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"TO THINK OWN SELF EE TRIE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE KfGHT T1IK DAY, THOU CAN ST NOT TMHN UK FALSH'TO ANY MAN."
BY ROB'T. A. THOMPSON. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1850. VOL. X. NO. :t:i.
Vv: ' ' V ~ ?* *"**?
nr KRWi YOUNO HILT*t JB.
Fair Georgia! How my Aill lieart swells
A.h tli it proud mime h:?1u?<m niinu eurs;
tVhat scene# it wakes iu memory'a cells?
How gmiul tliy destiny Appears.
Although no more among thy hills
Tliy wandering son h home may claim,
My lyre in boldost moatMire thrills
Whene'er I brcutho thy glorious unme.
vm'i unw), 111 his solemn pride.
Litis tVom thy breast his craggy piles,
While nt bis feet his lovely bride,
Tho bountiful Xucoocheo, smiles;
Ami Kenesaw his double.head
From three uprenrs in power serene,
While near him, o'er its pebbly bed,
Jtolls Chattahoochee's axttre sheen.
Upou thy soil hath "Nature raised
Her monumental granite rock,
Itmtud whose brow tor ages blazed
Tho lightnings, yet it felt no shock ;
For cuimiy wrapped in cloudy gmy,
Defying Time o'er from its birth,
It stands, naught lulling of decay.
The grandest monument on earth
Kuir learning's gifWby thoo aro showered
v - ------ - - 4
\? vi crvi jr imiu ; ?ii every iinmt,
In academic shades embowered,
Thy seats of learning dot tlie Intnl.
OR! Krunklin counts lior foster hoiis.
WhosUtt I in Finn ?'i? j> o i l 1 me, by scores;
And Merccr boasts tlie hoiicred'onca
Whose minds wore (ruined within her doors.
From Oglethorpe's time lionoved hnlls
ll'tvc iciMiteit men tlion claim'st with ptldo,
Alid Ktnory's venerated walls
Have sent forth minds of giant stride.
fpoVi her hill environed plain
lh>th beiUUvons Mnrfettn stnnd ;
"1'is hers in ni ls of whv to train
Future defenders of our Intnl.
$oway.s1'd thy Western border line.
Ncir Chatt-nhooehe.o's silver st reft in,
Where groves of nmple oak ?tul pine.
Driven off the sun's too garish beam,
A village .sits midst classic! shades,
Wliinti fiiifnr K- ... 1 - -
'V "'"[J vimiiKt: |
* And many hriglii-eycd laughing maids,
Hy thee ftrc fostered, sweet ball range.
AVIierc on tliy steep Atlantic coni?t
lJreak'the wild waves of emerald green,
Savannah, stands?tlie proudest boast?
Tliy 'forwt city"?seaport queen.
And farther Norlli, thine inland mart,
Augusta lies fuii* us n dream ;
And Northward still. thy throbbing heart
Atlanta, with its pulse of steam.
( rent Empire of the Sunny 8011th !
. The wan lcror greet# thou from afar:
Thy pruiso is ever in my month !
Upon ouv flag. thou brightest star.
May thy pure rays beam ever brisrlu?
, - > - O"* *
Tlma will I pray, wliere'or I von in.
May no fell diword quench thy li^ht.
1,'iiul of my. birtb. my youth'* loved home!
Foil TUB C it" 111 KH.
The Pic Nic wo Didn't have on SiX'Miie
Mr. Bailor ; Some time ago it was generallv
nnnounced that on tlio 2(?th day or Feb.,
IdftO, tlicl'c would be a Pic Nic cm Six-Mile
mountain, lying cnat of l'icVcns C. II., and
about throo miles from Twelvo Mile river.?
Ai tlio time approached grout anticipations
of elevated pleasure were enlortiilnod?i?1o:ik
' I ?
uros mountuin high with plenty to eat bo"
neath tlio broad canopy of our Father. It
was expected that many communities would
lie there represented. even from your fair
village, from sunny Bower, Moorollcndum
ami from localities a way down in Anderson
district. It was sot on this day heoauso the
loaves of tho trees have all fallen, so that
theroaro fewer obstructions to the fine scon cry
around; hut perhaps any time in March would
do as well, as tho embryo foliage of the coming
summer would not yet disturb tho view.
Dot not withstand inj; our anticipations were
mountain high, wo wore subjected to many
doubts the day bofore, when clouds, heavy
i*n I gloomy clouds filled nil the doors nl>ovc
and jaring thunder, just before sunset, with
It Itki ? * - 1 *
. mi vn>|>iuw innin vuiriicu us Mint even the
iuiro*t ImjiuH ntul briglicft primpeutn innv be
darkened. All that night it liglitoned, thundered
mid rain oil. turn did nut Htnp raining
next Moriilng very suddenly. ll-iwevcr,
about 12 o'clock thevlmiib begun t?> fly liighur,
bocanie thinner. nn<! nt length old Sol
Miiilcd upon us in full splendor. Hut by thin
tiino wo bad dinner, and did nut fine! mnnli
like n pic-niu Just then. an we hiipp^sod inmiy
would nof bo there. Novcrthele**, u few of
iih being togetfier, nonio even from Anderson
dintriex. who Iiti'I never been on the nmnn turn,
wo re*m veil not to b>*e nil our expected
plvtiiuio on this day, ami ho wc NLfortb oil
the exuurjdon. girl*', boya end grown uj? people.
( >w?rilt> Six-Mile mountain.
Our itpjirdhch to tlio mountain w?? up the
lynuE Kidgtf running from the ea*t. Thin
ridge in < elevated that the mountain range*
ofotei dui tiSue e?n W hcou ?o * lie $..ith.
whilet? the Soatb lays plain after plain till
the curtaiuof the lini^ni* droop* and terminate*
the scono. Having pa-sod L-nig Kidgo
wo de<H'ondod to flip vniley of ljjnetoeky,
tlionee to the piinimit of Iti-indlo Knob, Thin
Is where old Uriudlodied, an old oow, which
had animatod existence ubmit .30 year* ago.
IC'or Uwner wa? driving her home noe evening.
When idie rooohodthetop of thin knob,
tdie nearly " gin out" and the driver conchi.t.wl
!...? ? - -
?* ?uniu um wuniwmmo mid comfortable
for- her to rsst thoro till ntnrMng. n*
l?a*t wonk wia*. rIwav* drd go budly
rt'ttdi Jtill. Sk? ImE? left llrtiuilo till morning,
indeed fovovor; fop tlrnt nixht *nmo hungry
wo|vc? took ftdvjuntflgoof Jh imlta'rt woukllbdll
ilftt'A/l ' *? """ *" '
,.w?, niK.vn ?>, ?<ii,i urn cut nor. I'mifOuufcntlf,
no*t morning wlwm hOv
1/y look f?r lior. lui w*? Iwonwt# ><ntf?fh/4 'fiat
ninny |iln<rox tlv^t knew ItcV. would-know lt?r
lip more fv.uvwr ; but. in order that that *pot
Might know lior in nil iimo tit cohio bo wont
ftwny nnd culled it llrindle KnoJ? bofore nil
bin nfif^hbor*, wlin followed bin oxnmplu ?pou
all occasions thereafter when that jducc
it . aa. *
should he ilo^ignated. From llnndle Knob '
wo doKcendod into the valley of Nod ; thence
wo begun to ascend tho main peak of the '
mountain, leaving on Brindlo Knob miino of |
our eotnpnny. who eared more for rest than I
Wo coon pained tho summit of the highest
neak of tltc JSix-Alilo mountain, which in isolated.
at loast ten miles fr*>m all other ranges
of mountains. From a distance. it seems
to rise un nurubtty from the level earth far
ahovo all the neighboring hills. Although
the Min \vn? shining hrightlv. the ntuiosphoro
whs 6tiu im/.v. do tlint our distant prospects j
wore not ns tino ns wo could lirtvo wishod; i
llie rugged mountain* to tho North appearing
something like tlio hard featuros of an
old muiil through a blue veil. Yet, in comparison
to some noted plr.ee* the scenery was
vorv interesting. a? it was in every direction
to which the eye might he cast. To the South
west, hy west was <iuite visible your elevated
village, the Court I louso reflecting brightly
and superbly in the evening rays of the sun.
The " White Water" was soon to the North
in the midst of the mountains. Further en
to the oust could ho seen tho Tuhlo Hock,
, tu.vi (Milium um eouiw l>0
neon in every other direction us far n? tlio
ovo could diHiioguitli a twenty acre Heidi?
'Ihe ? mpnny ciij<?vod the ncenery finely.
Mali)- wore tlio thought# and purmtKO? nfooilt
tllirt lirottv litllr. inniii.tn!"
and n^fs it has been there, reflecting the
nioriting'g sun, when not a white man had
sot hi* fuot upon the American continent;
and bidding farewell to his last rays as they
I would linger around it in the evening. Yes,
long, long before thip over was Pickens many
I a lonely rabbit has, in the ovening's twilight,
j trotted around upon the brow of this inoun
j imn : leuturic* before (.'uluinhus was bom.
! iir doiilit. tint tlie nightly whippoorwill sut
I down iiivm tlie Holitmle here. criod " whipj
poor-will !" flew round nud cried it agnin.
When the Orcciau and Unman geographers
thought that they wore acquainted with every
nation under tho sun, the red man of tlie
west often and often hero trml his firm foot
and raised his war-w hoop to startlo other nations
of the land. Then naught disturbod
hi in ia Ii'ih slumbers on the solitudo but tho
wild Ik'uhIr. lint what a change ! The Pccnery
of civilization is now spread all around
to tho view of the white mnii wlm ?!??
rabbit nlYnid, hours tlio whippoorwill, hn.?
exterminated tlio rod mnn of the west, and
do. trovCd nearly nil tho wild boasts?perhaps
idl hnt <?no panther, which one of our
contpnny declare* he h>snrd ! He thinks ho
did lioar a panther till yet, nnd ns we can't
I>rmc no utuii't we must try nn<l beliciohim.
At nay rate, soon after this. lio was very anxious
t>> return bouio. and to more unmolested
reg'oits as lie did not w ?h o be disturl>ed hv
I fear, when eau>e I by tl?e bowl of a panther
whote tlici o might he one. lie say* that if
it wt\? not u panther it was the Six-Mile Saw
Mill, ulxiut three miles off! AVo therefore,
soon nil loft the spot tluil had given uh eo
muuli pleasure, and would propose tlmt towards
the last Saturday in March, if it be a
tine ?lnv, we all meet there again, with you
| and ali other* who may choose, and have a
real fuporb pic use of the highest uunlijv.
Yours, Au. (,'k m'krq.
Buchanan has vetoed the bill
dorinting public lands to the several (Hates
and Territories to provide colleges for the
benefit of agriculture and the mechanic
arts, lie shows in his message that the
appropriations would amount to seven and
a half million of dollars. The result would
be, that upwards of six millions of acres
would be thrown into the market, and land
speculators would, after all, be, the pin-ties
mostly benefitted. His objections are based
011 the ground that tho appropriation is
both inexpedient and unconstitutional.?
This bill, he says, has been passed at a time
1 when sufficient revenue can with difficulty
: bo raised to sustain the expenses of the
; ( JoYQinmcnt. Should the bill beeouic law
tlic President siiys the Government would
lie deprived of all income from the sale of
l,il.ds, which for the next fiscal year in estimated
at five millions. On the constitutional
(juestion, ho advances the following
sou ml and substantial Calhotin State Mights
doctrine. It is refreshing to read such nil
emanation from the head of the Federal
Hut docs-Congress possess the power,un
der tlic Constitution, to make a donation of
public lands to the different Stat h of tlic
Union to provide colleges for the purpose
of cdacating their own people?
I presume the jycneral proposition is undeniable
that Confess does not possess tlic
power to appropriuto tnouuy in the treasury
raised by tuxes on the people of tho UntIt'll
Mtiiton fur fiw> nnrnAuo ??.?*! .? ?l *
-..V |??. VI V UWVIHIII- VIIU
people of the respective Htnten. It v.illuot
lie pretended thut any such power is to be
fount! among tho speeifio powers granted
to Congress, nor thut it " in necensiiry and
proper for carrying into execution" anyone
of these powers. Should Congress exorI
eiso such n'power, this would he to broi.k
j down the harriers which have been go curc!
fully constructed in the Constitution tosc|
parnte Fedond from Stuto authority. We
! should then not only " lay and collect tax]
cj?, duties, imposts and exoisos" for b'eder|
id pnrposon, hut for ovcry Stato purpose
/I ! I ' ' "
wniuii vongro?H miviit <100111 expedient or
useful. Thin would bo nn nctr.nl consolidation
of tlio Federal and State Governments,
ho ftir hs tlio grcnt taxing mid money
pd'Ver in concerned, nnd constitute n sort
of parttiQrship between the two in theTrea.
Hurv of tho United States equally ruinous to
i??t it is Gontcndod WnJ IJio gwt/li* rnndk I
lire phiccd upon a different footing
money Mined by .taxxtioi), and thnt tl?o proceed*
nfUdiiK from their siiloa nro not nubjeet
to the limitation* of the Conntitution,
but uny bftajvjSi'opriuted or jjiven ew?y by
Oongreus, at Tt<* Awn dii*. return, to State*,'
corporations or individml^ for nny purpose
they may deem expedient.
The advocates ofthis bill attempt to sustain
their position Upon the language of
the second olauso of the*third section of
the fourth artieloof the Constitution, which
declares that " the Congress shall have
power to dispose of, and make all needful
rules and regulations t respecting the territory
or ot'.er property belonging to llio
United States." They contend that, by
this clause, Congress possesses the power
to fair interpretation of the words " dis*
pose of," in make this gift of public lauds
i i? i!.^ Oi. i i' '
iu iii? ouni'H ior purposes ot education.
It would require clear and strong eviI
deuce to induce the belief that the fruinters
j of the Constitution, after having limited
j the powers of Congress to certain, prcciso
[ and specific objects, intended, by employI
ing the words " dispose of," to give that
| hod}- uidimited power over the vast public
| domain. It would be a strange aitoinalv,
i indeed, to hi.ve created two funds, the ono
| by taxation confined to the execution of
| the enumerated pajvers delegated to Con
I gross, mid tlic other from the public lands,
i applicable to all subjects, foreign mid do'
mestic, which Congress might designate.
I That tit is fund should be " disposed of,"
| not to pay the debts of the United States,
nor to raise and support armies, nor to provide
and maintain a navy, nor to accomplish
any one of the other grout obj,oe^s
enumerated in the "Constitution ; but Wp
diverted from them to pay the debts of tlic
State, to educate their people, and to carry
into effect any other measure of their dbmcstiu
policy. This would be to confer
! upon Congress a vast and irresponsible anI
tl./ivWu ? :?1 >'
...v.vj, Kivvny .ii ??f 1 mihi iin: wen-Known
jealousy of federal power which prevailed
at the formation of the Coust'tutioii. The
nnturnl intendment would he that, as the
Constitution confined Congress to well-dofined
specific powers, the funds placed at
their command^ whether in land or money,
slin llil 1?> ?
tw IIIV | H" I IIM 111(111 i.'V
of tho duties corresponding with those powers.
If not, n government has been created
with all its other powers carefully limited,
but without any limitation in request to
the public lands.
But I cannot ho read tho words " dispose
of" as to make them embrace the
idea pf u giving awny." The true moaning
of the words is always to be ascertained
by the subject to which they arc applied,
and the known general intent of tho lawgiver.
Hon gross is a trustee under the
Constitution for tho people of tho United
States to "dispose of" their public lands,
and J tliuik I may venture to assert with
confidence, that no case can be found in
which a trustee in the position of Congress
has been authorized to " dispose of ' bj
its owner, where it has ever been held thai
these words authorize such trustee to give
awuy the fund entrusted to his cure.
v.uirv?|i?iiiHMioo 01 mo ?\ew iork lleruld.
The Yankee at SebastopolSkha.stoI'oi,,
Deo. l.'J, 1S58.?As ninnj
reports have been circulated relative to the
American enterprise of clearing tho harboi
of ?Scbastopol. the most of them being incorrect,
1 beg to state the facts relative U]
the position of tho Marino Exploring Company,
their snceess and prospects.
] entered into a contract with the Imperial
Russian government in October, 1H6(>
to clear the harbor of Sebastopol from the
ships, steamers, and vessels that were sutili
during the late War, and was to receive a>
compensation, one-half the property recov
I urea. v?n my return to tno United rftiites,
a company was formed in Pennsylvania tc
carry out tlie enterprise, under the title ol
the Marine Exploring Company, duly chartered
by the Legislature. Powerful maehinery
was constructed and men employed,
who embarked from the United Stat* >
under my direction, nnd arrived hero in
Jnnc, 1857 7-t required much time to construct
powerful caissons to assist in lifting
the sunken shins. Our machinery wasnol
completed until June, 1858. On the #d
of June the lirst vessel was raised to the
| snriaee of the water?the schooner-of-war
Smolni, of sixteen puns. .Since that time
I have ruined tho steamer Turk, war steamerOroznoi,
iron steamer Danube, 18 guns;
brig /Kuons, yncht Par i?ennG and cuttei
Ktrulla. These vessels in excellent condition,
and comparatively sound. The Teredo
has only penetrated the upper works ol
the vessels, leaving the uiuin hull quite
sound and in good condition. The engines
1 of the steamers are in nearly art good condition
as tlu-ttgh the vessels Ind been on
tho surface of tlie water. I sold thef-toimier
Turk to tho Imperial (iovermncnt for
80,000 silver roubles, and sho will be running
again in the coursc of four mouths.?
l 'in,A 1.~ -
, . . ? vuiuiiiimiuH wiiu uAiiiiiiuuo cue tjteanier
reportal that fivo per cont. of her vnlua
would pofWio cost of putting hor in perfect
running order, and ahc in now undergoing
repairs at NicolaifF. I have also sold
the steamer Omznoi for 23,OOC silver'rouble*,
at puhlic auction,
i * ?
in nuumon to tno nuovo, I have rcmnv|
cil the 120 nun shin Catharine, tlic line.V
L .IAI. .A. ' 4.1 ' .1 n i ? .
i ui-unmii snip o.igonvii, tno gun ship
I'aris, another 84 gun ship, the Chesina,
iued formerly ?? ?? prison whip ; tlio frigate
Cavarna, also a frigate which wan formerly
vtuul for a primn ship j the transport lJerevjur,
tho 7U wun schooner L;tsh?oohn,
and ovcf one-half of the l2>}gun sliip Constantino.
I hayjft recently had important conocssiona
granted by (.he government, having
j?jst completed (h?i contract hy whit?h they
, give all the property, instead of one-half,
i'.H heretofore?the above arrangement to
commence from the ?uth of last June;
therefore, nil tlie vessels ami property recovered
Hiuce that date belong to the company.
AVe are now busily engaged in the varii
oils branchc* of the work. Wc have sixty
carpenters enjjaRcd on two immense cni*.
sons, under the superintendence of an old
liostonian?I'upt. cauiucl 1<\ Holbrook.?
They will be completed early in the snrinfr,
whcfi we shall raise some of the largest
ships, which are estimated to he worth
200,000 silver roubles each ; and of the
raising of them there is no possible question.
AVe have recently purchased irom
j Constantinople a fine steuni tn<j boat of fif- |
ty horse power, which we find very useful, j
Tl.O I1AW will ?..W? "I" *>r- """ '
v?ikt Wfou ouuut -UjVUV '
j silver roubles, and arc paid for Our steam- j
j cr cost 10,000, and is also paid fur, and not j
one cent lias been drawn From the Conipa- J
' ny ?t home. We have a large amount of |
i property on hand, besides the vessels, such !
as copper, brass, 2f>0 tons of |?ij* iron, 200 |
tons of wrought iron, 200 tons of rope, |
large quantities of lead, chains of all sizes I
and dimensions. Thus it will be perceived
that the Company is in a flourishing com'i- |
tion. 1 wr' 1 had a lew more good Amer- )
I ican engineers to run steam engines, of
I which I have eight in constant use.
1 have, contracted to entirely clear the
harbor in two years from the time, and the
I work shall bo promptly done. If the Russian
(iovernnient should not purchase the
tloct recovered, 1 shall be in a trood condition
to enter into a contract with any respectable
xovernnient to bombard, conquer
or destroy either of the minor Powers. I
i would not mind Turkey, Spain, or even
India. The question is, how much is offered
? My fleet will be quite as numerous
, as that of the United States, if not ajjalTcctive,
i There are also live fme war steamers,
with copper boilers, that 1 shall tako up in
the Spring. The boilers alone weigh forty-two
tons each, and are worth ?22,000
i each lbr old copper.
John K. Gowks.
Daring Feat at NiagaraCnossiNo
A cot-respondent of the Chicago Press and
Tribune gives the following particulars of
the recent insane hazard at Niagara Falls,
of Signor Gaspa Morelli, alias Andrew
Green leaf, a dare-devil Ya kee boy, who,
for a wager of one thousand dollars, on
Monday week, actually crossed Naigara river,
walking upoh stilts, between Goat Island
mid the Falls. This writer says:
, Punctually at 7, Morelli appeared, in
fine spirits and condition, lie had with
hiut a pair of stilts'about ? feet long, made
of wrought iron, flat, sharp edged and pointed?shaped,
in fact, almost precisely like
a double-edged dagger. These were firmly
lashed to his legs, and he walked towards
, the terrible river with a confiding smile.
, j The morning was clear and cold, but he
. Wits attired very lightly, in a dress not unusually
worn by professional gymnasts. At
( ten minutes past seven, he stepped into the
water, which in another moment was boil,
ing, surging, oud rushing beneath his feet.
The boldest of the lookers on held hisbrcatlf
in suspense, as the daring man receded
| from shore, lie, alone, sodtned unmoved,
and passed on, slowly and carefully, avoid.
inding the largest rocks, which were made
apparent by the eddying current; His
steps at first were very short and carefully
' tnnilrt !?..> /l- i - ? ?> '
) H.VV4 IMUUO MUlUfl UUU
The stilts, of course, wore phiced tlint
tho current struck only against th -ir sharp
edges, and produced but little elicet; but
, the danger from the sunken rocks, and the
conviction that a single false step would
send him to death, produced a feeling that
, was horribly painful. Onco or twice lie
' seemed to lose his balance, and a sickening
| shudder run through each one of the be,
holders. Recovering himself, he still kept
. t on?still roccded, until to our straining
1 : eves ho coulllscnvcely bo distinguished from
' the foaming wntcrs.
Tlio middle of tho river w is attained .'it
, last; hour* scout to have fled, but it wits
barely seventeen minutes si/roe he lo.'t the
shore. As he approached t!ie deep 'St niuf
r most dangerous part of his route, tho sur
ponso became inoro fearfully intense. No
! word wan t>poken, except thiitone man offeroJ
another lire dollar* for a moment's use
of his lorgnette, whioh offer passed unheeded.
Just as Morelli reached the swiftest
and deepest portion of the current, he seem
od to totter?sink?he threw up his arms I
I closed my eyes. Opening them a few moments
more, and he rottchcd the cannndiati
hank?anil feel exhausted into the arms of
two men who were, waiting for him.
At thin hour [ft p. m.] l?o has nearly recovered,
and though .?till in bed, receives
j tho congratulations of dozens of visitors
I who come pouring in. lie left tho AmorI
lean shore ;io'* feet, above the full, and onnie ]
out about 1.1)00 fcet id?ovo tho Cannadian.
'jl Tho money ha.-t already b^eu handed over
him^nud all will agroe that it was fairly
" Do you keep nailx here ?" linked n ideepylooKing
1?(1, walking into 11 hardware isliup
! thq other day. ">Ycreplied the gnu tie
limniy propriev>r, ww Kcop Hll knula of
j jiiiIIm. "Wliiit kind win you hnvo, sir, mid
liow Miiiny?" ' Woll," 8iii<l the boy, sliding
#1.? II Til - >
WH.uunuiu mnn, i it WRU il JHHIflU OI
fingcrnuil*, nnJ about :i pound aiula halfof
Gen Jackson's Duel tvith a "Dead Shot." j
We extract from ? cotcmporary's account
the chief items of interest connected with
the extraordinary duel between (Jen. .Jaekson
and a notorious gambler named Dickinson,
whieh occurred ontho 20th of April, !
IS07, near the State line between Ken- I
tuckv nnd Tmmwuiixi 1? ?i -? '
-J - ----- ? "ia? |
Jackson and l)ic)<int>on had staked livcliun- '
died dollars on a horse nicc and that Jiick8011
proved winner, lie took Dickinson's
note for the amount, and was satisfied with
the endorsement. .Jackson had many enemies
who feared as well as hated liitn, and :
tlwv lull II Till I V I.W.M .l.i.l -1 II! -1-! I
J 1 4IMMIIIU I/IUKI IISUI1| !
and laid in wait lor the first opportunity
that might present it.self to bring him in
collision with the latter. This wan the
first occasion, and they made use of it, in
violation of all truth and mercy, for they
forced Dickinson?who, it seems was in
some respects, of an amiable and credulous !
deposition?beyond bis own animosity and j
Clianlnlnno " ?- * T * *
i u?'|Mviuur, iu iK-iicvt* null. d^cKpoii had !
disparaged tlio character of liin note in some j
way or other; and hence the challenge.?
Jackson denhd the chargo entirely, but it j
failed to conciliate Dickinson, or even to !
be believed by him against the representations
of those who were thus using him to I
ret their onnmv nut nf !>?? ~ ?-i -
j >/..v v. VKb 11UJ , illlU IIIO
challenge was accepted. The two pvineij
pals were accompanied to the fatal spot by
! ten or twelve friends each. .Sixteen feet
was the distance at which the dud was to |
he fought, which will he hotter appreciated
by reflecting that is only iivo paces |
and one foot. Now couple this with the j
! fact that Dickinson, the day before, praeti- j
I siii^r at the image of a man, fired four balls,
i instantaneously after the command each 1
time, into a space capable of being covered
by a silver dollar, i:ud some idea can be
formed of the barbarity of duels in those
j Jays. It is said, also, on the same pood
! authority, that Dickinson was .so confident
I of killing .Jackson, that he was induced to
I authorize bets to the amount of throe thou- j
I sand dollars that such would ho the cane, j
1 All that now remained, was the ntteudents j
! to retire to a safe position and give the
words of command. They fired, but no
one fell. But an instant revealed the real
state of affairs, and Dickinson's friends ran
forward to sustain him. A dark stream of
blood spirted from his side, and an ominious
indication was nflfimln.1 in tlm
I less endeavor to staunch it. A pawpaw
bush, standing hard Ly, afforded a convenient
place to recline liini while undergoing
the process of examination. It was
found that the ball had entered the side,
above the point of the hip bone, and be- i
low the ribs, and, passing entirely through |
j the body, was retarded by the opposite hip
j bone and lodged just within the skin.
The small difficulty of extraction but:
showed tho great danger of the wound ; |
and hope was soon destroyed by the dis- I
eovery of mingled hemorrhage and pur- j
j_\ng.' The first thing, on discovering the ;
i nature of tho wound, was, to dispatch a j
j courier to Dickinson's wife with theintelli- 1
. trence. that he was iangcrously wounded, i
j no was tncu conveyed back to his lodgings. |
| Hero, lie was placed in a room, and on two j
feather- beds, underlaid by two niuttrnssos. j
He writhed in uureuiittiiig torture until he
was too far gone to exhibit his sufferings,
and gave vent all the while to his wound,
that it passed through a'l his bedding, and
required it to be cleansed up every few
hours. Thus he progressed until nine in
the evening. The bed stood in the middle :
of the door, and a brilliant light illuminnted
the room, when the clock struck nine. I
.Just then he asked, complainiugly, why |
they had blown out tho candle and left him
in the dark. Tho surgeon shook hishend.
for he knew the infallible omen. Ho had
gono completely blind. The last spark of
light went out to him on earth. Again he
commenced cursing, and within five minutes
from the time of bis blindness, his spirit
had fled from that suffering body. Dickinson
wr.s a man of great wealth, and was
j the husband of a blooming wife of twentyj
| He lived in Nashville, now. ns then, the
capitol of Tennessee, lie arose t-everal
hours before dawn on tlie d;>y he left home.
His wife-wits ignorant ?>f (lie duel; ami feeing
aroused by his restless pacing to and
fro, asked wlmt was the matter. lie tohl i
her that lie was to ftart thiit morning on j
1 usi iters, across lied llivcr, in Kentucky;!
but that lie Would ho sure to he back by |
| to tnorrow night. Then approaching the j
I bed, and taking her checks between his
i hands, lie kissed Iter fo/thc List time, reI
marking tenderly, "(rood h^e, darling!*'
! and immediately set off with his party.?
I With what soul crushing effect the drerd|
ful tidings fell upon her heart we may endeavor,
at least, to imagine. Suffice it to.
say that her carriage had accomplished the
the loptf day's ride, while it. Was yef cn/19 ]
in the ovoninj; of tho day following liin 1
death, and who arrived in U10 neighborhood J
before tlic news hud rproad more than a i
few inileHon tho road along which Kheeaine. j
She lir.<t heard of his death nhont tlnec '
miles from where he wan; and r.t every I
breath nttered n piereinjr shriek until she j
roached the object of her deep distres*.? !
ller youth find beauty added much to the
trreat sympathy nil felt for lief in her rod
bereavement. Whetusho wcheifhis lifelens
form, bIjc wished *now it in a froniy of
grief, and gave v^utttv licr feelilitrs in kir*??
C8, embraces, nnil .InnicnliitioliR. Hix
coffin Mimn nrrivedlnv.n n neighboring vilbige,
n:i l aft t passing t!ic loacly vigils of
the night in holding an affectionate glrnrdiau
ship over his mortal remain:), hIio net
off next morning, to conduct the mournful
cortege. General .Jackson wasalso wounded,
Dickinson's hall hating ploughed across
his breast to the depth of one halt its thick*
HATTi.E With tilt i.MHAN's. - Twenty Wnrr'cf<
Killed and Thirty Prisoners Taken.-*1
From (lie Northern California extra, of January
22, published at ' n ontowu, Humboldt
county, we Imro tho following:
tiencrhl Kibhc hasjttst returned from Cnpt.
Messick'd camp, and informs us tliat Copt.
M ussick, with fourlcon inCn, was attacked
by 'I"* Indians, one hundred and fifty in number,
in tlie Ked woods, about seventeen mited
Mast of IKiw's prairie, nt o'clock, on yesterday
morning, tiiul tho Indians were repulsed.
afler a hard Jight which lasted about
one hour. About twenty Warriors were k?f>
led, and two of tlio volunteers wounded in
the engagement. Thirteen sijuaweftnU chilrmi
Among the Indian* killed, it is paid that
the noted warrior chief. (jhu-l'on-tery, was
one. On their return from the field with
the wounded nnd prisoners, two shots wero
fired upon them by the Indians, one of which
severely wounded Work, one of the volunteers,
in the el how. The names of the wout:dei^
in the engagement aro John ilouek,
wounded in the risrht hand and bod?, and
Snnuutl Overlander, in both thighs. It is
hoped that none of tlio wounds will provo
dangerous. Preparations are now boing tnadd
to surround these Indium-, by three different
Nkw Ohlkanh, Fob. 20.-?Tho stoanf*
ship Tennessee, Cnpt. Forbes, arrived hero
to-day from Vera Cruz., with dates to February
22. (.Jen. M iramon, at the head of
4000 men, was collecting forced loan? itt
all directions. lie bad appointed n new
Cabinet. It was reported that there were
4000 Liberals in Zaentrons. and morn mnu
tcring jit Monilia in opposition to the movements
of Mi ramon. The commanders of
(ho Kuglish and Krench squadrons at Vera!
Cruz had threatened to search the steamship
Tennessee for filIibusters, reported to
be a board, but were informed by ( 'apt. Samls
of the 1". S. Sloop.of-war Saratoga, that bo
would not permit it. The Knglish and
French merchants had placed themselves
nnder the protection of the American flag*
"Not Ouit.ty."?Wc all reeollcct tho
vcrboseneso of the old Ktyle of pleadings
ueiore itie uourts were purged of their prolixity
by the "Code." An indictment fof
a simple misdemeanor, was so long and
tiresome that a victim, against whom onct
waa "found," would almost plead "guilty"
to get rid of the bore of its reading. Lu-?
der this system an indictment was found
against .Joel Nusli, a simple-minded backwoodsmen,
of (' countv Ohio."?
Nash had simply knocked Davis down for1
sonic trival insult, and Davis through malice,
laid informed the Attorney Genera)
of the affair, and the Grand Jury had found
a " true hill" against Nash. The eascr
came uji and Joel was called. The Attorney
General who reads an indictment with
peculiar gusto, upon .loci's appearance at
the Bur, drew his indictment and began ttf
read of the prisoner's not having the fear
of God before his eyes, but being moved
and instigated by the Devil, did in the
coUnty aforesaid at, &c., aforesaid, against
the peace aud dignity of the .State, assault,
with divers sticks, bludgeons, blocks of
woou, logs, oars or iron, pistols, bowicknives,
daggers, dirks, Arkansaw toothpicks,
brick bats, and stones, in and upon
tho Wad, neck, arms, breast, belly, abdomen,
legs, kueca, nnd feet, of the said Da ?
v?t>, make divers wounds, contusions, bruises,
bumps, eats, stabs, holes, burns, &e.,
<K:c." Nash, uneasy from tho first, uport
tho reading of the indictment, began to
grow pale and nervous, lie twisted and
squirmed, and 'twas till his counsel could
do to prevent his interrupting the Attorney
-- vmi, ncavens, tnoiignt Joel, " did
that dod rotted .Joe Davis swar to all tlieiu
lies ? of ho did I'm a gone coon."
After the Attorney (reneral had finishedi
the reading, he turned to Joel, and said :
" Jyel Nash, what any you to this charge
in this indictment ' are you guiltv, or not
.Joel sprang to his foot, and said :
" Not guilty to ti nt piece uv pnpcf,
H(|?tiro; Vmt 1 jes si-p| ed Juc Davis ovor
furca'lin uv me a Iiuf. '
Joel's rppcaran.cc of anguish at boin^
accused of bruUing and boating up Joo l>avis
in such a manner, and his answer to
tl'O charge, wan iirosistable, and Court, Bar
and all laughed immoderately. Joel was
lined and josta, upon his plea of "guilty,"
and the members of the L'ar faised
thu amount for him.
A Man Without TinAiffs.?An arti
cie going the roi.nds. Hint ton.c fellow
out west who had his briiins knocked out
is utiil living. Lucky fellow to have any
brains, it is nothing stintigc to see men
moving about without brains, weknCiwlots,
living who havn't any brains to knock (.tit.
You might krtftck liieir heads (.ft, and if
they didn't bleed to 'loath they'd ftill live.
[ lliniuy Sun.
A N Ingenious do.tifl-csbfrr Imp rorst i u< t
ed a uiiniuturd fji^qrv-villairo, with inginos,
wheels, wiildiniilft, cii fringes, wntcrfalls,
persons wiping, pfrying, swinging,
&i\, nnd (lift wl o!e so doHentely nrriniged
and so nicely^idjuHttHl, hp to I o put in complete
( porntKHi by a single n.oufrC, which
tmvols in a stnnll cirvulur cn^e, us i^nirrvl*
arc often living.