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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, April 12, 1850, Image 1

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KEOWEE COURIER.
" TO TIIINE OWN SELF HE TRUE, AND IT MIST FOLI.OW, AS T1IE NICJIT THE DAY, THOU CAN'ST NOT THEN UK FA 1.8E TO ANV MAN."
VOL. i. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 12, 1850. NO 47
THE
KEOWEG COURIER,
rm.NTED AND rUDMSIIKI) WEEKLY BY
W. II. TRIMMIER.
i
TEIOIS.
One Dollar ami Fifty Cento for one year's
subscription when paid within three n\ontli?.
a wo dollars if payment is delayed to the close
of tlie subscription year.
AM subscriptions not clearly thnitrd, will be
t;< n itdcrcd as made for an indefinite time, and
continued till n discontinuance is ordered and
nil aiTcarages pai.l.
Advtrtitcmcntx inserted nt *(5 centa per
square for the first insertion, nnd 37 1-2 cts. lor
sr.ch continued insertion. Liberal deductions
mado to those advertising by the year.
tw All Communications should be addressed
to the Publisher post paid
'linger notlong!
Our readers will remember an announcement
tl..i Vf- cil!-t "
... ? IIIW unit Dir. OllCIUlCy, Ot JJOStOU, .1
Jughly rospectabio merchant who had just returned
with nn ample fortune from California,
had committed suicide in a fit of insanity. In
his pocket ivero found the following verses writ
ten by his wife, and given him 011 tho eve of bis
departure fo. California. They had accompa.
liied bim 'nail liisjonrneyings. Are tlicy not
touching?
A WIFE TO HER HUSBAND.
Linger not long. Homo is not home without thcc
Its dearest tokens do but make me mourn,
Oh! let its memory, like n chain about thee,
Gently compel and hasten thy return.
Linger not long. Though crowds should woo
thy staying.
Bethink thee, can the mirth of friends though
dear,
Compensate for the. pcrief thy long delaying
Costs the fond heart that sighs to have thee
here?
Linger not long. IIow shall I watch thy com*
ing>
As evening shadows stretch o'er moor and
dell;
W1 a. -in ? - -
m huei i nc amiu dcc nnsccoscd her busy humming,
And silence hangs on nil things like a spell!
How I shall wnteh for thco, when fenrs grow
Btronger,
As night grows dark and darker oti the liill!
How I shall weep, when I can watch 110 longer)
Ah! art thou absent, art thou absent still!
Yet I should grieve not, though the eye tha*
Rceth mo,
Onsoth through tear^ that r.'.ako its splendor
dull;
For old I sometimes fear when tlioU rift with
me,
Mv O-im nf lionninnoo So A11 A.If
j y .M?|'|/UIVOO IO <111 IUU llllll
Haste, haste theo homo into thy mountain
dwelling,
Haste, as n bird unto itspcflceful nestl
Haste, as a skiff, when tempests wild are swelling,
Flies to its haven of securest rest!
Correspondence of the Charleston M'/fcury.
CONGRESSIONAL.
Washington, April 1, 1850.
Congress assembled to-day, at twelve
o'clock, nnd nil business was suspended,
waiting the annoucement that the great
j est light of the age had been extinguished?the
greatest intellect of modern
times had ueen stilled?by the hand of
Death. It was a solemn sccno to witness.
Both Chambers were crowded to
overflowing, and the stillness that pervaded
the vast assemblage, told plainly
that some great calamity had happened
to the country. John C. Caljiouk, a
name identified with all that is pure, and
noble, and patriotic, is no more. He
sleeps in death, and the whole people
gather around his bier, and deplore the
Lexhorable decree that consigns him to
tVi<?
IThe Senate of the United States is assemblcd.
Judge Butler mises in his
place, and, with deep nnd poignant emotion,
addrosses himself to hi? solemn task.
In a very tremulous nnd sorrowful voico
I he announces tho death of his colleague,
nnd, while not a breath disturbs the
deathlike quiet of the scene, he thus
touchingly and eloquently announces the
aad and melancholy event:
Mn. PRKBiL/tNT: 1 rir e to discharge a
most mmnnfttl duty, nnd one which devolves
in it considerations well calculated
to arrest the attention of this body. It
Iih to announce the death of my Into colleague,
the Honorable John Cai.uwklt.
Camioun. Ho died at his lodgings in
this city on yesterday morning, at half
after seven o clock. He was conscious
of his approaching end, and mot death
with fortitude and uncommon serenity.
7/c had manj* admonitions of its appi oach,
and doubtlosrt had not been indifl'eientto
(hem. With his usual repugnance to
w
professions, lie said little for effect on the s
world; and his last hours Wore an cxenv !
plification of his life and character?truth I 1
ana simplicity. For some years past Mr. i
Calhoun has been suffering under a pul- ]
monary complaint, and under its effects 1
could not have reckoned on any but a 1
snort existence; such was his own con- 1
viction. The immediate cause of his 1
death was an affection of the heart. A J
few hours before he expired, ho became 1
sensible of his situation, and when lie i
was unable to speak, his eye and look i i
evinced recognition and intelligence of 1
what was passing. One of the hist di- !
rcctions ho gave, was to ft dutiful son, 1
j who had boon attending him, to put {
away some manuscripts which had been <
written n short time before under his di- 1
j rection. Mr. Calhoun was the least des- ^
pondent man I ever knew. lie had in 1
nn mninnnt. ilonri-nn cilf
-.-.vqiv.' v1jv o^ll'OUOUUIIKlw i
[jowcrof intellect. The last place, and i
lis last remarks, are exemplifications of 1
what I have just said, jl/entnl detetmi- 1
nations sustained him, while all others <
were in despair. We saw him a few days j I
ago in a scat near me, and which he had '
so long occupied; we saw the struggle I 1
of a great mind, exerting itself to sustain \ ?
and overcome the weakness and infirmi- I 1
ties of a feeble body. It was the exhi- '
, bition of a wounded eagle, with his eyes j
turned towards the heavens in which he j
' had soared, but into which his wings
could never cany him again. Mr. President,
Mr. Calhoun has lived in an eventful
period of our Itcpublic, and has acted
a distinguished part. I surely do not
venture too much when I say that his
reputation forms a striking part of a glorious
history. Sincc 1811 until this time,
he has been responsibly connectcd with
the Federal Government, as Representative.
Sf?.nni.nr nnhinnl Aftnlcfnr- ??''
President. Tie has been identified with ]
the greatest events in the political history
of our country, and I hope I may be \
permitted to say that he has been equal i
to all the duties which were devolved i
upon him. In the many critical junc- i
lures in which he was placed, having to 1
net a responsible part, he always acted a \
' decided part. It would not become me, <
as his friend, to venture on the judgment ]
which awaits his memory; that will bo 1
performed by posterity. Before the im- 1
partial tribunal of History, it may be that <
he will have had the fate, and will have i
given to him the the judgment, that has i <
| been awarded lo Chatham. I would do !
. the memory of my friend injustice, were
were I tlOt to speak of his life in the splr- !
it of history. The dignity of his whole
character would rebuke any tono of remark
which truth and judgment would
not sanction.
Mr. Calhoun wan a native of South
Carolina, and was born In Abbeville Dls*
trict, on the 18th J/arch, 1782. He was
of Irish family. His father, Patrick
Calhoun, was born in Ireland, and at an
early age came to Pennsylvania, and
thence to the Western part of Virginia,
and after Braddock's defeat moved to
South Carolina. In 1756 he ntld his
family gave name to what is known as
the Calhoun Settlement- in AKW.vSllo
, ... J
District* The mother of my collenge was I
a Miss Caldwell, born in Charlotte couflty, J
Virginia. The character of his parents *
had no doubt a sensible influence on the 1 1
destiny of their distinguished son. Ilis 1
father had energy and enterprise, com- ^
bined with perseverance and great men- <
ol -i ' '
?.1 uvkviiuiiKtnuii. xX13 lliuiliur OClOIIgCU ' >
to ft family cf Revolutionary heroes; two I <
of her brothers were distinguished Jn ttic ' 1
war; their names and achievements arc i t
not left to tradition, but constitute part! ?
of the history of the times, Mr. Cal- | >
houn was born in the Revolution, and hi t
his childhood felt the influence of its ex- | t
citing traditions. lie derived from the | c
paternal stock, intellect and self-reliance; t
and fro: \ tbc Caldwells, enthusiasm and f
impulse. The traditions of tl.e Rcvolu- <
tion had a sensible influence on his tem- c
per and character. Mr. Calhoun fn ids 1
childhood, had but lhn'fted advantages of I
what is termed litemry tuition. His pa- ]
rents T5voJ in ft newly settled country, i
and among ft spftrse population. This (
population bad little intercourse with the i
lower country of Cmolina, and was sus- ?
tained by emigrants from Virginia, and 1
Pennsylvania. There was of course but *
limited means of instruction for children, s
and they imbibed most of their lessons J
from conversation with their parents, i
Mr. Calhoun has always expressed him- I
self deeply sensiblo to that influence. t
At the age ol thirteen he was put lit* *
der tho charge of his brother-in-law Dr. <
Waddcl, in Columbia county, Georgia, f
Scarcely had he commenced his literary c
course, beforo his father and sister died. 1
His brother-in-law, Dr. Waddclf, devoted '
himself, about this time, to his clerical du- f
ties, and was a good deal absent from 1
home. On hw sccond marriage, he rc- '
nimcd the duties of his Academy, and in
Ills nineteenth year, Mr. Cnlhonn put
Irimself under tlie charge of this distinguished
teacher. It must not bo supposed
that his mind, before (his time,
md been unemployed, lie had availed
liimself of the advantages of a small library,
and had been deeply inspired by
Iris reading of history. It was un 'cr
well influence that he entered the acadenv
of his nrccontor. His nrnirmsc wna
- , A I j'.vjj.vw ",,w
rapid; he looked forward to a higher
irena with the greatest engerncss. lie
became a student in Yalo College in 1802,
ind graduated two years afterwards,
with the distinction of a young man of
Treat abilities, and with the respect and
jonfidence of his preceptors and fellows.
What they have said and thought of him
,vould have given any man a high repuation.
If the stream has met with obstructions
thev were such as hnvr- rmlv
showed its beauty .and majesty. After
ie had graduated, Mr. Calhoun studied
aw, and for a few years practised in the
Courts of South Carolina, with a reputation
that is descended to the profession.
He was remarkable for some traits that
liavc since characterized him. He was
ilear in his propositions, and candid in
liis intercourse with his brethren. The
The truth and justice of the law inculcated
themselves on his mind, and when
wmcd with theso he was a great advocate.
Ilis forensic career was, however,
too limited to make a prominent part of
the historv of his life.
lie served for a few years in the Leg?
islaturc of his native State, and his great
mind made, an impression 011 her statutes,
some of which have had a great practical
operation on the concerns of society.
From the Legislature of hi3 own State he
was transferred to Congress, and from
this time his career has been a part of the
history of the Fcdoral Government.
Mr. Calhoun came into Congress at a
Lime of deep and exciting interest?at a
crisis of great magnitude. It rt'as a crisis
of great peril to those who had to act
in it, hut of subsequent glory to the actors,
and hus bccome a part of the com
mon nisiory 01tnc country. The invincibility
of Great Britain had become a
proverbial expression, and a war with
tier was full of terrific issues. Mr. Calhoun
found himself at once in a situation
af high responsibility?one that required
more than speaking qualities and elolueace
to fill the spirit of the people?
it required discretion. '.The energy and
mlourcf youth were to be employed in
<i(fairs requiring the mature qualities of a
statesman. The part which Mr. Calhoun
iictcd, at this time, has been approved and
applauded by contemporaries, and now
Forms a part of the glorious history of
those times. The names of Clay, C'al1
llrtiin fllinvno tftiifii/tno /~i ?....* I? n ?-4 ?
? wv..., V*?V? vu, AJUITIIUUD, U1UUUJ) JL Ul lt*I
find others, carried associations with them
that reached half the . Nation; their clarion
notes penetrated the Arttift they animated
the people, and sustained, from
iespondency, the administration of the
Govcrnittcnt with such actions and in
such scenes the most eventful in our liid.'o
ry. To say that Mr. Calhoun did not
play a second part is no comttion praise
[n debate he Wrts equal with Randolph,
ifld In council he commnnded tho roipect
and confidence of Madison. At
inis period of his life, ho had the quali
:ies 01 i nemistocics to inspire contidenccy
which, after all, is the' highest of earthly
jua.ities; it is a mystical something' tfiat
s felt, but cSannot be described. The
jyent of the War was both brilliant and
lonorablc to both statesmen and soldiers,
ind their history may be read with enthusiasm
and delight. The war terminated
vith honor, but the rrtcasurcs which had
o be taken in a tran ition to a peace csablishment,
was full of difficulties and
imbnrrassment. Mr. Calhoun, with 1?K?
iQMnl IntrnnJ/fil" i1iA nrA '?! ?
vMft *?vi uimviIVJi ul UVU IICOIUIIO IU UI&U
i responsible part. ifndcv tho influence
)f a broad paCrfotism, ho acted with un:alculating
liberality to nil the interests
hat wero involved, and which werj
jrought under review in Congress: His
personal adversary at this time, in his ndniration
for his genius, paid Mr. Calhoun
l beautiful compliment for his noble and
mti'onal sentiments. A* the tho termimtion
of Mr* Madison's administration,
dr. Calhoun had acquired a commanding
eputation; ho was regarded as one of the
ages of the Republic. In 1817 Mr.
wonroe invited him to anlneein hip. !
ict. Mr. C.'a friends doubted the pronietyofhis
accepting it; and somo of
hem thought that he would put a hijgh
eputntiorf at hrizard in this new sphere
>f action. Perhaps their suggestions
ircd his high and gifted intellect. He ac
:eptcd the placo, and wont into tho War
department under circumstances that
night have appalled other men. His
uicccss has been acknowledged. What
ivus compleved and confused he reduced
;o simplicity and order, llis organiza
j tion of the War Department, and his adI
ministration of its undefined duties, have
made an impression of an author having
! the stamp of originality and the sanction
of trial. To applicants for office, My.
Calhoun made few promises, and hence
he was not accused of delusion and decen
tion. "When n public trust was involved
he would notcompromi.se with duplicity
or temporary expediency.
At tho expiration of Afr. Monroe's administration,
Mr. Calhoun's name become
connectcd with the /'residency, and from
that timo to his death, he had to shaic
the fate, of nil others who occupy prominent
situations. The remarkable canvass
I for the President to succeed Mr Monroe,
| terminated in the returning of three dis?
j tinguished men to the Ilottse of Repre[
sentatives, from which one was to be cJ
lected. Mr Calhoun was elected Vice
I President, by a large majority, lie took
no si;ui> 111 uiu rauunuj, as v ICG JL'rcsKlCJU,
on the 4th March, 1825, having remained
in (he War Department over seven years.
Whilst lie was Vice President he was
placed in some of the most trying scenes
m any man's life. I do not now choose
to refer to anything that can have the elements
of controversy, t may tie permitted
to speak of my friend and colleague
in a charactcr in which ail will join in
paying him sincere respect. As a presiding
officer of this body lie had the undi
< "
viucu mspccc oi us members. lie was
punctual, methodical and accuratc, and
had a high regard for the dignity of the
Senate, which, ns a presiding officer, ho
endeavored to maintain. He looked upon
debate as an honorable contest of intellect
for truth. Such a strife as had its
incidents and its trials. Mr Calhoun had,
in an eminent degree, regard for Parliamentary
dignity and propriety.
Upon General Ilayne's lcav iilg the
Senate, to bceome Governor of South
Carolina, Mr Calhoun resigned the Vice
Presidency, and was elected to his place.
>111 wilt now agree that such a position
I ,...U V1KIIVI1VU mill UIIHUUIIICS UI1U UUI1?
I gers. 1U* nvn Stnlc was under the ban,
nnd ho wn > .n the National Senate to do
her justice under his constitutional obligations.
nis part of hts life posterity will
review, and will do justice to it. lifter
his Senatorial term had expired, he went
into retirement, by his own consent.
The death of Mr Upshur, so full of
melancholy associations, made a vacancy
in the State Department) nnd it was by
the common Consent of all parties that Mr
Ual oun was called to fill it. This was a
tribute of which any public man might
well be proud. It was a tribute to worth,
ability and experience. Under Mr Calhoun
s counsel, Texas was brought into
the Union Ills rtatne Is associated ivitii
one of the tfldst remarkable evctits of his
tory?that of otic nation being annexed
to another, by voluntary consent. Mr.
Calhoun was but the agent to bring
abotlt this frittfcrnal ftssoCmlloti. It it as
a conjunction under the sanction of his
name, and by an inflnentc exerted thro'
his great and intcrpid mind. Mr Calhoun's
connections with the Executive
department of the Government terminated
with Mr Tyler's administration. As
a Secretary of /State, he won the confidence
and respect of foreign ambassado -s,
and his despatches were characterized by
clearness. saeracLv arid boldrttfss,
He was not allowed tti ftttniafn ftt rft- i
tfrtfttieftt long. For the last four years
he hns been a member of this body, and
has been engaged in discussions that have
dec; ly excited and agitated the c'ouritoy.
Ho has died amongst their.. I had never
had any particular association with Mr
Cya!hoUn until I became his colICaguc. I
had looked upon hte fame as others Ifad
done, and I have admird his character;
there are those hero who know moro of
hhn than I do/ I shi4 not pronounce
any such judgment -as shall be subject
A nmifcni'Ai'oir ni> rtiilVV.V V ?.!11
w WIIW VI vinjr VI VI IVlViaiU) UUb JL lYIli 3UJT
<18 a matter of justico, from my own ' ^rsonnt
knowledge, thnt I never knew ft fairer
man in argument, or a juster man in
pxirpose: ifis intensity allowed little
compromise, whilst he did not qualify his
own positfems tor suit tf?o temper of ther
times, ho appreciated unmasked propositions
to others. As n Senator, he commanded
tho r&spect of the ablest men of
the body of winch he was n member, and
I believe I may say where there was no
Eolitical bias td;influence the judgment,
o had the confidence of his brethren. As
ft statesman. Mr. Calhoun's r?nnf.nt.inn
belongs to tho history of his country, and
I commond it to his countrymcn and posterity
In my opinion, Mr. Calhoun de1
served to occupy the first rank ns n parlla|
montary speaker. Ho had always Dcfore
him tho dignity of purpose, and ho spoke
toaa ond from a full mind. lie expressed
his ideas with clearness, simplicity and
1 force, and in language that seemed to bo
1 the vehiclo of his thoughts and motives.
! 11 is thoughts cflcnpcd from his mind like
arrttVvs from n well drawn bow; tlieV hatl
both the aim and strength of a skilful nrcher.
1 Ic seemed (o have had little regard
for ornament-, and when be used figures
of speech they wero only for illUslM\?
lion. His manner and countenance were
bis best language; and in those there wart
an exemplification of what is meant, in
the term of tlie great Athenian orator and
statesman?they seem an indication of
the man in sneaUinrr.
I O" ( .
Mr. Calhoun ns u man and as a tteigli*
bor,?I hope I may speak of hiih in .1
sphere in which all will like, to contem*
plate him,?whilst he was a gentleman
of striking deportment, he was a man
of primitive looks and simple manner; he
had the hardy, virtuous, and simple taste
of the Republican Artizan: no one dis->
j liked ostentation and display moie than
he did. When I say, lie was a good
1 neighbor, I imply more than I have expressed;
it is nvmmod up under tho w old
I justice. I w..i venture to say that, no
I one in his private relations could everasI
sert that Mr. Calhoun treated him with
] injustice, or that he deceived him by pro:
fessions. His private character was char
i acterized by n beautiful propriety and
,1 . I'D I'M' I * ?
I was meexcmpnncauon01 lrum, dusiico,
i Temperance, and Fidelity to his engageI
ments. I will venture and another re
I mark. Mr. Calhoun was fierce in his con!
test wilh political adversaries. He did
not stop in the fight to count losses or
1 bestow favors; but he forgot lesentments
and forgave injuries inflicted by rivals
with signal magnanimity. Whilst he
spoke freely of the faults, lie could with
justice appreciate the merits of all tho
public men of whom I have heard h'nt
speak. He was sincerely attached to the
institutions of his ctnfhtry, and desired to
preserve them pure? and make them perpetual.
In the death of Mr. Calhoun,
oneot the brightest luminaries has been
extinguished from the political firmament.
It is nn event which Vrill produce a deep
sctisatloh throughout these brood lands
I have forborne to speak of l is domestic
relations. They nrc eQCred, and I will
disturb them.
In conclusion, iih Butler submitted the u&ual
resolutions of mourning and condolence.
Prom the TelegHiJiii.
FUNERAL OF MR; CALHOUN
>\ AbniNfiTdX, April i,
The /Senate assembled at the usual
hour to-day, the galleries being crowded;
and hundreds on the outeide unable to wb
tain admission.
At 12 m. the IIou c of Representatives
with its Officers entered the Senate
chamber; the Judges and, Offlttfrs of tljg
8uprSrrtd Ccrtlrt; afiu thfc President with
the cabinet appeared soon after, and word
received in the usual form; The President
was seated on the right of the Vice
President, and the diplomatic Corps was
fully represented in the Centre of the
(Jhafhber. Mafi't tffflfco'rs bfiliti Armp
nnd Navy and distinguished visitors wero
seated in the lobbies.
At 20 minutes past i2 m: the body
1 11 1 _ C aI. !n . Li
was prong ni, in cnarge 01 uiu committee
previously appointed, followed by the rcl
atives of Mr. Calhoun, the Dclcgrotiori
from South Carolina in the House, and
many friends as mourners?and the coftui
was placed in front of the Vice President.
The funeral servicc of the P. E. church
tbe'n read, and a brief but irrtpr^ssivfe'
discourse pronounced t)y tUft.t/.- M:fttttler,
Chaplain of the Seriate, from Ptalm
ixxxvii. 7v.
The procession was then formed,
Senators Alangum, Clay, Webster, Cass,
King, and Berrien acting as Pall Bearers^
and the moHaf r?ma?ns of ytftir lamented
Senator were deposited in iho CoWgres-'
sional Burying ground, to awart rr/M/vat
to South Carolina.
TIia SonntA nilimirnpil immpflifttolv nf
. _ ?
tcr reluming to their Chamber.
A Ntxo Republic.?Tlic N. Y. TritaVn*
translates the following from t,a Voix <ftf
Peuple:
"Europe coun^ another Republic.
By a firman dated January 2, the Porto
has rCcojvused the new constitution
which has just been adopted by Zngorr,
a small disrict of yllbania, near Jnniftti,
comprising forty-four villages and a population
of 16,000 souls. Each viJliigo
ftlinnsfls it pnmmnn rnnnnnllnrs /iml kpikIm
a deputy to an assembly 'which meets
twice a year ut Janina/
A lettei from Venicc states, that /t
womnn on the If inlto, enraged at ft Cronft
who took her fruit without payment,
loudly cursed the AoBtrinns. She wa*
immedifttely publicklv flogged in the
Plazo Snn Marco, Sho was covered
with blood, when the sentence had been
executed, and cursed the Austrians again.
The punishment was repeated; butthi*
time she did not curse tne Austrian*?
she wns dead.

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