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ItbI~ I!(Vl loe7~ ~
-It pv Yja Ril Of
P H FOR THE. DISSEMINATION OF USEFUL INTELLIGENCE.
SWEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 6, 1869
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _N O . 39 .
T H E HERA L D
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING,
* '~At Noe*berry 0. i.,
OB , . i . H. GRENEX1
IiAltori8 and Proprietors.
- TICR18, 68 PEnANNUM, IN CURRENCY
ymaitrequired Invariably in advance.
M atein oti , tlt neral invitations, ObitN
te qu Coninignictis onuboodrving pri#tte
Inte 4rO.q!inj(edas nvAsmns
" LA' .ve Story.
kle steoggledto kiss her-sho struggled the
To prvent lim, so bold and undaunted
)But as sinietp with lightning. lie beard her
11A:va'un air," and of' he avaunted.
nt *hen he returned with a itidislh
,howing clearly that lie was affronted,
And thr&atined by inait Nmo to carry her
Bhe crled "bont," and the poor fellow
Tlifn ao in'eekly apDroached and got down
VrayInq lond, as before ie had ranted;
Th lio would forgive, and try to be
Aiid'esat '"Can't you,"-the dear girl re
Then softly he whispered: "1ow can you
jra jiyly Lito'tght I was jilted ;"
U mq, th'on witli me-to the parson
"?iy, wilt thou my dear," And she wilt
Then gaily he took her to see her new
A'shauity by no meAns enchanted;
"See, here we can live with no longing to
lie said ''sin't we my dear," so they
MY" FIRST IVORCE CASE,
(JO*t T1r "cI1,1NEY CORNER."
T wav;s not over-sutpplied with
eoliptq during my first yoar'si prac
Cco as counselor at law, and not
W.ing one of those fortunate indi
viduals, those lusi naturw who are
unid to make their first appearanco
withA Silver spoon in thoi r Inonth,
1'vas not a little pleased when
one idle day my wealthy friend
Stillingfleot called at my ollice,
and'anniounced that he nooded my
immediate prolessionail services.
However, ovinoing no sign of
my inward satisfiaction, I bid him
boseated, assumed a professional
air, and said:
"What can I do for you ?"
"Hawthorno," ho answored,
w3j2eInotod his troubled, oven
wd lod,c "I wish yot to obtain
my divorce from Mrs. Stillingflect
without pno moment's unnecessary
''JHad the President of the United
Sthtes entered my oflco and ten
dere4 gno the Treasuryship, I
couldhot; have boon more astound
"Opening his pocket-book, he
handed me a letter, saying calmly,
although. With the utmost exor
tion to appear comp)osed:
"You, of' course, noodt evidence;
read thik letter, accidentally intor
cepted by:mo. Unhappily, I have
but too much reason to believe
that itflmore than wvarrants any
legal steps you may take at prs
ent. I will see you again to..moer
rowv;. for the present, good by."
B3utshis. pride gave way as I,
his 0o(1 friend, took his offer'ed
hand, lie sat (down on a chair,
irnd lay his head on'- the desk,
eg>eds and cried like a child. As
Abbfras 'he -was suflloion tly comn
-poped(l lasked.bhim where he was
go bhome, you may be suroe; I
)havq.no homo inow."
After some persuasion, I made
hIlg;romiso to go to my bachelor
homen, wh Ithe i I would follow him
soas business hours would
,Loft alone with this strong link
in'the chain of evidence-this let
tot which had brokcon one of' the
best hearts in the norld, I asked
mnynolf,- "Can it be possible that so
young,/do beautiful and t)aaenlt
Itso devotod a wvife, could have
t ltaf.irrevocably disgraced her
I1 looked at the letter with an
unii1t lbeating at the heart; I
,veUId have given much that it
had not fallen to my lot to open
it; but it was to be done. It was
a beaiitifbily scented and tiny
spIst,o, apd ran as followvs:
' ARLING GERITRUDE--YOu1r let
1 du1i,tld have been more accep.
Sad It contained better news
iof:myo,Ohario. Do you really
think ho Mourns for me ? I would
hao hiia heore, but, alas I he migh t
be discovered, and Frederick who
s pass5iont,trhigh shoot him.
The last tin.d,w4s 1lhoro; I al
most feaved, a;dipcry. Yet I
long to have, him With mno agall)
and as So011 as I jcIow. that red
will be away for a fow ddys, hbo
call .com up. .But remember, you
11111st keop this secret, or you may
gposs the consequonos to me."
Thou followed other abd unim
So it was true I This Charlie
Fearon, this Judas, who had pro
tended the closest friendship for
poor Fred, had wrought his wifo's
"Devil I" I exclaimed, as I paced.
my office inl a fOver, "a bullet
would be t66 good for ybu."
Ypt,:damning as this evidence
appe*ared) it was not legally con
elusive. I cou.ld not believe that
this fair and gentle wife could
havo. bben guilty of more than
indiscretion. She had marriod, it
is true, more to please her parents
than for any strong love she bore
her husband, yet I had every rca
son to beliove that she had learned
to love Stillingflet-an excellent,
tholuh impetuous man-oxceed
ingy, if not passionately.
Yet again, woman is onigmati
cal, and I was sorely puzzled ; but,
giving Mrs. Stillingfloot the bene
fit of the doubt, I detormined,
however unprofessional it might
appear, to visit the lady to whom
this letter had bten addressed,
and to discover if she could, indeed,
be party to so disgraceful an in
trigue. Being intimately aequaint
od with the lady, I sholid find the
task less difficult than if' she had
been unknown to me.
On my way to S--, an hour
by rail From the city, I thought
over and matured my plans.
I was received with cvident
pleasure, and we' chatted fbr, a
short time on fatmily matters.
Presently she inquired:
"How are the Stillingfleets ?"
41i;1, I believe. Mr. Stilling.
fict is away from home, and will
be absent for some days," I an
"Indood," said G Ortmude. "Poor
Grace she will be lonely. I must
take this opportunity to visit her.
Will you stay and take dinner
I thalked her, but stated that I
must go oif by the next trall).
"Then you will, at least, take a
glass of wine."
And suiting the action to the
word, she entered the next room,
leaving the door partially open. I
was looking over an album during
hor absence, when I heard, to my
surprise, Charlie Fearon's voice
not distinctly, but I could have
sworn it was his. I listened. Si
lence ensued for a few seconds,
when I heard Gertrude, say, in a
"At last, Charlie, you shall make
a stolen visit to your Grace."
And then followed most unmis
takably the sound of a kiss.
"Infmous young woman I" I
muttered, "Not only lost to a sense
of' shame horself, but she endleav
ers to entrap) another'l"
When she returned, it was with
difliculty that I swallowed down
the wilne ; then bidding heri a ha sty
adieu 1 hurried off to meet the
'Ihis Charlie Fearon, a wealthy,
handsome, but indolent young
man, was the pet of the ladies, but
I had never, until now, believed
him to be one of those scoundrels,
whio make business for the divorce
My next move wvas to .3al1 on
Mrs. Stillingfleet, anid inform her
that bor husband would be away
for a few (lays.
She appeared grieved at the in
telligence, but sho answored that
she suppose05d it wvas necessary, and
that sitch abseonco was tihe com1
mon lot of wives.
She looked very beautiful and
very innocent in her ologaint mnorn
ing attire; but I was too much a
man of' thle world to be deceived
by a womnan's manner, and as I
returned home, I almost dreaded
to meet Stillingfloet, lest lie should
read ini miy 1f. ' the almost oin.
vietion that had f'or'ed itself on
my mind1(, that thero was some
Poor Stilling float I I had envie(d
him once, but nIow pity took the
p)lace Ofeonvy. It was a cruel blow.
Hlower, I told him that I was
investigating theo niatter, and in
spite of my doubts, encouraged
him at last to Ihopoe. At twelve
o'clock the following day I die.
patched a messenger with a letter
to Gertrude, bidding him walt an
As I had expeted; he brought
me a word that she hftd left by an
oarh * train for' thle nity.
6ow." said( 1 ta Stillingint,
"you must rotirn unexpectodly.
I will accompany you. If your
wito be rohIly guilty, thei'e will be
visible signe of agitation, and an
attempt will be mado to conceal
this follow Farop. You bove al:
ready promised me that you will
in any case forego a divorce, and
1rrange a separation; thereifre,
the stop we are about to tako is, I
am convincod, the wisest.
Ie had promised to con trol him
solf, and I knew that he would do
so. Using his latch-key, wo on
tored the house, but not boforo we
had boon porcoived . by Gertrude.
Without appearing in undue hastc,
we opened the parlor-door. and as
we did so, wo saw that of an ad
joining close, and I heard Mrs.
Stillingflectsy: "Ch arli, we tre
discovered at last I"
Poor Stillingfloot heard hor also,
and as his wife approached him,
ho seized her by the arm with one
hand, and, pointing to the oppo.
site door with the other, exclaimed,
while his face was whito with
"You are too late, madame l
Whom are you concealing in that
I shall never forgot the momen.
tary look of horror on that sweet
face, nor the delicious littlo laugh
that followed it, as she exclaimed:
"You daring old goose I"
At thd same moment Gortrudo
opened the awful door, and, say
ing, "Behold the culprit I Charlio,
come forth I" exhibited to our as
tonished gazo, a beautiful littlo
dog-a voritable "King Charles."
"Thanik God I" exclaimed Stil
lingfiet, as he pressed his dear
little wife to his heart; "I was a
bruto to doubt you I"
It was nov necessary to explain
all to the ladies. How thankful
were all parties concerned that I
had not been precipitate I
I was now informed that Stil
lingfleot, having been bitten by a
(log when a boy, had always
evinced a mortal aversion to the
canino raco. Grace had, there
fore, during hor ongagement, on
trusted her little pot, the gift of
an absent brother, to the tender
mercies of Gertrudo, and was only
awaitiig tho tiic when she could
overcomo her husband's prejudico
to have him wvith her. 1e1ce the1
If I had not commenced to pros
per from that time, I believo Stil
lingflect wouhl have gone to law
with his tailor or grocer rather
than to allow me to be without a
client, so rejoiced was lo at my
friendly handling of my first di
A Sad Tale.
The World publishes the follow
ing from a lady. and seems to
vouch the truth of its statement:C
That Mrs. Sickles was lovely in
person, simple and childlike in
character, all admit. Such char
actors are not easily dograded.
Were she the degraded creature 1
hIe has 1l(1 the world to believe, I
her sensibilities wvould not have
remained so acute that site died
in less tihan two years of a broken
She was weak and cowardly, I
ad mit. Alas I these defects -would
have made her sacred in the eyes 1
of a manly man, and he would
have (lone his utmost to shield herC
Lot me depict the few last
hora in the life of this injuredJ
Stung, it may be, by an irro-3
sponsible feeling of remorse, he3
proet,euds in the eyes of the wvorld I
to have restored her to favor. IC
will not dliscuss the p>ropriety, of
this kind of elop-stock sentiment.
I speak of the fact.
She was placed in a handsome
house, with the ordinary appliances
of wealth. Of the secret history I
of the two at this t,ime nothing
need be said. She was ruined in I
character, broken in health, ut
terly lost to the world as only a
woman can be lost--left without I
1h01e, without society and wvithout I
symp)athy, except from the few I
whovwro related to hinor, and who
loved and pitiedl her. She had long
intervals of nervous prostration,
when she would lio for hours likeC
a (lying person. She sat (lay after
day, head leaning up~on her wasted I
hand, and even listless, seeing and
caring for little in a world whose r
sunshine f,o her had been so dlarkly
eclipsed. She sig hed faintly, but
said little or nothing. She was a e
sad wreck. She knew she was a
dying, and expressed no thou ght i
or interest in anything but her1y
One day she turned suddenly to v
a young friend and asked: "D)o
you think mn a uiliy woman ?" I
and without waiting for an an
swer, she went on, "I wish to
Bspek now whilo I can. I was so
s hooked and terriflod at that hor
rible time that I did not know
w1kat I said. But I am not guilty
ofany sin. Mr. Sickloe was violent
-I was afraid ofhimn-ho brought
mne aI papor, which ho said I must
sign-ho said ho should bo huiing if
I did not sign it. I novor road ono
word of that papor; I did not
know ono word written in it. I
put my namo whore lie told me,
and to savo his life."
She was sinking rapidly, and was
carried to her bed from a long
fiinting turn. As sho opened hor
eyes, roviving slowly, they fell up
on the face of Daniol B. Sickles, ]
painted and framod, hanging be
ore her. Lifting her pale hand,
sh said :
"Take it away."
Those about hor remonstrated: I
but the second and third timo sh0
murmured, "Take it away."
Tho picturo was romoved. . "Now
place my daughter's face there,"
she said, with a sad smilo. This
wvas doo, and sho gazed with a
longing, wistful look upon the
young face, and sighed heavily.
rho poor weary eyes closed, an(d
ihe was gono to Him unto whom
is opOn the socrots of tho heart.
ONE WHO KNOws.
Our Great Men are Rapidly
Wo will remember going into
.he Senato*Chamber in the summer
)f 1850, an'd there socing tho dis
linguished mon of the I a n d.
Thero was Seward on the extremo
Whig right, to his left sat Clay,
Uwo seats further on Berrien;
)vor there was tho Senator from
Iissouri, Benton. Cass was there,
Imd Jeff. Davis, Sam. 1Iouston,
Rusk, Pearce, Dayton, Badger,
3ou1lo, Butler, Ewinit, Clemens,
Bell, 11angui, W. R. King, Ph1el8ps,
md Hunter. Webstor had just
]jiitted the Senato to take the post
>f Secretary of' State, and Crit
endIen was in retirement. Sew~ard<
s now advanced in years, iunter I
nay survivo for sone timo to
ome, Jeff. Davis is abroad, where
le will Iobably (lie, Soulo is a I
unatic, su1pposed to have hneCome
io because of the effects plo)dlced I
>y the war, whilo Badger's pOWer-<
'ul intellect has -been for years
,louded. Ewing still livOs, though I
ds influcuco is gono. The others
itive left us to render anl account
)f their st.ewardshipl beforo the I
Isternal. Among this bright gal. i
kxy, there wero few greater in- i
,ellects thanl Bell. Ire was a man 1
)f conservativo tenlencies, of clear I
Inderstanding anl p r o fo u n d I
,hought. Besides, his charater
vas spotless. 11.i )eOrs werefow,
nded. And while on this point, I
t may be safely said that there is
lot a man in the Senate house to
lay of ability equal to either of I
,0 distinguished names we havo i
non tioned. Fessendon was the
>rightest light of' the present I
~enato, and2( ho is gone. T1heo
fiagnsus Apollo is Sumner, who is
~s unlike the great Senators ofr
wontby years ago, as a peacock isr
mlike an eagle, lie makesa show
f1 words, a seemingly fine p)arado;
mut there is nothing lofty, grand,
>r comprehensive in his minid or (
haractcr.--New York News.
AOR AND) Wi N.--Whatever t
'ou try to (10 in life, try with all
,7our heart to do well ; wvhatever'
you (devote yourself to, devote ~
'ourself to completely ; in groat y
Limns and small be tho)roughly in e
menzest,. Never believe itpossible 'j
hat any natur ial or imp lroved(
Ibility can claim immunity from
be companionship of the steadyI
>lain hard working qualit,ies andl
mope to gain its end(. There is
mo such thing as such fulfillment ~
mf this earth. Somoe happy talent
md( somec fortunante opplortumnity, ,
nay form the twvo sides of the p
addor01 0on which somne men mount, c
)It the r'ounds of' that ladder must
>o made(1 of' stuff' to standI wear
Lnd tear' ; andl there is 1no .such
uibstituto for thorough going, ar
lent and sincoroe earnestnoss.~
'over put one hand to anything
mn wich you can throw your
vholo self, nover' afict dopr'ocia
ion of youri wvork, whatever it is.
Lhoe you will find to be golden
A few months ago, an engineer
fan express train on the Penn.. o
ylvania Central railroad, going "
rest dliscoverod an engine ap- fI
roaching him at such a rate of d
p0o(d that he was at onee eon.. t
inced that it was without an en. fi
inoor, Hb instantly whistled his
raken. at. the namn time send.n I.
1Ils flroman back to uncouplo his
"tondor" from the train, while ho
it the sanme timilo uncoupled Is
boso and englino, and opouin; Ils
throttle w Ade, wi lia rod lag
umlped on his. toldor. 110 just
lookod back aid saw his train
1carly stopped, a1nd on dlished tho
two engines toward each other
ik very demoni. Ho bioko up
yontly o his tender, and finally
3toppod it, and ill broathlolss si.
clnco watched for the collision.
'ho onglines caie toget.her, throw
mach other clear off tho track, anild
minashed all to piccos. Ho left his
Lender, and with his flag ran on to
noet the express going Cast. It
Aoing two miuites behind time,
:1o hadjust time to "1flag it anld
t Wits brought to a Stop within a
ow feot of t110 Wrecked 01)gilleg,
md a terrible accidonlt was avoid.
.d. For this heroic act the com
any presonted him with a check
or $1,000. Cannot, ellgincorn on
iomio of our other trunk lites tako
L lesson from this ?
The Earthquakes in Peru.
FowrY SuOCKS IN ONE DAy.
South American advicOs report
ho recutrrence of' earthquakes in
oru and clsowher,. in Aica
here WCro 11o loss I han fCorty oarth
lkos oil tho 19th of .August, nl
nor or less strong, and tile people,
lireading another sea inundation,
Vore desOrtinlg tho place, taking
'fugo in Taena and elsewm-hor.
Iln i lquiquo a stiong shoek vas lolt.
marly in the morning of' the 15ut,
au111sing the inlhabit ants to forsake
lheiri bed'i and 1ly towards tile stir
*ounding pallpas. ISimili repots
>f moreilents of' the carth aro re
.cived from Tacna and Arequipa.
[ni tho litto' )IIIC at great religioUs
nrOcSioln waXs held on the 13th
listailt, inl commom1011rationl ot the(
lisaster of last yoar. A letter
lated at 1qique, August 20,
Jt is now 10.55 P. M as I write
r'ou, an1d I aml inteorrupted by ani
'art hquake of log (li ation, and
>' such forc that all the people
Iavo considered it prildeit to
>ico themll-Selves ill realdilness in
he streets, and a very large pot'
ionl, particilarly of' tho tonder.
lex, ate fleeing to the hillsides for
)etter security of' their liveR, eX
haiming als they hur1ry along,
'M isoricordia, Miscricoldia, Be
The first, and I believo the
trongest hock, histOd for abouit
wo minutes, and five mnilnutes Ia
mr was followed by another, near
y equal in f)reo and duration
f0r tils there were several repe
itions it intervals of' ahoutt half'
In hour till 3 A. M., at, wvhich holtr
'0111' COrrspondont botook him
elf to bed. This oarthquake
otibl, I believe, beari. a closer re
emblance to thaLt of' tho 13th of'
Sugust, 1868, than any other that
Ills taken placo since. I assuro'e
oil the sitiation, Ihowever novel and
,xcitingC it may13 aippear' to somo0, 11s
at' fr'omiCI ovible ; imtaginli a pop
lation of' some1 three thiousaml( to
voL thioiuandI souls with the expe
ioce of last yeari freshi in their
isordIerly th rough the strooets
L'aring momentarily(i to!) bC o horne
f to etecrnity by ai sudden01 ingress5
C the seat. Hiero (as at pr'esent
hi the houtses arie of wood,) the
hief (langer to bo atppr'oho 01 d 11is
hat fr'om the sea.
While Furguson's Mississippi
ns, (anid ai rauro lot they wero)
'ore passin g t ihrogh Uniioniville,
onth CJarolinta, enronto for tho
'ar River coun11try, they passed,
it windCing through the str'oots of'
ho village, the dIwohing of' that
08spitablo) gen tlomiian, thast pure
atriot, thatt learn'jed lawyer~i, and
istinguishedl J udge is said, with
I, to tihe finest looking man11 iln
he State. Butt hlospit ality, nor1
)arnin)g, patriiotism1 nor1 wi lty' of'
crs of' to "boys in grey" The
idge stood1 in the porch of' his
loganhit maniHon) surround111(ed by a
r'owd of' lady fiend~s. A cadav~e
011s swIampore1 fr:om the junglos
I' the Yazoo swamhips cried out.
"Ain't you ashamed old1 man
rith y'ouri white hair31, to be spark
ig young gals inl public ?"
A billions specimen of chills and
tvor shouted "that gal with tho
od head is mfineC."
Another yeOlledh, "that blue-eyed
no is the gal foi' me."9 A four thI
curle.y head belongs to me." A
fLt stopped and staring at the
ignifiedJ Judge, said, "Bill, an't
at old follow got a round, pooty
ioo lke a diorg."
The Judge reiren, 801 idth
Why do Bees Swarm?
At. the recent Michigan Boo
Kooper's Convention, this subject
was discussed. Mr. Otis is repor
ed as saying: Tho strongest in
stinct God has given to tho honoy
beo is tho love f1or storing honey.
This itistinct is so strong that sio
will rolmovo the young larve fIrom
its cells ainl destroy it, that she
may mako room for the gathered
honey. But she does not thus do.
stroy the brood iloss crowded
f1o rom by il linsuspected rich
harvOst for honey. ,It is to guard
against the destruction of' the
brood, tihe queen-cmlis are suinted
preparatory to swarming which
takes place as soon as one or
more is Soiule(I over.
The Creator has implanted in
the queen-beo such unparalleled
hatried toward a rival that but one
normal quieln is periitted to livo
in a family of' bees. This hatred
is o strongly developed that she
will mako (livers attempts to (o
stroy a rival whilo yet in the coll.
But the worker bees keep the
cells guarded, which so exasper
ates the oli. queen by the ime
one or more is scaled, that she
rulshes from the hive to find a new
home, being acompanied by the
mijority of' the colony. These
are, tieroI1or, the rosolns why
bees swarm: 1At. The want of
combs to hold lhoney. 2d. To save
the (lestruction of' tihe brood.
i3ti. Tihe hatred betwen rival
Dr. conikling said his hoes did
not always wait until they had
sealed queencells. T wo years ago
h.o had openied a hIivo of' boos as
sooin as the swarm had left, nm
lie not, only foun(1 no queen, but
not even tihe signs of any being
Mr. Baldriidge said ho uin(lor
Stoo( Mr. Otis to 11ssuim0 that bees
(1o not swarm11 till the hive is Full
of' conb, and the comb is fiuill of'
brood and stores'; and not then,
even, un]loss there is ono or more
cells seanle(. His (B.'s) bees swamI
sometimes when Lhe cavity is not
more ihani two-thirds 1'u1ll. lie
thinlks it is nalural at ti le proper
seaSOn, For bees to ,iwarm. As a
riulk tho cavity will be full, the
coinbs wvell tuppliil wil brool
an 0 stores, mne or more queen
cells sealed, and tile flowers So.
croflng honey rapidIly wheni the
Mr. Al.ooll also assorted tit his
L'ees swarm when the cavity is
only part full. They also 8Warm1111
whe ii hey havo no (Iueoen-valIls
st ia1'tel; ( lie cause is excessive hont.
Boes will swarim at. crtsain sea
sons ofI lie year, when ther1.' is no
ppairent vanuso : il tle hoeiy s -
sonl it. is 1Intuil for' bees to swarm
as for tI.o sun to rise, Or the tiL
to flo w.-Iary/an d /'armer*.
-low to Oil a Harness.
First, subject, the harness to
one1 01' t.wo( (coats (as thle leathier
may nooed) of Inampblack and ens.
toi' oil, warmed sullicien tly to
makIle it. ponictr'ato thle sitoak rendi
ly. Then make about two quarts
of wai'm soap sud(a, nnd wit h a
spungei~ wash thie hiariiss. When
d iry, ruib it over' w'ith a mixtiure of'
oil and1( tiallow (equal parts) with
sillceont lamplblack to( give it
solor' 01' whlat is bett er, Prussian
bliie-w hichi gives it a now and
Pro'sh hook. This cornpoiund shiould
be0 ap)pliod Hpainigly, and1( bo0 well
'ubbedl in, whiech cnn lbe quiickly
lone, anud will leave a smiooth and
dalcan sou'fhco. Thlio ad vantages of
Linsi proceJss are.
1. JBy saturuatinig t ho stock in
Lhe first place withI oil, the soap1
md wa'*ter ar'o pr'ovenited from
)onoetrating it in the proeess of'
vnshing. Wh len leather is por
n ittod to absorb wmal er or sony, it
ias ain ultimate tenidoey to liar
2. Wheon tho hai'ness is washed
rii't, (as is gonerally the ease,)
ho wvateri repols the oil ; conso
vuontIly ini the one case you have
the oil in t ih insidlo of the stock,
md( i the ot her you have the
ioap) and water-.
3. Biy oiling first it softens f.ho
lirmt, so thiat it, can bo wasl h off'
ii at least, on1 half of' the f.imno re
'Juiirdl when washing beforo oil
nig, anld also saves the scr'aping
priocess, which defaces thie grain
>f the leather.
4. It will i'emain soft muclh lon
oer fr'om the feet of i-ts being pen
>trafted( with oil.
5. Tlhie whole process can be ac.
30mp)ilihed without tho dolay of
waiting for' It to driy.
Clonseoquently the harness can
so oiled and cleaned in a much
ess t.ime-will remain sof t longer,
wear longer, ando look better.
TuE COTroN Cio.-Fleom ovory
portion nearly of South Alabama,
our exchanges bring us the noWi
of tho great falling off in the yield
of this staplo. We are constrained
to coneludo "from the lights bo
fore Is," that the cotton crop Of
Alabama will be much shorto
than it was last year. The san
guino expectations entertained by
the planter last Spring arb noW
cortainly doomod to disappoint.
mont, of this thoro can be no
doubt. The fhio wet weather of
the Spring which so stimulated
the hopes of' thne llaltOr, together
with the drought of August, hav0
been his ultimate ruin, and pro
(uICed his present state of despond
eny.- Tho green succulent cotton
plant of the spring could not with
stand tho dry season of the sum.
mer. The bolls (rIod up on tho
stalk and the young ones shed
off. Planters are surprised to see
that the flst picking picks all the
cotton, and th ero will be nothing
left in the fiuture. Thoreforo, wo
say the cotton crop in South Ald
bama cannot be as large as it was
last year.-E'vergreen Obscrver.
The Rev. Lyman Abbott do
Clares as follOwS inl the New Ydrk
Independent, concerning watinati's
function il tihe clittrul : "It is safe
to say that at least two-thirds of
the mmbership of' our Evanlgoli
cal chureies is cornposod of wo
men. Any experienced pastor
will bear witness thiat the spiritu
al strength of' his church-and
not un frineq[n tly tire filnancial
strength, too-(lepellds upon the
women. They, aro, generally,
the most oarnicsL, the most devo
ted, the most roady and willing to
work. Whetier they have noro
leisure might bo a mooted qos
tion ; but they certainly securo
m1oro 6im fFor their chrillch than
Uhoii- husbandli and) brothers.
They%? possess, t.o. if not the doop
('st and richost exporianes, somno
th t ar peculiarly Valuable, and
o.hat wouild onricih immoastirably
ti. woalth of' tire church if they
<ot'( be )n trib!td t, it. When
the pastor 'eels himsolf Lire need
of quickening, ho gonorally ob
tais it by a call on some mother
WHAT A MssissiPPi Ghinr. DYij
oN A FAR.M.--he follo%wing infor
mauttionl is tCOnveyel t,, um by it
1ruih1ful anI reliable genitlieman,
and should (caulse young men 1 who
complain of' not being able to sup.
Port tleiselves to blush1 all ovell
t heir fhces :
1iss obl-occia Cox, of Amit'
County, who graduated in JLunO
1867, rettirned hoimo in Janunry,
1868, hirIed a negro man 70 years
old, two of, his dauigh ter-s. and on
hoy not o(l 0111nougli to plougi.
'li not results of' fiarmring opera.
Lions lasl. year, payiig oxpensos
of place and hands, wvero: 8 banko
of potatoe, 600 btul-I1as of corn1
and $909 in cash fom sale of cot
.Nowv wili anyi younig man say
lie can't make a living after this.?
[(Sum mit TJimes.
A GasAT AMAN's EBsTIJMAT1E Of!
A onmiuvruns .-No man is so high
ats to bo) ind(ependent of' thoe suc'
coss of' this gr'eat inrter'ost,; no
man is so low as n >L Lo boofl'ected
by its prosper'ity or' (declino. The
cultivation of' tire earth is thd
most important labor of' man,
Man may be civilized in some do.
gree, without [progross in mann.
acturio, and~ 'with littl()001 c foeco
wiLih his (distant neighbors ; but,
wi thouit cultivation of' the earth
he is, ini all countries, a savag.
UJntill he gives up tire chase, and
fixes himself to somie place, and
Reeks a iiving froim the earnth, he
is a r'oanming barbarian. When
t illago begins other ar'ts follow.
Th Ie farnmers, thre'fbro, aroe foun
ders (if hutmanr civilization.
respondent of' the Atlanta Consti.
st/ion, writing from Groonsbor'o,
N. (I., says:
"A t this point, I learned fr'om
soveral reliable and pious citizens
of one of the strangest occuri'on.
ces that has ever hapipenoed in
thrat or any othrer State. A cow,
belonging to a Methodist mainister,
living six miies from Grooensboro,
gave birth to a nogro baby. Tho
head and face, and all the upper
p art of the animal, aroe unmnistaka
bly those of a negro child, anid the
lower part that of a calf. The gen
tlemain who informed me of it is a
highly responsiblo citizen.''
Owing to the extraordinary low state
ef tho water, the river, trade between
*Augiut and Savannah has been discen.