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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, May 23, 1866, Image 1

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TERMS-1,5 FR S 1
NEWERRY S3 C.- WEDNE$ ) , M 2,
At Newberry C. II.,
(Payment required invariably in ardvance.)
&Advertisementrs,inserted at ,1,.i per sTare, for
Marr~.age notices, Fm:,,rali; ittoJ m m is
and CommunicationS ot personal interest cha:-ged
as advertise:nents.
I am Ding.
I am dying, dar'ing, dying, and mv pulses slovlV
Soon life's tide will fast fiow fron me-even now
the waves retreat.
I am going, dear one, going, but 'tis joy-I wil
not gntive
I'll not ask the grim old mo::s:er, Death, to gran:t
me a reprove,
For I cannot live without thee. What is this
whole world to me
With it's riches, pomp and sp'enior, if 1 canno:
be with thee ?
'What would be a throne-a kingdom, if I knew
that I must not
Share it with thee ? Alh then none wculd envy
my sad lot.
Think ve that I could be happy-that the past
could be forgot ?
No; a heart's truest affection cannot ever thus be
What to me the wealth of India, what the worth
of je wels rare ?
Can a heart give up it's idol i'r the p-Ce Cf dia
Monds clea ?
For the worth of pearls and opals, coral red, a::d
rubies bright?
No the true hear:'s sable curtains closi:g round
woLd make ad night.
And the miid!ilt plumieS of :orrow, waving ever
o'er the heart
From which c ve: rhig of pleasure, j o y a I a
ness did dert,
Woud Wemll ee LU 1j wV sp r::g, a; tae gLhn
made the: move,
II have seen , sad, sad burial, Lere's the grave
of a lost love."
So from earthly things I'm parting. Why ca:c I
to longer Stay
I'll be nearer to my daring when from e,rth I
am awav.
And when met in Heave: as s NN'its, wo so hat'
pyas we ?
Come, my darling, to the portals, I'll be w atch~n
there for t.ee.
NEW ya:r, May 1 th. C I-L
The Old Acadlemy.
The sun has sunk to rest 'neath the western
hills, the hum and tread of children's deput
ing feet have died away and we are all alone,
sister and I, in the old Wake Forest Acaaemyv.
It is an old time defaced building, surrounided
with noble oaks which bow their heads in
solemn majesty to the passing bre-ze. And
in the evening's dusky light the village church
looms up, rear ing its humble spire toward
heaven's blue dome, as if in m1ate adoration to
nature's God.
Sister is seated by a window watching in
tently the golden hued clouds left in radiance
by the last reflection of Sols departed glory.
Her 'tboughte I surmise are of home and the
loved ones there, as ever and anon a smile of
pleasure flits over her faice. Now she leans
her bead wearily on~ her hand and heaves a
*sigh, ah! there is a depth of meaning in a
sigh,they conme from the heart. Sweet si.ster,
I would that Heaven had willed thee a bright
er lot, but if my love and devotion can allevi
ate the monotony, or- cheer the dark ptath of
your life it shall be yours as long as I exist.
'Tis true that our lots have been thrown in
an uncongenial spot, Lut we have fannd
friends around th1e hearth:stones of trange:s.
ne itt particulatr w hose frien,t; i is va ned
'byme as a priceless pLarl. A.s I gaue into theC
silent depths of this grove I wonder where
are the manty busy feet whLieh have press'd
this sod in dlays of vor,.
Some have gone fort h to act their part :n
the gie:d drama of life. <>Ithers, alas' rest in
~he quiet city of tonis,sic transa: glaia mnun
li; thus does the revolving wheel of time
bring chlang:s. A few nw>re tmonths and I
will bid adieu to Waketv l'ret and its inmates,
ohr other lands an d stra'nge eeenes. I some
tim:es t:kfo de . respon;si > tv of
present hand. I hae et many hours in
this old Acaden : . wre pler:sant, some
were sad; but ' en i roam f wil bear
with me : te'ler recollections, arnd sweet
ascrain:, a Lected4 with this spot.
n It the eissc hulls of my alma
oae re than twelve months ago, little did
Sthe-i think that I would be breatt)n' cut
stence in this secluded rpot, but so it was.
Eerman andi his vi> follow'ers swept through?
our sunny land like a scourging p:t:>!ncc;
and our Leloved cnpital waas a doom ed city
The holy hour of nigt annsse th trr no
scenme of destruction, and when morn~ daw.ed
mockingly on then once g:arn Cy our
loved, time honored inti:to ahtr n
eons mass, a blac na pil ofr s.A
ism indee is lv '' cha s. I though!
but I found a frien on whn:- brow is-< -
the seal of noiiitv, whose everr netac is
guidd )y honor ar(d truth, inl wIon I placc
implicit conrldence This "r'. tie
solace of mv weary hours, a beaon c hlit:ht in
miv dark pathway. Then why, ah ! why, my
heart this sadness, 'md scenes like these de
c ine. Alas, a few more n%ths, and I will
roam f-r away, a strangem in a strang land.
Then no heart will heat for the abs.ent one, no
thought be given to the wanderer. But tine
%Vearsapace and I must ce:ie. Yet what eer
befalls me, Wake Focet and its associas
shall not be forgotten.
'To r e : to re:,*ar , I wm!!:1 -ot 11t ,
Thecar wh.l!i ch the pat Q er the p:Ce!t can
Fri al? the gayv* vi4:s t!u i''y may'. nCIV
No. 6
In a f rrmer nu:hor rfrcrce w;as m e to
the 1cv(actioln 0f te c.et 0 N2nt5, anf lin(
co:ieret remol': of th-: i nia:en"t5 umm
France to Eng1uli : otIer countries I'
th ni . e 7: ration ci P'rot%ta l it- :!,:!I t1ii.ir si t
t!wmn,t in' Ena.al it was that manu;:Anre
began11 to flllnnsh, and~ t:';lm toat In::O 2:ve
.L 1, ,r
'lven the :seew.'mey t i:t r'nnou:
tryv to c(land 2v: 1 'th2r (n=1 - 2 e
do rot ifer to this to :how tlat t .110ICy of
drivi::- a people from thiir native s
be ad0ted by any govern!enit ; but to pr,
sent thek faICt that mannieturesiare a i
to a countrv when .iy spontancou'usiy grow
up and are fostered by the exgcies of the
pcol e.
The'. encouragemnt o.f marnufactures by the
go vernment) 1 tentd, directly to f4ster one branchl
of :nlastry at the cxpense of some oher
bramv-hbt whenO I n nuemtur iare (Ic:n and
ec bV the condition of the countrv, o they
then grow up, thle people are beI;evted by
themr; lcuseU5 investmt2C arc nuaU. p
so1s' who have cal!it!!, a:.d tIt cci n,, is em
love in s methi:e 1,.,1t :1,i 'tie r m n r t
t .
z o vtiO Il'111 U f'i.1,:, I l CS. t,T C l
te t sthi, there is amt e rInor ..
growvthi of mnanufactutrs.\ Whr .1ie n
liom ishes con) .I"i" .i1: p, ai.-n ; d
way aticlcs are exch J a t' en im t:ade,
wvh 1 , inus t ini Si ic Ui nt a iur e v i
long run, be pro!tale1 to some (1 the pa! eS
engZ.ag1,d in it. Thl,, "s the g n rlr l i
c 2. la!al cases.
Inc the present eclll(tion of the~ Amb, one
of the c;ni'-tions pr'2 .11nted for t0ir co :-ra
tion1 at tis i ei ni. I t exe):t t
es taVi-h mna nt.le:t: es of any ahB.d 1: if n
what 1bon'd be <'enz ? There are nl1um11)ie
tres of cotton) goods1 and of iron, u; hi h Il
be put inoperln. ThJeSe ought to b cn
couaged1 to go to 'o:. -for f '-tim i o u
to any extent, aid mnanufactured here, there
must (of necessity large profits to some per
sons, say those intereKted in the estat:ii !me1.
Beside the direct profit to them, the hands
employedi ':ust be suipportedl. Th'is will cin
connri e the~ production of breaistuffs in the
eihbohood of these mmfaof 'ies-aiid
then an internal trade l arsJ, which never
couhi have taken phace were this state of
things not existing. Here there is mutura
beneit, and there is no injury done by the
operationi of government. Shoull such a
.cou-e be ade'pted by imen who hla-e tihe
meal.s, the drooping condioni of aliis WOul
5Con assumel a more el eeri ng aspecti, arni tihe
loom which overhatngs our 10olitical horizon
would .' (I:ssipatec T o effLct such change CS
will recinire activity and elnterp'r:se and me~.n
mu st look around onI tmngse~ as they are, mad
prel:ce to) :nr.noe the best ther Canl Cut of
D)espo:iency never enabled a penple to re
coer' from decpre.i i1n. When C tile Hu lguenots
were e:le,l froml rlnu::-e, thteir l was neVer
suphedi, and even; !4'-day Enllli fcelS the in-.
-nry l1ii(ei hv tha:t fa-' step (f 1nll\y.
lgUn:: ha: iCCeived thISe ,KOcfa -' whieb a
noble andi 'id*i1-s1-1 pet-e always ee01:r
uponl a country ; a!:d il 50e 15 w iSt' e e
rta in tha t powei for yealrS to emie.
ii ou r de;ire- i l I' srvywia
is befoe u1. We 71.-tiy kV o.w tIe lo2-c
xe have sntered-hnit ?2r2la s 'Xe do not 1<
these losses capita1 a:1.l la,r [1.uKt (ic d BC,
andl be ecCragOItC to comeI. 'ud ('can, mi un.i
p'rSvreXOiC Call overem e i n te o
sta:e5 that mIl he in th 2.1y il any i-'LFe
exce>t the tiiu tA eta-tie re n1
of b-ad legishation. \Wer the (overnment
protects tile people in0 Cn e. Vyment f t..e
fits of thIeir inhor, m:d 'mke p rope ty so
cure, andl the admhin;itrati:II of justice imupar.
tial an;d sure, theore a- no0 ob tacles w Kich1 a
virtuo us anld great sunled p e le 11y not
overclime ; butt if' th.ey are so corapt to:,t
tese o':ects cannot Le obtai:.ed then~i there 19
n hopKm for them. H >-UN
JN-'M 'iOo W.'v.- 1th 21st Feb
a'ur. l' 5, as (Gen. .;
borh I bon 7 n ss b
there f civcdI ar Io eeet
byi,tobj hrli:: .C m na
T<:r the lI, 1.rOw.
In the "Herald" of M:ay
21, there is an extract from "New 010,(rleans
('Cecet, 2ist April,' in which occurs the
fu!!wing item l a z a part of the proceedings of
the General Conference of the Methodist E.
Churc, Soth, at its last session
"A preamble and scries of resolutions were
introd uce.d, protestin a ngainst the interference
of the eie or other power with the ciurch.
1he (octiinc that self-preservation is the first
hAv Of fnre was oIJeCted to, as opposed1 to
the letter :md Spirit of christinl roligion, whi(b
ipe lete rahe s ffein a d,if nedbe, -
im: fr its >ake. \C rcefrred to the Coin
mt1Iltee on ilevisas.
This de' not give a true representation of
the natue o!f the pireamle and res,hition:
i. ItndA of at "Seies" thre 'as but o,
10 PIll.
2. Tih,ie ritc O did ne-t "protest against
the :: f Crnce of the civil or other power
With th1L ch re . 1f a . p OteC-Zt aIt al, I t Wa
r*ather a proitest a?liinSt the and/7//t;/-(if
tNat is th word) (f ti:e church on the subjct't
o0 r.-. The r>s:im!on proPcd so to amiend
t h no te to the N l \ r N XI ticle of Religion as
tat w hen the ICu irL.emn ts of the civil powers
C Yit \Vith the teachi:g of the Christin
ripItuire. we sho uld "obey (Jod rather than
2. Nothing i : in the P namAble or Reso
lution about :if ps , &c. In the
remirls 1 de in support of the resolution it
was "i': " hble self- preservation is the first
la,w of nartur w% ith tlhe lower order of animals,
andA taat i-art of our llnture comlmon1 to themi
:- us., vet obedi.,nice, nctive er passive, to
d, i, to moral agents, the first law of
t i. tunt.
ThUs mucnh-to correct what may probaboly
exist-a false inuression, as to the design hal
ii the esolution. The Preamble, resolution
and ren .rk; would occupy too much of your
colu1mns-vet without the whole a nart m
not 'o understondl.
Yours, very truly,
It has often been Said, if we wish to be hap
py we mun st eheCish a Leautiful spirit; andc
It spi it more beautiful than that of love
to 1riml, whielb Tmakes us d unto others
as we would they should do unto us." If we
L ossess a heart to enjoy the pleasures
o ti, ife, let us learn to obey the "golden
Set us larn to think kindly and for
ivi;nly' of, other's falluls, for: ht Us remember
that : ofI us have faults to be forgiven. How
o h .ts siite us wihIe we think of the
we ever treated them as we would
not have had them tre:tt us. Every unkind
werd, eivr ungr'acious look, every ungentlte
aIa 0'conets thrtonginag baesi un 0ou1rr memo
ies ad hat gs around our sorrowful souls,
un'til w Ae wouldi gie world(S dMd we Possess
them, to drink of the fountain of Lethe. We
may wveave grarlamis of flowers and place them
upon thle tombs of the departed ; we n:ay
weepl sorrowmjg andt( repentant tears y yet a!!
this cannot console our retmorseful hearts.
Let us take warning by the bitterness of our
onutoLe but unavailing~ tears over the clad,
and henceforth be moUre faithful to the livi :o4
and inure obedient to the will of' God, who
has tld uts to 'do Unto others as we would
ther s10hU dot unIto u. (dL.
Frma very' interee-ting Newv 0& leans letter
w hhi apipeared in the col ius of the Memcii
thi5 r/,,h. we one05 the foblowng ex
uacts of !ntecrest to ouir r'eaders:
I learn ftruom a general ofieer of tihe "so3
caed" that there are twenity-ei ght doing hus
nes here who wore thle star's arnd wreath.
A mong them at e Genreral I e0nuregarid ; Lieuii
tennt-Gener I Is L'"IIeet, Prte.,ident South
*.'. 4:ea tH I! u.rm af d. 8. Ilood & C .
1oaann \. I'. :--.xard, n'w Ste.sait &
tMrneral~' lan '''t ardner2i, draughitsnou:;
\ r~t ( 1nn ', B. lockner, of firm of
Ir0M ph Wheeler, otf the cavary',
carriges buit''e, &c . ide
al'1.Jef.' 1> hap-sn, the famous"'Ssamp
'-' rie 1 e it t- 11 t.i air a tiel w of ou I
athi' e 1 s 1) 'ilas i.ta i: In- Wouh
ne-,* n * uit up ( th het aticl of ch
1'ho i. th:- m: rktaiM' -ner al ~ - L
14 s1, 'Loiot, co~tt( t o factor s; a li
('"1ed O sicor lct adineresitoing as everl
i-cr-Ge':c:alr-arne,a Urtgg' . f ofa
'nit '1. ocert a: t' conenisio merchn (;eUn -
diir--ene f McNa, o 1r tTOrigdierGe
meiI i; ' gI'ader-t Genra btt-raitids
tr ng, t1heting near te ce ajter' etntn
:c.ol ..thj l ia natneC !n i atn
(7Wf the A mr"n Iud gen:er.)
* Letter From Mexico.
We havc the pleasure of presenting our
readers the following lettgr from an esteemed
felPow-citizem$Col. E'; Sharpe, who is at
present in M*lico.e Ilis views aod comments
un,n the conMition, cimate. soil and advanta
ges of that country, aid tie inducements to
emigrate thithei, will be found interesting.
Tlie -etter was not intendel for publication,
and we have to return thanks to another
friend for tile pleasure of its re-producti )n
ConovA, MI:.X:0, March 16, 1866.
This is the most beautiful country in some
respects, I have ever seen. Our days are
snh as you have In the .month of May; the
nichts are cool, and w, oleep under two or
three bhmnkets e':ec nieit. We have all the
tropical fruits in abumdance; the trees are
all green ind a good many flowers, ald anv
amoIlit of blirds, a(l sieh caroling and si n
ing I never h:ard We h:ive -il Irds of
ve0eth in the n:,rket that I euer saw in
the .h1ri.ton market, and a gr2at manv
nore that I do not kniow-green corn, pens,
bean, "uttuce, radishes, potatoes and toma
toes, &c., and yet jIst bve us, we have a
most beauiful mounain, I1,(( feet above
the sea, w.th its top always white wih l snow.
it is the most beautifl sight I ever saw.
Sugar cane grows from twelve to fifteen feet
high and has only to be planted once in nine
years, and they are grinding it all the year
rund. Cfee grows very finely and pro
duce"s punds to tle tree vt hen foliur yeavs
OiJ. Tobacco grOws wll als; the r!'e is to
plnlt, Corn, and when it is nrret' well grown,
to hmt tobacco between the rows, and when
the tobacco is pretty well grownii andI ready
to ither, ilant corn betw een the irws, thus
maigr three crops durinf the year; the
hind"s are very rich. T i .is tIhe dry season,
ad said to be the warmest weather we have.
TIe we!!s here are alout sixty feet dvel;
there are some running streams hut very few.
We have h:d tu%o or three good showe s
since I have been here, the rainy season will
emmence in May. The lands are exceeding
lv thickly Covered with bushes, vines and
Si nub; it costs five dollars n acre to clear
them. Tihee is a z'-"l deal of stone upon
tI ground; the tim)ber is generaly small,
but in sonm plac' s i. sufliJunt for cross-tie's
for Railroads. The whole country bears ev
id.nec of 1%ziness and ne.-loet, and the coU1n
try- is aI o7clr-wn for the want of work
ther ar he uliis of large hacindas all over
,n dolh r ; these liac*erdas are enltivat
I now il lpt by he natives, who pav the
p ietolr certain rient; they contain fron
one to two thousand acres and can be boughit
fur al ma four dollars pr a re, paying one
fifth '.wn, aw waiting four or five years for
the alme:; iese are considered better than
the ( vernmnet lands. The GovornmeUnt
lands, about 60,000 acres have all been taken
up here, even faster than they can be sur.
veved. There are hindreds of emigrants
oinin r': e cverv day from .1! -States,of tle
ver Ou<t people suine of these are disap
1 oin'tod, whilI others ale delighted and set
t1ing dow,. This is a fixed fact, and a large
an11d SU)e ior colo!N is settLd here now ;
thre wvil be good American society here in
a short tuie.
Carlotta is about eight miles from here; nil
in the bjushi yet ;it wvii be s'ome tirae before
nv one can live there wxithi any~ conmfort.
en. Price anrd Gov. H arris are at this plhace;
they have laid it out and named it in honor of
the'loipress. It is very dmficult to build a
frame house out here, there having been no
saw mills'- one or twro are now being put tip;
every' one seems more anxious to get the r
lad open for cultivation than anything elSe.
The coatry is a vast wilderness and abounds
in ruins of former wealth and grandeur. The
natives live in huts 'onilt of bamboo and cov
ered xwith straw ; the higher class live in
hiuses built of stone and lime, or cement.
SomeC of the Inidiains work well, and you can
hi me them for fifty cenits per da:y, fininmg themli
selves. Th'iey have tihe best staging and wag
010in? here I~ever saw. The Railroad wvill be
here'in abo ut e ihteen :nonths; it is about
tlt een n ie s from h ere. 'Thiis p!a:ce is about
2,50' feet above the sea. 1 went lip to townI
fi tee I n mileCs above Ier ;O it con tailns 2~2,000
illha :bit:1 i s. ninaeteem run: of mill-stones, three
or four ilne floaring mills, and1( a latrge cotton
factory withi I4,'000 spiiulles and M00 looms.
it is ini a valley,aimlidst the mountains,and ooi
if the imost wealthy laces I ever saw. 'The
city has fouirteen fount:ilns spoutimg tip in
eve ry' uarter oft the city, and (1 0coInstallt riun -
n:ng trc:-mi ill thne id~dle of their street, and
te street.s a'"" allnl paxv:1. I would rathm
bylie here tanl any' placee I ever saw if there
was \me: ie society, buit it has but four or
five Aimericain ioni!es. Tis is 4,000) feet
abhove the se-i, :m. has10. all the tropical fruits;
tis is the hm of( 0 fruits :and ilwers. llorse.s
ad cows aire us'ed her"e all the year, eating
nothng bt gra0::. T::kinig all tngther, tids
i the N irn est and U et beautl i ful counItry I
ver s:nr ;o: e canl work (out here w ith ph as
uVe :norilng and eveninig, but hot ill th.e mi-il
die of the (lay ; no0 files or'li musquitoes as I
have seen, and not manny insects or reptiles.
u's. surver\ hias takeni himil inito a very u id
counity, t!i.eeol'r tMa1iy r :; from here,
where he had the t l:r , panltheri and wvolve-s
around their can.p'; they~. were near to a eamp
SLiI-nrais ;.( and were afraiid to fire their go. s
ftrlfe a they would be taken [(r irenchi spies.
We take no p:a in polities, andi tile Libierals
do ikt ohIjct to our comling lie?e; we have
notihad anyx dIi iculty wit anyv of them ; there
are someC r~ob*eries cominilt tedl on the roads
sometiniem. 'There aie p!enty of (leer and
part ridges andIi diih'erenit k ids o fl re her-e.
A~ person~ cn i v e hlere (enit) for thirty-five
Celt- per da '. Iloutel S eba rge om:e dollar and :
ift cents p'er day. If a mni wil wei hiere
hoe olght to make I ,OU0 dellars a year. 1 am11
sure it Canl be dcir.C.
Now, tomr thle objections to the country.
These pele are as meanti as they can be as a
geeral thn,adas laz athey can be.
Nie-tenths of the Ipeole areIndl~ins antd look
like the [mians vwi sec. abtit Penidleton.
oui have to ilearn tlle language of the cotin'
tr. Youi can have no) as1ialtilns with the
uatY-O: th ir relim dues n"t suit us. Ye
iemii of the in-4tilily of till Govxernmenm, bet
I do not fear mu ch that account, fur let
wat oW'''' it there muay me, with anl
.\micia oIl )ony, we wiil be Cole to nave a
ve in:tinence( and COn protiet our1ives.0 I
ami u ou n i n t tWre will lhe one th iusaind
r mi;es hcr before eishiteca monthms. Mlany
persons are disappointed because their pre
conceived notions are not fulfilled. I expect
ed to see largcand extensive valleys, such as
we lve in !he states, with large and finely
cultivated fields, but these is nothing of the
kird-the country is table land, as level as
any one would desire, but only opened and
cultivated in patches ; a great deal of stone on
the land but not enough to interfere with
Tle Death Sentence of Probst, the Yur.
On Tie(1av, in the Court of Oyer and Ter
miner, in Philadelphia-Judges Allison, Did
1OW, andG Pierce 01 the hench-when Probst,
the mutirderer of the Deering family, was -r
r'lignd for se ntencc, his counsl moved an -
rest Of julgient and a new trial, on certain
echicAl .lrounds. The aI n, ho% ever,
wns overreled, and Judge Allison, in the pre
S Of a crowded court-room, and amid pro
found si!ence, proceeled to pronounce the
sentence of death. Addressingt the prisoner,
th al'e remarked:
By none other but by legal evidence, not in
the lestt degree by your own confession, but
bv evide'ce from which there was no escape,
n;io-t clsCL1SiVe ill its charate_, you have
been foznd nitd of the conizission of one of
the moSt a p alling crimes of which the rccor!.s
of' e:l : ri:ree rnnke any mnen:ion.
A fclon!y of murder Inparalleled your heart
conceiVel and your hands extcuted ; in Plan
mes'~;~. t neeniv in minuteness of cetail
neqal1; 4in ex%ecution re:etles, brutal,
savo:e beondl( precetlent.
A hushaid and a father, returnin: to his
home, in all the strength and glory ofl hs man
hood ; a wife and mother, toiling for the little,
loved wr.0s, whom God had given to her-toil
inz at her domestic altar-her humble fire
S!le ;a companion of your daily labor, who
with you shared your bed ; who almost slept
in your arms ; at peace with you ; the very
b cath of w hose life you breathed ; your
fourth Victim, an inoflensive visitor. whose
sex Vold have not in vain appealed to your
'ompassion, if compassion you possess, had
y,i but thought of the mother who gave you
hirth. And four helplers children of these
slaugh.tere( parents ; four little ones who had
never donc vou harn ; of three of these, in
innocent anl happy chiildhood, you had been
the dai',v witiness ; liktced to their vounf aid
mlerry VOces, and perli:ips hre had them
lay in con(idence anrd trust about vou ; amd
Ic arto, a :inig, telnac, gelu Licaue, wHO
had not Vet learned to lisp your name, or to
know you as a stranger in that househcid
whose tiny, bloody girment, broughit here
by other hands, bore testimony mot crushinrig
against the monster, in the shape of man, who
cut an1d hbacked its young life away.
Of ill who gathere 1 beneath the humble
roof of Chri.topher Decrinr, but cne rem in
a little lonely, solitary bf-y, saved not by
your mercv, for mercy you had none, but by
ain interposing Providence protected from your
iurdrls aria and uplifted axe, with which
you sought to kill therm all. All these you
performed alone, or aided by another, iti mat
ters nv't which, so far as the legal and moral
Suilt of all these murders committed by you
is concerncd ; and much more that human
eye hath not Ceen you didl with malic incr
Almost without tr.ative you went at your
Iwork self-imposed, and eight innocenit victhms
you slew ; not suddenly, niot in a temipest of
resistle passion, but in the coolness of a pre
meditated design-one by one, at intervals,
withi solemn ptause ; with calm deliberation,
and wxith a cuencrhles: thirst for blood, you
ca-ed not u'u til all that you set out to do was
fully' ended, and you found yourself alone
with the dead. Your triumph was then corn
Tfhiis is but a poor picture of your werk:
and of this I here remind you, that you may
even now, at this dread hour for you, realize,
if it indeed be possible for you to do so, the
enorm v of &our deeds of blood, and before
Gmod seek for pardon for your crime. No one
may limit his power to forgive, but you can
find melr cy oinly iln redeeming love. Men can
not, w ill not, dare not pass by unavenged a
crime so fearful as to be almost nameless.
Society demands prosecution and violated law
vinadie-ition. But the Omnipotent God ha'h
said,~ Whnosoever will, let him comne."~ To
lk i ismre 1 comimend you.
But w~hat von have to do, do speedily ; for
the ighlt of death casts its shadows already
around' yon. The aven;er of blood has ful -
lowed~ siel ily after vou', and in the dlark ness
of the i ht the ini. siible finger of the Al
ihty pointed y-ou Gut to you:r pursuer3, an :1
j u tiee now claimus yo u as its owna. And that
whiebh it requires to be done shall not long~ be
eled You had y-our s cess iin the execu
trinof y our fell pur"pose. llut it (lemnands its
tinmp now, in the detection, e .p osure. con
v ict i mo andI p romtes t ar d neveCrest pish
merit of the cii m iial, w ho has deiit-d ailike the
laws of God and:. man, and ou traiged all the
nobh- ripathies of h is naturne.
It only rermains for mel to pass on you the
judgnLent of the law, which is that you (here
the fr juIgr rose, and4 :aid a brcatlhb:s
sic!nce 'conicluded the sentncL Anitoini
t'robet, the pri.-oner at the bar, be taken from~
thence to the jail of tie enunty' of Philadel
pii:, from whience you camne, amd fiomi thenIce
to the [phoe of exce'utionf, andi that you there
be hanr&d by the neck until you are (lead.
An 1tmay 1:bod have mer-cy on yt,.r soul!
.Judcee Arihi's remarks were dleliveredl
wi thl nmeh emrphasis, andr ini avery impjresi ye
min ner, anid amid tihe most profornd il Sene,
notw bs~ tauringr the crowded condition. of thre
'lhe prirsoner stood erect, and kept his eyes
fixed on the Jutdge. le (lid rnot more a mnrlsele
duini, the enltire timeC of tihe dTlivery of tie
sentencee, and at its close (Lnietly te A :
Dheet!v after thle sentence he was a5ked by
Mr. f!:en, the (1ort i terpreteor, n hiethier lit
Iu nderstood the sentenlce. Priob,.t repheid, "I
hnl1rto(lal te .Judge saidl, hit hie lid ot
sayv whein ! was god to be hun1g. 'io
(,mor1t. &ann s te dar.] The remrovail
rbtie the part of the inn' :n-c OlllLitiil
:serle on0 Sixth-s'treet, and as tire van
ii,' \*a*blir* oif' to tihe plrison, fulowed by a
btdy 'f ei tcemien on tie ruin, thre groans andi
hi-e- ue re at their heig':t.
islrrig Uii tuium'ua.
The followin.g well written letter, addressed
by General Wade Hampton to the iIon. Rev
erdy Johnson, in relation to the burning of
Columbia, South Carolina, was read by the
latter in the Senate on Thursday:
April 21, 186C..
To the Ion. Rever .77n1 , iiited States
Senate :
Smn: A few davs 1go, I saw in the published
proceedings of Congress that a petition from
Ier.jamin Raws, of C ol um1bia, S. C., asking
comnensation for the destruction of his home
by t,e Je01era! army in February, 1865, had
been presented to the Senatc, accompanied by
a letter from M:jor-General Shcrman. In this
leti r General Sherman used the fullowing lan
"They," the citizens of Columbia, "set fire
to thousands of bales of cotton rolLd out into
the streets, and which were burning whn, I
entered Columbia. I myself :azs ill tle City
as earl as 9 o'clock, and saw these fires, and
knew that efforts had been made to extinguish
them, but a high and stormy n ind kept them
aivc. I gave no orders for the burning or
your city, but, on the contrary, the reverse,
and I believe the conflagration resulted fron
the great imprudence of cutting the co*ton
ales, whereby the contents we.e spread to
the winds, so that it became an impossibility
to arrest the fire.
"1 saw in your Columbia newspapers the
printed orders of General Wade Hlamptp,
that on the approach of the Yankee army aPl
the cetton should be birned, and, from what
I saw myself, I have no hesitation in saying
that he wa; the caue- of the destruction of
your city.'
This grave change made against me by Gen.
S , having been brought before the Senate of
the United States, I am naturally most solicilv.
ous to vindicate myself before the same t,-b,
nal. But my State has no representative in
that c;ty. Those v, 3o should be there are de
barred the right of entrance. In those halls,
there are none to speak for the South-none
to participate in the legislation whicb governs
her-none to impose the taxes she calleuI
on to ay-and none to defend her or to vindi
cate her sons from misrepresentat:on, injus
ti-e or slander. Under theae circutltances,
I appeal to you, in the collilent hope that
done in this matter.
I deny most emphatie:dly that any cotLop
was fired in Columbia by mny order-! deny
that her citi.zens set fire~tc thousands of bales
rolled out into the streets-I deny that any
cotton was fired when thI Federal troops en
tered tie city. And I mo: respectfilly ask
of Congrcss to appoint a committee charged
wth the duty of ascertai.ing and reporting
all the facts connected with the destruction of
Columbia, and thus fixing upon the proper
author of that enorminous crime the infamy
that he deserves.c
I am wilh . t case to any hor
est tribunal. ~efore any such, I pledge my
self to prove mY positive order, by direct:i
of Cencral Beaure~ard, that no cotton shoula
be fired-that not one bale was on fire whea
Sherman's troops took possession of the city
that he positively promised protection to the
city-and that, in spite of this solemn promise
his soldiers burned it to the ground deliber
ately, systemiaticnlly, atrocionsiy. I, there
fore, mnbst er.rnestly request that Congress
i.av take prompt and efficient measures to.Ir:
ves~tigate this matter fully. Not onily is th:s
due to themselves and the United States army,
but to justice and truth.
Trusting t'eat you will pardon me for troub
ling you, I am. &.
At the Court cf General Sessions, Charlee
ton, the following sentences were pronc'unted:
Thos. Cook and~ wife IIannah Cook, con
victed of larceny and sentenced-the former
20 fine, 8 months imprisonment and 10.
stripes. The latter fined $100 and to receive
1 stipe.
The routh's, Rantin, Smith and Wether
horn. against whom a jury had rendered the
vrdict of guilty with a recomnmendat:on to
mercy, were th~en cal1ef np to !earn theie
doom. Althou.:h the Judge intimated that
there was a hope that the (lem(ency of the
Executive won!d be exerci5ed in their behalf,
yet lhe urged upon thiem to lace no undue
reliance on this possibi!ity, and so to disfo. e
their murne that if their l'ves were to be rpare{1
their eendu!ct would be re trmed, and if the-r
hopes shiouldU prove r!elusivye, thait they would
be prepared to meet their end. The sentence
of the law was, that they be carried to the
lace from whence they came, and there kepti
'n ca cutody until Friday, the 4th day. o:
,Jly' next, when, between lie hours of ten in
theor eroon and tw.o in the afternoon, they
we to be hung by the neck until they were
I ntil this moment the boys seemid Eat to
app eiate the consequences of their crime;
but when thi .awful doom was pronounced,
te'y e:li'>i ted, by their bitter anguish, a ke&n
ne lzation of their perilous posit ion.
WVilliam lii~h fi e!d. convicted of the crime
of rape tipon a ch'id of six yeaLrs, n~as sen
tenced to be kept in saufe cus-tody until June
20th, when he be hung byv the neck until he
be dead.
~o.mas IN ON: IPA.\n.um.-The follow
fi ininitable hit is irresistable in argument
is it is in hiumuor. We gaote from the Char
lttes'ile (/,,ni"le: "It~ sems to us as
hard to get in the Un;io;n as it is to get out.
Tie South respectfolly asks to move one way
:r the otner. We are like thre M!o:w who was
ored to go to the show, and then not allowen
to Lro anv fuirthier than where he0 had paid for
or his ticket. We have been dragged intro
the dor.'av of the Federal tent, and not al
lowed to see anyv of the perforrmxycaex0cept
to settle wI hi the t x. c CleLOr. i. e can hear
ie annals gr iwlingins n ha h
rack of the ring most er's whip, but~ we can' t
ee the Thow uin~le.s we jay for two and take
i a coo ladyK. Andi thxe worst of it is,
rer keep a great e:; le perched over thre en
:raie, whichu, if youl atoemp: to go back,
woo)p5 down upo you~ SOnd 1wks a hole ire
your head. Wet jIsy think: ti, is unrcas -
li ; the ough0i2tt ei thert to t Ii pass m, or. 1
'c-m1nif th n)oy nd t o u the e:mls.'

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