Newspaper Page Text
"TO THINE OWN SELF HE TRUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE NIGHT TUB DAY, THOU CAN\ST NOT THEN HE FALSI! TO ANY MAN."
BY ROB'T. A. THOMPSON. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, JULY 3, 1858. VOL. IX.
"Ottr Native Land "
From Kast to West, from North to South, how
* In mountain* high, In rivers vast, is this, our
native lnnd ;
a--?- -11? ?--? ?t
...... vicij viiiiiv Mini milii can WISH \1])0II US Roil
From splcvSouth where r.ephyra sport, toNorthoru
ice berg's bound.
Here Freedom chose her dwelling place, at id
Piety lins rnis'od
Iljcr altars, (varied tho* tlicy be) tlint God by nil
No monarch here or suinptuonslord invades the
poor nt will,
For Liberty protects us all, and guards the soil
From Fast to West, from North to South, whercver
rolls a wave,
Our siiips convey the ample store< our latest bur
And (blinders loud the main awake, or still the
AY here ?hi|>? of wfin our Starry Flag unfurl for .
Shall iHftpots then, in thicatening tone, uplicM
their huiuta in ire ?
Shall they insult our Native Lanu while breathes
ft there son or Hire ?
No, Freemen! know theGo l of all protects cach
Who makes his breast hi* country's shield or
ventured her to cave.
T .1 411.! 1,-1. _!M ! ...
m.1 .Hymn ?uuiv Tnui cunning eye cvc sueinvntfc
For though wo sprang from her of old, we will
the beldame fight ;
Our voiim contain nob'.o blood ?h cTer grnccil
And hearts lis '.,otd atii} hands is brave will, I
fearless. hid her s.and.
for tiir kkowkk count kk.
Mr. Editor : Wc notico nil articlc in the
"N. K. fienriri?n." nntilli'rl "Vmnw. W,..
p ? v",,k,vu AWU,,n " v" j
manhood," which was commenced by the
' Gallagher Hyperion," and added to by
the "Brooklyn News," "Sunday News,"
"NT. (). Pienyuno," "Baltimore Sun," "Coff
fccvillc Intelligencer," "Natchez Courier,"
"Jackson "Sholbyville Expositor,"
"Nashville (iazetto," "Knst Tennessean,"
etc. And among them all, they have made
the most ridiculous compound, and murdered
up wit worse than any piece we havo
ever had the misfortune to read.
Wo nro anton'shed to see men with such
reputations ii8 journalists, stoop so low as
tu render themselves void of every respect
duo to the fair sex. These men surely never
had any mothers. They suroly never
were blessed with the sweet society of a
youthful and gentle sister; and never have
been favored with the genial smiles and
tender words of the fair sex at all.
The O. Picayune'' gives the following
: "Young Womanhood?a giggle,
something short of a broad horse laugh?
small potatoes half-grown?a body and
liuibs developed with padding?tho exhibition
of bono and muscles enough for a
coming matrimonal squabble?substantial
finger nails that bespeak first-ratescratching
?a goose. I
A goose which in not a jroose,
And yet is not a gosling."
"Well, now, we don't only consider that
the above is not only a picayune article,
but a I'ICAYU.nk mau that wrote it, and a
lUCAYUNK nanerthat contained it.
Tho "jJaltimoro Sun" openw thus:?
"Young Wguianliood?a red blackberry,
Juf'?greeu enough to be n? s?uur ns vinegar,"
and compares thenvto a "green persimmon"
and wind* np with?"a cat."
A cat which is pot a cat, ^
And yet i? not a /.(/An."
Tho "XntcliOA Courior" nftor a calumnius
and ridiculous piccc of prose, concludes
thu?: . !
"A cunning ?hnrp-cvcd little mico, |
That would bo dear at any pricc."
yvn? ancr various* similar notices from
other paper *, it winds* up with the following,
which wc Bupposc in from the "(Jcorgian,"
as there in no authority given :
A frog .?? it*n't quite a frog.
Between a tudpolo and iv yretn owl."
Thot<o editor I p?vsmmc, arc not aware
that there haa ^vcr been anything to admire
in "Young Womanhood." They arc not
aware that the ''Houthcrn Matron" commenced
her great enterprise, whivh has fillAti
AUK liAtvnKli/. *?* !*
vyt VIII i? jiUUIIV ? nil BWIIUUI ill ? UIII1IWmcnt,
while whe belonged to the above named
claw. They an not awnro thnt Mrs.
8. J. flale, Mrs. Higourney, Mn>. Elizabeth
()jikc?.f,ui|?.!?; Ann 8. Stevens,
Alice B. Ntjil ar,<l others, produced some
of tho brightest specimens of their genius
during their youthful days, and wo preeume
that those of the above named editors that
arc married must hftvoj?. ^rriod very old
muuh, or pretty old wido'V#, and have all
got ndrto nnd wo daughters. And we do
Hineeroly pity tho woman they got.
r I'Vn- my part, I linvo nlw<iyn found noniothing
tondmiro in "Young Womanhood,"
,?rid, if I were oh old aft Motliuwdah, I
would find Homothing to admiro iu
for they nre flowed. Yea, ?
Nvrftoter tlmn lho ?wftct?^t (lwor.i.^ <
Snvo'thow thatgrow 'netvtli VrfWubovroir.
"(lAi-r. On AW."
t \Vnlhnllo, H, (?? Juno 20, lSf>8i
l 1)r. .Johnson w'wclywdd" Ho whowriitn
j^> to * ^rcftt dcnl c; good at onco, will inr.o.- J
From the National Intelligencer.
Justice to an Honorable Senator.
Wc give place with pleasure to the subjoining
letter from the lion. Arthur J\
llnyno, and the ncebmpmying papers, in
correction of a perversion of his views in
reference to the Hank of his own State, by
sonic writer for a Charleston paper :
To viy Fellow-Citizens of (he iStatc oj
C* * 1. Si '
With feelings of deep emotion I address !
you. Words have been set down for me
ns spoken in the Senate which 1 never uttered,
and sentiments attributed tome which
1 never entertained. The occasion wan oue
of conversational and.desultory discussion,
by question and answer, remark and rejoinder,
which might have called for leniency
of judgment upon words spoken by even si
practised debater. I might well throw myself
upon your indulgence, therefore. 1
might ask you not to allow to be attributed ;
to me a want of patriotism and State pride, j
WllllPillUl'tftVV (if t)li> ........... '
- , v.. v..v f? 11V f 1VI vwinnu U1 III y
life and actions, mul of all ilio known sentiments
of my heart, upon the evidence of
words thus spoken, l'ut 1 have no need
so to appeal to your indulgence. On the
contrary, 1 only ask to be judged by the
severest rules. 1 ask that you will scan
the words really spoken, and not those substituted
for them. My real words will, I
am sure, be found to express sentiments of
duty to you aud of devotion to the interests
of the State.
Tho arvor of the reported debate was an
unfortunate one for me, and the moment 1
saw it 1 requested its correction, which was
at once made. It was one of those mistakes
which nt times unavoidably occur, nm! fur
J 1 *"
which no one should l?c censurcd when i
prompt correction is made.
] sun charged with alleging the insolvency
of the Hank of the State ofSonth Carolina
and of attempting to injuro its crcdit.
The charge I utterly deny. 1 made 110
suoh allegation ; my convictions are just the
reverse, and any attempt such as charged
is inconsistent with such convictions. j
My remarks in the Senate were in refe
renco to a motion of Mr. Simmons, of lthodo
Island, to substitute a bomc valuation for
the vidorcm principle of the present tariff,
i This motion was a blow struck at free trade,
a blow aimed against the South and in favor
of the North.
In the courao of his remark* Mr. Simmons
stated the failures in Charleston in
the recent crisis to amount to nearly one
million of dollars, and endeavored to show
from the condition of the banks in South
Carolina at the time of their suspension
that the proportion of coin to liabilities had
nothing to do with that suspension. To refute
this theory was to show that the facta
upon which an important part of his main
argument was founded were loosely gathered,
and would not bear examination, and
thus to sap the very foundation of the main
argument iUself. Jt was necessary for me
to refer to the State action upon the banks,
which had been inaccurately given by Mr.
Simmons, and to the suspension itself,
which T did as follows :
" Not altogether, sir. The penalty on
the first two instalments was exacted by the
State; the banks were required by the
Comptroller General of South Carolina to
pay, and did pay, and never refunded. I
am of opinion that the cause of a portion of
our hanks having suspended is to be traced
to this fact: wo have a bank, the capital of
which is owned exclusively by the State,
and must partake of the character, more or
lesa, of a political bank, subject to no responsibility,
and, at tho period of tho crisis,
its circulation was so large it was compelled
to suspend ; but if tho Hank of tho State
had not been the vory first to suspend?no
bank suspensions?none of our banks in
South Carolina would have refused to continue
to pay specic."
You will see that this is verw ?liflfVront
from the language attributed tome in the
('harleston Courier in the nrtiele referred to,
following the Congressional (Hobo of .Juno
3d. As promptly corrected it stands in the
official report of tho Appendix to the Congressional
Globe, pngo 4 12, w' ere it is given
substantially aH spoken.
I cannot imagine how this can be construed
in anyway into an attack upon the credit
or solvency of the Stnto Bank. T could
have wished fellow-citizens, that before assailing
me, absent on your service, for
strange, unpatriotic Hontimcnts, founded
' upon words reported to have been spoken,
thesb porsons had inquired of me in rclntion
to tho words. My course in tho past might
even hove required that they should nssume
there was soure,>nistnke, and have consultffl
inn in vofArininn ? T
givon an iinniu.w?tc reply. I most heartily
regret, fejJuw-citizcnH, thiifc tlicy assumed
the wok'ilit io wu iiivisf, uiy MuuiimcntH to bo
unpatriotio, and ?o bccame n>y aBaailnnta,
and condemned mo without a hearing. 1
appeal to you, and ask that hearing from
you which they havo denied me.
While I havo over been opposed to the
bank on principle, upon expediency, and
upon policy, J novor imagined that the
Hank of fcho 8tato of South Carolina waa
not a? Round a? any other in the country.-~
t\.. it-- *? 1--1- i * '
,\/n ii)u ouiur^jr, iiiu wiivifj capital OI tl\0
Htato, the wealth of every man iu it, is pledged
to * ^taln tho bnnk and to moko good
its onpltal. No oxmowion of opinion by
jiiiy individual coulu hurt tho orodit of an
in??titutio? so f?ii?t?ined< ; Hut I expressed
no doubt of its perfect Holvcuoyj none whatewr.
That my remarks did-not produoo any
such impression upon the Senate will appear
from the letters of Senators Simmons and
Kitzpatrick, copies of which I append, with
that of my letter to which they are replies.
Senator Simmons, being engaged in the
discussion, was of course alive to all that
took place in the courscof it, and he expressly
says that "nothing was said by [mcj on
that occasion which could be regarded as
reflecting upon the character of the State,
or upon the crcdit of any of its moneyed
institutions." Senator Fitzpatrick, of Alabama,
who occupies the scat next to me,
1 1 i *
naa no such impression made upon him.?
In fact., nothing contained in my remarks
would hear suck a construction.
I feel that I have been deeply wronged
in the course which has been taken thus to
condemn me hastily and without inquiry,
when doing my duty at a distance from my
home and battling for the principles of the
people of South Carolina; and 1 confidently
appeal to you, fellow-citizens, to repel
by your might this ungenerous aiul unpro
1 am, with high respect, fellow citizens, |
your obedient servant,
A. P. IlAYNK.
Washington, June lf>, 1858.
Washington, June 12, 1H58.
My Dear Sir : 1 have your note of this
date, inquiring if, in tho course of the dehate
upon a proposition for a homo valuation
of foreign imports, you said anything
which, in my opinion, "was injurious to
the character of the State of South Carolina,
or to the credit of the Hank of tho State
of South Carolina."
In reply 1 have to say that I then regarded
your allusion to the Dank of the State
of South Carolina as having reference only
to the Koiindnnsn nf'tlir. r,f' I
iii placing nu institution holding so large tin
amount of tlic fund$ of the State under the
control of directors having no individual interest
in the successful management of its
j affairs. It must have been apparent to you I
j and to the Senate that I regarded the liberal
policy pursued by that Hank during the
late monetary troubles as highly creditable
to that institution. Nothing was said by
yourself on that occasion which could be
regarded us reflecting upon the character
of the State, or upon the credit of any of
its moneyed institutions.
T am, dear sir, with high respect, your
obedient servant, J. F. Simmons.
non. a. V. havnk, j'resent.
N. J}.-?The institution referred to being
.supported by the whole resources of the
Stato, its credit must of course be indisputable.
Yours, J. P. S.
Sknatk Ciiamdku, June 12,1858.
My Dear Sir : Your favor of this date
has just been received. 1 was present when
you made souio remarks on the home valuation
bill in the Senate tome time since.?
I did not tax my memory at the time with
what you said; nor can 1 now undertake to
say what your precise language was on that
occasion. As well as my memory enables
me to ppeak in regard to the matter to which
you refer, [ oan say that there is no impression
on my mind that you said anything
injurious 10 1110 cnaracter ot tuc tilnte ot
South Carolina or to tho credit of South
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Hon. A. 1*. ITaynk.
Vv asuington, June 14,1358.
My Dear Sir: In reply to your note, received
to-day, I must say that, in your (lis
: r ii - i *
uuroiuu ui uiu nomc valuation Dill, ' I
understood that you were resenting what
you supposed to be an imputation on South
Carolina. Your scat being at Home distance
from mine, ami your back towards me when
you spoke, 1 did not hoar all that you said,
but I have read it since, and tho impression
then made is not removed that you referred
to the bank as a political as well as
banking institution ; and that, having a controlling
political influence, it was managed
on different principles from othsr banks;
was not subject to tho same responsibilities,
and was for these reasons lost* able and less
willing io hold out in a financial c-iais. I
<|iU HOI lillUuintiiiid Juu, niiu do 1501 think
any 0110 here did, as putting in question the
ability of the bank to redeem its notes, ultimately,
or the faith of the State, whioh
everyone knows is pledged to their redemp
Very truly and respectfully voun4,
J. II. Hammond.
IIont. A. P. IlAYNlS.
Warhixgton, June 15,1858.
We, tho undersigned, concur fully with
the Hon. Mr. Simmon;* in tho impression
made by tho remarks of Col. lloyno In tho
Sonate on tho 21st of May, that nothing
was said by him whieh could bo "regarded
as reflecting upon the character of his State
or upon tho credit of nuy of its moneyed |
institutions. lu Tact, tho tone tuktuj by
Crol. If ay no in tho various discussions of
tho Sonato haHnlways boon of that olovntcd
oharactor which should belong to tho body,
and which makes tho true representative
of a great and ohivalvons 8tato.
K. M. T. UuNTKit:
J. J. ClUTTKNDKN.*
J. M. Mason.
After asking your nanio in tho State of
Arkansas, the natives nrc in the habit o?l
aayiug in ft confidential tone: " Well, ifo$n
%'nat wcr yer name boforo yer moved, to
theso parte ?" '
From England?Debate In Parliament.
Mr. Wilson also asked whether there
were any objections to lay on the table the
correspondence between the British Government
find that of the United States respecting
the slave trade.
Mr. Seynioro Fitzgerald replied?That
the government had received 110 official information
of the arrest of Captain Jenkins.
Will. 1 41? -it.? ?!-- '
.i .?n ivjyuu i<j mu inner question, Uie
American government had made grave
charges against certain British officers; but i
110 official account had been received from '
these officers. 1 lc could only say that, if
occurreti?c? such aa those complaincd of
had occurred, they would he viewed with
the deepest regret by the government, and
immediate explanation given. The fullest
information should be laid before Parliament
or early ?8 possible. In the meantime,
ho had only to add. that orders hnd
been sent out to the officers in couiinaud of
the squadron in the Cuban waters, to make
every inquiry into the subject, and that the
greatest caution and forbearance should be
exorcised towards vessels bearing the Ainerieafi
The London Times, in a leader 011 the
searching of American vessels, reiterated
its objections against the policy of maintaining
a squadron which has proven so ineffectual
for the end in view. It says,
"whatever the right of the ease, and however
far Americans may be ready to go at
present in compliance, for peace' sake, we
cannot ijui iook iorwara to a uay when it
will be more disagreeable, and at the same
time moro unnecessary for the Americans
to submit, and a still greater let down for
our own pride to give way." After passing
some censure upon the apathy of the American
Government in the suppression of the
slave trade, it concludes as follows :
"We do not compel licr to the virtue alio
has not; before very long the mere attempt
must bring on a fearful \r?r. Is there no
such thing ns giving up a crusade, which
began with being optional, and is found to
1.- fT -i t O * .1
oc irjuiicciuiu : is notmng to be surrendered,
cxeopt after the loss of 80,000 lives
on both sides and thirty millions of money?
Is there no other use, equally benevolent,
to which we could put the half million and
valuable lives annually su;'k in these squadrons
In the city article of tho Timrs, some reflections
arc made on the sauie subject, and
it is asked, whether, supposing America
unwilling to send ships for the suppression
of the slave trade, might there not be an
agreement for one or two American officers
i. L- .. 1 1
uj on rccoivcu as permanent guests on board
lirit ish vessels, while serving ou such duties,
and all searches to be conducted under
the auspices of such American officers ?
The Dai/i/ News' editorial on the same
subject, regards the affair as a disagreeable
one; but thinks it premature to jump at
conclusions without hearing both sides of
the question. It discredits the reports
made by somo of tho American captains.
The same paper draws a contrast between
the serf emancipation policy of Russia and
the slave policy of America, and incidentally
reviews the career of Tourgcneff and
Kdwaid Everett, upon tho latter of whom
it casts some bitter reflections.
The London Pott thinks that, if injury
has been sustained, England cannot refuse
the reparation demanded by Secretary Cass,
and calls for such forbcayance in tho mat
ter complained of, as will not endanger the
friendly relations between the two countries.
Tho London filar thinks the danger is
imminent, unless tho British government
recede from its untenable position.
ThkTimks on the South.?The London
Times, in a leader on the present difficulties
between England aud this country,
It is peculiarly unfortunate that the
Anti-Slavery crusade should alienate from
England the portion of the American community
which would otherwise be drawn
nearer to lis hv intftrPJit, nml l?v innlinntinn
During the enlistment dispute the only temperate
or friendly language used towards
England proceeded from the Southern SenAtom,
and tho journals of tho States proclaimed
with amu.sing extravagance the superiority
of the old country to the hated
Yankee territories of the North. Anglophobia
is adopted by conflicting orators and
factions principally becauRc it is supposed
to involve a sentiment of unanimous suspicion
and dislike, if the cotton growors
were, by the suspension of the slave trade
agitation, left to the naturai operation of
their sympathies with the cotton buyers,
fjuarrcis witu England would bccoiuo doubtful
party questions, instead of furnishing
a common fund of popularity to conflicting
demagogues. It will be highly desirable to
confine tho impending controversy to the
facts of the alleged aggression. And gen
oral discussion of the policy of America ifi
regard to tho slavo trade will onlygivo unprofitable
oft'onco. It ii ocrtmn t'nt the
existing treaty has not been vigorously executed,
and still more certain that no
American President will offend the most
iufluoutial ])ortion of bin constituents by
omulating the zeal of the English cruisers
on the Coast of Africa or of Cuba, but prudent
Governments, like men ofxcnscin private
life, look for no efforts of extraordinary
zeal from those who comply against their
" Doctor." said a despairing patient to his
(.physician, "I am in a dreadful'stato; T can
tttofther lay nor net what shall I do?'' "Why,
flion," vopUml tho doctor, very gravely, !
think you hatl better?rooet I"
Col. Keitt. in the House.
The "NVnsliiugtan correspondent of the ;
Charleston Courier };ivcs tho following de- 1
scription of Col. Keitt:
" Col. Keitt, of South Carolina, followed |
in u few forcible and telling remarks, his
frowning brow unci curling lip plainly
expressing the disdain which he felt fori
one whom he evidently regarded as a trait- '
or to the interests of the South. The Black
Republicans accuse this gentleman of hav- ;
jug established so alcoholic a standard of
party speaking in the House, that anything '
short of a division of the Union passes for
milk and water, lie is certainly oueof the
most interesting speakers there. The con- i
missions, the starts, the spasms of his manner,
give to his speaking a strong spell of
interest, and quickens the spectator's curi- !
osity. An intensely Southern feclingscems
|/vviuiuiivjr ill mo V/iiumutUI. I
The l ights of the South ami the defence of
her interests seem never absent from his ,
thoughts. If he hns the most dry and ab- !
stract subject to speak upon he will contrive
to interweave an episode upon the slavery j
question, lie has, too, a fund of restless
propensity, which seems quite beyond his 1
power to control. This over-weening vi- ;
vftcity is conspicuous in his whole manner j
and movement. At one time tlic visitor to '
the ' House' gallery will find him indul- |
ging in a little straightforward talk about j
lCmmna mirl limit nnrl 4l>r>
pages passing his ?.l?vsk as charily ns Queen
Emma creeping among the curving ploughshares.
The darlings! They seem to be
perfectly aware of the gunpowder texture
of the honorable member's temperament.?
Another time you will see him jerking with j
irritation, favoring the 'House' with an
oratorical burst of indignation, and nourishing
his arms in a manner cxlromcly significant
towards the Republican quarter of
" Ajrain VOU will find liini nronmino.iiirr
?_ v # i ; r?
a verdict 011 their transactions, giving a eat- j
aloguc of their enormities, and thumping,
the innocent mahogany at a rate which cau- ;
ses the little pages to treinhle with consternation.
Why, after one of those speeches
it must cost the honorable member his day's
salary at ' GautierV for lozenges to cure
" You at once perceive from his v 'iner,
when speaking, that he has detent: nod to
avenge the wrongs of the South. 11 is very
gestures indicate it. lie flings out one
foot before the other, as if the Union were
already divided and he pushing the Northern
ascendency before him ; while occasionally
an indignant, broad-shouldered shake
of the upper man is manifestly an indignant
effort to shuttle oft* tho. North. Tf cittiiwr
in a acriouu mood, lie is probably sketching
on the margin of an amendment, at a rough
calculation, the number of pro-slavery men
in Kansas capable of bearing arms, according
to the latest returns of the population.
" The North seems to have set this gentleman
up as a target for their shafts.?
We should think his ears would be excoriated
by the sarcastic diatribes of the Republicans,
who arc perpetually harrassing and
taunting him. 15ut lie raps thorn back, and
the opposition find they can neither sneer
him into silence, or control him by scrape,
of the pen."
Will Still rk Black Rkpujilican.Tlifl
nrnnlfl linn unnlr.-n All io vninr> ilmt
? .,t b"'"v
comes into his net, and when the trenchers
of all the original "Republicans" arc filled,
perhaps the camp followers, the "eleventh
hour" men, may have the fragments, if any
be left. Hear what the New York Tribune,
says, in its exultation over the accessions
heretofore, and those confidently expected
"Nor is the question of a re construction
of parties at all involved in the issue now
made. As a matter of fact, the Republican
party was changed in its composition,
though not in its principles, who:, the Whig
party?all that was left of it?joined us in
1855. The accession of many thousands
a.?:i -?* 1 i'? cj-M ?
>ii i niu-uuii i/(.-inuurain uuu r i~uu-chjii ^\lUCricana
changed it still further in 185t>. A
still further accc&sion of Democrats and of
Americans who nblior tho Lecomptou policy
of the present Administration is now
probable; but it will still be the Republican
party?with heavier responsibilities and
wider aims, perhaps, but the same party as
Sale oftiif.Soutiikrn Pacific Kailroad.?The
Marshall (fexaa) Flag contains
the particulars of the sale of thcSouthcrn
Pacific Railroad, consisting of the twenty
tnilcs in running order, iron, cars, track
appurtenance, and all other property belonging
thereunto, together with tho rights
and franchises appertaining to the old company.
The sale took place on the 2nd inst.,
under the deed of trust executed sometime
last summer, and after some little bidding
the whole of this vast property, estimated
1?U llVinilrAflo r\4* 1\a
uuMV(i?'tio Ut illi'V/illUVUV UIUII Wl Mi" >TUUH
fully one hundred millions of dollars ! An
injunction had boon issued out against the
purchasers, but as a bond of $500,000 was
required to givp it force, and an that bond
had not been given up to tie latest dntes,
it will not amount '0 nmch. Tho purchasers
have since organised themselves into
a joint stock company.
In Worcester, Knj*lnivl, recently, ayouil'g
couple who wore being mado of twain one
were deported by the officiating minister
in tbo middle of tho ceremony, who went
off in high dudgeon, because the bride and
her friends " giggled eomowhliro between
"denrlj-bcluvod" and "annueuicnt."
Terrible Flood at Cairo?Further Particulars.
The telegraph has already given nn account
of tho destructive Hood at Cairo, Illinois, by
which the city has been nearly swept nway.
A letter from that placc, dated June 13, to
tho Chicago Times, lias the following interesting
It has rained almost itienaminllv fur Mia
pant throe months, swelling tho rivers out of
their banks, currying desolation in their path
way. Thousands of acres of land, above aud
below, has been laid waste, and millions of
dollars worth of property lust. Yesterday
morning a distinct shock of an carthquako
was foil here, and at six o'clock in the evening
the " cross levee" broke, when tho water,
which was twelve feet above the level of tho
town iml.fiile, came dashing, foaming and
seething inside. Tho break was so unexpected
that the inhabitants were taken by sur
prise, and many of them only liad time to
escape with their families to the levee, before
the torrent swept away their homes. In many
instances boats and rafts bad to bo resorted
to for the means of escape. To-day every
person is busily encaged in resc uing what
property they safely can from the floating
Breakfast was served to tho guests of tho
Taylor House in the second story, knee ecp
in water, the culinary department being carried
to the thrid ! A few families, who rcwided
in the two-story houses, remained in
them until noon to-dav. They have now to
get out of their upstairs windows into boats?
?!.? i ..1 1 -- - 1?? -
vnv n 1IIVI llllllWPl Oil 11 ICVUl Willi II10H1,
and rising at tlic rate of four inches an liour.
T'.ie Ohio levee is the only place of refuge
left, it being only some seventy-live fcetwiilo
and three-fourths of a mile in length.
At 1 o'clock n. ni.t nearly one-half of the
new (unfinished) hotel, on the levee, fellwifh
a deafening era- h, preceded by a report enual
to a six-pounder. The building was of brick,
five stories high, with attic rooms, iron door
nttd window frames; cost nearly $100,000.?
The remaining portion was considerably sway
ed. Total loss.
Gove: nor Mattcson's new building, fivo
stories high, also on the levee, shows signs of
falling. It is an unfinished building, and
cost about $75,000. .
Tlic " Springfield Block." adjoining tho
hank, still stands firm, but will probably come
j down with a clash soon, as the water is sofi
tenill" the <?WII111?1 -it. 111 r? liimiilniii.ii \T i n a
tenements are within this building, nil occupied.
The post office is in one of them. Cost
! some three or four hundred thousand dollars.
I-ossrs jiy tii it Storms.?The New York
Herald estimates the losses by tho Hoods and
storms of this season at $30,000,000. Such
an estimation must he purely conjectural.?
Hut when we remember the damages from
tho overflowing of tlie Mississippi?and tho
unprecedented inundations that have prevailed,
not only on the Mississippi, but alone all
its tributaries?and the damages resulting
from the heavy rains, throughout the wholo
of the great va'ley, that have caused those inundations;
when we remember tho deluges
| that wo hnvo hail along our Northern Atlantic
coast?the estimate, although of course
conjectural, will not be surprisingly large.?
The Herald says that already the effects are
pcrcoived in the depreciation of the stock
market on Wall street. It comments as follows
"A loss of thirty-three millions or more of
the solid wealth of the country at this crisis
mustmako its mark, and with the general
stagnation in business which prevails through
out the Union, we cannot safely predict an
early return of flush times and universal extravagance.
Provisions and cotton will command
good prices, in proportion to the diminution
of the crops; but the losses of States,
corporations ami individuals from tho floods
and storms of 1858, will bo felt throughout
the Union and through all the diversified interests
of the whole American people. To
the Government and to the people retrenchment
and reform must still bo tho rule of action.
until at least Ave can ascertain that tho
profits and savings of the year, on nil sides,
will more tlian^countci-balancc^all losses and
McIIek's Facton v.?Wo visited, in company
with a friend, a few days since, McBeo's
Cotton Manufactory, on Koedy river, some
miles from this placo. The factory is now
under the management of Mr. Gilbert lloed,
a gentleman of great experience in the business,
and a mechanic of skill and ability.?
Formerly, the factory did not turn out over
forty buncaos of yarn per day, but with the
samo machinery, except the water wheel, and
with tJl?? snnift minimi* <? ' linnrlo \t?- Ifnn'.l
turns out about one hundred bu nolle?. Tho
cotton manufactured hero is said to be of u
Wo could but observo the neat appearnnco
I of the oporativos in the factory, tlioinoRiof
whom wcro young girls, and the regularity
i and harmony with which every department
; of tho business was conducted. '1 lio rosij
donee of the operatives are all noatly anil
! comfortably ana. ged, vith gardens of ample
i pi/.c attached, and tho .vhole wearing a chcor!
ful and happy uppearanco.
On our return homoward, wo stopped at
?i.? n- !ll~ r. /1 ?
vII'.* uiuuiiuiio mtniumrvunii" v.UlillmilY,I10W
under the control of Mr. Robert Greenfield.
j'hi&Jcstnblishnii.nt wafi put in operation many
years Hmcohy the late Col. Dunhum, deecfc*0*1.
It has gone almosd to.rnin. Mr. Greenfield
in now ongaged in making paper, and
tho sample shown us wuh of the firnt nullity.
O.ily about ten hands are employed in ihw
i do water power ni uroiy rsver ss i?n1)10.180;
and to tho#o who dosiro to engage in
manufacturing onterpriycx, wo could not rocommend
a stream in our District which oow
prosont* tho sumo advantages as thie.? G'recn
villa I'atriot. ^ ^
An Affec-tionatk ilirebaxn.-IIn^lan Iljdo
of (Jrconville, Conn.*, lost his third wife one
J * or ngr>. Aljout a week siheo he Went to tho
ce-. iotery. dug open tho prrnvo, opened tho
ouftin wid took out?what? n :'Ot?if fnheteeth
fur tho cukoof the gold plate ! I [yd* confowios
i nuiijuMinco niniKeii. no if iiwnil WIV jenri
of ngo, a hou*e. carpenter by trade, in comfortable
circumstances as to propt?rt_v, nrul a
member of a Christian ohurch. JTc trifi<X trt
:;et tho leeth out as she la}1 (K?a<l in fii* hou??
rarforo the funcvat, but Hie ri^ifl muHeles ^
w*?nM not roUs. Tho women of llfoenvUlo
wiuh to tar a&d fen'her fcira. *