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" TO THINK OWN SEI.K Illi TRUE, AM) IT ML'AT KoI.LOW, AS THE NIOIIT TUB 1)AV, THOU CAN'bT NOT THEN HE FALSE TO ANY MAN."
VOl.. 1. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., SATURDAY, AUGUST 25, !8 I9. (?*. ift
FEINTLO AM) FirOMSIIKD WKEKI.Y BY
W, II. TRIMMIER.
J. W. NORMS, Jn.( ) .....
E. M. KEITH r E?l?t<?'?.
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Two dollars if payment is dolayou to the closo
of the subscription year.
All subscriutions not elonrlv "-'ill
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Advertisements inserted at 15 cents per
square for the lirst insertion, and 87 l-i5 cts. for
each continued insertion. Liberal deductions
made to those advertising by the year
All Communications should be address- I
cd to the Publisher post paid.
[From tho Columbia Telegraph.]
AltUIVAI, OFTHE STEAMER HIBERNTA
Liverpool, August I. !
Trade has continued quiet but steady.
The harvest is being gathered in the
South of England, and promises to be
an abundant one.
Cotton has b?'cn in moderate demand, '
nmrn ar? limn onw/Wl.?/.
..<w> V ?;w viiuii ivi OUiUVUIIli;
The, sales qf the week amount to 12,- !
*200 bales; of wbi^J6,300 wcrd'tntidn by
Speculators, and tf,700 for Export.
Hungary.?The accounts from Hungary
bring the news of continuedksucesscs
on tho part of the Magyars, who have
. . rtjompletcly out-manouvred the Austti.ms
pn all points, and pl<W:d them in great
, peril by repeated ai.d disastrous defeats.
Through the able generalship of GcOrgcy
tho Russians have been completely
4111#. aIY frnrn K.?or? - ?-** *
v? kuiu 1IIVI1 U'loi; Ml ?.?I IVI ill i
? while the three grand divisions of the i
Hungarian Army are in complete com- |
munication. The whole population give j
every aid and encouragement to the Hun- '
gariuns, bringing them in provisions and
horses, and keeping them advised of
every movement of the enemies forces. |
Lena ware is represented to have surren
v?v>? w vi?v x x. vm^ai iuur? OUUHUllICU SIUI
continues to retreat towards tho Southern
frotior of Sorvia.
Gen. Hem announced his victory "?ver
tho Bann, Jollachich in the following
words "Bem, Bann, Bawn."
The London News of the 3d instant
contains Viopna dates to the 28th of
J uly. The report of Lord Palmereton's
HDefich in thr. Kritinh Pnrlii>tvi/.n? f..ll
eu like a thunder clap on the Austrian
Ministry, ?n J tlic news of Gcorguy's victory
over the Russians at Coassin and his
entry into Oestlmrd were announced ftt
the same time.
Humors were prevalent that negotiations
for peace would be entered into, in
consequenco of these tidings.
News from Craoow to the 23d yf June
states that numbers of Russian troops
which had been designed to leave that
city for the seat of War, had received
subsequent orders to remain, and tho
railroad cars recently arriving had been
fdled with Russian soldiers.
Onthft4t.ll. n/lvinnn wwn mnoiira/l
Liverpool that another great victory of
the Hungarians over the Itnssians at Esclau?placing
the Austrian General,
llaynau, in a most critical position.
The Hungarian Generals are now masters
of the whole line, from Kssy to Assova,
opening communications to Bel
graoe, and the Turkish provinces.
The great battle at IPaitche.i, between
the Russians under Prince Paskiewich,
and the Hungfliians under Ueorgey, in
which the latter were reported victorious,
has been fully confirmed. Georgey's
army forced the Russian lines and march*
cd North, effecting a junction with the
A letter fro n the seat of TFhr says, that
tlld nf llin ST..; 1
VMU AAUII^ailUll J' UU
on Paskiewich's col umns v crc irresistible
?and that all the troops exhibited wonderful
coolness and courage.
Another letter describes the Russian
retreat as most disorderly. The army
vas only saved from entire destruction.by
the the t? -icly arrival of Humbert's division,
wfiich covered the retreat, and
checked further pursuit.
The latest information in to the elfect
that the Austrian ministry hi'.d been dinsolved.
Thf? Tl.rlftaU *'
... vviuiilllll'IU DilVO soman
army of eighty thousand men to the Hungarian
frontier, to pro vent th?: paaaago of
Kuasian through (,Toops Trang) lvunia.
la Prussia uta>, thoro was a reported
organization agnitrt tliq (government, and
n conspiracy for the purpose of establishing
a Republic auspected, Several of
the supposed conspirators have been ar- j
Charles Albert, of Sardinia, whose
death has been already reported, expired '
at I<i;bon on the 2Hth day of July.
mi. - tv i . 1
juiu j-resworn jn still on hid tour tliro'
the Southern Provinces. He is still accused
of aspiring 1o the Imperial Crown.
The army of the scige arc returning
to Paris, numbering one lnmdrcd and fifty
Throughput the whole of 1' iancc, there
arc lair prospect ol a most abundant harvest.
The French have restored the Gov- j
eminent of the Pope, but cannot persutul'e
him to return in person to the
The belief i* current on (he Ncnpoli
tan frontier, thai flsirrihiilrli. Imd mrtKofi.
ed for America in disguise;
[ From the Charleston Cowrie/'.]
?EN. TAVI.OKa MOV EM ENDS.
The President, was at Carlisle, (Penn.) ;
on Monday, and unwell, but recovered
sufficiently to proceed on his journey as '
fiir'a? Chambersburg cn route Westward, j
Albert Gallatin, the celebrated (Inan- i
cior, and who has occupied a distinguished
position for >onw half century or
uiuiv in ui-ticicrH vimiiy important to the
interests of this country, departed- this
life at New-York on Monthly last.
I.OSty OF Tin: UMI'lUR STATE.
A splendid steamer, heaving thin name,
encountered a heavy blow on Lake Michigan,
and sunk. The boat was a total loss.
Passengers ull saved.
8T. I.OT IS AFFAIRS.
On the 10th inst. there wore five attempts
to burn this ill-fated city. One
bv firing (he steam boat Whirlwind, the
others in tlie northern parts of tlx; city.
St. Louis is said to be infested with desperadoes
and thieve.'', who threaten its
destruction. Tl.is state of mntters has
caused the calling out of nn oxtra police.
A deficit of 127,000 dollars has boon
discovered in the Bank of Missouri. Nathaniel
('hilds, late paying Teller has been
held to bail in the sum of 30,000 dollars,
lie has been a Iiank officer since the foundation
of the Hani.
Accounts from Chihuahua state that
the Indians are very hostile, and have entirely
laid was e Senorn, and all the regions
around El P;isso. Letters from Independence
state that1 300 Comanches
have died of Cholera.
[Telet/rapacd to the Charleston Courier]
Proclamation of the
Ualtimoub, Aug. 14.
Tim following Proclamation was re|
ccived ftt Washington on itfbnduy tVom
wr rn i .\ii.
BY T1IE PRESIDENT OF TIIE UNITED
j There is reason to believe that an arm;
oil expedition is about to lie fitted out in
; the United ?S'tates, with an intention to in
j vacle the Island of Cuba, or some, of the
Provinces of ATexieo. The best information
wbich the Executive has been able to
obtain, points to tho Island of Cuba as
the object of their expedition.
It is the duty of this Government to
observe the faith of treaties, and prevent
any agression by our cUbson* upon the
tPl-rit/wmn r>f frSniwl!.. 1 ?
..WW V. ...vuv*?jr Imiiuin, A IfilYi;,
therefore# thought it necessar - and proper
to iRsue this Proclamation, to warn all
citizens of the United States, who ahull
connect thcmslvcs with nc enterprise, so
grossly in violotion of our law and our
treaty obligations,, that thoy will the?eby
subject thoni9clvea with heavy penalties
nnnnxtiw/ mruStto* tl.m.i K.r " -??
...? 1.1V V. IV I 11 1 >J UUI tM
Congress, and will forfeit their claims to
the protection of their country. No.such
persons must expect the interference of
this Government in any fovm in their behalf,
no mntiejf' to what extremities they
may be red need in consoquftnco of their
conduct and enterprise.
To invade the territories of a friendly
nation, B0,t on. foot and prosecuted within
the limits ofthe-United 6'tates, its in t'no
1.1 1 ?. .1 ! - ? - ' - " ' '
ingiiust uvgrvo crinuimi, us Mfliding to ondanger
the peace ai?4 compromise the
honor of tills nation; and therefore, all
good citizens, as they regard oil? national
rcpntalioh, as they respect their own laws
of nations tu they vnTuo the hlosaing of
peaoo and the wolfafe of their country, to
I discountenance and prevent, I>y all lawful
I mcjnna, any such onternrise. And f mill
? : , t
upon every otliccr of litis government
civil or military, to use. all efforts in his
power to arrest for trial and punishment
every such offender against the laws provirlmir
fnv t!in 1 I
.j iu\> j/ui IUI Miiiuuu v/i Vjiuj ouuiuu
obligations to friendly poworR.
Given under my hand, the 11th day of
August, in the year of our TiOrd, one thousand
eight hundred and forty-nine, and
seventy-fourth year of the Independence
01 mo united males.
By the President. 4feJ.
M. Clayton, Secretary of State.
On the 4th of July, which was the day
the Frcneh troops took possession of
Rome, the following Address was circuLi
.. .1 r 1 *<
liuuu irom nana 10 nana among the peo- ,
TO TUE PEOPLE OF ROME.
Minfo. tunc, brothers, has fallen upon j
usuuu" jmu 11 is a wifuoi brief dura-I
tion?it is tlio stone of the scpulchrc |
wliico we. shall throw away after threy
days, ri^injr victorious and renewed, an
immortal Nation, Fop with us are God
and'Justice?God and J us! ice, who cannot
die, hut always triumph, while Kings
and Popes, once dead, revive no more.
5 As you have been ^reat in tho combat, j
be so in the days ol sorrow-?great in
' b 1
,~v.. wi.uuw <.-> ui generous uisI
dain, of suUimc silence. Silence is the
I weapon wo have now to use against the
Cossacks of France, and the Priests their
In the streets do not look at them ; do
j not answer if they address you.
| I it the cafes, in the eating houses,.if they
enter, rise and go out.
Let V0U1' windows rnmnin . lnsr>#l ?c
Never attend their feasts, their parades.
The harmony of their musical, bands be
j for you tones of slavery, and when you |
hear them, tly.
Let the liberticido soldier be condemned I
i to isolation ; let him atone in solitude and j
j contempt for having served priests and I
j And you, Roman women.?master-pioce j
| of God's work!?deign no look and smile j
j to those satellites of an abhorred Pope ! i
Cursed be she who, before the odious satellites
of Austria, foigeta that she is an
Italian ! Her name shall be published for
the execration of all her people ! And
even the courtezans 1 let them show love
for their country, and thus regain the dignity
And our word of order, our crv of it
1 ' - J ?
union and emancipation, be now and forever,
Viva la 1'epudlica !
The incessant cry, which not oven (
French slaves can dispute, shall prepare
us lo administer the bequest of our martyrs,
shall be consoling dew to the immaI
culate and holy bones that repose, subi
lime holocaust of faith and of love, near
! our walls. nrul mnk?> -
t ?W1 Y 1I1U IHU
j J,Stomal City. In this cry we shall find
: ourselyes t; I ways brothers, and we shall
conquer. Viva. Home, the Capital of
Italy 1 Viva the Italy of thp People!
Viva the Rowau Republic !
Dated Rome July 4, 1840.
CIVIL WAR IN ILLINOIS.
Paducaii, Aug. I.
A band of lawless, thieving despera,
does, with the unenviable appellation of
' Platheads, have for somo time past committed
outrageous depredations upon the
honest portion of the nonulation of il>?
j Southern end of Illinois. The bund of
thieves number about three huudied.
For tho safety of life and personal
property, about five hundred of the most
i respectable inhabitants of that <S?tate
I formed themselves into an association
cnnea mo Uegulutors.
Tho aggrossions perpetrated by the
Fhuhcadft becoming insupportable, the
Regulators determined to u^c the most
vigorous measures to bring culprits to
justice. They accordingly procured
writs for the arrest t^n, or twelve of
the lenders of the Flathead gang, and
uiimmAnnA *I%A ?^ --- ? * " ' 1 11
. luvimu tuc uuicuiH 10 tiui mem in the
execution of the law.
The Flathead* hearing of this movement,
the most determined of them, to
i the number of about seventy-live, ossein*
| blf.din alotf house, where, armed to f.hr>
teeth', and making a fort of the log house,
thjy determined to stand their ground,,
unci gfvu until*. ,
The Regulators having discovered the ,
retreat, oume and summoned tho Flat- i
j heads to surrender, which request being
1 rktfi.oA'l ?> 1-A-? -i
viiv utimji? tmuaujueu lo
charge tho log Louso, and invited ovory
honest uiftn who was misled into it to
About twenty-six, seeing tha eido of
justice was tin strongent, left theirj corv [
punions in (ho log house.
The Itogulatoi-s then charged upon Iho
remainder of the Flathoads. and soon nut !
them to ;i precipitate flight.
During the charge, t\\? of the Flatheads
were killed and three wounded.
Three of the Regulators are said to have
been mortally wounded.
The whole neighborhood is in tho
>rM'ilnJ TK- 1> 1. *-- I
S.-VHWV V.WIVMIIVUV. 1 I1U lVVtfUllllUrS)
assisted by the authorities, determined
to run this lawless band out of ih?' country,
and are pursuing them in every di- i
A number of the Flat beads have lied
over to Kentucky, and others have lied
over to the swamps.?Philadelphia va
[From the South Carolinian
PRACTICE vs. PROFESSION.
ATess's. Editors: The most c.\traordinnm
Af - J -
iil?i j VyIIOVy v/i V* 10 V?I U J< UliVj ^ JL IcH_?Ilt(_/ I
and Precept that has been discovered, in
modern or even ancient limes, h s lately
boon, developed in a letter that was written
by Jacob G'ollamer, Postmaster General,
to Thomas P. Crawford, Esq., of1
Pickens County, Alabama, and published ,
in the Pickens Republic of the 24th July.
1819. The Postmaster General is de- I
fending himself from the ch:..ge that he i
i.-) ii uuwmig 11 /vooutiouist," and the ;
following is an extract from the letter:
"All 1 can say is, that 1 am not now, ,
nor have 1 ever been, ar Abolitionist ; and ;
L have always received the most bitter |
Opposition fiom the Abolition party in |
my own State. 1 have always held that ;
nothing should be done by the geneial
irovernmnnf. in relation t<\ :
slavery in the several States. 1 have always
discountenanccd and opjnscd all
measures, public ?r ^rtvate, intended to
interfere with or disturb the institution us
existing with the States, as recognised by
So much for profession. Mr. Collamer i
was once a member ot Congress; let. us
examine his votes while in tiiut body, and
sec whether he leully did "oppose '1
measures, public or private, intended to
I interfere with or disturb tln> in>;titnti.-m nc
I existing Avith the Suites," iVc.
| On the 1 llh of December, 1846, Mr.
1 Culver, of New-York, prtbented memorials
from Washington County,New ^ ork,
praying the abolition of slavery and the
slave trade in the District of (/olumbia.
Mr. Hoyd, of Kentucky, moved that the
memorial be laid on the table. On this
duestion the VMS iinfl nnve ti-rtm nvrlnwi/l
I . J "V.V uiUVIVUi
j and Jacob Collamer voted in he negative.
?(Blair & River's Cong. Globe, p. 43.)
On the loth December, 1840, Mr. Adams
presented tile resolutions of ihe Legisluture
of Massachusetts, in relation to
the wrongs alleged to have been Buttered
by the colorcd, citizens oi Massachusetts
in the States of .South Carolina and Louisiana.
Mr. Hurt, of South Carolina,
moved tn lilv llir> wienlntii.n
J ?..v ??A>VIMUVU VU tUU IUUIU.
On this motion the yeas and nays were
ordered, and .lacob (JolLmer voted in the
negative.?(Ibid, p. 63.)
Oil the same day Mr. Adams presented
the resolutions ot iho Legislature of Massachusetts,
remonstrating against the admission
ot Texas as a slaveholding State.
Mr. McCoiinell moved tlmi the resolutions
lie on the table. The question was
taken by yeas and nays, Jacob C'ollamer
I voting in the negative.?(Ibid, p. 53.)
1 On the 10th January, 1817, a bill esi
tablishing a territorial government in One
I jjun piiiwea me riouse ot Ileprescniives,
containing the Wilmot Proviso. The
yeas unci nays wore ordered on its passage,
and the name of Jacob C'olhuner is
found among the votes in the affirmative.
?(Blair 61 Hive./ Cong. Globe, 20th
Congress, 2d se^ion, p. 108.)
Oil r.lirt y.l-t io?- **
. ?. ...V - >>? 1/VVUI1IUC1, 1 O t I , 1UI', V.tlCli
dinga, ol Oi.io, preseuted a memorinl l'roin
j certain oiiiuens of the District of G'olumi
bia, representing "that the slave trade is
: now curried on in ilie District of Columbia
; to a largo extont. Your petitioners therefore
ask tliut all laws authorizing ur .sane*
tioning such trade witlun said District
may lie lepealed. ^tiere follows a list of
iiuaittt.j iv motion was made lo lay the
memouul on the tablo; the yeas and nays
| were t^ken?Jacob Collaraer voting in thu
I nogati* e.?ylilair <fc Kivea's Cong. Globe,
30M Congress, 1st session, p. bO.)
I On the 13th December, 18id, "Mr.
PaltVey asked leave to introdum* u i.m ?.?'
which previous no ace wns given, torejMul
all act#, or par In of acU oj t'onc/resn, establuskiny
or nuuataiiun</ slavery or (he
alave haiio in iho jJiato >ct.qf Columbia,
'Mr. lio'inod, i4 Souiu Carolina, objecting,
" J uuquosUon way than stated on gntnliner
- ,-,Q ' *
"lhe yo;w und nays wen* ordered and
taken, und Jacob Collumer voted jn fat of
of grantiiiy leave to intrmlucc a bill to abol*
ish slavery tuul the slave trade in the JJi*
(rict of Columbia..?(Blair fc Rivcs's
Cong. Globe, UOtli Congress, 2d session,
p. 38.) * ' - '
Gn the 8tli Jiinuary, 1849, Aft. 3/ead,
of Virginia, offered the following resolur
lit rnllTfl. Tlirif flip f liimmitfrtn r??i ?lm
.Tudici iry is hereby instructed to report a
bill to this IIousc, providing effectually
for the apprehension and delivery of fugitives
from labor, who have cscupcd or
may hereafter escape from one 3tatcinto
The yoas and nays being ordered, Jacob
CoHftmur voted in the negative.?
(Blair & llives's Cong. Olobo, p. 188.)
Mr. Collamcr also voted against the
vi i st rule in Uongress, "which rule prohibits
the re. option of abolition petitions
mid he also voted for the infamous resolution
of Mr. Gott, of New York, which
resolution proposed "that negroes and!
slaves should be permitted to vote on tho
question of the abolition of slavery in tbis
District, (that is, the District of Colurnk:..
So much for practice as proven by tho
record. T\ow is there not an extraordinary
difference between the~e recorded votes
r.nu Mr. Collamer's assertions in his letter
to Mr. Crawford. How can thoy be
reconciled? V- iil some Southern Whig,
whose aHini'.ies are with 'he picsent noparty
Administration, enl.ghtGn us on this
[From the Southern Recorder.]
Sweet Potato Seed fiiom tiie Hloom.
?The undersigned has raised for three
years past, Sweet Potatoes, of better
quality than usual, in the following way,
I The Yam Potato vino blooms in Au
gust; in about a month thereafter they
! !orm a rod; the seed are then formed of
about the mzc of sago seed, and o? tha
same color. The pod' should be noticed
and gathered when ripe, or else they will
soon drop. In the Siv.ing, at the usual'
time of sowing seed, 1 sow them in'tho
usual way 1 sow cabbage seed. They
will not come up quite as soon, but Vfijll
j continue doing so through the spring.
The plant is small and delicate in appearance,
nnd should b6 drawn in a wet
season, with it little dirt attncVd to it,
and transplanted. The leaf and vine have-,
a dift'eient appearance from the potato^1
usually, and the potato will be found to
j grow larger and smoother than usual.
I T T?.r,r,.^ : e- '
jl uiwvi tuia uiuuiuU) niwr suusmciory
practice, to raise thepolato, to any other
whatever. Collin "\Vood.
Baldwin county, June, 1819.
[From the Southern Presbyterian.]
The Anniversary of the Theological
.Seminary in Columbia was held on the
i2i.h ult. We le-?rn from uersons who
attended it that the audience was larger
\ than usual, and the exorcises highly creditable
to the graduating class. Below is
found the order of cxercises at the lute
Music?"How beauteous aro their feet."
1. A. E. Chandler?The Kingdom of
2. T. j\. Iloyt?The Eloquent Preacher.
8 A. O. Johnson?(Absent.)
4. E. II. VViuc?Tho Millennium.
Music?"Joy to the world," <fce. 98tf?
1 r. VV n ? j:.; '
.. . ^uii^uunA V/OI1U1L1UU unu A'l'OSpccts
of the church of Rome.
?3. 11. II. Hcid?Earnestness the great
Elcpent oi' successful Preaching.
7. A. Shotwell?(Absent.)
3. W. H. Singlotary?The jl/inistry
our country needs. (Exou?.ul.)
Adarfss to the Class
J/usic?Partin/j JEIyinn. (Original.)
Wire fences liuve been introduced upon
numeiv. a farms in various parts of tho
country, much to the inipiQvement of their
value and appearance. Those who havn
tried them say they answer t\ie purpose
of the u^ronj^wit ttg|t and ral fence that
can be built, with not more than hulf of
! the expense.- Village Uncord, Went C'hes
Claiuw Mili.#, uiKiV^nsT.?This gen,
tlcmao, now uv Washington, engaged on
tho Equestiiajji Statue of Genet ul jackson,
hns jus.t completed a marble bust of
tho lion. John 0. Calhoun, which it*
highly spoken Of. It has been left for
examination at a publ c place in Washing
'ion, put. \vll>, withjn n short poijod, bo
brought to Charleston, having been
especially ordered by u gentleman of oui
Wo s?oc it stated that ^' Cfcident Taylor
has been hitting to vlfr. r^i(ls,'tor the piu\
jw>sc of having hi* bust tnkcn.r? Ityurfm'