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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, June 16, 1849, Image 1

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" to thine own HV.tV uk Til uk, and IT MUST follow, as tiik night TJIK da i, thou CAn'sT not tiikn uk kalsk to any MAN;"
; . ^sv ^ | *. .*&?' ., , 'J
J. yr. no:iris, j?, ) m
E. m. KEITH, [ Editors.
One Dollnr nnd Fifty Cents for ono year's
subscription when paid within three niontlw,
Two dollars if payment is delayed to the clone
of the subscription year.
All subscriptions not clearly limited, will bo
considered iw inado for an indefinite time, aiul
continued till n discontinuance is ordered and
all arrearages paid.
Advertinonent* inserted at *?5 cents per
square tor the first insertion, and 8*? 1-2 eta for
cacli continued insertion. Liberal deductions
mft'In tn ilmon J l? -?
w, Mu'nu mutui vi9iup uy ino ycur.
All Communications should bo addressed
to the Publisher post paid.
From the New- Orleans Delta.
Messrs. Editors:?My attention having
p been called to an article in Monday morning's
"Crescent," setting forth the claims ;
f of Lieut. Mayne Reid to Qcn. Jackson's
gold box, and noticing iti that article ma- i
ny glaring inconsistencies?not to use a !
harsher term?I have thought it my duty,
as a member of of the regiments mentioned
by Bam, fr give a simple statement
of facts which heretofore have never been
disputed to mv knowlpflcrn T
V ?" * ?"*?
ply review liis statement in the order in
which it appears, so far as my personal
knowledge extends.
Of his first three statements I can say
nothing. But in his fourth, he claims
having taken the first trophy captured by
the brigado of Gen. Shields in the battle
of Contreras. Such an exploit was totally
imnossible. frnm t.liA nnlnro '>f
, ... ...V .IUVUJ V VI tliU IU1 "
mntion 01' that brigade, the South Carolina
volunteers having been brought to
the attack of the retreating enemy?before,
and at least 300 yards farther up
the road than the New-York regiment, of
which the Lieutenant was a member?
furthermore, the fire of the South Carolina
regiment destroyed what littlo order
was preserved in the Mr.xiimn mnVc nnA
gave the New-Yorkers but little opportunity
of making the first capture, as dozens
of the Palmetto regiment were in the road
capturing horses and making prisoners.
In his lifth, he says that Shields' brigade
was composed of five regiments.
St?h vas not the case : it consisted of the
New-York and Palmetto regiments, who
were afterwards supported by three or
wmjiiuuua uiKcn irom tiic Jlitlcs, and
if I remember rightly, also from the Oth,
11th and 13th regiments of Infantry?in
all, not more than 1200 men; tins includes
the party with the howitze^.
Li.mt. Beid says that his comnanv (13 V
was the only one that stood the lire of the
enemy. For that I can say positively,
that when the South Carolina regiment
was brought into line, the New-\ orkers
were in the utmost confusion, and had retired
behind tho Hacienda, or were scattered
about the field, save some twenty
brave fellows who had surrounded their
flag. The Palmetto regiment remained
in line wmc fifteen minutes, Col. Butler
vivu. ioiiiviu? 10 givo mc order
to charge, which he refused to do,
nnd ho having failed to restore tho NewYorkers
to tneir ranks, ordered the retreat
of the South Carolina regiment.
Even then the order was not extended to
the three left companies, who stood until
the balance of the regiment had proceeded
somo distance, when having been ingvi
formed r>f fV>r> *v.A~ e -'\ '
uvi, Miuy niiiuwru.
In the sixth, he says he forced a body
of South Carolinians to carry Lieut. Col.
Dickenson from the field. Cuch could
not possibly have been iho case, Col. D.
having taken his position in the ccntro of
his regiment, and was there when woun
ded. Ilence, if Lieut. Reid was near
Col. D. when he was shot, he must have
so far forgotten tho first duty of an officer,
as to leave his company nncl regiment, and
jittach, himself to another, at a time when
every man, more particnj^rly an officer,
fcwtt should be seen at his post.
In the seventh, he says that he caught
the flag of the Palmetto regiment, as it
fell from tho hands of Col. D. and earned
tn lor some time. Again, I ask, was lie
at liis po?t? .
But th?| is n?t tlie only ground on
which I base ray disbelief. The subject
of the fi?g has been discussed a hundred
"time?, ana I will crivo a brief histm-v nf w
in fchat engagement. W hen the regiment
wan flr?t Drought into action, it was earned
by the color-sergeant (T. Hoggs) who
was wounded while carrying it. Colonel
Dickenson then took the flag, and bore it
till he was ?l?it downt lie then handed
fr. it, with his Moord. tn PL*
1 i.'iiwujj n' "TV" W
it'iyas committed by the Major to the
care of a member of company H. (P. Le-i
! opard) who bore it throughout that battle,
and every subsequent one, (ill it /was
the first to wave over the capture# gates
of the Garita do Belen, and every mom
her of the regiment will sustain me in this
In his eighth, he sayc. 1 led the twe
regiments to the charge. Pray,, may 1
ask, where was (Jon. Shields that he thus
passively resigned his command to Lieut
Reid ? Again, I repeat, if ho did so, lie
had left his post; for in the second forma
tion the Palmetto regiment was given the
post of honor (the right, ving) and were
in advance of the New-York regiment in
the chaigc, which broke the centre of the
Of his ninth, I can say nothing, only il
is singular. I never norco.ivod T.innf T?ol<l
when according to his statement, he was
with the flag of the South Carolina rcgi
ment, which was in arm's length of mc
several times during tho engagement,
Of his tenth, I can only reiterate, when
was ov.r commander ((ien. Shields) whc
I, for the first time, have heard accuscd o
incompetence as to giving orders to bit
command ?
Of his cmloits under the largest gui
at Chapultepcc, I can Bay nothing,
i WL.1 many apologies for trespassing
on mo patience ot yourself and readers
I leavo Lieut. Muyne lleid to the enjoy
mc nt of his glories, ond the consciousnes
i of his great modesty.
From (he WhlHtnore Sun.
The report on domestic missions wa
mode through Dr. McDoSvell.
The honra has had 514 clcrgymen ii
its employment during the past year, 2L
having been added since tbo last report
haVfiS an excess of increase over th
last venr of 63.
The number ?* /eeble congregation
supplied during the past year has bee
1,400, situated in Twenty-States am
Missionaries have been sent to Califor
nia and Oregon, (four to California an
rvnrs ir\ \ nn/1 i* ?-a-1--I '
umu iu vi?uv"); tuivi Jb Wits NUIU'U Ullll l
nil probability a Presbytery would b
established in California at the next meet
ing of the General Assembly. Twenty
four hundred new members -have bee
added to tho Church during the pas
year, nnd 1,800 on certificate, being a tc
tal number of four thousand two bur
dred. *'.
The number of new cburclies built, c
in progress of erection, during the pat
year, luis been 130, an increase of be
hfAAn f.A f* r\
1111,1.11 lJU tl 1 111 UUi
Tho number of Sabbath schools he
been 800, with 0,000 teachers.
The number of children in attendant
has been 30,000. There have been b<
sides more than ,500 liible and catechol
cal classes.
j Particular attention lias boon paid (
the distribution of Bibles and tracts r<
ccived from the American Tract Society
and the church society.
The amount of funds received durin
the past year has been, at New Yorl
$50,284 37; at Louisville, $18,700 3i
at Pittsburer. $8,784 54: from flm Rvnr
of Ohio, *0,000.
The value of clothing received nt Louii
ville, is nboiit $3,000; nt other placcs lx
tween 8,000 and $9,000. This is distr
buted among missionaries about to stai
on foreign service.
The licv. Le Roy Davis was sentence
to be suspended from his ministerial fun<
tiona until tho Presbytery had receive
satisfactory evidence of his penitenc
The charge brought against him seeme
to be that be had not acted in subordii
, ntion to the Presbytery to which he b<
longed, and that he hud influenced man
members to leave one church to join ar
The salary of tho successor of D
*f!11 ^ i . ? ~ "
iuuiur was nxea at two thousand dollai
per annum.
The stated clerk read the narrative o
the state of religion. It is stated thi
there were 23 Synod and 122 Presbvt<
lies. Two new Presbyteries will soon fc
formed in China, one in Western Africi
and one in California.
Isthmus or Panama.?The surveyin,
nartv sent out to tha Ist Jimiis
x r "J """""
Anpinwall <fe Co., of N. York, to sclec
the best routo tor a railroad across th
Isthmus, have been dili^htlv engaged i
their labors. A lotti* published in th
Tribune Bays:
jji "The corps has been divided into foil
parties-?two for the Charge* Division
and two for the Panama Division?eacl
running distinct lines. By this orcanixa
tion, overy advantage has been taken c
the dry Reason, and although it wm lai
when tho parly arrived out, yet the result
show two separate und dintinct line* fror
the AUautic to the Pacific, nearly finish^
>vithln a little more fhnh (ivo months.
j One of the linos of tho Chagres Division
j having been completed, tV parties en|
gaged on the same were sent, a few days
> since, to seek a third line on the Panama
l Division.
> The two lines across the summit make
. tho greatest elevation some 40 feet less
>. j than previous examinations. The highi
est grade over the summit* on one lino,
1 1 will not Pvrorul 4*7 fnnt nni> mi'n ..
short tunnel; while the other line dispeni
1 scs with the tunnel, hut increases the
!' grade to 00 feot per mile.
i The total distance from Panama to the
j j Terminus on the Atlantic is 40 miles.
, There will be required only one impors
tant bridge, all the rest will be small.
I T>1,a l .1?i.i i ?
jl nv. uvaii uuu uiusb UVBIIUU1U WOOU Will DC
i obtained on the line for the superstructure.
; The surveys will be finished in four or
> five weeks, and if the same energy is exf
j ercised by the contractors Tor building the
j i road, you may expect to see it eomplej
ted in eighteen months, when I hope to
i uc oil my way home., and enjoying a
steam ride across the Isthmus."
> From the JYciu Orleans Bulletin.
The Mississippi runs through n ridge
of land formed originally by its own
deposits, which gradually declines as it
recedes from the bank3 on cither side.
This ridge, however, though higher than
- the ground further from the river, is not
high enough to keep the water within its
5 bunks in seasons of flood, and in consequence,
an embankment, or levee, is raisn
ed, tho top of which is intended to be
J Iiuuiv 111V niyiiust UOUU8. J. Ills 1CVCC, IS
(j howovcr, sometimes not substantially
0 made, or from some other defect, or being
undermined by the water, the latter
3 makes a breach or crcvassc in it, which
n though small at first, rapidly enlarges,
1 from the heavy rush of water through
it, and unless promptly checked and
_ eloscd, frequently becomes unmanagea3
ble, and impossible to bo stopped. The
n great body of water which thus flows
0 with overwhelming force through the
_ break, naturally seeks, first, the low lands
r. and swamps which exist a short distance
n back from the river, which are gradually
it 1 filled up, until the whole country above
| and below the crevasse, becomes overly
fiowe.fl. niul onnfiniKH lien (n r
r j VW IMV W C ^1 VUtUl
or less extent, as the water may be able
,r to escape and diffuso itself more or leg?
;t i freely, into channels, lakes or other outlets
that may sxiat in the rear.
The crevasse from which New Orleans
ls i* now suffering is fourteen miles above
the city by the course of the river, and
;C the break through the levee, we understand,
is to the extent of 300 feet, thro'
which the water is rushing with greal
force on an average depth of not less
,_ ! tVinn tAn foot All dm
y ....... v?.. twv. Alii HIV UVUI11I J III LIU
i. neighborhood of it, and nil the adjoining
Y plantations were soon submerged, ant
the swamp in the rear was likewise fillet
j, with water, gradually making its waj
|{ down towards the city and the swamp ir
3'. its rear, and as this latter filled, the watei
ltj ste.'idily backed up into the rear streets oi
j the city, and has kept gradually swelling
s_ | higher nml higher towards the more
j. | thickly built portions, until it has reached
\. in some places within six or seven square*
rt of the river, it being borne in mina, that
the streets are highest nearer the liver,
j and that the drainage of the city contra
ry to that of Northern towns, is from
V, I ,1 i 1~ i
g (him uut luwwriM miu river.
,, j Our distant readers will at once sot
c\ from this statement, that all idea of loss
of life from the flood (whieh appears tc
have bean so strongly impressed on theit
imaginations) is perfectly ridiculous, ns
j. the greatest rise of the water in the real
of thfl r.itv. csf.-tmn !?/>!">'
, ..W W* V..WWU/U owyil IIIVUV^
r in any twenty-four hours, and it is berg
Jioved it lias now attained its maximum
I height, and escapes by Lako Foncharn
| train as rapidly as it is supplied through
lt j the Crevasse. Indeed, during the last
, I twenty-four hours, there has been a slight
ie ?l.
1 The business portion of the city has
not been at all invaded by the water, and
n/. ^i! ?i?1 l
I IIU CA|AWUIUUI1 U1HI) it Will DP. ID iins
,f i been almost exclusively dwelling houses
, i that have been flooded, and those prinoil
pally occupied by citizens of moderate.
c circumstances, on whom the los? has
n fallen with much fevority. Great num0
l>era of them havo abandoned their
dwellings, whilst many, however, con r
tinue to occupy them under all the in
I . n willlfj RIIW Uixpjll
h water, or being conveyed to nnd fro in a
. skiff.
I A largo portion of the rear of the First,
c and (111 toe' rear of thiJ Third Munieipalf8,
ty, hiive thus far oscnped, as the Itivee
a< Of the Old Canal has prevented the wa
j j wrirom spreading in that direction, but
i great fears are enfortpiti'od'fcfcafc it. eannot
much longer resist the pressure. Should
this be the ca".e, it wiiiadd gteatly to the
extent of the calamity, and the consequent
distress, as those districts which
would in consequence be overflowed contain
a very large population.
We hope, however, for the best, and
j as the river has fallen two feet and a
Iinlf since the crevasse was opened, and
'till continues to full without advices from
above of any further rise being on the
way down, we cannot but hope, that the
efforts now making to close the crevasse,
j will be successful. If this river should
i fall two or three feet more, of which
there is every prospect, it would render
it a work of comparatively easy accomplishment.
The Boston Post, in an article on the
subjcct, gives a very clear statement of
the condition of affairs and the object of
i\ i?a k a r> * .
uiu vjuiucsi. ivt nrsi it was a war 01 races j
the outrageous demand, of Austria went
far to turn it to a national war, and some
of those who were lighting against each
other turned their common arms against
the common enemy. Austria demands
that Hungary, even to the sacrifice of its
ancient independence, shall be incorporated
into the Auptrian monarchy. Hungary
deniit ads that her independence shall
be recognized. Kossuth, Georgy, Bern
and Dembrinslii, the Hungarian commanI
ders have agreed upon the following
I terms, for which they contend:?Albany
1. The recognition of tbo kingdom of
Hungary in its ancient limits, including
Croatia, Sclavonia, and the military bounI
2. Union with Transylvania as dccidcd
' upon by the Hungarian diet at its sitting
i last year.
. uenerai amnesty for the whole ol
Austria, the immediate release of the October
prisoners, and indemnities to the
families of those who were murdered.
I 4. Transmission of the Hungarian regiments
serving in Itally and elsewhere
throughout the empire to Hungary.
. Recognition of the Hungarian con
' stilution of 1848.
, j 6. Hungary slinll remain under the
government ol a provisional executive ad .
ministration, electe J from among the diet
, until the hereditary succession shall have
; been leg.nlly restored, and the king vrhc
shall have been elected shall be erownec
| at Buda Pe.sth, and sworn to the consti
5 ! tution.
, | 7. Galicia shall stand in the samcrela
tion to the Austrian federal state as that
j in which Hungary now stands, and wil
stand under the name of the Polish king
dom of Galicia : it will, therefore be linkj
ed to A ustria only by personal union, hav
, intr its ov, n armv and its own tinnnrrs
t ; ~8. The participation of Hungary in th<
[ Austrian national do.bt shall ho dccidct
I by the Hungarian diet by majority.
, The Hungarians; who are composed o
t Magyars, Poles, French genehils, and va
r rious races, arc carrying everything be
( fore them. They have eleared their conn
f try of the enemy. But this is not th<
best of the news of their condition. Troop:
j are flocking to Kossuth's army from cv
. ery quarter. When Pesth was taken pos
session of by them, they were receivcc
| with frantic enthusiasm. Crowds of young
iti*? 11 imswutHi 10 enrol mcniseives. Utli
, cr places were eaually prompt, o&'hero i
i one spirit pervading the country ; the tw<
51 towns of Szegedin and Ketskemet sen
\ ' six thousand horsemen to the army, am
, their cavalry is the most splendid eve
. gathered, it is said.?Kossuth is more it
, need of arni3 than of men.?It is difficult
. however, to find a nloAr ncnmint nf l?i.
i strength. It was above one hundrcc
thousand, imulc up of the finest troops ir
Europe, driKtmder officers who have wel
displayed?weir skill and bravery. It it
oonstantly increasing. Their victories hav<
been great and decisive.
The next news from Hungary, now the
great Daitie ground ol Europe, will be oi
absorbing interest. Will the Magyars
be able to cope against the Russians ?
They arc well commanded, brave, united-,
i inspired by a spirit of freedom, and fighting
by their own hearth stones. If not
! able, will Prussia stand by and eee AusI
tria become Cossack ? Will thoso who
: are struggling in the same cause of nationality
see the autocrat stifle this spirit
iii Hungary will not .Austria, uftor
striking down Hungary, strike down Hie
Frnnktort Assembly and the Prussian nationality
? Weil docs the London Times
say "it is scarcely possible to overrate the
importance of these events."
Fi/c hi, Wiltninyton.'?On Saturday
vL. -i.it-w iL. xr.-.Jf
wviiuugi inu iUlU llilllliu, Ull! 1"* or HI
Carolina Lamp Black Manufacturing EsJablfcahni^nt,
to Wilmington, was destroy
I "JJLM'Jl" !L"?4 '
od by fi:e. It is said the building wty*
of wood, and therefore quickly consumed,
together with 100 barrels of Lamp Hlack
and all the fixtures. The loss is estimated
at ?5,000.?Carolinian.
From the Columbia Telegraph.
Who is Lewis Kossuth, the Recent of
Hungary, and her master spirit in these
grave days of his country?
! Kossuth was bom in 1805; his father,
of old Hungarian nobility (for what Hungarian
is not?) was very poor and sup:
ported himself as clerk to some fellownobleman.
Lewis went to'the University o'fPestli,
to study Law, in his 10th year, where
his great talents and equally great nov
erty procured him patrons, who fed and
clothed him. We first lioav of him in
public, when he at once distinguished
! himself in the opposition, as writer
1 against Austria. In 1838 he was arrest
! eu; in 1840 he founded a paper; in 1844
: -i ii *
jiu vouiuiiuiiuu uie general "JLcaguo of
Defence;" in 1847 lie was clected member
of the Diet; in 1848 he placed himself
nt the head of the Anti-Axistriari
movement, became Minister, nml i< nnw
virtual ltegent of Hungary, showing
equal military, political anu rev6tuliona.ry
sagacity. Kossuth is a consummate'
master of the sword and pen. If tho
question he to fill his hearers with enthusiasm
and to rouse his fellow-'IIungarians,
1 he can be passionate, poetic, pompous?as
the occasion may require, while there is
, perhaps no terser writer and closer re'asoner
when facts, numbers and statistics
form the substance. lie possesses a
thorough knowledge of the philosophical
and positive Law, and is master of an
l>vtnnu;.rn I 11 -
.O.V.WKV i-iw|hjuu;ui KIlU>YlUUgO. HIS
organ of speech is strong and very soho.
rous. Ilis mastery of the language fs
wonderful. IIo addresses wrfch equal effect
the Magyar in Hungarian; the Croat
! in Slavonic; the German in German; and
lately when it was necessary to fire the
Clergy for the Hungarian cause, he ad!
(l.? n 1 -f?i - n .1 ? ?- i
Iuivwvu nit ujuuu ui uiu v,utnonc rriosia
in Latin, in such a manner that thoy were
filled with patriotic urdor. life wife was
described by that executioner, Prince
! \Vindischgratz,^||^an order to the police
ttf$atciw*ior, among other things thus:
> "She is an elegant woman, of a high de''
gree of cultivation, speaking French,
* English, German, Sclavonian find Walla'
china as fluently as Hungarian."
xw^.nivii iiun lilUVCia'U 111 UCHlUUlVi
Franco find England. lie is tall, handsome
and of imposing appcaranco'; his
head is of an orontial cast.
The greatest day of Kossuth's life
was, perhaps, when in an inspired specch
he demanded of the Hungarian Diet
200,000 men and -12,000,000' guilders,
and the whole Assembly rose and exJ
claimed: "We give them!"
1 When he was informed that Russia
, was going to send an army to assist th6"
Austrinns. hp rmintlv "Tlmn T
, ..j ?
march all poland against Russia.
Lewis Kossuth seems to he the model
of a statesman in a national revolution of
a modern vast country. The difficulties
3 which he ha? to overcomo are immense;
" for never before had a patriot to unite, in
I n period oi revolution, such discordant
' elements as the Mngyi\ty German, and
? I Sclavonic populations in Hungary are;
" I yet his master mind and high soul do
s j not only seem to rule, but to rouse, im>
1 pel and inspire them nil for the samo
11 great, end. L.
r "
, Extract from the Columbia Tdcjraph.
' The steam packet ship 'Europa' nrJI
rived at Halifax on the fltn inst., having
: made a quick trip. European affairs rcJ
i mained the same ixs at last (lutes; but.
5 the conference of the two Emperors at
Warsaw bodes badly for Poland.
Commercial news not flattering?markets
fluctuating. Two days after the
' j Nihgara sailed, the demand was good for
; trnrlA nnrl ovhui'la uml fn>l
? ?%? ? jsuywc ?1 VIO
1 paid for Amoricun descriptions. Tho
business of the week from the 1 Oth to
' the 20th ult., amounted to 40 thousand
i bales, while the' imports wcn(?not lens
than 125 thriiisand bales, ncarlj- all
! American.
' The most, important item of Polni^V
intelligence!? the rumored r.nnfp.rAru>n << ?>
bo lWd it, between tho Emperors
ot^uisia and Austria, to btytnnotlior
partition. Wo decisive battle has been
j foujjhV between the. Allied Powers and
1 the Hungarians#, vlio still hold their
I titfhfttL *75^; .1.. ***
j JuumgH irom K<mKs state that the
French General had ilot yet mndn his at[
tempt to ontor Home. No other impors
1 tent moves hove b<wn Kjndc,.
A.'ffi- " '
ivr ' m i V

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