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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, June 22, 1881, Image 1

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Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agricult
Vol. XVII. NEWBERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 22, 1881. No. 25.
At Newberry, S. C.
BY Ffl09. F. G~RHNFKcR,
Editor and Proprietor.
T~ernes, $2.00 per Jru
Invariably in Advance.
r.-The Paer is stopped at the expiration Of
limefor hichit is paid.
-r? The 4 mark denotes expiration of sub
'a "A D DRESSES, &e.
A Feast of' Reason?
gaining the victory promised hin by his
Master ; he has, as his great Leader and
( pt,in, th- Eternal God, the Son. Should
h.i, May becone dark for want of Gospel
trut%, tritsl discourage him on his onward
pwi . ek,uds of doubt and de-pondency
v.-rea.t his mental sky ; he ha:s for his
comurfort the enlightening, encouraging and
convincing influences of the E:ernal God,
the Spirit. The Father, Son and Hioly
Ghost will dissipate those clouds of glom,
will give him strength to war a good war
f.rwill incre.se his faith, his hope, ad
hi- love. and will lead hint onward, upward,
Heavenward, until he enters the g-ttes of
eternity, and then Godward along th.e never
endi: corridors of the bright Beyond.
I. Whe are the successiul in time and for
eternal bliss ?
Mankind is divided into two classes by
the word of God, the just and the u:.just,
the righteous and the wicked. Paul men
tions two distinct classes, those who n .L
not after the flesh, and those who wa'k af
ter the flesh. Every son of Adam belongs
to one of these classes. Now those who
walk after the flesh, are guilty of "adube
ry, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
idolttry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emu
lations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
envyings, murder, drunkenness, r.-velings,
and such like," and cannot and dare not
hope to have God with them. "But the
fruits of the Spirit are love, joy, peace,
long suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
meekness, temperance." These are they
who need not fear. who can joyfully out
ride every billow of sin, and who will even
tually obtain the rewards promised the wor
thy in all ages.
"No man can come unto me except the
Father draw him", is the language of the
Son of God. God works in us both to w ill
and to do. He who has heard the winning
voice of Heaven from the pulpit, froi the
Bible, and from those providences that
meet h!ni in his pilgrimage ; who listens to
the whispers of the "still small voice", who
treasures up the important truth3 conveyed
and who permits these truths to exert their
sanetifying influence on his soul, may be
said to have God an his side. If he disbe
lieve the regenerating doctrines of God's
word, he will reject them ; if he disapprove
of God's precepts he will cling to the flesh ;
if the plan of salvation do not meet his ap
probation he will not embrace it. To have
God with him he must hear the importunate
call of truth, must embrace it as his first
duty, must determine to obey it as God
gives him strength. He will then be as
sured that his affections and life are govern
ed by the truth. Then and then only can
he claim the security promised in the text.
SThat man will be successful who employs
his talents, mproves )is time, and expends
his means, not only for self-improyement,
or for benefitting those around him, but for
building up the waste places of Zion. He
feels an insult against his Maker as sensibly
as against himself. Though he is faint
hearted, easily discouraged, an'i mourns 1
over the little accomplished, yet you will
find him moving onward by his prayers, in
fluence, and efforts,-the cause of education,
the civilization of the human race, and the
evange'iz ation of the world.
Agai,, God is for him who sincerely pro
tesses Christ before the world. Christiani
iv was naevr titended. t9 be concealed arnd
disre nat be The traue christian is thn salt
of the earth, and must preserve and keep
pure the trueC faith once delivered to the
sainats. lie is a lhght, and must direct along
the authorzed path those groping in the
dark. Be is a living epistle, and others
can road in hiipi the blessed doctrines of the
Son of God. Wherear Christianity does
not thus manifest itself it does not exist.
That man who-says he is .a christian, and
you find no difference between his maxims
and the maxims of the world, between his
walk and conduct, and the walk and con
duet of' other men, he has denied his words
by his conduat, and is guilty before G~od of
He who will ultimately be supeessful in
accomplishing the great moral task of life,
must resist all evil influences opposing him.
He has equipped himself for the conflict.
Hie has declared open war against all oppo
eing forces. Hlis is an unceasing rebellion.
if he grounds his weapons, if he do nQt
like Hosea, "hew them by the prophets, and
slay thenm by the words of his mouth," his
enemies will gain the vantage ground, and
achieve the victory over him. He is clad
in the christiau's armor, the whole panoply
of the Gospel, and goes on from conquering to
conquest. He has enlisted in the a, my of1
the Lord, and he resists the enemies of his
soul, until his Captain calls him from his
conflict on earth, to his inheritance in Hea
These are they whom God has said in his
covenant that he wot!d protect ; declared
~by the prophets and apostles that he would
sustain under every trial; and given them
the assurance by his inspired word that they
should come >ff* more than conquerors.
These ate they whom God is for and who
can be against them. These are they al-1
though sometimes lightly estet med by the
supose noleand great, frequently tramp
le nfrself- aggrandisement, and often
rjected and spurned as an unclean thing,
yet they can carry their treasures down on
Jordan's strand by them, hope and confi-.
dence will dheer the soul while passing
through its chilling waves, and in the world
beyond they will enjoy these blessings,
while the ceaseless cycles of eternity roll
round and round. These are they who will
encircle the- throne of bliss, sing the story
of the cross, cast their crowr.s at the Re
deemer's feet, and wave palms of victory
along the streets of the new Jerusalem;
while the angels, seraphims, arid cherubims
will stand, gaze and wonder ; for God was
with them, and who could be against tbem.
II. The Secucitv Promised. "Who can
be against us ?" "It must needs be that
offences come, but woe to that man by
whom the offence cometh." Enemies have
arisen, and will arise, against God's own
blood-bought, dear and peculiar people
enemies mighty, and fearful in their charac
ter--detet mined and resolute in their endeav
ors; but the believer has the glorious prom
ise that the gates of Hell shall not prevail
against his church. If God be for us, who
can be against us ? if ever Paul rode in a
triumphal chariot on this side of Heaven here
it was: with such a holy height and brave
Iry of spirit ; with such a fluency and copi,
ousness of expression ; with such an assur
anee and confident rejoicing does he in this
epistle comfort himself, his brethren at Rome
and all thc people of God. If Zion's watch
men on sacred walls should meet foe after
foe, see the enemy aim the deadly blow, and
tremble when they behold his fearful ad
vances, they are comforted in the Savior's
words :-"Lo, I am with you always, even
unto the end of the world '. If the true
Christian meet with bitter and inveterate
enemies, unable to answer atheistic argu
ment, too weak to ward off temptation's fie
ry darts, or grapple with Apolyon in the
vale of humiliation, he has the su re promise
that God, his Savior, will never leave him
nor forsake him.
History assures the believer that many
enemies have arisen against the Church, hos
tile in their character, determinate in their
-e-ol,m ;-m and dadly in their aim; buht still
the church stands, though rent. by one and
caviled at by another ; receiving in one age
the deadly darts of infidelity, and feeling in
another the poisonous fangs of hypoctisy.
She has prayed for her enemies without, and
wept over her enemies within. She has re
ceived fearful wounds from deadly foes and
deceitful friends, and healed them with the
consoling balm of the Gospel. She has been
bartered for a life of pleasure, torn by schism
and sect, trampled on for power and do
minion ; still she has conquert d her ene
mies, and will continue to march onward in
her glorious career until she encircles the
globe and ushers in the dawn of her thous
and years Jubilee
Who can be against the christian ? Has
not the "law of the Spirit of Life in Christ
Jesus made him free from the law of sin
and death ?" Is not the "righteousness of
the law fulfilled in him who walks not after
the flesh, but after the Spirit ?" "Does not
the Spirit bear witness with his spirit that
he is a child of God ?" Will not the Spirit
make intercessions for him with groanings?
And does he not know that all things work
together for good to them who love God,
and are called according to his purpose?
Who can be against the christian? He
bas many fearful enemies-enemies, who,
f it were possible, would ruin him in time
and in eternity.
"The devil goeth about like a roaring
ion, seeking whom he may devour," aim
ng at the destruction of God's moral go
!rnmeut, and intent on the ruin of immor
al soui>. He assails the christian where
de is weakest and least guarded. He ap
proaches him as an angel of light. He
empts him to violate God's holy laws. If
here be no personal devil, there is no per
ional God, for the same principle of Bibli
;al exigesis that proves the personal exis
:nce of the one, proves the personal exis
ence of the other. Against this enemy the
sbristian has the Omn:potence of Jehovah.
xod will give him strength to resist his ma
ohinations, Christ has assured him that the
emptations of the evil one can be resisted,
tnd the Bible urges him to resist the devil.
The world is in one sense an enemy to
he believer. Those false maxims contrary
o the word of God, those evil influences
,enerated by an ungodly race, and that gall
ng yoke and dreadrgl chain-the power of
aiabit--by which mankind areenslaved ; rise
)efore the Christian in his pathway like im
3assable mountains; meet him in his flight
Af faith as unconquerable enemies, and dash
beir foaming billows against his frail barge
)n the ocean of life. Against this enemy
.he Christian has the constraining power of
ruth. Truth meets his approbation, influ
nces him to reject the false, and urges him
o embrace the pure doctrines of the Son
>f God.
Infidelity is an enemy to the child of God.
[afidelity presented itself in the age of per
;ecution as charitable, be&evolent, and the
riend of man. This enemy has ever held
ip Freedotr, Liberty and Natural rights, and
nsinuates that the believer is enslaved. In
lays gone by infidelity could daringly pre
ent a bold front to the Christian ; but in the
resent age it assumes the mild forms of
r ourierism, Free-lovism, Clairvoyance and
spiritual rappings, aiming at the overthrow
> the Sabbath law, and the marriage tie.
the illogical arguments of Volney's Ruins
and Paine's Age of Reason, with influ
mnpes that have flowed down fr. "ibbon,
Voltaire, D41inbert, Solirggbroge and
Blume, ris'e against the child of God, and
>ppose him in his christian course. For this
enemy he wields a weapon sure and effect
ve. History assures the Christian that the
irrath of man is made to praise God. Eve
*y effort put forth by the infidel world in
dl ages has been a failure. The Reign of
rerror ip jgnlappy F'rance was a weapon
~hat stabbed the heart of him who bore it.
MIore than this, Infidelity has never Liven to
be world a single idea on which a sorrow
:ul, sinful,'dying world could test its hopes,
~alm its troubled conscience, or lift the veil
~hat hides an unending future.
The unfaithfulness of many disciples op
>oses the believer and weak-ens his faith.
rhe -influence of one professed christian
would lead him to love the world and ac
,umulate wealth, and the example of an:>
hler to treasure up its glittering show and
~njoy its worldly pleasures. How often
I6es the walk of one christia; brother cast
i hade of gloom over the mind of another,
iot only wounding the consciences of his
arethren, but crucifying his Lord afresh ?
Eis living in known sin, his cold indiffer
~noe to the subject of religion, his want of
nterest in the cause of Christ, are influences
~alculated to wsaken~ his faith. lie sees
>ne '.rother plucking the fruit from thc for
aidden tree, and another entangling him
self in the, net of the enemy. Ag.ainst this
~nemy lie has a weapon. Christ Jesus is
als great exemplar. While he looks to his
~avior for grace, follows the examp:e of his
yreat Capt.iin and .studies the character of
uis dear Red'eemer, he has strength to re
ist, and is able to overcome all other influ
The depravity of the human heart is an
>ther enemy against which the christian
:ns to contend. hs heart would lead him
after the things of this world, entice him in
the ways of sin, overwhehn him in the
loods of corruption. Natural depravity,
like the tornado of Southern climes, sweeps
iver the moral nature of man and leaves in
ts pathway moral desolation, destruction
atd death. By this sinful disposition lie
inds himself in the deep vale of humiliation,
hard by the bitter waters of Marah. He
iees others sailing round and round the
awful vortex of corruption, becoming un
:onsciously more and more under its fear
ul influence, drawing nearer and nearer its
rightful whirl, and goIng at last thunder
ig down its sinking centre, submerged be
eath the waves of black despair. Without
[sod's assistance this enemy would be too
strong for his strength. But he has a
seapon given him, the enlightening, con
soling and strengthening influences of the
Eoly Spirit. Be will teach him all things
necessary, will pour into his soul the oil of
bis grace and will give him power to over
>ome this deceitful enemy of the flesh.
Who can be against the true Christian ?
rhoughi the Devil set his sniarea, though his
hristian brother be unfaithful, though his
iepraved heart would lead himi into sin,
bough the world, Infidelity or any other
~nemy assail him, he has a weapon for each,
nd by its faithful use he will come off' vie.
This security is doubly consoling when
we are 4usured from history, biy friend a,nd
roe, that God has beeni with his church and
The church was in her infancy when th'e
Apostles boldly led her on to victory,
'Subduing kingdoms, obtaiuing promises,
:uenching the violence of fie, escaping the
edge of the sword and turning to flight the
armies of the aliens." Soon a Christian
Prince sat upon the throne of the Ciesars.
Christian ministers took the place of hea
hen priests. The word of God was heard
and heeded instead of responses from hea
then oracles. Though near.'y lost in Romish
sperstition during the Medieval ages, .yetI
a light was kindled in Germany, it. was seeni
and acknowledged in France, England, and
these Western Wilds, and will continue to
hi-se more hrig-htly to the end of time.
Now, turning over the historic page of the
church, we are convinced that God was
with her, protecting her from her deadly
focs, giving ner strength to resist all the
machinations of her enemies, and with
power and grace moving her on to victory.
Another consolation found in her history
is, that God was with the martyrs.
"He that embraced the stake and said:
'Welcome the cross of Christ, welcome
everlasting life'-He that dated his letter
from the 'delectable orchard of th, Leon
tine prison'. He that said : 'In these
flsmes I feel no more pain than if 1 was on
a bed of down'. She, a little before her
martyrdom, being asked how she did, said:
'Well and merry, and going to Heaven.'"
Those who have gone smiling to the stake,
stood singing in the flames, preaching Jesus
to their murderers, and as was the case with
Lambert, lilting the stumps of his burning
arms towards Heaven, crying, "none but
Jesus! none but Jesus! !" were more than
conquerors, and they greatly encourage us
in our conflicts And trials. What gave
them that boldness to die for their Savior?
What lit up their countenances with a
heavenly smile in death ? W bat inspired
them with a glorious immortality ? God
was them, Jehovah Jesus and his truth
governed them in the dying strife, and who
could be against them.
Another consolation, cheering the chris
tian, is found in the fact, that God was with
the Reformers.
When Charles the V. would have crushed
the rising Reformation, and unsheathed his
sword to accomplish his object, Luther
could say: "Though our enemies have
around!them, beside them, with them, not on
ly that puissant Roman Emperor Charles, but
still more, the Emperor of the Turks, and
his Mahomet; they could not intimidate me,
they could not frighten me; it is I, who,
in the strength of God, am resolved to
frighten them. They shall yield to me
they shall fall-and I shall remain upright
and firm. My life shall be their headsman,
and my death their Hell." Like his great
prototype on Mar's Hill, Luther could point
a dying worla to the Lamb of God, and
he knew that God was with him, when
in the presence of crowned heads and high
officials, cardinals and interested clergy-dis
tinguished men of church and State-he
conld utter that thrilling sentence, which
comes sounding down the ages: "Hier
stehe ich, ich kann nicht anders, Gott helfe
mir." God alone must have strengthened the
hands and warugd the heart of him, who
was striving to divest the church of the rub
bish of the mediaeval ages, and to gain the
vietory over those, who arraigned them
selves against the truth, as developed in tite
Lutheran Reformation.
The history of the last 1800 years, proves
conclusively, that Christ is with his people
that He will never leave nor forsake those
who humbly bow at the foot of the cross
that He will carry them, like lambs in His
bosom even down to gray old age-that He
will guide them across the iver of death
and that He will give them the Rest, that
remaineth for the people of God-for God
was with them, and who can be against
Young gentlemen: You have completed
the curriculum of your Alma Mater. In
contemplating human knowledge, you have
been innpressed with the littleness of our
planet, and the insignificance of man upon
it; and you have admired the God-like pow
ers of the mied, which exhibit a grandeur
and a greatness unknown to the world of
matter. Without is illimitable space. and
man but a single point in it; within is a
power that continually approaches omnis
cience. You are about to leave these acade
mie halls, tq go forth on the stage of active
life. I wish to impress your mind, yea, in
delibly engrave on your memory, never to
be erased, the sure road to success, and the
doom of wrong purpose.
To succeed, you must have one aim, and
make that aim your life work, An Ameri
can Essayist says: The one prudence in life
is concentration; the one evil is dissipation.
It makes no difference wlhether our dissipa
tions are course or fine-property or its
cares, friends and a social habit, politics,
music, or feasting. Every thing is good which
takes away one plaything and delusion
more, and drives us horne to add one stroke of
faithful work.' The Bible says; "The double
minded man is unstable in all his ways."
You will find your true work in your desires
and capabilities. Love of ease, vanity, or
ambition have led many in the wvrong path,
but your "fondness for any pursuit creates a
very strong probability that you were made
for it, and it will ensure your devotion to it,
and your success in it,
Again, you must not only have one aim,
but it should be a trre one in order to be suc
cessful. It matters not w#het her your choice
will be in the pulpit, at the bar, behind the
counter, or in the field. All work is hou
orable, from the humble mechanic to 'the
ling upon his throne. A man may disgrace
his work, but the work will never disgrace
him. The doonm of failqre will sooner or
later follow every pursuit, not in accordance
with the laws of nature or the will of the
moral Governor. A modern writer savs:
"Gravitation secnres the stability of the
universe, but he who leaps from the preci
pice forces his own destruction. Thirst
was given for man's benefit, but stimulating
drinks pnfit h$m for his work. Conscience is
a guide to true tmanhbood, but the transgressor
changes it into a scource of remorse." If
this be true in man 's personal experience,
it is also true, in his life work. No amount
of energy, no determination, no resolution
can push any purpose to- ultimate success, in
the face of Omnipotence.
Once more, your aim should be the noblest
possible. In choosing your life work, per,
mit me to quote an ethical wvriter: "Some
think that respectability is found only in the
three learned professions-Law, Medicine,
and Divinity. It is robbing the other lhon
st employments of noble workmen, to add
to the legions of dishones~t lawyers, blunder
ing doctors, and stupid and inefficient'minis
ters." Young gentlemen, study the character
of the pure and noble, avoid, as you would
the leprosy, the power of an evil imagina
tion, eschew with a firm determination, all
debasing ideals of poetry, and reject with
firmness, that yellow covered literature, that
weakens th~e intellect, destroys the taste for
rational study, and stains the soul with sin.
You tnus will be assisted in the choice of
your life work. To impress this on your
mind, we will quote one example from the
same ethical writer. "Look at the character
of Satan, as presented in Taradise Lost,
Faust, Cain, A Drama of Exile, and the
ible. The Miltonic Satan has exalted
virtues, but vices which would repel more,
so that the ambitious wvould sooner reign in
Hell, than serve in Hleaven, The Mephis
topheles of Goethe, appeals to all the baser
instincts, so that the wicked long to be such
a devil. The Byronic Lucifer attracts more
than the Byronic God. The Lucifer of
Mrs. Browning is one, the highest and the
lowest say: "Go from us, we have no need
of thee," and the Satan of the Bible is a
terror to every human being, base or other
In conclusion, listen to the admonitions of
truth. You have been taught in the scienes.
Now bathe continually in the pure streams
that flow from the pure, the good, and the
true. Let your life work be a single aim, a
true one, the noblest possible, au:1 he who
has promised will he with you, and you will
succeed. Iseason and F'aith are twin sisters,
Doth have the same parentage. They walk
arm in arm along the upward, onward path
towards Omniscience. When Reason tired
and faint, can go no farther, Faith says, in
the language of another, "Art thou tired
Siser, rest thou here, while I essay this
boundless gulf." Then standing on the
last ground of thought, she spreads her an
gel wings, she flies into the bosom of the
Eternal One. She sees that which eye has
never seen, she comprehends the incompre
henible, she understands the unknowable.
Happy! yea happy, thrice happy is the man,
who has God on his side, for who can be
aanstne him.
Before the Alumni Association of Newberry
College Tuesday Morning, June 21st, 1881.
Gentlemen of the Alumni Associa
tion :'
One of the most (fficult and
most important things for a young
man to learn is-that he knows
nothing; another, that he is noth
ing, and is not likely to become of
very great importance. The sooner
we realize that we are ciphers;
that while we are the darlings of
our mothers, we are not and are
not destined to be the world's
darlings, the better will it be for
our future comfort and happiness.
It is not difficult for most of us to
remember when we left home
glowing with enthusiasm, and in
cited by an unfaltering faith that
we were born to distinguish our
selves and our country ; never
doubting that, when we die, the
great heart of humanity will throb
with quicker pulsations; the mad
racing world, pause to shed bitter
tears over our graves; and the
chisel, trace on our tombs--not
what we were, but what we ex
pected to be.
The collegian, when a Sopho
more, feels that they who are
wiser than he, have some know
ledge not worth the knowing; as
a Junior, if a faithful student, be
begins to realize that his know
ledge does not exceed the corn
bined intelligence of the Seven
Sages ; when a Senior, he is per
plexed to know on what he can
rest any cL.aims to excellence ; and,
after graduation, he finds that be
is not a little child picking up a
pebble here and there on the
shore of the great ocean of truth,
but a wayward boy whose faintest
glimpse of the limitless expanse
of the ocean of knowledge, is in
tercepted by towering mountains
whose rugged heights can be
scaled only by the unflagging dili
gence of a lifetime. To the student
who stumbles over Greek roots
and frowns amidst Latin moods
who, with faltering trust, attempts
to steer between the Scylla and
Charybdis of Physics, and Meta
physic, who glides along the nar
rows of Differential Calculus, and
is fain to regardi Hishop Butler as
the natur-al enemy of the rhuman
race ;-to the student whose pre
sent is so discouraging, the future
is singularly inviting. The future
of our college days was sunlit and
enebanting; it lay along ways
made bappy by trilling songsters
that poured out their litt le souls in
music; it was not unattended with
somewhat of the golden gleams
of the poetic fancy. 4But now
it begins to dawn upon us
that 'the best-laid schemes of
mice and men gang aft agley,'
Johnuic has become plain Jack,
and the world does not applaud
him and lovingly pat him on the
head. The flowers of hope that
bloomed for the sebool-boy are as
dead unfragrant weeds; - the
roseate beauty wasi only a dreamn
of the imagination ,-~Land this
eternally springing hope is still
weaving fantastic visions, and
lur-ing us on ward, ever onward
to what? T[he college student,
displacing a pun ctan~tion mnark,
believes, 'There's a Divinity that
shapes our ends rough: hew
them how we will.' And are we
always i-eady, looking at the
world, and not aoove the wvorld,
to ackndwledgze that 'Ther-e's at
Divinity that shapes our ends,
rough-hew them how we will ?'
Or are we not raJher inclined to
regard man as only a sigh -a sob
-a pulsebeat-a heart-pang-a
plaything of ebance? Pausing to
day on thesummit of tbe ages; anid
assuming that we know something
of what has been djone, let us give
thought to -the present, anid in
vestigate some of the influences
that affect us as we stand with
the jostling throng- in the vesti
beie of the great hereafter. We
are in the world ;not only so, we
are of tue world ; and it is becom.
ing that we seek to know what
the world is doing. One lesson
is well learned: that life is full of!
mysteries; or rather, that life is
the great mystery of mysteries.
And wvhen unaided human judg
mernt tries to go to the hidden
arcana of life and unveil the sie
cret principles that control the
human heart, it must acknow
ledge the insignificance of the
known and tremble on the verge of
the infinite unk(nown. 'The poet
of m:any sided genius-the great
r-eader of bumnau unture-puts ini
to the mouth of a man who is'
'dangerous because he thinks too
much,' these words:
Men, at some timzes, are masters of their
fates ;
The fault, dear Brt tus, is not in our stars, t
But in ourselves, that we are underlings.
This sentiment is dear to every g
independent, manly nature ; every g
nature that does n)ot seek to ex- -
cuse its own weakness andi irreso-J I
lution by trusting to a bLng I
the application. Marie Antoinette,
pure and fair as the lilies of
France, left Austria amid the ac
clamations of a devoted people
'glittered above the horizon like a
morning star-and knelt to the
gleaming blade of a French gtuil- I
lotine. Was she mistress of her
fate ?
'Three roses, wan as moonlight and weighed
Each with its loveliness as with a crown,
Drooped in a fiorist's widow in a town,
The first a lover bought. It lay at rest.
Like snow on snow, that might, on beauty's
The second as virginal and fair,
Shrunk in the tangles of a harlots's hair,
The third, a window with new grief made
Shut in the icy palm of her dead child.'
There is your mysterious some
thing that we cail destiny. and of
which we are sometimes raasters.
A garden was created and man
was told to keep and dress it.
The manner in which he dis
charged the high trust, leads us
seriously to think that creation is
easier than conservation. Now
that divine creation has ceased
now that life is a fact., we must
accept the conditions it imposes,
and try to guide it safely through
the changes that make up its des
stiny. Acknowledging t bi a t -
There's a Divinity that shapes
ur ends-and yet feeling that
our destiny is the result of num
berless changes, and that we
reate the changes that most se
riously affect us, let us notice this
sontrolling influcnce of change
which in its best. application we
all REFORM. Ernerson savs
-The castle that conservatism is
set -to defend is the actual state of
things-good and bad. Conserva
tism goes for comfort-Reform,
for trutb.' Whether you accept
his definition as a true standard
of measurement or not you must
admit that Emerson bas a right to
be heard on this subject. Our pre.
Ferences and our habits of thought
are strongly influenced by educa
tion. We oftenest incline to con
ventional usages that were formed
we know not when-and prefer
systems of government to which
we have been accustomed from
earliest childhood. We often yield
to the imperious sway of custom
because of a want of independence
>f thought, r because of an Orien
tal indolence-or because, like the
toad that was embedded in sand
stone, we are too well satisfied
with our present condition to take
rich thought of the future. Re
orm touches the rigid body of
onventionalism and im~prisoned
piniples, noble but blighted,
spring in to figures of living beauty.
onservatism says, whatever is.
s right, -Reform advocates no
such miserable precept, but says,
whatever is right, should bie.
Donservatism asks-what is the
~ustom ?-Reforma asks-what is
~he truth ? .In its extreme ap
lication, Reform becomes iRevolu
ion. It remodels--Revolution,
obile claiming to act on just con
eptions of right, goes to the roots
> existingr institutions ; it is es
entially radical. because it is pop
lar. In its beginning it aims at
be redress of real or imaginary
~rievan ces ; but hurried on by its
wn enthusiasm, it not unitr
nen tly becomes fanaticism, and
Ldvocates the dangecrous doctr-ine
-whbatever is, is wrong.
T'..e peopie know little and care
ess about abstractions. Glitte
g generalities may please them;
,he )arwiniiani theory may amuse
.bem ; but to almost all purely
~peculative r-easaning they are in
iferent. They may be listless
vhile you reason with s'.rong
ogic and stronger lungs about
Iuties, and duties for- revenue on
y ; but seek to inflict upon them
o iniquitous system of taxation,
nd they organize tea p)arties of
.he most serious nature. They
Lre lt ays restless, but not reo
utionary till they feel the weight
>f oppression's hand. The great
cean he ives and sobs like a restless
iing thing-it ebbs and it flows
t follows the changes of' its ever
:hanging mistress ;- but only,
'eben lashed by the fury of the
vinds does it rise in majesty, roll
oam-crested billows to the beach,
tnd dash the pride of mighty
armadas. No event of moderti
uistory is more startling in its oc
-rence and more interesting in
ts results than the Fr-ench
Revolution. 1ts aim was to up
oot tares set by injustice and
uarded by Conservatism ; but it
vent to the wild extreme of de
troying the wheat because it con
ained tares. .It broke up the
oundations of society, govern
nent and religion. The hrenzied
mation, without bread--without
>reeches-and without wisdom
vildly shouted Liber-ty, Equality
nd Fraternity. Cl.ange set its
imson seal on lbs :.-- of mon
~ry, and when QAe mewnger of
e illfated Los apeared in the
;tates Genera!. Mira~ocau of shag
ymane anti ilon-like port, electri
led the nation as he thundered
--'Go tell y one master thait we are1
here by it 9 HiU o|the people, and
at nothing shall drive us hence
ut t he force of bhynnets l' T his 1i
revolution was more than Reform
it was unwise because it was with
out a head, and because multipli
cation of ignorance never makes
wisdom. Yet, that good was ac
complished, Republican France to
day attests. And, if the great
Burke could see no other reason
to felicitate France, he might have
given her a word of congratula
tion that she had rescued herself
from the despousm of priest-craft
and feudal customs. On an Oc
tober afternoon of 1795, a young
artilery officer stoori by a park of
artilllerv about which surged a
mob of dusty, ragged, hungry
Frenchmen, and shrieking, dis
heveled women who trampled in
the dust the modesty of their sex.
The artillerist was as steady as
steel and quick as lightning. Sud
denly his stern lips opened for the
word 'Fire !'-there was a roar, a
crash, and the French Revolution
had gone up in a whiff of smoke.
That young artillerist was after
wards heard above the din of
Leipsic ar'd Waterloo. He was by
nature revolutionary. Embittered
by iron fortune, his youthful
cheek. fanned by the hot breath
of revolution, he never bowed to
custom, but treated existing in
stitutions with kingly scorn. To
what was the popularity of this
little great man--this mysterious
mighty being due? He was
never caught listening at key
boles--but he was mean beyond
expression. lie did not hesitate
to cheat, steal, slander, poison or
assassinate. He was intensely sei
fish-he was treacherous--he was
an unscrupulous gossip and liar--lbe
intercepted letters, and cheated at
cards-he interfered with the cut
ting of women's dresses and
never spoke a well-turned sen
tence to a lady. Whence his mar
velous influence ? Whence the
amazing magnetism of this'Scamp
J upiter ?' In the 'imminent dead
ly breach' he never flinched ; his
cheek never showed the white
flag of fear-and soldiers applaud
ed. His code of morality was
Nothing succeeds like success ;
and Frenchmen blindly accom
panied to the death. The essence
of his mathematics was crystal
ized in the axiom ; the shortest
distance between two points is a
straight line; and brave men fol.
lowed though ie led through
blood. But whea he mounted to
the sublimest reach of his rhe
toric and proudly called himself
the Man of .Destiny, the nation
clapped its bands, and hailed him
as the great innovator and leader
of the people. When reproached
bor spilling the precious blood of
due d'.Enghien, be pitched his re
ply to the popular tone, and said:
Neither is my blood ditch water.
Hie was the embodiment of the
popular will--he absorbed the very
genius of this leveling nation
above all he was never conserz.a
tive: to this the surrender into his
hands of thbe popular judgment
was largely due.
Innovation of whatever kind is
no longer viewed with suspicion
and distrust. Our age is peculiar
lv one of disillusion, disenchant
neeut and disbelief. Sio change is
too radical to find supporters-no
reformi toc pure to meet bitter de
nunciation and opposition. We
are no long'er sentimentai 'his is
a matter of regret, for senltjiment
elevates and rences thbe hear t. The
earnest spirit that alters babits of
thought on all subjects-politica,
social and r-eligious, is ineousisten t
with tie growth of sentiment.
We are toid that the noble Ro
man never said, 1 came, I saw I
uonquer-ed, but that this is a scuton
f Suetonius ;that the lrou Duke
never spoke the nobie sentiment,
2ngland expects every man to do
is duty. The sword of Wallace
uust no longer gleam among the
beachered hills of Scotland, and
we must believe that the liberty
vibrating v<>ice of Tell never float
ad across the still waters of beauti
ali Lucerne. For this sentiment .
we ar-e too practical--we go to the<
ruth of traditions. It is a ques- I
ion, how far this spirit of investi
fation-this search after truth, I
should be encouraged. Conserva
~ism is commendable when it seeks i
~o insure the prevalence of wiise
nid beneficent institutions; but
t is contemptible when it advo
3ates usages that are plainly more
aonored in the br-each than the
bservancc.' We should study thbe:
ast; we should honor our ances- I
ors and r-espect the institutions es- I
ablished by their wisdom ; but we
were not put here to work mira- jI
~les with dead men's bones, it wasC
.ever intended that we should I
ive and die by precedent, we must
ive in the preseut and for the .
utur-e. Conservatism teaches con
entmient, contentment means
tagnation. We thirst and hun
.er as do the birds and cattle ; but I.
,e birds quench their thirst, fly I
iway to shady gzroves and waste! I
bhe day in perpetual song. The C
attle satisfy their hunger and
ie down in seemingly perfect con
,entment. We satisfy our hunger S
td thirst ; but we are least con
,ented when we have no felt want
,o gratify. There is a voiceless I
4_1.00 per .quan.re ; 1c ic i: N , iiircrtlot]U
I1)o!r','t" co!'It aU. I i e CtL t i:: tttn per ( Curt,
ou above.
\t,irees of ,crn . z:nte mitril ,,:(-S
of respect, saine rates oer >quare as ordina:y
advert isemnuts.
perIi i1Ie.
ALvertisl"ITwntS tlt tn iit : t ,7-C mm~ -
her of in~"r:: I~
and c1,argt... itr:l i
Special t.")'irac:;s tI t.: Iargc (ivcr
tisers, i I '7 . a ;i(Il> Ci1' :i)o%.c JilJre .
.10B3 Pit 14, lyfov*6
yearning that dernands scmethin.,
higrher, if not h.lh.(:", than we now
enjoy. You may; shut uip the
heart in a Happy V'alley -lut y oa
cannot sati.4 v it. This elastic as
piration will mnounit upward and
still upward till it dashes its wings
a_ansLtheprison basof the hu
mansol.No, this is a world
ofchang(e-that change should be :
controlled-it sLwuid be ieform
a search after truth wvhich alone
lads tothe truice113-sium of the
soul. Now here is the ir.depcn
d1c:ce of thoai ht more strikingly
shoa n than in the modern school
of Philosophy. We are often
amazed at the audacity of this
science that .dares all things and
believes only what it can under
stand. And yet is may be design
ed tD test the strength and prove
the goodness of the Christian
Code. This may be the great con
flict in which Apollyon must go
down by the strong arm ot Chris
tian. After all, wvhat are these
atheistic evolutionists but over
grown boys, cutting holes in
lrum-heads to investigate the
source of s o u n d, shivering
watches to find what makes the
wheels go round, and withering
the hopes of man to find what

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