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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, July 27, 1861, Image 1

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iummMmnmt?i?fm*?m)?mm i m j '-_ ^ M I I - - rn Milli II I I I I i i n II irn?ri?. m.mi mniii
NO. 5&
Never Despair. 1 .,:
over despair 1 when die dark cloud is dowling,
Thc Run, tliougli obscured, never couses lo sliincp
Above tlie black tempest his radiance ia pouring,
While faithless and faint-hearted merilla repine.
|The journey ol'lite lins iii; lighes mid ita shadows,
I And Heaven, inila wisdom, to each senda a
v Hlinro ;
'hough rough bo tho road, yet with reason to
guide us
,\nd courage lo coiuiu?,i;,tw.e'll never despair !
7*-" ' "
Xever despair ! when willi troubles contending.
Make labor and patience a sword and a shield,
? And win brighter laurels, with courage unbending,
As gay aa thc lark in thc bonn, ot' thc morning,
Whoa young hearts spring upward to do and to
Tho bright, star of promise, their blt uro adoring,
Will light then doug, and they'll never despair.!
"'ho oak in tho tempest grows strong by resist anco,
Tho aria at tho anvil gains muscular power,
t And timi self-reliance, that seeks no assistance,
Goes onward, rejoicing, through sunshine and
shower ;
For lifo Is a warcfiire, to try and to prove us,
And truo hearts grow stronger by labor and caro,
While Hope, like a scrraph, still whispers above na,
Look upward and onward, mid never despair!
F- - tr, -iv
The Pic Nie at Piokensvillo on the 4th.
Afr. Editor : I promised rt friend of yours
to proparo for publication in your paper un uc
couutof tho Pic Nie nt Piokensvillo, on the
?th instant. I have boon unavoidably pre
vented frv.m doing so at an cartier day, and
I would not now, at this late day, attempt to
do so, but for tho reason that it is oxpected
of me, and for thc further reason that I
think thc Kl occasion " deserving of a passing
notice ut least.
And thc lirst scene in thc drama which I
shall skctoh, was thc ycry large and respecta
ble cotieourso of people who woio then and
there present, consisting of mon and boys,
matrons and maidens, babies and nurses,
"sambo's" and ''dina's;" and as you know
, Mr. Editor, that there has long ago ceased to
Ibo such a thing as " boys " and " girls," I
H can say that " Young America" was out in
fidl force. And sir, L can assure you that it
.seldom been my lot to witness so largo a
heterogeneous collection of people, and yet so
orderly and decorous, livery body seemed
woll pleased with liiiiiso.lt* and his neighbor,
iim*r"'wrtlh'--'wie'TTi,itltiig oxeeptiou, no kind of
disturbaneo occurred.
rAs you nrc aware, there is in existence a
company known as thc " .Silver ti rays," who
have been organized for tue purpose of home
protection, and who drill at Piekciisvilli. lt
was this Company who set on foot tho Pic Nie,
ami a committee of said company was appoint
ed, charged with milking all thc necessary ar
rangements. And hero let me say that I do
/ ot now know, if I ever did, who composed
/mat committee, but one thing I do know, that
no similar committee over discharged its duties
aiorc faithfully, and so largely to tho satisfac
tion of every one interested.
(len. NV, IC. Kusloy and Col. Z. C. Pulliam
ul been invited to address the people, but
wing to tho severe indisposition of thc lirst,
ad thc absence from tho District of the lat
far, they wore, not in attendance. Dut thanks
lo thc presence of Dr. ll. li. Crook and Cul,
t*\V. II. Campbell, bf Creen ville, wc were hot
Aitliout some excellent speaking.
About twelve o'clock the people were seen
wending their way to tho stand prepared for
thc speakers; and soon thc Silver (?rays,
preceded by thc Saluda Hand, whose line lilll
ie added iii itch io the eclat of thc day, marched
up., escorting the speakers to the stand, and
liter order had been restored, tho Hov. John
Vriail, President of tho day, arose and an
lounced the further orders of thc day, and re
picstcd Mr. John lt, tJossctt to act as Secre
tary, and extended an invitation to various
^clergymen in the assemblage to come forward
and take seats upon thc stand. The Rev. II.
T. Arnold was then requested to offer up a
prayer, which bc did in a fooling and impres
sive style; after which, Dr. Crook was intro
duced to tho assemblage. I will not do Dr.
Crook the very great injustice of attempting
0 give so much as a slight sketch of his ad
dress, and will only say that it was delivered
in. his happiest style ; that it was suited to thc
day and tho times, and that it was .weil re
ceived by tho people. After Dr. Crook had
Concluded his interesting address, Col. Ciunp
oll was introduced, who gavo us a most ox
llont, short and impromptu speech. He
toted ho had not come prepared to make a
peech, but that his business was more to act
lum to speak, and that bc was ongaged in
aising a company of volunteers to proceed to
tho scat of war to assist in repelling from our
'soil tho Vandals and Cloths of tho North.
What success he met with I am unable to say.
1 also observed that ober gontlomcn wcro also
engaged in tho same, laudable and patriotic
And now, Mr. Editor, thc speaking over,
Olid dinner being announced, 1 hog that you
bo quiet until I go and tako dinner, and when
I return ? will givoyou tho " bill of faro."
Woll, Mr. Editor, 1 havo just partaken of
" thc most sumptuous and palctablo din
has ovor been toy good fortuno to par
. J?aud as I promised you a " bill of fare,"
?\\ ?otnmcnco by saying that thero was tho
/catcal" profusion of mutton and beef, pork
k\d \wfib onu,k?u nm* turkey, pies and tarts,
ft\*Uc8'a?i^ puddings, and bread m abitndanco,
C\\d thcfi it wa? served in a stylo suoh as our
* wo iwajvon? aim maids alono know how to do.
SjSBrrprucecdings id' th; t day, to which
JFospuoial attention of tho people. It
tor ni willoh I am sure ovory man who
.lit? country, and is willing to do some
?{ for hor in her prawnt imperiled condi
sliould fool hinisoli vitally interested, and
ng confident that all know thoir duty, and
willing and determined to disohargc it, 1
will not insult their patriotism by making a
long appeal to our people.
After tho dinner was through with, a good
ly number of our best citizens met at tho
stand, when Wm. Hunter, Hsip, offered thc
following preamble ami resolutions, which
were passed unanimously :
Wlt wtKAS, lt is a sacred duty, and one in
cumbent alike upon all, to sec it, that thc
families of our absent volunteers aro cared for,
while their protcotors and supporters arc baro
ing their breasts to the foe, and risking lifo it
self in dofouoo of our property, our homes and
our vory liberties. Therefore, be it resolved,
1st. That it is thc duty of this Battalion to
provide well for tho families of those volun
teers of this Battalion that need our assistance.
2nd. That wc pay ten p'cr cent, on our lust
Tax Bcccipts semi-annually for thc above
8rd. That there bo appointed two oollcctors
for each Boat Company, whoso business will
bc to collect tho tax for thc above purpose
from every one.
4th. That thc eight collectors shall bc bound
to pay out tho funds so collected to thc fami
lies needing assistance according to their wants.
In aceordoncc with thc ?ld resolution, tho
following gentlemen were appointed in their
respective Boat Companies to collect tho taxes:
Georges Creek Heat-B. K. Holcombe,
John lt. Gossctt.
Kirns Creek Beat-John Ariail, "William
Jfamilton's Beat-T. II. Beggs, Wm. T.
Wildling Beat-(Jen. F. X. Garvin, New
ton Arnold.
Thus passed away thc 4th at Picketts
villc, as seen and enjoyed by the
Farewell Address to the Volunteers of Pick
ens District.
Time in its onward course at last brought
the, hour for our beloved Volunteers to leave
their homes and all their loved associations,
and bid " farewell " to all that was dear to
them, save their country and their God.
Fond naturi*, could not but weep when the
strong ties of love and friendship must be bro
ken, (perhaps forever hero,) bo*, it was with
triumphant pride that 1 beheld tho departure
of tho cars from our mountain District, so
heavily laden with such a noble band of brave
soldiers, with hearts beating so high with thc
love of their country as to enable them to sur
mount all difficulties, and move off waving
their handkerchiefs to those left behind, assu
ring us that thc triumphant thought that
reigned in each bosom was, that they were
cheerfully going to do their duty to save but
beloved country from degradation and ruin.
We felt assured that wc \vor" bidding farewell
to tho pride of our country, and many of tilt
brightest ornaments of society, as each out
occupies their respective places in their nativi
District. But when our country calls for hm
heroes to defend her sacred rights, we mus!
noi say sta}', for 't must he saved, and thc oui)
alternative seems to bo a resort to arms, (hu
bravo soldiers have tillered their lives a williup
sacrifice for our oountry's defetiee, and de
serve and should have our warmest feeling;
of gratitude, and best wishes for their welfare
While wo gladly bid you go, since youl
country calls for you. do not forget tho bott nd
less anxiety of your friends here for your wed
fare. Ami while, marching under tho st milan
of our cottntry, bo assured that tho prayers o
the'' Loved ones at Hollie" will daily ascent
lo tho throne of Him who holds the destin i Ci
nf men and nations ill His hands, to Wittel
over you with a father's love and care; t<
shield you from thc poisonous weapons of tin
enemy on tho hattie field tho shares of toihp
tatton and the. ravages of disease incident lt
camp-life ; and that we may all live to grce
you on Carolina's beloved soil, when victoV
shall have been won, with unbroken ranks
Hut if it must be the decree of an Allwis
Creator that some of you must, lay down you
precious lives at Glory's feet-yes, after yoi
shall have.fought thc last earthly battle to b
fought, may your eternal spirits bc escortei
by angel hands to the celestial city of eterna
joys, to'woar un unfading crown of i m mort?
glory through thc oensoless ages of eternity
I nvoking.divinc aid to over rule all our action
and destinies, ? bid you all "farewell."
Fathers, husbands, brothers, all
You who heed your oountry's call,
Since willi it you cannot dwell,
Wo will bid you all Farewell."
Sinco thou art gone, and wo aro here,
Wo'll twine a wreath of Howers raro,
From memory's richly laden bower,
Of happier days and happier hours.
Tho sacrifices you have made,
lu l?nic may never bo repaid,
Hut when in Heaven you shall dwell
Wo know willi you "nil will be well."
A brighter crown slioll deck thy-bro .'
When thou willi angel bands shall bow
Around tho throne of Him who dwells
Whore none will cvor say " Farewell."
M. S. D.
W.Mis.vw. Piokcns District. July lt?, 180L
Cor,. HAMPTON.-Thc Bicliinond Di
patch ot Monday pays tho subjoined conipl
mont to tho coinuiandrr of tho Legion whit
boars his name Wo did not know that 1
had a library nt Grcon\illo CIL Hisp?
vato library, nt his residence near this city,
tho ono probably alluded to by tho Dispute)
"Cor.. W*AI?R HAMPTON.-This gontl
man, who commands tho splendid South Cn
olino Logion encamped near this city, is tl
possessor of a priuooly fortune, and has bot
for many years prominent in the political fl
fairs of Iiis State. His library at Oreen viii
S. C., contain? ton or twelve thousaud \
l?mes, including about fifteen hundred <
Auioiiuau history. Tho library fills two lar
rooms, and oost, probably, twenty thousai
THE Southornors have scoured thc cargo
A'Vessel wrecked on tho North Carolina coa
Tho cargo consists of 44.0Q bags of coffee.
RICHMOND, July 20.-Tlio following is
tho Message of tho President to (ho Congress
of tho Confederate States of America.
Gentlemen : My Message, addressed to you
ut tho commencement of the session, contain
ed such full information of thc state of thc
Confederacy ns to render it necessary that I '
should now do more than call your attention
tu such important, facts as have occurred du
ring thc recess, and to matters connected with
public defence.
1 have again to congratulate you on thc ac
cession of new members to our Confederation
of free and equal sovereign States. Our
loved and honored brethren of North Carob- l
lia and Tennessee have consumatcd the ac- j
thin foreseen and provided for at your last
session, and I have had thc gratification of j
announcing, by proclamation, in conformity !
with law, that those States were admitted into
tho Confederacy. Thc people of Virginia
also, by a majority previously unknown in her i
history, have ratified tho action of her Con- j
vontion, uniting her fortunes with ours - I
Thc States of Arkansas, North Carolina and |
Virginia havo likewise adopted tho Perma
nent Constitution of the Confederate States,
and no doubt is entertained of its adoption by
Tennessee at thc election to be held early
next month. 1 deemed it advisable to direct
thc reaiovul of thc several Executive Depart
ments, with their archives, to this city, lo
which you had removed thc scat of Govern
Immediately after your adjournment, the
aggressive movements of the enemy required
prompt and energetic action. Tho accumu
lation of his forces on thc Potomac sufficiently
demonstrated that his efforts .vere to be di
rected against Virginia, and from no point
could the necessary measures for her defence
and protection be so efficiently directed os
from her own Capitol. The rapid progress Of
events for the last, few weeks has fully sufficed
to strip thc veil from behind which the true
policy and purposscs of thc Government ol'
the United States had been previously con
cealed-their odious features now stand fully
revealed. Tho message of their President,
and the action of their Congress during the
present month, confess thc intention of sub
jugating these Stales by a war whoso foll)- is
equaled only by its wickedness-a war by
which it is impossible to attain tho proposed
result ; whilst its dire, calli ll) i ties are not lo be
avoided by us, will fall with double severity
on themselves. Commencing, in March lad,
with the affectation of ignoring the secession
of the seven States which first organized thc
! Government j persisting, in April, in tho idle
and nbsurcd assumption of thc existence of ?>
riot, which was to be dispersed by a posse co
mint/its, and containing in successive months
thc fabe representation that these States in
tended offensive war, iu spite of the conclusive
evidence to the contrary furnished as well by
official action as by the very basis on which
this Government is constituted, the President
of the United Stales ami his advisers succeed
ed in deceiving thc people of those States
into the belief that the purpose of this Gov
ernment was, not peace at home, but conquest
abroad; not thc defence of its own liberties,
but tho subversion of those (d' tho people of
the United States. Tho ?cries of manoeuvres
by which this impression was created, and tho,
art with which they were devised, and the per
fidy with which they were executed, were al
ready known to you, but you could scarcely
have supposed that they would bc openly
avowed, and their success made the subject of
boast and self-laudation in Executive message.
Fortunately for the truth of history, wherever
thc President of tho United States details I
with minuteness thc attempt to reinforce I
Port Sumter, in violation of ntl armistice
of which ho confesses to have been informed,
but only by rumors too vague sind uncertain
to fix attention, tho hostile expedition .des
patched to supply Kot't Sumter is admitted to
liave been undertaken with the knowledge
that its success was impossible. Thc sending
of a notice to thc Government of South Caro
lina of his intention to usc force to accomplisd
bis object, and then quoting from his inaugur
al address thc assurance that there could bc no
conflict unless these States were aggressive,
and wo were tho aggressors ; ho proceeds tq
declare that his conduct, as just related by
himself, was thc per lb rina ncc of this promise,
so free from thc power of ingenious sophistry,
as that thc world should not bo able to misun
derstand it, and in defiance of bis own state
ment that bc gave notice of thc approach of
the hostile'flect, be charges these States with
becoming thc assailants of thc United States,
without a gun in sight or in expectancy to re
turn their fire, save only the few in the Fort,
lie is, indeed, fully justified in saying that
tho caso is so free from thc power of ingenious
sophistry that thc world will not bo ablo to
misunderstand it, under thc cover of this un
founded pretence t/i,it tho Confederate States
aro tho assailants. Tho high functionary,
after expressing his concern that sonic foreign
nations had so shaped their notion as if they
supposed tho early destruction of our national
Union was probable, abandons nil further
disguieo and proposes to make this contest n
short mid decisive one, by plactng at thc con
trol of the Government for the work at least
.100,000 men and ?-100,000,000. Thc Con
gress concurring in tho doubt thus intiinntcd
as to thc sufficiency of tho forco douiandcd,
has increased it to haifa million men. This
enormous preparations in men and money for
tho conduct of tho war on a scale moro gigan
tic than any which tho Now World ever wit
nessed, is a distinct avowal in tho eyes of
civilized men that tho United States aro en
gaged in a conflict with a gmt and pow
erful nation ; that they aro nt last, com
pelled to abandon tho pretence of being
engaged in dispersing rioters and suppressing
insurrections, and aro driven to tho acknow
ledgment that tho ancient. Union has been
dissolved j they recognize Ibo separate exit*.
tonco of these Confeder?te Hintes, by interdic
tion, embargo, and the blockade bf ?di coin
ineree between them and tho IJuitsd ?States,
not only by sea, but by land-not only ships,
but in cars-not only with those who bear
arms, but willi tho cutho population of the
Confed?rale States. Finally, they have re
pudiated tim foolish conceit that the inhabi
tants of this Confederacy arc still citizens of
the United Slates, for they aro waging an in
discriminate war upon them all, with a savage
ferocity unknown to modern civilization, lu
this war, rapine is the rule, and private resi
dences, in peaceful rural retreats, are bombar
ded and burnt ; grain crops in the held arc
consumed by the torch, and when the torch is
not convenient, careful labor is bestowed to
render complete thc destruction of every arti
j eic of uso or ornament remaining in private
dwellings after their inhabitants liaV0fled from
thc outrages of the brutal soldiery. Ju 1781,
Croat Britain, when invading her revolted
Colonies, took possession of every district of
the country near Fort ess Monroe, now occu
pied by thc troops of the United States, and
tho houses then inhabited by tho people, after
being respected and protected by avowed in
vaders, aro now pillaged and destroyed by
men who pretend that tho victims are their
fellow-citizens. Mankind will shudder to hear
thc tales of outrages committed on defence
less females by the soldiers of the United
States, now invading our homes; yet these
outrages are prompted hy inflamed passions
and madness of intoxication j but who shall
depi?t tllO horror with which they regard the
cool and deliberate malignity with which, un
der tho pretext ofsupprcssingiiisurrectioii,said,
by themselves, to be upheld by a minority only
of bur people, make especial war on the sick,
including wemen and children, and, by care
fully devised measures, prevent their obtaining
the medicines necessary for their cure. The
sacred claims of immunity, respected even
during the fury of actual battle, by a care
ful diversion of attack from the hospitals
containing wounded enemies, are outraged in
cold blood hy a Government and people that
pretend to desire a continuance of fraternal
connections. ' All these outrages must remain
unavenged, stive hy thc universal reprobation
of mankind, ni all cases where tin; actual per
petrators of tlc wrongs escape capture. They
admit of no retaliation ; thc humanity of om
people would shrink instinctively from thc
liare idea of waging a like war upon thc sick,
thc women ndd the children of an enemy ; bul
there are other savage practices which have
been " resorted toby thc Government of the
United States, which do admit eif repression
by retaliation. I have been grieved at thc
necessity of enforcing this impression. Thc
prisoners of war taken by the enemy on board
the armed schooner Savannah, sailing undci
our commission, were, ns I was credibly ad
vised, treated like common felons, putin irons,
confined in a jail usually appropriated to crim
inals of thc worst dye, and threatened willi
punishment as such. I had made application
for an exchange of these prisoners lo tho com
manding officer of tho enemies squadron oil
('harlest.m, but that ollicer had already sent
the prisoners to New York when thc applica
tion was made I, therefore, deemed it mj
duty to renew thc proposal for au exchange
to thc con dilntiomd Uoinmnndor-in-ohiol ol
thc Army n;ul Navy of tho United States, the
only ollicer having control of the prisoners -
In making the proposal, 1 in for In cd Prcrddenl
Lincoln of my resolute purpose to check al
barbarities oh prisoners of war by such severi
ty and retaliation on prisoner's held by us a?
should sc ure tho abandonment of tho practice
This communication was received and reae
by tho officer in command of thc United State:
Anny, and a message was brought from Iiiu
hy the. hearer of my communication, to th
effect that a reply would be returned by 1'rcs
ielcut Lincoln as soon as possible. 1 earnesth
hope that this promised reply, which har. no
yet been received, will convey thc nssurailC
that prisoners of war will be treated, in til i
unhappy contest, with that regard to hutmill
Hy which luis been so conspicuous in ninden
warfare As a measure of precaution, how
ever, and until the promised reply is received
I still retain in close custody thc men atv
officers captured from the enemy, whom it Inn
been my pleasure previously to enlarge on pu
role, and whose fate must necessarily depon
on that of the prisoners held by the enemy,
eppeml a copy of my communication to th
President and Commander-in-chief of the Ai
my and Navy of tho United States, and of th
United States, and of the report of the oilier
charged to deliver it, marked Docunil nt
There arc some other passages in tho r<
mnrknble paper to which 1 have directed yoi
attention, having reference to the peculiar r<
lations which exist between this Governinei
and the Stiltos usually termed Ponier Shu
elates, which cannot properly be withhel
from mit ice The hearts of our people ni
animated by sentiments towards tho ijihnhi
nuts of those State's which found oxprossic
in your enactment refusing to consider the
cueillies, or to authorize hostilities ag.-iu
them. That a very largo portion of thc pe
plo of these States regard usos brethren ; th
if Unrestrained by the actual presence of jarj
annies, thc Submersion of civil authority, ai
tho declaration of marti.il law, some of thei
at least, would joyfully unite with us; th
they arc, with al most entire unanimity, o
posed to thc prosecution of tho war wagi
against us--aro facts, of which daily occu
ring ovoids fully warrant tho assertion.
Tho present United States Government i
fuses lo recognize in thee, our late sist
States, tho right of refraining from an alta
on us, and justifies his refusal by the assorti'
that tho State", havo no other power than tli
reserved to them by tho Union and tho Cons
tution, no ono of thom having ever beer
State out of tho Union. This view of t
j Constitutional relations lends us to consul
. another assertion of tho message j that t
lOxoeutivc pos.scNsen thu power of suspend?
I tho writ of kt?tiCu* corpus, and of del Ogs ti
that power to military commanders nt his tl
I cretion, nuil both those proposition? claim a
! respect equal to that which is felt lor thc ad- '*
i ditional statement of opinion in the same pa
I per, that it is proper, in order to execute thc i
! laws, that some single law, made in such cx
j tremo tenderness of thc citizen's liberty that
j practically it relieves more of tho guilty than
, the innocent, should, to a very limited extent,
j bc violated. "Wc may well rejoice that wc
havo forever severed our connection with a
I Government that thus tramples on all tho
? principles of Constitutional liberty, and with
a people in whose presence such avowals could
be hazarded.
The operations in thc field will be greatly
! extended, by reason of tho policy which was
j heretofore secretly entertained, but is now
I avowed and acted on, by the United States.
' Tho forces hitherto raised proved ample for
. the defence of thc seven States which origin
j idly organized thc Confederacy, as is evinced
j by the fact that, with the exception of three
j fort ?lied islands, whoso defence is efficiently
j aided by a preponderating naval force, tho
j enemy has been driven completely out of those
. States, and now, at tho expiration of, live
I months from thc formation of thc Govern
ment, not a single hostile foot presses their
I soil.
These forces, however, must necessarily
i prove inadequate to repel invasion by half a
j million of men now proposed by the enemy,
: and a corresponding increase of our force will
. become necessary. Thc recommendation for
the raising of an efficient equipment for this
? force will bo contained in a communication
; from the Secretary of War, to which 1 need
scarcely invite your earnest attention.
In my message delivered in April last, I
referred lo thc promise of abundant crops with
which we are cheered. Thc grain crops gen
erally have since been harvested, and ibo yield
proved to he thc most abundant known in our
history. Many believe that thc supply will
be adequate to two years' consumption of our
population. Cotton, sugaf and tobacco, form
j ing tho surplus production of our agriculture,
j and furnishing tho basis of our commercial in
terchanges, present thc most cheering prom
ise, and a kind Providence has smiled on the
labor which extracts thc teeming wealth of
our soil in all portions of our Confederacy, lt
is the more gratifying to be able to give you
this information, because of the need of largo
and increased expenditures in the supply of
our army.
Elovalcd and purified by the sacred cause
which they maintain, our fellow-citizens, of
every condition of life, exhibit tho most self
sacrificing devotion. They manifest a lauda
ble prido in upholding their independence,
unaided by any resources other than their own,
and the immense wealth whioh a fertile soil
and genial climate have accumulated in this
Confederacy of agriculturists, could not bc
moro strikingly displayed than in thc large
revenue which, with cager zeal, they have
contributed at thc call of their country. In
thc singlo article of cotton, tho subscriptions
j to the loan proposed by the Governinrnt can
not fall short of fifty millions of dollars, and
will probably largely exceed that sum ; and
scarcely an article required for thc consump
tion of our armies has been provided otherwise
than by the subscriptions to thc produce loan
so happily devised hy your wisdom.
The Secretary of the Treasury, in bis report
submitted to you, will give you thc amplest
details in connection with that branch of thc
public service. Put it is not alone in their
prompt pecuniary contributions that tho noble
race of freemen who inhabit these States
evince how worthy they are of those liberties
which they so well know how to defend. In
numbers far exceeding those authorized by
your law.:, they have pressed thc teador of
j their services against tho enemy, Their atti
tude of calm and sublime devotion to their
country-the cool and confident courage with
which they are already preparing to meet tho
threatened invasion in whatever proportions
it may assume-thc assurance that their sao
riccs and their services will be renewed from
year to year with unfaltering purpose, until j
! they havo made good to thc uttermost their
j right to self-government-the generous and
i almost unquestioning confidence whioh they
I display in their Government during thc pend
ing struggle-all combine to present a spec
tacle such as thc world has rarely if ever seen.
To sp' ak of subjugating such a people, so uni
ted and determined, ih to speak a language
incomprehensible to them. To resist an at
tack on their rights and liberties is with them
r.n instinct.
Whether this war shall last one, or three
or five years, is a problem thoj' leavo to bo
solved by the enemy alone. It will last until
the enemy shall have withdrawn from their
borders, till their political rights, their altars
and their houses arc freed from invasion.
Thon and then only will they rest from this
struggle, and enjoy in peace tho blessings
which, with tho favor of Providonco, they
have secured by thc aid of their own strong
hearts and sturdy arina
Telegraphic News from all Quarters
MANASSAS, July IS.-Tho Lincolnites,40.?
000 st rong, made nu attack upon thc Confeder
ate forces at Fairfax, C. H., this morning,
7,000 strong, under Biigndier-Gonornl Bon
ham. After lighting four hom's, our troops
fell back on Bull Hun, thc entrenched camp
of Gen. Beauregard. As our troops arc strong
ly posted, no doubt is entertained that they
will repulse thc fedcr.il enemy.
RICHMOND, July ll).-(Jen. Beauregard
commanded in person nt thc engagement nt
Bull's Bun, throe milos northwest of Mnnas
sas Junction. Tho battle lasted nllday, nnd
tho federal forces rotrcatcd about dark, in
groat confusion. No particulars ns to thc
loss on either sido have boen received. It is
supposcu that McDowell was the federal com
mander. Thc enemy on tho field was intima
ted ut 40,000. Tiio battlo-?old extended
( ono milo.
Tho New Orleans Washington Artillery
?nd groat execution, nnd highly distinguished
RICHMOND, July 10.-The official account
of thc Battle of Bull's Hun, near Mnnnssas,
was received at thc War Department ct noon
to day. The Confederate loss was 00 kiltefi1
and wounded, and thc enemy's loss over GOO.
There was no appearance of thc federal troops
this morning. All was quiet tn thc Confed
erate camp.
RICH MOND, July 19.-Passengers from
Mnnnssas report the Confederate loss at thc bat
tle of Hull's Run at 142 in killed, wounded and
missing j nnd thc federal loss at 98G left dead
upon tho field. About thirty wounded were
brought hore by thc cars to-night, and ono
dead body. Tho federalists sent a Hag of
truce this morning asking an armistice to'
bury their dead, which was granted.
RICHMOND, July 19.-Thc Secretary of
War and adjutcnt general informs mo that''
they have no particulars as to tho Confeder
ate loss, nor the nomesof those killed and woun
ded on yesterday ut thc battle on Hulls Run
creek, near Manassas. Private reports, so
fur, refer only to small losses in the Virginia
regiments-loss of Confederates vastly dis
proportionated to thc supposed loss on the'
federal side. I will send thc details as soon
as received. The Secretary of War says that
no particulars of thc engagement nt Rich1
Mountain, or Garnett's conflict, have yet been
RICHMOND, July 18.-Apparently rcliablo-'
advices from Fairfax say that thc federals'
advanced this morning with 10,000 men, and
after four hours, fighting the federalists wore
repulsed by 7,000 Confederates undor Brig.
Cen. Bonham, with ?inmenso slaughter-th efe
federalits retreating upon Alexandria.
GKKMANTOWN, July 18.-Taylor's divi
sion moved early on Wednesday morning -
Thc Southerners fell back towards Centre
At 1.30 p. m. McDowell and staff arrived.
Four divisions will move towards thc Junc
tion on Thursday.
WASHINGTON, July 19.-Nothing relia
ble or official was received from Fairfax up
to noon to-day. The courier ftom McDowell's
headquarters reports that the army marched
early this morning for Centreville. McDowell
said last night that bc believed tho rebels
would fii/ht there. It is reported that John
ston is" ..deavoring to form a junction with
Beauregard. Scouts reports 30,000 to 40,000
troops nt Centreville and Manassas.
Thc New York Commercial says thc rti
Dooved engagement at CVnt ai ?Ho ia uncoil
FORTRESS MONROE) July 19.-Steamers
from Norfolk were seen landing nt ScwclPs
Point, whore, apparently, a formidablo forco'
is concentrated. Preaperations aro being
made to annoy thc federal shipping. Thcro
[ire, doubtless, washed batteries at Willough
by's Point and opposite the Rip Raps. Two
blacks from Pig's Poiuts report tho South
crnors iu full force opposite Newport News.
WASHINGTON, July 19.-The bill to mod
ify the tariff met with au unexpected opposi
tion in the House.
In thc Senate, thc military bill was passed.
In the House Senate's amendment to thc nay
ry bill was concured in.
Thc action of the House in regard to May's
tendering his expulsion on account of his
visit to Richmond was tabled.
Thc Househill remitting fines where ships
ire unable to get proper papers passed.
The bill for forwarding soldeirs' letters
without additional charge passed.
A bill to pay thc volunteers from thc time'
they rendezvoused passed tho Sonato.
Mr. Forney called tho Senato to order,
mnouncing that Mr. Hamlin would be "ab
sent thc rest of thc session.
A bill creating an Assistant Secretary of
bbc Navy passed.
Also, a bill for thc better organization ofi
the marine corp3.
BUNKER HILL, July 19.-Instead of go
ing to Winchester, as was supposed, Patter
son moved upon Charlestown, 12 miles from
Harper's Korry. Winchester cannot bo at
tacked from thc North without great loss of
WASHINGTON, July 19.-Thc Confeder
ates have fallen back from Centreville.-1
Minor fights arc reported at Bull's Run,
where several Confederates wero killed.
The New York Tribune says tho cngogo
mciit at Bull's creek six miles from Manas
sus, lasted half un hour; but the Southerners
aro too well pasted. Three masked batteries
were opened ot intervals. Our mon retreat
ed. IlonVy firing was heard as our correspon
dent left thc Geld.
BUNK KU HILL, Va., July 18.--Patterson
was moving on Winchester on Tuesday. Ho
would reaoi. thcro on Tuesday night: Hi?
forco is 21,OOO. It is auppbsod Johnston
will skirmish heavily, but avoid a p?tc'hct?
RICHMOND, July 18.-W. E.. Starke, oid
to OOH. Garnott, and who was with him when.;!
ho fell, says that in thc fight Garnett lost 20?
killed, and four Georgia companies havo 2,00i
men missing. It is believed they woro 8uf^-'
rounded and taken prisoneta. Ile says tho'
force retroatcd in good order, and will reach
Monterey to-morrow night.
In thc fight with Pegram 40 Omfcdorotes
wcro killed and 600 taken prisoners. Pe
gram was among tho latter.
ALTO*, III., July 10.-A brigade, willi,
ono compnny'of artillery and two of oavalry,
lenvo for Northorn Missouri.
ST. LOUIS, July 18.-Tho Missourians*
under Gen. Mngoflin, attacked tho federalists
betweon Sodnlia and Gcorgctwon, killing:
seven nnd losing 8. Magoffin was 700 strong,
Rooriistcin announces that ho will ndmiuis-.
ter no moro oaths of .allegiance, but will keep
nil suspcotcd prisoners confined.
BUIU.TNOTON, IOWA, July 19.- -Thrca
hundred Oonfodorato oavolry havo Invaded
Appnncao county, causing great terror in th?r
adjoining counties.
. -.-' --*-*^^,,-~
F.0ONO.M .itself a groat income;

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