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VOL IV,.NO, 27.
^ojm yjrxu T? i o a t i o
Meeting of the Stockholders of the Blue
Ridge Railroad Company.
QLAY'rpN, Rabun Co., Go., April 30,18G9.
A luccting of thc stockholders of this Com
pany was held this day in tho Court House.
Upon motion, Mr. Thouin? ir-?V - - ???'.4
to tho Olioii tina Mr. W. ll. D. Gnillnrd ro
qucsted to net ns Secretary.
Upon thc request of tho Chairman, Gen.
J. W. Harrison, President of thc " Blue
Ridge Railroad Company in South Carolina,"
explained tho objects of tho meeting, and rc.
ferrod in fccliug and graceful terms to thc
death of tho Hon. Edward Frost, o? South
Carolina, tho late Prcsidcut of thc Compa
A majority of tho Stock having been as
certained to ho represen ted, thc meeting pro"
cccdcd to business. Judge James Blccklcy
offered thc following resolutions, which were
unanimously adopted :
Resolved, Tl u thc thanks of thc citizens
of Rabun County aro due to thc President
and Directors of thc " Blue Ridge Railroad
Company in South Carolina," for their un.
tiring energy in promoting thc great work in
which they, ns well as thc stockholders of thc
Blue Ridge Railroad Company (rn Georgia)
arc so much interested, and that wo both as
citizens and stockholders tender thc annie, as
also our recognition of thc generous aid cxv
tended hy South Carolina to tho whole norie
without restricting its operation to her own
Resolved, That in view of thc paramount
importance of tho speedy completion of our
railroad connection with thc seaboard-in
view of the certain increase of thc value ^
lands, thc sure development of all thc resour
ces of the country, both mineral and agricul
tural, and thc facilities which wi if bc afforded
to trade and immigration, wc cordially invite
each and every oitizon of Rabun County tt
come forward und aid us in the work hy libe
rnl subscriptions in land and money.
Resolved} That books for subscription b<
at once opened, and that Judge Blocklcy, M
F. Caunon and Amos McAllister bc appoin
ted a Committee, who shall for tho ensuing
year take charge of tho same.
Upon motion, thc following wore appointee
a Corniuitce to nominate nine Directors fo
thc ensuing year, vi/. : Messrs. J. Blccklcy
J. Richie and 10. L. Purker. Thc Commit
tee having reported, tho following gcntlcinci
wove appointed a committee to manage th
election, viz : Messrs. Bleckloy, Richie au
Gaillard. 5511 votes were cast, and thc io.
lowing gentlemen were declared duly elccte
Directors for the ensuing year, viz : Tho?
Kelly, James Blccklcy, M. F. Cannon, Gee
A. Trcnholm, Henry Gourdin, Jas. L. Or
J. W. Harrison, ?. I?. Parker and W. II. 1
Judge Blccklcy offered thc following rose
lution, which was unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That thc 1'resident of this Com
pauy is hereby authorized to execato am
deliver in behalf of this Company thc sever?
mortgages which may bo advised by counsel
to secure tho bonds to bc issued by the "Blu
Ridgo Railroad Company in South Carolina,1
in conformity with thc acts of thc Gcuen
Assembly of South Carolina.
M. F. Cannon offered thc following, wine
was unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That tho stockholders of th
"Blue Ridgo Railroad Company" havo hear
with sincere sorrow of tho death of their lal
President, tho Hon. Edward Frost, of Soul
Resolved, That tho name of thc Hon. E<
ward Frost, of South Carolina, should bc an
?hall bo forovor associated with tho history i
tho "Blue Ridge Railroad Company," nu
wo tho stockholders of thc same, declurc oi
intention when the road is completed, to pr
tide a fitting testimonial of our respect f
his noble qualities as a man and his omino:
usefulness as a citizen.
Resolved, That tho family of the deccasi
bo furnished by thc Secretary of tho incctii
with a copy of thc above resolutions.
Judgo Blcckly ofTorcd tho following rc?
luttons, which wcro unniimoasly adopted :
Resolved, That tho next annual meeting
thp stockholders of this Company bo hold
?1 ? . ?' .*ix* mT*T nf Anril noj
Jftosol'oeJJ,. That tho proceedings of tl
mooting bo published in tho "K'cowce Coi
icr" and auoh other napors as tho Preside
may direct.
J. W. Harrison.ofTorcdttho followiuRi-whi
waa unanimously adbptod::
^ Resolved, That tho thanks of this mcoti
bo tendered to tho Chairman and Scorctn
for tho courteous and faithful mannor in whl
thoy havo dispharged thc}* rospcfltivo duti
'fhoro being no further business, the mo
lng adjournod. ^ a A IL WU), Soo,
Immediately, after thc adjowMumot of I
I r
i j into President, tlio Hon; Edward l'ro
?& South Carolina; and' that they Byron
\JX dooply with his Stato, tho commutii
os. whioh ho lived, and his family in' tho i
Ot- roblo loss whioh thoy havo sustainod.
J?caalmh That whilo ho lived, wo
him respect1 for Ina nphlo qunlitios as
aud gratitude for tho efforts nj ad o hy 1
,hc this groat enterprise ; and now. \l?a? hp, n
wo desire to pay tins humble tributo to his
Resolved, That a copy af these resolutions
bc sent by thc Secretary of this meeting to
tho family.
Upon motion, tho following gentlemen were
appointed a committee to manage tho election
viz : Messrs. C. 1). Smith, N. 0. Allman and
L. F. Silcr. 9570 shares were represented and
9550 votes cast, and thc following gentlemen
duly elected to serve for thc ensuing year :
President-J. W. Harrison.
/Secretary and Treasury-W. II. D. Gail
Directors-Messrs. J. II. Srler, J. L.
Moore, N. G. Allman, J. W. Dobson, Geo.
A. Tren holm, Henry Gourdin, li. L. Parkor
Jas. L. Orr and W. L. Love.
Mr. C. D Smith offered tho following res
olution, which was unanimously adopted :
Resolved, Th.. J. W. Harrison, Prcsidcut
of thc "Tennessee Diver Railroad Campa.
ny" together with two Directors, namely,
Messrs. J. Jj, Moore, and N. G. Allman, aro
hereby authorized to execute and deliver in
behalf of this Company thc several mortga
ges which may bc advised by counsel to sc.
cure tho bonds to bc issued by thc "Blue
Ridge Railroad Company" in South Carolina,
?rt conformity, with thc acts of thc General
General Assembly of South Carolin...
Mr. C. D. Smith of.'jrcd tho following
resolution, which was unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That tho ucxt annual tnectiugof
thc stockholders of this Company be held nt
this place on thc first Wvdncsday after thc
4th Monday of April next.
Mr. L. F. Silcr offered thc following rcso
tion, which was adopted :
Resolved, That these proceedings be pub
lished in thc " Asheville News " and such
other papers as thc President may direct.
Mr. E. L. Parker offered thc following res
olution, which was unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting
arc duo and hereby tendered to Col. J. L.
Moore, Chairman, and Mr. W. H. V. Gail
lard, Secretary of thc meeting, for thc kind
and courteous manner in which they have dis
charged thc duties of their respective offices.
Of the Grand Jury of Rabun County, Ga.,
April 30, 1809.
The Blue Ridge Railroad, wo hope, ig.soon
to be built, and ns it behooves ovefy citizen to
do all bc can to secure its completion at* as an
carly a day as may bc practicable, wo'recoin,
mend a meeting of tho citizens ol' tho County,
to ho hold nt Clayton, on some future day, to
take into consideration thc best means of se
curing that most desirable object, and to that
end wo invite a President of tho road, and
all other friends of thc outorprisc, to meet us
herc OB that day.
^.^.^.^ Foreman^
Tho Blue ridge Railroad.
There is no question of graver importance
in all its bearings than thc completion of this
great highway, which is destined to connect
the cities- of tho West with our own city by
tho soo. For more than thirty years thc prob
lem of its construction, hos agitated thc best
intellects of South Carolina, and step by step
tho work has boen oartiod forward until a
...'?**? .."""., wlivh rn nd ors ?t nhaohitnb?
athi i
noj f
ow j*/
. vi
lim in j three Windred thousand nc; ca mor?, uti
id?adjja*. tywork'is fairly resumed.' Witt
opening of thc road this immctisc body of land
will necessarily attract thousands of emigrants,
and in the settlements they will establish, tho
manufactories they will erect, thc water power
they will dovclopo, thc mines they will open,
and thc stock farms they will create, wc as a
community will enjoy the fatness of a region
of country rioh ia ita rcsoarcos which has
hitherto been ns a scaled book. Aside from
this, tho exports of tho great West, such as
corn, wheat, flower, hocon, lard, tobacco, whis
key, lime, salt, mules and cnttlc, which now
lind an outlet through New York and Balti
more On the one had, and Mobile and New
Oi lcans on the other, will naturally seek the
shortest route to thc sea across tho moun
Again, Charleston must become not only
thc gate way through which tho West will
supply thc markets of thc globo with her pro
duce, but through which it will receive in re
turn tho wealth of distant peoples, for the
Western importer well understands the econ
omy in time and freights that would result
from the opening of this direct highway to
thc outside world. Charleston now possesses
ouo of tho most availablo harbors on the
Southern coast between Norfolk and New
Orleans, and it requires no far-seeing eye to
discern a future in which, with thc opening
of thc Blue Ridge Railroad through to Knox
ville and Cincinnati, our oity will become not
merely a moit important railroad point of dis
tribution, but a gathering spot for ship? from
every quarter of the clobc, assembled to ex
chango thc products of other climes for those
of tho United States.
These are facts well appreciated by our
capitalists, and they should bc more fully hu*
pressed upon the representatives of every dc
? partaient of trade, becauso all will alike enjoy
thc bouctits destined to follow thc carly com
pletion of this Blue Ridge Railroad. It is tc
bo homo in mind, however, that until oui
owu people speak with emphasis and furuisl
practical proof of their iutcrest iu thc work
neither Cincinnatti, nor Knoxville, nor Lou
isvillo, nor Chicago, nor St. Louis, will pu1
their hands in their pockets and supply tin
capital required. Who amoug our citizen!
I will move first in this undertaking ? Anion'
all the schemes of thc hour to whioh tncu an
bonding their attention, is there ono so im
J portant in its every aspect as this ? Is then
ouo which promises a moro abundant reward it
thc shape of material commercial progress am
local wealth? Thc matter is of suchstirrinj
importance that thc press of the State shouh
lift its voice with ono accord and urge ever;
community to aid in pushing forward with al
practicable speed, tho construction of Chi
great natioual highway. President Harrison
nud the Board of Directors, a-ro quietly bu
onorgotically doing all that Hes in their pow
cr, but without something like a show o
interest and co-operation in S??ith Carolina
and more ospceialry in Charleston, not onf;
wTll delay result, but in th.f? end-for tit i
road will be built-thc immense Iutcrest in
volved will pass out of our control into th
hands of moro active, energetic, and far-sec
ing communities.- OJktrtcsfon Courte)'.
Tow Weed has been spendttig thc wintor a
Aikeu, 8. O, whero ho oyns some propcrtj
we believe. His papeV, thc "New York Com
mcroial," publishes tire following :
-Of tho populatioo of South CaroiiuA, 400,
000 aro colored and 300,000 white Th
ratio is ohanging fast Emigration helps nm
so docs tho death rato. A "Times" corres
pondeuX*ays that tho mortuary reports ii
Chnrloston for thc year 1808 exhibit tho fae
that out of a jgopulation of about 40,000 ii
tho city-^b?utlialf white and half blaok
th?ro hnvo died 1,208 person ; of these, 81!
wore colored, and 390 white. That is, mor
thant two negroes to ono whito died la?
year in Charleston. Moro exactly it is, on
nogro in ovory twonty-four dies annually
while in the samo time ouly ono in ovcry fiftj
ono whito? dies.
JTho voto of tV.?Stnto is about one in seven
'that is, about 100,000 votes in all. Of thes
00,000 are nogrocs and 40,000 whites-th
majority of negroes boing 20,000. Tho biro
raco is crowding toward thc o?ast, leaving th
upper and middle- oountry. This gives til
mountain Counties already a majority of whil
votos ; and this majority must inorcaso o
that side of tho Stato. At tho next oleotion
in 1870, it is vory probablo that tho whit?
will havo a majority in tho State Sonot
whioh consists of ono from each? County?
RKMAUKA?TiR pBATft-A fow days sim
a man namoi Thomas Ja^<*> residing in A
bany, diod v.ry suddonly, and kb ^ion
wore unable to dlsoovor auy oauso for his su
don domlso, At tho post morton* oxamir
tion, whioh baa just boon hold, lt waa fou
that a picco of ohip had lodgod crosswise
his bowols, stopping tho pnssago, and prodi
lng iho inflamatlor, whiph paused his doa
ft bas boon aacor,Uined that tho deceased
oldohtally swallowed tWe chip wh?lji dr
1 >-m4 gm and molasses a shork tlmoWooo,
"ootiKi3dog ovuWy been dotted fi
A @ [M fl O y IL T ii) R A, L
Late and Thick Planting of Cotton
Editors Southern Cultivator :-Every,
thing in regard to tho preparation and culti
vation of thc cotton plant that has emanated
from thc pon of Mr. Dickson, is in thc wri
ter's opinion perfect, oxcopt his Iste planting
and tho oroirding of tho plnnts. The writer
hns pursued prcoiscly thc same mode of ma
king cotton for fifteen years-long before ho
hoard of Mr. Dickson, nnd lins rarely ever
failed to make satisfactory crops ; thc only
difference being iu the size of tho sweeps
the largest size he mentions arc 22 iuohesi
Thc writer uses them from 30 to 30 inohes,
which do precisely thc same kind of work,
but more of i't, in a given time, and COOBO.
qucntly abridges labor, and lessens the horse
power-the extra draught is a matter of lit.
tlc consequence. Thc great error among
planters in using these mammoth sweeps is,
that they are not properly sot on tho plow
stook. They must run flat, nod never exoccd
one inch iu depth. If they go deeper, the
mule will' Bo used up. If properly made,
and properly adjusted on thc stock, they arc
a sine qua non. They abridge labor, lessen
horse power at least one-third, and last bat
not least, thc roots of thc crops arc unout.
They arc to this country what thc sulky plow
is to the prairie of thc West. By the gene
ral usc of these plows, what a wonderful re
formation there would bc, in lessening the
nUurfecr of mules' and horses now required.
In 1800 the writer produced with ten mules,
181 hales of cotton and 4,000 bushels of corn.
Thc rub in this system is to prepare the land)
and thc only way in which it can bo done, is
to commence in October, and plow every day
through t'^c winter, when the laud isiu order,
till planting timo, or buy extra stock to pre
pare, and sell off after planting. I did not
intend to say so mach about this plow, but I
notice that plunters objcot to thom in writing
of Mr. Dickson's plan.
Mr. Dickson plants cottou as late as thc
10th of May. If from necessity, nothing
would bo said, but thc presumption is, that
this is, in his opiuion, a proper time, as
he is always up wUh his work. In thc belt
of thc country in which Mr. ?. plants, nod
which bc considers tho home of tho cotton
plant, it is strange that he plauts at this late
day. Tho fact that ho makes prodigious
crops, planted tuon, proves nojtlii?g. It is
an axiom in the vcgetablo kingdom that tli^
longer any plant is growing, tho heavier *h
fruits. Corn, cotton or any ot?i?r crop ptlB,
tied late, has a tendency to prodtioo stalk,%witlr
little- frui't. Early planted cc^$m acquires a
size and stamina-which it,can never attain il
planted late. The writer can, Yu tho dark, in>
thc mouth of August, go i?t???vc\Jton\fiqld<
and distinguish stalks that aro plante'!' first of
Aprimad tho 1,0th of M?y, ]?}i*f^n?itl\pr> h?v,e
been crowded.) Mr. D../n?fiBOS , hrs *?oUdn
|fcows four feet wlTlc, and'leaves* ylio colton 8 o\>
9 inches apavt, and from.tjto l?.tlubo.8t<dks
iu a hill. This bj ono? t?*fcypry.tl?rcc^i.ucji08.
Mr. D. makes wonderful'ojtdps; btuf it cannot
bo attributed to this orowdrng\*Why uinko
tho rows so wide ? aud lj?av0 ''tho^ plant, so
thick in thc drill ?* There ".ia nothing io tho
structure of tho plaat'/^t&t- requires .this dif
"ferouco in odo way/-a?d?tuV other"* Thcro is
['"no roason why cotton^ or any otUor crop
hshould bo planted wiilor Ouiway thananothor,
' except that it facilitates t?io cultijfttion. Mr
D. says tho strongost reason f?r**his thiok
planting, is that it maturos carljor,- So far so
good, but doos it yi dd moro ? 'Mr. D. dwarfs
tlic plant to acoolorato its maturity. If thc
plant is at homo, why uso artificial moans to
mako it maturo ? Why not givo it ampio
room for its full development ? 1 oan soo no
good roason-for orowding tho plant-it ro
tords tho culturo, booauso there aro so many
moro stalks to adjust, tho bolls aro n?oossari
ly smaller, and "consequently tho pioking is
less-tho staple is not so good, because it has
not tho full benefit of tho sun, to elaborate
its juioes.
somo oxorosoonoofr may bo easily romoved by
applying tho following simple romcdy : In a
quart of soft wator, dissolvo | lb of alum ;
and in this solution wash tho teats and uddor
oarofully, morning, noon, and night. Porso
voranco in this oourso will, in a fow days, ro
movo ovory vestigo of tho discaso, loavjn:-,
tho wtts formerly aflootod, smooth and
hoaltby. v
THE Hortiouralist says : " Whbnovor tho
poaoh doos not suocood woll plantod upon its
yooU, booauso of the soil hoing tooatf ff, olayoy
or wot, it will bo found that t?ttho poaoh bo
buddod on thc plum it wUH^irlvo woB and
> I givo good crops of frutos, and at tho samo timo
i j giro to tho troo njpveMiavdihood to boar ox
ihnwa ohwi?es of tomkrature."
r??..v.Trr ivnTimi
GAUE OF HORSES.-The spring is thc most*
trying time for teams, but those tbnt have
been worked steadily through thc winter aro
thc best able to stand Thc incrcaso of heat
and length of days.
I have driven horses at thc plough and har
row and aeon them growing poorer and weak
er each doy. They wore worked from seven
o'clookinthc morning till twelve M,tben after
a roat of an hour to cat, were worked from ono
o'clock till eight P. M., without rest-being
left standing in tho held while a hasty supper
was eaten by thc driver.
Ten hours a day is long enough to work a
team ; and if a farmer cannot do his work in
that time, he should get another team. Ho
should have thc harness well fitted, nnd not'
usc thc same collar on a twolvc hundred pound'
horse that bc uses on an eight hundred pound
Galls arc tho result of three causes-fric
tion, pressure and boat. Friction of tugi or
traces, as thc horse turns to thc right or left,
causes galls upon thc legs, while other straps
galt other parts Thc backpad and the collar
cause galls by pressure and heat, when a'
team stops to rest on a sultry day, the collar
should bc lifted from thc neck to cool it.
If thc horse becomes galled, thorearc vari
ous liniment and solutions that will speedily '
cure thc sore, if the cause that produce it is
removed. Among thc remedies arc saltpetre
and alcohol, white lead, tincture of arnica, salt;,
nnd vincgnr. A bit of alum added to either;
of these mixtures might bc beneficial. But
it is better to prevcut than to cure. When a
horse comes in from work, a free usc of tho'
sponge und lukc-warm water about thc shoul
ders, legs and feet will add to his comfort, and*
iu additiou to good feed, tcud to increase his
usefulness.-JW. E. Farmer.
tcd that the cauterization by bot tallow is on
immediate euro for ingrowing nails. Put s?4
small piece of tallow in a spoon, and heat it)
over a lamp until it becomes very bot, and1
drop two or three drops between the nail and
granulation. Thc effect is almost magical
Pain and tenderness aro ut once roliovcd, and
in a few days tho granulation will go, leaving
the diseased parts dry, so as to admit of being
pared away without any inconvenience. Ther
operation causes little if any pain, if tho tat*'
low is properly heated.
SAVING SEED CORN.-Eleven years ogr/
this spring, I planted oom that I sclcotod
from my neighbors' cribs, for seed'. Tho re
sult was ?about one-half a stand of corn.
Sjuco then I have selected socd from the field.
Early iu tho full I begin to pick, as soon as
thc ker ucla begin to deut, and dry it over tho
stove, (uo Qongcr of dryiug too soon,) and
havo not fuiled of having a good stand of oona*.
Six years in clcvon, I have planted a picoe of
oom on tho 20th day of April. In tho'
spring of 1865, I planted twelve acres on:
that day.
ouc pint of whiskey, half a gill of spiiits of
camphor. Dilute theso ingredients in water
sufficient to. fill a quart bottle. U'.? - it-?o *r
drcnob, and it will afford roliof in ten min*
utos, p
Put the fruit in common muslin bags, with a
little sassafras bark scattered through, a hand
ful of bork to a bushel of fruit, and no worms
will trouble it.-Exchanye.
BUTEU-M??.K COSTAUD. -Four eggs, one'
teacup and a half of sugar, one tablespoon
ful of butter, ono pint of butter-milk, and
three tablespoonfuls of flour. Rcat well, bnko
in a deep pan, or on crusts
To MAKE HONEY.-To one and a halft
pints puro honey add five pounds of nido su1
gar, ono nnd n linlf pints of wator and two
ounces cream of tarts, dissolved in wator.
Bring thc mixture to a boil nnd clarify With
tho white of an egg.
HARD SOAP.-Put in an iron kottlo five"
pounds unslaokcd lime, five pounds salsoda,
and tinco gallons of soft water j lot it soak!1
over night, in tho morning pour off the walort
and add to thc water three nod a half pounds
of grcuso ; boil till thiok, turu in a pau to
oool, then out in bars.
A WISE FARMER. -An English' firnicr?
romarked that ho " fed his land before lt Whs
hungry, rested it boforo it was-weary, and
wooded it boforo it was foul." Seldom, if
ovor was so much Agricultural wisdom cnn
doused into a single sentence;
wood, stoop it in boiling wator till the'stroogth
is all out j give one tuiart oVory day for elglvv*
or ton days. Or mix it with beans or shotts ...
Givo him green or out up feed, wet with water
during thnoponttvou, and lt will ouro.
* -*,-.
Gob gives every hird ijs food, but doss no*
l%mw it iuto tho it?g?

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