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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, September 29, 1849, Image 1

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m THK ' [Ccaroppondonco oftlie Savnruxniijlepublicnn.] | cent ontviifroc n\..s *'
?JUV ww MJMC4 II Illl'iK )
raiNtKn AND rvnustiKn VEKKJ.T BY
J. W. NORRIrf, Jn., ) y..
K M. KEITH, \ Klhtors?
One Dollar and Fifty Cents for one year's
subscription when paid within three inontlus
Two dollars if payment is delayed to the closc
of the Bubacription year.
AH subscriptions not clearly limited, will be
ronsiderod ns made for an indefinite time, and
continued till a discontinuance is ordered and
all arrearages paid.
AJrrrlisnnrnts inserted at rent* nor I
square. lor tlio flfst insertion, and 37 1-2 cts. for
(t-ach continued insertion. Lil>eral deductions
tnudu to those advertising by the year.
All Comuuniipiiltons should be addressed
to the Publisher post paid.
J&om the South Carolinian.
The following interesting eorresponjloncp,
which 1ms been placed in our
hands for publication, we take great pleas-1
ure in laying beforo4our readers:
Executive Department, )
Columbia, July 14, 1849. f
Jitadum: The Legislature at its last
session, directed the Governor -'to procure
and cause to bo pivsontcd, 011 behalf
of the State,, some appropriate memorial
to the widow of thn T1
Dickinson, as cvidcnoo of tho deep regard
and admiration of the State for the
lamented and distinguished dead.
1)1 the performance of tho honorable
yet melancholy duty assigned me, I herewith
transmit, and ask your acceptance
of, seven pieces of silver, constituting a
toa and cofFej bcrvice, Receive them,
madam, as a slight testimonial of tne
high estimation in which South Carolina
held one of the gallant defenders of her
laiiui; preserve tiiem as a memorial of his
patriotic zeal and heroic conduct on
every occasion demanded by duty and
Lieut. Col. Dickinson lived a brave,
skilful and Immune officer, and received
his mcrtal wound at his post, where ho
was always to be found. Although no
token of the gratitude of the Common
wealth cnn dissipate the grief engendered
, by your bereavement, still the hopo is indulged
that the one I now forward, will,
while It recalls (he most endearing domestic
associations, bo considered and held
iby you as tho reward of honorable merit
bestowed by a sovereign <Stato upon a
citizen soldier, once your bosom friend,
bu: now, I trust, the companion of his
With sentiment* of icspectful regard,
I have the hongr to be your obedient
\f?o W?.... a t-V
liou'ja u. i^k'kinsoni
Houkihk, July 20, 184b.
Dear Si Through the politeness of
Col. Gla^de^, I have received the serv ice
of silver presented in behalf of tho S te,
nnd with it your lettor.
I thank you very much for tly> k illness
and delicacy with whichy yoji In v/>.
fulfilled "the duty assigned you/ and to,
you must express the gratitude I feel for
this tribute from the State.
You ask mo torcceivc it as a tcstimofcial
of tlie high estimation in which Car- '
olina hold one of the gallant defenders!
of her fame; to preset .e ij, as a memorial*
of his patriotic zeal and heroic conduct
on every occasion demanded by duty
and danger. As such, I accept it most
gratefully, and will preserve it proudly
and sacredly.
Carolina, over warmly loved, in now
J trebly dear to mc. Dear as my native
iState?dearer as my husband's native
fltfltA dmraoi nu l?ia loa? ?>
uu I.io IIIOU |)1UUV.
Grateful to mc, then, is this "token of
Jhcr gratitude" this proof that his services
are remembered.
If I cannot forget that for her I hnve
suffered, neither can I forgot that the
kind sympnthy, ko freely accorded me,
has removed some. of the bitterness of
my sorrow. Earnestly uo I hope tha*
his sympathy. so comforting, may not be
withdrawn from me.
As a woman, I am denied an active
p?ruc?paMotr m all that tonds to the glory
of Carolina; but, as a woman, I may and
do exult in hor proud reputation. For
her prosperity I wish warmly and truly,
and 1 ardently hope that her far^e, bo
dearly bought, may bo preserved as
bright and untarnished n,s hcv own beautiful
oftV.ring to me.
With much rospcct and esteem, I remain
vours. i/ratftfullv.
Governor Skahrook.
* ' 2 f.. . .. ' i * ?^ f. vx t
Fivo of the ir.oat capitals of Europe are
uow under military law, namely, ram,
Vfftthn, Betlin. Homo aud Xny1o:?.
or. 7VUOVRTTKE, JSept. 13.
Tho steamer Nina, Capt. Vagee, arrived
horo yesterday from the southern
const, whither ?he had gone to convoy
i fK?*nn ^
u. o. troops. J'y her
wo loam that the Indians had returned
to tho settlements on Indian river, ntul
burned several moro of the houses.:?
vV/essrs. J. II. Gattis, Lavana and others,
who made their escann in .Tulv 1??>* 4l
r - V..J .?o?| vil UIO
first outbreak, hr.d returned to Indian river
to look after their property, and with
the intention of endeavoring to maintain
(heir position. They have now, tho second
trmo been compelled to fleo for their
lives. "mkI have now gone to Key West.
They discovered the approach of the In?
dians in time to make their escano n?n i
r? ~"w
or two companies of troops are now stationed
nt Indian River, and if the Indians
ngaiu make their appearance, it is to be
Imped they will meet with a warm reception.
SHie steamer Nina proceeds this day
to Palatka for the purpose of conveying
Maj. Rowland's Company down the southern
uiiiy jiowiegs, the Uhief of the Scminoles,
sent in three runners, who met
Capt. Casey of the U. S. Army at Sara
Sota on the 3d inst. Tlie runners said
that Hilly had hoard with regret of the
late murders, and told them to say that if
Capt. Casey would meet him lie would be
able to settle tlie difficulty1 to the entire
satisfaction of the white people; also to
say that Ram Jones had sent a runner to |
inny with the news of the first murder,
urging Hilly to nid in preserving pei\ce.
The murder on Indian Hlver on the 12th
of July, was committed by five young Indians
(Seminoles) who reside on the Kissitnme
River, pne of whom is an outlaw,
and who desired to make war for the pur{>use
of saving himself from the Indian
HW. Thev remninnd nn fbnf ci/U vi? ,
^ v.. Vi.iov niviu Vi JL' iU" j
lido till the lf>th, and then crossod over
in less than two days to Peas Creek, and
committed the murders there, A party
was despatched after the first murder to
arrest them, but reached Peas Creek the
day after the murders there. Immediately
thereafter the five murderers were
overtaken and captured. The Chiefs all
disown and regret the murders, and all
lift TnrHi?r?Q nw? 1 ? ?? ?
iuu itivinu m I1USU1U1CS,
Broken Hticks arc exchanged for a council
with the chicfs at Charlotte Harbor on
the 18th inst. The affairs now stand.?
There have been so many false rumors of
Indian signs, that I am in.lucod to send
you this plain statement which you may j
rely upon, as it is derived from the best i
nnfWit-r V " ?
. l uill.l, OS5,~J Old.
[Tdegrajihcd to tnc Charleston Courier.']
Bi'ltimork, Sept. 19.
Tke following are the particulars of the
diflicultics with the Fronch Minister:
Last February, M. Poussin presented
to Mr. Buchanan, then Secretary of State,
a claim in behalf of M. Porte, a Frenchman,
residing in Mexico, who purchased
a quantity of Tobacco, knowing it to bo ,
private propertj'. Gen. Childs ordered I
the Tobacco to bo restored to the right1
owner, and gave thaFrenclrman back his
, money, Tlie French 3/inister then set
I up a claim for damages. A Court of In|
pulry decided against the claim and their
! decision was approved bv Gen. Scott,
| and afterwards by Mr. Clayton. M.
Poussin, in a note to Mr. Clayton, used j
insulting language against Gen. Childs.
/Subsequently, at Mr. Clayton's suggestion,
M. Poussin withdrew the offensive
M. Poussin addressed another note to
the tftato Department, making charges
agatikjt Commodore Carpenter in connection
with saving the French ship Eugenia !
from rhipwreck, for which C'om. Carpen.
tcr claimed salvago for his crew. This
i wns rafnsrwl On ttii? W n"?
. .. ?, . v. MWVUI via VI1UJ I*J. . 1 uun* |
! sin wrote a very insulting letter to Mr.
! Clayton, reflecting on the honcr of our
; Government. Gen. Taylor then caused
I tho whole correspondence to 1)0 laid before
the French Government, expecting
immediate redress. This not bein g done.
Gen. Taylor ordered nil correspondence
with M. Poussin to bo closed, and his
passports placed at his disposal.
Bai.timoiik, Sept. 20. i
Tl\c Washington Republic of to-day, j
contains three columns, giving an official
account of the difficulty between our J
Government and the French -^/mister.? <
The substance is the same nft abeady sent j
j you. The ItcpubHc thinks there is no
| apprehension of war, in conseque -co of
UII* uiiuciuiy, r , I
Intelligence lifts beon received at the |
War f)ej>arlment, staling that tho ?emiiioloi
disclaim nil connection with the re.!
a sMiysino
Indians arc peacefully dispcspd.
Cpn^modai-c Ballard, has been assigned
to tho Command of the Washington Navy
It is nov ascertained that the Demo
in ^izitme nave a majority in both
branches of the Legislature.
NKW-0M.kxn8, $ept, 21.
The British steamor Severn arrived at
3/obilc yesterday, from Vera Cruz. Mr.
Clifford, formor Minister to Mexico, was 1
a passenger on board. It i? st/itrwi 1
Gen. Parcdos had died in tho city of ,1/cxico,
The four Negroes of Maj. John S. Rowland,
proprietor of Rowland's ?Sfprings, in
Georgia, nave been eaughtin Kentucky,
as we learn by a letter from Maj. R. to n
friend in this place. The following ex<tracts
from the letter, which is dated at
Knnvvtll/. To- O ?a
. vatiiw) xTyiii) oiiij ^inc v/ntcr
being on his way home) will, doubtless,
be interesting to the owners of slaves in
all the more (Southern States east of the
"My four Negro men were caught, at
Barboursville, Ky., 35 miles beyond' the
Cumberland Gan. * * * * AVI?
. r- TT IIUI1
taken they were worn down with fatigue
mid hunger, and much discouraged. They
were taken by a company organized for
such purposes, and wore treated as stranr
yers, A few miles ahead of where they
were taken, anothor company of 16 was
waiting for them i and this, I am told, is
the case along tho whole line of Kcntucy,
and through it. It is therefore almost
impossible for a Negro to get through,
and o.von j\ wV?W/? !< ?* '
.. ...w .linn u JH.NJX passport.
The >S'tatc allows $30 for taking n Negro,
which alone will bring out u good force.
My Negroes travelled at night, but when
they got to where tiiey could neither travel
night or day, they seemed to be well
satisfied to go home?they are, indeed,
sick of their trip, I have sent them on
without being confined. If Negroes of
such intelligence as these cannot get on,
I think othern may give it up. Two Ne2roes
arc in t.hn snmn -TnJi ?
0 - - .m.mv v.u?? MVIUIIUIII^ lli
some person in Lincolnton, N. C.\ thoir
owner has been written to. Four from
this neighborhood were lately taken in
the edge of Kentucky, one of which was
shot thtough the heart, and the others
brought back."?Greenville Mountaineer.
Bcbinkbs ik Charleston.?We arc
much gratifiod in learning from one of our
most intelligent and enterprising merchants,
tluit the business of the lost week
exceeds in amount thotof a like period in
any September previous. -There are a
large number of merchants from the intenor
of our own State, and from North
Carolina, Tenucf^oe, Georgia, Alabama,
Mississippi and Florida at prosent in our
city, and everj day is adding to their
number. Mont of them aro here for the
first timo, and express themselves highly
gratified at the extensive assortment of
goods, and the liberality of the terms on
wnicn they arc disposed of. The stocks j
of our merchants imve been solccted with j
the greatest possiole enre, and in quantities
calculated for a largely increased business,
and they are offered at prices lower
than they can be procured at New
York or any other of the Northern cities.
This is accounted for from the fact, that
they were principally purchased in those
cities, while the Cholera prevailed, and
when goods were necessarily disposed of
wn mica; wnuc since u?e partial ciisap- ,
pearance of the pestilencc there has been i
a reaction, and enhanced prices. We
have also had heavy arrivals of goods di- 1
rect from Enropo, which wore procured
upon the most favorable terms. In short,
every inducement Is held out in the abun
dance, varioty nnd quality of tho goods,
and the terms on which they arc disposed
of, to induce the country merchant not
only to make his purchases here the present
season, but to form permanent business
arrangements for the future,? Char.
Mercury y
A decision of interest to Manufactures
' nnd Kanfci K*?o
w,v. ?>.V* vuwiiva iiuo I V'\ 'Xj 11 V t y UWH ^lYUII HI
the Superior Court, New-York, byJudge
Duor, upon a motion to vacate or modify
?n Injunction which hatt been granted to
tho Amoskeag Manufacturing Company,
forbidding certain parties to use a mark
i to which that company claimed exclunlvo
right. Judge Duer held that every Man*
ufocturer and evory Merchant for whom
goods aro manufactured, has an unquestionable
right to distinguish the goods
that he makes or sells by a pecnTOr
mark known in market as his, and that
he may derive from their side the profit
which their superior repute may command.
Many intorosting particulars have been
. collected during the year relating tothe
variety* of wheat in use in our country,
as wen as the uncommon growth of individual
specimens. An inquiry was em|
brnccd in the circular issund fmm
-v..? V11I5
| office, relating to the most approved, andl
we hoped to nave been able to proscnt a
classification of thorn, distinguished by
their peculiarities and fitness for tlic various
climates of the United States; but
this must be deferred, for want cf completeness,
to another time. It is gratifying
to observe that the Mediterranean
wheat, which was recommended some
years since in the report of this office, still
holds it? place, to a great degree., in tho
estimation of i^s cultivators. We have
noted* numerous instances in difl'eront.
states and section of tho country in which
it is mentioned with high commendation,
and its freedom from rust and other evils
which more commonly attend on other
varieties of wheat assorted. We have
noticed among other accounts of this i
kind of wheat, one. in J/arylnnd, which j1
speaks of an extraordinary crop. Tho
mode of cultivation was as follows : Tho '
ground, the previous season was devotod 1
to oats, and almost as soon as these were '
taken oft", the manure was carried on, the 1
stuhhle broken up and well hnrrowc'l. It !
was then left till the 26th of August, at 1
which time it was sown, nt tho rate of 1
two bushels of seed l or acre, t.lmn
l"v'"e>"~ I
cd pretty deep, then a large harrow was I
passed over it; the first growth is stated 1
to have boon destroyed by 'C fly, but by
having an early start, it came out from
tlio root wonderfull, some roots bearing
fifty four or fifty five stalks. The product
of a single grain numbering fifty
two stalks, in one instance, was counted,
and found to be one thousand three hundred
and seven grains, another gave fifty
eight stalks yielding one thousand five
hundred grains.
Another person, alluding to the jl/editerrancan
wheat, says tlmt it is proof
against the fly, and that its quality, which
is sometimes the subject of complaint as
inferior to many oiler kinds, depend?
greatly on the nature of the soil and timo
of harvesting. He states that in order to
make fine flour from this wheat, it must
be cut in a irreenor shit p. t.lmn ??> !?
tics, and incfced as early as can be done '
without injury. Asa proof that much
also in this matter depends on early harvesting
and the kind of soil, and that a
sandy soil is to be preferred to a clay, he
mentions the following facts.: Ilis first
crop was sown on a clay soil of limestono
order, and the crop was allowed to get 1
quite ripe before it was cut. His grain
in this case was almost us dark as rye. |
His next trait, however, was made on a!
soil morn khiuIv <>nrl ? ? ? *
, ?.IU villi VIUJI Wtlti cut !
when the grain was in a pasty state. On
being threshed he found it much fairer,
and it weighed sixty four pounds per
bushel. The bread made of it he also
pronounces as good as any ever made in
ins house.
In a third instance, alluding to tWo
heads of Mediterranean wheat, six, and
five and one-half iachos long, and thus of
uncommon length, well filled with good,
sized plump kernels, the person says that
t.llftSft WPi'A fnlrnn (Vn*v% ^^
??iwii uviu uiiu trnnc ui tut; j
field, the land on each side similar, and
the cultivation also: except the two lands
which furnished the sample. The soil
wa< a heavy clay on a lime rock. The
two landsjin question were dressed heavily
with half decomposed straw. Tt matured
slowly, but the crop he states exceeded
any thing ho had ever known
from this variety, and he attributes the
unusual growth to the top dressing.?
These facts Drove that 11?? fnilnm r>finn
of particular varieties which have been
recommonded may he ascribed not bo
much to the badness of the seed as to the
ignorauce or want of care in thoso into
whose hands it may have fallen.
Tn a Canada journal we have found the
following receipts, which are said to have
been effcctunlly tried thcro as a remedy
against the 'wheat fly,' by which wo presume
is meant the midge, so often confounded
with the Hessian fly.
"Take orpiment. (which can he pro*
cured at any druggists A and with lighted |
j charcoal, burn the orplment close to the
i wheat, any time after sunset and before
and before sunrise; and nt the time when
the plant commences to flower it should
be repeated while the fly is found to exist.
One ounce is sufficient for six acres.
"Another and perhaps equally efficacious
remedy.- -So soon as the fly is discovered,
or 80 soon an the plant shows a
Irt nnAn if.a finwvAfu
around the patch c?f wheat htiong lights
?K?gKi, and the dark or the bcttcr-^the
flics will all rush to the fires and 4ostroy
Indigo?Curious Facts.?The indigo
plant a native qfSoute Carolina. It
grew spontaneously among weeds and
woods. More than one hundred years
ago the planters (here commenced its cultivation.
In the year 1748 South Caro
una exported to Groat Britain, 200,000
lbs., and Parliament granted a bounty of
12 certs per pound to induce its greater
cultivation. In }787, -when that ordl?
nance was passed, Indigo was one of tho
staples ofBoulh Carolina, and we believo
of Georgia also. Now in 1810, nct^
single pound of Indigo is raised in South
Carolina, or as far as we know, in all tho
tfouth! A plant which is indigenuous to
that region, and which in its early cultivation
was exceedingly profitable, hnsj
-1.^ e
k/vi u unvcii irum cxisienco Dy tho che.ip
labor of India. Qront Britain now pnvs
so von millions of dollars a year for indigo
raised in India!
New Volcano at the Sandwich Inlands.
?By the Empire City we have a private
letter from Bonj. F. BoJ.les, Esq., of Honolulu,
dated May 20th.
A few days pievious <1 new volcanic
irnnf.irm trtftl/ ti:i~ ? "
jiiiivu av j ilio, UII JILOOlll
T.oa, about forty miles from the old cwLer
of Mount Ivcah. The jippo:irance of
this now volcano, hclching forth its fiery r
streams, lias cauHod great alarm anion;*
the inhabitants, though, as yet, no properly
or lives haye been lost. Tlic spectaclo
presented at night is truly sublime. No
;>ne has as yet ventured to c.yin}ino thy
Burning Water instead of Lamp Oil.-'
Tho "N. Y. Sun has a letter fr? .>1 Worma
tor, Mass., iii which the writer claims to
have invented and put in use, apparatus
which separates the oxygen and hydro,
gen of which water is composed, una produces
gas for lights. This itdoosatno
other expense, than that of the uso of the
machinery; as no other material hut water
is used. The water is decomposed hy
a current of electricity, envolvcd by tho
Marriaf/c on Sundays.?It is s;iid that
the Pennsylvania o">urts have decided that
marriage is a civil contract, and that they
have also decided that no contract made
on Sunday is valid. The Register says
that the question is now agitated whether
marriages made in that State ?n Sunday
are lawful, and whethether indictments
for bigamy can be sustained where tho
first marriage had takou place on Sunday.
The Future.?In the huudrod yearn
from 1819 to 1848, both inclusive, "there
will bo Bovenfeen yoara with fifty three
Sundays in the year.
An Eas y Rule for Farmers.?A quurtcr
of wheat is an English measure of eight,
standard bushels; so if you see thai quoted
at fifty six shillings, it is seven shillings
a bushel. A shilling is twenty four
cents: multiply by soven and you havo
$1,68 per bushel.
In the Stato of Maine there are now
fifty-eight subordinate Jjodges of Odd
Fellows, with 5880 contributing members,
having a fun^of $42,253 45. The revenue
last year amounted to $22,349 13,
wmic tnerc were expended $10,830 30.
Neio Discovery for soldering Iron or
Sfeel.?Mr. W. II. Clement, c fW^rHJivv,
Ala., has discovered a new composition,
whereby he can solder pieces of iron or
steel, cither in plates or in other forms,
The plates of iron nre soldered (OgOlhor
as plates of tin by the common process.
Wo have seen some rusty strips of steel
beautifully soldered by this composition,
:JI i ii-- - f * '
wii/iiuut nit; inxi.'ssiiy 01 vcouniig imp.
edges, and it was done as easily and n-i
quick ns a tinker would patch up a scf?n?
in a milk pnn. Mr. Clement has taken tho
usual measures to secure a patent.
rr i - -
unvsuai Appearance, of the Se.a.-?~
The Gloucester (Mass.)Telegraph say*
the unusual appearance of the sea is at t
trading the attention of many. It is of a
light greenish color, and appears to b<'
thick and dirty. The fishormen aro nnm
j plaining that fish are scarce, or will not
bite, and attribute it to tho state of th?>
j water. It is something which has not
I been witnessed for many yours,
Houto"; flont. 15.
Sevoral voasely havo arrived at this,
port from Nova Scota, loaded with livcv
stock. They report that the drought has
I cut off the crops <o such an extent that
the cattle, ifcc. cannot bo supported thcio
the coming winter. Oxen can be pur*
aliased for $20 p?ir yoke, and horses for
ono quarter theii value. Fai mere owning
KiVAItil rntcu urn i>?n? " !?? ##.
I - ~ v ui^ ?i VTT w, w imr
the third one fad through the winipr,

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