Newspaper Page Text
??1T?? ??3?W? ' III < ?iI?
executive jlnttfllfjkrence in cali fgiinia; Since the subject 6F the admission of Onlifor niwiw a State, lias boon presented to Ooti^rost rauchk?b?pn said a* to whom the credit of the movement is due. Ex-Governor Brown, a rep reftcntativu in Congress from Mississippi, assei ted in a "tercnt ppeech in the House, that it wof due to the present administration. This Iuve been denied t>v T. Butter Kiiuj, in a letter pub litthcd extensively in the whig papers. Mr, King charges ft upon the late administration? upon Mr. l'olk, Mr. Buchanan, and Mr Marey. Mr. Brown has called upon the two remaining parties living, for evidence in tho matter, Mcs-rs. Buchanan nn<l Marcy, nmi the following is ihrir reply:? Constitutionalist. Wu.Ati.AND, (near 1-aucastor,) Feb. 26,1650. Diuk (Sir:?I have this moment received your f*vor of yesterday, enclosing a copy of the card of Mr. T. Hutlor Ring, of the 23rd instant which contain the following extract from tlio proclamation of Gen. Riley. 'The method here indicated to attain what is desired by all, vix: a more perfect political organization, is deemed the most direct and t>afe that can be adopted, and fully authorized by law. Itislhe court*? advised by the President nud by the Secretaries of State and of War of the United States, and is calculated to avoid the inmlnfevable evils which must necessarily result from any attempt at illegal local legisla?;<?. Tt ;? ?r? i I :* ? " IV wui IIH:VI> II1>: ?J>" probation of tho pooplo of California, a<xl that all good citizens will unite is carrying it into execution." You "inquire whether Gen. Riley had your fmy] authority to issue tliat proclamation, or to Bay that you TI] had advised the method therein indicated for forming n State government in California." To this question T answer without hesitation, in the negative. My letter to Mr. Voortrics, of the 1th October, 1848, was carefully considered by Mr. Polk and his cabinet, and received their unanimous approbation. It was written chiefly for the purpose, as appears upon its face, of inducing tlie people of California to submit patiently to the condition in which they had l>ccn left, until Congress should nrovico for them a territorial government. My partial acquaintance with Gen, RUev is very slight, and I never had any communication with him verbal or written, on the subject of forming a Stato government for California. You further request me to stato whether exPresident Polk or ex-Secretary Maroy, oa far as you [IJ know, authorised (Jen. Kile) to issue that proclamation, or whether either of them advised the course of policy therein indicated in reference to California. To this I answer, that to my kuowlodgc neither Mr. l'olk nor Mr. Mnrcy ever gave such authority or advice to Gen. Riley. If either of them issued any instructions, or gave any advice to him, at variance with my letter of the 7th of October, 1848,1am entirely ignorant of it: and I do not bolievo tliev did. It is certain thatiiiv Folk, in his animal message of the 5th December, 1818, approved of tlist letter in strong terms, and communicated a copy o( to Congress, Yours, very respectfully. James Bug n an am, Hon. A. O.Bruton. Deak/Sih.?I have seen Mr Buchanan's letter to you of the 26th ultimo, and assure you he is correct in his statement of my action, as Secretary of War, in the matter referred to. Gen. Riley had no instructions from ine but those contained in the public document#, and I am uuru tiiujr umuMit'ii iiuii uu uuuiuriiy or warrant for the part he took in regard to the civil grvummcnt Califoniift. Vcry respoctfully, your ob't servant, W. L. Uarcv. Huii. A. 0. Brown. [From the N. Y. Evening Pos/.] A DF.RKKTKR Welcomed WITH Art>f m ituv Wnl\e<nr'c cnonol/ uuite flirt u/iuum, un i t if vuouvi o uuivo niv Washington Union exactly. In its Saturday's sheet it says: "The politicians who lead the slave interest were already at our mercy. We might have insisted on tho admission ol California without compact or condition of any sort, :ind no more disturbance would have followed than when we pass a law revising the tariff. The very men who threatened disunion, wcra afraid tc take a single step towards their pretended purpose; they who proposed the Nashville Convention, could not engage the co-operation of half a dozen states, and were already frightened at their owr audacity; the south itself was rising up te rebuke disuuion; the mediated trcasor was ucnounccdin I'lorfii ana Texas, uuc Louisiana, and North Carolina, nnd Ken tucky. , Tennessee, in which the Conven tion was to be Veld, declined becoming i party to it. The slaveholders themselves in fear for the security of their possession were beginning to signify their displeas ure. We had the faction at our mercy closely pressed and on the point of sur rendering at discretion. "Of the fifteen slave states, there woulc not bd two in which the monster head o disunion could be raised with any effect and there would be thousands and tens of thousands of gallant and loyal heart! who would spring to their arms, in Liu very states where any such attemp1 might be made, and hundreds of thou sands in the surrounding states, who, i need there be, wo^d follow the exam pie. As to tltff reported threat, that tin southern members would withdraw fron Congress, -we consider it puerile and idle "We doubi if there 13 n single member ir either House, who would dare to face hi: constituents on such grounds; and wel we know, if any of the delegation fron TyuiUiarm wf?rrt tftcnrnfl hom?; under sucl circumstancos, they would receive per mission to remain there for the remainde of their lives, and wfntld bo consigned U the most profound and > ilent political ob livton. We have, however, no fear tha nny ^fthe deligation of this state will ac such a senseless part; for though opposet tp most of them In politics, we are con vincfd they hare too much judgcmen and sound discretion, and too well understand their duty and the sentiments of their constituents, to follow suoh a lead. > ****** General Taylor may rely upon the cordial support of Louisiana, and we believe i also on the great body of the people of 1 the entire south, in bomg supported in all his efforts?"jxarrahhj, ' if it can he thus ..IT, . A 1 1 .. 'M.'*) !/ . r .. t-uruwHi, anu -jorcuny u necessary?ior maintaining ;md preserving the Union Against the separate or united attempts of fanatics, demagogues or factionists." ItEOWISE COU RIEIt Friday, Tlarrlt SO, I SAO. With u view of accommodating our Sub serihers who live at n distance, tlie following gentlemen nro authorized arid requested to net as agents in receiving and forwarding Sub criptions to the Keowee Couiikr, viz: Maj. W. S. Grisham, at West Union, Edward Hcoam, Esq., " HorseShoe. E. 1'. VKuxER, Es?j.t " Bachelor'sRetreat M. F. Mitchki.i., Esq.. " Pickensville. J. E. IIauowd, " Twelve Mile. J. T. Wkbb, for Anderson District. THE HANK. We conclude tins week the publication of the Report of the Committee of investigation on tho Branch Bank at Columbia, and will ask our readers to give it a care- J ful perusal as it will well repay them The facts set forth in this report cannot be controdictcd, and enough is brought to light in it to satisfy any unprejudiced mind that the Bank has failed to accomplish the purposes of its creation. We invite attention to the card of the representatives of this District. We scarcely deem it necessary to urge our citizens to conic up to the meeting, since we are already satisfied that the deep interest they feel in the matters then to be considered will prompt them to attend en maatte. The Election District of Peudleton will be entitled to 8 representa tives in the Congressional convention, and our iwm sister, Anderson, wuh Decora.! ing modesty, having Appointed only four, tho people of this District lmve the selection of four otheis for a like purpose, and to act in conjunction ?rith those of Anderson. Remember, the meeting will be held on Tuesday of court week. THE WEATHER. 3/onday and Tuesday last, were ns bright an as pleasant as an April day; but on Wednesday a cold East rain brought great coats, and blazing fires again into demand. On Wednesday night it snowed, covering the ground and house tops to the depth of an inch, which lny until some time in the day Thursdny. The fruit is unquestionably killed, as all the trees were in full bloom. MR. CALHOUN. Accounts from Washington state that Mr. Calhoun is again extremely low, and , that serious fears arc entertained that he s cannot recover. i The trial of Dr. Webster for the mur' der of Dr. Parkman in Boston, was commenced on the 19th inst. The testimony , introduced is very unfavorable to the , prisoner. i *? > ANDERSON COURT. > The Court for Anderson District was ^ I in session this week, h;a Honor Judge I tlT',l * wliners presiding. we regret to state t that .Fudge Withers has been indisposed s for some lime, but we find that he docs > not allow his indisposition to prevent the " speedy transaction of business His ' chnrgc to the Grand Jury was an able one, embracing tneir antics, ana aweiiing ] upon their obligation under their oath to f present all violations of the law that . might come within their view and know' ledge, as wcjlas all matters of neglect of ^ public duly by an officer or board of t commissioners. The docket at Anderson was a small f one, and no case of importance. Court would nrohahlv ndinuin nn Thursrlnc > I J ?J / J CONGRESS. t Owing to the confusion in the mails, 9 we have but littic news from this body. 1 and what we have tends rather to alarm 1 us for the safety of our Government. Mr. Webster has declared himself in favor of fo/lniicclAn r\f Ool!f/M-riir* uiitK %* /%? Y DIIV OUUII9CIVII V* ' IIMIWIIIUJ Willi 11*51 |I1 CJI* > ant boundaries, wif.h her present Consti" tulion, and in its present shape. This, it j; would seem leaves but little doubt as to j the admission of that State, and the - &cath thus by the intrigue and cunning t of a Southern President is to be cheated -1 1 out of ii* just rights, nnd tiro "Wllniot I Proviso tits worst shape is to be the or- j der of tlijdny. Every move iu Congress I confinnsto r. Calhouns views, that the i South is the Afcrcy of a merciless ma- J jority. 4 The S iato by a vote of 22 to 15 have 1 rdfceived w&ons pre-wnted by Seward of New-York, against the extension of s slavery and th<NidinUsion of any more j slave States. Trill the South submit to i these outrages? Till sbe be content to remain innn Union Vhere the will of a ty- i rant majority is to |e the supreme law of the land? Will shebo satisfied to become ; the degraded and/ powerless minority with her Constitutional rights utterly d:s- : i regarded? tWill swithout a struggle, < yield to Northern fanaticism? Will she be lead on to disgnu ; and ruin by the cry rtf ??TT|II#\11- 1 La rr miAiio TTl^trtn"9 Wn I a answered from all Tlien let her rally round the Constitution and holding that sacred instrument Su her hands, let this, as it will, be her tiotto, "Union with equal rights and a strict adherancc to the Constitution, disunion without." Public Meeting at Anderson C. II, 1 ! ?By request, his Honor, Judge Withers adjourned the Court for two hours to afford the citizens an opportunity of hold ing a public rhe'eling on the snbjcct of the Southern Convention. The meeting was fully attended and but one sentiment seemed to prevail. On motion of Maj. Harrison, Col. Nor ! ris was callrd to the chair, and G'h plain Wilkes requested to act as secretary, , I The ohairruan acknowledged liis gratitude for the honor conferred, alluded briefly to the object of the mooting, and ! requested, some gentleman present to ex- j j plain more at large its objects. F. M. Norris, Esq., then offered a series of reiblutlons, which he advocated i in a few brief and poiotcd remarks,?the resolutions set forth in a preamble the critical situation of our country, and the Union?jpproved the,late action of the people of(^fississippi on the subject of a Southern Convention at Nashville, and the course taken by the Legislature of South 0m}Hna, and rccommcndcd the | raising of'cottimittce co. posed of two : from each't>< at company of the District, to nominate delegates to meet other delegates of the Congressional District, io elect delegates to the conventiou at Nash, ville in June. ^ yhe mover bogged to be excused from acting as chairman of the committeo The committee were appointed by the chair, and retired to make out a report. During their absence Capt, Reed was called for, and responded promptly?lie expiated at large upon the state of the Union?was pathetic, patriotic, and detenuinrdTipon the action to be taken by &outh. The committees returned, and report ed the fol owing delegates for the Con gressionnl convention at Greenville on? day of April next, Viz: A. N. M'Fnll, J. W. Harrison, Pr. W. Anderson, and 13. F. 81oo>v Gen. Whilner suggested the propriety of the meeting expressing an opinion in reference to the appointment ,1 ?1 4a? t it. . Oi.l. - A. 1 . t -1 ui u<mi g.ucs tur iiiu oiiiu: in mrge oy mc Legislature; when the following resolution was offered by F. Burt, and adopted?that we approvo of tho selection by our Legislature, of Cheves, Elmore, Barn well, and Hammond to represent the State in tho Nashville Convention. A large number of citizens were present, and 1A_ 1 - * no man seemcu 10 oe unconcerned on the great question which uow agitates the country. We fcive in another column an editorial from the New York Evening Post, the organ of the New York Free-soilors, devoted to the castigatior of the unfortunate Webster, unfortunate in having displeased the Hqrth by a speech which did not hove the effort of conciliating the South, for he gave to the South too much to be plcasijig to the on? party and too little to satisfy,the other. To the North hftgayg; | "whenever the Wilmot Proviso can be applied to a territory into which slavery I is likely' to go. I shall support it with all my strength," and turning to the jSouth consoles it thus, "whenever the Proviso is to be applied to a territory into which the decrees of Providence itself have forbidden slavery to come, I shall not sup, port it." In other words he holds him, j self ready to strike the South whenever j a blow can be made to Inke effect, tut is iU.?ii>???ji..Bi ' ' t v.??r?o??aw??> not disposed to insult when ho cannot injtftcj nnd for tliid rare and merciful for. tiearanee the hue and cr)' hius been raised igainst bin) at home, while the Abolition Presses pour out on the unhappy man I Hoods of that Billingsgate in which their j k'ocabulaiiesso singularly abound. The Post knows that before Mr. Web* iter's "defection," the "Southern faction" ivas about to surrender at discretion, California could have been admitted "without compact or condition," or any other abolition iniquity might have been perpetrated, and no fear need have been entertained of any disturbance; the craven and cowardly leaders of the South, deserted by their constituents and ' frightened at their own audacity," were ready to acquiesce in any injustice, and were only awaiting an opportunity tamely to submit then necks, anil the necks ol their countrymen, to the yoke of Northern supremacy; and the Post is exasperated because Mr. Webster's "traitorous ret rent" has deferred the hour of Northern tri- S \ i o a\ i 1 *: umpu anu nuiunt'iii munuiuuuii. i m- ; Post is assured by the Now Orleans Bui- i let in that "the great mass of the Southern people were rising to rebuke the spirit of disunion," and Gen. 7'uylor and his I Abolition coajutors are encouraged to go on in their iniquitous course, because^ from the opposition of the Southern people, who preferred slavery in, to freedom out of the Union, nothing was to be j dreaded. "O monstrous treachery! can thisl c so; That in allegiiincc, amity and oatl.s, Thera should bo found snoli fulso iliftsr?nil>liii(r , guilu." Are these men in earnest? do they really believe what they say to bo true'? are they so egregiously mistaken as to suppose that the South has been or can be frightened from her position? or may they not rather be classed among those foul and malignant spirits who delight in wicked- m. s?who not in confusion, falshood and treachery, and who shrink from the light of the day, but whoso voices may be heard in the midnight hours howling to the howling storm,?spirits who in the days of peace and prosperity wander in by-paths or hido in holes and desert places, but who in troubled times come baldly out to stir up evil, and to work in tho gloom of civil discord their works of iniquity. It is such men as the Editors of the Post and JBulletin who have raised and who n do the storm of fanaticism which is raging at the North, they are tho men who by inflaming the passions of the populace and by misrepresenting to them the sentiments and feelings of the South, are tirging the blind and infatuated multitude to acts of injustice and oppression which will cause the destruction of this great Confederacy and bring upon our country all the horrors of anarchy and civil war. In view of thci;* course "n relation to the difficulties growing out of the slavery question, well may these men exclai-n with the foul spirit in Manfred: ' I am the rider of the wind, The ruler of tho storm, The hurricane I left Ix-hind la yet with iigatnmg warm. Aye, so it is with "lightning warm,'' ?but for the fury of the storm went the South are not responsible, the responsibility rests with those whose wicked deeds have conjured it up, and if war is to follow our efforts to resist oppression, upon the heads of Northern men and upon the heads of their children will lie the sin of all the blood that must flow. An English paper slates that the celebrated Daniel Webster, the expounder of the Constitution, is to be hung in New York, for poisoning one Judge Parker to ; death. T\\a Carolinian says: This reminds us of an anecdotc told of a British nobleman, who was introduced to Mr. Webster when in England some years ago, "I have never before had the pleasure-of seeing you," (said Bull,) "but I have often seen your spelling book." Verily, these John Hulls are strange fellows. Tat a.vi> Pupuixo.?A friend relates tlio fol lowing, J>axt spring, a lady in (he country employed 'i newly imported Irish gardncr. Pat commenced his work in the morning, ns his dinner win sent to him at the proper time, contain ing among other things a large sweet |M>taio Pat ate hit* dinner and found it much to his liking, particularly the ?>otato. lifter quitting work at night, l5at makes his way liat in hand, to the lady, und says: ' Indade, madnme, it wa/i an illigant pudding you sent me for my dinner but bo Jabcr, and how did ye put it in the tkinf* 1 '11 1- II 1 . CONGRESS. Washington, March 18, 18.50. In tbc Senate, nficr the presentation of petitions, the consideration of Mr. Clay's resolutions was resumed, and Mr. Badgcr addressed the Senate on the subject. He argued that a dissolution of the Pnion was possible in certain contingencies, and, therefore, great care should be taken to guard against such contingencies. The South had a rilrlu to ask the en forecment of the provision for the recapture of fugitive slaves. This was a question of right; if there was anything in the Constitution to be relied on, it was this. "Without the enforcement of that provision, there could he no permanent pacification between the North and South. lie replied to many points in Mr. Se,-ward's speech, and showed from the nwijuture that, if slaverv was an evil, it was%ot a sin. If the sentiments of the Senator from New York(Mr. Seward)wereJthose of the Northern people, or anv large nortion of thorn, this Union could not stand. Mr. Bndger gave way to n motion to go into Executive session, without concluding. The Senate spent some time in Executive session, and adjourned. In the House of Representatives, Mr. Bayly gave notice that ho would to'-tnorro\v ask the House to go into committee of the whole on the state of the Union to tak > ut. the deficiency in the approprintio i bill. Mr. Boyd, of Ivy., presented the memorial and credentials of the delegates elect from California, and the constitution of th it ,S'tatc; which we>e ordered to He on the table and he printed. Mr. Hi own, of Miss., objected to the reception of the papers. The Speaker ruled that it was too late; that the papers had been received and ordered to be printed. On motion of Mi. Thomas, of Tenn., the rules were suspended, and the House resolved itself into committee of the whole, (Mr. Bovd, of Ivy., in the chair,) and resumed the consideration of the bill to admit California as a Stato into the Union Mr. Williams, of Tonu., was entitled to the floor, and spoko for an hour in discussing the question* involved in the admission of California. Mr. Casey foil wed and spoke his hour. Mr. Giddings next obtained the floor, and made a personal reply to the recent ; speccn 01 Mr. wmtnrop. no was followed by Mi. Thurston, of Oregon, who yielded the floor to a motion that the committee rise. The committee rose and t' .e Abuse adjourned.?[Baltimore Sun. From the South Carolinian. FOREIGN NEWS The Queen lias issued a proclamation, offering a reward of forty thousand pounds to any navigators or others who will discover or give information which will lead to the discovery of Sir John Franklin or any of his party. The French revenue is said to He fully adequate to all the public demanu?, without a re sort to loanso r the levvinc of new and cxtn ordinary taxes. France and Russia have arrived at an understanding on the Greek question, and are smd to bo fully united. Letters from Toulon say that tho frencli fleet in tho Levant has sailed for the Greek coast. The French army is to be reduced to a torce of tour hundred and eighty thousand men. It is said that England ha* proposed to abolish the office of Lord Lieutr- nt of Ireland and the vice rognl court,jjitcnd ing to manage Irish affairs through the Home Donartment. Affairs in Canada, and particularly tho annexation movement, excite but little general interest. The conduct of Lord Palmers ton in regard to Grcece is gonerally condemned. j Russia protests against it. It is believed that the Czar will aid Greece against England. T\\c London Gazette, in an articlo on thin question, says that the Queen has sent orders to Mn.Ita for a cessation of* iiAcf llilinu nrrnmcf ronnA | uwvuikivo u^uiugv v* * VV/VA. The ahnistice between Donmark and i tho Duchies of Schleswig-IIolstein is to I be prolonged, which destroys the anticipated resumption of hostilitUife between the belligerents. It is reported that Denmark has concluded a private treaty with Prussia. The commercial accounts from India are of a favorable character. It is roporj ted that nn import duty of 8 per cent i will be imposed on cotton piece good", i Russian troops aro about to oeeupy I ' -n 1 i i iv?i /.i!!:!. ? j.runny ivniiin* hiuiuui w iiiiuru mutiny ui Austrian troops to pass into Italy. Ilnynau is raising additional troops. Accounts from Ittnly say that tho i J?o^e has not yet returned to Rome. Pnkumonia.?Mortality caused by this disease js prevailing to a coneideraj ble extent in this District. Numerous deaths have occurred within the past || ; ten dim. It is likely to prove an epi- HI demic here, as it haa dono in other parts 9 j of this 6't/ite.?Erskine Mis.