynished iegal firm in that city.
oAlso to prosecute all clainis against the Gen
era:- G-overn-ment.
stpt. ' 37 t f hR J. JOES.
For Sale.
The subscriiber oZ'ers for sale, in the town of
1.og Level, the-following property, riz:adud
ling htise, cont-:iniig ei!!ht'rotnuis and si: fire
pl:ees, and a good kitchen undef the sAme roof.
"*he house st-zn'tls upon twelve acres of gronid
in the finest <uiini si, acres of w.hich 0 like
a "arden spot.. OA this lot besides the dwell n1
-a l;;Igc wnr hoase, in first rate repair.- Als6,
two good store how:Fs, -oa sparate lots,- wLich
.will be sold separately or together. The wholN
ofiths property lie, witInn neav -vards of the
R:&road. The' $~ling will admirab y suit for a
Hotel, or for -a privaot rg.eideneos The above
%property will be sold low, andl. Sich an induce
mienit i. seldoin off-red to the puWic, but s I ani
13.ed o 'purfase to upi4y earlv-. Application
fr- particulars May be m:ide' to Gen- 1. Hi. Ki
nard and to Editors of the Newberrv HrAid. -
- - JON-RE
P Seepro- isna e
SROM anld a!c:r the Sceenk d op of Septemb&
F .ezt, the lietdqarteis of :im Proiisional
Governor of louth CaroliAwill' be at CoT'.ia,
1li - all conununications rddressed to him
notst be direc:ed.
. WILLI.i 11. PERRY,
Private Secretair.
Greenviine, C. H-, S. C., August 28th, J863.
Extra Chewing Tobgeci,
-T[ARSH A LL & BROTHER have just received
ias finec an article of Chewing Tobacco as
las.been (or sale in this miarket wit hin the last
four years. Cail'and tryv it,.
SEGA RS, 'which have been pr'onounced by
judges, as good as any.
Sep-6, 37-tf.
700 Yds Welsh Flannel1
WA~VIDE, afl wool and ea:'%e sold.at a ess
titprice, wholesale or retail, than at any
other honse in the State. Thte attention of
W olesale de4'rs in partiouhir is called to thi.s
advertiement. Stop at MARSHALL & BRO.,
and see for yourselves.
Sep. 6, 37-tf.
uT E have on hand a large Stock of Hardware,
IVconsisting of many articles which .are
ntenecessary for buiiders, an4as we wish to
cary on the.Dry Goods business exclusiv!e1y, we
will. sell off the entire stock a-aeas low a figure as~
thycan be laid down here from"~New York.
Sp. 6, 37-tf. -~
UST Dry Goods -
UTreceived at MARSUHALL & BRO)., a nice
ti assor tment of Dry:.Goods, and Des G~oods
of dif'erent prices and textures, also, browR.-autd
bleahe.d hi.mespuns.
7 ALso,
ackonet, S&is, checked et dotted Muslina
coakse and qua1de*, BrillatilB E" Diaper,
~d Iriab'Linea fronishe bess iraste.
lE -woul4-call attention to our Faney Goods
of which we have quite a 'rariety, calcu
hated to please the taste'of yenng and -eM, rich
and poor; -
Sep. -6, 3i-tf. .
LauresviUe Female -(ollege,
iVIL, open Monday, Sept6ember 25.. Tihe
V s cholastic year coinsista of .two SesMdna
of trenty weeks, each.
Tuition'In Primary department, pe~ression&12.00
---."Academy" - "0
College " 25.00J
Ineidental Expenses .," . 1.00
Music on Piano,Melodeon,q Guitar " 25.0
Use of Piano " - -5.0
Dridgtnd Painting * ." 15.00
Boariig includi~ .lights & washing " 62.50
Fayents -in advance, Specie or its equivalent...
Apply to Dr. John W. Simpson, PrAident of Bd.
Trustees:; or to FERDINAND JACOBS. .
Sept. 6-37-6t -President of Gollego.
OQice GE.& C. 1-al.
-NEWBIff, S. C., Sep, 4, 1865.
;A'EGHT?S,.wlg received at this De
.jppt, and shipped without pre-payment, for
other than Way Staionls- Freight to Way Sta
tins igst be prp-paidi as heretofore.
The Company cannot cqlleet other than theni
own Freight oWir.tIbe- Road,.noi' be responsible
for cotton after leaving the .cars. * --
- . Gd-1 up't
To the Mmber of the State Correntirn:
GENTL MEN: Yon ,have beeh "onvene' ii
obedienge to the proclamation Of' his Excelency
Andew Johison, President of the Uuitcd Sta-e.,
for the purpose of organizing a St.ie Govern
mfent, "whereby justice may be establislo-d, do
mestic tranquility insured, and loyal citizens-pro
tected in all ~their rights of life, liber!y and pro
perty.'" As Provisional Governor of the State of
South Carolina, unddr whose orders you were
elected and have aqsemlAed, it is' proper that I
should'address you'on the preg!nrb ocAsion1, and
assist you, if I can, in restoring our beloved Stite
"to her constitutional relations to the Feder:al
Government," and aid you by my suggestions in'
presenting "such a republican ' form of Staie
Government as -sill entitle South Carolina to the
(uarantee of the Uuited-States fherefor, and her
people to piotetion, by' the United Stnates,
against invasion, insurretion and doniestic vio
The-great political eonvulsi-ns whitch have re
eently -taken place in the Southern States, and
the terrific war which hi swept over South
Carolina, devastating her territory and depriWing
her citizens of all Civil tovernment, tire too well
known to you, and too painful in their detail, for
me to bang them unnecessarily in review before
, you. In.tead of dwelling on the past, and griev
ing overt its errors and misfortunie, let us, with
manl.y forti-ude, look to the future, and acconi
modate ourselves ;o the cireunistances- which
surrot-d us, and whlici cannot be changed or
1 The President of the United States has iani
iested & generon and patriotic solieitude fo' the
restoration of the Southern States to all their
civil sand political rigts, u- der the. Constitution
and aws of Ohe United S:ates. Ie desires to see
the Federal Union reconstrncted as it was before
the secession' of those States; and h~ will oppose
the centralizatio of power in Coigre-ss and the
infringement of the constitutional .wighSts of the
st tes, with the sarne. zeal, effergy and power
with which he re.ieted the assumed vight of,
secession on the part'\-f the States. In order to
accomplish this re-union qf the Stats, the Presi
dent desires that South Carolina, 'as well as all
the other Suttes.in rebellion, should accept as in
evitable and unavoid;ible the great final results of
the war.
Africag.ilnvery, whici wa a cherished institm
tion of South -Utro ina frotn her 6arlivst colonial
histoly, patritirchnl. iA(t*,.ebarac*e~r, tinder wlih
th. negro has multiplied and .inercazed with a
rnpidityproving that-he has bei kinaly card
;or and protected, is gone, dead Torever, no-wr to
be revived or -hope( .for in 'the future of this
S.ate. Un'ir tl2 war-making power, the1mili
tary authorities of . the Upited Sta.tes have ab
ohshed'savery in all of t)-e seceding States. The
oads ou m nTve Doleninly (aken to "abide b. and
faithfully support all laws aiid proclaniations
which have bgen ma-de dtuing the existiug
rebellion,-with refereaee to the eiuancipation -of
slaves," requies you, in good faith, to abolish
s *aror r nnamende Constitution..1
issued; stipulae that you Fliall never again own
li emplby slave l:bor. It is like%ise alhoether
probable that the .proposei amendment to- the
Federal 0onsiut:ion, abolishing slivery, will be
a~dopted b three fgurt-hs of the States and be
come a part of the Cons.ti0ion. Mnreover, it
is impo&sible foi South .Carolina '4ver to regain
her civil rights Mnd be -re;torvil -to the Uniori till
sh %oluntarily abolishes slavery, 'and delares,
by. an organic law, that neither ".-.very nor in
voluntary srvitude, except :A a purishment for
erinie whereof the par-ty shall have beced duly
convicted,". sh.l! ever- again sist vichin thie
limits orf .he Statre. Uril this is done, w'e s-ha.i
he kept u~nder military rule, and the negroes will
rhe p:otected as "freedmen" by the whowle miitavry
force of the United Sta'tes. D,ht'I know-that you
are all hoporable men, as well as patriotic men,
and will do your duty faingullf' to yourselves~
adyour country, however painful it-may be.
In making this unavoida~ble change'in your
Constitution, abdlishing slavery, and which will
require the substitution of hired labor for th fj
slave labor, it is to be.hcped that-none of.t -e
evils will be experienced which*some have antici
pae..-B a wis , just'and hiumane treatment of
vorfreedmenand women, fou ma~y alttach -
themi to you as stroagly in their now.conidition as1
they *rere whilst your'slaves. They will soion
learn to gee and > ei therr depenidence. on, you,
and kn9pr that thair interes's require them to ho;
tr-ue and faithful to you. -It is to be expected
that so great and sutiden'a change-as 'this in the
condition of the negFO Rill prod ice at firSt, con -
fusion, idleness and dissatisfactien. This, irow
ever, will only he tgmporary. Time and experi-.
enee must bring order and system. The "freed
mant" will soon find out that . he nwst w-ork os
perish. ' L,egislat-ion-' will necessarily Xe required
to reguldre the. relative duties of the employer
and empJovoe.
- It is. ver~y desirable that yon should .arai. your
selves cf'the presL&t oppor'tunit of-reforming
and popularizing the Stato Constitudoir n severa[J
particulars. It is th'e r:-proach of South Caroina
bradthat her Constitur,ion is less popular and
repubjrcan in its provisions than thtof any other
State in the Union. And, in is thoughit by many
that to this cause aI-one may be traced- the orgi
of 'that discontent and - dissatisfaction -withth
Federal Gov'er*trent which; after tbeing nursed
for thiirty-three of four~.eal;setdeds in the seces
-lentan4 rebellion of thIirten or fo~urteen States..
The basis of representatioa in te.Senate of.
this 5tats au-you knwJen -yrbitrary, aod!
founded og-n~ escples of property oer
popola$spu A et~ - iai d pted-rnm
tha,ws~eq n noM
ffir- and a Rt -thesntfA
a 4-icopa?tJve
-,e~<,stl4,hadl aparse population,
-Jit, sinec Istiaie, this
i;:sessed'i et n
num*%rs - n W ten leand
-goni the5 . Ineqjual tsT erity
er Me vjJF~ oters jz t 5 i ParWo.whoase
sumaVnad taxr*ion combioed, enttd ift
.ha three lsi voUe d iuE.j
District, -whose .p pul4aquand taxation endide
it to six members in thoouse. 1Thhis.conts
to anl republican pneaiples of politieg.Jiastie,iand
I. the early history of' South' Carolina,,b~e e
presenttion'inK the Tarishosi was repeatedly
hanged,. to equalize -it amongst the' wespective
Election Districts. Bau' alluch cha8gt iave
been obstinately refused during the -lav.isirettev
five years.* Now that slavery ia, abolished,.re
formation* in this respect isifmperative ari must
be adopted. In effecting: this change, it would
-be -well to adopt the basis of representation ai
the House of Representatives, which is founded
on oplatonand taxa'tion. Each Judicial Pla
ic igteState should, h6iwever, have one Sen
tor, a-nd the-city of Charlestoil $wo, inadtp
to one frougthe 2District-of Charleston. The
other Sen.ators if the present numbe'r be retain
ed, may be-gie to the largest Districts in popu
lation and taiation,-as fractions *re- now repre
sented .n~ trie House of .Representatives. The
awo great elements of R esenrtative. Govern
ments are wealth and population, and(they should~
bt both cqua~ represented, so that the one
-not legisla e iu'gry of the o?her.
In consMsering the question of popN!atioti it,is -1
proper that the "freedmen," who take the places
of white-men in the lower cout'try, and also in 1
the upper *untry. in a les propo-tion, should,
in some way and to some e Dten- he b ounted.<
Thie is due the lower country, where tiere is sch
i-large prepondersince of that cliss of persons. 1
The Fedr.ral basis of representation in Coigr&s,
countig r'e'e-fifls of the ligroes, would sem .
to be just and right. It ws thp compromise i
ngreed-onIy the framers of the Federal Consti
tution, and no doubt founded in wi.dore.
.The question of s%ffrage, and - wh* shall exer
ei,e the r4iht of voting-in Soitih Carolina, is one
of grave impo;rtance, and min be settled-by you
in oir new 'ons-tition. In 1790, the State 1
tVostitution declared that no one should be al- I
lowed to'vote nlesa lhe was a freeholder or tax- I
P.Lver an d a free white man of the age of.twenty
one 'ears. In 1811 the rizht of suffrage was
extended to all fr white men of the age of
twenty-o,-e, wsho were resideits of the State Iwo
,pars, and of the Eloction District six nonths
preiou.,to vofibg. The quilificaiion of a free
hold or the paymenr of a tax was no longer re
quied.* It was thought proper aU that period
that a free white man who had to .erve in the
militia, do patrol ditty, work oi the road, and
defr-md hi4 centry in timne of war, should be al
lokcd to iote for members of the Legislature -
-nd otherofficcrs of tha,State- witho-t the own
ership of a freehold or the payment of -taxes.
To extend.this unirerpal-sufferage to the "freed
men!' in-their pre-ent i;;noint -nd degraded con
.dition, would be-little * ss 'than,folly aid mad
ness. It would he giving to the ati of wealth
and large landed possessions in the State a most
undue itnence in :ll- ele.dtions. Ile would be
epab!ed to march to Vie.polis, wi:h his two or
three hundre.1 'freedmen" as employee, voting
ns:e directed, and contro!e all elections. . The
poor white men inl the Eh-etion Districts wofld
have no influence, or their. influence would be
over'powered.by on,e man of lar~ge landed estate.
In Confietieut, Ohio, Indiana, Illinoii, ati-1 seve
ral,other non-,laveholdinlg States, at the Noth,
free nogroes and co!6red persons are entirely
exciuded from voting; 'In most of the Northern
Sfates there is a pYoperty qualitication required
of all voters; which exchdugs them. If the -New
York qualification of a freehold for a person of
color voting were adopted in Sv%th Carolina
very few of tho freedmen in this Ste wolik
ever be nlile to. exemise the right. of- snffr.ge.
In North Ctoliua, Tennes :, and perhaps otier
slaveholding State, free negr6es furmerly .weme
enthled to vote, but i is undcrstood that they
seldom s.,w proper to e.6rcise Vi-id-r.nchise.
' The>rade-d Republican party North. are look
fng igthgat interest-to the 2'elon of the Soui b
ert States in reference to rgro suffrage, and
whilst they ahnifthat a man should be able to
-read ad write -and have a property qmlification
in order to *ote, yet they-contend .that..tlere
should be no dimtinetion betw-e ioters on nc
count'of etlor. 'I iie forget that this is a white
Man's government, Rnd intended for white men
orly; an&that the Supreine Court of the Uvited
Sates-has devided that the negro is notan Ameri
c:gn eitizeR under the Federal Constitution. That
xmiid,d - $;tqof hcUuWon -has the tu-.
exerc.ve the righ.t of suffrage, is boypnd. all dis
pute. Y-bu will settle thim gr:,ve question as the
interest and loror of the State d'emand.
- South Carolina is the only Spate in the' Union
where the C14.-f M.gistrate is aot elected by thdi
people. This hoiId no longr be the e it
is a fundamential principle of the republican
cred,'that the People, in whom all sovereignt-Y
isictherent, should select their own . rulers and
repremtaztives. Those powers only are dle
gaed i hiebm cannot be properly.exercised hj the
neople. It -is eminently wise and proper that
he' Governor of -a Srt&e shogld deire his
authority aud'electiomt immediately frm the sore
reign poaefof the State. The people should.
elect their thief Magistrittes, mecmb- rs of Conx
ress atnd miembers of the Legislature. .tving
done this, the minor offieps might- le 'elled by
appointmient and the people relieved of ti.e troui
be, loss of time, aryd 4emoralizatiop in nmaking
these petty- elections. Whet t.he Governo r has
beene tlectdtv the people, he-mnght sately be
entrusted withmore power than he has ever exer
cised'in South Carolina.: lie should%e, made re-f
eliible, or elected for . a longer teran than' two
yeat s. He should be .req.nired to live -at the
seat of Government, and should receive asalary
sufficient to defray alflhs n-peessary expenses. I
The General Assembly of south. Carolina is an
Electorial College for the State as Yellas a Legis
lative body, Th'ey. bare the eledtion-of Gover
nor,.Blectors of President .nd Vice-President,
Lieutenant-Governor, United States-Senators,
Judges and Chancellors, all St-ate officers, Magis'
trates, G2otnHssioners of Roads and B]ridges,
PenrAnd Free Schoolsr Comimissioner.s and Mas
ters in Ecluity, an tlvariousr other' officers. 'This
embarrnsses logisiation, occupies.a great deal of
th.tinge of members and is prodtictive of evil
consequences. The'%ost of these elections and
appointments should' be taken from the Le.gisla-4
.The eleetioni'of'Preidential Electors by the
Legilture is clearly'a usurpatiort on the part of~
that body, and which no other State in the Union
tolerates at the present time: The Federal Con
stitution declares th.t "each'State shall apdn
ui s:n h rnannei-.as the Lesislaturo thereof may
dTct,Electors if Presidenit'an-d Vice-Pre'sident.
T he Stateitnd not the LyiLkJature .is to'appoint'~
Electors.. T he Legislatureis to "kibeet" the "man
ne" of appointing only. The People are th
State and hd?"appoint," No one -fill con- i
tend that the LAgislatni-e, which represents the
Sale, is the State . itself. This gross error will
no doub'-be corrected -y the fir-st Legislature
which asse'nb1es undefy tour new Costttin
.4k q~b ell for you to express a wishKfa
Tiis a oiniefii 4he Stnte offie,erafght bel
iven to the Goverao'r with the advice. and con
ent of the Senate- He might also- with great'
propiety be empowered to make the app,oi.t
met o( many of time District officeg, and .thereby
rehiite th~e people of a fritTul eourcd of .cfemoral
Iztion i- making 'tiese petty eleptions. . The
guestian lsaeugestedt for vdutK consideration2
In All -cIetions made f>y thec Legisiaturo, thLe
teing hhn4ev m~' oei se that each mlember's
igbh ow how he -votch. 1)eb
-f1s*orecret, anid tehe Representatives
nteftom hs enthEmnyf Thie people have's
ight taknoir:how their representattves voteld'in
eetoms as well a% Ilu jegislation. In-all-elec
tisrf the people,- the~ is crtaiift the
proper mode, for it- enablvery man to -vote
indpendently, according to his own convictionTs.
]Mmandrhas any gi'to kgjow 'or Qtestioni his
vote ~ VOtes as a soeria nBt the repre
esetag ote8 for otbdr%, and they have a right
t know tissote.
4$ would be wellfd -consolidate 'the Treaanry
Depatent. The State of South Carolina is
feitherso large nor - s<fweahthy as to require two
Tesurers. The'. Secretary- of State and. the
SrveyoNeneral :shoul1d be required to keep
their offices only.-at th~e seat of gover'nment. TheI
fiiities E .tragling between Charest*el end.
Coumbia are now each that there.E no necessity
for a division. of- these offices at the expense. of
tieState. 1The- Court of- appeals ought also to,
be requited to sit.altoge'thmer in Columbja, where
one Taw librMy and dune set of ofacers would boI
sufficient for the edad, I
in drdem. to givO additional imnport-atce and I
cmnsidratioii to, the office of LIettnant-Gdver
nor, he ought to be n-tade ex-oficio Presitent ofi
tge Senate or~ whigh -iouit bi,itis well; let the ;
'resident of tie Senate act, ae Goveraor n case
if a vacancy, till another electiun can be made
i tTie people..
You should provide for the election of members
f the Legislature at a eafly day-the-econd
ilonday in'October-so that th'eleiederal Asse,
Ay may bd convened in tinre to order.the elec
ion of members of Coiress and United StuiLe
Ienators, before the first .onday in December
iext. It is important that all of the Sontherr
ates should be.fully represented when Congress
- In yout, new Const.itution, yoa shouli provide
'or and declare valid all Le.Jlative, Excentive
v:d Judicial apts of the State since her secession,
nt the twentieih of December, eighteen hundred
Lnd sisty, which nre not iu- conflict with the
onstitution of the United States. Likewise all
:ivil olieera elected since that period shoult be
tthorized to conti,.tue t4 discharge the duties of
heir res*ective offices until the expiration of the
erm for which thevwere elected or'appoit-d.
In orgading a Provisioual Gvernment, I
bought it wisest and -best to-Te-appoint all. civL
>ficers wo were in offide at the suspension ot
ivil government in South Carolina. I told tbe
President that we hAd no ~ parties or ,pOlitical
livisions in the State. All had acquiesced in her
;ecession from the Federal Union, and.now all
xould hd equally loyal in their efforts to restore
'er to that'Union. I had no friends to reward,
1o enemies to punish, at the'sacrifice of the in.
erests of the State. Those who were in ofiee
'md been eleted bj the people; were familiar
A-ith their duties, .Aind better- calculated to. dis
:arge them than new men. Moreover, the plan
idopted put in motion at once the ;-Aii)ery of
Ite State: Time was inortant. The acts of thej
Provilional Government should likewise te sanc
,oned by vou.
. ami authorizd'by thb President to lay-a tax,
by assassnent,, for. the purpose of defraying the,
xpenses of the Convention. This I declined to
do, in consequence of the utter destitution of the
people, aml you wil ha to make such arrange
men.ts for your .expelses as-yuu- may think most
The want'of. money or a pirculating medium
cannot COIlillue- long. The sale of cotton, as
zooh as- ils trmnsportation to' market. is prac
ticable, will supply the country 'with money
inotgh for. its most pressing-.wants. The farmers
and p anters, now that their slaves 'are emanci
pated, may vry well dispose of a pQrtion%f their
lands, to relieve their -embarrasstents, !ynd. 4p
qutirn. the means of enrllhing-aid improving the.
remainder. Northern capit4sts andrEuropean
immigrants will- readily inake investments in real
etate in Spth Carlia., In a short time, mon
ey, *,hidh' superabundant -in the- Nortliern
States, will naturally and n'ecessar1 flow South,
seeking i C; lue,- a water fows seekf.:te tevel.
. Aft-ezthecollapse of the so-called Confederacy,
the S~outl&i $tates were letin a most anonlalous
condition in referenceto their, monetary affairs.
The gold rnd silver had- i6een exported as an
article of commerce during the wir; -the State
b ks were all broken ang Aheir bills driven out
of circulation;.and the Cofederate money be
Cme, of course, valueless. This left the South
without any kind*of money or -a. circulating me
L'.-. ., maniarmaalein.addh..state
of civilization, occupying a rich andt iterte coIL
tq, without money or thc means of exchange,
except by barter!
Gloomy as the p'es*'nt may seem.. the fut4ie
will be -bright- and glorious. Nothing is Lref
likely to occur again. to mar the harmony of the
Union. The great cause'of diesension fetween
the- two sections has -been removed. There are
no risal intcrbsts, OThe North and the South att
mutually necessary to each other, -oad all thl
pusuits of the one are'dependent on tIos'of
th-other. e The linited St:rtes, as.a whole, com
bine all thme eleme,nts of national prosperity and
greatness, in a highier degre than any other
people on the faco-of the earffy No empire in
the world ever unitel,in so eminent ardegree the
thregreat sourees~ independence, power and
weala-agriculture, commered and manufaotures.
As long as civ'ilization continues, . this greitle-.
pubic will flourish and. increase in ogm'\rs,
wealth and grandeur. It cin only'crumble-nd
break it fragme:g. when ignorance- and 4irk
ness shanli"bare pervaded the land.
South Car'olina, as an integral paW of tis
great power, must . partake of.-its richniess and
prosperity. The' aboliGp~n of slavery will give
new energy and self-reliance. t9 our people,
sti.ulate industi-y anC. ~ mote enonomy' in- all
thvocations Ot' ife. In lsthan ten-years we
shall realize in thme loss of. glater y a blessing. .in
diguise; to ourselves%and pMr childtren. -
In resaminmg-he.r allegiance toilhe United.States
I know -that South Carolina does- do4g in good
faith, anad with perfect sincerity, to'her pligh.ted
honor. -As she e as the first to lead-off in this
great and'most unfortunate slecession 'movement,
it no*.becomnes her duty sto set-a bright expipe
of lovniav to t.he other.SontierntStates,.in return
ig t'o:the Union, and sheerfully performning all
te-obligations to the Federal Government. She
will eceive, in .return, fromn that Government,.a
restoadiou of all her ieivil and politiest rights, as
a sovreian State, with a general- ~iuiesty. for
the past. * . neu l
You shoulid b*creu to 10dal tbaf- in
cessary to aid.the President in c#ryag: lit
his wise and: generous policy of.reco,istruction
and do nothing whichi may tend g emnbar's
bm in that policy or impede 'the :rest<azin
of the St,ate to the F-ed'iral Urion7/iisi ain
markable f'agt that the~brave mnoa aho 'hive
imprri led~their.lives, and maide every Isacri
flee iir war,- for the last jour years, are promtn$
ly ad cheerfully. acquMsing -in its results,
wiit someof those who have kept out nf
dange-r and made less .saerilces, -rie less- in
clir.ed to-acquiesce ini the inevitablee'sltS df
tat war ' - -.
I have-the gratification: of--informzing' you
that thme polieyJ hare pmtrsued in mfadmin
istration of the Provisional Governmet-of thie
Stae has mnet'the entire approval of .the Pres
ident; and be~ b'as glirected tyi military author
ities ,ot to interfere with that polity, but .t
aid and assist jue in carirying it oj.t I h4v
like wise the pleasure of communicating to you
that versy revebtly I had an: intervi
nj'r-Gneral Me ommiandi
uariding the Degirttiint of Sda~th 'Carolina,
in reference to a seeming con&' between the
:hil and military authoritie - the .State,;
md- that all difficulties vere-satisfactorily ar
ranged. The eiril law, the Cdurts and civil
>Ificrs of the Stat~e-are restored, . nd their
unctions 'will not-be interfered with by the
idli,taty authorities, except in .cases where
reedmn and p'ersons of color are . co.ncerned.
rhese'-cases have leein assigned to the..Cousts
f the Provost Marshals for adjudication till
he completion oMhe,President's pioleet re
>o truction. All other cases will be heard
i . ecidled by. the civil and mnhic'i courti4
mdr and according. to the lywsofSuth Ca
-.Itis also a sorce of ceqfgratulation toIkt
.at the colo,;id troops, whose -atropioMise
nct has disgAiced the service and fied thot
ublic mind -with the miost-horrible.ipprehe1t
;ions, have [email protected] withai-arn 'foj the interine
>f t.heState, anid are to be plae ingarrisow
in the coast, where they- can. d<g~ no further.
nischietf. I all my personalliaterview&' uit
he Prsident arid in all my despatchies to
him, I urged this course most einelly. TI e
white troops are, I believe, doing tbair -du y
benetleially to the coantry in preserving the
peace and good order of the Sti. It^ i
thought thst their presence anongst as .fo
ion6 tiie yet will bg-necessary in order to
enforce'the relative duties pf. the' freedmen
arid their employers.
In conclusion, gentlemen, I would inro'
the 4lmighty to -watch over all your delibera
tiohs, and direct your actibns in every partic.
ular to the best inteests, hanor and glory
our'belov'ed State
MirETING XTAORDlNAftT.-r-.UpQn the testiao -
ny of an old cirizen who was present, we have to_
rcport the proceedirgs of a eveqj raeinary
nieetingpf negroes, which-took on,Sun
day, near this city in the direct'i 4oDRiier
Nine hundred of them assevnbled to - onsider
their condition, their rights and d,uties under-the
new state of existence upon which they haIe
>een so sudde-nv launched. Our. informant was
surpris'ed at the hard, .pr&tical sense ant mode-'
ratio'n of tone irith whic e'-aesmen of the
meetin urged their views. Atir long and Care
ful deliberatio-n, meeing resolYed by' avdte
seven hundred voices,to twotundred, thatthe
had made a practical tri ihfer three months qf
the.freedom whifeh the war had bequeathed to
them-that its re-ties were far from bjng to
ffattering- as their imagination had painted it
th3t they had discovered that the 'prejudice
oiar weie'by no means confined to the' peopb
of the South;'but, .qn.tho'contrary, it wasstrong
ers-d more marked against them in .the sCrr
gers from the Norah, thgn in the.home'pele of
the South, among whom theyhai been reyed
that negroes; no more than white men, eb6fd
live without work, or *be comfrtble withoun
homes; that their Northeri deliverirs. from bo-^
dage had not, as they had ezpedtei, and 'bea
taUight to expect, -udertake- to Vilde the
happy existenee.in their new state of freedovi
and that theiild masters bad ceased to tke
any interest iii'them, or Saive a cafe for athem
-and fsially, tha~ their -"last state-wasvorse thtt
the first," and it 1as.their eliberate*-conclusion
t!urt their tru happiness and welfare required
them to return to the homes which they baT 'ril
'%bandoned in itmoment of excitement,-and go to
aVrr again hnder ther old-masters. Andio
resultstions were passed. and at last gie
the wanflercos were packing-up their littie toc
of 'iovabJe goods, preparatory to,the executt
.of their sensible purposes.
[Moh Wile Advertier, 16th u
G Tuo"MAs Fac s M o:.-ee.Meagl
er recen4;y delivered iq elabbrate addiresset Sc.
Paul, 1innessots, on the.issues of the day, fro
which we make the follbwing eztract:
The .next questorrsuggested by-the erats 0
the d.y, and * the new condition in wh"ch W
Sontherri States Bad themselves, is in relation 1t
the terms and disposition which the pep e oftbie
loyal States should-extepd. to the forner, aid She
good will and1riendship they should manifent-to
waMd those whose-manly acceptane ofwhat ef
consider to be -their -dvese fate, en J ne
question is already set forth in.thecoldens
the surrender at.AppomtAox Cour'-o -
becomesthe people of the Nort -it ees
tie it shouldie a red ,Obti witl4thaWun
ioitreat the people ote o wib~an otWnora
ble propriety and a gania-ngeeroity.Apol-e
or bearing other_than iNhndkatietd in the nl
tar; surrender, till conufracn sie succesnt
pr arme keep te wa"ds-of ie i th. Ipfam
ed, predsee an irreparable a5eisnl and ove -.
h-sadowinwith ,opprobrium the laureioteehrtti
Defeate.!, as t.h.e Southiihis be'ngi it
shemeto instal anotber. GovErnuejert1
of sississippi--haring fouight in ttpth i
most er ushiDu;.odd aud dieabilifies with ?1a A~
diersliip that estab!9%hes theme in historya the.
miost maste'rly rdvolutionists oran3 age or coun4 ~ ~
~tr. --nw that t.his datzling-project has been de
feated and the fationsl Goggment reimme in
sway *Iih a wemg ir autfoioty thaneveritheid
besore, and an.admited seroty ov'erthe o
dest aiM griandestp6er i should be thej
and objectrof Ihe people fhe Noitk Wti
to so conduzct themseItes in the socialluiimo p*
cal ion-wthihg ouh, hettelatter,eet
is ro'hi-caiuglgn 'amidtd
havoc that has s*ept their filds and cities, shal
be, ind;need to entertalin one -'egrit oely-n
that the maly and generous regret that tu
ever strnek ablow againstnhermited Statesat
cevetd'theiamiliatin of our.flag.
"I am uot, ud ever have been, in JMseo
mkieg.votero juror-s of negroes, nor ogf gua1t
fying iheam to hold officefo~r rointermarry v i
the white people ; and I will say, in addion to
ttis, thstb there is a physical difflbre~nee- betweeti
the white and balac,k- racesi:hik Ii lie *11
foreverforbidi tbtawo'rnai n etiiI
Iterms f social pM6a 'bi
main 'g~tethere shastbe theydeds~ of de
eicr andinferior ; dI, am mch asiny Ete
asAiD px ieu hitA i!ee. td hc il~
Air-rEKsmi .ADS-Tourr.--Tu [email protected]
mnykaw1id thre pdi1sr, v.arh indebted fdt'~w'
Iour ions ut s wellf# mannothier . enis~
tlies . rii of'ane4o Suii po it4~
foo!ts blame fare seKjor the di&uel&y in -o
en; I know-men-are a :des&.ful seL.. -r
aid rain bt :ta
ide mosyuepacful s~cts -
remarks with theftoRowing ntae:
Webnan--she is agood~ -
We have a tolerable coniceptibu of the -
infileied upon thi Sputb by the civil war- -~
now emnded, but not so Ilvely,- we colifep, asi -h
of a French fouraalatr, who says:
-i'An ide a nway be formed ofdeou-o~1
et etry,bstrm ni tha~~
tbeir(ii great nombers, -and thatsb e&atd l~
which have issued from
tains.11 r
-We uid9rtn hat att
ral Vopference, the Methodist-Es~2pe
Sodt, restoi4u all sectiona)lfetares fromn
discipline, debls'ng its loyaty to the ie
ment, ull tak? the fierd -in evf & (
Union as a ne~t organ -
every c&to.makeiAs
esilt -ne Un- MaIn
Auut q -The cjk~'our e oA
issued, duigtTe m asfag
c nss umIS.Raber i-ue to perspas3AhI
tcloree~SO eied bIOM*
di. Is there #06#6 h m
th at. --a
- Newpoirt letsettas
damer tehe-ladyobters.Att hgo~
jeet to1be baec f the ser~ Uorrid is -

xml | txt