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TII F. tSTHMl'S RAILROAD.
Tl* Ncvr York Journal of Commerce calls attention to the proposed Isthmus Railroad route to the Pacific, and to the surveys recently inadc. Results of sur *ry# uius im, nnvw inu luiiuwnig uuui.' pooled facilities for a railroad, viz: Whole length from sea to sea not exceeding 40 m. Summit level, under .... 300 ft. Curvatures, withno radius less than 1,500 ft. Grade for about 20 miles, from Atlantic to Clmgres river nowhere exceeding (per mile) - ft. From Clingroa river to summit level, about 10 miles, nowhere exceeding per mile 20 ft. From summit level, for about 3 milew, nowhere exceeding per mile 50 ft. And thence descending nbout xeven miles to the Pacific. ainionais 01 sione ana iiniocr p.oununni, and of good quality, nnd nn excellent hnrlx>r at Navy Bay, p?x miles distant from Cbagres. The cost of the road will be much less than was anticipated. A million dollars, it is owned, will undoubtedly put it in opera'ion from Panama to the navigable waters, of Chagres river. This being done, the company will come at once into the receipt 01 a large revenue, nnd can take their own time, within six years, to concfnint CA/>4i/\n f Un tuMni vlinr/i ovi uv/v viiv> ov/vuvii icviu iui; |iviuu nuv.iv tho road crosses Cbngres river to Navy I3ay, the intended terminus on the Atlantic side. The excellence of Navy Day as a harbor, and also of Panama harbor; on th? icific side, is shown in a letter published*^from Lieut. Porter, of the U. S. navy, who has personally examined both. The Journal says: At the..very outset the gentlemen who undertook this matter deposited a lar^e sum of money us a pledge for the fulfil inrDt oi me unaeruiKin^. i ncn mey sent out a large and efficient corps of engineers, (o make an accurate survey of the whole line. This object has been accomplished, and it is ascertained that the route is more favorable than any one had dared to hope. No ^rado. will exceed 50 feet to the mile, while for much the greater distance (say HO miles out of 40) no grade will exceed 20 feet to the mile. Some of the grades on the Boston and Albany Railroad are 83 feet. The grantees proposes flow to distribute a portion of the stock among the public, after reserving to themselves $50, 000 and an interest in the lands as a consideration for the value of the grant, their risks and services, <fcc. For this purpose the commissioners have invited sealed np inclosing $10 on each share (of 100) subscribed. A project of such vast importance to the world, yet so cheap, will no doubt attract great attention. Mexican Protocol Difficulty Settled.?A Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia American, gives the following : "It is confidently asserted in high democratic quarters, that Mr. Buchanan has i received a letter, from Mr. Clifford, the U. S. Minister at Mexico, stating that the Mexican Congress had approved of the principles and arguments advanced by Mr. Clayton in the discussion with Senor de la Kosa. touching the matter of the Protocol, and to that extent had disapproved of the ground assumed by their representative. For the authenticity of the fact, I profess to give no better authority than the declarations of gentlemen occupying high social and political positions, and who were intimate in the councils of the late administration." [From the Jjuliimore $??.] Nvw-V awv Tinno OA We have dates here from San Jose to the 30th of April, from which we learn that over seven thousand Mexicans have left lower California for the mines. The Americans who desire engaging in mining on the Gila riuer, have been prevented by the disparity of their numbers and the constant fear of enroachments upon them by the Mexicans. Fifteen thousand stand of English muskets have been sent to the mouth of the Gila liver from Mazatlan. A rumor is prevailing, which has caused much ex citement, to the cffcct, that the Mexican government intend disputing and contesting the decision and action of our American Commissioner in relation to the boundary. The Mexicans profess to claim all the rich mines of Gila and its tributaries. The Amemcan8 and the Komanb.? | A correspondent of the tribune onnounit.-. S*et i'a ? ? - ?- a?li?a . j i we iiic luut uiiit wo\j were coiiinuuwia by the Americans in Rome towards defraying tne hospital expences of the brave Italians wounded in the endeavor to de* fend their citv from French invasion. Mr. IJrown, our Consul, contributed a han?6mc portion of this amount. The correspondent comments upon this fact as follows: "I value this mark of sympathy rooj c because of the irritation and sur prise occasioned here by Mic 'position of Mr Cogs the Bnyoy. ft is mob* ucior'VsjS^ * fr' tunate that we should have an Envoy here for the first time just to offend and disapoint the Romans. When nil the 0 other ambassadors are at Gaeta, ours is 1 in Rome, as if by his presence to discoun- 1 tenance the Republican Government, * which he does not recognize.?Mr. Cass 1 it seems, is limited not to recognize the I Government till it is sure it can be sustained." KEOWEFDoTfiUER. Saturday, July 7, 1849. With a view of accommodr' >ng our Sub- 1 scribers who live at a distance, ?hc following 1 gentlemen nre authorized and requested to i act as agent;) in receiving and forwarding SubI script ions to tlic Kcowrt Coi'Eir.n, vix: Maj. W. S. Grisiiam, at Wch Union. Edwako Hvuiieb, Esq., " llorso Shoe. P. P VrtiNrn Pin " n?rlii>li)r'ii Rr>tr<>ii(. M. F. Mitchell, Esq.. " I'ickensville. 1 J. E. IIacood, " Twelve Mile. T. J. Wf.bb, for Anderson District. FOURTH OF JULY. At the hour appointed a respectable number * of citizens (including a goodly number of the ] ! fairer |??wrt of creation) had assembled in the Court. J louse. The Society was called to order, and the Declaration of Independence read by ' J. W. Norris, Jr., after which Mr. Eaalkv was ' ' introduced to the audience, which lie enterI tained with an oration of SO minute.*, delivered in a style highly crcditablc to the Orator. ^ As wo have not room to refjort the specch entire, we propose to give to our readers the ' substance of the pawing tribute paid Mr. Polk' with which we have been kindly furnished by the author. f "Mr. Polk, that front man whoso wisdom 1 lifts done so much for the glory, prosperity nnd j power of our country. Wlio, having taught the nat ions of Europe to respect our cbaractcr, court our favor, and fear our resentment, and having added to the area of freedom the immense region* of New Mexico and California, ricli in exhaust less mines of silver nnd gold, in a salubrious climate nnd exuberant soil and * girdled by rivers and seas in whose capacious f harbors the navies of nations may ride in safe- j ty, has died in the meridian of his usefulness ^ ?in the vigor of manhood, before the prejudices of party had sufficiently subsided to do justice to his character, or to acknowledge the ' greatness and glory of his achievements. It ' whs -i mournful hour for our country when j Tolk departed, for none greater or nobler lias , he left behind. Combining the wisdom nnd j model-fttioa of W.^miKton and Jefferson with , the daring cnterprizc ol: *7li<! '.lilCCUd t?ic counsels of Senates and planned the vieto- q ties of armies: and though he sat at the helm i in a stormy time, when the ship was blown ; alxmt bv the winds of discord and tossed on . the waves of faction, he brought her safely info , LL*u ..j? !?*. ~ ,_ Jli.i. * j/vi i, JUUV II nun a ungu ui tuuum;wj utaiui. No long list of noble ancestors, by shedding a ' fictitious lustre around liis birth, opened the < road to his elevation; liko Marias, his grout 1 cl?"ds vrerr> his ancestors, and the truth of his ( heart the evidence of his nobility. By the ( force of native genius hfi rttose from obscurity to power, and side by side with the greatest of the great, has inscribed Ins name on the tablets of fame. It matters not that envy sought to s nongle, or ambition to destroy hi;n, fer long f after his petty enemies *luill have been lost <] and forgotten in the dimness of the gone by ^ time?long after the names of whig and democrat shall have ceased to be party distinctions, 11 his memory shall be ehcrished by millions of ' tV. 1 _L.1I 1 iit niicii, uiv guiucii jnu.w. un ui v miiuuiui Biiuii | * stand the imperishable monuments of his pa- il triotism, while the winds that shall blow ovor f the blue depths of the Pacific, wafting the na- v vieB of commerce to her shores, shall tell of his fame." I LAST ILLNESS OF MR. POLK. I We learn from the Nashville True Whig, q tliat Mr. i'olk's disease, of which ho lingered ^ about two weeks, wu' of a chronic naturo, i?? ?.1 ?:.v 1? " 11<??**ij$ ucvia uuuuicu wait iv muro vr n;?a tur more than 27 years, probably aggravated by ' the cholera epidemic which hat*. been raging in C that city sometime previous to his arrival.? < He bore bin Buffering with fortitude and reslg. nation. He retained his consciousness, almost to the moment of his dissolution. At a period ? when his physicians considered his case very . critical; he said he felt satisfied, that the end 1 of his earthly career, was fast approaching; r that he wished to send eomc word to his be- t loved mother, whom he understood was no un* x well, that she might not be able to como to sec j him; he spoke Most affectionately of her and ( other members of his family; he requested a friend to tell his mother, that, should they not I be permitted to meet on earth again, he had an I abiding nope, through Uivlnc mercy, tlicy fi would meet hereafter. t "Early in his sickness, wc understand, he j connectcd himself with the Methodist Episcopal Church. A furcral ?ermon was delivered by the Itev. J. B- McFcrrin, of that church, and hia remains followed to their resting place by ? large coocourg-i of citizen*.. Me was interred with Masonic ceremonies, having been a member of that fraternity. It is said ho leaves an estate valued at about one hundred thousand dollars; the greater part of which'is nettled upon his amiable lady. GEORGIA WHIG CONVENTION. A Whig Convention Bsfrembled at Milledge villo, On., on 26th ult., ami on the 2nd hullot chooic Hon. Ed war J Y. Mil, sis their enndidato for Oorerqor. 1 II " ' THE GIRLS OF BATESV1LLE. n-i... ii.., :n_ r 1 ? a :n ..uu.i.in. i 1 ilf ds^ivf *?* nj^uniu^ f the lair, lately given in that place for the K-nefit of the M. K. Church, uses the following anguage in refercncc to the young ladies of hat place: "As to our girl>s we have eomeliiug undor a legion, most of whoa' have more >urity in their nature, more music in their bou1( nore magic in their step, more grace in their nein, more woman in their form, more flowers n their fancy, more ease in their manners, nore influence in their nets and more of everyhing comely in their jwlicy, than uny circle ivithin the sphere ofour~acquaintance. The mar-ied In<lie8 nee?l not supjjosc themselves overooked, for all mu.?t know that it takes genuine Mother.*, to raise such daughters." ILLNESS OF OKN. SCOTT. Wc regret to learn (nayf the Baltimore Clip>or) from our Washington CorreBpondent, tlwt Major Gen. Scott in lying quite ill at "West point, from an attack of chronic <liarrh<ca, with which he has been troubled ever bince lis return from Mexico. Artemns Gould has been elected President ,f a. t 1. i- en n U IIIU luuviiuiiitn JHMIK U| illl^uaiu, IU UU UIC place of M". A Sibley, deceased. Col. T. L. Crittenden, who han been appointed Consul at Liverpool, wc arc informed, is on lis way to enter upon the duties of that office. CHOLERA IN PHILADELPHIA. The Cholera in Phila <-Iphia is abating 'rom the 80tl? May to 2ftrd June there were jnly 54 ca?cf?. of which 23 were fatal. RAIL ltOAD DIVIDEND. The Charleston Courier of the 28th ult, says th"! Directors of the South Carolina Hail lload Company, have declared a dividend of pi 00 per bhare, exclusive of the Bank divilend. Correspondence of the "Kcowcc Courier." Pontotoc, Miss., June lOlh, 1840. Messrs. Editors:?Before leaving "the >1(1 South State" I promised to write you, md am now Rented to jot down n few of ny observations in this quarter, as being more worthy of note than any thing I wiw in other States through which I have travelled. You perceive by my locality it this time that I have not progressed n my journey according to expectation when I left home. But the reason, I liol.l, is a very substantial one: that terrible scourge of the human race, the chol"rS, is making sad havoc of human life all ilong the valley of the Mississippi River md in Texas, and one has but poor 6CCU-iAy lUo iUiUllgtl illU IfilA IMI jliA -..1 vvwu IV^IVII. ^&1IU 11IUCUU IUU IIIIUIIU* owns arc not free from an occasional ase; but these arc generally persons who lave been infected with the contagion ilsewhere, and who get home only to die, >r who die on the road home fWnii ihe nnrkets, as New Orleans, Memphis, &c. t really touches the heart to hear the ad fate of the poor waggoners, who have alien victims on the road side to this I! i'l ?* % iirviui jK'smcnce, wiui no Kina nana near o do the ofiicea of affections in the last uelancholly scene of life, or drop a friendy tear upon the cold sod which covers a mshand or a father. Yet notwithstanding the fate of many who have gone heore them, you see the roads still plied with waggons, laden with cotton, bound or market. I was in a days ride of demphis the other day, and in coming >ack almost every waggoner I met in[uired for a waggon ahead, anxious, no loubt, to overtake his fellow-waggoner ind get company; so that if they should akc the cholera, they would not at least j uu aione. Without a grave, unkncllcd, uncoffinod and unknown." Hut although there are few bona-Jule lascs of Asiatic cholera originating in the nland country, yet there is an cpidcmic tovr pre /alcnt here which has some of he symptoms of cholera. It is a diarhcea of an inflammatory character, and n many cases proves fatal. It has creat ;a Roineiuing 01 a panic ncre, and some >ersons have left the town and gone ?o he country in consequence. Physicians ay that the same causes which produce iii? disease, would produce cholera, if wwerful enough. From this, I take it, hat this disease is nothing less than i._i : / tt- i iuuiciu in wmuuuivu lurm. j nave never mown any tiling so general, almost every ndividual feting more or less affected vith it. The face of tlu^OHHtry here presents in appearance very different from thd ipper part of South Carolina. The ;ountry is new, part of it quite broken md hilly, aitd generally covered with rcry rich vegetation. The timb# Jfl urge and tall, and islands very thick on he ground; here the farmers tag# great . M>. ' ; V difficulty in keeping their ground clear of fallen trees, Mr. H?? shewed me n white oak on his plantation near lids, that wouid measure 9 feet in diameter at its base, I observed that it was dead, as were also many others in the vicinity that wero nearly as large. Upon en % * * % % 1 quinng me cause, lie 101a me tney una been killed by a hailstorm n year or two ngo. So it seems they have hail in this country in proportion to the size of the trees. The soil here is rich, so much so that the richest bottom-growth is not unfrequently met with on the summit of the highest hills. The forms generally lie very conveniently for the purposes of tillage, but it is in some of the lower counties in the prairies, that the most i ... a i . n ucuuuuu iarms are 10 ue wen. vrujj* look badly and arc quite backward.? Farmers aro complaining a great deal about the lice eating up the cotton, nnd some say the crop will be cut short. One of the most distinctive features of this country, perhaps, is the vast quantity of sea-shells that lie scattered all over the I country, in the prairies, on the hill sides, and in the beds of water courses. How these shells ever found their way into this back country, I shall not at prcsout 1 undertake to explain. The only hypothesis, however, that is at all satisfactory in relation to them, is, that at some period of the world, this whole country must have been under the dominion of ( Neptune, and when the sea rcccded, the shells remained. There ore likewise , many petrifactions of various shapes to : be found here. The water is limestone, i ard in tho summer season is quite scarce, 1 a.s most of the streams dry up entirely, i The country is settled up by an industrious and thrifty population, a considerable portion of which arc South Carolinians. In short, this is a fine country in | nn agricultural point of view, and ono highly favorwl by nature, but cursed with a wretched system of legislation, a sketch of which I will give you in my next. In haste, yours, <fec? VIATOR. [Communicated.] RETREAT ACADEMY. I An Examination cnmc off on Thurs tiny Olid Friday, 28th and 29tL\ in?L, Exhibition on the last day. A very large audicnee was present on the occasion. The Pickens Band had been invited and were present. A bountiful pic-nic was provided in the grove, near j the Academy, by the friends of the ; school. 'The progress of the students in their several studies was liighly satis' factory to their friends. The perform J I A? . - - - 1 .1 V * uncus in nucianmuou ana in me dialogue?, excited much interest in the audience; leaving n happy impression in favor of the cause of education. The meeting was characterized by excellent order? much sociability. At the close of the exercises Rev. Mr. Mullinix, by request, delivered an address to the young men, which was appropriate and highly interesting. LIST OF SPEAKERS AMD SUBJECTS. W. T. Golcy, Riley S. Honea, F. M. Leathers, Elijah Daltou?Washington's Answer to the French Ambassador. John K. Dixon?American Independence. J. B. Johns?Public Spirit and Love of Virtue. P. S. Knnady?Military Glory. Thomas H. Hughes?Self-Conceit. H. K. iVfTV?r.f Ilnninn Mn. ? - J ~ -0?J ? "" ture. C. A. Smithson?No Excellence without Lnbor. W. D. Perry?Influence of Knowledge. D. E. Smithson?Importance of the study of History. G. W. Fullerton?Education. Jas. W. Perrv?Klrvir J. C. iKullcrion?America. Oi OIKAI,. Wv H, Hurbin?Had eft'ccts of Idleness. 8.11. Johns?Agriculture. E. R. Doyle?Mental Improvment. By order of the Trustees. E. P. VERNER, Sec'v. AnvKn-nsiNO^?It Is said qtaitc often, ir> i? J,. ?i .~_.i ~-t v.r, jh.uim<; uu nut rcao uuveniscnocms. "Every body knows what we keep.' Do thcyf Hero is a case in point. 8omo friends of ours, who pave us to undcretatid that they consider our notions on this particular subject on little better than moonshine, obstinately refused even to give us the opportunity to prove the truth or falsity of thdffe Assertiona; consequently, in the kindness of our heart, we gave them the benefit of a couple of squares, frMi rrrntia fr\r W-i ? jJ R ""VfHBkW ?JI. XJUt li 63 hspptned, whether dcMgncdJy or not wo will not any, tlia+ ia growing xip the nd. ' -*u- ' '* *' '' -? * wfii ' 'V ' vortiscmcnfc wo inserted some: arti<-l.>s \vhi<?1? WN>l'0 mtl. Illinn flwiir ulwili-na 'I'lm constant calls for these very articles became so annoying after a time, that wo were requested to suppress the advertisement. We (lid ho, of course; though we could see no reason for supposing a j>ortion of u column which no bwty reads.? Cambridge Chronicle. A Fiif.ak ok Natvbk.?A communication in the Boston Courier, from the lsite rditor in that paper states that Mr. William Carter, of Cambridge, lins a healthy and well-formed calf, having a coat of l] icvol instead of hair ! There is no perceptible difference in the appearance of the animal's hide fjom that of a sheep of the same age. Like the sheep, the face ntnl llin 1nnr*it? t*4o /\f 1 turn %uv ivnvi |/?i 10 vi mu tu u UiMVl * ed with short and not very pliant hair; the rest of the body has a covering of wool, which, to all appcaroncc, may a I lord as liberal c\ fleece as a true Saxon or Merino. New Okleaks, Juun 20-2 p. ni. The Matamoras, Texas, paper publishes a document purporting to be a Declaration of lndipendencc from the Northern states oi Sierra Madre, Mexico, and we shull probably have some stirring news from Hint quarter soon. A rumor prevails thnt upwards of 72 emigrants from Rapides, La. en route for California, had been attacked this side of the Rocky Mountains, and all, with the exception of six, had been murdered. The Concordia Intelligencer says that the cotton crop in the Mississippi valley must bo remarkably Bhort. Moxumkntto Thomab Jeffersok.-? The Charlottesville Advocate says, the Students of the University of Virginia have determined to erect a monument to Thomas Jefferson, us a token of their respect for his memory nnd their appreciation of the benefits which they have derived from his laborfl. They propose to raise the ncecssary funds by publishing a monthly periodical, to be called the "Jefferson Monument Mncrnzino " ntirl cilted by a committee of four students, one elccted by eneb of the Literary Societies, and one by the body of"'the students not conncctcd with the Society. Tub Ex-Ktico of tiif. French.?Louis Phillippc has not been talked of much lately. You have heard of his poverty and of his debts. I have now in my possession the most indisputable evidence that ho is still the richest private individunl in tlm lrnmrn 1 *? ... *? ?(*v * nvi 1U? 1113 UgCUt 111 New-York, M. Lafargc, has bought for him in houses, stocks, shares, <fee., producing an nnnual incomc of ten millions of francs. It is perfectly useless for any of hia friends to deny this fnct, perfectly well known on tho N. York Exchange.? Paris Cor. Glasgow Daily Mail. Cisoivnatti. .Turin On Our city Ktijl continues to be in n very unhealthy state, and the number of interments reported by our cemeteries, is frightfully increasing. To-day they reported one hundred and twenty-four burials for the preceding twenty-four hours. Business, of course, is littlo or nothing thought of?the transactions thftt are made, arc to sunnlv our liSimWlntn wants. Wo have had considerable rain, but the atmosphere is still oppressive. Coffee, a Disinfectant.?It nwy be well to remind the people, says the Boston Transcript, in these times, that the odor of roasting coffee is the most powerful disiiifccting agent. Take a red hot shovel, with a few kernels of coffec upon it, and it will remove entirely the most offensive odor arising from der.avintf ani | mat of vegetable matter, or from any c?ther source-a fact worth knowing where & the cholera prevails. A gentleman who has thoroughly tested this quality in coffee assures us that there is no mistake as to the virtues ascribed. Philadelphia, June 25?2 p. m. The extensive importing jewelry establishment of Messrs. Watson & liildcburn, 70 Market st., was entered between twelve and 1 o'clock yesterday, and rob ed of over two hundred gold and silver watches and some one hundred or more gold chains of various descriptions, besides anumber of diamond rings, breastpins, pencils, and other valuable jcwelloiy.? The property stolen is estimated at about 20;000. The thieves made their way into the building through ft sky-light window, and thus went down to tho atovs. Chey are yet undetected, though the polio& Kre I nil-suit . The robbery was ? bold WiA i uanng one. I Qou> Fjhii in tjJk Ili ufcos.?Tho gold fob., originally fro?a China and hitherto rhicflv known In ornAmental ponds % I or glass globo* in tfdfc count ry, fefcs Income qmto naturalised in the Hudson river, tioarNewlnmr ? .??r ?n ? wiMV|l * caught specimens from eight to tep inches long, both in the Hudson <fc Mjfljfiwjmw* eveek. Somo were placed in the hitter about ten year? ago, and they havo *o multiplied as to fwrjy stock the aijd .Ul, rh'pr in that vicinity. 1 :-v.1. . i? " } J?. I