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pifgiEj ij| jpiMESL
"TO *'.N*K OWN BKLF RK TRITK, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE * NIC! Ill' TIIK DA V, TIIOU CANST NOT THKN RK FALSK TO ANY MAN."
HY ROIPT. A. THOMPSON. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY. OCTOBER 13, ISCO. VOL. XII. NO. II
(*=?'S*fl rr? r*i <=;? rv w ie>>e.ni'
vw U l?>iy IF'UlM.Tir&V,
The World Harvest.
, j They are sowing their seed in tlic daylight fair;
SThey uro sowing thwir sued in the noonday's glare;
.Tliev arc sowing their soeil in the soft twilight,
They arc sowing I heir seed in the solemn night?
What shall the harvest be I
Tlioy ftic sowing their ?oed of pleasant thought.
In tlio spring's green light "they have blithely
Tlioy have brought their fancies from wood and dell
Where the mosses creep and I lie (lower buds swell,
uare snail Hie harvest be !
They are cowing the seed of word and deed.
Which the cold know not, nor the careless heed,
Of (lie gentle ward and the kindest deed
I'll at htire blest the henrt in its sorest need;
Sweet shall the harvest be ?
And Ho:no are sowing the seeds of pain,
Ol' Ute remorse and in maddened brain ;
And the stars shall full and the sun shall wane,
J'Ico they root tlic weeds from their soil again ;
Dark will the harvest be !
And some are standing with idle hand.
Yet they scatter seed on tlioir native land ;
And some are cowing the seeds of care,
Whjeh their soil has borne and still must bear;
Had will the harvest bo I
I'l.A.. - " -
. nujr : *)wiiiIMP soon Ol noble (ICl'll,
With a sleoplo?? wuioli nn<l .\n earnest heed;
AVitli a consoles* Hand o'er tlie earth they sow.
An I ilio tlehU arc whitening where'er tlicy go ;
U ii-h will lliu havvcat lie !
8own in tlu-kncsfl, or sown in light.
80911 in weakness, or sown in might,
SoWtvin inecknodi or sown in wrath.
In the broad work-iiehl. or the shadowy path,
Hul'o will tlie harvest l?o !
' - 1 " _
Entry of Qciribildi into Naplei?Exciting;
Tito liberator of Tt.alv ontor>.l " >
tho morning of tho. 7 th ult. Tho National
Guards of the city wore stationed nt tho nitr.uioc
of the town to welcome him, and all
tho Hags of the old (r jvornmcnt were torn
down. A letter to the London Timr* gives
a description of his receplion :
At last twelve o'clock strikes and a bell
founds, and frn:n a distance n signal is made
that (ravihaldi is approaching. " Vina Oaribddi!"
rises from a thousand ^ >*ccs, and
the train Kti?p5?; a few red jackets got out,
and they are seized, hugged and kissed wit!)
that most unmerciful violence that character:?
v?. i(i-i itiiiiiiu amor. 1 noi'o wis oii-j pour elderly
iiciti, who, by virtue of his white bearO,
was taken for ttniihuldi, und was slobbered
that I thought he must have sunk under
the operation, but the great man hud gone
round by another door, and so there was a
rush in all'direction* to intercept him. We
drove round hy a sidu street to the front of the
('arinine, and thus by a knowing dodge we
came in front of the Dio.fcntor.
Photo is no mistaking that face; there is
the trr.inddiir and the imnciinoaa .if h.i?i.? /?*.?
( . " i r- " ",,vw,g ?
iiolilumtn expressed, nnd docs not say one
while plotting another; it is marked
by a loyalty which ill Vain might bo sought,
for in that of many so called groat olios of
tho earth. T was mud. struck with his ca!;n
self-possession, nnd the extreme sweetness of
his H.nlh'H 1 Ie was not in the carriage, of the
French Minister, though 1 believed it had
been pi iced at his disposal, but in one hired
for the occasion. Followed and accompanied
by three linos of carriages, lie went
r.lcng the' MiirinolU. through the Aasso For
to, surrounded by thousands, and deafened
Ity their greeting:), up the Lego Castello, and
so on l>y San Carlo and the Palace of the
King, which royalty only left a few hours before,
and entered the Palace of rccuption of
foreign Prince*. The crowd waved backwards
and forwards, and looked up to the
windows, and Khoutcd for the nppcaranco of
First eainrt nnn r?>?l ? ?1
vw.-v, viivji* II 11(11 nri . iimi
?t last th* hero. What a cry of " VIra "
there roso from tho vust mass holdw! When
l:i4t that balcony was occupied by n distinguished
person igc it was by tho <?mtitl Duke
ot' Tuscany, but iu answer to no oalls, f,,r
thftro were only ? few of those idlers wlu?
always hang about tho palaces of Princes.?
It wan impossible to make himself hoard
amid the noiso and confusion, and so (Jaribaldi
leant over the iron railing and gazed
intently on tho crowd. A wave of tho hand
..l i _.l-i ?
lib mm H*Km lor 8IICI1C0, but III Vllin. ' %!(
fi! Zitti!" roao from nil nido?, mid thoro
w is ft porfeot silence. " Neapolitans," snid
? voicfc na clear n? u bell, and with nn nnnnciotiotr
ho distinct that nothing could fuil to
reach tho nnr?
14 Thin is a solemn, holy and memorable
dn*. Thin d iy, from being subjects under
the yolco of tyranny, you have beconic a free
pocplo. I thank you in tho name of the
wholo of Italy. You have preformed ft great
work, not only for Itoly, but for oil humanity,
w!i?so rights you huve vindicated.?
4 17w iTali fov liberty,' so much doarer than
other nations. 1 Ijong livo Italy!' J'
Th<? ory wim taken up by the thousands
*i??;ml*lcd, nnd " Vivn Italia V might have
been heard from one end of the city to the
other. There vfljre curious spcutneles to bo
witnessed in tho crowd?thcro wero members
of n legion of Amazon* to the number
of 200, who, dressed ia tho (jttribnldtan unifonft,
had vowed to plaoo themselves in front
of the National Guard and of Garibaldi, in
oaso the military hrfd Interfered. There
we?re priests with triA!nr?l
nho??1<len? and baiinora in thoir hnnrdj, nnd
bore-heuded, monk* wjtb musket* on their
boulder*. Tlioro were men mid woinon with
unsheathed sword* nnd daggers mid ?wordjitlijkH
in their hand*, which they hrundwhod
in d)I the drunkenness of,enithu&la?rn. Thcro
were hundred* of Lsfcgur-oni, ariuod with
nikea, wbioh hnd been provided for the doK'uoe
of tho barricades had tho Bourbons
fi:c p^plo to ?ucb oxtronics. 8uob
were some of the scenes to bo witnessed.
Tlioro is a torohlitflit procession in eh&rgoa
nnd on foot in tbo Toledo nnd other part* of
tbc olty. Crowd* ru*b ?Jong with torches
' . >.
j or banners in one band and knives or swords
, in the other, like so n>nny mad Haeohanaj
liana, only they were not drunk, except with
j joy and newly found liberty, and tliey stop
and hug or kiss, and then rush on till they
I meet with other crowds.
The Capture of General Walker.
The New Orleans papers bring us full ac
ui'uuio vi me surrender ot the Fillibusters.
'i'lic Delta says:
Aftc\; evacuating the fort, under tho threats
of the British commander, Walker retreated
with his men down the coast to n place about
twenty miles from Truxillo, called Roman,
where lie was attacked by a party of llondurans,
led by a French desperado, who had
been released from prison at the Beliz, where
lie wag under a sentcuce of death, with a
promise uf j?ardon on condition that he captuied
Walker. The Hondurans, under the
lead of this ruffian, made a vigorous assault
on Walker's cauip, but wore met with crreat
steadiness and coolness, nnd repulsed with
the loss of half their tuen. During the fight
the French brigand who led the pnrty made
n desperate effort to capture the General, nnd
succeeded in wounding him, but was finally
killed by the General himself. Retreating
in good order further down the coast, Walker
reached n place called Cotton Wood, or
Limns, where lie was again attached, and
apon repulsed his assaillants. Continuing
ins retreat, hp reachcd the river called Tinto,
or Black River, where lie encamped. The
natives still pursued and threatened liiin, hut
Walker kept thcni at a distance, until information
having been sent to Commander Salmon,
of the Briti a ship Icarus, who was off
the coast, accompanied by a schooner having
on board a force of llouduran soldiery?and
the British Commander sent up a strong
force, composed of sailors and marines of the
Icarus and of the llonduran soldiery, who,
I surrounded Walker's camp, compelled his
: surrender. lie surrendered to the British
| Commander, who asked him and Colonel
! Budlcr of whnt enuntrv or (
. . ./ ? J
claimed protection. Walker's answer ways,
! "That of Nicaragua." lie was then asked
; if lie desired to place himself under the protection
of the British flag. He replied,
| " No: that he had no claims on that Goveru|
"Then," it is said the British officer replied,
' as you have no Government, I will
insure you one," and ordered that he be delivered
over to the llonduran officer, who
had him and (jolopel Ruuler ironed.
I The wholo party was then taken back to
> Truxillo, and the men were placed under
j British protection, and Walker and. Rudlcr
j were imprisoned (jn irons) in tlio fort.?
''"hen Walker whs surrendered to C'aj?t. Salmon,
ho made the following proi.T* :
| " I hereby protect, before tlio civilized
' world, that when I surrendered to the captain
of her Majesty's steamer Iearns, that
j officer expressly received my sword and pistol,
as well as tlio arms of Col. lludlcr ; and
the. surrender was expressly and in so many
words to him, as the representative of her
Oil board tlio otfl iiii-ii' K l qua '?
_ . ..V.? lUfll UO, *Jy IOUU,
It is stated that tlio Kn^lish occupation of
' the Riy Islands is to continue fur nix months
j longer, tho fravrison to be maintained at the
expense of Honduras. Much dissatisfaction
j is felt at the neglect of our Government to
1 send a national vessel occasionally to those
waters, the l ist visit having been uiuuti by
the Horn t, more than thirty years ago.
CltRM.VrroN IN llrsIA.?A utrange affair is
related in tho Itnssian journals at Moscow.
ileoently the occupiers of a vast hoube sit tin;
corncr of Great \Vest-street were awakened
by the plowing and crackling of a fire, nn<l on
gotting up, found that a large pile of fuel, consisting
of logs of fir-trees, which had been
collected in the court-yard, was in flames.?
The conflagration was extinguished as soon ns
possible. On examining the remains of the
fire, the calcined bones of a female were found,
and it turned out that a widow, Gained Theleska
'J' , about forty years of age, wlio
bad lived in the bonne, had disappeared.?
Nothing could bo beard of this woman, and
us she had repeatedly declared that in these
times the sacrifice of human victims was necessary
to appease the wrath of God against |
sinners, the conclusion was come to that she
had lighted up the fire and placod herself in
me v-msi or it to be consuim-d! In the Itussiun
ompiro, the Moscow journals state, selfcremation,
front motives of religious fanaticism,
is not rare, [n tho provinoeof Olonctx,
for example, in the course of last spring, not
fewrtr ti?Hn fifteen persons, men and women,
burned themselves to death, in tho bcliof that
they wore performing an act pleasing to Cod.
Study of tub Pack.?A story is told of
the grout French satirist, which finely illustrates
his knowledge of hantan nature. He
wan traveling in Ceruiuuv, in entire ignorance
of its lauguugo and currency. Having obtained
some small chnngo for somo of his
French coins, ho used to pay coachnien and
others in tho foP >wing manner : Taking a
handful of tho nuiuisniaticsl specimens from
his pocket, ho counted them, one by one,
into tho creditor's hands, keeping bis eyo
fixed all tho time on tho receiver's face. As
soon as he preccivod tho least twinkle of a
smilb, ho took back the last coin deposited 1
i in me nana, ana returned it, with tho remainder,
to his pbeket. * He aftorwards found
that, in pursuing this method, he had not
overpaid for anytning.
A R'?m asce-rradinii young man wao one day j
passing u muir-luiid farm, wliich was hplf oovcoverod
with furie and hoath, and a fine back- j
ground-of barret: roekrf and dnrh pine*, lie
vaid to the farmer who wan grinding his way i
through the t.-ugged earth, " A magnificent locality,
sir I?one of Nature'? triumphal?*an <*mbtdiinent
?f poetry J " Oh, yes, said the farmor,
wiping theInrgo drops of parsplratiou from
hlh brow, " the poetry of the place is vary treel,
but if ye had to plough tip the prose of tho
ground, ya'cl whth the poatry far enangh."
Latest Foreign News.
Considerable uneasiness was felt in Paris
owing to apprehensions of a collision between
the French troops in ltoinc and (Jaribuldi's
The hope of more serious complications being
avoided, was chiefly founded on the e.\|
peetation that the Pope would shortlv leave, i
The Sacred College were exerting their influence
to induce hinj to seek an nylum in
Spain or Austria.
If the l'ope departs, the French would follow
his example, and the Sardinians would at
once occupy Hume.
It w;is reported that Gen. Guyon's forccs
would be increased to 20,000 men.
The London Times says that the 1'npal nr4
my no longer axists, for the 10,000 men hesieged
in A n con a may already be reckoned
HiiiiHig v/cin. v.iiiKimi s prisoners.
The London Herald says the Papal army
lias been defeated, but not dishonored. Latnorieiere
was evidently out-numbered, and
bis forces, ill organized and ill formed, were
no match for a regular army, led by able commanders.
The London Chronicle says the result of
the recent battle is to transfer to the King of
Sardinia the whole Roman territory, except
Home, Orbitello and Civita Vccchia.
The foreign journals notice prominently the
struggle between the civil and military leaders
of the Italian revolution, and the subject
is adverted to in several of the London papers.
The London Herald says the fate of Italy
is involved in tho struggle between Cavour
Tho Loudon Times observes that '"both
men mean the same thing, and arc endeavor
iu? u< uuium niu same oojcct, Dut uavour recognizes
difficulties which have to be avoided,
while (laribaldi believes he can ride down all
obstacles, sword in hand (Jaribaldi's impulsive
system is admirable against his own countrymen,
but favour's will be indispensable to
Italy as an antagonist for France and Austria."
Affaius in lloMfi.?The London Herald's j
Paris correspondent is informed that a manifesto
by the Pope, announcing his deteruiina- J
tion to withdraw from Jlonie, is nlreadv nre- !
The London Times quotes from a Turin k'ttcr
of the 8th, that Garibaldi persists in attacking
Home while the French and the Pope '
are there. The government of Victor Kmanuol
will repulse the attack in concert with itallies,
no matter what may L - the consequeu- I
The same letter also says that co'.npleto an- ,
archy reigns in Sicily, and administrative dis- |
order at Naples.
Tub Uatti.kBktwkkx Lamorioikue and
Cialdini.? Tlic battle of the IHtli, between
Lamoricicre nnd Cialdini, lasted six hours.?
After tho battle, the greatest portion of the
Pontifical army capitulated. The foreign
troops will not return to their respective countries.
The following official despatch had reached
Iks I, September 18.?Lmnoriciere, with
1 1 ,000 men, attacked to day the position lately
taken by Cialdini at Castle Fidaldo. The
fight was abort hut desperate, with the following
results : Tho junction of Lutuoricicre's
corps with the remainder of his troops at An
cona ia preventedj six hundred prisoners
have been made; six pieces of artillery and
a flag were taken ; only the wounded, among
whom was (juiiuta! J'ienodeni, fell into the
hands of C'ialdini. The loss of the enemy is
A column of six thousand men made a sortie
from Aneona and took part in the fight,
but was compelled Jo retire, and is being pur
1 L_ il - M V ' ""
sucu uy inu oaruiman troops. I lie Neapolitan
fleet opened lire against Anconn.
Lamoricicre, with a few horsemen, succeeded
in reaching Aucona.
Outside of Aneona there is not a single
Tho London Times' city article, dated on
the cveuing of the 20th, says : On tho news
of the defeat of Lamoriciere, tho English
funds ope.led this morning at a further fractional
improvement, which was upheld thro'out
the di'y, notwithstanding the near approach
of tho end of the quarter. No gold
I i ? ? .1 ' ?
won uougniuy mc mm; to-(lay.
After the official publications of Ciuldini's
victory Turin was e? ft h\ The illuminations
The six hundred prisoners of war taken nt
Spoleto aro Irishmen. The Sardinian Government
wished the British Minister to take
charge of and Bend thorn home, but ho declined,
saying he could not regard their, as British
No foreign Minister, except the French,
had beon ordrfVed to quit Turin.
Important* Dkmands of Garihaldi.?
Advices from Turin assort that a letter had j
been addressed by Garibaldi to Victor Emanuel,
demanding the immediate dismissal of;
n i ?i ? * * - *
vvitvour :inu i'nriui. lie also demanded thirty
thousand Sard id inn soldiers to garrison Naples.
Oaribnldi'sfetter is couched in respectful
but energetic terms. The nbovo conditions
aro specified by Garibaldi as a sine qua
non of gopd understanding between him and
l'iodmont. Tho King iniiucdiatcly despatched
a notfi to Qaribnldi, but the contents are
not known. Tho Ministry will communicate
to the Sardinian Parliament tho demands nf
Garibaldi, and request ita approval of their
conduct. Should thiu approval ho withheld,
tlio Cabinet will resign. If Garibaldi's request
is granted, tho Kiyg will pluco himself
at tho head of his army amd march for Naples.
Much agitation prevailed at Turin.
Sovcnty-four Austrian vessels of war,
mounting nine hundred gunt?, arc oidercd to
rendezvous off the island of Lizzn, in tho
Tiro Austrian protest against tho invasion
/if iliA Itnman JAU Ita/H 1 >? ?!?
v; ??? I'w.*vn ?"U IVUWIIUU 1 4%ft 40.?"
Austria wilt not interfere at present, uiiIohr
Vonetia is attacked, but holds herself froo to
choose her own time of attacking the revolution.
Su.MMAUY PUMSUMKXT IN SvilIA.?Military
operations in Syria would commence after
the hot weather. Aohinct Pacha, Osman
Doy, and MuMaplia Hey, who betrayed the
Christians at llaskya, anil Osmcn 1?oy, who
commanded the troops during the massacres,
were shot at Damascus on the 8th.
Fhanck.?The Paris correspondent of the
London Post telegraphs that the statement of
nn attempt on the life of the Emperor Napo;
id totally unfounded.
A^umor was current iis Paris flint Pmmt
Persiany will shortly follow M. Thouvcncl in
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The Paris Constitutionncl gives a catcojrori- \
cal denial to the report that tho islands of
Sardinia and Elba are to be ceded to France
sis indemnity for the annexation of Naples
ami Sicily to Piedmont.
Malonv/s Mixtukk for tuv*. Couo.n cut
Ccn.T).?Take one teacup of Ibixseed, soak it ;
all night. In the morning put in a kettle two j
quartu of water, a handful, split tip, of liquorice
root, oue rpinrtcr of a pound of raisins,
broke in half. Let them boil till the
s/rcngth i.s thoroughly extracted, then add!
the flaxseed, which has hcou previously soaked.
Let nil boil about half an hour more,
watching and stirring, that the mixture may
not burn. Then strain, and add lemon juice
and sugar to taste. Take any quantity, cold,
through the day, and half tumblerful, warm,
at night. The above is a most excellent re1
I LiM.Mr.nt FunSin.unj? and Bih isks.?
, A raw egg, well beaten, half a pint of vinegar,
an ounce of spirits of turpentine, a quarter
of an ounce of spirits of wine, and a quarter
of an ounce of spirits of camphor: these
iu uc imxuu io}rciner, urst oissolviii?
111 (5 camphor in tho spirits of wine, then
put the mixture in a bottle and shake for ten
minute?, alter which it is to be corked down
| tightly to exclude the air. In half an hour it
is fit for use.
cirilk roil Canckk.?Take a quantity of
red oak hark, burn to ashes ; to this add water ;
hoil Jo the consistency of molasses. Apply it
freely to the part affected ; leave it on for an
hour, afterwards cover the plasters with tar;
remove in u few days; and it' protuberance
appear in tin; woum\ apply the plaster and tar
.. w ?..i i > '
miiuiiiuivij- aim' M'oy an u;s:\ppcar; utter
wliicli apply anv healing salve.
lVntih Suitk Throat.?Ft lias been as
certained by experiment that good youst, taken
internally, is a sovereign remedy for putrid
soro throat. It gives almost instant relief.
Cum fop. Wauts axdOohns.?The bark
of a willow tree, burnt to ashes, mixed with
strofi? vinegar, and applied to the parts, will
romovo all corns or cxcreseenccs on any part
of the body.
Vice Ukoknts fou South Cauoi.ina.?
Wc notice in our previous number the appointment
of .Mrs. Mary Chcsuut as Vice Kegeut
for South Carolina. Since then, some
few facts in reference to this venerable and
i.,i.. i - ? t i
Kiujf mi vu uumu to our KDOW'Iedge,
which will, wc doubt not, interest our
Mrs. Chcsnut was the daughter of Col.
John Cox, of the Quarter .Maxtiir's Department
in the llevolutionary Army, and of
Miss Hoes, (we arc not positive that we spell
it correctly,) of New Vorlt. ' For some years
previous in tlic IJevolut!'""), ^'ol. Cox was a
merchant residing in Philadelphia About
the time of the war, ho removed to a beautiful
country seat on tho Delaware, near Trenton,
called JBIoomsburv : but his health fnil.
ing, in 1700 ho returned to Philadelphia,
where lie died in 1003. lie was always esteemed
as a patriot and a man of integrity
and courage, he was a friend of General
Washington's, and in habit of frequent social
intercourse with him. Although for sixty-three
years a resident of South Carolina,
Mrs. Chesnut's early life was passed at her
father's oouiuiy scat of Blooinsbury; and it
was while residing thorc, that the incident
occurred to which we have before referred, of j
her being c-t those who welcomed General
Washington at Trenton bridge. Col. Cox's
removal to Philadelphia took place during
tho session of the first Congress? and Mrs.
Chcsnnt, then Miss Cox, was in the habit of
attending Mrs. Washington's drawing room
receptions, and always on those occasions having
a few words with General Washington
minseit. Mie speaks of having met him, for
the last time, at a complimentary ball given
him on his birth-day it 1700. It is a singular
ami touching coincidence, which has thus
made this venerable lady the connecting link
between the past and the present, and placed
her as one of that baud of patriotic women
who arc endeavoring to perpetuate the memory
of their country's father in tho. h^nrla nf
the Aracriean people, and one presiding over j
a Strte which in remarkable for the heroism j
of it? revolutionary women, who curried their j
patriotism ho far, tlrat when the British held j
possession of Charleston they clad themselves
in mpurnioog.?Mount Vernon RccOrd.
A flBlRirp's officer was sent to execute a writ
against a Quaker. On arriving at tho house ho
.- ?w the Quaker's wife, who, in reply to the inquiry
whether her hnxhnnri wns at home, an
nwered in the affirmative, fit tho same timo requesting
him to ho Rented, and her hnsband
would speedily soo him. Tho officer waited patiently
tor some time, hut tho fair Quakeress
coming into tho room, he reminded hor of her
promise, that ho should bco hor husband. " Nay.
friend, I promised that ho should seo thee. lie
has Been thoo. He did not liko thy looks, therefore
ho avoided thoe, and han left the house by
Tnfc most fascinating women are those that
can most enrich the everyday moments of existence.
In a particular Anil attaching sense, thoy
aro all those that can purtr.ko our pleasures and
i our pains in tho liveliest and most devoted manI
nor. Bniuty ii little without this. With itsho
j is, indeed, triumphant.
A Picture of Columbia.
In the Knickerbocker Magazine, for Oc- ,
tobcr we find tlie following pleasant sketch |
of our beautiful State Capital:
" The business of Columbia, aside from its
| retail trade, amounts to mere nothing. Co|
lunibia never will bo anything but a retail
place. Charleston is accessible to all the
I principal points in the State. Charleston is
the only comincrcinl city in South Carolina?
the only place that can command the trado
oi any extent ot country outside of its own I
vicinity. Columbia is, and always will bo, '
the political centre of the State. Hut the !
pride of Columbia is in its institutions of
learning, and in its splendid gardens.
"The great attraction of Columbia is its
numerous and magnificent gardens. It has
long borne the name of the 'Flower Garden
a t. - OI ? il 1 . * -
m inu nuuui : nnu tins name it is, without !
doubt, justly entitled to. The city is built !
011 the ' sprcad-cnglo' principle?the eovcridl-t.hc-ground-you-cnn-gct
principle : every
residence surrounded with a garden?a block,
or half block, fenced in with a brick wall,
or walled in with a board fence, about eight
feet high : the ground of which iaclosuro is
kept in a high state of cultivation, planted
with choice flu Wei's and shrubbery, and nil exquisitely
arranged. They arc truly delightful
I places, regular harcir.s, or would be, if in
" At the North, a garden is a place for
raising potatoes, cabbage, onions, and other
useful vegetables; but here it is a different
sort of a thing altogether. It is an inclosure,
as 1 have told you, varying in extent according
to the size of the man's pile; but generally
about a block or half-block, with a marble
house made out of wood, standing near
the middle, for the man to live in ; a glass
house, near one corner, for such delicate plants
ns arc not parti d to winter, to live in ; a great
| variety or liowers, and curious smelling weeds,
and strange bushesj and what ground is vacant,
laid off into fancy patlis and walks, with
the grass hoed out, which would be such nice
places for school-girls to hip-it-t-hop.
"Then there arc thick bunches of grapevines
running over racks laden with hanging
clusters of grapes, such as the spies got in < Janaan,
and iig-trces more than thirty-five feet
high, though history suys they only grew
twenty, loaded with ripened ligs, and plums,
and apricots, and pears, and peaches, and oranges,and
nectarines,ami potnegranats, temptingly
waiting for school boys to come around.
Then again, there is cedar of Lebanon, and
macnolia. and olive mul hmml nnrl
and faurestenius, and butloo, and abutclrn,
and Cbtrapia, and coton castor, and oleander,
and palmetto, locked in each other's embrace,
and gayly holding blossoms in their hands,
while, aloof from all, stands lone Acacia, weeping,
and creeping up among them is the cactus,
and the jasmine, and the passioir vino, and
the honeysuckle, and bignonia, and tli6 lata
nin, and the mystcria, and the plumbago, and
the ipon.asa, and the asclepias, unfolding their
rich-tinted and sweet-scented buds to entice,
while they stealthily entwine their long ten
* ? 1 1 %* -
uru-iingcrs arouna me arms iind bodies of the
(lowering trees, binding them into arbors that
exclude the rays of the sun and the gaze of
the world; where a poetic young man and n
romantic young woman nugbt repose on a
green mossy bank, beneath the luxuriance of
foliage, inhaling the perfume-sickened air that
swoons around them, and forgetting the world I
and themselves, fancy that they were in the
Garden of Eden, eating apples.
" The Gardenia is the most fragrant flower
known. Last week one of these lovely flowers
was given me by a little girl in the sli'cci,
whom I never saw before, and probably never
shall again j I put it in a glass of water, and
it now fills my room with exquisite perfume.
It is astonishing the amount of perfume one
of these little flowers can contain. The flower,
when full blown, is larger than the rose, is
perfectly white, nnd grows on a bush, with a
uiiiiv j;ni:n icui ) llie ICHI, 1)0111 01 tUO llOWCr
and the hush, is thick and tough, and does
not easily wilt; they arc poisonous, if eaten.
The most common way of propagating this
plant is by cutting n twig, with a flower in it,
| and putting the end of the twig in n bottle of
! water : in a week's tyno it will begin to send
j out roots, then it may be set in the ground,
| mid will continue to grow. There is a richness
| about the gardenia that would make it a favor,
itc if it were not a flowering shrub. Here,
j in the gardens, tho bush grows about six to
seven "feet high, and from fivo to eight feet
across; but in the low-lands, along the coast,
it may bo met with, in a round, oval hill,
thirty feet across, and in it? flowering magnificence,
every twig bearing a blossom in tho
course of the season. It blooms from April
! to September, and is an evergreon.
| "This shrub is a native ot South Carolina,
uiiu, uwuruiug 10 us cany nisiory, it was discovered
by a man by the name of Garden, and
hence its name. It prows spontaneously along
the coast, and on the capos of South Carolina,
Alabama, Florida, and on some of the islands.
" But the pomegranate is tho most beautiful
I of nil the flowering tuees, witn its long slender
j boughs aud crimson blossoms, like a flock of
! brilliant red-birds, nestling in the green, and
! gently swaying in the breczfl. There are four
j species of the pomegranate, the single and
! double-red. the vnriermtoft ?nil Mm
" In a tropicnl climate, the flowers hnvo a
! more delicatc tint, and a richer perfume than
| tliey do in a Northern climntc. A rose bv
i any other nnme niny smell ns sweet, hut it will
not be as sweet at the North an at the South.
The rosea arc now blooming a second timaj
and such rosos as they have here I never saw
North. There is more attention givon to the
culture of flowers in the Southorn States than
in tho Northern States?perhaps not more attention
given, but tho same Attention produces
nioro and finer flowers. Tho gardens are private
property, but they are open to visitors at
all hours of the tlnv, and open to students at
all hour's of the night.
" Thit*H a oity set upon a hill. A city upon
a hili, though hid?hid by its wealth uf
foliage ; yet a oity that may not be forgotten.
| Tt wtll linger in tlic memory, lasting as the
' principles of its people, bright as the eyes of
its fair daughters, graceful as the waving
boughs of its blossoming trees, delicate os the
shading of its tinted roses, and fragrant as the
(lowers whose perfumed breath loads the passing
breeze. Fair Columbia!?Floral Queen
of the South !?1 lift my hat to thee.
?T. II. XL"
Freaks or a Maniac.?About a year siuce.
a gentleman in Wisconsin bccaino insane, and
was sent to the liiinatic Asylum in '.bat State,
llo was a physician of Kupeiiot1 cultivation,
and of remarkably prepossessing appearar.ee,
about thirty years old. Some six weeks ago he
craped anil went to Chicago. There lie encountered
a friend who loaned him quite a sum
of money, having no suspicion of his insanity,
lie supplied himself with new and elegant clothing
and started fo. J<aporte, Indiana, where he
remained long enough to win the uflection8 of
.. mm wuamiv wiuow, ami \vns married
to her. During the brief courtship, lie exhibited
no indications of lunacy, but shortly after
his mariuge lie commenccd acting in a manner
which startled and shocked his wifo and her
friends. Among other fancies ho believed ho
-.van a sheep, and insisted upon crawling on his
hands and feet, bleating in the most absurd
manner, llo v.-ould then fancy himself a rattlesnake
and nr.ko frantic attempts to bite tho
members of his household. Tho unhappy lady,
at length worn out with watching him and endeavoring
to restore his reason, inado preparations
to send him to the Asylum at Indianapolis,
but bis insanity sharpened his wits and ho
llo then went to Syracuse, w here be actually
purchased a block of buildings. Tho papers
were made out, and lie was to call the next day
with the money, llo was t?? pay anoutragoous
sum for the property, and the parties with whom
he made the bargain chuckled vastly. But they
saw no more ol him. The lunsitio started westward.
At Buffalo lie bargained for an iinincnso
amount of corn, to he delivered in New York,
and then proceeded to Cleveland. There lie
endeavored to negotiate for sonic real estate, but
talked so absurdly that the parties with whom
lie had interviews rofused to treat with him.
McAnwhilo his friends, and particularly his
wife in Wisconsin, (for he has a wile and two
children in that State) were making every effort
to ascertain his whereabouts. They traced him
to Syracuse, and from there to Cleveland, but ho
had already gone from there, and was finally
captured at Adrian, Michigan.
When not in the rabid fits, few would discover
the unfortunate man's true condition, lie
would make many absurd propositions, and offer
exliorbitaut sums of money for property
that bit his fancy, but ho would do so in so candid
and captivating a manner, as to, in mo^t
cares, di^iirm su*pit>ion.
Thk First Hi.ood ov tiik Irrkfrssiblk
Conflict.?We publish else whore some particulars
of an affray at the Now York Hotel,
on Tuesday night, and which has created
considerable excitement among the floating
population of the metropolis, especially the
Southern gentlemen at present sojourning
with us. It appears that some ill feeling exists
between the officers of the Central Republican
Club (who have their rooms opposite
the New York llotel) and the proprietors of
the famous caravansary, who have refused to
permit a rope sustaining a Lincoln banner
to be attached to their property. Nevertheless,
the flag was raised and duly dedicated
on Tuesday night, under the auspices of the
Wide Awakes, who were received with hisses
and other marks of disapprobation by the
inhabitants of the hotel. Subsequently a
charge was made upon the crowd by the Wide
Awakes, and a small riot ensued, in which
several inoffensive persons were beaten with
lanterns and torches. When the police arrived,
they arrested, not the Wide Awakes,
who had committed the overt acts, but the
gcmiiuiuvu who ::uu neaten. One person
was taken into custody for avowing himself
to be n Boll-Everett man. lie was locked
up nil night, and in the morning brought before
the incorruptible Alderman Brady, who
mulcted the prisoner in five dollars tine.?
The whole affair is a most disgraceful one,
and will tend'to bring the Wide Awake organization
into disrepute. No matter what
might have been the provocation, these irresponsible
persons had no possible right to
commence an indiscriminate attack upon the
people in front of the hotel. It is for the
police, great numbers of whom are always
in the part, of Broadway where the affair occurred,
to preserve the peace. The Empire
<n..u ' ' i
ijiuu, in ns worst, nays, never was guilty of
such an act of rowdyism as that which the
Wide Awakes committed in front of the Now
York Hotel on Tuesday evening. If this organization
really interds to carry cut. by
forco of arms, Senator Seward's idea of the
" irrepressible conflict," we may as well know
it at once. In such cases, to be forewarned
is to bo forearmed.?.Y. 1'. Ifcrahl.
Muskets Von tub South.?The Washington
correspondent of the New York World,
in his dispatch to that paper on Wednesday,
saya that the Government has ordered 17,000
stands of arms to PJit Moultrie, South Caro- j
linn, lie says that as there is not more than
three hundred men needed to garrison the defences
of South Carolina, the order is viewed
with no little suspicion by the cool-headed at
Wcshington and elsewhere.
If the report be true, we suppose thov urn
at a loss to know what use is to bo made of
those puns, whether they nro to bo put into
tho hands of the secessionists or uscn agaii.st
1 them should occasion roriuire. We presume
thcy avc sent to the TTnitcd States Arsenal,
and perhaps arc the quota that belongs to this
State. Time will show?Guardian.
A youno ensign of a regiment, residing
in lodgings, the sitting-room of which was very
small, wns viaitcd by one of bis fasftionablo
fli<r?i<ls. who. Oil tnkini* !??? ?
, . _ oaiu,
" Wall, Oharlod, and bow much longer do you
mean to Htop in thin nutshell ?" To whioh
he wittily replied, " Until I become n kernel."
I'okts mnko a book of nntu.o, wherein
they read Ickrouh unknown to other minds,
even afl astronomers make a book of tha
hoavens, and read therein the inyvuuuutB of