Newspaper Page Text
?lvr ? m ' '-i?
[ TrlrrjrnphtJfor the Baltimore SKIZCKE OF AMERICAN VESSELS. Hostov, July 10?0 p. m.' loiters Ikivc been received here from ('ape Haytien, which state that the papers of tho brig Dilenus, of Boston, had been seized by order of the Haytien government, at Port au Prince. The commander of the II. S. shin Unri Inn had boon requested to interfere in (he matter of the schooner Mary Clinton, a part of whose cargo had been seized upon in n like manner, but the commander refused to act in the case at all, and sailed next day for Havana without the slightest attempt to obtain restitution. The consignees subsequently appealed to President Monloquc, who acknowledged flic injustice of the proceedings and made instant reparation. The conduct of the commander of the Karl I An is severely reprobated at Port an Prince and is justly regarded as disgraceful. The United States Navy and the Troubles of Europe.?We understand that it is the intention of the Administration at Washington to send every vessel of the navy, which can be spared, to Europe, lor the protection of our commerce and ?>f our lights 11s neutrals, and keep tliem there, as there is every necessity for it? that the Independence will sail in a day <>r two to the Mediterranean, and that she will be followed by other ships as soon as possible. This is a wise determination on the part of the Administration, and one that \vc have no doubt will be attended with the best results. The European continent, from one end to the other, is in commotion and revolution. The history of that part of the world, for the last eighteen months or two years, warns us that at any moment a war (in which all the prin1 . i . . -i \ t 1 uiuui powers nuiy ou uciors) may uiuhk out, and that, in the event of its taking place, it is essential for the United Suites to have a large and commanding naval forco on tho spot, to prevent insult to our Hag or our commerce, or to promptly resent it, in case it may he offered. It was a similar state of things that compelled tho United States to declare war against Great Britain in 1812; and it is to prevent an occurrence of a like nature that our Government is taking the course which it has determined to adopt. Wo confess, however, that we are re joiced at this action of the Administration, on another account. We would like to f$e the stars and stripes present at every point where the struggle between liberty and despotism is going on. Its appearance would nerve and strengthen tho masses in the conflict with their oppressors, while it would serve to dishearten the tyrants who have so long bud their heels on the necks of the people, and who are now playing their last card to sustain their tottering thrones. Let the American fhi?, we say, he ns prominent jls possible in Europe at this time. It can do no harm, and certainly will cause a great deal of good. If the worrit happens, our national vessels will be a refuge to the gallant men, who are now risking their lives and shedding their blood freely for the cause which our fathers espoused, and for which they fought, bled, and died, leaving behind them an example which the nations of Europe are now following.?New- York Jferald, 10th inst. 'Pl.? f~1l 1 1!-* * - j.ihiw.?x in* ivuuwiiig nxt comprises the number and character of the United States vessel in commission July 1, 1849: Mediterranean Squadron.?One razee, two frigates, one sloop of war, one first class steamer, two second class steamers, one schooner. Pacific.?One ship of the line, cr.e frigate, six sloops. Brazil.?One frigate, two sloops, one brig. Coast of Africa.?Three sloops, two brigs. -.1 W11U BlUUjl, unv Ullg. Home Squadron.?Ono frigate, three deeps, two steomcrs, cue schooner. North of Europe.?One frigate. On the Lake*.?One steamer. F6ur store-ships. Total.?()ne ship-of-the-line; one razee, six frigates, sixteen sloops of war, six steamers, four brigs, two schooners, four snore-ships- *-40. From iius Char lesion Courtis. Nkw-Om.kans, July 10?8.15, p. m. The steam ship Alabainu, from ChaffVAO *% Vtir/xl 4A '1 1 - Al- - -- io.i, uiiigu io-iiay, jiuviii^ iuii. tnurc on the 28th ult. There vrns nothing new from California). Mr. Ilossiter, bearer of dispatches from the acting Charge at Chili to Washington, was a passenger in the Alabama. Mr. Burton, lute Charge was on his way home in the sloop of war Dale. The Conservatives were out of power in Chili, and the Progressives were in the ascendant. The California excitement was still in full blast ftt Valparaiso, but had lulled considerably in Peru. The steamship California left Panama an vi? mv b-tvii w uu^ iui ?j(UI >V IllI a full ft eight of passengers, comprising nlmost.nl) those awaiting transportation nt that place. There arc but few now left on tne Isthmus, The steam ship 7'criut left Chagrcs on the 29th uU. lor England, with 775,000 dollars worth of gold on hoard. Advices from Kingston, fJarn.) to the 2d inst. were received. The Assembly met on the 28th wit. The Kingston Journal says tho Session will soon end, as the majority of the members had determined to transact no business. It rained heavily at New-Orleans on mo luin instant; aim mere was jitnc or nothing done in cotton on that day. KEOWES COURIER. Safnrdny, July 91, 1849. With a view of accommodating our Subscriber* who live at n <liHtnncc, the following gentlemen are authorized and requested to act as agent* in receiving and forwarding SubBeriptions to tho Kkowee Coi'iwkr, viz: Maj. W. S. Guihiiam, at West Union. Eowaup llvaiiE-H, Esq., ' Horse Shoe. E. P. Vkknkr, Esq., " Bachelor^ Retreat. M. F. Mitch em., Esq.. " Pickensville. J. K. JIaoooij, " Twelve Mile. T. J. Webb, for Anderson District. MR! CALHOUN'S ADDRESS. This address to tlic people of the Southern States is the reply of Mr. C. to Col. lienton. It is a very long but able document, nnd clearly refutes every chargc made against Mr. C'b. official carccr. It is one of the most severe rebukes that we have ever read, and couched in such style as makes every sentence tell with double effect. He plainly and clearly convicts Col. B. of down riglit falsehood.?exposes in glaring characters his hideous deformities? "drags the lurking ttca.son forth to light," nnd brands him hy the forco of lib reasoning as a traitor to the South. lie tells him that he passes his personalities with s ilence, and that contempt; which they, as well as their author, deserves?and that nothing, but a conscientious desire to discharge his duty as a public servant; induces hire to notice his attack?that lie has no idea of raising him to the level of a competitor?and that though Col. B. may regard him as being in his way, that he has never for a moment considered Col. B. as a rival?nnd that when he is compelled to noticc him, that he Conffratulatcs himself if he escapes without some iuCS Of aclf-rcspect. Mr. C. gives I'iJrnOtf from and appeals to public documcnto iuul statistic ui proof of his jwsitions, iuul these triumphantly Tliidicate him, and portray in vivid colon) the baseness imd falsity of Col. IVs. ch.ngcs. Indeed Uiey are bo light and flimsy, that they need but be heard tol>o refuted; and are of such a cliaracaetcr as no sone man would publish in an intelligent community. Asa sample of the entire string, we give the following: Col. 13. says, "Tliat Mr. G'ulhoun was the real outhor of the Wilmof. Proviso, and calh; it the Calhoun Proviso." Can anything be more absurbi Why every school boy who has sense to count an hundred would at oncc say that it was impossible. And yet Col. ft labors hard and long to establish the fact, and gull the Southern peo.?!? Ti.tf *1? :?i~i? t ?? *? ? *? |>*v. I^uv Jiiunviaw IliV) BJUl'U Hinpj)CU OI J1IH borrowed feathers, and the tribe to which lie truly belonged fully diweloscd. The lntter part of Mr. C's. address is devoted to the refutation of Col. BV. assertion that Congress has the power to legislato as it pleases uj>on the subject of slavery in the Territories. Mr. C. denies the power and phews conclusively that Congress cannot interfurc in tlint question without a violation of the Constitution. For if Congress has the power to abolish slavery, it has also the power to cstalvlish it, "the one being a counterpart of the other." This the most rnbid Aboiitionist will deny, and is of itself a sufficient argument to prove that Congress has no such power?all her powers aro "delegoted by each State to be exercised for the mutual benefit of each and all, and for the greater *ccuritv of the ri^ht* nn.l interests of each nnd all." Wo read this address with great pleasure and sinccrely regret that its length will prevent its publication in our columns. ABOLITION DOCUMENTS. The Lnmvnsville Hcrnhl says that "a large packet directed to the Postmaster, containing one hundred and fifty Abolition tracts, came to that office and received immediate attention by being burned upon the public square," A few of the samo sort has came to and passed throngh the l'ost Otlioe at this place. "It is time to act" indeed, and to look to the v.i|??v?vj ??? % Jittwiijr U| UIU X U?l?_ mooters. It is impossible that thc-ic packages could thus bo transmitted through the mail, unless there is some person willing to receivo and forward them in direct violation of the law, and the oath which they havo taken as Postmaster. We trust that the exampio of Laurens will l>e followed in this respect, nnd whenever a bundle of these papers does come, directed to tho Postmaster, that ho will at onc? consign them to the flames. The Charleston Courier of the 11th inst, saya that Chancellor Caldwell v^h ho much indisposed, that he hod to leave tho Court on Friday last , and that was unable to re turn to it And that his health io bo precarious, that his physician had positively forbidden hU holding an extra term of tho Court, which he had previously ordered, to dispoiio of the unfinished bUMMM. Mit*. Madison, tho widow of thu Kx-Freicidont, in, wc learn, <!ui)gcrou?ly ill; uod that no hope of hor iqcovjwy is entertained LIJ -L-LLtl1 J.l'lf. Jilt- 1 Tt ANNEXATION OF CANADA. n.w matter is seriously n]>okon of among the Canadian*, mul n large jRirtion of the people are in favor of it. On t lie 4tli inst. our flag was displayed by tlvc friends of annexation without molestation. We publish to-day a letter from f!en. Scott. |n whieh he expresses iiimself in favor of annovo ion nrwl tovw flint f \vo-tliiri]< <?f llic Amor. icon pcoplo would bo in favor cf incorporating the country with ours. Wc think tliut the hero of family's Lane is mistaken, and that he is far L? ''dvunco of tho times. Hut he may bo enabled to look into futurity, and perceive that in 1852 this will boa jiopular measure. There is no doubt that at least a portion of the North would bo ir * vor it; nnd some of presses have already af'vo . tho measure, the chief inducement being K .nablo them to enrry on moro cffiect lally tho war against our institutions. Independent of this, we can sec no reason why we should now, at the risk of a war with Grent Britain, rush to embrace a ...? n.l..nnn/va in and inct our offers of freedom in 1812 with indignution and nn army of English bayonets.? Let them extricate themselves from the difficulty with the parent Government, establish a Republic, and prove that they arc worthy of the name of freemen, and capable of appreciating their duties and responsibilities a* such, and wo will then willingly welcome them as one of the nations of the world. Not until they liave accomplished all this should our Government have might tosay or do in the premises. ATTEMPTED ADDUCTION OF SLAVES. Two slaves, the property of citizens of Leon county, F'orida, were enticed on board the brig Ocilln, under the command of Captain Trim, Ixnmd for New York, by a free negro, Ambrose Taylor, the cook of the brig. They were hidden among the cotton, but discovered before the Ocilln sailed. They were immediately turned over to one of flic Justice*, and examined. The cook of the brig was then arrested, and the testimony was such as toinducc the Justice to require bail for lus fippearancc to answer the clwrge, and in default thereof was committed to nrison. No susnicion wlmt ? r ? 1 ever is attached to the Captain or the other officers of the vessel; in fact, it is soul thnt "their whole conduct throughout was nuchas to entitle them to the respect of a Southern community. CHOLERA REMEDY EXPLODED. \Vc published tiomc time wince an account that pills of sxtJjilrar nnd charcoal, said to be discovered by Dr. Bii'd, of ^'hicngo, was a certain sj>ecitic for cholera. The Detroit Free Press publishes a letter from Dr. TerfJ, who has made a chemical examination of Dr. B's j) ills, and states that the said pills contain n cuiiMiu'iiiuiu jiviiiou tn iiiorpmnc or one oi IW salts. He liciiicH that simple charcoal and sulphur is capablc of producing such effect upon the system, n-s these pills cause. If such be a fact, Dr. Pird instead of receiving public gratitude for hia allcdged d:*-;overy, should be denounced. ILLNESS OF MR. CLAY. It wnfi rumored that tliis distinguishe*! statesman had died of cholcra; but a telegraphic dispatch to Pultimoje dated 7th in-t., says it A If- ni -? * r r - - imil mr. *jiay wnH convalescent, and tliat Iub physician had pronounced him out of danger. The Lexington (Ky.) Observer of the 4th inst^, denies that Mr. Clay has ever had the cholera, and says that Mr. C. and his lady wero both slightly indisposed, but tluit both had entirely recovered. As tlus corresponds nearly with the date of the first tlispatch announcing Mr. C'?, sickness of cholera, it must liave been the cause of the report; and wo nro inclined to the belief that this is the only sickness with which Mr. 0. has been afflicted. THE SUB-TREASURY Tho New York Express s?y? that up to the 10th ult?, one hundred and forty-six million six htin/lrtfwl nrwl uiirtw-oAM"" * I. ? ? .1 u? i?? 1 ....M ?.?vj avTvu Uiuinmiu, IIUI1" drcd and thirty four dollars had passed through the bands of tlic Sub-Treasurer, without tho loftn of a ccnt to tho Government. This of iUelf i* conclusive evidcnco of its efficacy an a fiscal agent. COLON EL JACK HAYS. A rumor went the rounds of tho papers some timo einco that this gallant Texlan was dead. Hut tho New Orleans Picayune denies the roport and soya tluxt Col. llays is etill living and i enjoying good health. Col. Hays was tho j commander of th? Te*n? Mounted Rifles, who performed such effective service in ho recent Mexican war. IIOVOU TO AN AMERICAN CITIZEN. Tho Degree of Doctor of Civil Law was conferred on the 20th June last, by the Oxford University, upon the Hon. George Bancroft, our Minister to tho Court of St. James. RESPITED, W? loam from the Carolinian that .James Brown, who was to have been exec u tod o*t Friday tho 13th inst., has been respited until tho last Friday in August. Brown is said still to be suffering from his fractured limb. HUNGARY APPEALS TO FRANCE. The Minister of tho Hungarian Government ?t Farm, Iiiih addressed tho French Minister of Foreign Affairs asking aid for liis devoted country. Ho irfledgcs that tlio policy of the Kjnperoi Micholua is enmity against ull civilised pcopis, and consequently against Franco. And that hi* present alliance with Austria | against the Hungarians is hut to rmi" ! ?> , Ktinicct to hhrwclf, the better to onrry out hi* | policy. J GOV. SEABROOK, I ( Is now iii Columbia, having readied that j ( place on Wednesday the 11th inst. All coin- ( munioatioin for the Executive Department > must l)c addressed to liiin there. | s Wo lenrn from the Charleston Mercury that ' s it is tho intention of the Governor to attend 1 I the Hegimcntal Reviews an Anderson, Pickens I and Greenville, and that lie will then visit such < other flections as business or the collcction of information may reqniro. A BREST OF THE SUPPOSED JOHN 1 BISHOP. On yosterday a man colling himself Miles Callahan, was brought to this placc * and committed tf Jail. lie was arrested by Capt. L, N. Romnp, Capt. O. E, Uaiitox, and Washington Nicoi., in Green- 1 ... ~ .... t vine uistnet, at Henry iJnrhys' about)* eleven miles North of Grcenvill C. H., under suspicious circumstances, being fomid in the garret of a new house, upon which he was al work for Mr. Darby Those who saw John Bishop when he was passing through this District on the 28th of April last, the time when he made his r?a/?ntw? env So 4 tn?j vaato JO VUV iUUUHVUl O UUII < op; who, with Wm Young passed the ' counterfeit money to Col Norton. Fou tiib "Kkowee Courier.'! j (CIRCULAR.) Fellow Citizens:? In accordance with a promise made to ' mnny of you, I will now attempt to give a synopsis of that information after which I have been for some time seeking. And here allow mo at once to acknowledge ^ my deep obligations to you for the kindness you extended to me whilst thus engaged. No District could treat its Marshall with more consideration than Pick- 1 ens has extended to hers. As an instance, among many others, of the liberal liospijniw.. ?.. T i .?? umuy vi iw1 a,iu/.v:iip, x 111?iv in: purillUlCtt to say, that fifty cents will cover the whole travelling expenses incurred by me during a canvass of near 4 months duration. The number of white inhabitants of the District is 12,788, on increase of 1,453 since 1830. I have also been kindly furnished by the Tax Collector with Ihc following statistics: The District pays taxes for 3,832 slaves, for 42 free people of colour; for land of first quality 1 0,470 acres, of second do. 63,815, of third do. 500,270?total, 582,555 flcrc3. W. G. MULLINAX, Marshall for Pickens District. Georgetown, July 11. Fire.?On the morning of the 5th inst., at about 1 o'clock in the morning, we were visited with quite a conflagration, burning down one-half of the business ] part of the town. Eighteen stores in all were destroyed, in that portion of the town where no fire has occurred, since that of the revolutionary war when the 1 i ? "? * - - - nmlsn ucsiroyca n large portion of the toSvn by fire.?Observer. LETTER FROM GEN. SCOTT ON TIIE ANNEXATION OF CANADA. 1 Wjwt Point, June 20, 1840. My Dear Sir: The news from the Parliament of Great Britain, this morning : must, I think, increase the discontent of our neighbors on the other side of tho St. Lawrence and the Lakes not a little; and 1 v^ai those discontents will, in a few years ; lca<i to a seperation of the Canadas, New Brumwick, <fcc., Arc. from the mother country, seems equally probable. AVill these provinces form themselves into an independent nation, or seek a connexion with our Union? f think the probability is greatly in favor of the latter. In my judgment the interest of both sides would be promoted by anexntion? the several Provinces coming into the Union on equal terms with our present thirty States.' The free navigation of the St. Lawrence is already of imTitituu* 5i?-1 portancc to perhaps n third of our present population, and #6uld be of great value to the remainder. Aftor annexation, two Revcnuo Cotters, below Quehoc, would givo us a betief seoui-ity ngninst smuggling than 30,000 <to8t<>m house employees, strong along the line thnt Bcpnratcs us from the British possessions on our Continent. 1 anr. well acquainted with that lino, and know a arrcat. den! of the intortata | und diameter of the Provincials. Though opposed to incwporatng with Us any district densely peopled \vith tho M?x?enn race, I should be most happy to frat r- 1 nice with our Northern ami North-Kaatcrn neighbors. What may be the views of our Executive government on tho subject I know absolutely nothing; but 1 think I canflfct ei;r in saying that two-thirds of our neo plo would rejoice nfc the hioorporntlon, nnd tlio other tMnNodn'perceive Its benefit*. Of coittse, Is nrsi opposed to any u?* I ?Hi '1 - JL-'l^LL! ? lerhamled measures, oil our pail, in favor >f the measure, or any other act of bad aith towards Groat jjritain. Her goo<l vill, in my view of tlio matter, is only iccond to that of the Provincials themselves, and that the former would soon follow the latter?considering the present temper and condition of Christendom? :annot be doubted. The foregoing views I have long been n the habit of expressing in convcrsn ion, I give them to you tor what they nay be worth. Faithfully yours, Winkikld Scorr. rili: REPEAL OF TIIK NAVIGATION LAWS. The repeal of the celebrated navigation aws of (xreat Britain, we think, cannot ail to exert a most favorable influence ipon the commercial and agricultural inerests of tho United States. Our trade , n ngricultmtil products, now comparatively large, is destined to bo greatly augmented by this recent measure of the British Parliament. Such conseoucnces ire anticipated by many of the leading [British presses. The Liverpool Times, m onnonent. of the ve.nenl nf tho. nnviirn lion laws, has the following remarks up>n this subject. It says: In 1840 was imported into Liverpool? mind. Liverpool only?10,000 tiorces beef ?vaW COO,000. In the same year w? imported in Liverpool 23,800 lwirrels of Pork?value ?80,000. This gives an importation into Liverpool, from Ireland, in the year mentioned, of produce to the amount of . 140,000. Look at the differcnc... In 1848 there was scarcely any beef imported from Irc1:111(1 Tn IfliA llinrn wni-n /?>1? 1 'AA ... vmviv 1IVIV viilj W;IVV barrels of pork imported from Ireland into Liverpool?value about . 12,050. Into London the value of these articles in 1840 was four or five times as much as the value imported into Liverpool. That is, in 1840, nearly ?700,000 of beef and pork. All this is gone. The United States send us what ruined Ireland cannot send. Amoricn is our shambles?she sends us manufactured flour?she is our orchard? she will be our poUitoc garden; and sho will continue to be so as long as we have a national debt, and nearly ?30,000,000 to pay annually to the national creditor. At the time wo have alluded to, America sent no provisions to this country. Iro land being ruined by the Peel policy arid Whig misrule, we draw oertain supplies from the United States. What wo subjoin is nothing to what wo shall hereafter disclose; but wo proceed by exhibiting samples: There were imported into Livorpool, for the week ended the 6th June, the following articles: 865 barrels of pork. 200 hogsheads of pork. 800 do. and lx>xes of bacon. vn -l - - e _* i a jjv uu. ui pigs ncaas, <yc. 300 barrels of lard. This is nothing to w h at is coming, which wo shall ?numerate by and by. Of cereal produce we have the following in one week, fur thy ? ended Oth June; 10,145 bags Indian corn. 20,713 bushels do. do. 3,229 barrels of flour. 2,129 sacks of do, 8,420 quartorsof wheat. 1,020 do. of beans. 2,400 bushels of oats. Did vrc say that America is our granary and our potato garden ? It is true for the present. It will fee so till the great change comes. We have given a weekly return only. The yearly one will astonish. We would, in charity/advise the Whig landlords to sell their estates without delay and emigrate; for as hurc as the sun shines, there will be a fe4irfuJjrec^ ^ The Boundary Line between the United States and Canada, run in accordwwe with tho Ashburton treaty, coot the labor of 300 men 18 months. For 300 miles a jMith was cut through the forest, 30 feet wide, and cleared of all trees. At tho end of every mile is u east iron pillar, painted whito, square, four feet out of tho groun, seven inchos s<^uar? at the bottom, nnd four at the top, with raised letters on its sides* naming too Commissioners who run tho line, and tho date. A Mr. Millei, residing near H^r v Ulii u t ?hU? hod !l prOuigOUn j'liefiC fif luck, on Monday morning last his wife was obliging enough to give birth to fine boys, oil of whom?the Philadelphia Ledger says?"are alive and doing well." What make# the caso singular, or rathor phtrui is, that she produced twins on one occa-. sion, and a trio OfPftnothei, making altogether,?with the last qqnsJgnraont, ^ei> ohildmi in fovtrycars, Okk \ r Jo w.ihat * If we had such a wife we would exclaim ? with the nfflictod Mlerjtc?your trumpet, QabriaK*Ivm ready rto gofr-. Tlic Indian Corn Shipment# of J unc last, fron? thfci country, actually exceed thoso of tbo Sumo month in 1847, the great ftnsii ino year by 660,480 bushel*?tho total being,1,28V,360 for Jaot month. It i? likely that tho shipment# of thia SitocIo may even' yet go on to incl^c, pritph* ' ft