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Keowee courier. [volume] (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, December 01, 1849, Image 1

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J. W. NORMS, JR., {
E. M. KEITH, \ hiht0 '
One Dollar nnil Fifty Cents for one yoitr's
KObsctintton when paid within three months,
'Two dollars if payment U delayed to the close
of tho mn>9crSption year.
All subscriptions not dourly limited, will ho
Considered lis made for nil indefinite time, and
Continued till u discontinuance is ordered and
nil arrearages paid.
Advertisements inserted at 75 cents nor
square Tor the first insertion, and 87 1 -2 e.k?. for
each continued insertion. Liberal deductions
made to those advertising hy the year.
,?r All Communication* should be addressed
to^tho Publit her post paid.
C'jrresjjorulenr? of the Baltimore Sun.
Washington, Nov. 15, 1849.
We u> e only at the threshold of the
California controversy. It is i\ mistake
to sunnosn t.bnt. cv?n !?/? PnUfn?
_ - ri ...... Vf VII VI1V VOIIIUI lliit tJUH"
vontion has disposed of the slavery question.
It turns out that the nrti-lc restricting
shivery had only passed the com
mittce of the whole, and sub silcntio. It
had not been reported to the house at the
date of the last ndtftccs. It is manifest
that there is to be no opposition to it nt
the next stage of proceeding. Not oven
Doctor Gwinn, of Mississippi, offered any
opposition to u in tno preliminary *t?ige;
but, according to the New York Tribune,
Doctor G winn's special mission to California
was to defeat the proviso.
The Administration pent out General
/tflcy with special instructions to promole
the formation of a State government,
with a viow to get rid of this disturbing
question but several private individuals of
energy influence also went to California
with a view to secure a constitution unrestricted
<13 to slavery. jThore is to bo
n severe struggle still in California before
the anti-sluvcry article is adopted; but it
will be adopted, and the scene of strife
will, therefore, bo transferred to the United
?*?tates States Senate.
But there is still another difficulty in
mc rear. Another portion of California,
embracing the Mormon settlements, now
contains a fow slaves, and the jVorm?ns,
in their form of government, have not excluded
slavery. When they como forward
with a State constitution, then there
will bo another controversy. The South
will be really in a helpless predicament.
First, thoy will be forced to permit tho
admission of one State, with a restriction
of slavery; and next, they must consent to
the ex l ision of another State, because it
does not restrict slavery. The South is,
:M ?.-it ?i * 1
mvt, wuiuu upon 10 no nut three nonslaveholding
States from the newly acqnired
territory, to say nothing of Minesot*,
Nebraska, and Oregon, which will
soon be at our door. The South, now on
a footing of something near equality in
the Senate, will he thrown into a hopeless
and helpless minority.
'Fallen liken gfOlnntliorse, in front rank.
A pavement for the abject renr?
To o'errun and trample on.'
(Still, I suppose the Union-will survive
the destruction of the political balance,
but it is to sustain a severe shock before
it becomes settled upon the new basis of
Southern inequality u to person and
/iffTvnnn ^ ?
Among the strange groups going to
make up the population of San Krancisco,
not the least remarkable are the emigrnnta
from China. A ietter rays:
At least soventy-five houses have been
no ported from Canton, and urc put up by
Chinese carpenters. Nearly all the
chairs in privato families are of Chinese
manufacture, and there are t\o restaurants
in the town, kept by Kong- anw and
"Whamr-tonfT. where vrirv njiW-nhl* *hr?w
^ o- J w.?w?f
cow, curry, and torts aro served up by
iho celestials.
Another account says: We arc so fortunate
as to be located in a section of the
town where large numbers of Chinese
have pitched their tents, and we havo remarked
with wych int?ve?t the character
and habits of these people. Fioni early
morn until late in the evening thjsc indus
trious mrm'nro. * ?
?" * "on5wl1 'ii niuir ocuopr*
tion of house builders, of which a great
pinny have been exported from China;
and the quietness anu order, cheerfulness
iwd temperance, whkjh it observable in
their habit*, is noticed by every ens.
Search the city through and you will not
find an idle Chinaman; and their cleanli
neaa exceeds any other people wo ever
Nfwkr *4?'? "r-'if i
#Th? bmldinjva brought from China are
generally twenty feet square, ono atory in
height, nnd twelve feot from floor to ceiling.
The tim'txJra hr* round, nnd many of
SM-JStMl* iVj^v.Sv &S
them very crooked. We have noticed in
several instances the erection of China
buildings of double size, described nbovo;
but wo suppose that in such cases two
separate fratnos are erected together, thus
forming a single building. The first
movement after raising the frame is to attach
the window, which consists of a
frame and blinds, without sash. The
blind is so constructed as to close itself by
its own \vr?ii*l?f l"-5 '
.jj..v tiivi oiiiv UI UUUU1C
width outside* The Umber in very uniform
in size, and about six or eight inches
in diameter. The boards nre well seasoned,
and resemble American cedar. The
price of a C'hincse building, such as wo
have described, including the erection, is
$15;00. The building, however, consists
simply of the frame and covering.
They are brought from Hong-Kong.
j From the Baih (Mc) Times Nov. 12.
One of the most distressing shipwrecks
that has ever taken place on our coast,
occurred at the mouth of the Kcnnebcc
; about noon on Friday last, during the
I lnte heavy gale from the east. TMie ship
j Hanover, of Bath, Capt Ilogers, from (7a
diz with a full cargo of salt, In attompt!
ing to run into the river, struck on Pond
I r..- ?.?i .1 ? ' 1
tdxuiu I/in, aim milium lumicumteiy went
to piece-,and ;> it hands on board perished
For an account of the circumstances attending
tins fatal duuistea, we aro indebted
to an eye witness of every thing that
transpired, Mr. Oliver states that when
he futftsaw the Hanover she was about
two miles outside of Segnin, standing in
uimer inree reeled topsails, reefed foresail,
aud foretopmnst stay sails, with the
wind, as he judged .from E. by 8. or ESE
apparently making good weather, and
with a fair prospect of making a harbor
without difficulty. He accordingly got
in his boat in readiness for boarding the
ship which he intended to do, as booh as
she was up with Pond Island. lie soon
discovered however, that owinor to the
strong ebb tide that was setting out of
tlic river and westerly, t o ship wan rapidly
falling to leeward, and as she approached
the shore, the wind veered
more easterly and headed her off; and
under these circums/ancos, he soon saw
that she must fail to weather Pond Island,
he accordingly landed and took a
position on the point, a little to the westward
of the island, from which he had a
full view of what tollowed. Capt. Rogers,
finding he must fidl to the leeward,
tacked ship with a view, no doubt, as he
was well acq\inint?d with the coast, to
make a harbor to the west or to stand to
the open sen. The ship stayed with readiness,
but when bend to the wind she wns
met by a tromendous sen, which lifted
! her forward, and at the same timeset>
tling aft, her storn struck heavily on the
bar, carrying away the rudder, and liftj
ing the stern-post and the whole after
! nnrfc nf Sim
i ? _ ...v N/IIV uvn^T^i, |?(V^UU
off rapidly, ana the after yards not oeing
hauld, swung nround with her head
ashore. At this moment, boarded by a
heavy sea, she was thrown on her beam
ends and her topmasts carried away.
The crew gained the side of the ship, but
wero swept off by the sedond sea, and
<1 i ? ' e -
mo ?uiiujmasiB ioro ana nil were carried
by the bonrd. <S'he was literally ground
to atoms. In the almost incredily short
space of 20 minutes after tho Hanover
first struck, not an Appearance of her
wns to be seen, save the fragments that
were rolling in the surf along the beach.
The broadsides came on shore cj|tiite entire,
and also a considerable portion of tho
floor. The r.rsta nnd spars were wholly
broken to pieces. The bench for nearly
two muea is strewn with the fragments of
the wreck. Various articles of furniture
belonging to the ship, and of clothing
have been picked up, and among them
trunk of clothing belonging to Capt. Rog
ere. The ship's company i9 believed to
consist of seventeen persons, The namrs
nnd residence of the larger part of them
wo have nol been able to learn. Capt.
Rogers belonged to this city. Mr. Bartlett
and Mr. Hutchins, the first and second
officers, belonged to Pliipsburg;
.lobnson, Colored; West Bath; Samuel
Witham, Bath; and Mr. Batcheldcr,
?n -
a iuuuiii^) iiru mi null liro (II prcs*
ent known. Tho body of Cant. ..?jgei*s
was found on Saturday, and broueht to
tho city, Thut of a raan was also found,
but not recognized. The Hanover was
bnilt and owned by Levi Houghton, was
i' years old, and parried 650 tons. Sho
wiuj insured for f J 0,000. The enrgo was
We lenrn from sovernl gentlemen who
IllWo vioiln/l llin .(.I!. a. ?!._? il
wt v iinivvu wiu ouunc ui uiMWlCr, U1RT.IW5
timbor of tho Hanover is much flounder
than could have been expccfcd In a ship
ofheragfc. Therein ImtMttle or no appearance
of deoay, and fto "far as nound
I ness is concerned, she would lmvo run
: for many years.
'I've been among thu Now ZealAndcrs,'
quolli .Jnek, 'and there they use each oth?
er for fresh grub, ns regular us boiled duff
in a man of war's mess. They used to
I cat tnclr fathois nnd mothers when they
| got too old to take carc of themselves;
but now they've got to be moro civilized,
and so they only cat rickety children and
slaves, and enemies taken in battle.' 'A
decided instance of the progress of improvement
and march of mind,' said I.
'Well,' rejoined Jack, 'but it's a bad
thing for tho old folks. They don't take
to tho new fashion?they are in favor of
tlip (rnrwl #-*1*1 T 1 ''
...v viu vuowiiii i ncvur bi^cu inc j
thing myself, but Bill Brown, a messmato j
of mine, onco told mc that, when he was
at tho Bay of Islands, he seed a great
many poor old souls going about with
tears in their eyes, trying to get somebody
to eat them. One of thoin came
on 10 xne slup, and told thorn that he
could'nt find rest in the stomachs of any
of his kindred, and wanted to know if the
crew wonld'nt take him in. The skipper
told he was on monstrous short allow;
ance, but he could'nt accommodate him.
T\\c poor old fellow, Bill said, looked as
though hi i heart would break. There
worn nlnnhr -J * *? 1
..v.v |iivMi>jr UI nimins IUUI1U II1U KIlip, t\I1U
the skipper advised liim to jump overlx>ard;
but he could'nt bear the idea of
being cation raw.'?Killolah, in Blackwoods
Dr. Georgo Stephens Jones, of Boston,
communicates to the Afedical Journal
the following singular, though notxmprecedented,
case of the transformation
of the blood of an inebriate:
'I was called upon in great haste to see
A* L 1 ~ "
ii pituuiu wno was represented to be in a
(lying condition, nnd on my arrival at the
house I really found him sick, but far
from being as bad as was represented.
My patient had a severe attack of the
pleuritic The symptoms being very urgent,
I thought proper to take blood.
T\ic peculiar odor emitted by the blood
wVllln ninnin/v x 11
g nuui uivj vein, uigciuer ,
with the singular appearance it presented
after remaining in the bowl some few
minutes, led me to a further examination
of it. One hnlf (that is laternl half) was
of the normal appearance when drawn
from a pntiont laboring under an inflammatory
aftcction; the other half had the
appearance of milk upon the surface, so
much so that I questioned my assistants
as to tho fact, although I was quite positive
of the vessel being perfectly clean
when handed to me. I &ave the bowl a
rotary motiofi, yet the fluid would notmin
gle, remaining just the same as when first
'What is still moic interesting, nnd to
which 1113' attentien was attracted, were
the fumes of alcohol, which were so strong
that one would have supposed that article
to have been thrown in among the
blood. I did not apply alighted taper
to it, but have not the least doubt that if
I had I should have seen it ignite burning
with its lambent flame. Is it at nil
strange that we find in nut onpsies of those
persons who are in the habitual use of alcoholic
liquors such depositions and concretions?
Why should not their tissues
1 ?i? *t -? ^
uc bii>uoiuiiii</U wiicil uirar OlOOtl IS so
charged with carbon nnd hydrogen, which
is entirely foreign to ita vitality? Disease,
with all ita concomitants, must
needs make its ravages; the stomach suffering
first, the functions of assimilation d ?
stroyed; the brain from continued narcotism,
softens, breaks down, and the creature
'My nxtient, I learned, drank New England
ram in large doses often repeated.'
Ah Inhuman Doo.?If ever an age
was disgraced by the existonce of a
bloody and remorseless wretch, the pre
Bent is in thnt ef tho crimson-dy ;d murderer
Haynau. This brutal ruffian seems
to glory in his criinofl. A Vienna letter
speaking of the recent murder of Hattlunny
and other distinguished Hungarians,
nays: "On representation* biting made to
Hnynau against tloso executions, h? rek?
u~\ai? ? *
nviuin^ wuc JWI l'11If 113111*
whioh conferred unlimited powers upon
him. "They stylo me," ho snid, "a blood
hound, n tiger, a hyenn; I am ready to
take upon myself tho responsibility of
my nets," So much is he feared that tho
officials in Peath trembled for their livos
beoauso they had not hangod ttntthinn/
fit once instead of postponing tho exccu
tion for twolvo hours. Hnynau is anid to
have been greatly inconHed when bo
heard of the postponement. CVin such
a renior?cleK8 villian eacapo tho just puuus.
| inilUIVIIV \Jl 11(9
Mrs. Swisshulm, of the Pittsburg Saturday
Visiter, one of the ploasantest nnd
most original writers of the age, gives the
following matter-of-faot information in
one of her admirable 'letters to country
'There ave hundreds of girls in every
lar^e city, who parade the streets with
feathers, tlowcrs, silks and laces, whose
hands arc soft and white as useless can
make them, whose mothers keen Wv<l.
r WV.?,VI
crs to get a living for their idle daughters,
these mothers will cook, sweep, wait on
the tables, carry loads of marketing, do
! the most menial drudgery, toil late and
early with very little more clothing than
would be allowed to a Southern slave,
' while their hopeful daughters spend their
mornings lounging in bed; reading some
silly book, tuning lessons in music and
French, fixing finory, and the like. The
evenings arc devoted to dressing, displaying
their charms and accomplishments to
the best advantage, for the wonderment
ana admiration ot knights of the yard-stick
and young aspirants for professionnl lionore?doctors
without patients, lawyers
without clients?who areas brainless and
as soulless as themselves. After awhile
the piano-sounding simpleton captivates a
tape moasurlncr. liiw-oxnrfniHlimr r?v
v- - r *;
making simpleton. 7 he two ninnies
spend every cent that can bo raised by
hook or crook?get all that enn be got
on credit in broadcloth, satin, flowers, luces,
carriage, attendance, ctc.?hang their
empty pockets on somebody's chair, lay
I flmii' Krt?w1 - - * * 1
iiu?ii uii ouinuDoays pillow,
and commence their empty life with other
prospcct than living at somebody's ex
jiensc?with no higher purpose than living
genteelly nnd spiting their neighbors.
This is a synopsis of the lives of thousands
of street and ball-room belles, perhaps
of some whose shining costume you
have envied from a passing glance.
Thousands of women in cities dress el
egantly on the streets, who have not
a sufficiency of wh >lesome food, a comfortable
bed, or fire enough to warm their
rooms. I once boarded in a 'genteel
boarding house,' in Louisville. There
two young ladies and a piano in the house;
halls and parlor handsomely furnished.
The eldest young lady, the belle, wore a
summer bonnet at ten dollars, n silk and
blonde concern thnt could not last more
than two or three months; silk and satin
dresses at two, three and four dollars per
yard, and five dollars apiece for making
them: and the entire family?women, boys
and babies, nine in all?slept in one small
ruum, wun iwo uirty bags of pine shavings,
two straw oolsters, and throe dirty
quilts for beddiug: no sheets, no slips?
nnd there on the wall hung the pengreen
nnd white satin, the rich bilk and lawn
dresses. These* Indies did not work, hut
played the piano, accordeon and cards,
and nearly broke their hearts the week
I before we were there, because another,
who I presumed lived just as thev did.
" J '
culled on them with a great clumsy gold
chiftin on her ncck. None of them had
one, ond Miss Labalinda, the belle, could
eat no supper, and had a bud fit of the
sulks to console her for the want of a
chain. But, dear me! I had no notion
of running away off here. I was just
thinking how busy you country girls arc
apt to be in the fall, and this led mc to
think what a blessing it is lhat you have
something to do, and that you think it a
disgrace to live idly. It is a preat blessing
to live in a country whore it is a crcd
it to work, for idleness is the parent of
vice and misery. <S'o do not get weary or
think your lot a hard one wnen putting
up pickles or preserves, npple butter, sausages
and sauces fur future use.'
Jjit'le Graves.?Sacred places for pure
thoughts and holy meditations are the
little graves in tiio churchyard. Tbey
aro the depositories of mothers' sweetest
joys?hair unconscious buds of innocence
?humanity nipped by the first frost of
iimu, ere yet a single canker worm of pollution
had nested among its embryo petals.
Callous indeed must he the heart
of him who can Rtnw* by a little praveside
and not have the holiest emotions of
his soul awakened to the thoughts of thai
purity and joy which J^lonfr nlono to
liotl nr.rt Heaven; for th^nuto prcnclior
at his foet tolls liim of life begun nnd lifo
ended, without ft stain; and surely if this
bo vouchsafed to mortality, how much
purer find holier must bo the spiritual
land, enlightened by the sun of infinito
goodnes? whtrticfl ???!
I ^rief young sojourner among jisl How
swolls tho heart of the parent with
mournful jov, whilo standing by tit# cold
earth bod of lost little ones! Mournful
he cause *>vcct tieasuro is taken away,
iovful. bpfWlllSft- tVlofc
1, ^ , nn IVV?UIW UtMV.UrU I
gliders in the diadem of the Redeemer. I
Tub Baconian Systkm.?At one o
the great, laird manufacturing establish*
ments in Cincinnati, where they 'try out*
000 hogs a day, the entire animal exclusive
of the hams, is reduced to ft grease
spot by a remnrhle summary piocess.
7'he factory has seven large circular tanks',
of an nmn'ocrnln rimnnitv t.\ u/t r\n/i
no" "O""" v"vj vv/ num uv|WW
lbs. These tanks rcccivc the entire carcass,
barring the hams, ami tho mass is
subjected U> a steam process, with a pressure
of 10 lbs on the square inch, which
dissolves it as the aquafortis bath melted
the Veiled Prophet. Every drop of oleaginous
juice is squeezed out of tho
quadruped, nnd its bones arc reduced to
powder. 7'hefatis drawn off, nnd tho
rcsidum used ns manure. The idea of
feeding the insatiable tonka with a cont inuous
stream of hogs, just as you would
teed (ho hopper of ft mill with corn, has
something grand and startling in it. One
wonders that tho porcine genus docs not
run out under the tremendous consumption;
for there nrc upwards of thirty of
UK.-3U motorics in i;incinnnu alone, unci it
they use up 200 hogs per day for three
months in the year, it involves an annual
annihilation of half a million of
swine. The sows in that region must be
remarkably prolific. And only think of
treating the creatures as (he French do
frogs?cutting off their hind legs for tho
t.i.i t ?? . ? ?.-< ?i . . ?
utuiu uuu muKing itfjni o\ an lllO I'CSt OI
the carcarcass? Awful waste, is it no;?
Wo never heard of a rasher proceeding.
Anecdote of Franklin. ?Doctor Franklin
and I, (said Jefiorson) were sometime
together in .Paris, and wo dined ono day
in n mixed company of distinguished
French and American characters. The
Abbe Raynal and Franklin had much
conversation; amongst other things th?
French philosopher obseived that all
things in America, degenerated, tmd he
made many learned and profound oh
serrations to show this effect of the climate
on people, although recently from
a European stock. Franklin listened with
his usual patience and attention, and, nfiL
A ll- I * * ? 1 * *
tcr me jvouo nno iinisiH-o, pleasantly remarked,
that where a difference of opinion
existed, it was the custom of deliberative
assemblies to divide the house; ho
therefore proposed that the Europeans
should go to one hide of the room, nnd
the Americans to tho other, that the
question might he fairly taken. It so
happened that the Americans present
were stout men, full of life, health and
vigor, while the Europeans wore small,
meagre and dwarfish. The Doctor, with
a smile, cast his eye aionj* the lir.os, ar.d
Raynal candidly ncknosvlcdged the rol'u
tntion of Ins theory.
New York Election.?~The result in
(his State is n tolerably equal Division of
the ollk.es. Wn the ticket voted for by
the State at large, The Democrats elected
the Judge of the Court of Appeals,
tho Attorney General, the Canal Com
missioner nna the ?b'tate frison Inspector,
and tho Whigs Comptroller, /Secretary
of State, Treasurer, and the Engineer.
Of the eight Judges of the Superior
Court, elected by districts, the
Democrats have elected four, the Whigs
four. Iu the Legislature, the Whigs
have a majority Af 2 in the Senate, and
the Democrats 2 majority intho House,
making a tie on joint ballot.
Tub Boi.ton Olatrvoyantk.?Tho
Manchester tiuavdian, contains a long account
of the second interview between Mr.
Haddock, a friend of Sir John Franklin,
and tho Rolton oJiiirvoyanlo. <Sbe professed
to baveHiad interviews with Sir John
Franklin and Sir James Ross; described
their position in the ice, with sundry other
minutifB. Sho said she had somo refreshment
with Sir John Franklin, who
had hi9 provisions in thick tin boxes. He
had also some hard meat in a biwtnVi. Sir
ry *
John she raid voukl he out of the ice ir*
less than 1) months. T'hat it was ten nflnntes
past cle.vort hy Sit John's time ; and
a quarter past (en a good while nfter by
Sir James float' time. Thnt she went a
pood way further than #ir James Ross,
where' it was very duvk, 'nnd the stars
went round nnd did not twinkle, but she
wan bui c it \\rb quite ridiculous to attempt
to find n road for ships over thete. Thnfc
5ir J. had b<vh a grout way over the
country, hut hnd returned to his ship.
That Sir John Franklin had see.n the natives,
hut not Sir James "Ross; and tliat
there were two ships on their wnv
? J
which wtMd briitjr Mp$d news. 5The
statements of this girl have cxcitod attention
at tho Admiralty, nnd the mntter is
said to have been inquired after in high,
quartern. ?
Wti?n conti, bcota an I Jncfcoto are taken,
Hy Mnr |,i "( i"ufl?qu:t'i(ivo flpoUMIL' !
Jji rofpocttoretainingourffe?i4bln**! i

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