OCR Interpretation

Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, August 18, 1849, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026912/1849-08-18/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

-J I ! I! JLlllll
Saturday, A lift. 18, 1849.
With a riew of accommodating our Subscribers
who live at a distance, the following
gentlemen arc authorized and requested to I
act as agents in receiving and forwarding Sub- '
Kcriptions to tho Keowek Cou&ikb, viz:
Maj. W. S. Ghisiiam, at West Union.
IRdvard Ik'aiiw. Esa.. " HorseShoe.
E. P. Vkrnfb, Esq., " Bachelor's Retreat.
M. 1'. Mitchell, Esq.. " Fickensville.
J. E. JIacood, " Twelve Mile.
T. J. Wjcm, for Anderson District
"A little reflection" no far from having satisfied
the Courier, that there is no difference between
the resolutions of the democrats and
and whiga of Iowa published, and upon which
we commented in our issue of the 4th inst, j
has but confirmed our first impressions. Wo j
hare constantly advocated that all party tics
should be obliterated by the question of Slave. I
ry, and in our own State, we have the pleasure
to know that such is the case, and that we pre- j
?ent an undivided front to our enemies. We I
would not have it otherwise, and the Courier j
has never attempted to dissever this union.? j
But while we advocatc, irrespective of a blind !
adherence to party obligations, Southern
rights, interests, and prosperity, we are not so i
t... i
niiaiuttvcu iu) w ivjuti hu Hiijr uccnubc nu m?iy |
live North of Mason ? Dixon's line, nor because
ho may vote with us from what we conccivo I
to ho false reasons. Correct conclusions may
he deduced from false premises, and this is the
case in tho resolutions of the democrats of
Iowa: tbey say, "that the Territories of Cali- '
fomia and New Mexico come to us free ami
are '.ow free," therefore it is "inexpedient and
improper to add to the further distraction of j
the public mind by demanding in tho name of
the Wilmot Proviso, what is already secured 1
t\.~ 1. it- - i j ii ?t .1
w mjj uiv m?o ui 11 iu mini. jliow wc are.not
quite bo ignorant of tho pollticaof the day as
to sanction their reasoning, or admit thin doctrine,
though wc may approve in come degree
their conclusion. It could not expccted that
this State should occupy the same ground with 1
ouriclves, yet we maintain that it will be a
source of grateful joy to every patriot, to seo ;
a portion of the North bIiow her unwillingness
to distract the peace and quiet of the Union, j
The whiga of the name State have manifested
a spirit of hostility to the South in its full extent;
and how any oue who has rend the resolutions
of the two parties can come to the con- !
elusion that thcro is no difference between
them, is more than we can tell. Let the whigs
peak for themselves:
"liesolvtd, That we are opposed to the j
extension of slavery into the Territory
now free, and that we believe it to be the i
duty of the Federal Government to re- j
lieve itself of the responsibility of that !
institution whenever it has the Constitu- |
tionnl authority to do so, and that the
legislation necessary to effect these objects
should be adopted."
Ih there a difference? The clnniorrnto .
''it id expedient anil improper" to pass the
Wilmot Proviso?the whigs, that it is tho duty
of the Government to relievo itself of the responsibility
of slavery whenever it has the constitutional
authority to do bo, and that such
legislation should bo adopted. In other words
the whigs say that Congress should abolish
slavery not only in the Territories, but wherever
it has jurisdiction. And when our readers
recollect, that an attempt was made during
the last sessiou of that body to abolish si*very
in all such places as forts, navy yard*, Ac., even
though situate in slaveholding States, the vast
difference between the two positions may be
readily perceived. Wo look to the conclusion
of the democrats, and the probable results of
it, deeming that it is of small moment to us
from what reason a vote may be cast against
the Proviso; and regarding the defeat of that
measure as the great disideratum. Now what
is the inference to be deduced from the two
positions before us; that the democrats will
vote fcgkaiial tiio Proviso, thongh for false reasons,
and that the wbigs will advocate its application
not only to the Territories, but even to
II 1 " '*
micic v^uugrcHH nasino jurisdiction.
Tet we are told that there is no ditfereace between
the positions. A. votes against the Pro
viso, because it is unconstitutional?B., because
it violates the Missouri Compromise?C., because
it is "inexpedient and improper." Shall
we exclude 0. because he arrives at the same
conclusion from different reasons? This would i
certainly be bad policy. Defeat the Wilmot
Proviso by such votes, if we can; and then it
" U bb our folly, if Wo j><uuul iLeir false reasoning
to keep us from removing to these Territories
with our property. And when they
have a sufficient population, these Territories
will apply for admission as Btates, deciding
the question of slavery by the voice of the people.
This is all wo ask. But to put doubt be
yonu tbo question, we give a short extract from
tf>? address adopted by the democrat*, and
which we regard as sufficient on this head:
"We bold that tho very spirit in which
the Constitution was adopted must ever
be regarded by the true patriot as composing,
to ail intenta and purposes, a
component part of that instrument, so
far as the general domestic policy of the
nation is concerned; and that any proposition
inconsistent therewith is as direct ,
an assuult upon theinte^rity of tho Union
aa if aimed at the plninedtforovisionft
of the instrument itself. viewing the
question in this light, me have at nil
timea, as a party, set sur faces against
the fanatfcrtl and unwa*rantaf4* attacks
of the Northern Abolitionists upon the
feelings of tho people of the South, and
opjK>sed their every attempt at unjust
at unconstitutional interference. Wo
would oppose, with equal Seal and firmness,
any attempt on tho part of the Sonth
to interfere with the domestic policy of
the North; and for the same reason, wk
oo for the Union and tub CoNSTiTftion,
and for the rights, the just interests,
and the equal protection of all sections
of tiie countrv, and for the non-interference
of each in the affairs of the
The ill legation that we have done Gen. Cass
injustice by stating that Iho democrats of Iowa
had adopted his principle of non interference,
we think ufliciently answered by the above?
they arc opposed to the pas -age of the Wilinot !
Proviso, on different grounds from Gen. Cass to
bo sure, but wo repent with their reasom wc ^
have nothing to do. "Wc would simply add
that we have the pleasure to know that we
gave justiee to this Statesman long anterior to
our friend of the Mtstcnger.
Confining ourselves to the point at issue, we
have given our reasons both for the "commendatory"
and the "condemnatory" part of our
article, and now leave the question to our intelligent
reador, passing in silence the recommendation
vf the Mtstcnycr, and the points
foreign to the issue,
An article under this head appeared in the
New York Ilerald of August -1th, which is too
long to copy in detail; but as wo arc satisfied
no subject would afford more general interest
to the community, than the state of the crops
throughout the country, we subjoin a briefsynopsys
for the information of our readers:
Tn nu:? ? *?. .1 ?: r
All V/JIIU, ? 4111 l^JU L'^upuuu UI 11 low (Uftincie,
the whcnt crop has entirely failed; early in the
spring accounts were favorable and bountiful
crops were anticipated, but the fly, the army
worm; and the rust combined proved fatal to
grain. iUmy of the Ohio farmers have abuii. j
doncd the cultivation of wheat for that of corn |
and tobacco, both of which crops promise :
?n abundant yield for tho present season. The j
raising of sheep for wool is also engaging tho j
attention of farmers, and promises toboAncdf !
the greatest resources: two counties alone
shewing a ^Ipduct of 000,000 pounds,
last spring shearing.
In Indiana and IllinoiH, the soil being like !
that ef Ohio, a similar combination of,TOty?e?i j
has blasted the prospect# of the agriculturalist i
The agriculturists of Kentucky and
souri direct their attention to the production of
hemp and flax, of which the yield of the present
crop, it ia said, will be very largo.
"In the Eastern and Middle States where
wheat nnd corn are the chief product*, i
the harvcest of the former grain lias been
an abundant one, and (he husbandman
will receive the labor of his own hands.
In 110 single State from Maine to North
Carolina and westward to the Mississippi,
save those above referred to,has the wheat j
crop proved a failure. The account from |
the corn crops are cheering, though the
protracted drought of July has undoubtedly
tended to injur< them. The anticipations
of the farmer are yet buoyant. Vermont,
Massachusetts and New Hampshire
have suffered more thrn any other
States for rain, and the consequence is an
almost total failure of the hay crop, not
the least important in th;?t region."
In Virginia, more than a < avorago wheat
crop has been harvested, and the corn and tobacco
crops promise well.
In Georgia tlie cotton crop, which Buffered
much from the April fronts will fall far short
of an average one.
Alabama ami Mississippi, tlio principal cotton
growing States of tho Union, present poor
prospects of a crop, owing to the spring frosts
and inundation by the overflow of rivers.
In Louisiana the crope of sugar cano will
not be nn average one, tliough m Texas, where
it has l>ecn .. iltivated but a few years, tho
?rt> more favorable.
In Florida the canc crops for tliis year are
most flattering, although the tropical fruits
grown there Buffered soverely from tho lateness
of tho spriag.
The conclusion deducible from the above
statement of facts, is that that a fair average
crop, excopt in cotton nnd su nr cane, will be
realized throughout the United States, for if
the corn has not been more seriously inja ^d
by the lato excessive rains, than wo suppose
there is ?very probability the c-^p will be
vary large; and those States that .iavo made
good wheat orops, will more than supply tho
deficiency of those States whore tho crop has
"W-e acknowledge our obligations to Onpt.
McFnll for a plug of very fine chewing tobac
co. We regard it tlie l> Ht ppccimen of a "good
nrticle"' that has boen .offered for sale in "these
tHggiu?" in m<M?y A day, and TOArtmninnd >a)l
thoee, who have a ?f<?idne??t for the weed in its
most perfect stAte.to oall at the store of Onpt.
? li M/.W0II nkovo it ?o.. U,. K-.l -I -
v a.?v* mm, tt m*'? v ?v viwi wv ?mu jj J qr
Wc learn from the Charleston Courier of Uto
40th iiwt, that the water bearing xtrntuni has
been pawed, but without procuring the expected
supply of water. With Mr. Holmos
however, we still liopo tliAthy "a continuation
of tho worV, Romo water-fix?Wing Attaium may
yet be reached that will yield the dcHtrcdelomont
in purity and profusion."
plaiit talk.
Khere seems to bo little doubt but that a
largo portion of the North cither think thattho
South is jesting an to the position assumed on
tlio qocstion of Slavery, or that wo aro so
chicken-hearted that a few blasts from their
gum will drive us to submission. They will
find tliat thevju-ocirretfiouslv mistaken in either
case, but wo fear that knowledge will come
too late. Read this which we clip from the
Daily WinCim*in:
"Should the next Oongross pass the
Territorial bills, as we think that It will,
with Jefferson's memorable Ordinance?
and shoidd the Hotspurs of Virginia and
South Carolina attempt to resist that
law, the President will have to order n
few regiments of the volunteer companies,
or of the U. States Troops, to
Charleston and Richmond, and, if need
be, to scire or shoot the traitors, We
have no doubt that the public opinion,
not merely of th6 Union, but of Virginia
and South Carolina, would sustain this
decisive action.
lie is sadly mistaken as to public sentiment
in the South; never wero people more united
or more determined, as the sequel will prove.
But if our Northern friends desire to carry
matters to the extreme, they will find that the
South is not oniy prepared, but willing to de
fend her right* and institutions. We have
planted ourselves on the platform of the Constitution,
and by it are resolved to live or die.
We extract tlio following observations, on
the subject of the late mail failures, from the
Carolinian: and take this occasion also, to say
uiui mere imvc ixiun guvurui recent, niiiures 01
the mail on eomc part of the line from Charleston
to this j)lnco, but wo are not informed
whether these failures have been the result of
high waters or from other caiujos:
"We have not passed unobserved tho
silence of whig find affiliated presses on
the numerous mail failures since Mr.
Postmaster General Collamor has boon
head of that Important department.?
The Picayune is forced by a correspondent
into a reluctant exhibit of the failures
of the great Southern mail for the
month of July, which shows the follow
ing results ior me ai nays, viz:
"Failures.?1, 4, 6, 1, 13,14,19,'
20, 27, 28, 20, nnd 30th. There you j
have 13 mail failures for the summer '
month of July, and in the last instance
IJive days in succession / As they say of
-big cabbages, "that's hard to beat."
A removal from the Post Office at Shenandoah
of a democrat, and the appointment of a
new Postmaster who cannot l>e found, has
plaecd the good people in a pretty fix. And
Mr. Miller, in despite of Fit* llenry Warren,
has to hold on until he can find some whiir to !
to put intu the oflicc who can be found.
"We would be glad to learn whether !
the new postmaster for the Edirburg !
post office in Shenandoah has been
found."?Staunton Vindicator.
"lie has not. We learn that the new
commission is addressed to a Mr. Miltonberger,
a somebody not to be found j
anywhere in the neighborhood of Edin- |
lmvcr. TliP fnrmor nrist master Mr Mil. I
lcr, v ho is a good tfcmocrat and an accommodating
gentleman, has kindly consented
to taue care of the office until
Kite Warren finds a whig who is willing
to take it."?Rockingham Register.
The Hnvnnnnh Georgian of the 19th hist,
says the mail of ycBterday brought no nddi
tional account* of Indian massacrees. Wo
find, however, tlmt the excitement among the
frontier settlement still continuos to prevail,
and all, who have had an opportunity, have
left for more secure quartern?that the ferries
on the route to Tampa from Ocala have been
abandoned, and that the necessary consequence
will be a delay in roceiving information.
"The whitca and Indiana can no longer livo
| together iu peace and security. Whatever
! other treaties may have been temporarily
I mac\e by the ofilccrs of the Government, it k
! useless to insist upon them. Tiiat of Payne's
I Landing will be carried out in tiie removal of
the Indians from the State."
It feas been currently rumored lately that
this gentleman, whose head quarters were at
San Francisco, and to whose inhabitants he
becamc very odious, was compelled to seek
protection from their indignation, by getting
on board some vessel. Wo arc gratified, however,
in being able to state, tliat the Picayune
learns from ?ood authority, that the stories of
Gen. Smith having to go on board a vessel, iu
consequence of a difficulty with the residents,
in all false?that tho General in well, univorsally
renpectcd and very popular, llo had
moved hit< head-quarters from San Francisco
to Souoro about seventy in'U>? distaut.
A Railroad Convention was hoTd in Macon,
(Ga.,lr. ft weelc, for the purpose of deliberating
u|x>u tlie propriety of connecting tho Atlantic
coast by meauu of a juncture with tho Georgia
Railroad Two routes wero fixod upon by the
u? invention, nnd it^ouvi Uiat Uio great difticulty
wo*, which onywould bo mo#t available'
The ono favor oil by thn M*con delegation and
finally agreed on by the Convention, is known
on &? ujiptr route, and contemplate* a conntctio
? between Macon and a point on tho
Georgia IUilroad West of tho Oconoo river,
between the town of Madison anil tho river.
Books of subecrijrtion for tho upper routo are
to be opened immediately. Thf Convention
adjourned to meet at Augusta in September
The Legislature of Virginia, now in session
at Fauquier Springs, gave a splendid supper to
Klu-ooil Kislx?r llin <infni<l<>r of Soul )n>rn
right*, on the 80th ult. The Enquirer nays the
occasion "was marked with ono feature of jhjculiar
gratification?the solemn ami united reprobation,
by men of all parties, of the mad
scheme i of the enemies of the South nml the
spontaneous and unanimous outpou...ig of a
firm resolve to do thoir duty to the South at
the present interesting crisis*." Well done for
the good "Old Dominion"?stand firm, and if
the "tug of war" mutt come, South Carolina
will Ixj found side by side, with shoulder to
Bhoulder with the defenders of Southren rights.
Tlio Cambridge (Ma.) Chronicle lias hoisted
the names of J. J. Crittenden, of Kenlncky,
mid Willium F. Johnson, of Pennsylvania, for
President and Vice President in 1869, subjcct
to t'.io decision of a National Convention.
For the "Keowke Col'RIEU."
Shortly after the Revolution, a treaty
itroo i /ln/1 n f HnAMftn -
it ik) wnviuuvu nv v mv wuiivv w. ??*
twcen our people nnd the Cherokces.
These Indians, as was their want on such
occasions, had collectcd in great numbers
to watch the progress of the treaty, when
tne negotiations had nearly been broken
off and hostilities renewed, by the ocourrenoe
of ono of thoso scenes of summary
revenge so common in those troubled
About noon of the sixth day, after the
chiefs and commissioners had met, a single
horseman, whose long grey hair, falling
in loose disorder about his shoulders,
nnd whose pale haggard face and blood
shot eyes combined with his manly and
almost vouthful form, to give him more
the appearance of a phantom Knight of
old romanco than that of a being of flesh
and blood, was seon making his way slowly
among the Indians, passing from group
to group and gazing into every countenance
with a wild, eager look that startled
the stoutest warriors and sent a chill to
the bravest hearts, At length he paused
near a group seated on a log drinking
rum and smokieg tobacco, and as his
rvlntinn fill) nn I*??/* 4
uiuitvv &v?u vu tuv; |Miii\yi|/(ii ii^uii; niui
his frame trembled and his pale face lit
up with a grim and gastly smile grow,
'twus said, like the awful conception of
death personified. But this continued
only for a moment, for In the next the keen
crack of his rifle startled the car, and
a chieftain lay in mortal agonies, then a
solitary laugh was heard mingling strangely
with the groans of the dying man, a
cruel mocking laugh, and the stranger
wnn Ivnitiilimy rnr?i/lUr nn-mr
...B -~| j ......j.
Instantly the war-whoop rang from
hill to hill and a thousand warriors were
following his track ; onward they drove
pursuers and pursued, and when in the
madning chase, they drew near the mountain
stream, which here with a deep and
rapid current rushes along between precipitous
and rocky hunks, the yells of the
savages grew louder and more terrible*
for now, imagining escape impossible,
j they began to enjoy the sweets of antici
*,wl ?*>..4 il- T?:.l J- r
|mwu juvcug*;. j>hi. tut; tviui'.r rout) iuiir- |
loBsly on and dashing boldly up to the
hiink with one bound of his nobic steed
cleared the dangeroHS pass. Then again
was heard that hollow unearthly laugh,
and as tlie strange man disappeared in the
trackless wilderness, one wild terrific yell
of baffled rage burst from the savages,
rang through the woods, echoed in the
hollow passes of the mountains, was answered
bv ihfl seronm r?f thu pnrrlo find
the low bowlings of the startled wolf and
all was still.
The Rider was never heard of more,
and men conjectured be perished in the
chase that day ; in after times, they told
strange tales of his suffering life, how its
morning arose in the beauty of hope, and
how sorrows obscured its promising day,
?... mL..A A J.% i r
nt* uiu Hiiiitn out uie Runocuinif irum
the flowers nr.J leaves them alone i- the
darkness, to weep and to die.
'Twas told, that fur from the settlement
he had years before, with his loving wife
and infant child, made his home in a soeluded
vale; his b)other, a youth of sixteen,
was nn inmate of his cot. They
were strangers twas said in a strange land,
and never left their quiet homo, but there
where the prim-roses blossomed and the
wild birds sang they lived loved alorve.
and hoped sido by side to sleep in peace,
when death had made their rest eternal 1
But in an evil hour a band of pitiless savages
stole into this home of lovo and with r
ruthless hand laid all its eden desolate.
The brothers were surprised while lahorinir
in llift fiflds nnd rnrrinil nwnv onn.
o - / ~*t'~
tivc beyond the mountains. Th^y Buffered
greatly, in their ])ainful march, from
the cruelty of a gigantic bravo, the lead.
er of tho band; and when having arrived
at his village, his followers would have
adopted them as sons and brothers into
their families, he ordered them to bo
burnt for the amusement of his women.
The youngest was to suffer first, and tho I
elder saw the brave and generous youth
bound to a stake, round which faggots
were heaped, and slowly roasted to death;
was compelled to listen to his moans and
cries, to watch the horrid contortions of
his consuming body and to hear the yells
of delight that hurst from the exulting l
savages as the human flesh burnt nnd
crackled in the flumes. 'Twos thought
that the brother who was compelled to
look and to listen suffered more than ho
who writhed in the flames?the desire to
snvft without thn nnwfir to movn n finnrnr
in defence?the horrid necessity of sight
and sound racked with a thousand inadning
feelings so that he cursed and gnashed
his teeth and called on heaven for help,
but no help came, and then at evening,
when the mournful winds stole from the
melancholly woods and lifting the ashes
of the dead bore them gently away, the
flowing hair that love *>ad kissed, dark as
the ravens wing, straggled loosly and grey
as if bloaohod by the winter of years ; and
it was more mournful to gaze on the living
wreck tl)?n to think on the fate of the
lie too had beon condemned to the
same fate, and now he longed for the
hour to come that should release him
fi-om the horrible recollection of what he
had seen, but in the stillness of the night
when the Indians slept, his hands were
loosed find a gentle voico, like the voice of
woman, whispered the name of his wife
and child, nnd then with tho memory of
home came tho desire to live, nnd he escaped
;n*o the wild woods, naked nnd
unarmed to find his way to the distant
settlement, or to perish of hunger nnd
cold in the trackless forrests.
All night long, bleeding and torn, ho
toiled on his weary way, venomous roptiles
hissed beneat'u his feet { the panther
glared fiercely at him as he passed close
to her lair, often he heard the wild-cats
scream or saw the rolling of flory eyes as
the mountain wolves gaunt and grim and
terrible howled in hunger around him.
For days he wandered on, gradunlly
growing weaker and more weak as hope
sank in his lieart; ?t times, overcomo by
despair, ho would lio down to die in the
lonesome woods, but then the thought of
his happy homo would steal on his soul
and the foims of wife and child would riso
up before him blessing him with loving
smiles and filling with gladness his broken
heart, and again he would wander on ;
but, alas! reason directed no longer his
tottering steps, for the fevor of hunger
and exhaustion fiered his blood and burnt
in; his brain, and in its strange delusion
ho could feel warm kisses on his cheek,
and hear soft voices that he knew to bo
the voices of home, nnd they would
breathe into his ear, low and sweet and
spirit-like, the music of hopo and peace,
as the savage shout would again burst upon
him nnd he could seo his brothers face.
distorted nnd black nnd burnt, mining
from the flames. At length the shifting
scenes brought him once moro to tho
threshold of his home, his gentle wife
with the infant on her bosom oame as c f
yoro to meet him. but as he stretched
out his arms to clasp them, tho form*
of mother and child faded away and gliding
around seemed to olude his touch.
Notslcsn nnd trackless fltid shadow-iiko
they glided before hija, beckoning him on
until pointing to tho skeleton of a woman
and child that lay whitening by a ruined
will) flinv liilnntlu imniaKaJ o?o?
"V. w..~y V..v?.v.jr Off??JF, i?#
the fleeting phantoms melted ipta) air tho
wanderer sunk sensless to tho earth; how
long he lay there was never known, for
there were none by but the dead to count
the passing time.
0, how lmppy for him had hj never
awoke, had he never awoke to find himself
alone In the wido, wide world, where
the winds blow coldly on tho lonely
wretch, and where few gentle wonjhj oypr
I come to cheer the broken heart.
Thus sensloss ho was found. i>v an old
hunter, lying uniong tho ruins.of hW homo,
nnd hard by wero the mcurldcring hudiea
of ii woman and child. Tho dead yuoro
hurried whero they lay, but tho living
body the oM man conveyed to own
.cot, apd thero> for many day? and nights

xml | txt