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VOLUME II. DNSDAY,
VOLUTNIE_ __ C,''
T HTE fJERA.
IS PUBLISIED EVEIZY W1'DNA.SDAY,
At NewbQrry C. H1.,
By THOS. F. & R. H. GRENEXER,
EDITORS AND PRoPRIiTorS.
IER.MS,.41.5C FOR SIX MONT HS, JTii1YR
iN CURI.ENC, 01R I\-R'GOS
(Paymnent reqizired invarial-ly in, adv;tnce.)
Advertisemientsin,serte,dat fn5 erg.r o
-rst insertion, $1 for each s Iese;en in r wn.
aErr age notices, Fui!eralivnin,Mnn
Stnd Comnicde f per--o:%in:r. tchge
is A F.e6-tis e Ca. ts.
'on. Alex. H1. Stephens Mefore the Con
Aressional CoM;ittee---A Full Report
of his Testfimiony.
We present below a fl! and correct report
of the the testimtonv of Ion. A. II. Stephens
before the Reconstruction Commttee ol' Cun
11on. A. H. Stephcr.s was bfore the Recon
struction Commit tee on t:e 11th lilt., and he
was sworn and examined by .\r. BoUt'eil as
Q. State your residence?
A. Cran%fordsville, Georgia.
Q. What means lnve you hadU sincL
aurrender to ascertain the se--iekr;S of thc
people of Georgin regarding the L)ion ?
A. I was at honme in Getrgia ::t tIe 11m1e of
the surrt nder of Gen. Lee, and remaind here
till the 11th of 7lav, and durin that tI-e con
ferred with the peoole in my imme':st
neighborhood, and with the Coveror of the
State, and with one er two otlher lni and
prominent men in the State. Fr-o the 11th
of May until my return to ceorgia, whlich wa
on the '6th of Oictober, I hal no met:nsof
knowing anything of the pubic sent-unie
there except through the pubjic press a!.( from
-such letters as I received.
From the time of mie- return until I 'left onl
iny preset: visit here, I h,d very itiatte in
tercourse with the peto[l], vi'Iting 1Au1gusta,
and visiting d .ledgesie dm-ng the sessiolt
of the Legislature, first on th-ir ssn:ing,
ard again in Janiuary, before their re :ssem
bling, aRnd Ngain4 in the latter 1a1rt of Februory.
While there I conver.sed very free!v and fulY
with all the prominent ald lading men, er
,nost of them, in the Legisaure, and lmet a
great many of the prouTminenit and leilw- ngmn
of the State not Connected "i:h the L.
ture, aid bv letters and corresponde:ne uith
the mien wh'boi I have met. I h eve that
-embraces a full answer to the que:in %-s to
my manner of i.scertaiing the et f
the ptople of the State upon the u.ject tated
in the cuestion.
Q. As the result of No*ur obervat ton, u% hat
is your opinion of the purposes of the people
with reference to the reons:ruction of he
Governmeit, and what are flir desires a-d
pvpose.s coneruing the m1ritenanlce of the
A. My opinion, and dceided o;inion i:, tiat
an ov-t*wheiig mni;1jTitv of the ; f
Georgia are exeedi.gly anxious for the rvso
ake her former position in the Unii',t >havet
~her Senators and Retresenitatives admit tai' in
to Congre,s, and erj' y afl her rights, and' to
discharge ali her ohiigati ins as a StateL umier
the Constitution of thte United States as it
Mr. Aintsworh-Whtat are their present
!vio 'o?Orernintg the jurtice of :he rebellin ?t
Lo they at pres. nit believe it was a rea,cniable
or proper undertaking, or othern ise ?
M r. Stephens- y opino ojr f th~te sentzIimn t
of the people of Georgia utpon that sn bject iS,
that de exerei,e of thte right of sece.,.jOt a
re.orted to by t hem' f:uo a de,i: e to rendr r
their liberties mao: e secure, a d a beliL f on th.ir
part that thtis n~ as absointtely neces5 arv fit th K
object. .1 hey wet e di' ided upon theq qestion0
of' the policy of the mne:nur es. lThere "'a,
however, but very little divi-i..n among: thLro
upon the question of the i if I of it. It is Ito''
their belief in myn op itnir, (an-. I give it mn re
ly as ant ej inion,) that the .surest, if ntiOt
only bc.pe of their liberties, is the restonratin
of' the Constitution of the Enited States ando
of the Gjovermtnenit of fthe Unihed States uad.:
Q. IIas there been any change of opi'a as
to the right of secession, as a right, ini the peo
pie or in the States ?
A. I think thtere has been a very eC d ld
~change of op'inion as to the p1licy of thtse
who fa,vored it. I think tie people genterailo
are satistied suffiietly with thte expe ittent
niever to resort to that mneasure of reihr by
force, whatever may. be their ownl a ttaet
ideas onf the souect; they have givr n up all
ideas of a main tenance (of the opinion by a re
I ~ sort ,to force; they have comne to the conclu
that it is hetter to appeal to t he forms of rea
son antd justice, to the halls of legi2ation :an'd
the courts, for the p)reservaitioni of the p"in
'ciples of constitutioral autho:ity, thani to the
arena of arms. It is my settled conviction
there is not any idea chet ished at all int the
pubhec mind of Georaia ot ever resortint gi
to secession or to the exercise of the r:icht of
Kecessionl. That whole policy of t;e maintte
tnance of thei:' tight, in moy opinion, is at this
ile totally 'abandoned.
Q. But the optinion as to righ., as I under
t n,means suibstantially the same?
A. I cannaot :-nswer as to that ; some may
?ave chtanged their opintiont on the subie. It
-could be r.n unusual thing as weil as a d'ifii
cult mauer for a whole peopjle to change their
convictio.nts upon abstract truths or pri:c'ples.
I have not heard this view of the su>jiet de'
bated or discused recently, antd 1 w ish to be"
undersbodl as givin my opinion only on that
brancih of' the subject. n~ hich is of practical
character and importance.
Q. What do you at tribute the change ofopi
ion as to the propi iety of attempting to mtam
tain these views by for ce ?
A. Well, sir, my opinion about that, my
undivided opinion, derived fromt oser' ationt,
is that change of opintion arose maimny ft om
the operations of war among themnselves aid
the result of the contiiet a.mong their own au
thorities in their intdividual r ights of personi
and property, and from a general b:enih.g
down of the cons tittial bar: lens w hicht
usually attend all ;rotracted n ars
Q. Int 181 hen the ordiance of secession
was adopted in Georgt.iai, to what extenrt was it
aupported by tile people ?
the ha C :I!lof SCV.:Uw(I p's,'11t 1 u
p-lo-ion1 (:f the v.:it of /..'Z '(1; te Sou
thurp c:mse, as ii wi tnn, r cE::most
tI:e 1n"animn"no snpport of the 1"Il of G N)r
gia. Before that finhv were verv m divid
wn he m(-,tn 4f hplijuAr of secession; but
afterAA they snpi-o-tet tihe C N I Q. h
bhe twuse hecaust of Ah-zoal PArWomiAtiNAl
i t.,.. 11my .0 1 -cr.v T,
b,e utmtojetto beob,evad h
to the e(ege ; f apeedd:G:e
Q. Wasnt terdnane of sce,ion a''pt
Ce' in G.or i :ai .-r in (i:C th:m th:.'t ( tI
prmuhnmthinfr 7,015 vA-untcers?
A. As. Sik. I st;:t t:t the peoplc were
VV V "nMAh (i il on thte q,oe, 0 1 of tle or
dl:n: e 'If usees,i AL, ut thit fter h'IL riIfa
n:ai1 they h)( e:nnj! b1onnn' i: snp
port of t C Citu"s". Th;--e were snome, fe-W ex
e; tio s in heI S1 tI I thlk not i11ore( t1an x
iVd, u! ile tiwy were thus :n"'t mmnar imou
ino lI O t oA tBe ca : t::ev &. rpA l rw
to tn tm i to) be I b . s n it
tSom2e lookid tol theia adusuen ~ ~~ort ufuth
of thie controversy Up"m an1bw i ha d
,cenIre t o ,thie(r,n th!e,ir co! t itu ioa;r! h s
(it ers lom?ced to) a S he e t re
S tioer o!v ob;"ict Ia p . inee a :r
ent views as to the zu:nw&,e Wets dhl not in
te ee %%ith thle gene;ral actzive .u.pport of thle
Q. V:as4 there a popular vote upon the or
.irIna e ofX sf Cce r:T1 ?
A. I!lv so f:zr as in the election of delegates
to theCov ntio.
Q.~ Thre w:.\ no sn,vquent action ?
A. No, si:uh riac o eee a
not nu:wtedtote ,oular votv-ferad
Q.iave you any oinionma to the viite it
wudhave received , ;s coNr< vithi the
wh:(1e: if iL ha:d b n submitted to 1h;e froe
aetionl tC OIpL e?
-itness-Do you mian aiir it wa,:: adped
'.lr.' futell. es, af:cr itsadortin hp the
n i it h: Iel n s h::) tted fotih
A. TAhin the thn state of thin ANo
mrnsitr:im SRuth UarQlin, Fioida wA
AQ i1q, I tAnk. Lavig smedd- my o;.mn
mt!th. other St-#tcs h:'d not adw;-:vd the or
hmances of smCSwi1n, ! awn Very. wAl SAiOe
.at a mna ity of the 1eple of eorgi oA
ehap1:s aI verS dei,- majorty,V wuthl h'ti :e
en ! i"M t SVE.pn if the M0pe immeb:u
ee .,IWo A to then; but as Inmtt:s Sim
t the tim, had the orimance been sujlnitte
,''ppUla,r vots, it Woud have bwen sus- '
inLi ; Lat is ly judglmen t abuout th! mat
Q. Wiat was the date of t1he Georgia ordi
A. TIe 18th or 19, T think the L't , of
an ar8, 1861, thon;-,: I amn. notce in.
Q. Thu gie.stion of Scesson wPs v
n t he eletin oft deeAntes to tha4t Conven.tion
A. Yes, sir.
Q. And w:as there, on the part of the can
its,a pretty general aval of oiion0Is ?
A. Very geerai.
Q. What was- tie resnit of the elect on, so
ar as t Cnveion(~ ext]ie-sed any opIinionl
Sp0 n theC qu(estion1(1 of seres5in ?
A. The2 n':jority was about tirtyi in the
oivnetiniin favor If Secessionl. I do not re
nemb: er the eat vto.
Q. In a GoIIv 11i;In efhow many ?
A. In a Conven:i<m basedi :,a the rTUOber
mnbeI..r I do not r4.c&leet, but think it nas
Q. \\ I's therIe anyV diilereceC in1 (: ren(t
A. In son:e onf theC 1OrItontan cons ":s the
nion~ sent ment ws gene-rlily p:ea!lnt.
heC (itie, townsII, :al viigeis were generney)
r1 ,,e-in th 'm:gho:.t theL SIt . I think,
rai in the rm al di.l TIt. andI 'in the 1: untins
f tihe State; yet the. pep !L sIme.It the
nie1ion ofl the11 j'teI at CEi!. r (int c, the
elega.0tes fr om Ft2d county,2 Ilin which othe i:
Vas tizi able one11 andI StI)rog for sere-In : hil
heI. coty tVof JeL!Lerson, dmynv in thei in teror
f the clIon: beig, sent one oIf thei. mo1-- pImi
ien-!t dleLga1te for the Un:ion. I Coldi d.,i
IIIte other' pairti(&iiar co.unties inI that way
:broughout thle State, showingta hl a
m10t wha;nt migh t he tennedc a seC~tillnal gIl
trapicial divi.,on of the State onI the ques
Q. State whether from your observationl,
heC evenlts of the warlI have produ (ced an chI:mIge
te Constutiohn of rte Uni-ted~ States ?
A. Thot O':esti:In I ansre>\Td in p,rt ye2ster
(ITv. W'.eIL I can't SayI, fi* Iom(1H: geen kn,X I
yrn~ State- uon the ablst!tt qu.estion of tihe
!-esrved1~.! rhts of Sune Is no: hav11e chanII:ged,
-ny decided2 opjinilon is that a very thoroughi
:bangIe h-T as taken pace uponU the practical
plly IIf re.Sortinlg to any) suzch rights.
Q. Whait events11 or experIlience of wvar have
COt' ibuted to this ebange~L ?
A. F-r the~ple:-ple are sati.u-fied that a re
deieId by\ theC Federal Goenet w il leadl
to war, wh ich- Wiany though'lt before the bite
at t myIted1 selLessti wol no I t he the caise
They a: e also now veryV w eII sa ti fed that civil1
war- are <hmg.erousi to l1iberty; andl Iorleover,
thir exjIpieceIC in theC hite uur,l I thin:k, haus
stziited them that it greatly e~n:iangeredC
their ownO. I albule2 espLer1il to the .Ipin
Sin of the w: it of /wIe'a.sp]io d the ili
il.x in vII 11us plaeS, ge- eral iminl i-n'ln:ents,
well -a I the very dL:Ib ral/izmg efects of war
Q Wh len were yoti last a inemlx.er :o the
A. I wenCt 'lut onl t!: 1 t of .uacL, IA.
Q. WiX 0ou s tat, if noIIt inda spIled. to do
vo rsifn t te ee!on s,: f';r tas t c cep
t.-s of . me; i , s. cn e ?,
A I h ave h ir in the rejerved
Ioverei- :av 4f the < V .: t Snde rlth
(im: .:,t 0F o ti constittIon 7o ' .
I o s ed i ee< 'sin,tiareore, e.s a '' fnson
wsI CII0 her, an e p!Mp'-,K t (f.st Imv for
tun;cs m i:'A 1 disti her nin,! h-er p .
r:aher ~ t thnttk n, o"eor, evn
Ifh:Uh it nio:t lri to te saci'f> e f1 mybL
uIr .hnWW onle-r ol* t ,h
n a to b a t g I f onl in Crew 1er;n
:i.d perpetuating1 ~ t piCi']ls Of li;he: tyv:.
:t-odle 'ihed nderthe Cons.,i!.UIo(1In of ( i
Ie the Un.&i'n w, as t be oned, eithe
oi. o 'witut force, -i.' h I thu htvr
im :iic mte e, wI i l if p tvie, tI
re)ene1persv (nd ;h. rIn;n heCil prineS
of th Ic vonsiuio. i I was not u1 C,I rn
Niet wr",n 0fo. were 61ireclcd oi b:
Ousu ClvO .I 11 P()". 'lI QV i0l C: 't
oil t o t es
thought 10 b8 e lin.cOing wofld e ch i: 18
ed lon thI'1; pr-InialY of, mutualsci ven ien- e
:mda rciproaal advan:ace on th of t h
Stitc nw (Ih the !Z-:% of the Uitte
tAt was Ihig i .:y funadt d. o kil w ilit'Se
the'I' ii, a O lio 1 1 o het). separte
#1vie ) ofl the stv a 11:1"es. ti: til
recoit7,-d t p inpl2 e ftO: IA ho1 h a the r qu-i es.
tionsof iii;er !tencesiouht If adut themselve I
:wcording to11. the betineltso e , e
f,r 1 rnv Ip ropity o1 the w hol e co ry IY, as S
In-cbte ed -r wlo . c:a1M ind.1101me 1n wl on -I n
Ofjutstie mizht G iect this (otine of thr
.wveal tat.d s a sel nous:ng,reguati
p ie::e of our Amev:,("(:m sy,,em of Si)te
tverh e n IIl extendi:.,, so.sily v er Lthe
C) ti nnt.
Q. Hae vm: sentmentsun,egn i n
chane ice tile opning of thle rebellionl in
iicfrenr t t p thbe reSe-Ved ri!hts of th e sat
uL er tI e Cvn stiI in ofr the U titd Stte ?
A . I cnvi:iC o i oon the origina1l3 abtrIc
qetoshave nus<eno clun!-, but
accelt the i--, of the wa Ir and the re ult us a
p i al t t I tl- n I t . th-i t qluetion. I I tt
wo:d wa, appe:.h- to decie the qoe i;n,
Ali h)v the deeb,i pipll!o Ces(Jrd of w I am WAi.i
The Frc s;ident' s Spee, c It-1Lo C4 o c rd
Thecolored -pop!e of %VWas1hitztcneebr
tcd the em m i 'mio vf t;ve Inth l tt
ofCo ia on Thursday. The pTh r0v io
Vi:ited thle WhiteHou'se, when11 the Preside-It
.ad(dresseUd thllim as follows:
Ihave o oth;I.t mllore to SaN to ,ou on ibs
o ic I vntn r thlii compli- I
ment you hnve pmil mue inprnigyu
sel ve 'fIr mo on th o- a < fl!V elb v
ti ccme forwa(1 for the purT)esr of-1 in1i
wat . Atal ilCmm m thi co1- Z1d
neCa to 1'' ti vast \ eenemrs tha 11the time
wil:-comei', cif that,i to beor a grat h e
Stte i fidct w o h:n-Ie fsiliI.d the il
a hobbyL andl pretenl e by Iah tIhetfr canIh
uccesOl* tin obaim tand mai0tiin ower.
andi noi hve bll eenYI tu true me no Ao
iw anted the to pr11ici.pae in n d n the h
The im ni lcmew n :: i t w !(i.ll be ma
man,1 :mdI I ho, n it fut hi:l8 io:,iee eto
t'.ti-,I m Ov s ( y,t conItibued m:or, i ro cur
Illn tl of 112ery i (Iler Statet,'b thei in tt
ctin ofv thSV foemmr toer e to hae pruton
of (in do Ineo (' tat,('1 -I'l:0o1ilI o g i p a e on: guar
fo Jel lthat shlery sh:ll gnr i ho-r hev p: itted
t IoVex- vXo - h re-es U!he Iin any ( SCtate or1(
jnri0 lit tion 5i:theii:0 vite nth lthl , tiie
a i! how en21 iut lif)t cVC'Iitel feelingt o f ( re-01
judh-e111 :11i utimhes W II' hae nobd t do that.
Sh:iS be8> 1n 0n1-11 1 CinL this oi :k ;t'bin wh
ini as~I a1h1hr, nor aid 1105 ride the (c h>re
tid twls forI th e , urpos tof eslisfir litO .
WtId,1 t wot ame kos it to ie so, cthaitv vmy
eotsve contL-ilhute fi s ith, gifI' not ot
than 1 those ' o r pny i other li i tan in the
rniIt l1is y eas fr coloreii me tob have, pre
Ide exposedk(11( theiZrt :(1i limbs or s poety, and
w hinever conot inntel a 0i: n-e UIIinil fm the
:nne ll thel great i12 cause , e anthr ell edC
hAis l,nl piut up~I evthin j:)red and (dearIi
toha nd tho:se1' whom~i 101 ' the ai., ' and who
thtyi cost,i an re'eivTe2i and as"i'ace
ve srme uho11 assium,c ne the i s o hav2.ers
erind' Irotector< f th colre man.,1iiLIf
the ime' ( wil.0 come,i Cf d thatC' ' no fr d e-ient,
redy il tI a bee a pr-s iflewih me and o
i1. it mtust Le reIced to practical reaity.
Men i ben f:ie ha-ve to dieny thcmselves
n t Nii.-h :eem to he embraced in
th:e i<h-a o-f univers :d redm
I t is with you t give evidence to the world,
and th peple f the un'ted Staultes, wt. ther
you tre p)ing to appreci-tu this great hoon as
itAs . th-t voll 1re T1 orthv of being
freemn. Ti.n Ict me thnk you with sin
er r te comlimnt oIi -have paid n:
by ;assi i :ogh ereto d-v -Ind (yn
y r s toe. T rept again, the time
il 1i'l when you r1ii ! know who has beeln
'oIr betc-' f.i ;n d, 'NInd who has not been your
ic! f;-mi iercenary con iderations. Ac
~crt my haks
The Presiden t, after coneluding his remarks,
tait:'d omt!1i oult-ilc k ile the pncessionl
pas', nd duringi this time'~ l-r;e n.umbers of
hev C(lre pole audvan 0ed to pV their re
,pocs to iim, and ta Il him by the hand.
The President wP-z repmtedlv and enlthusi
:istica clek redI og the dvlvery of the
vb;s address pnd the passa.e of the pioces
O, u1 .i- proceede'l to miuve as suoon as lie
Old Praritan Lzrs.
We L-tc in nour poS.Ussson a nil 11111atedl filo
o f " C, T /ij,;dm IaIald, or the Jw,peiode nI
( UP'|t oK S'i|l A ?b/ 1It!,"' a semti it -cIhly
news5: er potrCd at 'arhstwi, S C., in - he
vel s 1 7-s- S andc 'I9fl. by Fowen, Vnndfh
& Ant! e'ws, at Franklin's lemtl, No. *A ]3:v,
,There e,-ays, rtiles of inteligence, advelr
tis ni' too' ~t%s, & ., u e gratefulVly ceived, .11d
evcrY ti of ripiting lso perfoliled; sub
:.! , tions for this p er at ji,c f7llf pt r nn
.m-o::I-half on subscribing, the remainder
at tC end f the venr."
The advertisiements ard 1ical events, a'so
vigtevd as tiey V. :ith may of ihe ld fu:i
ies prmiinent in the history of tle State, arC
quiite r;efring to the aitiq:gnrial, to say
ohn of the excitemnc.n t wki.h pervided
Ie pl u!ar mind ttuebing the adip,tion it the
F'ed: rl Con.lsttu,t;on, a other toieconnect
(l with the ovgraiiz, tIofn of the Governnt.
The mou m o of the pl per, "That tO Liberry of
the Press he iiv!o:cy preserved," i quoted
rot the Conti':n of South C.-roh!;a. In
N. :. d-7Itj Dec':nhr 6, 1787, there is a
e ':flm (cdittedl tao 'h e S i(;;pYire Spy,"
1-ttle-d ' is ld inl the(: dominion of Ne
Haven a: it, first s!tdeent," from whic we
cap1 --i 1 ta 5eS!1. s ow1ing the rigid rir
fe~ of the "'u1ritan F:ithers,' ahich is NtO)I the
hritae of mny of their deseendants a.s exei
Tp,11ed in iiihire m:ajorii *. The early
'he(vcryr and Magistrates, convened in
umi.- ( i, of this ind.&pendnt 1)ouinion.
1'iry .-iinst tiis Duminiion shall be
'tit- ' with cdeathb.
W'oever :ays there iS a power andjurisdic
1ion a i and over this ).mini;ion, shall iuf
f,r de.Oh and loss of property.
'[hce Joes sh:~ determine controversics
witliout a ju,y.
No ne s-i! he a rce man or g,ve a vote,
unless h he converted, and a member in
l comn, ionn of one of the Churches allowed
in this Domintuin.
No one shall hcod any office who is not
soi d in the laithl and faithful to this Donun
No gunaker or disputor from the estr.blished
worsh in' of this SI)oin ion shall be allowed to
give a 'ote for the election of Magistraites er
No foo'd or lodging shall be offered to a Qua
k er, Adan] ite or 'ther h eretic.
If anyi person turns Quaker hie shall be ban
isedl and not suffered to retur-n but on pain
Ni priest shall1 abide in the Dominion. lie
shn!l he bantiished and siuffr death on his re
turn. Pr ies'ts mabe seized by any one with
out ac wa:riant.
No onei to cross a river but with an author
Ni on~e shall tr avel, cock v-ictuals, make
ha, swe2?p riouse, CUt hair or shave Onl the
>o onte sicii ran on the Sabbllath day, cr
wk in his g-arden, or elsewhere, excel e rev
erve! to and2 frm n mtee- g.
No 'oma ~n shali - i herb~ children en the
S-ii bb th or f:-tt dayv.
A per-onla neso of trespass ini the mciht
s-!1 he jud-ged guilty, uinle-s he clear himself
When i t apnears th:at an accused4 has con
feerates, amic'he refuwes to disclose them, he
No one hall hay or sell lands without per
moisin of the SAl?etm1en.
A drnimrdc:i shall have a nmaster appointeti
by the Secetmein, who arec to deb-ar him from
thei liberty of buyving anid selinhg.
No mii; ter shall hee a ,-chooul.
Whncev-er wear' clothes tr-immedi with gold,
srier, or- hone lace above two two shi!!!nes
per? yard shall be presented to thez Grand Jtu
ru'rs, andi the S:-eete shall tax the offender
at E:3i i e-ta te.
A de'enr in prison swearin':'he has no es
tte shall be let out and soild to make satisfac
Whtoe-ver sets fire in the nodds, and it humns
a house, shall sufFTer death ;and pe-rsons sucs
r e-ted1 of this crime shalh be imp? isoned with
ut benteft of hail
No (Tne . hial red CUomr-on Prayers, kteep
.Cians or set diay', make mIinced pyes,
4-.me c, cl!av ca rd's, or ay~ o tn a ny inustriument
of music except the drum, tr-umpet and jews
o ensneel mainhc-t.er shai!join people im mar
rhce; the on. gisumutes only shtul join in miar
ri:e, as they may do) it with less scandal t.
Chrt ist's Cht irch.
W hen parents refu.Me their clhlren wih
con-eient mrnrin.ge, the miagistrates shall de
The 5.-le nc, on firuding the chilren ig
n:rt, mayT take~ thten away fromr then:- p-a
rns, and I-ut them in better hands, at the el
encse of their ?:cr:'s.
A u ife shall be deemed good ev:dence
2:i st her husband.
No manc sh;all crt a maid in person, or by
lenerom, widuuot brst obt-;ining conisentt of her
pirents ;?5 pemn:ly for the fimrst ofence, ?10
for the second and for the thimd imupris imemnt
di..: the leasurme oif the Cocu t.
Mali h! persons must live together or be
F.very ma!ic shal! hav-e his hair cut round,
Tn conversation the other day with Col.
Thos. Jones, of Kentucky, he gives us a piece
of biographv of Pre:-ident Lincoln v hich we
regard as true, and so curicus that it ought
Iot to he lost. We had seen something like
it, yeR4 ago, in the newspapers, but we nev
er %npposed, then, that there was a word of
truth in it. The puhhention was madie in the
Southern papers at the beginning of the recent
SeCes ion u ar.
Col. Jones owns lands in Hardin County,
Ky., and went there to look afterthem. IIe
met Governor llehnes, of Kentieky, livinz in
that County, who told him that he knew Abra
min Lincoln very well, % hen a boy. Ile was
born in the neig,ihorh1ood, anid wa" five Years
youner than Governor Ilhlmes. llis moth
ers 1nme was Nancy Hanks. There were
twoi men very attentive Io her. Abraham Wins
low, or -E,low, and a Mr. Gecty. Airaham
n laA born out of welock, and it Was douibted
hv the conmmunity - heti-r he was a son of
W;nslow or Geety. The I-tter person was a
nemberi of the Kentucky Legislatutre, and
living at the time Lincoln was elected Presi
dent of the United States. le was very old
and some one jeered him about being the
fir ihrof the Pre,ident. The old man said
"No." f e was not the father of Abraham Lin
crn, "athough ie had had a hiidred chaices
of being so. Lincoln's father was Abraharm
Winslow." In proof of it, he said that he,
Geety, was a short. fit man, and all of his
fanily % ere so. Winslow was a tall, ga sky
man, six feet two inches high, anrd iniimate
with Naner Ianrks. Moreover, shne naned
her son "Abrahamn," after Winslomv. Tiis
proof of o!d Geety was rewprded :iz 1-retty CoD
elusive considering the tall, gawky figure of
Li n oin.
When Abraham was five years old, his mo
ther, "'Nzxcy M,K5nks, maAlied on l I f llow
1ned Linc,n, who %n as a miller, :nd moved
w ith IIi II to IlFi n oin. Ile thrre took th-, n-ae
of Lincoln, and , erha ps never knew hilt that
Lincoln wA:is his father. ITs murther soon
died, and his step .f-ither, Lincoln, nir Yied
again. His second wife % as said to have bee!
a g1od,clever woman, and was verv kind to
Abpraham. Old Lineoln (lied whilst, Abra
ham was young." Mr. P,,iroft. in his 0ra
tion on the Character of President Lincoln,
savs that his mother coul read, but not
write, and t h . t his fa th,er could do i:either.
Abrahamn grew up :nd evinced a great d al
of talent and cleverness. When twenty-one
yearsold he was elected a menb-r of the Ilili
nois Legi,lature. Whilst in the tegi-!ature
lie mide a speech which attrac'ted attention.
A lawyer at Sprii fh.ld, the ca:iital of 1i1ionis,
slgztCed tm voung Lincoln the idea of readlintg
told him he could rvad n ith - him, and aipply
to a Judge at Chiambers and he admitted.
This he did during the time he was a miembvr
of the Legisi.ture. ImmediatelY aftvr his ad
m11i.sion to the bar, the candidate for Contress,
in Lincolin's Congressional District, had to go
offeiectioneerinrg, and could not attend the
Court. Ile requestrd Lin-oln to take charge
of a case of homicide, which he had, and make
a speech for a gambler who was indicted for
murder. lie told Lincoln that the -A'endant
would pay him handsomely, if acquitted.
Lincoln defended he rnmbler successfully,
and( hie was acquitted. lie received a fee of
five hundred dollars in cashr. Thereupon he
went to Joshua Speed, of Springfield, who was
a wealthy merchant, and said to him, "I have
five hundred dollars, which is mio-e moiney
than I ever expected to have in my life, arid if
I had one hundred and fifty dol!ars more, I
would purchase a quarter section of hand for
ry step-mother, who is very poor, and has~
always been very kind to me." Mr. Spneed re
pieci, "'I will lend you the money.'' Lincuoln
said, "I1 owe y'ou one hunered and fifty dorllars
already." Speed said that made no dhifference,
and gave him the money'. Lincoln ininnediait
1v mouinted his horse, went to the L-ind OmIce
and took up the quarter section in the name
of his step-mnother.
After Lincoln was ele' t'd Presidient, he
wrote to Joshua Speed that it was now in hi
nower to reward him of his kindness when he
was starti g in life. Mr. Speed replied that
he wanted1 re (dhee himaself, but that he had a
oung brother who was a practising lawyer at
Luilville, Kentthky, and would be glad for
Lincoln t -do som;ething for him. This young
brother was thnereuponi appmointed Attorney
eneral of the United States, andl is still dis
h; ing the~ dmies of this high office under
Col. Jon;es i nfo;rmed ris that he hadl the above
information lhkewise from d. W\it.te:- Smith, (.f
Ketiky, n ho knew the statement of (Gov
r nor Hielmecs to be t- ne in .very particuar.
(Greenc ille [fu 'n ta ineer.
The Sandw ch Ilainds are at present at'ract
ig considera ble at teni tion ais a suice ssful place
for growing cot ton. In H1:iwai there. are ex
tesive tracts of smaill broken lava, whlich aip
pear to a stranger as wholly barr-en and stet ile,
aid yet are very productive ini raising sweet
ptatoes and seC few esculents Last year
acres of this waste region were planted with
cotton, ano the experimiernt resulted ini the pro
dution of a crop of the "Anest and white,t"
Sea Islarud Cotton. Ther gr-oers of the fabh ic
state tl at it reouniredi o -ui at ion a fter the
sed wecre phlanted. Upon opening the bolls
fll upon the cian lav'a stones, thereby hemgi1
kept frte fnrm thne dust and dirt. T1he people
are very sanguine over this discovery, and an
tcipate great results from it. A cago of R
has already reached Honrilulu, w'hich has set
the capitalists there on rhe qui vice.
Tmu'AsoN rN M AMA CH USETTs.-Th e am]i!'l
Wrd was sittinr ini the box ofnie at the Bis
toni T1heatre, theother day, whlen the winudow
wsq sud lenily eclipsed by a sah!e visage, whnn-h
made a demnid for "Two preserved s.eats rorr
dis ehni;r, sah !" ''preserved seats ?" sa?d
the astomniThed treasurer; "gto down to t:te
mn:ret, if youi want a hnat, w e dlon't sell 'etn
here." The eyes of the hew ihhl-red dar-key
rolled like the orbs of the S;hinix, as lhe
shumed away, while John chu< kied eit his
sucess in evadirng a discussioni on "the rgt
of tihe freedmian."
[J3Boston Commrercial Bulletin.
There is deep-seated treason lurking behind
that paragraph. It is well known that all
Boston is dijvided into loyalists" and "disloy
niists" on the great que-stion of niggers going
.o th thet. We nvs amnner to look
Trwum Asimy.-The New York World of
the 16th tit., contains a graphic atd interest
ing sketch of -General Ashby-the Partizan,"
by "J. E. C." which all % ill at once recognize
as the initials of that vigorous and charming
writer, John E.,ten Cooke. Esq., of Virginia.
Hlis desfription of General Ash by's appearance
is as f,lloA S :
"What the men of Jackson saw at lt 1eaA
of the Civalry from March to June, 1862 Wai
a ma rather below the middle height, with an
active and vigorous frane, clad in plain Con
federate gray. Ilis browii felt hat w as deco
rated with a black feather ; his uniform was
almost without decorations ; his cavalry bont,;
dusty or spiashed with mud,came to theknee ;
and around his waist he wore a sash and a
plain leather belt, holding pistol aid sabre.
T[ face of this man of thirty or a litt'e more,
v* tin:ceab,le. Iis complexion was as dark
ws that of an Arab ; his eyes, of a deep rich
brown, spalkh-d under well formed brows;
and two-thirds (if his face was ervered hv a
huze black beard a- d moustache, the lat a .
curling at'the ends, the former reachn; his
breast. There nns thu- in the face of the
cavalier something moorish, and brigandish;
but all idea of a melodramiatic personoe dis
appeared, as yom pre-sed his hand, looking in
thies, which would dsh .superbly i.
hattle, were the softest and most friendly im
aginable; the voice which would thrill his
ren as it rang uke a claron in the charge,
was the pei fecti.-n ofmild courtesy. He Als
as sil le and "friendly" as a chiif, in all his
words, movements. and the carriage of h 4
person. You could see from hi< dress, his
iirm tread, his open aid frank gince, that he
was a thorogi soldier-inde!d he always
"lo..ked like work"-'ut under the soldier, as
plainly was the gentlen1:1. Stich in his plain
vo.stIIme, %i ith his sitmple manner ab: retiring
modsty, was AIhby,; whose name and a),
a bravc eCnrade has truly said, will endure'as
loni as the mountains and valleys which he
Apart fion what he perf,rmed,, l. *
prsoage to whom attached and still attached
a never dying interest. His career w as a ro
marice-it was as brief, silendid, and effer
r-scent as a dream, but after all, 'twas the
man, Turner AJhby, who was the reai altra'
tion. It was the man whom the people 'of the
Shenandoah Valley admired so passionately,
rather than 1is glrimos record. There w as
something grander than the wonder ful achiieve'
merits of this soldier, and that was the sodTer
Eiw1GAT1oN.-We have sundry scheme- iin
viting the citizens of the South to expatriate
theiselves, but the most advantageous we
have seen is that now offered to the freedwen:.
We fearii from a ciCular recently issifed b'y
the American Colonization Society, thatit ina
tends to send a vessel to Liberia eaily in Maf,
should the number of freedmen desiring to go
to that "land of happiness and freedom" be
sufficient tojusti y the expense. The latest
news from the emigrants who went thit4e
last year, state that the em*gWnts 'ere de
lighted with the land of their adoption.
The inducemrents held out are, that ive
acres of rich land are given to each emigrant
immediately on landing. Schools and eOurches
are in great abundance, and every freedman
is his own bureat . This is a great inde'n
ment to our freed-people; and as there are
thousands who complain they cannot get work
in the towns and cit'es they generally flock
to, we shouild think they would universally
avail themselves of the liberal offer of t'n-e
Colonization. Society. All 'ho want to go
are reg':ste'd by dhe circular to make imine
diste appflcation to the R?ev. W. W. McClad,
D. D)., Financial Secreta.ry of the American
Colonieation Society, Washington City, D. C.
We think we are doing the freedmen a service
by e?tendinrg this notice.-Phoenix.
GRMAN IMMmR;ANTs.-Mr. JI. M. Miller, a
large planter of Deech Island, near Augusta,
arrived herec yesterday on the Steam Ship
Emaily B. Souider, bi inging with him one hun
dred German immiigrants and laborers, includ
ing several families *f men, women and -'hil
dren. We had the pleasure of it visit rroik
Mr. Miller at otur office last e'vening,'inA !ar'd
that miost of these in-migrants have but ri
cently artrived from G rmnary.. Mr. Miller is
agent of the Georgia Immigration Company.
iis,sinece.,s on his first trip North in the win'
tro,diieion of some fifteen German laborers
about eight weeks previous to this last imp6r
tation, led to the formation of an Tmmigratioi
con:pany in his neighbo,rhmood, and his ap
pointi:ment as agent to carry out the object of
the organization. He again started an a vtsit
to N-a York, taiking with himn an old German
wh-i had been tiseful to him on his first trip;
andI understo'od well thne Gertan character.
With this assistance. Mr. Miller was enabled
to p'ick out his men and obtained a choice se
Hie andi his party leave on a special train at
6 A. M. to-d:iv for Augusta. The terms upon
nhi-h these immigrants are employed are:
$1l50 per annu!m, withi boar-d and a house, for
nach ma:n, and $100;t a y-ear, with board and
ihoui'e, fir ea'-h 'f the fe-males.
Air. MiWer had orders f'or f4ftv of these per
sonls be-fore he left on his way North.*2
NATTONAL '. URRENcY.-The follfowirng is the
amniunt of each denomuination of national cui
rency issued gp to and including Aptril 12,
- . - - $4.083,318
2's . . - - - 3.122,212
5's - - - - - 303,828.500)
10's. - - - - 69t,170,391
26- - - - - - 7,fl61,120
50's - - - - - 31A.718.015
J's-- - - - 22.2'<3.3:37*
5CO' - - - - ,16i5.000
1000's - - - - - 4.627.000
Tot al - - - $206,278;890
Thne send centen tial attnn-irsar of the Grand
Master.,hip of the Prinre Wiii:m Frecderic-k
(har les of H olland, over the Gri an.d Lodge of
the Ni hierlanids will be celeb,rated at the
Hague May 27. %e prince 'e as first elected
Grand Master in 1816- There are tifty three
workir g I (iges under thtis Grand Orienit.
The Grand Loidge ot North ;'arolina pro
poses. ini c-onnection wvith the Grand Lodges
of the United S:ates, to found a national ma
triiiiveri.ity; with a capital stock of
$1 non CK