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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, October 28, 1865, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026912/1865-10-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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iummMmnmt i fm* m) mm i m j '-_ ^ M I I - - rn Milli II I I I I i i n II irn ri . m.mi mniii
NO. 5&
If fortuno, with a smiling fu ce,
Strew roses on our way,
When shall we stop to pick them up?
v . -day, my love, to-day.
But should she frown with face of care,
And talk of coming sorrow,
When shall we grlevo, if grieve we must ?
. To-morrow, love? to-morrow.
4 If.thoso who've wronged us own their faults,
Ami kindly pity pray,
"When shall we listen and forgive ? ?
To-day, my love, to-day.
But if stern judgmont urgo rebuke,
'V ' And warmth from memory borrow,
. Whonshall wo chide, if el?do wo dare?
To-morrow, Ioyo, to-morrow.
Tf those to whom we owe a debt,
Arc% harmed- unless wo pay,
When shall we struggle to be just?
V ' To-day, my love, to-day.
But if our debtor fail our hopo,
" And plead his ruin thorough,
When ehall wo' weigh his breach of faith ?
To-morrow, lovo, to-morrow.
If love estranged, should once, agaiif
His genial smile display,
Wl^n shall wo kiss' tho prot?cre J lips ?
., To-day, my love, to-day.
But if we should indulge"regret,'
. Or dwoll with by-gone sorrow,
When shall we weep, if weep wc must?
To-morrow, lovo, to-morrow. ?
t For virtuous aots-and harmless joys, \
.When minutes will not stay,
Wo'vo always time to Welcome them,.
Bjit caro, resentment, angry words,
, And unavailing sorrow, ?
Como far toe 30011 if they appear,
To-morrow, love,-to-morrow. '
pn?it-? ^.????^.^?n.
'7" v"~X ^ ? .
The Colored Population
The colored population is now one of the
great onigiuas; that the white people of the
State have to unriddle. AVhat their status is
lieroafter to be, &o., arc iudocd matters which
affect not only tlio domestic but the political
future of the comiftiVtiwealth. x
Tfie opinion prevails to a very great extent
that the negroes will not work ; that: since
thoy havo been made free and no compulsion
is hangiug over thoin, they will not prepare
in?umnier foi* the cold blasts of winter, ami
Hhat they will be obliged to become public
?nanties,'and thus be an immense incubus to
the industrial resources of the community, or
will steal i a order to keep froih'starving. A
?ujRciont elapse of timo has not occurred since
they Have been liberated to llave?this tested.
fTho negroes us a class have uo great disposi
tion to labor, for so it has provod whil?t thoy
were slaves;'and i? they improve anyrnee
the change has been mado in their condition,
it is hardly to be observed ; but a better idea
can bo formed with great justice to them in
tho course of .a 'twelvemonth. Tho negroos
must work, or this State in particular is un
done. There sffoujd be laws cuacted compell
ing them to.supporfc themselves and families,
by which thoy will be forcibly reminded, that
freedom'is not another name for idleness.-?
The laws however,* which will bave , po
tency than volumes b( State statutes, are to
^ enacted and promulgated by th? separate.
individuals of each community, vi'^?the laws
of kindness, sympathy, and solicitude for their
welfare. The lot of the white men and ft
the negroes herds the sanie. In their new
xUuatiou they are truly subjects worthy of tho
greatest conitnissorafion?unftccustomcd, us
they are, to seV-govornmout, untutored and
situplo. What thor? should bo the course qf
notion adopted, by the ?white people towards >
them-?to hurras*, ailfiioy, ,and confound.,t?>??*..
in overy way in. which they can ? This will
certainly he productive of no good, but nmofi
harm. They should cucouVage them by word
and by deed; by directing them in the Xr"?j|
of duty, and moral integrity) by abstaining
from evincing to thcm> aijy animosity or re
venge', und by showing a kind concern fotf
ttycir weal. They are susceptible of great
impression, and nothing co?ld possibly contri
bute more to their settling down to labor and
civilization than such a course, if adopted by
the people at large. Wo think that suoh ??|
ooursc of kindness sho'wu towards themywould
have a most salutary, affect ,
As each State, under the Constitution of
the United States, has the right to say who
shall and who shall not be eligible to the
right of suffrago; aud if the States of the
South are untrammcled in this privilege, they
will never extend the immunities of tile polli
to other than men of the Cuucassiau race. The
Mississippi Convention, recently adjourned,
is an Iliden to the action of the Southern
States. The negro is incapable of casting an
intelligent vote, which is so palpable to every.;
[jpcrson who is at all familiar with his condition;
as a servile, that no one can' for a moment
hesitate in his concjusion as to the fact '; and
to givo so much power into the hands of fi
parcel of inexperienced, thoughtless, ignorant
people?-who ave but as mere children'?would
be the most impolitic measure that could be]
performed; and should /Congress interfere ;
the matter in, such a wayt as to bring about ft
such a rcsuif, then, inticfad^? wouldLthe. Sgufrkjj
New York Commercial Advertiser
XRepublican)' urges the repeal of the Congres
sional oath, incorporated in au act passed In
July, of 1863, and say$-: . *>
u The oatli imposed by Congress was a
** military necessity'* in time of war, when it
was necessary and even vital to know,who
wore sound and loyal, und to kec]\?out of office
all who would use their position to thwart the
legitimate purposes of the Government, em
barrass its action, or give, cncouragdm.cnt to
its enemies. The oath bolongs to war legisla
tion. Its-day has passed. Tho laws remiered
necessary by the great struggle iq which we
were engaged arc among the curiosities of tho
past. , They have sorved their purpose, ' ana"
they iind- .place in tho era of peace. The
duty of this day is to repair what bas been
wasted, to recognise the end of hostilities by
breaking down tho Barriers that were erected
between North and South, between the loyal
and the traitor. There is no more place Or
reason for the test oath, and for the suspension
of haoexx c/?jms, than for trado restrictions
already brushed away, or passports aerosa tho
border, North and South. All alike belong
to a different order of things, to an effete leg
islation. WijJ Congress bo wiso^nougb to
recognixo the new situation, and sl?ow by its
acts that harmony is'restored, and that thej
Union exists with all its privileges accorded
to,all of its citizens, who are acknowledged^
to be loyal and hot criminal, whot "r their
own acts or by that oft}m. iVesidont ?"
The "Good Orjr Tim?s."?The Worces
ter Spy prints a genuine curiosity, in a doc
tor's bill, dak*) no lo'nger ago than 183U. Tho
prico of a visit in those days was fifteon cents,
but when'the o^nscichtious physioian ' took
me ride to ?seo several pationts, ho divided
the price among them, so .that tho most fr?
quent i,tom in the bilJ is " to part visit, 8c;"
The charges ror modtcino range, from five to
twenty ,conte, and tho.highest aiuount.in the
3oluinn is " to sundry medicines, compougd
incturo and tin box, 89c.'? The tot Al of the
sill, which is for constant attendance and
ucdicinc for a* period of eight months, the
/isits -avcrat?ing as oftiu? as once a .wdck' is
osk* than live dollars. ,
- --?-.-.- ? -V - ?
Contracte by Freedmen?The, Tenement Sys
tem Recommended'
The following oiroularhas been issued from
tho Frcedmcu'^ Bure.au :
Bureau ok Refugees, Freehmen, &o.,V
Hkadq'rs ?s's't Com. State Virginia, >
UiflHMoND, Va,, Soft. 29, 1865. ' )
Reports havingO.een received at these head
quarters, tliat the frccdmen in some parte of
the State refuse to enter intojust and^easoisf
able contracts for labor, ou account of the
belief that the United States Governmental!?
distribute lauds Smong them, superintendents
and agents of this Bureau will take the earli
est opportunity to explain to the frecdnieu
that no lands will bo given them by the Gov
ernment Juthat the Gofernmcift has bufa Ycry
small quautity of land in ih e State, only
enough to provide homes for a few families,
and th?t this can only be secured by purchase
or lease. They will also explain to ihcm the
advantages Of at once ontcrihg into eontracts
for labor for the coming year, ami that the
system of contraete is in no way connected
with slavey, butais the system adopted by free
laborers everywh ' r It is believed that the
routing of small tracts of hand by the farmer
to his. laborers would bo actually beneficial.
Tho laborer's interest in his orops and im?
{Movements would attach him to the planta
tion, counteract any temptation to break his
contract, and, by furnishing food,for the .more
dobondeut members of his family, increase
v?jfj?ir contentment and their comforts,
il"?The plan for renting lands on shares to tho
7f<cK)mcn b'io PMcocf?Tifully tristi ^
parts of, the State, and is bolioved to bo wor
thy of a more extended trial. ' Superintend
ente will counsel and assist both parties in
making cither of the above arrangements-.
Colbncl and Assistant ?oui.
Important Case?The Bights of Ne
groes in Indiana.?>-Thc following is copied
from tho Lafayette Courier :
An action was rocently brought against
Moses Hanger, a well-known farmer of this
jounty, on the charge of giving employment
to a negro, in* violation of thedaw, based upon
ihc 13th'article, of the Constitution, which
profitti te the emigration of negroes to the
State .after the* 31st ofOctober, 1851.
The penalty is a fino of notices than ^10
lor more than $500. The negro is also subr
eot to prosecuiion, but in this case the action
vas brought against the white man alone.?
Phe complaint was. filed before a oivil magis;
?rato at Clark's Hill, but was tried by a change.,
if vernie oefore^ Esquire. Winship at* ?took
rell. Tho case was prosecuted in behalf of
he State by ex-Mayor Ward^of this city, and
lefendedbya brevet lawyer, named Reinhart.
The facts being true as alleged in the coui
daint, Squire Wjnship rendered a decision
or the State,' *on tho strict letter of tnc law,
nd .asse&sod a fine of $10 and costs.
Tho case will go to tho Supreme Court of
hp United States on appoal, -and, from the
?sucs involve^, is destiped to figuro in the
arisprtfdonce of the country, along with the
)red.Ccot and other decisions in which the
atura-l and inalieuable rights of" man have
een called. J
The Pr?sident and His- Poi.i?y.?Ac- j
prding to solilo of the Northern papers Mio
rofess to keep fully posted, the President in
miiod Dean Richmond, the groat New York
>emocfatio irttriguing politician, fj that he
liould, in no wise, interfere witl? Now York
olitics; that ho considered himself ple.dged
> no party, and that onlv those who approved
this present policy could box rogarded as his
ieuds. II e further stated that the policy of
jconstruction, which Ho is now pursuing, is
ot an 'experiment; but the settled course
'hich he ha's determined to carry put without j
ifeiviiccMo thv wisW< of any'party. .
An Order in Hkgard to St?t? Avmt>.&
tice Laws.?Geo. Howard, tho head of tho
jfrecdman's Bureau, has issued the annexed
notice in rogard to State apprentice laws. ?
The State laws with regard to apprentice
ship will be recognized by this-Bureau, pro
vided they make no distinction of color; or fu
ca?e they do so, tWo aaidi laws applying to
white children will be extended to the colored.
Tho. officers of this . Bureau arc regarded as
guardians of the orpjians and minors of frced
men within their respective districts. The 1
principles to be adhered to with regard to
paupers is that each county, parish, township
or city, shall care"for and pr?vido for its own
j)ooi*. The Vagrant laws made for free people,
and now in foVcc in- the operation of this Bu
reau, 0W bo recognized and extended to the
freedmcn. (Assista^t Commissioners wiH draw
up the specillo instructions applicable to their
respective States in accordance with the fore- ,
going principies.
-~-- **
The North Carolina Convention ?
a .e , October 6.-**To the President of*
the United States : Sir?The Convention has
just passed the following by a unanimous vote: '
" That the ordinance of the Convention of
the State of ' North Carolina, ?ratified on the
21st of November, 1859, which adpptcd'iand ? ?
ratified tho. Constitution of tho United States,
and all acts, abstracts, and parts of acts of the
General Assembly ratifying And adopting
amendments to the said Constitution, are uow
and at all times, since the adoption sud ratifi- *
cation thereof, ? have been in full force'and
cifoct, notwithstanding the supposed ordinance
of May 20th; 1861, declaring tho same to bo
^pttolr?.-^^oifttfodynmd-nbrpgatetf j ;ahd said
supposed ordinance is uow and^at all time?
? lias been null and void." "
j The Convention will dispose of tho slavery
question to-morrow, Tho -State election will
be fixed for the first Thursday of November.
Very respectfully, *
[Signed] ; n \V. W. Holden,
Provisional Governor. ..
The Louisiana Statg? Democratic Con-*
vkntion.?The Louisiana State Democratic
Convention met October 3. It resolved em
phatically, to approv? President Johnson's
reorganization policy; will exclude'from the
field of politics all religioni and. sectional con
troversies; holds that this Government was 7
made, and is to be perpetuate^1, for the exclu
sive political benefit of tho white race, and
recommends the calling of a convention to
adopt a constitution expressive of the Will .of
thepeopla; petitions Congress for compensa
tion &r losses sustained by the emancipation
policy; advocates the repeal of all laws not in ' *
harmony wi'th the Constitution j Jajd before
tho general government a mosteiWnest appeal
for a geueral amnesty and restoration of prop- "
erty ; invites all citizens, without distinction,
toj?in in-opposition to the radical KepuMican
party. . ?O yffi_* '
Ex-Goyr Sickens.?A Charjpston letter
writer thus reports the .policy and views of .
this gentleman : \'.$
Since the, expiration of o ili c?a I term,
Gov. Pickcns has been quietly residing* on his ,
plantation in Ed'gefield District, taking no $
part, other than a deep interest in the great
events of tho war. Being One of flic largest
and most successful cotton planters 4t? tho
State, of course* theemancipation of tnc slaves*. ' *
has seriously effected his wealth. But, with
out indulging in any vain regrets, tho ex-,
Governo!' quio% announces his intentions to . ,
bogin planting anew, upon the- "principle of
compensated labor, and t*ays' thai he will do
all in his power to benefit his peopley late his 0
slaves, by inducing them to work diligently
and faithfully at a fair rate^of lemunerat?bn, ^
aWd by affording thorn t'ho means?f educating
themselves and otherwise'elevating their con
dition, according to tho schemes snggpsted by
tho Gov?rumcnt., He is, however, not ovor^
sanguino ?s to the result of ?he experiment,
adhering to tho opinion that tho plantation
negro cannot* bo made to work'utidcr' dlWr*
than a compulsory system..- M'riny ymuUHayo ,
supposed that Gov. Pickens woxiltihav* been
among4 tho first arrested aft^rthe war;, but,
in this rogard, ns.wcil as towards' his snoccssor, . '
Gov. Bonham, tJio outhorttio? se^yto h '? ;?
adopted a hmirnt policy. ' ? v ' .

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